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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 05, 1949, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Mostly sunny, high in middle 90s today.
Possible shower. Warm tonight: low to
morrow morning 73. Tomorrow fair, high
in upper 80s. (Pull report on Page A-2.)
Midnight, 79 6 a.m. —76 11 a.m. —88
2 a.m. -..78 8 a.m. -„77 Noon-92
4 a.m. --.77 10 a.m. „:83 1 p.m. — 93
Lote New York Morketi, Pag* A-17.
Guide for Readers
r act
After Dark-B-14
Amusements __B-11
Comics_B-18-19
Editorial_A-10
Edifial Articles A-ll
Finance -A-17
Pat*
Lost and Found-A-3
Obituary-A-12
Radio _B-19
Sports_A-13-15
Women's
Section_B-S-S
An Associated Press Newspaper
97th Year. No. 181.
Phone ST. 5000
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, JULY 5, 3949-THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES.
City Bom* Delivery. Daily and 8unday, *1.20 a Month, when ft
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5 CENTS
Connally Warns
On Reds as Pact
Debate Opens
Says Nations Must
Not Show Weakness;
Early Approval Seen
By J. A. O'Leary
Chairman Connally of the Sen
ate Foreign Relations Committee
opened Senate debate on the
North Atlantic defense pact today
with a warning that any show of
weakness by the democracies now
would be exploited by Russia and
would “broaden the chasm” be
tween East and West.
Senator Connally said recent
developments, including the Paris
meeting of the Council of Foreign
Ministers, “convince me that our
present foreign policy is based on
sound principles.”
“The Soviet Union understands
firmness,” said the Texan. “They
understand what we mean when
we say with conviction that we’re
going to stand on what is right
and just.”
Action in Week or 10 Days.
As he spoke, all signs pointed to
swift and overwhelming approval
of the treaty, in which the United
States, Canada and 10 nations of
Western Europe, promise to stand
together for their mutual defense
against any aggressor.
Some observers believe the de-,
bate may last only a week or 10
days, with only 10 or 12 negative
votes. That would mean ratifi
cation by well over the required
two-thirds.
After emphasizing that this
treaty is not an old-fashioned
military alliance against any par
ticular country, Senator Connally
said:
“If the Soviet Union really be
lieves the pact is aimed at her,
then I suggest that she demon
strate her peaceful intentions and
embrace a policy of full co-opera
tion with the North Atlantic coun
tries within the framework of the:
United Nations.”
Vandenberg Also to Speak.
Earlier the Senator from Texas
had pointed out that no person in
this country fears “our laws
against burglary unless he Is a
burglar or is getting ready to com
mit burglary.” Then he added:
“By the same token, no State
need fear this treaty unless it is
planinng an aggressive act or has
aggressive designs in its heart. As
Secretary of State Acheson re
minded us in the hearings, ‘The
guilty flee when no man pur
sueth.’ ”
Senator Vandenberg of Michi
gan, leading Republican spokes
man on foreign affairs, will take
the floor late today to speak in
favor of the treaty. He played
a prominent role in developing
the present bipartisan foreign
policy.
Before the debate got under
way, Senator Watkins, Republican,
of Utah, most outspoken critic
of the treaty, conceded “the
• treaty is pretty well sold to the
Senate already.” He does rot
plan to wage a long fight. Al
though Senator Donnell, Repub
lican, of Missouri joined Senator
Watkins in asking many search
ing questions during committee
hearings, the Missouri Republican
has not said how he will vote on
ratification.
Arms Program Is Next.
The $1,130,000,000 arms pro
gram to help other signers of the
pact to strengthen their defenses
is expected to prove more contro
versial than the treaty itself. It
will be presented after ratifica
tion. While the treaty requires
action only by the Senate, the
arms program-ybeing legislation—
must go through both houses.
Minority Leader Wherry told a
reporter as the debate started
that it will not last “very long” if
those in charge of the treaty can
convince the Senate that the
treaty and the arms program for
(Continued on Page A-4. Col. 5.)
92 Thames Ships Idle
As Dock Strike Grows
ly tht Associated Prost
LONDON, July 5.—A spreading
Thames dock strike held 92 ships
Idle at their berths today.
The National Dock Labor Board
said the number of men taking
part in the unofficial stoppage had
reached 8,484.
This was an increase of 148
over the number who stayed away
from work yesterday in sympathy
with a striking Canadian Sea
men's Union.
The board made no move to
accept an offer by the men to re
sume unloading all except the two
Canadian ships whose arrival
touched off the walkout. The
board has insisted the Canadian
cargoes must be handled.
Meanwhile Labor Minister
George Isaacs called officials of
four railway unions and the state
owned lines together for renewed
talks on wage demands by the
workers.
The unions want an increase
ft 10 shillings (|2) a week for
160,000 workers and are threat
ening a nation-wide slowdown if
they do not get it. ,
Mr. Isaacs said yesterday that
the dock strike was the result of
^Communist maneuver. i
Truman Sees Congress Chiefs
On Nation's Economic Problems
No Decision Reported on Asking Higher Taxes;
Message May Be Submitted by Week End
President Truman talked over
the general economic aituatioh
and the Government’s financial
position with his congressional
leaders today. The leaders re
ported no decision has been
reached on whether he will ask
Congress again for new taxes.
Mr..Truman is working en a
special economic message to the
legislators. It Is widely expected
to carry recommendations for
programs to meet the declining
price and employment situation.
Charles Ross, the presidential
press secretary, said the message
probably will go to the Capitol
early next week, but that there is
a chance the President will send
it to Congress by the week end.
Indicating the importance Mr.
Truman attaches to the message.
Mr. Ross skid the President spent
many hours working on rough
drafts during his week-end Po
tomas River-Chesapeake Bay
Cruise. Mr. Ross said there is “a
great deal of work” still to be
done on it.
The message is expected to be
Mr. Truman’s most important
pronouncement in the field of
domestic legislation since his
state-of-the-Union message *f
last January.
In January, Mr. Truman asked
for Anti-Inflation measures and
for $4,000,000,000 of new taxes.
Since then, the economic pic
~ (See ECONOMIC, Page A-6 >
Czechs Raise Charges
Of Nazi Collaboration
In Fight on Hierarchy
Beran's Imprisonment in
Occupation Ignored in
New Red Accusation
•y tht Auociatad Pr«i
PRAGUE, July 5.—Czechoslo
vakia’s Roman Catholic bishops
were accused today by a govern
ment official of having collab
orated with the Nazis during the
occupation.
This is one of the charges the
government apparently intends to
press against the church hierarchy
to break its resistance to Com
munist control. The Communist
regime claims that the church
leaders are “unpatriotic and wag
ing antistate activities" because
they refuse to negotiate a new
state-church accord on govern
ment terms.
The charge of collaboration
with the Nazis was made despite
the fact that the whole nation
knows that Archbishop Josef
Beran of Prague, the nation’s
primate and leader of the church
in its light with the government,
was a Nazi prisoner in dachau
concentration camp.
Monastery Founding Marked.
‘Qie collaboration charge against,
the Catholic leaders was made by
Prof. Laco Novomesky, commis
sioner of education for Slovakia.
He spoke at ceremonies com
memorating founding of the an
cient monastery at Devin, near
Bratislava. These ceremonies
were part of a long week end of
high religious holiday.
Novomesky said:
“The church dignitaries did not
only hold the thumbs to the
enemies of our people, the Nazis,
but they gripped them by the full
hand.”
(“Hold the thumbs” is a
Czech expression meaning to
support. To “grip by the full
hand” means outright and com
plete support.)
"After the liberation, we did
not persecute them for their mis
behavior,” Novomesky said. “We
did not use this issue at all. But
now we expect that they would
support their people.”
Bishops Held Unpatriotic.
Novomesky claimed the separa
tist government-sponsored Cath
olic Action was the true voice of
the Roman church and that the
bishops spoke only for the Vat
ican and were not patriotic.
“We welcome the voice of the
patriotic priests,” he said.
Novomesky was the first of sev
eral speakers at the Devin cere
monies.
On the Rostrum with him was a
big delegation of cabinet Ministers
—headed by Premier Antonin
Zapotocky and Foreign Minister
Vladimir Clementis—and repre
sentatives of the Soviet Union and
the Eastern “peoples democracies.”
Blistering Attacks Renewed.
Czechoslovakia’s Communist
rulers had renewed their blistering
attacks on the church during the
week end.
“Foreign reaction,” as well as
the Czech hierarchy, came in for
a share of abuse.
Speaking at Sazava, site of a
monastery in Bohemia, two cabi
net Ministers warned that "reac
tion” would be crushed just as it
was when the Communists took
rsee CZECH, Page A-4J
Late News
Bulletins'
Crabber Is Shot to Death
After Man Lands in Plane
CRISFIELD, Md. (A*).—Earl
Nelson, about 60, a former
chief of police here, was shot
to death in his crabbing boat
today after his boat was
boarded by a man from a plane
which landed by the vessel.
Calvin Marsh, who was fishing
nearby, said he heard a shot
and saw the man return to the
plane, bearing markings of the
Virginia Conservation Agency.
Another man remained in the
plane.
Woman Killed by Truck
A woman tentatively iden
tified as Mrs. S. Austin of Nor
folk, Va., was killed today
when she was struck by a
truck as she crossed the Wash
ing ton-Baltimore boulevard
at Berwyn in Prince Georges
county. She was about 30
years old.
Berlin Kommandatura
Revived by Deputy
Military Governors
/
Decision on Four-Power
Control Unit Announced
After 3-Hour Meeting
ly the Associated Press
BERLIN, July 5.—The old four
power Kommandatura, which
ruled Berlin until the Russians
walked out last spring, was re
vived today by the deputy military
governors.
The decision was announced 1
after a three-hour meeting of the
deputies in the Allied Control
Council building.
The Kommandatura was or
ganized in 1945 by the occupation
authorities to provide four-power
rule of the city of Berlin along
the same technical lines as the
four - power organization that
functioned for all of Germany.
Joint Communique Issued.
When the East-West disputes in
Germany reached their peak in
June, 1948, the Kommandatura
crumbled. After the Soviets lifted
their blockade the Russians met
several times with the Western
commandants, but each power
made it plain this was not a
revival of the old governing body.
The four deputies issued a joint
communique on the action, ex
plaining it was done to carry out
the directive of the Paris foreign
ministers conference.
The Paris meeting had urged
that the Big Four on the Berlin
level take measures to restore the
city to normal.
The job facing the new Kom
mandatura is complex. Since the
old body went out of existence,
Berlin went through an 11-month
blockade, the city split into Com
munist and anti - Communist
camps, two city governments
sprang up, and there were two
police forces, two judicial sys
tems, two currencies—in fact, two
separate economies.
Trade Conference Urged.
Meanwhile, the Soviet Zone
Economic Commission proposed
an East-West German conference
to develop domestic trade.
It sent a letter to Dr. Hermann
Punder, head of the Anglo-Amer
ican Zonal Economic Administra
tion, suggesting that leaders of the
two organizations confer together
in the near future.
Senate Turns Clock Backward
90 Years, Meets in Old Chamber
By Georg* Kennedy
The Senate of the United States,
which is free and easy in the mat
ter of time, today moved the legis
lative clock back 90 years by
meeting in the old Senate cham
ber which it abondoned in 1859
'because it had outgrown.lt.
The chamber, which housed the
Supreme Court until it got its own
building, was used again by the
Senate for a short time in 1940.
That was when supports for the
new roof of the present Senate
chamber were being installed.
This time, except for the hoped
for summer recess, they will be
there well into the winter while
a new roof is being built
Dr. Frederick Brown Harris,
chaplain of the Senate, reminded
*he Senators in his opening prayjjfc
that “these mellowed walls are
vocal this hour. They speak to
us of towering public servants
• * *. These great figures of our
yesterdays have entrusted to our
hands the flaming torch of free
dom once held by theirs.”
There is a chart on the wall of
the old chamber showing how the
Senate was seated In 1840. Today
Senator McCarran. Democrat, of
Nevada, sat in the seat of John
C. Calhoun. Senator Milllken,
Republican, of Colorado, who is
something of an orator, sat in
about the same position Daniel
Webster occupied *nd Senator
Donnell, Republican, of Missouri
was in the far right position used
by Henry Clay.
Vice President Barkley drew a
(See SENATE7 Page a*>
Hiss Trial Judge
SaysCaseWillGo
To Jury Thursday
One Defense Witness
to Be Heard Before
Arguments Start
BULLETIN
NEW YORK (Special*.—The
case of Alger Hiss will go to the
jury Thursday afternoon,
Judge Samuel H. Kaufman
announced today. He in
formed the jury the defense
will call one more witnesf to
morrow and immediately there
after will start its summation.
The Government will make its
final arguments Thursday and
the charge to the jury will be
given some time that after
noon, Judge Kaufman said.
By Newbold Noyes, Jr,,
and Robert K. Walsh
Star Staff Correspondents
NEW YORK, July 5 —The Gov
ernment closed Its case against
Alger Hiss today with a ‘final re
buttal witness whose testimony
tended to dispute a defense con
tention that a typewriter owned
by Mr. and Mrs. Hiss was given
away late in 1937 instead of 1938.
Defense attorneys called several
other rebuttal witnesses but ex
pected to conclude their presenta
tion in the perjury trial this after
noon. Closing arguments are
expected to take most of tomorrow
and Thursday.
The start of today’s session was
delayed almost an hour when tne
prosecution attempted in vain to
persuade Federal Judge Samuel
H. Kaufman to reverse his ruling
of last Friday that Mrs. Hede
Massing, former wife of Gerhard
Eisler, would not be allowed to
testify.
Judge Kaufman stood by his
ruling and also refused to permit
Assistant United States Attorney
Thomas F. Murphy to put William
Rosen on the stand today to tes
tify concerning a 1929 Ford road
ster that Mr. Hiss said he gave
to Whittaker Chambers, former
Communist courier, in 1935.
Refused to Answer Questions.
Mr. Rosen, formerly of Wash
ington, was convicted in Federal
Court here early this year and
sentenced to six months in jail
for refusal to answer questions
before the grand jury which last
December indicted Mr. Hi3s on
perjury charges.
The Rosen conviction later was
overturned by the United States
Court of Appeals. At the grand
jury session Mr. Rosen refused to
answer questions about the auto
mobile on the grounds of possible
self-incrimination.
Judge Kaufman explained that
his refusal to allow Mr. Rosen to
testify at this trial was for the
same reason as his refusal to per
mit Mrs. Massing to take the
stand. They were not proper wit
nesses because their testimony
would have been on a “collateral
matter,” he said.
Murphy Protests Ruling.
Mr. Murphy protested the
judge’s ruling and contended the
prosecution had a right to call
Mr. Rosen to prove he purchased
the Ford roadster from the Cher
ner Motor Co. in Washington
after it had been left there either
by Mr. Hiss or Mr. Chambers.
The final Government witness
was Walter M. Hebb, Washington
real estate man. He testified that
a first-floor room at 1526 K street
N.W. was leased May 1, 1938, to
a Woodstock typewriter repair
company. The company, however,
remained there only about 90 days
because the property was sold, he
added.
The defense brought out ear
lier in the trial that Mrs. Hiss
gave the old Woodstock type
writer to the sons of a former
maid in December, 1937, and that
they immediately thereafter
brought it to a repair shop on K
street near Connecticut avenue.
They testified they did not re
(See"HI8S~Page~A-6~>
Three Hurt in Resort Riot
After Youth Doffs Shirt
ly the Asiociatvd Pr«»
NEW YORK. July 5.—Two po
licemen were hurt, a girl was shot
and a riot call went out after a
youth peeled off his shirt and
strolled around a seaside resort
last night naked from the waist
up.
The two officers said they were
knocked to the ground and beaten
when they tried to arrest James
Gibbons, 19, for wearing no shirt
on the streets of Rockaway
Beach, Queens.
A crowd of about 500 persons
milled around during the inci
dent and a general riot alarm
went out from police head
quarters.
As the crowd closed in, one of
the officers drew his gun and fired
a warning.
The bullet struck Despenla
Metropole, 21, who was watching
the disturbance from a second
floor hotel room window. She was
taken to a hospital with a wound
in the left side of her face.
One of ihe policemen, William
F. McDonald, was taken to the
same hospital' with a fractured
left shoulder.
Six youths, all from 18 to 20,
were booked on charges of felon
ious assault in the case. I
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District to Take Over
Recreation Facilities
From Interior Soon
Board Drafts Argument,
Plans Talk With Krug
To Work Out Details
The District Recreation Board
agreed today to take over all rec
reation facilities operated here by
the Interior Department as rap
idly as arrangements can be
worked out, Chairman Harry S.
Wender said after a meeting of
board members this morning.
Six members of the board con
stituting its Bylaws Committee
met for more than three hours on
the proposal made by Interior
Secretary Krug Friday to transfer
Interior’s recreation facilities.
The Interior-Recreation De
partment move followed efforts
to end trouble at recreation spots
over varying policies over the
segregation issue at swimming
pools here.
Meeting With Krug Planned.
Mr. Wender said the arrange
ment with Mr. Krug was put in
writing today and would be sent
to the Interior Secretary. A con
ference with him will be held later.
Mr. Wender said he would forward
to Mr. Krug this afternoon a
statement of principles together
with proposals by the Recreation
Board regarding the transfer, of
facilities.
Mr. Wender added that agree
ment on principles and conditions
was unanimous by Recreation
Board members and that taking
over the facilities as rapidly as
possible will depend on the In
terior Department's commitments
already in effect and the board’s
willingness to assume the new
responsibilities.
Mr. Wender expressed confidence
that the transfer would be worked
out satisfactorily.
Other Board Members Named.
In addition to Mr. Wender, pres
ent at the meeting were James E.
Schwab, vice chairman of the
board and chairman of the By
laws Committee; Mrs. Alice C.
Hunter, Walter Fowler, Albert E.
Steinem and Irving C. Root of
the National Capital Parks, and
also a board member.
The Interior Department of
fered to relinquish control of its
facilities if the Recreation Board
would delete from its by-laws
the language setting up a segre
gated playground system. The
proposal came after a meeting
Friday between District officials
and Interior Secretary Krug. That
meeting was *an outgrowth of in
cidents at swimming pools last
week.
The Recreation Board already
had adopted a policy statement to
move toward an eventual end of
segregation “at such a rate of
progression as may be consistent
with the public interest, public
order 'and effective administra
tion."
Golf Courses Included.
Principal effects of the Interior
proposal would be to place six
swimming pools and live public
golf courses under the board’s
direction. The golf courses are
managed by 8. G. Leoffler, who is
(See RECREATION, Page A-4.)
Fire Chief Illustrates
Danger of Fireworks
At Cost of Bad Burn
ly »h» Associated Press
MURRAY, Utah., July 5.—
Chief Delbert Townsend, of
the volunteer fire department,
mindful of the daggers of
fireworks, confiscated a large
fire cracker yesterday.
Then he delivered a long
lecture to the small owner,
warning him of the dangers
of such playthings.
To illustrate his point about
what might have happened,
Chief Townsend.set a match
to the cracker.
His* illustration was a sue*
cess. He suffered a severe
bum on his right index finger.
1-——r-4
Heat Climbs Toward Mid-9 Os;
Some Relief Forecast Tomorrow
Temperature Touches 93 at 1 P.M.;
Hospitals Treat 4 Hurt by Fireworks
HOLIDAY ACCIDENTS Take 663
Lives, Greatest for Any July 4.
Page A-4.
Sweltering Washington went
back to work today, sunburned
and chigger-chewed from the long
Fourth of July holiday.
Highways from Maryland and
Virginia beach areas, planes,
trains and buses poured the work
ing populace back into the Dis
trict from late yesterday and
through dawn today. There were
no traffic fatalities in the District.
For the retum-to-work move
ment, the weather prediction holds
little relief, save for slight prom
ise of a brief shower late today.
The forecast is for a high tem
perature in the middle 90s today.
At 1 p.m., the temperature had
mounted to 93 degrees—plenty
hot, but still 8 degrees short of
the record of 101 for this date,
which was set in 1919.
Tomorrow is expected to be
slightly cooler with the maximum
in the high 80s.
Homecoming from the Annap
olis beach area was delayed about
five hours when the South River
drawbridge opened and then
stalled. Anne Arundel County po
lice re-routed traffic over the
bridge at Riva and over route 50
into Washington. ~
Despite yesterday’s steamy, 92
degree heat, no prostrations were
~(Scc~WEATHER. Page A-4~)~
43-Day Drought Loss
Placed at 50 Million
And Still Growing
Northeast Is Hard Hit
|
From Soathern Jersey
To Lower Maine
SEVEN DEAD in Wake of New
York Squall. Page A-6. |
ly the Associated Press
A scorching 43-day drought
apparently has killed or spoiled
more than $50,000,000 worth of
crops in the farmlands of eight
Northeastern States.
Moreover, farm experts warn,
the damage in the area's rich
fruit, vegetable and dairy regions
will soar to a vastly higher figure
if rains do not come in a few
i
days.
The parched region stretches
from Southern New Jersey's truck
crop areas up through the dairies
and farms of New York State, and
then fans out over almost all of
Southern New England.
The drought comes from a
sluggish high-pressure area that
resists potential rainstorms. Until
that high-pressure area is shoved
aside, the drought will continue.
New Jersey Loss Heavy.
New Jersey’s drought damage
has reached an estimated $28.
000,000. Loss in the potato crop
alone accounts for $4,500,000.
Prices of fruit and vegetables have
been climbing.
On Long Island, the big potato
crop has suffered $4,000,000 and
truck crops are severely damaged.
New York agricultural agents
estimates more than $1,000,000
loss of hay to dairy farmers in
Erie and Niagara Counties.
Strawberry growers in Erie
County, agricultural agents said,
will lose about a quarter-million
dollars worth of their fruit. Some
farmers, their wells dry, are haul
ing stream and lake water for
their dairy herds.
The Upper New York rainfall
(Sec~DROUOHT~Page A-4.)
Romanians Pay Tribute
To Dimitrov at Station
ly th» Auotiot«d Pr«M
BUCHAREST, Romania, July 5.
_Thousands of Romanian work
ers and peasants, along with mem
bers of the government, thronged
the station square in a hard rain
today to pay their last respects
to the late Georgi Dimitrov, Bul
garian Communist leader.
Dimitrov died Saturday in Mos
cow, where he had been under
treatment for a liver ailment.
Here in Romania his body was
transferred from the Russian
special train which brought it
from Moscow and transferred to
a Bulgarian special train.
Soviet Marshal Klementi Voro
shilov is accompanying the body
to Sofia. £
Most of Coal Miners
j
Return to Work on
Three-Day Schedule
Vacations of Supervisors
Keep Several Operations
Closed Temporarily
fty the Associated Press
PITTSBURGH, July 5.—Almost
all of the Nation's 480,000 hard
and soft coal miners returned to
the pits today without a contract
at the end of their annual paid
vacation.
The work resumption started the
first of an indefinite number of
three-day work weeks expressly
ordered by John L. Lewis for
miners east of the Mississippi. The
short work week order scrapped
the United Mine Workers’ long
standing “no contract, no work’’
policy.
The new plan will remain in
effect while negotiations between
the union and the operators con
tinue on a new contract to re
place the pact that expired last
Thursday.
7.000 Forced to Remain Idle.
At least 7,000 of the 55,000
Western Pennsylvania soft coal
diggers were forced to remain
idle. Several producers were un
able to resume production this
week because—anticipating a mine
shutdown under the old UMW
policy—they had given superin
tendents and other supervisory
personnel vacations. Some of
those mines’ key personnel was
scattered from California to Can
ada.
In other instances repair work
undertaken during the vacation
period has not been completed.
Many of the miners will be able
to work again by next Monday.
Mr. Lewis and the soft coal
operators resume talks next Tues
day to try and reach a new agree
ment. The mine contract ran out
June 30 while the miners were in
the midst of their vacation. Mr.
Lewis is set to confer with the
<See~COAL, Page A-6.)
D. C. Bank Deposits Drop
31 Million in 3 Months
Washington banks and trust
companies reported a decrease of
more than $31,000,000 in deposits
in the last three months, after a
call for condition announced today
by the Controller of Currency.
On June 30, the 19 institutions
had total deposits of $990,340,047.
The previous call on April 11,
showed $1,022,067,764 in deposits.
The National Bank of Washing
ton, which recently saw a change
in control, reported a gain of
nearly $10,000,000 in deposits.
Four banks had higher and 15
lower deposits than on April 11.
The deposit decline was ex
pected, heavy withdrawals for
second quarters taxes beng a vital
factor.
(Detaili in Financial Section.)
Police Seeking
Arson Clues in
$400,000 Fire
Lumber Yard Razed
At Silver Spring, 50
Firemen Injured
(Pictures on Page B-l.)
Police and firemen today
searched smoking ruins of a Sil
ver Spring lumberyard for evi
dence to support a theory that a
firebug set the $400,000 Fourth of
July blaze.
At least 50 firemen were over
come or injured in a futile at
tempt to save the block-squara
plant of the Silver Spring Build
ing Supply Co., Inc., one block
west of Georgia avenue at Ripley
street.
While two fire companies still
sprayed the blackened remains to
day, Joseph R. Griffin, company
president, announced plans to re
build the yard. He said recon
struction would take six weeks.
The firm was fully covered by in
surance.
Silver Spring Fire Chief John
A. Gilson, who estimated the
damage, said the State fire mar
shal might be called into a three
pronged investigation of possible
arson. Montgomery County De
tective Sergt. Carroll Miller went
over the scene today with a lire
underwriters’ association repre
sentative, while Silver Spring Fire
Marshal George Tavenner began
another investigation.
72 Pieces of Apparatus on Hand.
Attracted by 125-foot flames
seen for miles away, about 15,000
spectators braved the combined
summer and fire heat to watch
hundreds of firemen light against
tremendous odds.
Discovered at 5:28 p.m., the
community’s greatest conflagra
tion was under control two hours
later, but not before 72 pieces of
apparatus had gone into action.
Nineteen companies came from
Montgomery County, six from
Prince Georges and 10 pieces from
the District. Their combined
efforts failed to save five frame
warehouses, a brick mill house and
thousands of feet of lumber. The
firm’s offices, about a block away
at 1004 Ripley street, was not
damaged.
Much of the flre-flghting was
concentrated on nearby homes and
though some houses were evacu
ated and furniture removed as si
precautionary measure, all were
saved.
15 Doctors Assist Injured.
As firemen began dropping from
the dense smoke and intense heat,
about 15 county physicians and
staff doctors at the Bethesda Naval
Medical Center were summoned to
administer first aid. Women
served the firemen eoffee and
doughnuts and ice water.
Motorists returning from holi
day junkets saw smoke miles away.
One man reported seeing the heavy
pall in Frederick, 40 miles away.
The heavy holiday traffic waa
backed up for miles. No traflle
was permitted on Georgia avenue
between Colesville road and the
East-West Highway for nearly five
hours. All available county and
State police were summoned to
reroute the mass of vehicles.
The arson theory arose from
the fact that there were no shav
ings or electrical wiring in a mill
shed where the fire was believed
to have originated. The millshed
is open at two™ nds, but all other
buildings had been locked sine*
Saturday.
Among the families removing
their furniture were Mr. and Mrs.
John Stecklein, and their daugh
ter, Miss Ann Allder, 2.7, of 1106
Bonifant street.
49 of Injured Were Volunteers.
Occupying the same home were
Mr. and Mrs. Chris Kronebitter,
who were visiting a daughter, Mrs.
Edith Thompson, 9312 Glenville
road. Seeing the smoke, they
rushed back and helped neighbors
clear the furniture.
All except one of the injured or
overcome firemen were volunteers,
some of whom had departed hur
riedly from Independence Day
parades to fight fire in their dress
uniforms. All except 10 wera
taken to the Silver Spring fire
house in relays of six ambulances
and given first aid.
Ten were treated at Washing
ton Sanitarium. Treated for in
juries were Hans Peppel and Wil
liam Flagg, Takoma Park Volun
teer Fire Department; William
Ward, Silver Spring Department;
Stephen La Scola, Naval Ordnance
Laboratory Fire Department, and
Edward Dobbs of Brentwood Vol
unteer Fire Department.
At the Silver Spring firehouse
Chief Edward J. Sackett of the
Chevy Chase Department waa
treated for smoke inhalation; Wil
liam Weaver of the same company
for facial burns and Peter Stew
art. Silver Spring station, arm
bums.
Textile Workers Start
24-Hour Strike in Italy
ty th« Associo, -J Frtii
ROME, July 5.—A 24-hou*
strike of textile workers, estimated
by Rome newspapers at 200,000,
started shortly after midnight.
The textile workers are de
manding a new national labor
contract. The press said the
strike was backed by both Com
munist and non - Communist
unions. 4

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