OCR Interpretation


Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 30, 1949, Image 18

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1949-06-30/ed-1/seq-18/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for A-18

%\yt gening
With Sunday Morning Edition.
WASHINGTON. D. C.
9
Publithed by
The Evening Star Newspaper Company.
SAMUEL H. KAUFFMANN, President.
B. M. McKELWAV, Editor._
MAIN OFFICE: Uth St. and Penntylvonio Ave.
NEW YORK OFFICE. 110 Eott 42d St.
CHICAGO OFFICE: 435 ptofth Michigon Ave.
Delivered by Carrier Metropolitan Area.
Daily end Sunday Doily Only Sunday Only
Monthly .1.20* Monthly .. 90c 10c per copy
Weekly .. 30c ‘ Weekly 20e 10c per copy
*10c additional whon . 5 Sunday* are in o month.
Also 10c additional for Night Final Edition In those
taction* whore delivery it mode.
Rato* by Mail—Payable in Advance.
Anywhere in United State*.
F Evening and Sunday Evening Sunday
1 month .. 1.50 1 month 90c 1 month 60c
* month*.. 7.30 6 month* .. 3.00 « month. 3.00
1 year _15.00 1 year .... 10.00 1 year --A00
Telephone Sterling 3000.
Intered at the Po*t Office, We.hlngton, B. C.,
as second-class mail matter.
Member el the A**obated Press.
The A**ocioted Pro** i» entitled e*clu*ively to the uee
lor republicatien of all the loeol now* printed in this
isewspaper, as well as« all A. P. news dispatches.
A—It_♦_THURSDAY, June 90, 1W
What Next, Mr. Krug?
In deciding to close the Anacostia
swimming pool, as an emergency measure
to deal with the consequences of his own
rashness, Secretary Krug has done the nfeht
thing. But it must be obvious to any one
that closing the pool until further notice
does not cure the damage .that has been
done by Mr. Krug’s attempt to break down
segregation at the wrong time and in the
wrong .place.
The Interior Department’s policy has
had two results. One has Deen to convert
the McKinley pool, for all practical pur
poses, from a white pool to a colored pool.
The other was to create a situation at the
Anacostia pool which posed an imminent
and critical threat to the community.
This had been foreseen by the majority
members of the District Recreation Board,
but their warnings were ignored by the 1
responsible Interior officials. The latter
decided to 'force the issue of segregation,
and the most serious consequences were
averted yesterday only as a result of the,
very fine work of the metropolitan and
park police.
This experience has demonstrated that
community sentiment in Washington is
not ready for nonsegregated swimming.
Much progress has been made in other
fields, but it ought to be evident, even to
the Interior Department officials, that
abolishment of segregation in the pools is
too long a step to take now.
So what will Mr. Krug do? It would
seem that he can do .one of two things.
He can keep the Anacostia pool closed
Indefinitely, and thereby deprive the peo
ple of its use. Or he can confess and
correct his own error by abandoning the
effort to enforce there a policy that the
community is not ready to accept.
—immmmmw—————
> Three-Day Work Week
There will not be any widespread belief
that John L. Lewis, in calling for a three
day work week in the coal mines, is think
ing in terms of the public interest.
Mr. Lewis is interested in the welfare of
his union, the United Mine Workers. With
coal reserves piling up, he recognises that
overproduction would mean lower prices,
and that lower prices would be quite apt
to necessitate lower Wages. So Mr. Lewis,
not without considerable sympathetic sup
port among the operators, would like to
shorten the work week, curtail production
and hold up the price of coal. This, to be
sure, would hit John Public in the pocket
book, but that is a detail with which Mr.
Lewis would not be likely to concermhim
a£l?.
The operators have said that they will
not agree to this proposal, since such an
agreement might expose them to prosecu
tion under the anti-trust laws. Many of
them would like to do it, for they, too, fear
a glut of coal. But the operators are cau
tious. They do not enjoy the immunity
from prosecution which the laws and the
courts have extended to the union.
Perhaps Mr. Lewis will put a three-day
week into effect on a unilateral basis. His
present contract provides tfcat the miners
will work only when willing and able, and
It is hard to see what there is to prevent
him from saying to the operators: My men
are available for work three days a week.
If you don’t want them on that basis, they
are not willing to work at' all.
If this happens there will be indignapt
protests. But protests, no matter how in
dignant, do not answer the central ques
tion posed by the economic facts of the
coal industry. With the great wartime
demand for goal subsiding, the industry is
capable of producing, on a full-time basis,
more coal than it can sell. If a glut de
velops, and a price war begins, there is a
good chance that the industry will find
itself in as desperate an economic situation
as that which prevailed before the Guffey
Coal Act was passed. If that happened it
would not be good for the miners, for the
operators or for the country. So in this
sense, at least, it cannot be cfenied that
there is a certain grim logic in the Lewis
proposal. And what about the mass pro
duction industries? If those industries
continue to work on a full-time basis there
will come a day when we will have pro
duced all of the automobiles, refrigerators,
washing machines, etc, that the domestic
market can absorb. If current cost trends
continue we will have pretty well priced
ourselves out of foreign markets. What
. then? Will any one be able to come up
with a better solution than a drastically
curtailed work week designed to keep pro
duction in balance with demand?
Rxiy Lyman Wilbur
The number of the fields in which he
achieved eminence proves the quality of
the talents of Ray Lyman Wilbur. Nothing
was alien to his mind. He was interested
in everything. Moreover, he was successful
in whatever he undertook. His career in
medicine alone would have served to in
sure him remembrance. In education he
was responsible for the progress of Stan
ford University from 1916 to 1943 as'pres
ident and from the last mentioned year
onward as chancellor. His association
with Herbert Hoover, especially in the Food
Administration during World War I and
•s Secretary of the Interim' from 1929 to
1933, is a story of devoted friendship well
worth separate telling
Washington knew Dr. Wilbur as a
tall, lean, Lincolnesque man, encountered
wherever anything important was doing.
He was affable, easy to meet, perhaps not
altogether unreserved yet certainly not
bashful nor secretive—gregarious, opti
mistic, full of plans, a conservative but not
a reactionary. Coming to cabinet office
with a long record of accomplishment, he
wanted constructive action and set a per
sonal example in that respect. The speed
ing up of administrative business which
followed his induction still is recalled by
some who watched it develop. It was not
for nothing that the Secretary was re
ferred to as “the human buzz saw."
Dr. Wilbur enjoyed the sensation he
created. He built Hoover Dam, promoted
forest and oil conservation, helped the
Indians in the direction of self-sufficient
independence, investigated medical costs,
stirred up enthusiasm for improved child
health programs, stimulated home building
and home ownership, fought venereal
disease, labored for greater pan-American
solidarity, helped boys’ clubs, preached
world citizenship on a cultural basis. Many
of these endeavors were coincidental, and
he went' from one to another subject
with ease.
Undoubtedly, Dr. Wilbur realized his own
: inherent powers and had pleasure in
j spending them for popular advantage,
i Even his political rivals testified to his
j efficiency and altruism. He leaves a bright
! name which multitudes -have reason to
' appreciate.
* It Comes to Nothing
A little less than two years ago the
Department of Justice lawyers, perhaps
because they had nothing better to do,
decided to prosecute Washington realtors
under the antitrust laws. They filed a
civil suit naming the Washington Real
Estate Board, the National Association of
Real Estate Boards, and certain individ
uals. They also obtained an indictment
against the two organizations, the effect
being, by Indirection, to link the individ
uals—all of them respected businessmen of
the city—with the criminal charge.
Now this venture has come to nothing.
The indictment was thrown out a year ago
by Judge (furran, his view being that the
departmental lawyers had placed an un
i reasonable construction on the antitrust
1 laws. On Tuesday of this week Judge
HoltzofT dismissed the civil, suit on the
ground that personal services are not cov
ered by the antitrust laws. So the Depart
ment of Justice, after a considerable ex
penditure of time and taxpayers’ money,
winds up empty handed.
This lack of achievement could not be
legitimately criticized if there had been
any valid reason to believe that a crime
had been committed, or even if there had
been any creditable evidence that the pub
lic interest was adversely ^fleeted by the
practices of the real estate men. But the
Justice Department has- not been able to
establish either basis for its action, and,
that being so, it is fairly open to criticism
for abusing its authority.
The civil suit, presumably the stronger
of the two complaints, was based on the
fact that the members of the Real Estate
Board had established*standard commis
sion rates. This was done openly, without
any attempt at concealment, but the
department contended that the practice
amounted both to a criminal and civil
violation of law. The judges thought other
wise. In dismissing the civil suit, Judge
HoltzofT pointed out that the Government
had offered <10 evidence to show that the
rate of commissions prescribed by the board
is unreasonable or excessive, or that the
fixed rate unduly or unreasonably restrains
competition between real estate brokers or
adversely affects the sale of real estate.
“On the contrary,” he declared, “there is
evidence in the recofd to the effect that
before the board attempted to fix standard
commission rates there was chaos and con
fusion, resulting in occasional overcharges
on the part of the less scrupulous members
of the craft, and that one of the purposes
of the board was to eliminate this unde
sirable condition.”
The Government lawyers took the posi
tion that this was immaterial. It made no
difference to them whether the motives
were good, or whether the result of the
fixed rates was beneficial. The mere fixing
of rates, they said, is illegal of itself, and
a violation of law.
There is some talk of an appeal in the
hope that the higher courts will indorse
this tortured view of the law. Of course,
the right of appeal is open. But it would
seem that the Attorney General, after
these two rebuffs, would be happy to call
a halt to an undertaking which not only
has been a waste of time and money,
but which smells very strongly of sheer
persecution.
Making Money Is Risky #
With big-thpe Counterfeiting rings be
coming a rarity on the American crime
scene, the discovery by the Secret Service
of a $100,000 fake-money syndicate right
j here in Washington is a real piece of news.
Most old-time counterfeiters have learned
by sad experience that making their own
money is a poor way of getting rich. The
Secret Service, whose particular job it is
to safeguard the currency as well as the
President, has made life miserable for
counterfeiters in recent years. It is sur
prising, therefore, to find a gang foolish
enough to establish itself only a few blocks
from the Treasury.
Perhaps the ring which is charged with
printing notes in a downtown office build
ing mistook the relative lull in Secret Serv
ice raids-of late as an indication of relaxed
vigilance. It is true that counterfeiting
is not the profitable racket it used to be
in the roaring thirties, when fake money
kept the Secret Service constantly on the
jump. In 1937 nearly three quarters of a
million of worthless bills were confiscated.
The war bought a drastic drop in counter
feiting activities. Some of the bad-money
boys found more lucrative ways of earning
a living in war plants, some entered the
military services and those who stuck with
| the racket .found it difficult to get the
paper and ink and machinery needed to
carry on their “trade.”
After the war an increase of counterfeit
bills from foreign sources was noted. The
biggest haul by the Secret Service in 25
years was made In Marseilles, France, in
•the fall of 1947, when more than two mil
lion dollars In fake currency was seized.
In the past year or two there has been a
revival of domestic counterfeiting In vin
ous parts of the country. But the Secret
Service, with public co-operation, is mak
ing the crime an exceedingly hazardous
one. The “Know Your Money’’ educational
campaign, begun several years ago has
helped to familiarize cashiers, tellers and
other money-handlers with the peculiari
ties of “queer money.’’ The campaign has
paid off with arrests and with removal
from circulation of much worthless paper.
The results Justify continuance of the cam
paign—not only in the press, over the
radio and by movies but through use of
that new medium of visual education, tele
vision.
Arlington s New School head
William A. Early, who is about to talce
over the superintendency of Arlington
County’s schools, comes well equipped for
a difficult task. He will need all of his
experience and a great deal of ingenuity
and endurance to administer the war-dis
jointed. overcrowded system which serves
the children of the falt-growing commu
nity Just across the Potomac River.
Fortunately, Mr. Early is familiar with
the problems of public education under
conditions of emergency expansion. Before
becoming superintendent of Norfolk County
schools he was principal of the Alexander
Park Schools in Portsmouth, a wartime
project which mushroomed from a small
beginning into a six-building enterprise
housing more than 4.0Q0 pupils and 118
teachers. His success in handling this
tough assignment led to his appointment
as head of the entire Norfolk County
system.
Arlington has been faced with similar
school problems, also as a result of rapid
population growth. This growth, continu
ing after the war, has brought serious
classroom and teaching personnel short
ages and perplexing finance problems. It
also has brought civic dissatisfaction with
old policies and procedures and this unrest
has resulted in a decision to elect the
school board arid in demands for various
reforms. One of the first decisions of
the new board was to find a new superin
tendent who had had successful experience
in coping with such emergency problems
as the, war and the postwar period brought
to Arlington. It is only fair to Fletcher
Kemp, whom Mr. Early replaces, to
point out that during his 32 years of
service as superintendent he saw Arling
ton's schools develop from an easy-going
rural status to a modern, though gravely
overburdened, system. He cannot fairly be
blamed for inadequate facilities and in
adequate finances. #
Mr. Early will assume the superintend
ency tomorrow at a time when school con
ditions are still serious, although improv
ing. More money has been made available
for school construction and a building
program is under way. He will have the
best wishes of Arlington's citizens in his
efforts to solve the problems which still
remain.
This and That
By Charles E. Traceweil
* |
. “GLOVER DRIVEWAY.
“Dear Sir:
“Could you tell us if you ever heard of a
large bumblebee boring two holes in the bot
tom of h wooden bird feeder? We have con
sulted your good column before.
“He tried It last year also. But this June
has made the two holes. There is wildbird
seed in it, but that seems hardly the food
a bee would be after.
“Lo, we will hope for an answer. Do you
know one? “Sincerely, J. W. A.”
* * * *
This “bumblebee” is probably a carpenter
wasp.
She is not seeking seeds as food. \
She simply wants a home, and thinks the
i bird-feeding station the place to establish it.
That she tries from the bottom is not as
I strange as it sounds, for she looks at the
world as a wasp would.
Humans look at the world as humans.
That is, with us. the door is on the side,
but with a bee or wasp, the entrance might
be anywhere.
Insects have no human conception of "up"
and "down.” or “right” or "left.” although
at times they might seem to do so.
Actually, the smooth spread of wood on
the bottom of the feeding station gives the
wasp the impression of being a good entry
point. *
She is just as much at home making a
door at(the bottom as from the top or side.
* * * *
The carpenter wasp is a beauty.
She tunnels in solid wood, making tubes
several inches long.
Mud'is carried in to make the divisions
between the cells.
Thus the homes of the social wasps, as
they are all called, are used both as homes
and nurseries.
The work they do in building is highly
specialized. Their social development is com
munistic. They have reached the stage of
the ants, with three forms, males, females
and workers.
in this rather amazing social develop
ment. the kinds are produced according to
the season, or time of year.
Only worker wasps are produced in early
suguner.
In late summer, males and females ap
pear.
The first touch of real autumn causes
the males and workers to die.
The females crawl away to some pro
tected place, such as the home the specimen
instanced is trying to build, and there spends
the winter. t
In the spring, the females come out and
each one starts a colony.
This wasp economy is unhuman. Without
doubt, all communistic endeavors, at no
matter what social level, strike the civilised
person as unhuman. That is why ordinary
folks fear them, they are so strange, with
ways so subhuman.
Consider how the female carpenter wasp
operates. It is all up to her. in the spring.
She builds the nest, cdhstructs the cells,
deposits the eggs in the cells, feeds and cares
for the young until the first mature wasps
appear. Prom then on, the other wasps take
charge. The female then lays eggs in the
cells the workers build. She does no more
building.
Male wasps do not sting. That duty is left
to the females and workers.
Young wasps are fed on small insects.
They particularly like flies. This is another
of nature's protective devices, whereby she
I keeps the world from being overrun.
Wasps, as a class, are partial to fruit
juices, the nectar of flowers, and the honey
dew. so-called, caused by aphids or plant
lice. This honey dew is really a disease mani
festation caused by the aphids.
Yellow jackets and white-faced hornets
are two other interesting species It has been
estimated that as many as 14,000 cells, each
containing a wasp, are found in one nest.
The white-faced hornet makes real paper
for his nest It is just as much paper as If
made by humans at a paper mUL
Letters to The Star
Deplore* "Holdtag Bock'
frwpecUve Doctor*
To too Setter ot 7%« Our
"Patient' Patient in ha her letter to The
Star. June If senses the problem of abort -
age of doctor* and lack of medic*; c*re
blames the doctors for it but suggests no
remedy
"If to do were as easy as to know what
were good to be done.'* there would be no
problem. The simple solution, though not
easy u to remove the barricade* erected
by the oldsters to keep out the youngsters
The young man coming out of high school
and wishing to enter the medical profes
sion must put in four year* in pre-medical
school four year* in medical school, one
year internship, before he will be allowed
to take the examination before the med
ical board to demonstrate that he u qu*l
i ifled to receive a license to practice If he
| wants to specialise in any particular branch
| he must have three year* more of ac
credited- background before the profession
will admit that he may be qualified
The prospect of plodding through nine
years of school is very discouraging to the
bright young man who has plenty of ability
but very little money »nd who can get
himself a Job In commercial life with no
further schooling. The natural result is a
declining tendency in native ability of those
who enter the profession The remedy is
to repeal the laws requiring prospective
doctors to attend medical school fee any
stated length of time That requirement
places a handicap on genius, a premium on
mediocrity, because the bright boy is held
back to the pace of the dull one. The sole
, test should be the ability of the applicant
to pass the test prescribed by the board of
examiners.
Another change that would greatly help
the situation would be to license midwives
Ninety-nine per cent of maternity cases
could be handled by midwives as well as
by doctors, whose time could be better spent
on other cases. Fifty years ago the midwife
was a component part of every community,
especially in the rural districts, but the
medical hierarchy by exerting pressure on
the legislature has secured the passage of
laws eliminating them In most, if not all,
the States.
Of course, the ins, plus the schools, vig
orously and vociferously would oppose the
above-mentioned suggestions, but in these
latter days too much emphasis is being
placed on education and too little on natural
ability. No amount of training will make
a race horse out of a Percheron.
HOWARD B. SMITH.
Plywood Strips Not Serviceable
As Lawn Curb, Even When Painted
To the Editor of Th« St»r
It is a shasne that a newspaper of The
Stars reputation for accurate presentation
of news and other material should publish
an article containing as inaccurate and mis
leading statements as are found in the one
entitled “Plywood Strips Found to Make
Serviceable Curb on Lawn Edge" by W.
Wadsworth Wood, which appeared in the
Issue of Saturday, June 18. of your paper.
I have no quarrel with the instructions
for installing a plywood curb but the state
ment: "Both stake and curb will last for
a great many years if they are given two
coats of good paint before they are set in
the ground" is completely erroneous and
very misleading.
Paint does not preserve wood against de
cay. Wood which has not been treated w ith
a preservation such as creosote, zinc chloride
or sodium fluoride will decay in contact
with the ground or in any situation where
it can collect moisture and remain damp
for a long time, or where it is alternately
wet and dry. Dampness favors the growth
of the fungi that destroy wood. The rate
at w'hich decay takes place depends upon
the kind of fungus, the character of the
wood, and the degree of exposure to moisture
and warmth. Decay may progress so rapidly*
as to destroy the usefulness of a piece of
wood In a few months or so slowly that it
will scarcely be noticed.
So the unsuspecting homeowner who in
stalls a plywood curb according to Mr.
Wood's instructions—believing the state
ment in the article because he read it in
The Star—is apt to be sadly disillusioned
when he finds his curb rotted away in a
relatively short time
One more thing—unless Mr. Homeowner
uses the outdoor type of plywood which
has been made with waterproof resin glue,
he will find that his plywood will disin
tegrate and fall apart in a very short time,
depending upon the frequency with which
it gets wet.
My authority for the above statements
is contained in releases of the Forest Prod
ucts Laboratory which is maintained by the
United States Forest Service at Madison,
Wisconsin, In co-operation with the Univer
sity of Wisconsin. HENRY B. STEER.
Seea No Reason Why Civilians
Should Be Leas Well Treated Than Military
To tl»t Editor of Th« Star:
My hat is off to Senator Flanders. He is
integrating with his whole cortex when he
insists that the military pay bill shall not
receive consideration ahead of any move to
bring the civilian pay standards also up to
the 1939 living standard. Too many of our
legislators in the past have put entirely dif
ferent evaluations upon the two symbols
"military” and "civilian,’’ which, in the last
analysis, 1. e. on the process level, stand for
the same type of activity so far as peace
time duties are concerned.
As every civilian working in a military
agency knows, the really Important, scien
tific and highly technical professional and
administrative work is done by civilians,
working side by side with the military, many
of whom suffer no more hardships from
“field work’’ than the civilian does. In fact,
many of them serve year after year at
headquarters, without ever seeing duty in
the field of peacetime. And in these days
of the atom bomb, it is questionable whether
the civilian does not face more risk in war
than the military.
Why the military should retire on three
quarters pay while the civilian retires on
only half-pay is another matter which, in
view of the above lelative risks of the civilian
and military in modern warfare, should be
brought down the abstraction ladder and
compared with the empirical facts.
The time has come for some straight
thinking in this matter of Government pay
and emoluments, and Senator Flanders u
doing it. REALIST.
Federal Central C—eMeted
A Move Toward Comas—lam
To Um Editor of Th« our:
4 Well, here we go again. This time it s
Federal aid to the public schools. Naturally,
the proposal excludes the Catholic schools
Any Communist will tell you this Is the only
fair thing to do. Vishlnsky must have a
tew second cousins employed here in Wash
ington.
I make reference here to the Barden school
aid bill. I have many personal Protestant
friends that I know do not approve of this
bill. Do you know why they don't approve
of it? Well. I’ll tell you why—they started
out exactly this way in Communist-domi
nated Europe. This is Just another sweet
little indication of hatred and jealousy. They
didn't stop with the Catholic Church in
Csechosiorakia or Hungary did they? For
those creatures who can conjure up and in
troduce a bill ilka this one. I would take
the greatest personal delight to shipping
them direct te Buena TMt * the very
Letter* for ptKarafst-a nu; hs
the *%gnature end address or the
tenter, attkoaph t: ts pemtsnSe to*
e tenter known to The Star to use
e non 4e plume Please hs brief
type of worthless genius Joe Rtai.n ep.d
receive with outstretched arm*.
When, may 1 ask. wtU Congress be pee
tented with a bill akkxng few Federal control
of the churches here in America* Now k-t
me ask you this How long do you think it
would take them to make a deernon tf you
or 1 robbed a bank and shot several pe -
sons in making a getaway' Well, there vs
only one big difference the Commun.su
don't intend to rob a bank necessarily but
they do intend to rob the American people
of their most cherished pease mu ora, name •
the freedom to worship God as one desire*
the right to free speech and the freedom
of live press
Not only that but I wonder if tt ever has
occurred to any one that had our leader* had
any backbone we nevet would have had the
expense of the airlift nor would we have had
the constant threat of communism creeping
across Europe Asia and the rest of the globe
Back m 1M€ if our Nation had given Russia
34 hours notice to get out of Europe and
Asia alike. Russia would have moved and
moved plenty fast too The Russian* were
in no position for war and they sUU aren t,
but I assure you pur kind-hearted leader*
will give them ample opportunity to prepare
Believe It ot not, right here In America
today I find a great many people are be
coming afraid—of what 1 don t know, but
they seem reluctant to speak their mind*
Of course, 1 hope you understand this ts the
very sort of thing on winch the Communists
thrive First wtj have the Introduction of
a Federal-controlled hosptuluation plan
now Federal aid to public schools and 1 ask
you What next’
ALFRED W PARSONS
Outfield* Tn Big
For Home Ron*
To th» Editor of Thf Star
May I respectfully but angrily remark that
baseball u asinine? After all these year* we
still have pill box parks and cattle range*
In a recent game /our Washington baiters
hit balls far enough to produce home runs tn
more Ulan half of the park* in the two big
leagues. Here they were caught
Since the diamond has to be so accurately
made. Why is there no regulation for out
fields?
The left field and right field lines could
be "not less than 320 feet nor more than
240 feet from home base The farthest
point from home over second could be "not
less than 360 nor more than 380 feet "
Certainly, the game Is' not being played
on fields that Justify comparison of baiting
averages. IGNORANCE.
Differs With Mr Kent
On Payments to Veterans.
To ih* Bailor ot Th» Star
I always have had great respect for the
authenticity of the new* in The star but
after reading Frank R Kent s article in
The Sunday Star. I don t know. At least
part of his column Is all wet
Mr Kent states that there was no excuse
for the terminal leave bill passed in 1046
But the veteran had that money coming to
him because it was for leave he didn t get
He worked for it and it certainly wasn't
handed to him on a sliver platter The
officers got theirs from the flr»t, so why
make such a fuss over the enlisted man
getting his? I wonder If Mr Kent would
like to work two or three months and not
get paid for it.
He also says the Government Is getttng
ready to pay the veterans |3.000.00d,000 in
insurance dividends. In the first {face, the
Veterans Administration Is paying k out of
the Urge surplus they an holding. It Is
money that the veterans overpaid on then
insurance.
When Mr. Kent receives a dividend check
from his Insurance, does he feel like he Is
accepting charity?
MRS OEORtlE W BRUFFEY
Argues That Cost of Atlantic Part
Will Promote Totalitarian Systems
To the Editor ©I Thr fHar
"Guns are of greater importance bistor* ’
ically than butter." So taught the late de- ’
lightful Goerint and Goebbels However. our
Presidents economic adviser, Edwin O.
Nourse. holds a contrary belief He pro
tests against our huge arms appropriations <
saying "A defense program that is guided
exclusively by the most perfect military con
siderations may impair economic and
financial preparedness or give fuel to the
development of a fifth column in our midst
and thereby undermine It* own effective
ness."
This warning is especially relevant to the
North Atlantic Pact which would add tre
mendously to our military expense* The
comparatively small figure proposed to im
plement it “for the first year" is misleading
It covers up the fact that 14.500.000 000
worth of our own military equipmert Is to
be classified as "war surplus" and marked
down to a tenth of Its value before being
shipped to Europe However, our Armed
Forces insist on it* replacement—which will
cost us more than 14,500.000.000
The economic implications of this Pact for
Europe are even more serious, if—as Becre
tary Acheson has said European nations
Kill furnish "between W and $7 for each
dollar this country Puts Into the military aid
program ” These impoverished countries
already are strongly Infected with both
fascism and communism If their produc
tion is diverted into arms, how their fifth i
columns will mushroom'
Unless the Senate wants to prepare the
ground for this poisonous gTowth, It should
not ratify the Pact
ALICE FRANK UN BRYANT.
< Seattle.
• .
Plane Slmwj’i Plight
Prompts Eipresaton ef Sympathy
T® th* K Io' of Thf K«r
Sly deepest sympathy was aroused upon
reading the account of the stowaway youth
an the airliner from Miami to Washington
recently
Naturally. I do not condone the actions of
this young man but neither do 1 condemn
him However, my condemnation is with
held for reasons quite different from those
of the various Government departments
which wasted time, effort and money trying
to find a suitable criminal category in which
to place a hungry, desperate feUowman with
only 70 cents between himself, a bed on a
park bench—where by the way he would not
be allowed to sleep—and hunger
His own statement proved this young
man's efforts to be those of seeking employ
ment in the Marine Corps where his previous
experience had been. Be knew his chapees
for such employment would be better in
Washington. He would be quite willing to
pay his transportation expenses if this em
ployment were available
Ye*, there are charitable institutions where
those who are not popular politically may
find temporary relief—if one has no pride
but relief Is not possible until a lengthy in
vesUgaUoo is made
True Ilenlorrirr is inseparable frees true
Christianity and the Golden Rule » not
nearly so enspixsud as a bureaucratic gov
ernment and R costs much less to operate
Is America a Christian nation ?
ALMXNA MACUPOP MAOOL
7J* Pvbtical Mill
Threats of Labor Leaders
j On Toft-Hartley Act Foil
j Truman MriJ l naMe *n Mtk* i«oo4
I in to Repeal Meeauee
B v f»#•■>' d t tmt+4m
<>ta:;U»d -atar d.ee ». l onr.uaJ tf«
*:« C\w«:*« bfent a- CJs* Utraau a* IP#
labor teasSt'* arid they ha»e he*.~. Bant
and 5-rrrifk' - bat* r-tevetsWd as a* mam* a
majorat US either the H;<ja at Art±ei* u
iwjs*w*t the .\dttur.*»; • a. „• > b;.. to repeal
the TaJ: Hole' tatac a.'
On the boettrert. t,-# tale sss U* H ^a
• a* aderrw and in tie Aetna la R a»»
et idem f« a test* t me that nttf* earn
WBfidatn'j l« the atiet-r* labor .a• a*
a ere approved b> SrniUv 1 aft of Oh at
and the manat tty of Renateo* haotiRC hfl»
•©aid be accepted
It wont ct » «:.M h.»*ete’ to rtgilP -
•fciate that rp TafV Hartley repea' a«w t• t
at lha Basse teptal a auk! he put tJirau* n
by thi» CcvupeM that Praaidrat Truman
aouid nat he aba to mate food «m Mr
pstwute to bnn* about repeal - ah tea ha
made dunn« the pcaatdraUa rampatc* ;an
re*' B» !»•» !t ahauUi be t *a to maty
erne
HUH I* Silt UmIIM
All wad? mm of Ih* labor lead* » and
Uvc;r supporter* among tha Damorra.* a a
seeking to mttr It appear to they ad
vantage that tha Taft HarUev art tsaa r t
bean repealed. *IJd 1* to tv# an ia»u# «uu*
again in the eon* reasuonal alee mm* next
yea* Indeed jj h*» beer. aaaf that thaw*
leader» and President Truman preferred to
hate it to However the labor leader* And
some of Use Democrat* may See; tht* writer
believe* that President Truman htmarf
wanted repeal at thi* aexsuon of Congrva*.,
and a virtual return to the W** <.tee •
relation* act and that hr «;•>.• ns
have repeal sS possible at the wvnoi. ..S
Congee** a inch mm* next Jtahuarv
But having tailed to get tepra. it rr.
be expected that ttw President will do I *
utmost to put ge from Cong res* enough
Republican* and enough obnaervauie lets
ocrat* In th# 1**0 election* to make cer
tain that the 82nd Congre** not catty a d
repeal the Tatt-HarUrv Act bin «tll aiaa
put through th# remainder of U>e Human
program from Civs] Right* to aoriai.crd
med ic me
It u unfortunate that during all (hr-a
month* no sincere effort ha* tiren made by
the opponent* of the Taft Hartley labor act
to ge! togetlier with Senate laft to arm a
fair labw law although the uhki urn* ur
ha* shown constantly a druse to imtwvn#
the exiting statute The attitude of the
President and of thr labor leade-* *;,<t
finally of the administration leader* m Con*
8Tea* haa been Hie Wagner Act respired
■or nothing a stand and delhrr attitude.
Senator Taft on the othet hand recom
mended *8 change* In the labor law bearing
his name io improve n
Altitude Mio»n In latter.
The airogant attitude of tile labor lead
er* was demonstrated in a letter which Wtl*
Ham Clreen. president of the American Fed
eration of Labor, aetit to Senator Lucas of
IUinou. Democratic leader of the Senate and
had him read to the Senate *111# latter was
rharactenaed bv Senator laft immediately
as "the most presumptuous state merit that
any individual ever made to the Senate of
the United State* In that letter M<
Green aaid that he and hi* federated union*
would not have any part of tha labor bill »•
amended by laft amendment* and desired
that it be killed forthwith
"He 1* sending hi* or iter to u* “ said
Senator Taft "to tie Untied r •* Senate
And ha added that Mr Green « * attempting
a veto of legislation which had not yet bean
passed
Evidently th# labor leader* believe or
hop#—it will be possible for them to defeat
Senator Taft himself wlien lie seeks rr
eleeuon next year, with tha Taft* Hat Hay
Labor Act ax an lague Certainly Urey are
planning to throw money and all tha in
fluence Urey can Into the coming campaign.
And If they defeat Senator Taft amt in
crease tha number of labor-ridden mem hr »
of Congresx to a point where they can f«ca
through any legislation they dcaire then m»
deed, the United States will hate given tw
one group of It* citusen* a dicta tor snip that
will plague It to the last
Questions and Answers
A mtivt %*n *m tli# **■*•♦» \* *»>t * r» *
t•<» fey t«H;t • 1 *♦# lktMt.|ti ‘ • jfcs* - i*
form*' ofj #»t* Ml* It* »•»*! h # W#? »* ■ *
U»rt . D C' I'lFUMf I Sir ml* tl»f*« * X < #» «* ?«*
irlurti
By 1IIK H ANK!* KMLVH I
Q Did Queen Victoria ever attend tha
British Drrby’ T O V
A The Queen attended with the Pr.nra
Consort In 1846 It was cm* of her Prim#
Minister*. Disraeli, who dubbed th# event,
' Blue Ribband of th# Turf
Q What la the area severed by th#
Vatican Palace? P C
A The atrurtura cover* more than II
acre* It la said to have a thousand hail*
and chapel* and apartment*
Q In what State are the most bald eagle*
found’ B W R
A There are far more in Florida than
anywhere else in the country Contrary to
popular opinion the bald eagle doe* not
build hi* home or, a cliff nearly a* often
a* on top of a tail tree, even in the Rome*
Q What were the chief article* of trade
between the United State* and Japan last
year’ W J C
A In 1#4# total United State* export* to
Japan were valued at |322 tMLOW Th#
meat important export* were dairy product*,
grains and preparation* tht* represented
about one-half of all export* and wheat
represented about one-half of thi* amount
vegetable* and preparation* *helled peanut*,
•oy beans, raw cotton and bituminous coal
United Stale* imports from Japan in 1M8
were valued at k&t.Ml MS They included
tuna, shellfish and oyater* »*«<1(W.. fur#
i coney, marten, mink vegetable* tew
drug*, cotton cloth silk manufactured and
unmanufactured • thi* amounted to almost
one-half of total Import* , e;*y and clay
products
Q Where do the Pntosiof are.*
tprrid the winter'*—G H Y
A. It u not known with certainty where
mats go in the winter time Fomibly they
trwtn down u» Southern California water*
before returning to their breeding ground#
tn the north Ho one know* why the araii
go back to the PrlMlof* but they do r»
back regularly each ageing.
Q By whom wa* the new MwxtMa curt,
dramamine. dlaeoeeredi—W A Y
A. Original research leading to lh* «*»
firknea* cure wa» dm* by two aneeuau at
John* Mopkin* Unmrattf Baltimore The
drug, beta-diammoethyi betaohydriy *uet
S-chlorothaopbyUmaw. » known a* drama
mine for abort lu *i»ei*l eaha* m ewm
mouon urkneu wa* dmeomad toy arodent.
The Willow*
The** art water lore eg fee* ,
Sending doara thetr roof* to fool
Far below fAe deep «*d d«w*p
Ittrror of the pool £
Seeking water nke a loner. /
How fAey Aorer recced a ad fAm,
Bendtng toward the placid nr foe*
Ahtept looking tn —
BBSS H0WLAHD pBOUMHa

xml | txt