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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 30, 1949, Image 2

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House Inquiry Closed
After Reporters Tell
Of Alabama Floggings
By Hi# Auociattd Pr«l
A congressional investigating
group washed its hands today of
further inquiry into Alabama's
hooded nightrider troubles.
After a brief bearing yesterday,
Representative Byrne, Democrat
of New York said he had no plans
for continuing an investigation
into flogging incidents which al
ready are under study by FBI
agents and Alabama law enforce
ment authorities.
Mr. Byrne is chairman of a
House Judiciary Subcommittee
which heard testimony from three
; Alabama newspapermen yesterday.
• The reporters—the only three
witnesses called—related accounts
of violence by hooded mobs. But
they suggested that Congress let
the home folk handle the sit
uation.
Testimony by Negroes Urged.
Although Mr. Byrne Indicated
the hearing would not be reopened,
Edgar O. Brown, director of the
National Negro Council, demand
ed that the committee call in Ala
bama Negroes for testimony on
floggings and "terrorism" at the
hands of white-sheeted mobs.
“We don’t agree that everything
Is all right In Alabama,” said Mr.
Brown, a white-bearded Negro, “It
hasn’t been for 80 yeras.”
Mr. Byrne adjourned the hear
ing without comment on the de
; mand.
• At one point during the session,
- Mr. Brown interrupted the testi
many by shouting that a “reign of
terror” had been going on against
Negroes in Alabama for 80 years
- and “it’s worse now than ever
before.”
Battle Criticizes Hearing.
Representative Battle, Demo
crat. of Alabama, who had called
the investigation a "political ma
neuver” in behalf of the Truman
civil rights program, said after
ward that the hearing “proved
nothing.”
“The only thing it proved,” he
told a reporter, “is that law en
forcement officers are co-operating
with the State, the FBI and citi
zens to clean house. Alabama is
on the move against lawlessness.
“A political congressional in
vestigation will prove nothing, only
muddy up the waters.”
All three witnesses—Clancy E.
Lake of the Birmingham News,
Clarke Stallworth of the Birming
ham Post, and Frank Trawick of
the Jasper Union News—told the
committee of instance* of violence
which they had investigated as
reporters.
Hones Dynamited, j
The incidents included the
dynamiting of three Negro homes,
floggings and lynch threats against
a mother and her two daughters,
and other similar occurrences both
in the vicinity of Birmingham and
in neighboring Walker County.
Mr. Trawick, a stocky, confident
young man, said. “I am satisfied
everything is being done that is
humanly possible to end these dis
turbances.”
But he was critical of the in
vestigation made by Sheriff
Grover B. Baggett of Walker
County, saying the sheriff’s office
was undermanned. He expressed
satisfaction with the work of State
investigating officers.
“The great majority of the
people of Alabama regret these
floggings. The exception are a
minority bunch of lawbreakers,”
he told the committee.
Predicts Indictments.
Mr. Lake, city hall reporter for
the Birmingham News, urged the
committee not to dig too deeply
while criminal investigations were
still in progress.
But, he added, “I can guaran
tee there will be a batch of in
dictments in the Jefferson County
(Birmingham) incidents.”
Alabama law enforcement offi
cials have acted "promptly and
vigorously,” Mr. Lake said, and
State investigators are “working
day and night and doing a darned
:good job.”
; Mr. Stallworth, 23-year-old re
;porter for the Birmingham Post,
•told the committee he had been
Plugged at the mining town of
’Sumiton when he was sent there
Iby his newspaper to get informa
tion on a flogging case involving
three women at the town of Dora
In Walker County.
' “The only complaint made has
been made by you?” Representa
tive Hobbs, Democrat, of Ala
bama, asked Mr. Stallworth
“—and that has been properly
attended to. the persons have
been arrested and |he trial set?”
Mr. Stallworth said that was
correct.
Alabama Plan to Revoke
Klan Charter Rejected
MONTGOMERY, Ala., June 30
^. — Alabama legislators have
burned down a suggestion that
they revoke the charter of the Ku
JOux Klan. •
• Members of the House Constitu
tions and Elections Committee
yesterday rejected a proposal by
State Attorney General Albert A.
Carmichael to cancel the Klan's
charter. Instead they recommend
ed that Mr. Carmichael take the
matter up with the courts.
SOUTH BEND, IND.—IRENE DUNNE HONORED BY NOTRE DAME—Movie Actress Irene Dunne
last night received the University of Notre Dame’s Laetare Medal, awarded annually to the Na
tion’s outstanding Catholic layman. Left to right, at the presentation, are: Archbishop J. Fran
cis A. McIntyre of Los Angeles, Miss Dunne, the Right Rev. Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen of the
Catholic University, Washington, and the Rev John J. Cavanaugh, president of Notre Dame.
Miss Dunne, in an acceptance address, said: "I know that the Laetare Medal is not for my honor
but Is rather a tribute first to womanhood and secondly to my profession.’’ Msgr. Sheen praised
Miss Dunne for living “a full Christian life.”—AP Wirephoto.
75Pct. of U. S. Budget Tied Up
On Eve of New Fiscal Year
ty lh* AtiocioKd Pr»»»
The eve of the Government's
new fiscal year found one of the
biggest appropriation logjams in
history on Capitol Hill today.
About 75 per cent of the Pres
ident’s budget for the new year
starting at midnight tonight is
tied up in Congress. The Senate
hasn’t acted at all on some money
bills and the Senate and the House
can’t agree on others.
Unless something is done about
it by midnight, a score or more
Federal agencies, including the
Army, Navy, Air Force, and Atomic
Energy Commission, won’t have
any operating funds starting to
morrow.
But the skids were greased for
a stopgap solution. And there was
really little fear that Government
workers would be on a "no-pay”
basis or that doors of Federal
agen^es would close.
Congress has been caught in so
many similar jams in recent years
it was all set for this one.
A resolution providing emer
gency financing for unflnanced
agencies was ready for a quick
trip to the White House. It was
passed by the House late yesterday
and sent to the Senate for con
sideration today.
It would allow the agencies
whose regular money bills haven’t
been passed to carry rm normal
activities until they get their an
nual appropriation, or until July
31, whichever occurs first.
Money spent during July under
, the emergency measure would be:
charged against the appropriations
finally voted by'Congress.
Only four bills financing regular
governmental activities for the
new year have actually become
law. They finance the Labor De
partment and the Federal Security
Agency, District of Columbia Gov
- .- ---— 1 '•* * ■
emment, Agriculture Department
and Congress itself. Their com
bined total is approximately
$3,132,000,000.
Shuttling back and forth be
tween the Senate and the House
because the two branches can't
agree on Anal amounts are bills
carrying funds for the Treasury,
Post Office, 8tate. Commerce and
Justice Departments, the Federal
judiciary and the Army Engi
neers. The President wants
$4,679,000,000 for all of them.
Pour big bills have passed the
House, but haven’t even been con
sidered by the Senate. They A
nance the Army-Navy-Air Force,
Interior Department, foreign aid
program and the Atomic Energy
Commission along with a score of
so-called independent offices.
Their total, as passed by the
House, approximates $25,000,000
00Q
Labor-FSA BUI Signed.
President Truman yesterday
signed the $2,253,529,385 Labor
FSA appropriation bill. It was
a compromise measure, above the
amount originally voted by the
House and under what the Sen
ate had allotted. It still was more
than the $2,235,065,685 «Arst pro
posed by Mr. Truman.
On the Treasury-Post Office
funds bill, the House yesterday
bowed grudgingly to the Senate's
insistence that the Internal Reve
nue Bureau be given a large num
ber of additional tax enforcement
employes. It passed the compro
mise bill by voice vote and $gpt
it back to the Senate.
The bill had been bottled tip
over disagreement on the number
of new tax agents. The House
voted for 1,500 new enforcement
workers and the Senate voted for
7,000 as requested by the Presi
dent. . M.
The House Anally agreed a
compromise allowing 4,250.
Weather Report
Distrclt of Columbia — Cloudy
with highest near 80, chance of a
few showers this afternoon and
tonight. Lowest tonight near 70.
Tomorrow mostly cloudy and
slightly warmer.
Maryland—Mostly cloudy with a
few scattered showers tonight and
probably tomorrow. Not much
change in temperature.
Virginia—Cloudy with occasional
showers tonight and probably to
morrow. Not much change in
temperature.
Wind velocity, 12 miles per hour;
direction, northeast.
River Report.
(Prom United Statei Engineer!. >
Potomac River muddy at Harpere Ferry
and at Orest Falla; Shenandoah muddy at
Harpers Ferry.
Bomidity.
(Readings at Washington National Airport.)
Yesterday. Pet. Today. Pet.
Noon_ 80 Midnight- 79
4 p.m_ 74 8 a m-—- 86
8 p.m_ 78 I P m.-72
Record Temperatures This Year.
Highest, 96, on June 26.
Lowest, 21, on January 30.
High and Lew for Yesterday.
High. 76, at 5:55 p.m.
Low, 66. at 7:30 a m.
Tide Tables.
(Furnished by United Statee Coast and
Geodetic survey.)
Todav. Tomorrow
High _11:47 a.m. 12:22 am.
Low _ 6:14 a.m. 7:09 am.
High _ 12:39 p.m.
Low _ 6:47 p.m. 7:37 p.m.
The Sun and Mean.
Rises. Sets
Sun. today _ 5:45 8 38
Sun. tomorrow_ 6:46 8 38
Moon, today-11:22 a.m. -
Automobile lights must be turned nn
one-half hour after sunset.
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation in inches in the
Capital (current menth to date):
Month. 1948. Ayer. Record.
Sft -------- m If? II! $
t= to S:!o iHi $
ft? :::::::::a: 48 ttf IKS |
August -::::". t-21 ii-ll If
g£*£&r .:r Ul ?:S6 •§?
Temperature, in VaHou. Citlev
High. Low. Hlgh_Low.
Albuquerque 93 68 Miami --- g • <7
Atlanta 91 71 Milwaukee _ 76 6*
Atlantic City 72 68 New Orleans 94 .6
Bismarck— 99 66 New York.. .9 64
Boston_ 70 61 Norfolk 76 73
Buffalo_ 87 68 Oklahoma C. 91 70
Chicago — »• 67 Omaha-87 76
Cincinnati... 87 73 Phoenix 103 73
Detroit_ 90 71 Pittsburgh - 80 96
El Paso_ 87 69 St. Louu ... 94 71
Oalveston - 90 78 Sait Lake C. 80 69
Harrisburg . 72 64 San Antonio 9- 73
Indianapolis 87 72 San Fr'cisco 86 4,
Kansas City 95 76 Seattle- 64 45
Lo* Angeles. 78 67 Tamp*-88 < <
Louisville— 91 71
&o the Manner Born i
' I
:
:
?
:
\
Congress in Brief
Sy tfcs Ausckrtad Prui
Senate:
Starts final labor bill voting.
Expenditures Committee hears
former President Hoover discuss
Government reorganization plans.
Armed Services Committee
works behind closed doors on
<>300.000,000 military pay bill.
Appropriations Committee con
tinues hearings on foreign aid
funds.
House:
Considers miscellaneous bills.
Armed Services Committee con
siders new unification bill.
Foreign Affairs Committee
hears Gen. Chennault on aid to
China.
Rules Committee takes up Anti
Poll Tax Bill.
Un-American Activities Com
mittee continues investigation of
communism in Nation’s Capital.
Soviet Forced West
To Retreat at Paris,
Vishinsky Declares
ly th# Aftftoooted Pr#*»
LONDON, June 30. — Soviet
Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishin
sky disagreed sharply today with
Secretary o f State Acheson's
analysis of the Paris Big Four
meeting and declared Russian
firmness forced a Western re
treat
Mr. Vishinsky said the agree
ments reached at Paris differed
"seriously” from the original pro
posals put forward by Britain,
France and the United States.
On the other hand, he added,
after careful reading of the com
munique issued by the Big Four,
"it is not difficult to see * * * the
basic ideas of the proposals sub
mitted by the Soviet delegation in
the Council of Foreign Ministers
during the very first days of its
work.”
In a 4,200-word statement dis
tributed in London through the
official Soviet news agency, Mr.
Vishinsky differed with the Sec
retary of State on the progress
of the Marshall Plan and whether
I it was Russia or the West who
| wanted to give the Germans more
| freedom.
Mr. Acheson told a Washington
news conference after his return
from Paris that Russia had been
put on the defensive in the strug
gle for Europe and was afraid to
relax it* iron grip on Eastern
Germany because they knew they
would no longer be able to con
trol the German people if they
did so.
Mr. Acheson said the reason for
the strength of the West in the
Paris sessions was “the progress
that ha* been achieved to the res
toration of Western Europe.”
Mr. Vishinsky. taking a com
pletely opposite view, said:
“I think that precisely the fail
ures of the Marshall Plan should
be regarded as one of the reasons
for the departure of the three
(Western) Ministers at the Paris
session from their original so
called "firm policy.”.
The Soviet leader said the Paris
{Conference canW about because of
'mutual concessions over Berlin by
East and West, and added:
“I think that in the future, too.
it will be necessary to make cer
tain mutual concessions compat
ible with the principles of the
Potsdam agreement.”
Mr. Acheson had said at Paris
that the United States wanted to
make a new start, rather than go
back to the Potsdam agreement,
because conditions in Germany
had changed, greatly since that
agreement was negotiated.
2 House Republicans
Fight Move to Ask
Truman to Cut Funds
House Republicans wdo wan*.
President Truman to cut Govern
ment spending because Congress
failed * ran into unexpected op
position today within their own
ranks.
Two Republican members of
the Appropriations Commir.ee
announced their refusal to sign
a petition indorsing the proposal
—thus apparently checking the
momentum of a plan already
supported by 61 members of Use
Senate.
The proposal would be in the
form of a resolution directing
Mr. Truman to chop Government
spending from 5 to 10 per cent
‘Passing the buck'” snapped
Representative Case, Republican
of South Dakota.
Passage of such a resolution.
Mr. Case said, would be bad
precedent and bad legislation"
and would amount to abandoning
Congress traditional control over
the Federal purse strings
Instead of asking the President
to do the cutting. Mr. Case said,
the House should resist Senate in
creases in House-passed appro
priation bills.
So far this year, the Senate has
increased almost every money bill
passed by the House—and the
I House has followed the customary
procedure of splitting the differ
ence
Representative Phillips of Cali
fornia, a high-ranking Repub
lican on the Appropriations Com
mittee, announced that he. too,
had refused to sign the petition
for a presidential cut. Like' Mr.
Case, he took the position that
the responsibility for appropriat
ing money rests with Congress
House Minority Leader Martin
introduced the latest resolution
calling on the President to cut
spending.
He said he did it because "Con
gress failed and there la no alter
I native in this case but to direct
the man who sponsored the huge
budget—the Piesident—to trim
expenditures ”
"Congress should have done the
pruning." Mr. Martin said.
The let - the - President - do - it
resolution is being sponsored in
the Senate by Senator McClel
lan. Democrat, of Arkansas with
strong bipartisan support.
Senator McClellan claims that
If given the chance he could pro
duce 64 votes for the plan—two
thirds of the Senate and three
more than have signed the peti
tion.
Meanwhile, a Senate Rules sub
committee came up with a new
economy idea. It proposed that
; Congress give the President
authority to "impound,” or with
hold, any money he feels cannot
be spent in the public interest.
This would give Mr. Truman wide
discretion on cutting or not cut
ting money outlays
Bear Hunt Organized
Near Philadelphia
ly Aitociattd Prxt
CONSHOHOCKEN, Pa.. June
30.—There's a bear hunt on today
in the woods of Montgomery
County, only 15 miles from Phila
delphia. •
Thomas Efe 8mith of West Con
shohocken and Stanley Marcoski.
a farmer, told Game Warden
George Freas they saw a black
bear of "aw’ful size.”
Mr. Freas said it was the first
bear reported in the county in 12
years. He organized a search
party. ^ _
1 Correction
In an account of the arrest
of five persons on counterfeit
ing charges carried in The
Star yesterday, the addresses
of two of the men involved
were erroneous.
i The Star listed the two,
Eugene H. Creighton. 25, and
Walter W. Kid well. 30, as liv
I lng at 1300 Delafleld place
; N.W. Official Treasury De
; partment papers give their ad
| dress as 1315 Delafleld place
! N.W.
FRIDAY AND SATURDAY ONLY!
Men's All-Wool
Tropical Worsteds
And Notionolly Famous Wrinklo-Rosistant Suits
Were
$31.85 to
$36.85
NOT just a name summer suit but genuine all-wool Tropi
cal Worsted and wrinkle-resistant suits—all extraordinary
values at their regular prices of $31.85 to $36.85—all
sensational values at $19.85. Tailored like heavier spring
< and fall suits ... broken lots ... not all sizes in every style
but a fine selection.
Bill CLOTHES
910 F STREET j
The Federal Spotlight
New Round of Job Downgradings
Begins in Government Agencies
If Joseph Y 0*1*9
Federal acenctea have b*rur. another round cf >ob Ac*a*-«u. cu ».
with empkoe* as the knw trade* the harAeat hat
The dowTseradas** are not or. a * sdespreaA mrmlt a* ret but the*
cook! become more vneui J aceooe* ate forced us take **•.*•* fc-u
cut*.
In some tnsuuaeea, eat; a>r* have been do* acraAed by fc**r trade*
—and mostly they are moom
sjuarsed worker*, who east afford
to take such cut* m then pay.
It s rather seldom in Govern
ment for any
body tn the up
per bracket* to
be downgraded.
Most of the
time its the
littlefeliow who
gets hurt when
economy meas
ure* are taker.
• • • •
PERMANENT
GROt'P — The
Natl onal A »
s o c 1 a 11 o n of
Federal Career
Employea. which *•••** i«m
was formed recently to try to
save the job# of non veteran ca
reerist* who faced loss of their
sobs. has decided to become a
permanent organization
It plans to open national head
quarters here soon and hold its
first convention In October Its
local chapter is the Federal Career
Employes Association of Wash
ington The new group will con
centrate US activities on behalf
of career employes and the pro
tection of the merit system
• • • •
FAMILIAR PROBLEM -The
new six-man Commission on
Renovation of the White House is
house-hunting itself It is seeking
office space to house its members
and the small office staff that will
be needed
• • • •
GREEN LIGHT—After months
of delay, the House Rules Commit
tee has finally granted a rule to
the top-bracket Government pay
bill.
This means the measure now
can come up for House action.
Only last week President Truman
was sharply critical of the lack
of action on the bill
• • • •
PAY—Its pretty definite now
that the House Civil Service Sub
committee on rank-and-file Fed
eral pay legislation will not be
able to complete action In time
for Congress to do anything be
fore it goes home.
Employe leadeig appear re
signed to the fact and are con
centrating their efforts now to
get reclassification legislation as
far advanced as possible so that
th* way can be ■ftoothed *cc ar
loom, by Csngtewa r. xt year
Chairman Mxerrav made it pg*u
yesterday that he a dead »*
ags.nst any Rat jSwy bowl a:.,
that the or.ly kind of a t : <
favor* t* a reelaasihrwtxvn mra
ur* without any pay r*»«ei a
cept thoae of the token »ar.«;>
In fact. Mr Murray, who t* a
Democrat poivd she reev • r *••
the Wth Repuhl’can Congb*** u
regard to lav! year ' Fedr; .-.
ran* He declared that ti e p*-t
Congers* Was "fab and Lbr;*
to Federal employes IT..* a.
hotly disputed by Rrpreeenut t
Miller Democrat, of OaiiRvi.-.a
one of the top members of the
committee Ms. Miller. however
is not a member of the pay sut
committee and made his vte**
known m the role of a witne.v
• • • •
INTERNAL REA LM t H u*
Senate conferees have agreed on
the hiring of « ?S0 additional In
temal Revenue Bureau agents by
the end of June SO lb50
Tin* mask* a compromise be
tween the original measure of the
Senate which called for the hiring
of 7 000 more agent* and tise
House version which provided for
only 1.500 additional agent*
• • • •
CAPITAL ROl'Nill P — Civil
Service Commissioner Jaroe*
Mitchell U in Denver tht* wees to
attend a conference of administra
tors being held by the University
of Denver He 11 return to Wash
ington neat week . . , Luther C
Steward, president of the National
Federation of Federal Employe*
has been asked by defense official*
to help set up a civil service system
for Oermany Mr Steward now u
in Japan to aid Oen Mac Art hut
in the creation of a civs! service
system there and from there he *
expected to fly to Oermany Dr
Louis C McCabe will rejoin the
staff of the Bureau of Mines here
next month as chief of tu air and
stream pollution research Cash
aw ards for meritorious suggestions
have been presented to Milton E
Harris. Rostov E Pratt and Quen
tin C Stephenson of the Govern
ment Printing Office .. Two long
time career officials of the Bureau
of Internal Revenue will retire this
week. They are Murray F Snider
head of the miscellaneous division
of the miscellaneous tax unit, and
Ellis W. Manning, head of the tn
80 West Reich Trucks
Reported Barred from
Berlin by Russians
«** «r*M -.-*•*
WtRITV Juft# S iW-au; po
.K* lo*£*y reject** that Aesirl
bcSit mw l.a>* :*rww*a4 W jet
* Wen", uw:tK*r.;, Us*'* cw * w» rr,
’.f lie .3 ttt Ut» [Wit }« *<*krw. Is
c*U** af Ir-wfu.ia.'ft.ja* .»
V.-eir Ut<e paper*
The Ru»*l*aa Jv * e*e • hpt M
complete’, y atopp*d sac ■ mm*
if uca* Ae««r*i dm*?. *wr* a ..owed
’->■ *-* • tough t.*\u mottling
The Kiuuid (.»igw\ *.:.»•
; • ... se > -esi» •*. * is i s:
fuse urwSemmu. it* mar,,.*
•Me* »w put on lie u*tt. ...-*
->ee» w’sers tJ-*« c--*mcs4 mu if #
wt won* at Heim;
lire B '.ltd', ms i *: * t ' e .me l
went • tmaw: s'*...*, n v .#
He .r, t» a: .1* ' i' e. i . ’ <,
*r Mutate l’«e new «a.» pr. m#
Cft* » MaUMt«e today
The B: ;U*h anncuncetf u#
Russian# had wired 51 uu.u at
the checkpoint kite ye# enoay r».
cot ted them u* a mtutary he*,* -
quarter* in the Bet.® *ufeu-t\
Pankow and unloaded the ra-fo**.
mostly pettahahie fruit* vege
table* an-t ftwh
'The Russian* then r»leased t ’•
d:ner* and the.it empty »echic>e».
Sinng them receipt* for the «$»
tamed load*
The *0 halted truck* were ad*
*used by b» > (*t guard* to <>m* n
* cleat ance *i« nature a*, ti #
Sen»et Kommanrtatura at Paknow
after ‘ Uwo would twwal.cwed
to proceed to Berlin
A BtlUfkii official a*:d on# truck
already had compiled and had
been allowed to comp-ete tta
tournee to the city
The British arte no! yet ab.t to
determine how long th# ftuaaian*
intended to hold Ur# cargo*# they
conhacated ye*terday
West Berlin * tall ay*tem t*
still idle bat the Russian directed
Retchkbahn aald St hoped to re
*ume *en tee tomorrow
Areheologwt# hav* found re
main* tn K«naa* which indicate
that three and four toed horwe* no
larrei than a f«* terrier one#
made that part of th# count.'»
thetr habitat
terpreiathe dn talon of ih# thief
counsel * office Both hav* had
ouuiandmg career#
Re rare fo luten In Sundays
af 11 IS am oner WM4L The
Star station, tor Jo#ej*k Young $
hroadraif ie'«e* of Ike Te4e*o'
Spotlight, featuring atltfif tonal
newt and wm of the Ome<*
ment #ertfre >
A Special Sale!
0
A SELECTED GROUP OF MEN'S FINE QUALITY
Tropical Worsted &
Gabardine Suits
for Friday A Saturday
$65 SUITS- —>«Jtoo S)$«SO
$ss suits..j»ow S44.S0
$65 A $75 SUITS...—now $59.50
, $125 A $135 SUITS.now $94.30
$27.50 Point Booth Suits ..$If.7i
*>
All thet ore represented. Regulars, Shorts, Loop 6 Stouts
momomrnm ,
SALE of Mims Jedtorod Settn
Him Woolon*, Qobordinot, HomsoIb, Royont 4 tlmm
j :4 -C *•
Lewis & Thos Sdltz
1409 G Streets N. W.
Executive 434$

vet (•■••(<*4 • i*fc Salt* •»#*. !#«•

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