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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 02, 1949, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Partly cloudy, possible brief showers today
and tonight: high, 87. Low tonight, 74. To
morrow cloudy with scattered afternoon
showers (Full report on Page A-2.)
Midnight, 77 6 a m._75 11 a.m. —80 j
2 a m._76 8 a m._74 Noon-84 j
4 a.m._74 10 a.m._78 1 p.m. —85
Lote New York Markets, Page A-17.
Guide for Readers
After Dark_B-13
Amusements B-10
Editorial _A-10
Edit'l. Articles A-ll
Finance _A-17
Lost and Pound A-3
Obituary _A-12
Radio _B-19
Sections _ B-3-6
An Associated Press Newspaper
97th Year.
No. 209. Phone ST. 5000
City Heme Delivery. Daily and Sunday. Sl.20 a Month, when 5
Sundays. $1.30. Mshl Final edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per Month
Leaders Indicate
Arms Aid Plan
Faces Changes
Senate Group Delays
Hearings to Try to
Meet Objections
By J. A. O'Leary
The first sign of administration
willingness to modify its foreign
arms program came today when
Senate leaders revealed a desire
to get as much agreement as pos
sible in committee.
While W. Averell Harriman, spe
cial ambassador to Western
Europe, was urging prompt action
oh the $1,450,000,000 arms pro
gram before the House Foreign
Affairs Committee, the Senate
Foreign Relations and Armed
Services Committee met in closed
session to discuss what Chairman
Connally described as modifica
tions "in some small particulars."
The two Senate committees, in
structed to work as one on the
arms program, put off public hear
ings from tomorrow until Monday
to go over the measure in greater
detail with the experts who
drafted it.
Bill Called Too Broad.
Chairman Tydings of the Armed
Services Committee concurred in
the statement of Senator Connally
l;hat “we are trying insofar as
possible to meet objections." The
Texan added that “we are en
deavoring, within the scope of the
bill, to get as large an agreement
in the committee as possible.”
Neither Senators Conally nor
Tydings would say what changes
were discussed. Senate Re
publicans. with some Democratic
support, have made it clear, how
ever, they regard the bill as too
broad in the authority it would
confer on the President to ship
arms to any point in the world
when he deems it in the interest
of the United States. »
Senators Vandenberg of Mich
igan and Dulles of New York
leading Republican advocates of
present bipartisan foreign policy,
have called for a moderate interim
arms program at this session.
Closed Session Friday.
There also has been a strong
sentiment for specifying the coun
tries to be aided.
Senator Connally. who was des
ignated to preside over the joint
hearings, said the two committees
would have another closed session
Friday with the experts who wrote
the bill, in preparation for the
Monday hearing. Secretary of
State Acheson and Defense Secre
tary Johnson sat in with the Sen
ators today.
In his testimony before the
House group. Mr. Harriman said
the democracies are winning the
struggle for peace and freedom,
but he w'arned that delay in ap
proving the arms program might
reverse the trend.
Now Working Together.
"The voices of subversive ele
ments. the appeasers, those who
would trust ‘neutrality’ would rise
again and have an effect on the
confidence and determination
which now exists,” Mr. Harriman
Mr. Harriman sought to con
vince the House members that
there is no need to put off starting
the military aid program until
mutual defense plans are worked
out under the North Atlantic De
fense Pact.
“From my own experience I can
festify that the Western Union
countries have been working for
over a year on the development
of a unified plan of mutual de
fence." said Mr. Harriman.
The Western Union includes
England, France, Belgium, the
Netherlands and Luxembourg.
Core of European Defense.
"These countries are the hard
core of European defense.” Mr.
Harriman went on. “Their cur
rent military budgets provide for
the equivalent of nearly $5,000,
000.000. As far as they are con
cerned. work has already been
done in developing armament de
flcierices for the first phase, name
ly. the equiping adequately of ex
isting units. Our military officers
<See ARMS, Page A-6.)
Justice Murphy
Leaves $2,100,
$1,600 of It Owed
The late Justice Frank Murphy
left an estate in the District val
ued at only a little more than
$2,100. of which $1,600 is due the
Washington Hotel, where he lived,
papers filed in District Court re
vealed today.
In a petition for letters of ad
ministration granted the Supreme
Court jurist's brother, George
Murphy. Justice Murphy’s assets
were listed as $2,100 in a checking
account with the National Metro
politan Bank and ’’upwards of
*100” in personal property here.
Justice Murphy died July 19 in De
troit, without leaving a will.
His brother recently said in De
troit that Justice Murphy left only
a "small” estate in Michigan.
Beneficiaries of the estate were
Justice Murphy's only survivors,
the brother, George, his sister!
Marguerite Murphy Teahan. and a
niece. Sharon Murphy, all of
Jets to Replace All Other Types
Of U. S. Fighters in Germany
Joint Chiefs of Staff in Grafenwohr Find
American Troops Set for Any Emergency
By the Associated Pres*
GRAFENWOHR. Germany. Aug.
2.—The United States Joint Chiefs
of Staff disclosed today that jet
planes will replace all standard
type American fighter aircraft m
The military leaders also de
clared that Amgrican troops here
are ready for any emergency.
Army Gen. Omar N. Bradley told
reporters there will be no reduc
tion of American troops in Ger
many “that 1 know of."
Gen. Bradley. Air Force Gen.
Hoyt S. Vandenberg and Admiral
Louis Denfeld of the Navy re
viewed American combat troops at
the former German Army training
ground here.
Attack planes and bombers and
a Navy contingent joined 17,000
troops of the 1st Infantry Division
and constabulary units in honor
ing the military leaders.
Gen. Bradley. Gen. Vandenberg
and Admiral Denfeld arrived in
Germany Saturday for a 10-dav
study of European defenses and
potentialities under the Atlantic
Pact. They flew to Grafenwohr
from Frankfurt today in Presi
dent Truman's personal plane, the
Independence, and will leave for
London in a few hours to continue
discussions with British defense
chiefs and other European leaders.
Asked by reporters if the joint
chiefs will discuss sharing atomic
secrets with Britain during their
visit to London. Gen. Bradley
said: ‘‘We haven’t come to that
question.” Britain and Canada
have sought more information
from the United States on atomic
Gen. Bradley said he hoped the
military organization envisaged in
the Atlantic Pact will be func
tioning one year after the pact is
ratified by all signatories.
Referring to the position of the
Western European Union—Brit
ain. France. Belgium, the Nether
lands and Luxembourg—in the At
lantic Pact, Gen. Bradley said:
"All members of the Western
Union are members of the Atlantic
Pact. It is to be expected that
they will function within the
pact.” *
Asked if the union will be su
perseded by the Atlantic Pact.
Gen Bradley replied: "That is
one thing to be considered.”
Gen. Vandenberg made the dis
closure concerning the replace
ment of standard fighters with jet
1 See STAFF CHIEFS. Page A-6.)
Communists Advance
Into Central China
Along Three Fronts
Nationalists Acknowledge
Red Progress in Hunan,
Kiangsi, Kansu Provinces
By the Associated Prest
CANTON, Auk. 2.—The Com
munists drove their multi- headed
southward offensive deeper into
Central China today. The Red
gains were acknowledged by the
In the vital rice bowl Province
of Hunan, the Communists agaih
severed the Cantoh-Hankow Rail
way—this time 313 miles north of
this refugee Nationalist capital.
The Reefs pushed their drive to
outflank the main Hunan defense
In neighboring Kiangsi Prov
ince, the Red spearheads moved
southward in a threat to Na
tionalist forces which had pushed
from Hunan in an attempt to cut
the Red supply lines.
Press Deeper into Kansu.
Far away from the main fight
ing front, the Communists also
pressed deeper into Kansu Prov
ince in a new offensive against
the vast area of Northwestern
China ruled by Moslem warlords.
This was the picture in Hunan
given by Nationalist dispatches:
Communists driving from the
east took the rail town of Lukow.
This is between Changsha, the
provincial capital, and Hengyang,
junction point for the Canton
I Hankow line and the Kiangsi
Railway. The Reds gave up Chu
chow on the line in the same area
Other Red forces moving down
! from the north into Hunan car
ried the threat of outflanking Gen.
Pai Chung-hsj's Nationalist ar
mies from the west. One spear
head neared Yiyang, 50 miles
northwest of Changsha. Another
took Taoyuan in a highway drive
southwest toward Yuanling, 170
miles west of Changsha.
Reds Threaten Anfu.
In Kiangsi, the Reds seemed to
be endangering Nationalist forces
which yesterday were reported at
Anfu, 150 miles east of the Can
ton-Hankow railway between
Changsha and Yengyang.
Red troops based at Taiho on
the Kan River 270 miles north
northeast of Canton, took steps
to protect the flank for a Com
munist thrust south. They sent
'See CHINA, Page A-6.)
ben. bay to Be Shifted
From Command Here
Maj. Gen. Hobart R. Gay will
be relieved around September 1
as commanding general of the
Military District of Washington,
Army orders disclosed today.
The general, who has held the
command here since November,
1947, is being assigned to the Far
East Command in Tokyo. His
successor here was not announced
Gen. Gay came to the Military
District command from Germany,
where he had been commander of
the 2d Constabulary. His first
service overseas during World War
II was as chief of staff of the 1st
Armored Corps in the North Af
rican theater. Later he partici
pated in the landings in Sicily as
chief of staff of the 7th Army.
He is a native of Rockport. HI.,
and a graduate, of Knox College.
Galesburg, 111. He joined the
cavalry in 1917 as a second lieu
88 to Leave Okinawa
TOKYO.' Aug. 3 UP).—Eighty
eight Americans made homeless
by a typhoon at Okinawa July 23
will sail for the United States soon.
The Army transport, General
Buckner, arriving at Yokohama
Friday, will pick up the Okinawa
’refugees on its return to the
I States.
Indonesia Provisional
Government Formed to
Take Rule Under Dutch
Republic Joins With 15
States in New Regime
By the Associated Pres*
BATAVIA. Java. Auk. 2 —Lead
ers of the Indonesian Republic and
15 Dutch-backed states in the East
Indies agreed today to form a pro
visional government which will ac
cept sovereignty under the Nether
lands crown.
It was announced the agreement
provides for a provisional govern
ment of a European type to hold
power under a temporary consti
tution until a constituent assem
bly is elected. Assembly elections
will be held within a year after the
transfer of sovereignty.
Official name of the country
will be Republik Indonesia Seri
kat (Republic of the United States
of Indonesia). Its flag will be red
and white. Those are the colors
of the Indonesian Republic which
has engaged in sporadic fighting
against,Dutch rule since the end
of World War II.
Cease-Fire to Be Proclaimed.
The United Nations Commission
for Indonesia has announced that
an end of fighting between the
Dutch and the Republicans will
be proclaimed tomorrow with the
formal cease-fire set for some days
after the announcement of terms
by the two sides.
The agreement to form a pro
visional government wound up the
work of an inter-Indonesian Con
ference. Delegates agreed to
leave the ticklish details of union
with the Dutch to forthcoming
round-table talks at The Hague.
The plan is to establish the
United States of Indonesia as a
free and sovereign partner of the
Netherlands in a union under the
Dutch crown.
The delegates agreed that all
Dutch troops should be evacuated,
but the method and time was left
to The Hague conference. The
army of the United States of In
donesia will be built around the
Republican army, together with
Indonesians who served in the
Dutch forces.
A provisional constitution will
be drafted as soon as possible by
a joint committee of the repub
lic and the Dutch-backed states.
Cabinet to Be Formed.
The delegates agreed that as
soon as a president and cabinet
have been appointed the new gov
ernment will be feady to receive
sovereignty. A Senate and House
of Representatives will'be fdrmed
promptly after sovereignty is
A temporary inner cabinet of
five will take over from the Dutch.
That cabinet will consist of the
secretaries of defense, foreign af
fairs, internal affairs, finance and
The president, in agreement \
with the heads of the various
states, will appoint three of the
five cabinet members who will
then choose the others.
The president of the temporary
government will be appointed by
the delegates who participated in
the Jnter-Indonesian conference.
Late News
Anderson Offers Farm Bill
A compromise farm bill to
break the congressional dead
lock over farm legislation was
proposed today by Senator An
derson, Democrat, of New
Mexico. One section would al
low Secretary of Agriculture
Brannan to try his production
payments plan; another would
offer a 75 to 90 per cent of
parity for so-called basic crops,
and a third would allow a sim
ilar flexible support program
for meats, butter, cheese, wool
and similar nonbasic but stor
able commodities if effective
control programs are approved.
House Approves
Bigger Pensions
For Veterans
Disability Payments
Also Raised in Bill
Voted Without Debate
By the Associated Pres*
An annual increase of $112,000.
000 in veterans' pensions and dis
ability payments was voted today
by the House.
The bill was passed without op
position or debate and sent to the
It would increase disability
compensation for veterans of all
wars, raise allowances for de
pendents and liberalize regula
tions governing determination of
service-connected disabilities for
World War I veterans.
First Year Cost 112 Million.
The Veterans' Administration
estimated cost for the first year
would be $112,597,300. It made no
estimate of the cost in subsequent
HeVe’s what the House Vet
erans' Affairs Committee said the
bill would do:
1. Provide for payment of full
compensation, instead of the pres
ent 75 per cent, to World War I
veterans for disabilities legally
presumed to be service-connected.
Estimated first-year cost. $4,691,
Tuberculosis Covered.
2. Liberalize • the compensation
schedule of any veterans suffering
from tuberculosis by continuing
compensation for a limited time
after the disease \has been ar
rested. Estimated cost. $700,000.
3. Increase disability and death
compensation rates and basic
rates for service-connected disa
bility. Total disability rates would
be raised from $138 to $150 a
month, with corresponding raises
for partial disability. Increase the
monthly payments to widows and
dependent children of wartime
casualties from $100 a month for
a widow with one child to $105.
plus $25 for each additional child
instead of the present $15. Esti
mated over-all cost, $91,800,000.
4. Extend additional compensa
tion benefits to dependents of vet
erans with a 50 per cent service
connected disability. The present
schedule provides payments only
if the disability is 60 per cent
service-connected. Estimated cost,
Girl, 4, Wounds HalfSister
With Pistol While Playing
A 15-year-old girl was acci
dentally shot by her 4-year-old
half sister today while they were
playing in the basement of their
The victim. Ruth Hagen. 5816
Seventh street N.W.. was taken to
Garfield Hospital with a .32-cali
ber bullet wound in her left shoul
der but was not considered in
serious condition.
Mrs. Annette Van Ness, grand
mother of the two girls, said they
had gone to the basement to play
shortly after breakfast when she
heard the shot. Then. Mrs. Van
Ness said, the baby, Gloria Corpuz,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Conrad
Corpuz. came running up the!
stairs saying she had shot her;
The mother, Mrs. Gladys Cor-1
puz, said she ran into the base
ment and found Ruth writhing on
the floor and crying, “Gloria shot
The revolver was owned by Mr.
Corpuz and was bought for pro
tection when he was operating a
filling station. He is now an auto
mechanic. The weapon had been;
kept in a bureau drawer, the fam
ily said.
Quake Shakes South Italy
ROME, Aug. 2 (/P).—An earth
quake shook sections of Calabria
in Southern Italy at 11 a.m. today,
the news agency Astra reported.
A dispatch from Catanzaro said
the shock, in the area of Girifalco,
Borgia, Sal Flora and . Cortale,
caused no known damage or
Di Maggio Finds
Lady Fan Too
Much for Him
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, Aug. 2.—Joe Di
Maggio, center fielder for the New
York Yankees, has turned over to
officials of the club the "problem
of a lady fan who he thinks is be
deviling him by writing to column
ists about Junior Standish, the
Arthur E. <Red> Patterson,
public relations director for the
club, said the fan writes constantly
to Di Maggio and that of late she
has written to columnists, signing
the letters either as Miss Standish
or as a friend of Miss Standish,
telling of the purported romance.
Both Di Maggio and • Miss
Standish have denied their ac
quaintance has blossomed into
Patterson said Di Maggio gets
hundreds of letters daily and that
the fan, whom Di Maggio never
has met nor seen, is one of the
most persistent.
“Apparently she gets a vicarious
thrill out of seeing Joe's name
linked in the columns with Miss
Standish," Patterson adde<L
'Way Up North in the Land of Cotton
Five-Percenter Probe
Questions Woods on
Racetrack Priorities
Housing Expediter Says
Hunt Had Part in One
Construction Permit
By Miriam Ottenberg
Housing Expediter Tighe E.
Woods was questioned for nearly
90 minutes today by staff investi-'
gators of the Senate subcommit
tee inquiring into the operations
of “five-percenters.'' After the
private session in the office of
Committee Counsel William P.
Rogers. Mr. Woods told reporters
Mr. Rogers “asked me to come up'
to answer some questions.
The investigator, he said, want
ed to know the circumstances be
hind the permission given to two
race tracks to gp ahead with con-<
stryption despite the postwar
scarcity of building materials.
The name of James V. Hunt,
management counsellor now being
investigated by the committee,
came up in connection with both
cases. Mr. Woods said.
Hunt .Advised Track Owner.
In the case of the Foxborough
race track, near Boston, Mr. Wood
said he told the investigators. Mr.
Hunt “was the one who advised
the owner how he could proceed
with construction and stay within
the law.”
In the case of the Tanforan
track at San Bruno. Calif., “all
I know is that Hunt attended a
meeting,” Mr. Wood added.
He went on to say that he had
examined the order permitting
copstruction at Tanforan and the
letter exempting the Foxborough
promoter from the restrictions on
building “and I find both are per
fectly in order and within the
rules of the agency.”
Was Asked About Maragon.
Mr. Woods said he was asked
about any connection John Mara
gon might have with the Tanforan;
case but could shed no light on|
that. Mr. Maragon. a one-time
bootblack and well-known figure
around the Capital, also is being
investigated by the committee.
The housing expediter said the
investigators wanted him to ex
plain the regulations under which!
his office operated in the two race
track cases. He pointed out that
he has previously said publicly
that the whole construction limi
tation order was a “farce" because
of its many loopholes.
He said committee investigators
have examined the files in the race
track cases in his office, but did
not ask him to bring the files with
Others May Be “Embarrassed."
Earlier, several Senate sources
agreed that disclosures growing
out of the committee's probe of
influence peddlers might prove i
"embarrassing” to some Govern
ment officials other than the two
suspended major generals.
The evidence in these cases still
is in the preliminary stage, fcut
it was learned that bank ac
counts of certain Government em
Showers Today Due to End
Long Dry Spell in D.C. Area
The same conditions which
brought relief from the heat are
expected to remedy the long dry
spell in the Washington area.
The forecast is for “considerable
cloudiness with a few scattered
showers this afternoon, tonight
and tomorrow.” The temperature
should not go above 87 degrees
today, the forecaster said, and a
low of 74 was predicted for to
While heavy rains fell during
the first part of July, the last 20
days were almost wholly dry dur
ing a succession of high tempera
tures that resulted in the second
hottest summer month here ii> the
history of the Weather Bureau.
The month averaged 4.2 degrees
above normal.
White House to Be Renovated,
Not Rebuilt, Commission Rules
18-Month Project to Start at Once;
Underpinning to Bolster Outer Walls
The White House will be reno
vated—not reconstructed—an of
ficial comnrssion decided today.
Ending a long controversy. Sen
ator McKellar, Democrat, of Ten
nessee announced for the commis
sion that work would proceed at
Senator McKellar said the old
outer walls would be strengthened
by underpinning, a procedure that
architects and engineers have
considered entirely feasible. Con
gress has appropriated $5,400,000
for the work, w’hich will require
18 months or longer.
The six-member joint congres
sional and civilian Commission on
White House Renovation was set
up after Representative Cannon,
Democrat, of Missouri argued that
a new White House would cost less
and last longer than a restored
President Truman, who with his
family was forced to vacate the
crumbling structure and live In
Blair House, came out for the ren
ovation plan. He conceded it
might cost more, but that the
American people would like to pre
serve the present mansion for sen
timental and historical reasons.
The American Institute of Ar
chitects added its weight to that
argument. Then the commission,
headed by Senator McKellar,
called in architects and engineers
to help make the ultimate deci
Oftly the residential part of the
mansion, declared unsafe for hab
itation. will be repaired. The ex
ecutive offices in the west wing
will not figure in the project.
Other members of the com
mission are Senator Martin, Re
publican. of Pennsylvania; Repre
sentatives Rabaut. Democrat, of
Michigan, and Keith, Republican,
of Wisconsin, and Richard Erwin
Daugherty of New York, vice
j president of the New York Central
Riilroid. and Douglas William Orr
of Connecticut, a former president
of the American Institute of
Nominations of Clark,
McGrath in Senate;
Early Action Likely
Stennis and Kerr Open
Fight for Membership on
Finance Commmittee
President Truman sent to the
Senate today the nominations of
Attorney General Tom C. Clark
for the Supreme Court and Sena
tor J. Howard McGrath, Demo
crat, of Rhode Island, to succeed
Mr. Clark as Attorney General,
Early action by the Senate on
both nominations is anticipated.
Both men yesterday accepted
the appointments which were
proffered last week after the
death of Supreme Court Justice
Prank Murphy.
Senator McGrath immediately
announced that as soon as he is
confirmed by the Senate he will
resigh as chairman of the Demo
cratic National Committee and
call a committee meeting to se
lect his successor.
It is expected his successor in
that post will be William M. Boyle.
jr„ of Kansas City, now executive
vice chairman, although others
have been suggested. Among them
are John J. Nangle of St. Louis,
Democratic committeeman from
Boyle Seen as Successor.
The departure of Mr. McGrath
from the Senate, it was said on
Capitol Hill today, may produce
conflicting claims for the place he
holds on the tax handling Finance
Committee, with Senator Stennis
of Mississippi, who did not sup
port President Truman last No
vember, and Senator Kerr of
Oklahoma, who did, contesting for
the Democratic assignment.
Senator Kerr wanted the place
when the Senate was organized
in January! but others with long
er service crowded him out. He
is expected to make another bid.
States’ Bights Angle in Question.
Senator Stennis has 14 months
more service than the Oklahoman,
and under ordinary circumstances,
his claim to the committee mem
bership would be clear. There is,
however, the States’ Rights angle
to consider.
Mr. McGrath's Rhode Island
successor will be appointed by
Democratic Gov. John O. Pastore.
Mr. McGrath’s term runs through
1882, but the appointee now will
serve only until next year's elec
tion. Observers here look for Gov.
Pastore to appoint Mayor Dennis
J. Roberts of Providence to the in
terim term, then seek the place
himself in 1950. A
McFarland Board Quits
After Dispute With
Civil Service Heads
Advisory Group's Action
Laid to Disagreement
Over Policy Matters
The Civil Service Commission's
Citizens' Advisory Board in rating
the Government's 250 hearing ex
aminers has resigned after a dis
pute with the commission, it was
disclosed today.
The group was known as the
McFarland board and was com
posed of attorneys and judges. It
was set up several years ago as an
unpaid group to pass on the qual
ifications of hearing examiners in
the Government's regulatory
agencies. Carl McFarland, a
[Washington attorney, was its
One of the board members, who
asked not to be quoted by name,
said the board members had re
signed in a dispute with the com
mission over policy matters.
The member added that the
board resented the fact that com
mission officials ignored the board's
recommendations and failed to
consult with it on important policy
matters. The member also declared
that the commission's subordinate
employes adjusted the examination
grades upward without consulting
the board.
Previously, the board had been
accused by some hearing exam
iners of political and racial bias.
The board had disqualified about
80 of the 250 examiners on the
ground that they were not quali
fied for their positions. About 55
of the examiners who appealed the
board’s decision to the commis
sion’s Board of Appeals and Review
were found qualified. The other
cases are now pending before the
commission appeals board.
One of the Advisory Board mem
bers said today that these charges
had nothing to do with the resig
nations, although he declared he
and his colleagues felt that the
commission should have defended
the board against such charges.
Besides Mr. McFarland, the
chairman, board members were D.
L. Edmonds, an Associate Justice
of thf California Supreme Court;
Joseph. W. Henderson, Philadel
phia; Willis Smith, North Caro
lina, . former president of the
American Bar Association, and
Laurence M. Hyde, Associate Jus
tice of the Missouri Supreme
The board had completed the
bulk of its work and would have
remained on a part-time basis to
handle tests of newly appointed
hearing examiners.
Primary Voting
Gains in Virginia
After Slow Start
Record Total Still
Forecast if Weather
Remains Favorable
By John V. Horner
Voting in Virginia's four-cor
nered Democratic primary, which
ended a furious campaign for the
party gubernatorial nomination,
mounted steadily today after a
slow start in some communities.
With early afternoon reports
from Northern Virginia precincts
reflecting increased interest, elec
tion officials said that, if the
weather remained favorable, the
record-breaking total they pro
phesied should be attained. They
expect more than 300.000 to par
ticipate in the primary.
Balloting was slow at the start
in Fairfax. Falls Church and Ar
lington. but it was brisk from the
first in Alexandria. In that city.
James N. Colasanto. Electoral
Board secretary, predicted that at
least 6.000 ballots—a record for
gubernatorial contests—would be
Interest began to manifest itself
by noon in the other Northern
Virginia communities, particularly
GOP. Primary. Ignored.
There was almost a complete
lack of concern over the Republi
can primary being held simul
The Democratic voters had a
choice among these four candi
State Senator John Stewarfc
Battle. 59, of Charlottesville,
backed by the Democratic organi
zation regulars of which Senator
Byrd is the leader.
Horace H. Edwards, 46, of Rich
mond, who broke with the or
ganization to make this race.
Francis Pickens Miller. 53. of
Albemarle County, sponsored by
the anti-organization bloc of
which Martin A. Hutchinson is
Remmie L. Arnold. 55, of Pe
tersburg. a manufacturer never
before connected with State poli
Draws National Attention.
The -contest held national at
tention because of the threat to
Senator Byrd's leadership. Al
though President Truman refused
last week to comment on the Vir
ginia race, he was quoted earlier
| as telling a visitor that "there are
too many Byrds in Congress.” The
State organization found the go
ing tough because the conserva
tive vote which normally would go
for Mr. Battle was being split
among him, Mr. Edwards and Mr.
Balloting started at 6:30 a.m,
(EDT) in the Northern Virginia
area adjacent to Washington and
; polls elsewhere in the State
opened an hour later. Voting will
continue until 7:30 p.m., local
All political camps eyed the
weather. Skies were overcast when
the balloting began but the sun
broke through a little later. The
forecast was for occasional show
ers during the day.
Observers said seldom, if ever,
had so many workers appeared at
Alexandria polling places- for a
primary election. The city was
(Continued on Page A-4, Col. 1.)
Stuart Reaches Okinawa
En Route to Washington
Sy the Associated Press
CANTON. Aug. 2.—The Amer
ican Embassy said today that Am
bassador J. Leighton Stuart, en
route to Washington by air, had
reached Okinawa.
The Ambassador to China took
off from Communist Nanking
early this morning, half an hour
before an air raid alarm wax
sounded. <The dispatch did not
further mention the air raid.)
With the departure of the Am
bassador. the United States Min
ister in Nationalist Canton acta
as head of the Embassy in China.
Dr. Stuart has been called to
Washington for conferences that
well may have a bearing on the
future American policy in the
In his party were John Cabot,
consul general at Shanghai;
Harry Hinderer, Embassy admin
istrative officer: Vice Consul and
Mrs. William Olive of Shanghai,
and Philip Pugh, private secretary
to Dr. Stuart.
Virginia Primary
Up-to-the-minute returns
from Virginia’s hotly con
tested four-way Democratic
primary for Governor, as well
as for some local Northern
Virginia offices, will be broad
cast by The Evening Star Sta
tions, WMAL and WMAL-FM,
at 8, 9:45 and 11 o'clock to
night and tomorrow at 12:10
and 1 a.m.
In addition, bulletins on
important developments will
be broadcast throughout the
For last-minute news of the
primary, as compiled by the
Associated Press and The Star
staff, stay tuned to WMAL
at 630 kilocycles, and WMAL
FM, 107.3 megacycles or
Channel 297. , j

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