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Conferees to Draft
Compromise Version Of Unification Bill Senate and House conferees will be given the job of writing the final version of a bill intended to further the armed services unifi cation principle. This was assured yesterday when the Senate substituted its own broad unification measure for one passed by the House Monday which dealt merely with book keeping procedures. Chairman Vinson of the House Armed Service Committee, who brought the lesser proposal to the floor when his committee could not agree on all features of one similar to the Senate version, said he would try to bring the Senate bill into line with the plan put aside by his group. Mr. Vinson will be chairman cf the House conferees. The Senate bill provides for a single Department of Defense to replace the present National Mili tary Establishment. The three armed services no longer would be full-status departments. The authority of Defense Sec retary Johnson would be broad ened, a chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff would be created, and the fiscal reforms of the House bill would be placed in effect. The House bill which Mr. Vin ton’s committee did not bring to the floor contains the main fea tures of the Senate measure, with a number of variations. One would require Mr. Johnson to con sult with Senate and House com mittees before putting a major consolidation proposal into ef fect. Times-Herald (Continued From First Page.> tance and income taxes on the estate. No announcement was made by the seven executives on future policies of the Times-Herald. sale of which had been rumored for several days. The Chicago Tribune, as well as the Times-Herald, has been aharply critical of administration domestic and foreign policies. The Tribune has a long history of pro Uolation editorial policy. Started as Shoestring Project. The Times-Herald started out as the shoestring project of a group of unemployed printers in 1894 and was called the Washing ton Times. It was published in the afternoon. Successive owners from that time to 1918 when William Randolph Hearst acquired the Times, were C. G. Conn, wealthy manufacturer of musical Instruments; Stilson Hutchins, Frank Munsey and Arthur Bris bane, the Hearst columnist. The old morning Herald was Started in 1906 by a group of Washington businessmen and newspapermen. It was purchased to 1913 by Clinton T. Brainard, then president of the McClure Newspaper syndicate. Mr. Brafri ard sold the Herald in 1920 to a group that included Herbert' Hoover, Charles R. Crane, Chicago plumbing magnate, and Julius Barnes, a Duluth wheat operator. Mrs. Patterson moved into the picture in 1930 when Mr. Hearst made her editor of the Herald. Later she leased both the Times and the Herald from Mr. Hearst with an option to buy. She exer cised this option in 1939, merged the newspapers into the Times Herald and ran it actively until her death._ Farm (Continued From First Page.) the Government, meaning the taxpayers, would pay the farmers the difference between the aver age price they got and what the Government established as a fair price. This, Mr. Brannan said, would mean lower food costs for con sumers and stable income for farmers. It would abandon on a large number of crops the present mechanisms for supporting the farmer’s price in the market by Government loans and purchases. The House Agriculture Com mittee decided to let Mr. Brannan select three crops to test his pro gram. The secretary mentioned hogs as one of the first he would like to try out. But opposition formed quickly, particularly against a trial on hogs. By withdrawing market supports for hogs, the opposition argued, the prices of all meats would be pulled down. Fo the committee decided to support an amendment limiting Mr. Brannan to trials on eggs, potatoes and wool. In a radio interview last night Benator Aiken disputed Mr. Bran nan’s contention that the secre tary’s plan would mean lower food prices._» Bevin (Continued From First Page.i my own mind. If the British cabinet had had to consider the phrase, I have not the slightest doubt that they would have ad vised against it.” Middle East Parley Opened. Earlier, Mr. Bevin opened • private conference of Brit ish diplomats from the Middle East to plot Britain’s future line In that uneasy strategic area. British representatives in Israel, Hashemite Jordan (Trans-Jor dan), Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Aden, Egypt, Ethi* opia and Afghanistan are on hand for the Middle East talks, sched uled to last through Tuesday. Since the last such meeting in IMS, the Jewish state of Israel has come into being and fought a winning war with the Arabs. A thorough re-examination of Britain’s position in the Middle East began in the meeting of diplomats. Concern over military security Vaughan Gets Cardboard Medal From Truman for Train Exploit : :#P**ATI0N UNION #TAT!0N AJ CtN- NAHAV N**A**««AN, ULSA PAf».Df»T HA««y S.TAUMAN . r - in. , I.I -- ■ -■^ A reproduction of the medal President Truman gave to ms military aide, MaJ. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan. —AP Photo from Newsweek Magazine. Ma.1. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, President Truman's Army aide, has a new decoration—this one from the Chief Executive himself. Styled “Medal Operation Union Station.” the newest addition to the general’s collection commem orates a recent brush with news men at Union Station, and was ceremoniously conferred by the President, it was learned last night. The design is a rolling stretch of railroad track drawn on a card board background. The incident which prompted the presidential recognition oc curred July 6 when Gen. Vaughan, returning from a Caribbean cruise, used strong language to reporters and threatened to punch the nose of a photographer when he was questioned about “five percenters" who used reputed influence to get Government contracts. It was a controversial Argen tinian decoration conferred on Gen. Vaughan- that caused Presi dent Truman to hang his now famous “S. O. B.” on radio and journalistic critics of hfs staff. Mr. Truman refused to com ment on the “Operation Union Station" medal at his news con ference today. was indicated by the announce ment that officials of the army, navy and air force will be called into the talks before they end next Tuesday. Bevin Gives Directives. Mr. Bevin gave the conference its directives. The chairmanship will be assumed by Hector Mc Neil, Minister of State. Several of the British ambas sadors and political representa tives flew to London on short notice to give their views. An analysis of Israel's rela tions with the Arab states and the influence of this on British policy is to be presented to the conference by A. K. Helm, British minister to the new state. Communist pressures in the area are certaini to be taken into account. An urgent problem con fronting the poltpy makers' ts JJft question of providing for some 800,000 Arabs who lost their homes as a result of Arab-Jewish fighting. 100 Miniature Boats.. Compete in Regatta Nearly 100 little boats, sail and power, performed yesterday on the Capitol Plaza Pool in a model boat regatta sponsored by the District Recreation Department’s division of neighborhood centers. Judges reported no casualties but plenty of fun for the young skippers. The winners in the sub-junior division were: Bibby Gill. Hsarst Center, first in appearnce for homemade sailboat; Sam Miller, Anacostia, best workmanship, homemade sail; Tim Booth, Hearst, best performance, home made sail; Bobby Clem, Palisades, best appearance for homemade power boat; Dennis Colbert, Ken ilworth, workmanship, power; Ken Settles, Hillcrest, perform ance, power; Andy Butter, Vir ginia Avenue, peformance for fac tory-built sail; H. O. Lubbes, Ta koma, performance, factory-built jet boats. Junior class winners were: Kenny Talbert, Anacostia, ap pearance, homemade sail: Ralph Bussells. Dupont-Stoddert, work manship, homemade sail; Alan Levy, Anacostia, performance, homfmade sail; Lewis Irby, Du pont-Stoddert, appearance and workmanship for power boats; Morris Risley, Hearst, perform ance, power boats. Winners in the senior class were Teddy Lanthier, homemade sail boats for appearance, workman ship and performance, and Ray Pruitt, power boats for same three categories. The Western Hemisphere pro duced 77.8 per cent of the world's oil in 1948. +_ AIR FRANCK | FASTEST MOST DIRECT SERVICE TO ISRAEL 20 Flying Hour* From Naw York In Now#»t-Tyga, Inngast-Ranga CONSTELLATIONS Fnr Akava-Wanthar Flying i ij Whin you go.. .60 ij AIR FRANCE Y mur Travel A ••Hi nr AW FRANC! 1827 K St. N.W., Washington, D. C. STarling 8787 .. Johnson Asks Secrecy On Alaska Defense By Hit Associated Pres* Secretary of Defense Johnson assured Senators today that ade quate plans for defending Alaska are in operation but he asked to tell about them at a secret session. Mr. Johnson appeared before the Senate Armed Services Com mittee to urge quick approval of $643,000,000 worth of construction projects for the Army. Navy and Air Forces. The work would be done both in this country and overseas. He said these represent the "most strategically and critically necessary public works projects,” including buildings for defense installations and special research. Senator Rowland. Republican of California raised questions about the Alaskan defenses. Nu merous other members of Congress recently have been questioning means for protecting this point of United States territory nearest -Russia add Asia. .Sppato*^ |Cnowland wanted to know if defense officials had “taken all necessary precautions” for Alaska. Mr. Johnson said they had, but added he wanted to answer de tailed questions in closed session with reporters and witnesses excluded. The bill before the committee includes $130,000,000 worth of projects and construction In Alaska. Defendant Continues His Story Today in 'Lonely Hearts' Trial By the Associated Press NEW YORK. July 21.— Hawaiian-born Raymond Fer nandez who admits he married lovelorn women as a business, re turns to the witness stand today to continue his story of cross country romancing. He and his 185-pound sweet heart. Mrs. Martha Beck, 29, are on trial for the “lonely hearts” murder of Mrs. Janet Fay, 66, an Albany widow. They face similar charges for a double kill ing in Michigan. Before a courtroom jammed with women, the 34-year-old Fernandez yesterday recited de tails of his affairs in such in timate terms that at one point a woman spectator fled from the room. Some women jurors closed their eyes, and one covered her face with her hands. Fernandez, telling of the strange union between him and Mrs. Beck, paused once to ask permission "from Martha” to tell the story of their relationships. His bulky co-defendant said, “go ahead. Tell it.” Fernandez then described vari ous abnormal acts that marked their lives together. The bond that linked them, he related, was un broken by his romances with other .women. But he spoke of Mrs. Beck’s intense jealousy during periods when he was courting other wom en, and told of numerous at tempts by her to commit suicide. Fernandez denied that he helped kill Mrs. Fay, who was beaten and strangled in Valley Stream, N. Y„ last January. Her body was dug up later in a Queens basement after the couple was arrested in Michigan. There they are accused of kill ing another widow, Mrs. Delphine Downing, and her infant daugh ter. They were brought here for trial first because Michigan has no capital punishment, while New York does. | The defense is basing its case on the theory that Fernandez had nothing to do with killing Mrs. Fay, and that Mrs. Beck at tacked the widow in a moment of jealous insanity. Baltimore Man Indicted Again in Florida Killing ly Associated Press EVERGADES, FLA., July 21.— Merlin J. Leiby of Maryland is un der indictment again today for the murder of a Baltimore pharmacist in a case that has Florida author ities wrestling with legal knots. A Collier County grand jury in dicted Leiby yesterday for the sec ond time on a charge of killing Leonard Applebaum. The first in dictment was dropped when the defense challenged it. The State dug out an old, and never before used, law of “murder in transitude" to charge Leiby. This law permits a defendant to be tried in any county through which a transient has passed. In order to avoid conflicting consti tutional provisions requiring mur der cases to be tried in the Cbunty' in which the crime was committed, j State Attorney Mack Smiley said’ the Supreme Court will be asked to rule on it before Leiby’s trial. j Applebaum’s bullet-riddled body was found under a Tamiami Trail bridge in Collier County last March 14. But it never has been established where he was killed. Leiby has admitted killing Ap plebaum, but said he did it in self i defense. Negroes Filtering Back To Florida Homes as Guard Keeps Peace •y the Associated Press GROVELAND, Fla., July 21.— Negroes began filtering back to their homes here today, their fears calmed by National Guard troops in fighting array. Some loafed on the lone business street of this tiny lumber and truck farming town. They seemed at ease for the first time since racial violence broke out last Sat urday after the rape of a white housewife. Three Negroes were indicted for the crime late last night. Troops, 300 strong, lolled beside .50-caliber machineguns and weapon carriers. Not far away, two Guard planes were ready to take the air if needed. Hope Guard Will Remain. Some townsfolk hoped the Guard would remain over the week end. fearing another outbreak If they left. Brig. Gen. Mark Lance, State Adjutant General, was due here at noon to talk the situation over with Sheriff W. V. McCall. Gen. Lance said yesterday the troops would remain here indefinitely. The Guardsmen kept a weather eye out for trouble after noting a sudden influx of cars from Ala bama and Georgia. One man was nabbed by Guardsmen late last night and a pistol confiscated after he had been observing cruising near a Negro settlement at nearby Cler mont. He was released. Fourth Man Not Mentioned. The indictment ol the three Negroes on a charge of raping Mrs. Willie Padgett was returned almost on the stroke of midnight by a special grand jury convened at the Lake County seat of Tavares, 25 miles from here. Accused of the crime, a capital offense in Florida, were Charles Greenlee, Samuel Shepherd and Walter Irvin, all about 20. The indictment made no men tion of a fourth Negro whom Mrs. Padgett charges also partici pated in the assault on her and the robbery-beating of* her hus band last Friday. This man is still at large. D. C. Warns of Deadline Oiv Personal Properly Tax The District's new sales tax. effective August 1, does not elim inate the personal property levy required here, James L. Martin of the Personal Tax Division pointed out yesterday. Homeowners, business firms and professional people must file personal property tax returns by July 31. Returns postmarked be fore midnight on that date will be considered as having been filed on time. Stores must-list equipment, fix tures and inventory on hand as of July 1 in their returns. Doc tors, lawyers and other profes sional people must list their office equipment. Homeowners must include such property as house hold effects, jewelry, stamp or coin collections and tools. Personal - property tax- returns may be filed in the Assessor’s Of fice, room 2115 of the District Building. Late filing of returns makes them subject to a 20 per cent increase in assessment value. Church Carnival to Open FORESTVILLE, Md„ July 21; (Special).—The Mount Calvary Catholic Church will open its an nual carnival tomorrow on the church grounds, 7250 Marlboro pike. ZgZf fWi i ' ?4f- I,' >' <■'/ M *• I iiiiSy ~'' , «■*»■ W ■:■%■■ H At Both Stores ... BETHESDA AND DOWNTOWN WASHINGTON I I I i 5 OPEN SATURDAY $ Bothesda Til 6 P.M. mi mi ■mr • $ Downtown Til 2:30 P.M. SIlOp EARL * ! 5 5 S Just a Few of Many Outstanding Values! $ Orig. NOW $ Famous Make Mixers Wiri> »*«»•♦ ?" 39.95 26.95 s power unit | G. 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I I I Established 1917 4,000 Jap PWs Silent After Release by Soviet By the Associated Press TOKYO, July 21.—Self-imposed silence marked the arrival of 4, 000 Japanese prisoners of war from Russian territory yesterday. Japanese officials reported the 'repatriates at first wouldn't even ;give their names or other personal toata. i One man, a former Army lieu tenant, told Japanese newsmen at the port of Maizuru the internees were alarmed by reports in their Russian camps that home news papers had published exaggerated accounts of Red Indoctrination of previous arrivals. He said there were stories of police arresting many repatriates. OPEN ALL DAY SATURDAY Choose diamonds, too, for a lifetime . . . select them here with full confidence . complete satisfaction. 12-diamond ensembleww=*yW v W I FED. TAX INCLUDED yonr bride... 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