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A'ith Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON, D. C. Publithod by Th« Evening Star Newspaper Company. SAMUEL H. KAUFFMANN, President. B. M. McKELWAY, Editor. MAIN OFFICE: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Ave. NEW YORK OFFICE: 110 East 42d St. CHICAGO OFFICE: 435 North Michigan Ave. Delivered by Carrier—Metropolitan Area. Daily and Sunday Daily Only Sunday Only Monthly ..1.20* Monthly ... 90c 10c per copy Weekly ...30c Weekly 20c 10c per copy •10c additional when 5 Sundays are in a month. Also 10c additional for Night Final Edition in those sections where delivery is made. Rates by Mail—Payable in Advance. Anywhere in United States. Evening and Sunday Evening Sunday 1 month .. 1.50 1 month ... 90c 1 month 60c 6 months.. 7.50 6 months 5.00 6 months 3.00 1 year _15.00 1 year -10.00 1 year . 6.00 Telephone STerling 5000. Entered at the Post Office. Washington, D. C., as second-class mail matter. Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper, as well as all A. P. news dispatches. A—10 MONDAY, July 18, 1949 Full Inquiry Essential Army Secretary Gordon Gray has acted promptly and properly to “get to the bot tom” of a military procurement situation that, on the surface, has disturbing im plications. The implications are yet to be reinforced by proof of illegality. But the integrity of the Army inevitably is clouded when the integrity of two of its department heads is questioned,- and it is essential, therefore, that the most thoroughgoing sort of investigation should be made by the Inspector General, working in co-operation with the senatorial in vestigators who are delving into “five-per center” activities. Pending completion of these simul taneous inquiries, it was wise to suspend the two high officers whose names have been brought into the investigation in a way that reflects, at least, on their good judgment. When officers of the military services become involved in any matter coming before a board or court of inquiry It is customary to relieve them of active duty assignments until the inquiry is com pleted. T^° nub’ic should keep in mind the fact u;at no charges whatever have been placed against Generals Feldman and Waitt. The investigation may show that they are completely innocent of^any wrongdoing. These veteran officers have yet to be given an opportunity to tell their sides of the story—a story first broken by the New York Herald Tribune as a result of some extraordinary journalistic enter prise by members of its Washington Bu reau. Until the two generals have ex plained what their relations—if any—were with an alleged “official influence” racket In Washington, the story must remain unfairly one-sided. The Herald Tribune has rendered a pub lic service by bringing to light* allegations and rumors that are serious enough to warrant senatorial investigation. The bandying about of such reports, without any effort to determine their reliability, would have been unfair to the Army and to the persons involved. Generals Feldman and Waitt should be glad of the chance for a public showdown with their accusers. The Poverty-Stricken Orient As part of a global survey, a United Nations Economic Commission has been Investigating conditions in the Far East, from Burma to China and Japan. Its re port, just issued, paints a picture so unrelievedly dark as to inspire grave re flections. The commission’s verdict is that virtually the entire area is so riddled with malignant, utter poverty as to preclude any immediate hope for peace and stability there. The Far East has always been a region of low living standards, the basic reasons being overpopulation coupled with neglect or inadequate exploitation of natural re sources. But these traditional conditions have been sharply worsened by war and its aftermath. Not one of these countries has as yet regained the economic levels of a. decade Ago, while some of them are verging on economic collapse. There is today less food available than was on hand even during the hungry prewar years; the per capita consumption of clothing is like wise below the inadequate prewar stand ard, while labor and industry are turning out less than before. Furthermore, eco nomic recovery is impeded by the trend of international trade. Several of the Orient’s basic export staples, such as rub ber, silk and jute, are threatened by the competition of synthetic materials dis covered and developed by Western science. The commission’s conclusion is that no area in the world is in more acute need for the kind of grand-scale economic assistance contemplated in President Tru man’s “bold new program” of aid to undeveloped countries. It points out that natural resources such as coal, iron and hydroelectric power potentialities exist in most of those countries, but have not been scientifically developed, while native “know-how” is virtually absent. For in stance, excluding Japan, the commission estimates that only five per cent of the hydroelectric potential has been harnessed. A systematic exploitation of suth natural resources would make possible the de velopment of modern large-scale industry, which would, in turn, open up new means of livelihood, raise living standards and ease the pressure of population. Saint Croix Island Saint Croix Island has been made a national monument of the United States. This means that the seven-acre plot in ' the river between Maine and. New Bruns wick will be preserved and maintained Indefinitely as a common possession of the American people. There are many reasons why it is desirable that the place should be a national property, a national respon sibility. First, it was on Saint Croix that the first French settlement on this continent was established. The date was 1604, and the leaders of the pioneer expedition were Pierre de Guast, Sieur de Monts, a Huguenot nobleman of Saintonge, and his lieutenant, the great “founder of Canada,” Samuel de Champlain. It was from the tentative base on Saint Croix that expah sion to Port Royal, near the modern An napolis Royal, developed. Likewise, it was from there that Champlain launched his explorations of what now are Mount Desert Island, the Penobscot, Kennebec, Androscoggin and Saco Valleys, Casco Bay and Plymouth and Nauset harbors. The United States has needed a proper memorial to “the Father of New France.” Champlain was a personality of lasting importance. He earned the gratitude of future generations, including our own, in terms of character, labor and achieve ment. Saint Croix Island is a suitable com memoration for such a figure. It, too, has connotations of honor, dignity, friendship and consrtuctive peace. The definitive treaty of 1783 designated the river as the northeastern boundary between the United States and Canada. It was more specifically agreed upon in the Webster-Asburton treaty in 1842. From the island as “a talisman of international accord” stretches "the longest undefended frontier in the world”—a line sweeping three thousand miles to the Pacific. Mr. Dulles and Seniority By every measure of experience and fit ness for such a post, John Foster Dulles, the newly seated “interim” Senator from New York, is uniquely well qualified for a place on the Foreign Relations Committee. But even if the Democrats agreed to enlarge the Republican membership to make room for him, he could not be put in the position without creating a ruction in his own party. The reason for this can be summed up in a single word—seniority. The so-called seniority rule or seniority right—which is really neither a rule nor a right but rather a seldom-broken custom— has been operating in its present form for many years. Under it, when a vacancy occurs on any committee, and when two or more Senators would like to fill it, the assignment almost invariably goes to the man who has been serving in the Senate for the longest continuous period of time. And his advance in rank thereafter—often to the chairmanship—is decided in the same way. An identical system has been in effect in the House ever since the 1911 rebellion against Speaker Cannon’s dicta torial appointments. As far as Mr. Dulles is concerned, he is the Senate’s youngest member in terms of service, and he could be named to the Foreign Relations Committee only if the man who is entitled to the assignment, by virtue of seniority, graciously consented to waive his own rights. In this particular instance, that man is Senator Morse of Oregon, and he has made very clear that he is not waiving anything but will insist upon being appointed himself if a vacancy is created. Accordingly, despite his great experience in international affairs, Mr. Dulles will not be a member, though pos sibly he may be allowed to sit in in a non voting capacity. Otherwise, if a serious effort were made to push him into the post, there w'ould be an unseemly intraparty row. All this adds up to another illustration of why there have been numerous proposals to modify or do away with the seniority system in Congress. Yet the system cannot easily be improved upon. Although out siders and newly elected members have suggested reforms that seem theoretically sound, veteran legislators take the view that all such well-intentioned people have only to acquire a little experience in the actual workings of the House or Senate to realize that the present arrangement prob ably is about as good as can be had in our form of Government. At any rate, although the practice has its faults—as Mr. Dulles’ Story shows—the truth about it is that Congress, despite past efforts to do so, has been unable to develop anything better up to now. Television Thaws Out With the demands for television expan sion growing hotter with every passing month, it is not surprising that the Federal Communications Commission has taken an initial step toward modification of Its drastic freezing order of last October. The freeze on new stations was applied to give the commission’s experts an opportunity to study the problem of finding new chan nels in the already overcrowded TV spec trum. The experts have decided that there is no way to go but up, as far as television frequencies are concerned. So, under the thawing-out process, the FCC proposes to permit the opening of forty-two new ultra high-frequency channels — beyond the range of ordinary TV sets. There is every indication that the FCC has come to this decision reluctantly, in view of the extra cost which conversion of present receiving sets to higher fre quencies will mean to TV fans. But the conclusion was inescapable that the only hope for an expanded industry lay in the upper wave bands. When the present twelve “very high frequency” channels were allocated to television several years ago, it was expected that the facilities would be adequate for many years to come. But television has grown by such tremen dous leaps and bounds as to upset all calculations of a few years back. Already so many stations are in operation as to result in serious interference in some sec tions. This interference has been compli cated by unexpected phenomena involving long-distance reception. When present station^ were allotted, it was thought that forty miles was a safe margin against interference, but many instances of trans mission of signals far beyond the rated ranges—even hundreds of miles in rare instances—have been reported. The FCC hopes to reduce interference and generally improve reception through the opening of the new channels. Some stations would change wave-lengths under this plan, but most of the new bands would be reserved for new stations. The addition of forty-two channels would make possible 2,245 broadcasting stations in some 1,400 cities and towns, as compared with the 543 stations in 221 locations possible with the twelve existing channels. There is a long waiting list of applicants for new stations. All the industry needs is room in which to expand. • The FCC is warranted in going slowly in opening new channels. It is also moving cautiously in the matter of color television. The public has invested millions of dollars in receivers designed for present channels. Fortunately most sets can be converted to the new frequencies at relatively small cost. And it is said that most sets also can be adapted to certain types of eolor transmission. But whatever is done about higher channels and color, owners of present sets need not worry too much about immediate obsolescence, for it will take perhaps tjvo years for most of the new transmitters to begin operation. Polio Campaign Infantile paralysis again is a problem of concern to thousands of people. The incidence this year is high. While there is no occasion for panic on the part of children or parents, the disease is back again as an epidemic in some localities. Jt also is true that the campaign against polio is going forward with renewed in tensity. John J. O’Neill, writing in the New York Herald Tribune, says: “A ring of knowledge is closing slowly but surely around this killing and disabling agent.” Exactly what the agent is, however, is part of the problem. Twelve different types of viruses have been identified, yet the manner in which infantile paralysis is disseminated is unknown. ‘‘No common insect or animal has been found to be a common carrier.” So much is this true that scientists are ‘‘severely handicapped by lack of a suitable ‘guinea pig’ in which to grow viruses and make experiments— none of the usual experimental animals can be given the disease.” TlAs may mean that they already have had it. Mr. O’Neill explains: ‘‘The most startling fact revealed by current research is that for every individual who contracts the disease with recognized symptoms, there are probably 100 who have the disease in unrecognized form, with symptoms no more acute than a brief nausea and fever.” Of those who develop paralytic phenomena, one out of a dozen will die, two will be handicapped permanently, three will have slight paralysis and six will recover completely. No drug now known has the slightest effect in preventing or curing polio, but investigations in progress soon may lead to the discovery of a method of vaccinating against the plague. Meanwhile, the quest for the source of the disease is being con tinued. Scientists are trying to learn how and where the bacteria hibernate. A Swedish investigator reports that he found so vast an amount of virus in sewage at Stockholm as to indicate that everybody in that city had the disease. But, of course,' the actual number of cases in the com munity was small—a few hundred. Victory over infantile paralysis will come eventually through observation of it. Lay citizens can help in the effort. Wherever a case occurs, the patient himself and his family and friends should endeavor to "check” the environment and the physical experience involved. The science of epi demiology is one to which anybody with Intelligence may contribute. Perhaps the final discovery about polio will be that of an amateur. All data are important, if correctly evaluated and appraised. This and That By Charles E. Tracewell All right, so they were bumblebees! Here comes Mrs. U. R. of Franklin street, who writes: “My father, a Connecticut Yankee, used to tell of the borers—boring bumblebees—that bored holes in the wooden eve troughs at his childhood home. Some years ago I saw the porch posts and ceiling boards riddled in an old Maryland farmhouse. “And, begging your pardon, if they were wasps, instead of bumblebees, maybe I have been a zebra all of these years and never knew it! • • • * “May I share a couple of memories that interested and amused me. “The mockingbird just ‘telling the world,’ from the tip top of a tree. Some small birds thought to alight in the same tree. The mocker broke off long enough for two or three loud ‘jays,’ at which the small birds swerved to another perch and the mocking bird resumed his roundelay. “A number of small birds that gather in such flocks (in Maryland) before fall mi gration. They were on the brow of a small hill facing a stiff west wind. They would flutter up 10 to 15 feet, then holding their wings out stiffly, would soar aloft oq the wind, and then would flutter down again. “Whether they were just playing, or if they thought they would learn to soar, I could not decide.” • • * • / A. B. of Buchanan street writes: "Since I am an amateur entomologist, I was interested in the inquiry concerning the ‘bumblebees’ that tunneled into a bird feeder. “I was surprised at your calling this in sect a carpenter wasp. The insect com monly known as a carpenter wasp is a black and white wasp'which resembles a bumble bee only very remotely. These wasps are not social; there are only males and females, and no workers. “The insect probably responsible for the burrowing is the American carpenter bee, which resembles a bumblebee very closely. This species is also solitary. "I am a regular reader of your column and think you are doing a very fine job in encouraging people to appreciate na ture.” Wasps (really) In the living room window are still at it. Two weeks have gone by. and the five . have created just 12 cells. » The aggregation is not more than an inch by an inch and a half. But the cells grow longer day by day. The wasps enter almost completely now. At rest, the wings are folded, but when alarmed they come up like the propellers of a hellicopter. “Hellicopter,” it would seem, would be a good name for these buzzers. The buzzing we take rather on faith, for to date we have not heard them make a sound. Just inside the screen, at the top, with the window firmly shut, and kept closed, naturally, the wasps mind their own busi ness very well. It is interesting to watch them fly up and out the small opening which the carpenter (human) left 20 years ago. Presence of the wasps solves a mystery Always small insects had been noticed inside that window, but since no one ever thought to stoop down and peer up, as one must do no one ever noticed the hole. It took the wasps 20 years to find it, but why they waited so long is something of a mystery, too. At the present rate, the Black Pfve will be all summer completing the work. Twelve cells in two weeks is not very fast.* As for working all the time, as we stated, that was giving them too much credit. Actually, two of them are always resting, at the back of the cell block, where it Is difficult to see them until once spotted. After that it is easy to see that there are at least two, and some times three, there all of the time. They seem to be unhappy, churlish wasps, but pay no attention to the human face. If the curtain is moved, however, even so slightly, intense activity is shown, those wings coming up to the hellicopter position at once. Letters to The Star j Sees Community In Debt To Board of Recreation Members To the Editor ot The Star: It has come to my knowledge that the members of the District Board of Recrea tion give their services to our community. This seems to me a wise safeguard: because if the Board members were paid by the Government, they would be subject to politi cal pressure and doubtless would have sur rendered the community Interests long ago to pressure groups which exert political in fluence. However, it does appear that we, the citizens of the District of Columbia, owe a great deal to members of the Board of Recreation who give so much time and thought to community problems and re ceive no recompense whatever. Currently they are trying desperately to protect us from tensions which might very well plunge our city into the sort of violent conflict which other cities have recently ex perienced. Surely the least we can do by way of paying our debt to them, is to rally be hind them when politicians undermine and attack their good work., ONE GRATEFUL CITIZEN. Member of AAUP Dissents from Stand on Communism To the Editor ot The Star: It was with much interest and appreciation that I read your editorial “A Shortsighted Stand,” July 12, In which you replied so ef fectively to the stand of the American Asso ciation of University Professors. I have been hoping to see some clarifica tion of the position by the proper authorities of the Association, but none has appeared. As someone, evidently in an official position, has put this statement in the papers, this statement of policy in opposition to the re cent position of the NEA convention, I feel that this official should make it clear whether he is speaking for himself or for the Asso ciation. I 'am quite sure that he is not speaking for me when he states that a teacher should be allowed to follow the Communist Party and do so without any prejudice to his right to continue teaching in our classrooms. I have been a member of this Association for s6me time, but I cannot maintain my membership, if such is the policy. In my opinion no one should be employed by an American college or university, or by any secondary school, for that matter, who has lost from his heart the warmth of our American way of life to such an extent that he seeks the company of the cold-blooded Communist snakes-in-the-grass. And the country must be full of ’em. JOHN A. LACEY. Hopes Nurse May Have Chance To Complete Her Training To the Editor of The Star: In defense of the 22-year-old girl who must serve a 60-day jail sentence for forging a registered nurse’s credentials, I have this to say: Circumstances alter cases and in a case of this sort there always are extenuating circumstances—perhaps a lack of the neces sary educational requirements or financial handicaps prevented the girl from real izing her hopes of being a fully qualified nurse. Being a nurse myself and knowing a greater number, besides having been a pa tient many times in hospitals in Washington and other cities, I have found many nurses who lack professional qualifications and are a disgrace to the profession both mentally and morally. Even the superintendent of Sibley admit ted the woman’s excellence as a nurse, so why shouldn’t she be given a chance? To quote a very true saying, "A good nurse is born, not made” and in the days previous to the requirements nowadays, many country girls with only rural school education went into training and made much better nurses than the ones of today who must have slips of paper stating they have completed a col lege course in order to become nurses. I sincerely hope that some broader-mind ed person who can see the professional ma terial in this young woman will not only offer her the chance she should have but also 6ee that she has ample financial help that she may further her ambitions. W. L. BARBER. Sees Children’s Education As a Social Investment To the Editor of The Star: May I comment upon a letter In The Star of July 14, entitled "Opposes Government’s Subsidizing Children’s School Books” and signed "Taxpayer”? He objects to people without children having to pay taxes to build schools, pay teachers, buy lunches for children and school buses and his last gripe is being taxed for books if the Barden bill passes. He says, "Next I will be asked for taxes to buy the children’s clothes.” Seriously, this is a strange attitude to take toward children. I am holding no brief for the Barden bill for I have not studied it sufficiently to know whether I consider it good or bad. People with no children must live in a world of children. The children belong to all of us. The more children who turn out well the better for all of us. Those who turn out not-so-well cause all of us plenty of trouble and much money which more properly might have been used to edu cate them. Children are the real coin of the realm, and anything we can do to keep the chil dren sound will tend to keep the country solvent. Taxpayer is standing in his own light by begrudging help to children. LAURA K. POLLOCK. Department Store Employes’ Leader Opposes Agitation for Different Hours To tho Editor ot The Star: As an officer in a department store em ployes’ union with a membership of close to 4,000, I challenge HL.H., writer of a recent letter to your paper, to produce any, let alone many, store employes who favor night openings or Monday rather than Saturday closings. Indeed, if this union is only reasonably representative of the whole department store employes group, and I am sure it is much more than that, I am certain any poll of these workers would result in a unanimous verdict of "no” on both Ideas. Store employes have long since been emancipated from the 1880 ideas of business. Like any other working group, they do not look with . favor on any plan that would carry them any way other than forward. Evening shopping hours would be a back ward step. During the war years the shopping hours of 12 noon till 9 pm. one night a week, while patriotically accepted by department store employes because of circumstances, proved conclusively they were both a detri ment to the health and well-being of store employes and to store operations. The few hours off in the morning were not enough to accomplish much about the home yet Just enough to make department store sales people, especially, arrive for duty worn out even before the day’s work started. Getting off at 9 pm.. the majority did not reach their homes till 10:30 pm. and then they had to get back on the 9 to 6 schedule next morning. The result was that the average sales per son was not physically fit nor mentally alert. Tempers Haired; nerves were frayed; curt answers were given customers as well as fellow employes; much of the absenteeism in those days can be attributed to the night openings; many of the customers’ complaints Letters for publication must bear the signature and address of the writer, although it is permissible for a writer known to The Star to use a nom de plume. Please be brief. could be directly traced to the night open ings. Of course if the agitators for these ideas want grouchy* clerks greeting them; if they want wrong addresses to plague them; if they want a general breakdown in service, then by all means let them persist in their agitation. On the other hand, if they want to be greeted by polite and courteous clerks; if they want a minimum of wrong addresses; if they want prompt and efficient service; if they want to be considered as human beings, then let them cease this stupid agi tation and consider the department store employes as human beings who desire to live just as normal a life every day in the week, every week in the month, every month in the year, as themselves. SNUCSAH. Abdel Krim's Representative Explains Why He Denounces Atlantic Pact To the Editor of The Star: The very day 11 foreign ministers gathered in Washington to sign the Atlantic Pact, Emir Abdel Krim, chairman of the Com mittee for Freedom of North Africa, issued a statement denouncing the inclusion of Al geria in that Pact. Unfortunately, and for reasons not too difficult to understand, certain French ‘'co lonial" papers, misinterpreting Abdel Krim’s position, gave it to mean that he was op posed to the Atlantic Pact. The same in terpretation was hastily made by foreign Marxist writers who were only eager to ex ploit it for their own purposes. It certainly is ironic to assume that a man such as Abdel Krim, so widely known and revered as a champion of national free dom. could make common cause with , the sordid elements engaged solely in the busi ness of human serfdom. As one who fought gallantly, though un successfully, for the freedom of Morocco, Emir Abdel Krim i$ better qualified than most to understand the determination of any nation or group of nations to protect them selves against an evil. Far too many of his countrymen have suffered for too long a time the abuses of a totalitarian regime im posed by invaders from France and Spain for him not to be in complete sympathy with this desire of Western Europeans to stand. together against a possible invader. This Pact, however, as it is drafted, would seem designed to protect not only the several sovereign states of Western Europe, but also France's colonial conquest of Algeria. Article 6 of the Pact defining the territorial scope of this regional agreement states: "An armed attack on one or more of the parties is deemed to include and armed attack on the territory of any of the parties in Europe, North America or the Algerian departments of France • * *" Algeria Not Part of France. Diplomatic expediency and strategical necessities cannot discard the fact, what ever the contention of France, that Algeria is geographically, ethnically, culturally, and religiously an entity separate and distinct from France. In the 16th and 17th cen turies Algeria was a dominion of the Sub lime Porte, but in 1669, Turkey, along with many European states, gave it de jure recog nition. The fact that Algeria was aggressively invaded by the French in 1847 and ruled by them ever since does not, under inter national law, support or justify the claims of France for permanent sovereignty over Algeria. To defend this opinion one need only cite anyone of several precedents Great Britain has so wisely and realistically es tablished in Egypt, Iraq, India, Ceylon, Burma, etc. Emir Abdel Krim’s opposition to the Pact is based, as is other North African leaders’, on sound irrefutable legal, political and moral grounds. 1. Despite their peaceful, democratic proc lamations, some European colonial nations particularly France and Holland, are today as in the past still directing their colonial policy toward the ruthless subjugation and selfish exploitation of millions of men and women in Africa and Asia. In our opinion, colonialism affords the Communists their greatest weapon. 2, The inclusion of Algeria in the Pact and reference to that country as “the Al gerian department of France" is a diplo matic injustice which prejudices the rights and claims of the Algerian people who are presently engaged in a struggle to regain their lost freedom and independence. When signing the Atlantic Charter, the Allies pledged that “sovereign rights and self government be restored to those who have been deprived of them.” The Algerian peo ple fought two World Wars on the side of those Allies. Some 70,000 of them were killed in the latter. Surely, the Algerians are entitled to benefit from this solemn pledge. «, Charter Considered Violated. 3. The incorporation of Algeria without the consent or consultation of the people of Algeria, is not only inconsistent with the most elementary democratic traditions, but also constitutes a serious violation of Article 73 of the United Nations Charter. 4. The preamble of the Atlantic Pact re fers to its members’ determination to “re affirm their faith in the purposes and prin ciples of the Charter . . . founded on the principles of democracy, individual liberty and rule of law.” To those unfamiliar with the situation in North Africa we might note that as yet not one of these lofty principles has been extended to the people of Algeria to whom even the most fundamental human rights are ruthlessly denied. Since V-E Day there have been countless new acts of violence against the Algerian people. At this writing there are in Algeria more than 100,000 political prisoners languishing in filthy French medieval jails. In conclusion, may we state that there can be no ideological, political or moral justification for a pact which on the one hand reaffirms the right of France to pro tect her freedom and on the other gives its blessings to the tyrannical subjugation of 10,000,000 Algerians by the French. We believe that the free Atlantic nations have only helped to serve the interests of Com munist propagandists when they arbitrarily included “slave” Algeria In their "demo cratic” alliance. Like the Tunisians and the Moroccans, the Algerians are ready and willing to co operate in any Atlantic or Mediterranean regional agreement genuinely devoted to the maintenance of peace and freedom. They will cooperate, however, only when per mitted the first condition of action as a sovereign and free people* namely the pos session and rifie of their own national ter ritory. EL ABED BOUHAFA, Secretary, Committee for Freedom of North Africa, New York City. Blames Reporters For “Rash of Speculation” To tho editor of Tho Star: In your editorial about Thursday night’s mysterious Blair House meeting your last paragraph was rather incomplete. It should have read, "Now we shall undergo a rash 6f speculation by reporters and the>avid pur suit of a leak by reporters with the prospect of thoroughly confusing the public.” The Star, like other newspapers, too easily disavows its responsibility in the reporting of the news. » C. D. 8. Oxygen Therapy Proves Success in intoxication 4 Psychiatrists Offer Clinical Report On Results of 100 Cases By Thomas /?. Henry Inhaling oxygen for a hang-over became a rather common practice with Air Force soldiers during the war. The apparent efficiency of this treatment was observed by two University of Pennsyl vania psychiatrists—Drs. C. Nelson Davis and Harold F. Robertson—and they have intro duced it experimentally in their own clinics. They have just made a clinical report on re sults with 100 cases ranging from extreme drunkenness to delirium tremens. The results, they claim, have been excep tionally good—on the whole, considerably better than those obtained from use of se datives. There is considerable evidence, they say, that alcoholic intoxication and the ,imi lar condition induced by lack of oxygen are basically quite similar. "In our experience with alcoholic patients prior to use of oxygen", the report states, “we have found sedatives to be a necessary evil, but their use essential. Since the institution of oxygen therapy with severely intoxicated patients we have been able to treat 100 cases successfully without sedatives. "The group includes some re-admitted patients formerly treated by means of seda tives and other measures, but without oxy gen. Almost invariably they , prefer oxygen. The reason they give is that they experience a hitherto unknown clearing of the mind. They feel less tense and less insolent or apathetic, and suffer less from agitation and anorexia. They state that they are more comfortable than on the former therapy of sedation." * * * * Vitamin B12—most powerful biological chemical yet discovered, which in doses measured in billionths of ounces is capable of arresting pernicious anemia—also is prov ing an effective remedy for thvrotoxicity caused by over-secreting thyroid glands. This in indicated in experiments in sev eial laboratories, according to a report just issued by the Nutrition Foundation of New York. If the results hold up, a second impor tant medical use will have been established for this elusive vitamin, which apparently is the anti-anemia substance in liver and which is essential to animal growth. The present results, however, do not estab lish conclusively that it is effective against thyrotoxicity for a prolonged period, but the indications are strongly to this effect. Meanwhile, according to the Nutrition Foundation report, some doubt has' arisen as to whether lack of this vitamin is the pri mary deficiency responsible for pernicious anemia. In rare cases, it has been found, the vitamin is excreted about as fast as it is administered and hence does the patient little good. In other cases there has been hardly any improvement in the blood count from the administration of B12 alone. There is an increasing belief that some other factor must be available in the oody before the most potent of the vitamins can exercise its full effect. Perhaps it is itself converted into this factor in the body's chemical laboratory. Questions and Answers A reader can get the answer to any question r*f fact by writing Th> Evening Star. Washington. D. C.. Information Bureau. 316 Eye St. N.E. Wash ington C. D. C. Please enclose three (3) cents for return postage. By THE HASKIN SERVICE Q. Please compare the speed of light and sound.—R. O. K. A. The speed of light is approximately 186,000 miles per second. The velocity of sound varies with the different media through which it passes. In air, sound has a speed of 1,090 feet per second; in water, at 4 degrees C.. 4,674 feet per second. The velocity of sound through a metal, such as steel, is 16,500 feet per second. Q. When and where the Negro scientist, George Washington Carver, born?—H. D. J. A. George Carver was born in January, 1860, in Diamond Grove, Mo., the son of slaves owned by Moses Carver. Mother and infant were stolen by a band of night raid ers. The mother disappeared but the baby was later found, abandoned, and returned to the Carver plantation. The finders were rewarded with a race horse worth $300. Q. How many copies of the “Bay Psalm Book" are in existence?—P. S. A. A. The volume that was sold in 1947 for $151,000 was one of the 11 copies known, jt was printed in 1640. Q. Are lions still found wild in all parts - of India?—J. D. « A. Indian lions are found only in the c 500 square mile Gir Forest in Kathiawar, near the west coast of India. Q. Why are skyscrapers 'not popular in England?—S. B. J. A. According to the British Information Services there are several reasons. The soil of London is clay, aqd foundations adequate to support skyscrapers would increase the capital outlay unreasonably. The soils of the other big cities are also alluvial. Lon don, by the time skyscrapers became popu lar in this country, had extensive specialized districts serving different interests of com merce which had developed through the past centuries without need to be cramped for space. Besides the heavy capital outlay, there were building by-laws to be con sidered; In London, for instance, there was the limit of 10 floors unless special excep tion was made. Since 1919, when the first Town Planning Act was passed, there has been a strong trend toward decentraliza tion. Vertical expansion results in traffic snarls and a heavy cost of engineering up keep. To all these points may be added that the British people have always shown a preference lor the smaller unit. Q.—Who invented the calabash pipe?— R. McD. A.—This type of pipe was invented by a British soldier in South Africa during the Boer War. Having broken the bowl of his pipe, he hollowed out the thin end of a calabash gourd and fashioned it into a pipe. Some smokers consider that calabash pipes give the mildest and sweetest flavor of all Pipes. __ Millcreek Road Jls I was walking Millcreek Road, I met a cart With a heavy load Of timothy And clover hay, Dry and sweet As the summer day. The drowsy horses . Trudged along, The farmer sang A jolly song. "Pigeons on the rafters, Nellie in her stall, Milk for the young ones, Butter for all. Milk on the whiskers Of our tom cat. I drink cider And don’t get fat." I passed him singing • Above the hill, Tor all I know \ He’s singing still. BEULAH MAT.