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Lack of Religion
Underlies Russia's Duplicity Strategy Supremacy of the State Is Substituted for Morality as Guide By Comtantino Brown It is a source of constant wonder and amazement to the layman, not highly versed in the Intricate ide ological bases of communism, how a nation like Russia—powerful, and responsible for the future of nearly 200,000,000 Russians as well as more than 100,000,000 satellite peoples—can carry on its political life with such crass dis regard for moral obligations, to say nothing of its pledged word. The answer goes deeply into the tlieoretical foundations of the movement which stems from Marx and Engels and their so cialistic writing in the last cen tury. Basic behind the Soviet Un ion’s unconcern for its obligations is the total absence of any religious element in the ideology of commu nism. Founded as it is on a total lack of religious character—which is so deeply present in our demo cratic form of life—communism of necessity has made religion its enemy and is committed to a struggle to the death against this pjJJar of strength of true democ racy. JJot only the Christian religion but Judaism. Islam and nearly other form of religious wor contains somewhere in it the of morality and ethics. These two phases of restraint on human behavior^ are the foundation stones on which civilization has been built, and even the Russians will see, if they examine their history, that it was the church, with its code of behavior toward persons and institutions, which brought Russia out of the dark ness of barbarism to the light of civilized life. Only Loyalty Is to 8tate. In communism, however, mor ality and ethics are non-existent as we know them. There is no such thing as obligation to live a good Christian or a good Jew ish life. The only obligation is to live a good Communist life, and that kind of existence not only countenances but encourages every form of betrayal of one’s fellow beings to the state. The only loyalty in communism Is to the state, and the only ob ligation anyone has in the Com munist state is toward the state. If one is a good provider for his family and a good parent to his children it is because he is loyal to the state. If he is loyal to the state it is not because he is heeding the injunction "Render unto Caesar that which is Cae sar,’f.” but because the state im poses its will on him by force or threats of force, and he fears that force. In other words, the state in tha. Communist world has taken the place of Qod in the non-Com munist world. What are the implications in Russia’s international conduct of this great underlying character istic of communism? We know that Communists are taught to lie, to cheat and to use every kind of base behavior in doing the work of the party and the state. We know that they have done all these things and freely admit them. West Coldly Skeptical. Because a nation’s International conduct is no more than a re flection of the composite character of its people and leaders, this same lack of principle inevitably dominates Russia’s relations with other nations. We have seen throughout the history of West ern relations with Soviet com munism that the signed treaty or pledged word have no binding force on the Soviet masters when they are in pursuit of their ob jectives, which are expansion of Soviet power to cover the world. That is why in the recent dis cussions of the Berlin blockade and the future of Germany, West ern leaders adopted a wait-and cee K attitude toward the Soviet Union’s professions of intention to get along with its wartime allies. That is why it was de manded that Russia give deeds, not words, as evidence of its good faith. The Russians may wonder over thif cold skepticism of the West toward their overtures, but to find tbc answer they do not have to lodk farther than their own faith —-Communism. This lack of religion, morality and ethics in the Soviet system U the fatal defect which in the end will destroy it Just as surely as Nazi Germany’s duplicity de-i stroyed it._ New Oil Deposits Found in Austria The oil stratum of new petro leum deposits recently reported in th4 area of Matsen in Soviet occupied Marchfeld, Lower Aus tria, is so rich that it should yield more than 100 tons a day before lonir, according to technicians. ' Analyses indicate it is on a par with Austria’s best, it is said. ^CiOH TRANSFER ft STORAGE CO. WO Nn Toik An. N.W. NA. HAD hint PacMaa O V A S>MCI ALTY ggsss "Ottr tt Ttan at Quality tartlet" STORAGE • Household Goods LOW RATES—ESTIMATES : vcU Modem Fireproof Warehouses ‘ Merchants 1 t"funster & Storage Co. no E N.W. NA. 6900 Fourth of July Thought Tories of Every Age in American History Afraid of Too Much Democracy By Thomas L. Stokes Perhaps a subject worthy of a bit of contemplation today is the present status of civil lib erties that we acquire along with our freedom as an Independent nation. The battle to preserve them gets mixed up today, as it has all through our history, with the battle of the forces of econ omic privilege against real democracy. The former — Tories they called them In 1776— Tt>«n». l. stoke, recurrently build up scarecrows, when their special privileges are threatened, to try to frighten officials against passing laws In the Interest of the public and to stop too much free talk and free thinking, which means, of course, our civil liberties. The Tories of that other age were afraid of too much democ racy. So are the Tories of today. Soon Had Successors. The most influential Tories of the Revolutionary era fled the country. But they soon had their successors who. In the early days of jour struggling democracy, got terribly wrought up by the French Revolution and, In 1790 in the John Adams administration, got the Alien and Sedition Laws on the books to protect our folks against infiltration of "French ideas’’ and threw into jail editors and others who spoke out. We survived that. After the first World War there was another foreign "Idea” ready for exploitation—the Russian revolution and communism. And, sure enough, the Tories of that day moved in, according to sched ule, waving before them the fiend ish figure of the "Bolshevik,” with his whiskers and the sizzling bomb in his elaw fingers. There were the "Red raids" of the early post war period ordered by a panicky Attorney General. Also, there was the Ku Klux Klan, which spread from the 8outh eventually Into national politics. We survived that, too. The second World War brought another repeat performance — more "communism” scares, more Ku Klux Klan. The hooded order seems localized in the South thus far, and decent people and offi cials seem aroused to squelch it there before It spreads. But the communism fright is much worse this time than before. Then the vigilante forces were open, noisy, blatant and rough. This is more Insidious, like a paralysis creeping into men’s minds, and the alien and sedition laws are moving forward in Con gress, potent enough to restrict our liberties and invade our pri vate lives. People’s Instinct Sore. When the 1946 Congressional elections came around the Tories whipped up communism into a frenzied issue to win the election and thus assure the end of reform threats. President Truman lost the election. That seemed a sure sign that he would lose the White House in 1948. The people re fused to swallow the scare stories in the 1948 campaign. Their in stinct was sure, as always in the final test. Inauguration of the “Pair Deal” with his second term aroused the President’s enemies to another frenzy. We are in the midst of that, with the ghastly circus whirling to a climax in a proposed investigation of text books by the Un-American Activities Commit tee, which comes dangerously close to the Nazism that we fought only so recently. This is a good day to re-assert ourselves lor our basic freedoms. (Copyright, 1949. by United Future Syndicete, Inc.) ■ Flavor of the Month I Fresh PEACH I ICE CREAM in the I NEW BULK PACK PINT I I ■ —— — s ---- THE SECOND NATIONAL BANK OF WASHINGTON i . 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Baruch-Truman Dispute Seen Based On Whether Hill Draft Was a Plan By Doris Fleeson It Is perhaps possible to prove that President Truman and Ber nard M. Baruch both are right in their dispute c National Secur ity Resources Board submit ted a war mobi lization plan to the White House which the Pres ident rejected. Arthur M.' Hill, the board’s former chair man, did hand to Dr. John R. Steelman, pres idential assist ant, certain pro posals which Dori* rw>B were designed to make the board a co-ordinator of military and In dustrial policy in time of peace as well as war. The White House states that these did not consti tute a war mobilization plan, were not approved by the seven Cabinet members who are on the board and were neither formally re ceived nor disapproved by the President. Mr. Baruch obviously feels the Hill draft did constitute a war mobilization plan. He also says that all but one board member concurred In It and that Mr. Hill received a letter from Dr. Steel man announcing the President’s disapproval. Mr. Baruch has a notoriously good memory. He also has had long close personal rela tions with Mr. Hill and Ferdinand Eberstadt, Who helped frame the Hill proposals” and who seems to be the chief unofficial military ex pert In these parts. To Decide Boas ot Next War. Noticeably Mr. Hill keeps quiet. Probably he realizes that he was caught In the middle of a struggle for tremendous power In the event of war. Last year that struggle was the more acute because war seemed more Imminent. A resources board mobilization plan. If and when approved by the President, will In effect decide who’s boss of the next war. It needs only the vaguest recollec tions of the bitter civilian versus military battles In the last War Production Board—In one of which Mr. Eberstadt lost out to Donald Nelson—to realize all that is at stake. When President Truman first began really to take a good look at his responsibilities, he found the board housed in the Pentagon and playing, he thought, footsie with the military. As Congress had established it as a presi dential arm, requiring it to report only to the President, Mr. Tru man promptly removed it to the old State building across the street from him, and in other ways as serted his influence over it. Later he accepted Mr. Hill’s resignation and put Dr. Steelman in charge. After that came his fruitless attempt to make his old pal, Mon Wallgren, chairman. Supervised by Stowe. The board is now functioning under the supervision of David Stowe, an administrative assist ant to the President, with some tactful chaperonage by Sidney Souers, the Truman Intimate who is secretary of the National Se curity Council and the Presi dent’s top military adviser. There are political overtones to the current quarrel. The White House is beginning to get a little tired of Mr. Eberstadt, who has been allowed to conduct for the reorganisation commission the postmortems on his own earlier unification plan which has not worked well. They also question the propriety of what they term Mr. Baruch’s political attack on the President at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. Noting that Gen. Elsenhower was prominently present, they are ask ing if the Eisenhower in ’82 boom is starting. The President firmly Intends to keep war policy under civilian Winslow's Outside Point, QUALITY ot o Pries! Cm this dependable paint to beautify and protect your home. It win *ati«fy you! Check these features: i ■ Good severing and -STdeTf^rYun seed all, lead, rine and Tltaaea. . —Formulated fast right to pot a smile of beauty, an year house and keen It there a long time. —Made in white aad a wide range of popular cetera. $4*35 Gal. 8 gallons or more—special price. Takema Paint * Hardware Co. ■dyer.Spring.Print.dMBardwarc Co. Ave.mNA.8610 •pea Hoa. Hn Pat. 1 AM. to UN PJL control. But It is still true that the resources board needs a good chairman. And it is hardly sur prising that Mr. Baruch, who helped mobilize a lagging America for two wars, is demanding better planning for the future. McLemore— 'Wrinkle Resistant' Found Empty Boast By Henry McLemore Notes scribbled on a skyrocket that wouldn't go off: Has there ever been a newspaper columnist who, In realizing that he was writing a col umn that would appear on a holiday, didn’t say something like this to himself? "111 kick this one out sorta quick. After all, it’s for a holi day, half the papers won’t be publishing, and people aren’t going to be reading much, **nrT *cL«“8r» anyway.” I guess there are some noble souls In the columnist bus iness who never allowed them selves to think along such wicked lines, but they have yet to swim Into my ken .... Just what do clothing manu facturers mean by a “wrinkle re sistant” lult? I have one, and the more I study it the more puzzled I become. I have another suit, one that has never claimed to despise wrinkles, never boasted about resisting wrinkles with every ounce of strength it has in coat, pants and vest, yet it doesn’t wrinkle half as badly as the one whose makers Intimate that it will go down swinging before al lowing a wrinkle to gain a foot hold. What’s a “Summer Cold?” I suggest clothiers create a suit which is friendly to wrinkles. Then perhaps the wrinkles, know ing they are not being bullied, and can drop over and borrow a cup of sugar or the lawn mower without meeting stiff resistance, will co-operate in keeping the press in the suit .... What is the difference between a “summer” cold and any other kind of cold? There must be a difference, because half the people I know now are speaking of their “summer” colds, and I never heard them so specific about their colds before. I can’t remember anyone ever saying to me that he had a spring cold, or an Indian Sum mer cold, or an autumn cold, or a winter cold. Externally, 'summer colds are the same as all others. Sniffles, sneezes, stuffiness, and all the other discomforts. Just like to know, in case I catch one .... With the vast brain which I have at my disposal I am usually able to figure out almost anything, but the problem of why prizefight champions attach such great im portance to retiring undefeated has me stumped. Consider the case of Joe Louis, of whom you might have heard at one time or another. Joe, as one of the pro moters of the Charles-Walcott al fresco fiasco, shared in the $45,000 the promoters cut up, getting, I would guess, no more than $20,000 if that. He could have fought Charles and made more than that in the time the referee was giving them pre-battle instructions. Even if he had been beaten (which is as unlikely as Grandma Moses taking the middleweight title from Jake La Motta) ha would have made enough of tha beautiful little green rugs to keep our new treasurer, Mrs. Georgia Clark, signing her name for a week. My guess Is that Joe will sea the light before too many months pass and be back in there for a shot at Charles, who, by the way, fights as if he were an amber light. Mighty cautious, I mean. Think of all the ants who’ll go to bed tonight with indigestion from eating peanut butter sand wiches and deviled eggs. Bet that many of them are sorry that Cornwallis didn’t win, or that George Washington was ever bom. (Distributed by McNauaht Syndicate, toe.) WATCH AND JEWELRY REPAIRING All work done on our premises by expert workmen, noted for de pendable service. Reasonable Prices Kahn-Oppenheimer INC. 917 F St. N.W. Jewelers for Over SO Years Open Saturday! LEWIS & THOS. SALTZ...1409 G Street, N. 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