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Sunny, hot and humid today, high about 95. Cloudy and warm tonight and tomor row. Low about 75 tonight. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 83 5:45 a.m„ 77 11 a.m_85 2 a.m. —82 8 a.m. ...79 Noon_88 4 a.m. —80 9 a.m. ...81 1 p.m. ...92 Late New York Markets, Page A-23. Guide for Readers Amusements -B-12 Classified B-17-21 Comics_B-22-23 Editorial _A-12 Edit'l Articles A-13 Finance _A-23 Lost and Found A-3 Obituary -A-14 ! Radio _B-23 Sports_A-19-21 Women's Section-B-3-6 An Associated Press Newspaper 97th Year. No. 182. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 6, 1949—FORTY-EIGHT PAGES. City Home Delivery, Daily and Sunday, $1.20 a Month, when t ft /'CIF'W'f'PO Sundays, $1.30. Night Pinal Edition. $1.30 and $1.40 per Month V-t-Eara J Cripps Stops Britain's Purchases In Dollar Nations to Meet Crisis; Rules Out Devaluation of Pound Reserves Now at $1,624,000,000, Commons Told I iy the Associated Press LONDON, July 6.—Britain or dered a halt to the spending of her dwindling dollars, except where importers can show such spending is a matter of urgent national necessity. Sir Stafford Cripps, Chancellor of the Exchequer, said a buyer's market has ^educed exports to the United States and cut earn ings abroad so that Britain has had to dig deep into her reserves of gold and dollars to pay .»er bills. The situation likely will slash purchases of food and raw materials abroad. This country now obtains vast quantities of wheat, cotton, tobacco and gaso line from the United States and other countries demanding pay ments in dollars or other "hard" currencies. Cripps did not go into details today, but promised them later. Reserves Now $1,624,000,000. He reported the sterling area’s reserves are down to $1,624,000,000 after dropping radically in the last six months—but he said Brit ain has "not'the slightest inten tion of devaluing the pound.” Existing contracts for dollar area purchases will stay in force, SfR STAFFORD CRIPPS. \ Cripps told the House of Com mons, but the Treasury will per mit further spending only “where a clear case of urgent national in terest is established.’’ Cripps, who is Britain's economic chief, declared Britain must re duce the price of her products to encourage exports. He said this can be done through efficiency of production and “we have no de sire to see wages cut.” The “standstill” in dollar buy ing which Cripps ordered will con tinue at least until September. By then European Recovery Program funds for the coming year will be distributed, and a new scheme of payments among European na tions will be in effect. “We shall get out a new im portant program in the light of circumstances which then exist,” Cripps said. The chancellor said he and Secretary of the Treasury Snyder will discuss "the whole matter” this week end in conferences here. Canada, which like the Uni»d States is a dollar country, will be represented at the talks. Then next Wednesday the finance min isters of the British dominions (See BRITISH, Page A-6.) AFL Union to Boycott British Ships in U. S. By the Associated Prese MONTREAL, July 6.—Hal C. Banks, international repre sentative of the Seafarers’ Inter national Union < AFL *, said today British ships in Eastern United States ports will be boycotted to night because British dockwork ers refuse to work Canadian vessels. He said Prime Minister Attlee was advised of the decision in a cable which read: “Regret to in form you that all British ships will be boycotted in Eastern United States ports of July 7.” Mr. Banks is leader in Canada of the strongly rightist union which signed with Canadian East Coast shipowners, precipitating a Canadian Seamen's Union strike March 31. The British dockers’ boycott of two Canadian ships in London was in support of the Communist-led CSU. LONDON, July 6 (/P).—The Labor government ordered troops into the London water front to night to unload food ships paralyzed by a strike of steve dores. Most of the more than 100 Cargo ships harbor-locked by the Thames River strike carry food for rationed Londoners. Labor Min ister George Isaacs told Parlia ment the government had decided to use troops as a means of “safe guarding food supplies,” U. S. Foreign Traders Gloomy Over Halt in British Buying Stock Market Shows Little Reaction to Cripps' Statement By tht Associated Pres* NEW YORK, July 6.—Foreign traders today saw in Britain’s latest curb on buying American products another push downhill for the United States' sliding ex ports. They also gloomily predicted further losses of world markets by American traders to the British, who today announced a renewed drive to sell more English goods abroad. It came at a time when American-made goods are backing up in the warehouses because of dwindling foreign markets. Sir Stafford Cripps’ announce ment today that Britain will fur ther cut purchases from dollar areas was bad news for American tobacco, wheat and cotton farmers, and gasoline refiners. They figured their products would be black listed by the British as items they could reduce under a tighter austerity program. These products are all in surplus supply in this country and looking for markets abroad. The Chancellor of the Ex chequers report on Britain's finances also was bad news for ex porters in general, who only yes Truman's Economic Report Expected in Congress Monday By the Associated Press President Trumans mid year report on the Nation's economic health is due to reach Congress Monday. That is the “target date” for its submission. Press Sec retary Charles G. Ross told a news conference today. And. Mr. Ross added, “it looks like the message will be ready” then. Mr. Ross described the re port as “quite long,” and said “a certain amount of polish ing” remains to be done. There will be “further study and con sultation” and possibly some rewriting of the rough draft, Mr. Ross said. Among Mr. Truman’s callers today was Budget Director Frank Paee. They talked about the budget, including the current deficit. terday were told by the Commerce Department that further slides in export volume in May carried American outgoing trade well be low the monthly average of the first quarter of the year. Stock exchange traders, how ever. showed little immediate re — < See REACTION. Page A-4. Acheson Sees Britain Making Readjustment With Empire, U. S. Aid Secretary Says Situation Is Falsely Played Up As Great Crisis By Garnett D. Horner Secretary of State Acheson said today he is confident that Great Britain can make the economic readjustment facing her success fully with help of the British dominions and the United States. Mr. Acheson discussed Britain's dollar crisis at a news conference at about the same time as Sir Stafford Cripps, British chancellor of the exchequer, was outlining to the House of Commons a pro gram to meet it. Mr. Acheson said the situation tends to get played up as a great crisis, but that he does not think it is a great crisis. He explained that the ending of the postwar inflationary period, with world trade changing from sellers’ to buyers’ markets, faced the British with a readjustment which they will have to make. Silent on Snyder Talks. He has every confidence, Mr. Acheson added, that the British can make the necessary changes. He said he was sure the British dominions, Western European countries and the United States would approach the situation in a co-operative way and assist in working out a solution. The secretary told reporters that he obviously could not say anything regarding the exact na ture of talks now being conducted in Europe by Secretary of the Treasury Snyder. He said Mr. Snyder, as the senior American official present in Europe, is in charge of the situation there as far as this government is con cerned. A reporter asked Mr. Acheson for comment on yesterday’s report by the National Advisory Council on International and Monetary Problems that "some” European nations might well cut the value of their currencies. Mr. Acheson said he understood that the council had recom mended that the question of cur rency valuation should be studied through the International Mone ' Continued on Page A-4, Col. 5J Petain's Mind Slipping, Lawyers Seek Release •y th« Associated Press PARIS, July 6.—Marshal Henri Philippe Petain's mind is slipping and he should not be left to die in prison, his lawyers told French President Vincent Auriol today. In a letter to the President ap pealing for the old soldier's re lease or transfer, the lawyers said Marshal Petain's mind has en tered "little by little into the dark ness of the night.” One of the lawyers said the 93 year-old Petain no longer remem bers why he is imprisoned on the bleak He d’Yeu off the southwest coast of France. Marshal Petain was one of the nation's heroes of World War I, In World War n he served as chief of state of the Vichy regime. After France’s liberation from the Germans he was sentenced to life imprisonment on treason charges. Lilienthal Calls U. S. 'Virtually Unarmed’ Atomically in 1947 I ... Bacher Tells of Shock At Small Bomb Stock When AEC Took Over By the Associated Press David E. Lilienthal said today the United States was “virtually unarmed atomically” in 1947 when; the Atomic Energy Commission was created. Formally answering charges of “incredible mismanagement” by Senator Hickenlooper, Republican, of Iowa, Mr. Lilienthal said the AEC couldn't be poorly managed if its production of A bombs was as good as the Iowa Senator ad mits it is. Dr. Robert F. Bacher, atomic scientist and former member of the commission, backed up Mr. Lilienthal’s claim that the atomic project was in a bad way when the commission took over. “I wTas deeply shocked to find how few atomic weapons we had at that time,” Dr. Bacher said. Dr. Bacher added the project had had “a dramatic decline at the end of the war,” which wasn’t any reflection on Lt. Gen. Leslie R. Groves and the Army officers who built the war-time develop ment. “It is more or less inevitable that at the end of the war the atomic development should col lapse and it did.” Cites Market Success. In contrast Dr. Bacher said, under two years of AEC direction there has been “very marked suc cess” in rebuilding the Los Alamos (N. Mex.) laboratory into a strong research and development center. He said that technical problems at the Hanford (Wash.) site which were "very serious” now have been "rather successfully solved.” Mr. Lilienthal said the commis sion's whole program was directed toward giving this country “un questioned and unqualified leader ship” in the atomic field. For that reason, he said the commission had to ignore many "useful” things it might have ' done and had to put up with some (See ATOMIC, Page A-5.) Vandenberg Hits 'Greedy Reds' in Plea for Pact Threaten Nation's Security, He Says In Senate Debate By J. A. O'Leary Senator Vandenberg, Republican, of Michigan called on the Senate today to ratify the North Atlantic defense pact as notice to any aggressor that 300.000,000 people in the 12 treaty nations propose "neither to appease nor surrender to aggression." As he opened the second day of debate, opposition to the pact appeared to be dwindling. Chair man Connally of the Foreign Relations Committee predicted there would be fewer than 10 votes against it. Senator Byrd, Dem ocrat, of Virginia estimated only six or eight would vote “no.” Senator Vandenberg, who helped put foreign policy on a bipartisan basis during and since the war. told his colleagues the jeopardy this country faces “stems from embattled, greedy communism abroad and at home • • Aimed Ultimately at U. S. “It is aimed ultimately at us,” Senator Vandenberg went on. “We cannot run away from it. There it is, pact or no pact. Every vigilant American knows this is true. We are the final target, though other independent peoples are in nearer jeopardy. We may argue ourselves out of ratifying the fact. But we cannot thereby argue ourselves out of jeopardy which the pact seeks to minimize.” While thus painting the dangers that lie ahead. Senator Vanden berg did not take the fatalistic view that war is inevitable. On the contrary, he said, this treaty "reduces the jeopardy by antici pating It. It reduces the jeopardy by sharing it. Indeed, it may well extinguish the jeopardy—and I believe it will—by the clear dem onstration that this united self defense against aggression will be invincible.” “On two previous occasions the Kaiser and the Fuehrer found this out the hard way,” Senator Van denberg added. “This treaty ought to make a renewal of the lesson, in blood and sweat and tears, unnecessary'. Certainly it is worth the chance.” At the same time, the Michigan Senator did not place his reliance in the arms program that is to follow the treaty. Invincible Power for Peace. “I know there are many friends of this great peace adventure who are inclined to put their over riding emphasis on the subsequent physical implementation of the pact,” he said. ‘‘I do not agree. Frankly, I should have much less interest in this treaty if I thought its repressive influence for peace is measured by or dependent on any such implementation. It is not the military forces in being which measure the impact of this ‘knock-out’ admonition. In my view its invincible power for peace is the awesome fact that any aggrtssor upon the North Atlantic community knows in advance that from the very moment he launches his conquest he will forthwith face whatever cumulative opposition these united allies deem necessary to beat him to his knees and to restore peace and security.” The $1,130,000,000 to be pro posed later for military ^id to the other treaty signers next year, he pointed out, is to supplement $6,000,000,000 or $7,000,000,000 those nations plan to spend on their own defenses. These budgets are designed to ‘‘standardize rather (See PACTr Page A-5.) Starlings Reprieved by Senators Without Peep in Their Defense Without a peep being uttered in their defense, Washington’s my riad ill-mannered starlings today won a reprieve from legislative efforts to curtail their activities. The Senate District Committee postponed action on a House approved “kill the starlings” bill when Chairman McGrath sug gested that "we get some one up here to tell us the whole story.” The starlingphobes were in full :cry pressing for adoption of the I bill. They were led by Corpora tion Counsel Vernon West who said District motorists when they travel out of town in their starling - spooted cars are met everywhere with the comment: ‘That car came from Washing-! ton.” When the Pill was placed be fore the committee. Senator McGrath asked dryly: “Any one here to appear for the starlings.” No one uttered a peep. Senator McGrath then appoint ed James ft. Kirkland, commit tee counsel, to serve temporarily as starling counsel. He never ut tered a peep. Senator Hunt, Democrat, of Wyoming, said he had no objec tion to a starling counsel and added, "but let’s not have* any hearings.” Senator Margaret Chase Smith, Republican, of Maine, said she would like to go along with the bill, but didn’t know what fate was in for the starlings. One suggestion, Mr. West ex plained, was to put poisoned oil where the starlings would get it on their feet. When they stepped on their eggs the embryos would be doomed, he explained. "Well, now, wait a minute,” Senator McGrath interrupted. “If you are talking about bird control, I would have to be against that.” lfl STILL THINK % (youve got a good) |Lk CHANCmp. s fmimsiiiiTiirnTTi^ rfMm' ill i'l T^llthimalone-—~) L BY 1950 HE’LL BE IN / [GOOD^mTOWORKO^ Temperature to Go to 9 5 Today A fter Warmest Night of Year District Building Releases Workers To Escape Heat AREA EAST OF ROCKIES Swel ters With no Relief in Sight. Page A-2. Washington today got another dose of the hot and humid weather that is believed to have contrib I uted to two deaths and caused five heat prostrations yesterday when the temperature equaled the year’s record of 96 degrees. The mercury will reach at least 95 degrees this afternoon, the Weather Bureau forecaster said, with some cloudiness expected but only a slight chance of rain. To morrow will be just as bad. The temperature stood at 92 : degrees at 1 p.m. On the strength of the 95-de gree forecast, the Commissioners today decided to let employes in the District Building—which is not air-conditioned—go home at i 3 o’clock for the second consecu j tive day. City employes in Mu ; nicipal Center were not released 231.500.000 Gallons Sets Record Here for Water Consumption An all-time high of 231, 500.000 gallons of water was consumed yesterday by Wash ington area residents seeking relief from the heat. E. A. Schmitt, chief of water supply at the Washing ton Aduequct, said there is no need for economy because there is plenty of water in the Potomac River. The vast demand for water, however, ! is a definite overload on city filtration plants and is a strain on the machinery. The District water system, whose previous high con- ; sumption was recorded June 27 this year with 223,000,000 gallons, serves Washington. Arlington County and part of nearby Maryland, e early because that building is air conditioned. __ No Federal agencies had report (See WEATHER, Page A-4.r~ Co-op Bookshop Head Refuses Committee's Call for Member List Hearing Told Directors Fear Names Would Be Used for 'Blacklist' By Chris Mailmen Miss Elsa K. Miller, manager of the Washington Co-operative Bookshop, today refused to fur nish the House Committee on Un-! American Activities with the mem bership list of the co-operative, i declaring her Board of Directors had voted against compliance with a committee subpoena in this respect. A few minutes later she was backed up by a member of the board, Mrs. Tilla Minowitz, a print shop proprietor. Both Miss Miller and Mrs. Min owitz said the board had decided against making the membership 1 list available “for use as a black list,” I Financial Summaries Offered. In response to the subpoena di rected to her. however. Miss Miller produced at the committee hear ing financial summaries for the bookshop, which is located in the 900 block of Seventeenth street !N.W. She also agreed to furnish ; the committee with day-by-day financial records from which the summaries were prepared. Representative Walter, Demo i crat, of Pennsylvania assurred Mrs. Minowitz the oommittee had no intention of making "improper use” of the 'membership list re quested. He asked her if she would be willing to furnish it for examination by the committee in; (See UN-AMERICAN, Page A-5.) Third term for Flanagan On PUC Backed by Senators The Senate District Committee today recommended confirmation of the reappointment of James H. Flanagan as a member of the Public Utilities Commission for a third three-year term. The action of the committee I was unanimous. Some labor spokesmen recently objected to his renomination by President Truman, but when the question came up in the committee today, no opposition witness appeared and no objections were raised by committee members. Mr. Flanagan is chairman of the commission. The chairman ship is determined by members of the agency itself. The nomination now will go on the Senate’s execu-. tive calendar and probably will] come up for action tomorrow. Fund Voted For D. C. Master Plan Of Slum Clearance Senate Committee Asks Redevelopment Agency To Set Up Program The Senate Appropriations, Committee today voted to recom-, mend $50,000 for preparation of! a master plan to study wiping out j Washington’s slum areas. Under the committee’s recom mendation, the District Rede velopment Land Agency would set up a master plan and submit it to the Senate and House Ap propriations Committees by next May 1. This action was taken after Senator McCarran, Democrat, of Nevada, author of the Redevelop ment Land Act, pleaded for slum clearance here. He is chairman of the Appropriations Committee. He asserted that an orderly plan must be presented to show just where and how the backward areas of the city will be developed. The plan must be prepared under the Redevelopment Act, he said. Congress to Decide. j After the land agency has sub mitted its master plan, Senator ! McCaraan declared that Congress | then can decide how much money will be spent to put it into effect and at what rate. He said the entire $50,000 should be used for creating a workable program to rid the city of sub standard areas, adding that the committee would “cut out funds for printing and binding, because there will be nothing to print and bind, before the master plan is laid before Congress.” There was some confusion today as the result of the committee’s action. The National Capital Park and Planning Commission has prepared a so-called master plan for the development of Washington and the Commissioners have held (See SLUMS. Page A-5.) Crowe Is Given 3 Years In Theft of $883,660 By the Associated Press NEW YORK, July 6.— Richard H. Crowe, 41, charged with steal ing $883,660 from the National City Bank of which he was as sistant manager, was sentenced today in Federal Court to three years in jail. He was placed on probation also for five years after comple tion of his term. Crowe, who pleaded guilty May 24 to four counts of an indict ment, faced a possible maximum penalty of 45 years in prison and a fine of $30,000. Hiss Lawyer Makes I Final Plea Before Packed Courtroom Perjury Trial Summation Begins After Motions for Dismissal Are Overruled By Newbold Noyes, Jr., and Robert K. Walsh Star Staff Correspondents NEW YORK, July 6.—Lloyd Paul Stryker began his last speech in defense of Alger Hiss shortly before noon today, after hearing Federal Judge Samuel H. Kauf man deny his plea for dismissal of the perjury indictment against the former State Department offi cial or a directed verdict of ac quittal. “The case will go to the jury,” Judge Kaufman declared, setting the stage for the Anal act of the drama which began in a quiet | courtroom here more than five i weeks ago. ! The defense attorney, one of , the Nation’s foremost courtroom orators, opened his summation in quiet tones, leaning on the railing of the jury box as he spoke di rectly to the 10 men and two women who begin deliberations tomorrow on whether Mr. Hiss lied when he denied giving Whit taker Chambers secrets for Com munist Russia while working for the State Department before the war. Stryker Has Cold. Mr. Stryker was suffering with a slight cold, but beyond that his entire manner seemed in deliber ate contrast to the flambouyant dramatics which the jurors have come to expect from him during the course of the trial. The jurors listened in solemn silence as Mr. Stryker thanked ; them for the careful attention they have given throughout pres entation of the case. “At last,” the lawyer said, “I have a chance to look at you with out being criticized for it.” Recalling that the prosecutor, Assistant United States Attorney Thomas F. Murphy, had objected to his watching the jurors too much during trial proceedings, Mr. Stryker said: “I don't know what too much is, but I’m afraid I will have to i plead guilty on that. I have been I watching this jury very carefully, Decause so much depends on it.” Courtroom Parked. Then, turning to the bench, the white-haired, fatherly little attor ney made his bow to Judge Kauf man. He called him "a distin guished and able jurist whose con duct of this case may well serve as an example to every judge in the United States.” The courtroom was packed with spectators, most of them appar ently friends of the defendant who had come to hear Mr. Stryker’s speech, which probably will take most of the rest of thg, iday. A new figure in the audi jence was Timothy Hobson, Mr. ! Hiss’ 22-year-old stepson, husky and handsome in a crew-cut and | sports jacket, sitting next to the Rev. Duane Wevill, the defend ant’s boyhood pastor. Mr. Stryker called for a copy of the two-count indictment, which charges that Mr. Hiss lied (See HISS, Page A-4.) Shriners to Hear Truman At Chicago Convention President Truman will go to Chicago July 19 to address the annual convention of the Shriners. the White House announced to day. The President, a member of the Masonic organization, will speak at Soldier Field between 3 and 4 p.m. He also #11 speak at a formal dinner at the Stevens Hotel that night in honor of the retir ing potentate of the Shrine, Gal loway Calhoun. Press Secretary Charles G. Ross said the President would fly to Chicago and return the follow ing day. Murder Warrant Out tor Deputy In Bay Slaying Maryland Officials Also Seek Arrest of Virginia Plane Pilot BULLETIN CRISFIELD, Md. (Special*.— State's Attorney E. McMaster Duer of Somerset County to day swore out a murder war rant against David Acree, Vir ginia State Conservation Com mission deputy, in connection with the fatal shooting of Earl Nelson, Maryland fisherman. He also swore out a warrant against George Colonna, pilot of the plane, charging him with being a accessory after the fact in aiding the escape. 1Additional Pictures on Pape B-l.) By Herman r. Schoden Star Staff Correspondent CRISFIELD. Md.. July 6.—State police of Maryland and Virginia agreed today to conduct a joint investigation of the fatal shoot ing yesterday of Fisherman Earl Nelson by an airborne Virginia State Conservation Commission deputy. Detachments of troopers rep resenting both States planned to leave Crisfield by boat later this afternoon for Smith Island, sev eral miles offshore in Chesapeake Bay. to interview a group of angry eyewitnesses to the shooting. Out of the report of the joint police investigating grouD is ex EARL NELSON. Slain fisherman. pected to come a showdown in the century-old battle over ter ritorial rights in the fishing grounds where the Maryland and Virginia State lines merge. State s Attorney E. McMaster Duer of Somerset County, Md.. said he is satisfied that Mr. Nel son, widower father of six chil dren, was fishing in Maryland waters when David Acree, 23, who had been deputized as a Virginia conservation officer only a few hours before, boarded the 60-year old fisherman's boat and mortally wounded him in a struggle over a rifle. Initial statements of witnesses, Mr. Duer said, have convinced him that Maryland has authority to prosecute the case. Won’t Surrender Aeree. But across the bay at Exmore, Va.. where Mr. Acree reported fol lowing the shooting. Common wealth’s Attorney E. Elmer Ames, jr„ of Accomack County was equally positive that Virginia has authority over the case and said Mr. Acree would not be surren dered to Maryland authorities while he conducts a full investi gation. Meanwhile, out in the bay where Maryland and Virginia waters run together, indignant fishermen de bated whether the fatal shooting will be legally avenged. These same hard-working men had clustered in little knots along Crisfleld's long water front yes terday, aroused by the slaying. Two of them told State's At torney Duer how they saw a plane land near Mr. Nelson's crab boat, and put a man aboard. Both States Investigating. Minutes later there was a shot, the plane returned for the man and Mr. Nelson was found I (Continued on Page A-6, Col. 6.) i_ ■ — ■ Lodge Proposes U. S. Financing of Presidential Race Senator Lodge, Republican, of Massachusetts, today started a movement to have presidential campaigns financed from the Fed eral Treasury and a ban placed on all other methods of finance. He said it would put a stop to ; recurrent rumors that public of I flees sometimes are auctioned off ! to campaign contributors. “If there are no bidders, there can be no auction,” Senator Lodge said. Senator Lodge introduced a res olution calling on the Senate Rules Committee to prepare suit able legislation on the subject. He said he did not contemplate hav ing the Government finance splinter parties and suggested this could be prevented by applying the rule to the parties finishing first and second in the last election.