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WASHINGTON, D. C. Published by Thg Evening Star Nawapopar Company. SAMUEL H. KAUFFMANN, President. B. M. McKELWAY, Editor. MAIN OFFICE: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Ave. NEW YORK OFFICE: 110 East 42d St. CHICAGO OFFICE: 433 North Michigan Ave. Delivered by Carrier—Metropolitan Area. Daily and Sunday Daily Only Sunday Only Monthly -1.20* Monthly.—*0. 10c per copy Weekly —30c Weekly .—20* 10c per copy •10c additional whan 3 Sundays are in a month. Also 10* additional for Night Final Edition In those sections where delivery is mad*. Rates by Mail—Payable in Advance. Anywhere In United States. (venlng and Sunday Evening *“"daY 1 month -.1.30 1 month — *0c 1 month 60c 6 month... 7.30 6 month. . 3.00 6 month. 3.00 1 year_13.00 1 year_10.00 1 year -4.00 Telephone STerling 3000. Intered at the Pott Office, Washington, D. €., as ••cond-clast mail mat tar. Member of the Asseciated Press. The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the «e for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper, as well as all A. P. news dispatches. i~i8 THURSDAY, July 21, 1W Chicago Comes to Washington The newspaper world has been buzzing with rumors for several weeks over the possible sale of the Times-Herald. The rumors put the Washington Post in No. 1 position as the prospective purchaser. But the facts, confirmed last night in the brief announcement from Col. Robert R. Mc Cormick, editor and publisher of the Chi cago Tribune, represent the more logical culmination of the evolutionary process which began nearly twenty years ago when the late Mrs. Eleanor Patterson began editing the Herald for William Randolph Hearst. Mrs. Patterson was a large owner of the valuable stock of the Tribune Company, owner of the Chicago Tribune, New York Daily News and the newspaper syndicate operated by those two papers... Her hold ings in that Quarter enabled her to pur chase the Herald and the Times from Mr. Hearst ten years ago. Her merger of the papers and their subsequent twenty-four hour operation, under her direction while she lived and under the ownership and direction of the seven employes to whom she bequeathed the paper, has been a profitable operation. The circumstances which produced the sale of this property to the Tribune Co. undoubtedly Involve the tax problems arising in connection with so large an estate as that left by Mrs. Patterson, listed in probate records as exceeding $15,000,000. Other considerations, such as the person alities, age and previous experience of the seven Times-Herald beneficiaries may have influenced the decision to sell. And liqui dation undoubtedly was made more com plex by the fact that a substantial part of Mrs. Patterson’s fortune was represented in the tightly held and highly valued stock of the Tribune £o., not easily to be disposed Of on the op#n. ip&rket, The sale, therefore, amounts to a return of the Times-Herald to the parent cor poration represented in its original pur chase. It completes an “axis” that now Includes newspapers in the three most Important Cities of,the country—Chicago, New York and Washington. It is going to produce interesting effects in the local competitive picture of Washington jour nalism, and marks one of the most sig nificant newspaper combinations in his tory. • ' German Election Campaign Although crowded off the front pages ©f our press by the impact of more dra matic foreign news, the election campaign now in full swing throughout West Ger many is highly important, not only in its outcome but perhaps even more in the manner it is waged. This will be the first free election in Germany since Hitler’s coming to power sixteen years ago. The world is watching to see how Germans will handle the installment of political re sponsibility vouchsafed them by the West ern Powers who occupy West Germany and possess ultimate authority. This basic fact is, indeed, one of the prime determinants of the campaign itself. The West Germans, though enabled to go to the polls and make their unfettered choice of candidates to a federal parlia ment, know that this legislative organ of the new “Federal Republic of Germany” has restricted competence in a stajte that is not sovereign. Furthermore, they are painfully aware that this regime is, in a sense, the symbol of that profound cleft In their nationhood which will not be healed until West Germany and the Rus sian zone in the east again possess political and economic unity. To be sure, few Ger mans can hope that this election can do anything immediate to remedy those fundamental ills, which are not '“practical politics” and thus not concrete campaign Issues. Nevertheless, they will be included in the campaign oratory, because all candi dates must treat them sympathetically 1f they are to gain the favor of the voters. As the Germans slowly emerge from the paralysis of utter defeat and collapse, their aspirations for regained national unity and an end to foreign occupation and controls wax ever stronger. This is inevitable. It j remains to be seen whether those aspira tions will be kept within the bounds of practical realism. It likewise remains to be seen how wisely the Western Powers will regard and handle the resurgence of Ger man nationalism and its demands. So far as immediate issues are con cerned, they are embodied in the platforms of the two leading political parties. These are the Social Democrats and a coalition best described as Christian Democrats. The differences between them are very real. The Social Democrats are moderate Social ists closely akin to the British Labor Party. In order to insure the carrying out of their program of nationalization of industry and thoroughgoing social welfare, they need a centralized government far exceeding that provided for in the present Federal Constitution. The Christian Democrats, on the other hand, are against both economic socialization and political centralization. They combine “laissez-faire” liberalism in the economic field with what we would call •“states rights”—the federalist tradition which survived even’ under the Hohenzol lem Empire and went into growing eclipse under both the Weimar Republic and the Hitlerian “Third Reich.” The Christian Democrats are therefore substantially sat- 1 isfled with the federalistic character of the present constitution, even though they deplore as strongly as the Social Demo crats Germany’s present disunion, foreign occupation and alien controls. From present indications, both these major parties will be strongly represented in the coming parliament. The uncertain quantities are the minor parties, some of which represent extremist views to right and left, ranging from thinly-disguised neo-Nazis to the Communists. It should also be remembered that a majority of the qualified voters are not affiliated with any party and exhibit a profound lethargy toward politics. Out of these diverse fac tors the election result will be determined. A 'Dirt Farmer' on Point 4 A pronouncement by the head of the United Nations Food and Agricultural Or ganization is a refreshing example of com mon-sense sagacity in these days of bureaucratic toploftiness and routine thinking. The FAO is charged with in vestigating conditions in its field through out the globe and suggesting improvements in every phase of the world’s food supply. It has as Its director general an American named Norris E. Dodd. That the choice was a wise one is shown by his reflections on a world-wide inspection trip he has just made to check on the FAO teams of experts who are at work in many lands, especially the backward ones. Mr. Dodd is a highly successful “dirt farmer” who started from scratch and came up the hard way. Intensely practical, he has no patience with theorists who think in grandiose terms or of diplomats and politicians looking for fat handouts. According to him, it takes surprisingly little money to get big results. What is needed more than cash is brains, ingenuity and "know-how.” As he puts it: “You don’t start with vast expensive projects of mechanization” in order to better the lot of hundreds of millions of people now living near the starvation line. “If we could bring half the world from the era of the sickle to the era of the scythe, we would have moved ahead a hundred years in one jump.” Getting down to particulars, Mr. Dodd . cites a case in point from India. There, he found that rice, a major food staple, is still being planted, cultivated, harvested and threshed entirely by hand. But over in Japan he discovered a simple hand worked machine made of galvanized iron and a few nails which greatly increased the speed of threshing. Mr. Dodd got a sample into the hands of the Indian ^government, which plans to turn out multitudes of them for the peasants. The Indians had never heard of this cheap but effective Japanese device. Similarly, he cites corn yields in Italy raised 128 per cent as the result of demonstrations to farmers on the use of hybrid seed and of Marshall Plan aid in getting the seed to Italy. Another point stressed by Mr. Dodd is the quick response of farmers everywhere to improvements when these are simple and within their means. In China, for instance, a, few FAO experimental stations demonstrate how to eliminate poultry dis eases. The news spread so fast that tam ers Journey vast distances to find out about it. But such success depends on getting in direct touch with the people. By coptrast, Mr. Dodd says that in many countries he visited "officials of the agri cultural ministries didn’t even talk to the farmers, and in fact had no notion of how to get in contact with farmers. They were shocked when I turned down sug gestions to look at their latest big projects and said I would like to see some farms and talk to some farmers.” The basic lesson in all this is that “it is not money that counts but training persons to train other people to adopt simple technical processes that require nothing more than local materials and local labor to produce. When that has been done, it is time enough to talk about ‘mechanization’.” Mr. Dodd is an enthu siastic advocate of President Truman’s idea for the development of backward areas, usually known as “Point Four.” He sees in it tremendous possibilities, but only if the program is not allowed to dissipate itself in generalities and demands of gov ernments for vast sums of money before anything gets done. Mr. Dodd seems to be an outstanding instance of the “American way,” in the best sense of that term. His suggestions are applicable to many other fields than agriculture. A Colored American The statement made by Jackie Robinson before the House Committee on Un American Activities has won acclaim as an effective reply to the Paul Robeson con tention that Negroes would not fight for this country in a war with Russia. It was important, no doubt, to have some such refutation from a prominent Negro spread upon the record. But it seems to The Star that the observations of the Brooklyn Dodgers’ second baseman were much more important simply as a statement from Jackie Robinson. He made it perfectly clear that his own brilliant success in major league baseball has left him with no illusions as to the handicaps imposed by discrimination against Negroes and other minority groups. And he was entirely candid in announcing his own determination to work for an end to all racial discrimination. At the same time, however, he spoke as a man who realizes that true equality is an individual matter, rather than a question of groups or classes. He began by saying, and without being stuffy about it, that he had decided to appear before the committee against the advice of some of his friends because he felt thafhe had a responsibility to do so. That responsibility was to explain the point of view of the Negro as he sees it, and to urge the need for better understanding by white people of the Negro viewpoint. He conceded that there are Negro Com munists, and that in event of war they probably would act like any other Com munists. But he made the point that radicalism is also an individual matter, and that though the Communists may try to capitalize on the grievances of the Negro, this does not mean that the Negro is more susceptible to communism than ,any other group. In his judgment, a start has been made toward equality of opportunity for the Negro and he thinks progress will continue to be made. He will do what he can to assist that progress, but meanwhile he 1 does not intend to throw away his stake in, the future of America in exchange for communism or any other ism. Most certainly, the views expressed by Jackie Robinson were not the views of a "second-class” citizen. Any one who will take the trouble to read his statement will come away with the firm impression that this colored American is a citizen of the first rank. Queer Views on Stock-Piling Senator Elmer Thomas, Democrat, of Oklahoma evidently has some odd ideas about the importance of military stock piling. His comments to the press in connection with his efforts to cut stock pile appropriations indicate that he could benefit from some indoctrination on stra tegic materials in scarce supply. The Senator, who is chairman of the Senate Subcommittee on Military Appro priations, was quoted as telling reporters that “at a time when we are at peace” it seems "cockeyed” for the National Munitions Board to contend that the country needs a $3>/2 billion stock pile of strategic materials. But the whole pur pose of military stock-piling is to build up in peacetime a supply of the things which the Nation will need if war strikes. Strategic stock piles cannot be built up in wartime because the items which compose them are the ones which are not available in this country—at least in the amounts required to win the war. It would be a cockeyed policy indeed which restricted the National Military Establish ment to wartime stock-piling. Senator Thomas also indicated doubt as to the need for storing large amounts of certain materials in the strategic list. He told reporters a one-year supply would “seem adequate in peacetime.” But Con gress would be wise to accept the con sidered judgment of our military experts as to the materials needed and the amounts necessary to give a reasonable degree of security. Unfortunately, there is no assur ance that another war would last only a year. We would be taking a grave risk if we limited our stock pile" of chemicals, metals and other selected materials to a one-year supply. The really serious thing about Senator Thomas’ interview, however, was his star tling indiscretion in reading to reporters a confidential military list of items in short supply, with the amounts on hand and the estimated needs. It is just that sort of information that foreign spies are sent to this country to obtain, by whatever devious means they can devise to do so. That is why details of our strategic stock pile have been guarded so carefully in the past. Why Senator Thomas should have disclosed such secret data is beyond comprehension. Back in the home town, a miss who showed up with a sunburned stomach would have been tanned elsewhere. This and That By Charles E. Tracevoell The grasshopper around here is a field curiosity, but out West he is a real menace, as news stories from Nevada tell us. - This is the Rocky Mountain or migratory locust. Short-horned grasshoppers are the true locusts. Hitherto its breeding place has been the plains of Colorado, Wyoming, Montana and Idaho. At one time, from 1874 to 1876, it migrated, to Kansas and Nebraska, and to Iowa and Missouri. At that time more than $200,000,000 worth of crops were destroyed. Today the damage is far greater. One writer then was very much mistaken when he wrote: "The Governjnent appointed a special commission to investigate them. “It is not likely that there will ever again be such a scourge of locusts in this country, for there is now more food in the Rocky Mountain States, and men are also learning how to partially control them.” * * * y The red-legged locust is much like the terrible fellow of the West but has shorter wings. This is the most common grass hopper, the one small boys used to tell to “spit tobacco juice.” Another common one is the Carolina locust, the big light brown one that seemed to prefer dusty country roads. It would fly up in one’s face and then drop down, and apparently disappear in the road. Katydids are long-horned grasshoppers. This is the one whose lusty music may be heard for a long distance, at least a fourth of a mile, and many of them together much farther. The noise is made by rubbing the outer wings together. Whether or not it is the loudest sound made by a creature of its size is a question. The male katydid is the singer, if we wish to call him so. The female is silent. No less a poet than Oliver Wendell Holmes, however, in trying to be humorous, wrote: “Thou art a female katydid, I know it by the trill That quivers through thy piercing notes, , So petulant and shrill!” Not such bad poetry, perhaps, but poor entomology. The terrible migratory locusts, or grass hoppers, produce their sounds by using the wing cover as a violin and the Jiind leg tts & bow* An Associated Press report from Reno. Nev., in telling how 3,000 square miles had been covered by these creatures, said that the band of hoppers was 75 miles long and 40 miles deep, with an estimated 50 adults to each square yard. “Moving only by daylight, the hoppers sound like the roar of a distant waterfall or the rumbling of a fast freight,” said the A. P. It is impossible to stand in the face of the onslaught without protecting the head with one’s arms. In the band instanced were egg beds cov ering more than 188,000 acres. Such stories recall the warnings of ento mologists that the insects finally would conquer the world. It is the number of them, rather than the individual ferocity, which might make such a thing possible. Insects are not all terrible, silent things, but often, as in the grasshoppers, give an impression rather of happiness in living. Certainly those who will recall the 17-year locusts, really cicadas, of 1934 will remember always the great cascading roar of sound they made in near by Maryland, particularly along Brookeville road. Their little eyes looked out intelli gently enough, as they climbed the trees into the sunlight after so long in darkness. The insect menace is one to be respectful of, and surely must be fought if mankind is to endure, but man himself is probably a greater enemy of man than the grass hoppers and others. Pope long ago said that the proper study of mankind is man; man is the real enemy of our species that , must be tamed if human life is to endure on this globe. Letters to The Star Things >»ashington Should Do ti Well In Musical Progress as Denver To tho Editor el The Star: It seems strange to me that the people of the District let great opportunities pass by, particularly in the case of the National Symphony Orchestra’s board of directors’ letting the Ration’s Capital down by not accepting Dr. Serge Koussevitzky's offer. Dr. Koussevitzky is among the great con ductors of our time, but his plan or ideal was more important. The directors were given the opportunity of making the District the musical center of our country, but they couldn’t see beyond monetary values. It seems logical that the Nation’s Capital should be the center of cultural activities, as well as governmental agencies, museums and memorials to our great past, the home of the President during his term of office and the highest legal tribunal. In contrast, since the war, Denver, Colo rado. has improved its symphony orchestra standing. If Denver can do it (and it has been just as much a financial headache there), then certainly Washington can. DOLLY VARDEN. Proposes Improvements At Water Gate Concert To the Editor ot The 8tar; Inasmuch as the Water Gate concerts are something of a civic activity in our town, I would like to offer these suggestions for the benefit of art-loving audiences: 1. Raise the stage 3 to 5 feet so that action can be seen by those occupying chair seats on the roadway. As it is now, the sale of tickets in all but the first rows of chairs is a cruel joke. At last Friday’s performance my family occupied 90-cent seats. During the first act, we barely were able to see Madam Slavinska’s head; during the second act, with the barge raised by the tide, we were able to catch a glimpse of her hips. What a ballet! No legs! No feet! 2. Check over the amplifying system and readjust microphone location to eliminate the harsh metallic quality of the music. The reproduction was decidedly bad; I can get better fidelity on my 12-year-old radio and out of some well-worn records. With the opera scheduled for early August, immediate steps to rectify the above-men tioned defects should be in order. L. 8. Raises Question of Health Risks At Local Swimming Pools To the Editor of The Ster: In the recent discussion of the status of city pools, your paper reported a statement of the Northwest Council of Citizens’ Asso ciations which provokes a question that goes deeper than the one of whether Negroes and whites should be allowed to swim together. The council requested that the Recreation Board maintain its policy of segregation because of the greater incidence of tuber culosis and syphilis among colored residents of the District. Their letter to the board stated: “It is the position of the Northwest Council of Citizens’ Associations that among the foremost duties of the government of the District of Colum bia is the protection of the health of its citizens and the prevention of the spread of readily communicable and transmissible diseases.” Are we to Infer from this observation of the council that patrons of municipal pools subject themselves to contracting disease? Are the centers, as the statement suggests, so carelessly run that they are pools of contagion? Or has this argument been ad vanced because of its emotional power to strengthen the barrier of segregation? t agree with the Northwest Council of Citizens’ Associations that the protection of health and the prevention of the spread of disease are among the foremost duties of our city government. But segregating the races is not a very adequate means of better ing conditions. It would appear that a more selective means of dividing the clean from the Infected could be employed than the mere separation of races. Healthy persons, Negro and white, demand sanitary bathing conditions. Are we being given them by the operators of the swim ming pools? Healthy persons want to run no risk of infection from germs of either white or Negro ill. DOROTHY BOGAN. State Department Minority Blamed for Covering Up Mistakes To the Editor of The Ster: Allow me to express my appreciation of Constantine Brown’s column in The Sunday Star in which he emphasized the fine co-op eration and mutual respect that existed be tween Senators and Cordell Hull when the latter was Secretary of State. The New Deal martyred Mr. Hull! It would seem of late that the Fair Deal minority In the State Department are play ing domestic politics. There’s little "bi partisan” foreign policy when, unknown to Republicans, Fair Deal extremists, or what have you, attempt to pull fast ones. New Dealers and Fair Dealers in the State Department seem to be engaged primarily in covering up the ’mistakes of Teheran and Yalta. Our bipartisan policy evolved from the idea of doing what was best for our country and the world. It never was to be New Dealish or pro-Communlst. Nor was it to be an opportunistic policy, appealing to fellow-travelers. I am sure Mr. Acheson’s contortions must leave our Latin American friends bewildered. Let us remember: Stalin’s aggression was condoned at Yalta and Potsdam. JOSEPH A. GROURKE. Real Religious Freedom Held To Be Exemption From “Any Authority” T<f the Editor of The SUr: The World Council of Churches has closed its sessions in England with a call to all Christians to resist totalitarian encroach ments on their religious faith. The Roman Catholic Church has issued a declaration that all Catholics who at the «ame time accept communism automatically are excommunicated. Both these organizations act on the con viction that the religious faith of Christian believers should not be under the Jurisdic tion or control of civil government. That, they declare, is religious liberty. And they call for the full exercise of religious liberty everywhere in the world and for every person. Religion, and the manner of ex pressing it, are not to be hampered by civil government. They are right.' That is religious liberty. But that is not the whole of religious liberty. It is ohly a part. The religious convictions of Christian be lievers. and the rights of individual con science. are no more under the jurisdiction and control .of the church than they are of the state. That is the other part of true religious liberty. Genuine religious liberty includes not alone full and perfect freedom of religion and faith from prohibition or interference by the state; it covers also full and perfect freedom of .the individual believer from prohibition or interferences, or Jurisdiction, in the matter of religion or faith, by the church. Communistic governments. which have proscribed, or interfered with, or attempted to exercise jurisdiction over, the religious belief and practice of individual Christians have not encroached upon the jurisdiction of either the World Council of Churches or the Roman Catholic Church. These matters are no more in their jurisdiction than that of the state. When communism attempts to exercise twttUfttan ever and control the nUtfew Letters for publication must bear the signature and address of the writer, although it is permissible for a writer known to The Star to use a nom de plume. Please be brief. convictions and practices of Individual be lievers, that is not only a denial and viola tion of religious liberty. It is also totali tarianism. When the World Council of Churches and the Catholic Church attempt to exercise jurisdiction over and control the religious convictions and practices of individual be lievers, that, too, is a denial and violation of genuine religious liberty. It is also totalitarianism. Genuine religious liberty is freedom from the exercise of any authority, by either church or state, in matters of religion or faith. CARLYLE B. HAYNES. Calls for Break in Relations With Russia for the World’s Benefit To the Editor of The Star: The Communist-dominated Czech govern ment has created, with deliberation and malice aforethought, a situation which de mands immediate action by the United States Government. The Roman Catholic Church is the im« mediate target, but the faithful member^ of other religions surely will be doomed, if the maniacs in Moscow succeed in their present plot against the largest single group of religious people in Czechoslovakia. Thousands and thousands of Catholics now are faced with making a momentous' decision, many of them with large families. Will they defy the ultimatum from Moscow, with the resulting torture and suffering that may be expected? Our answer is: Yes, and especially so, if they are given immediate moral support by the American people. Citizens of this country will want to do something and to do it quickly. The only way they can take action effectively is through official channels. These officials, from President Truman to the newest elected member of Congress, also are faced with a tremendous decision. Will they take the ball which Moscow has kicked in their face, and run with it, or will they run away from it? These officials should remember that President Roosevelt on November 16, 1933, declared a renewal of normal diplomatic relations between the United States and Soviet Russia, after many conferences with Commissar of Foreign Affairs Litvinov. These conferences apparently had convinced Presi dent Roosevelt that Russia had become a civilized country and was capable and de sirous of associating in an honorable and businesslike manner with the other countries of the world. Since 1933, Russia entered into illicit relations with Hitler, and subsequently was almost annihilated by the German Army. Russia would not exist today, if It were not for the aid and assistance received from this country. Diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union should be severed by President Truman im mediately and decisively, for the good of the people of the world. JOHN F. HILL YARD. Another Critic Arises To Challenge Kyra Petrovskaya To th» Bdltor of Tht Star: I have been reading The Star for many years and always have admired the high standards to which you adhere in your news paper. For this reason you can imagine my surprise when I came across “My Date With Stalin’s Son,” by Kyra Petrovskaya, printed in last Sunday’s This Week magazine. Because of my Interest and respect for The 8tar, I want to voice my objections against the printing of such an obvioufly exaggerated and melodramatic piece at nonsense. Miss j Petrovskaya’s article rings'ae false that it insults the intelligence of your more dis cerning readers. However, disturbing as this is, my real objection is of a more serious nature. “My Date With Stalin’s Son,” aside from being absurd, can be most injurious to writers who are trying to bring to the Amer ican people an honest and realistic picture of the Russian way of life, since the extreme tactics used by such writers as Miss Petrovs kaya usually backfire. These misguided authors unwittingly find that they have presented the Communists with a golden opportunity for assuming the role of vindic tive accusers. I have read similar articles with regrets but I am particularly disturbed about en countering one in a supplement to The Star. A DISAPPOINTED READER. Taxpayer Gives Further Exposition Of Views on Paternalism in Government To th* Editor of Th« Star: Your cutting of my letter against the Bar den bill gave Laura #ollock wrong conclu sions. For her information, Taxpayer is one of 10 children, has 49 nieces and nephews, and has lost count of the number of grand nieces and nephews, and also is making ar rangements to adopt a child. Taxpayer’s books as well as the nieces’ and nephews’ school books were paid for by their parents, and all of them are in very moderate finan cial standing. They are Catholics. Taxpayer has worked 32 years in the Gov ernment service and still is too young to retire even at a reduced annuity. Taxpayer is against paternalism in Government for any group. Leave that to the Russians. Taxpayer is no "babe-in-the-woods” when It comes to Government spending, and be lieves that paternalism should only be used during great depressions to make the wheels turn. What you get when the Government takes over your personal problems is dictatorship by a majority which is no improvement on a personal dictator. I’m not against books bought by the States for those.in a particular State who really are poor, but buying books for all school chil dren is part of the responsibility of being a parent. I’m not against education, but I might remind Miss Pollock that it is often our highest educated children that come up for treason. TAXPAYER. • — Doubts President’s Advisers and Supports Congressmen Favoring Economy To tbo Editor of The star: The President’s recent radio address on the present condition of the country would give the impression that everything is all right and that we have nothing to worry about—that just a little deficit spending on the part of the Government is all that is needed to keep us on an even keel. The writer, for one, is sorry he can’t be lieve this. It sounds too easy and simple against the' background of these unsettled times. It causes one to wonder if Mr. Tru man, himself, really believes it and if so, how he “gets that way.” He certainly is in a better position to know than the rest of us. Can it be attributed to the advice he gets? If so. maybe Senator Byrd’s proposal to quiz his advisers is a timely one. We, of course, would like to believe the President and feel that we could trust the course he is trying to pursue and give it our full support. But with the political flavor of his utter ances and his record for spending in mind, we are Just left without confidence. Let us hope that Congressmen will be made to feel that they have the united support of the people in their efforts toward economy m Government. Let all good Americans rise up and make themselves heard. _ ft. /. ITAIUE The Political Mitt Scott Successor's Choice < No Easy Task forG.O. P. Committee Members Resent Mov*’ By Outsiders to Pick Chairmen By Gould Lincoln Members of the Republican National Com mittee, having obtained from National Chair man Hugh D. Scott, Jr., a definite statement of resignation, are finding the selection of hia successor no easy task. A definite sentiment in favor of the election of a chairman from the ranks of the committee is manifesting Itself. Indeed, considerable resentment has been expressed over efforts of "outsiders”—non members of the committee—to pick a nevf ’ national chairman. One report to the effect that Gov. Dewey of New York and Senator Taft of Ohio both would be satisfied with former Senator John Danaher of Connecti cut, as chairman, caused quite a flurry among committeemen now in Washington. Mr. Danaher is .not a member of the committee, although in the past he has been closely associated with it, particularly as liaison officer with the Congress. But Mr. Danaher has indicated he would not accept. Another outsider who has been put forward is A. T. "Bert” Howard. Republican State chairman for Nebraska, Senator Wherry of Nebraska, Republican floor leader of the Upper House, is backing him. Danaher Generally Liked. Mr. Danaher is generally liked. He ha* the qualifications which are needed for an efficient chairman and comes from a Stata where the contest between the Republican and Democratic Parties is always severe. But apparently the advancement of his name ha* caused candidates within the committee it self—and their friends—a lot of anguish. Here is another case of personal ambitions. There is no rule which compels the selec tion of a member of the committee for chair man. Mr. Scott, the retiring chairman, for example, is not a member of the committee. He was picked by presidential nomine# Thomas E. Dewey to head the committee. It is only between presidential campaign* . that the party’s national committee (either Republican or Democratic), has a free swing, at choosing a national chairman. The prac tice has been to have the presidential nomine^ of the party put his finger on a man to be-/ come national chairman and run the cam*^ paign. He holds on or is appointed to 'ome.' high Government position and retires from the chairmanship (there have been in-s „ stances, however, where the chairman held on to both jobs). . . The full membership of the Republican National Committee is 106, representing th* States, territories and the District of Colum bia. The committee is to meet here August 4 to receive Mr. Scott’s resignation and elect his successor. Mr. Scott has been a target, ever since the 1948 election was lost. Hi* opponents in the committee, having tasted blood, now want to fight out the chairman ship selection in their own way. They seem to have overlooked, however, that the friend* , of Mr. Scott in the committee constitute a. considerable bloc and that they retain at least a veto power which could be used against a chairman candidate they did not like. Ont for Man of Choice. Also there seems no way for the committee to get entirely away from outside influences. Friends of Messrs. Dewey, Taft and Stassen, the three leading candidates for the presi- . dential nomination last year, are not going to let slide the opportunity of “doing some thing” for the man of their choice. The main thing, however, is to. pick a chairman who is capable, who knows about party organization and can build up both the organization and the financial support which are necessary for the campaign next year and in 1952. The National Committee la. primarily for organizational purposes. It* members are not elected by the people but put forward by the various State and terri torial delegations attending the national con ventions, and elected by the convention. Among the members of the national com mittee who are either candidates or whose names have been suggested for the chair-.. manship are Carroll Reece of Tennessee, who was chairman before Mr. Scott took over; Guy Gabrielson of New Jersey, former Gov. Ralph Gates of Indiana, Arthur E. Summer- . field of Michigan and Harry Darby of Kansas. Questions and Answers A reader can get the answer to Any question •f fact by writing The Evening Star Information flUreau, 31fl I Street N.E.. Washington 3. D. C. lease lncloao 3 cents for return postage. By THE HASKIN SERVICE. Q. Please identify the statue in the out-... field of Polo Grounds, New York.—J. C. A. There is a stone monument in the . outfield at the Polo Grounds near the club-,. house with a tablet commemorating Captl. Edward L. Grant, who was a Harvard grad- , uate, star third baseman of the Giants, was killed in action at the Argonne Forest, October 5, 1918. He was a captain in the ' 307th Infantry of the 77th Division. f Q. What is the Illinois ’Dram Shop AefT, —r. h. s. A. The Illinois Dram Shop Act is an aef „ to protect the public from the sale of liquor to Intoxicated persons. The law provide* that a tavern keeper can be sued for in juries received as a result of the action* of an intoxicated person to whom he had sold liquor. Q. When pilgrims returned from Cantor- . bury, what objects were they permitted tp take with them?—G. B. A. In the same way that a pilgrim td Rome obtained little pewter or lead effigies of SS. Peter or Paul, so the Canterbury pilgrim returned from his journey carrying bells and also a flask containing a few drops . of the blood of St. Thomas a Beeket. . _ 1 Q —Which is faster, the human eye or the camera?—J. K. A.—The Better Vision Institute, Inc., says that it is impossible to give any definite answer to the question as to which is faster,, the nake^ eye or a camera eye, and how fast it may be. Each eye registers differently. Vision is an interpretation of a stimulus to the retina by a ray of light, and a perSdh with slow reaction misses many retinal stim uli and therefore has sluggish vision. On Jtte other hand, a camera is constant in its fifbft ings. A split speed shutter would probably be found to be much faster than the eye, if . a consistent comparison could be made. - ■' - *j After the Circus White kangaroos, the clouds leap dimn the sky, The elm tree is a tall, pale-green giraffe; Haystacks are red-brown elephants lum bering by, - The pump, a monkey with a creaky laugh. How the old plow horse is a magic thing Because a gay cloud-girl is riding Mm In rosy tinsel, lightly rollicking. And the big tractor, once so stolid, ffritn, Is a rhinoceros snorting on a chain, The earth inside the chicken yard becomes A sleeping panther fust this momentilaiff Down in his cage; the wind is peffnted drums, •* The boy himself, c lion-tamer bold, The old yard dog, a lion, W brown and goM.’ BEATRICE RAW. 1 4