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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 04, 1949, Image 1

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! Weather Forecast
Cloudy with scattered showers late today.
High today about 88, low tonight, 74. To
morrow partly cloudy with possible after
non showers. (Full report on Page A-2.i
Midnight, 76 6 a.m-76 11 a.m-80 ;
2 a.m. _._74 8 a.m. _ —77 Noon-82
4 a.m_75 10 a.m_79 1 p.m-82
Late New York Markets, Page A-29.
Guide for Readers
Pftie
After Dark.. A-25
Amusem’ts, B-18-19
Comics_C-10-11
Editorial --.A-18
Edit'l Articles, A-19
Finance _A-29
rut
Lost and Found. A-3
Obituary -A-28
Radio -C-11
Sports_C-l-3
Women’s
Section - B-S-fl
An Associated Press Newspaper
97th Year. No. 211. Phone ST. 5000
★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 4, 1949—SIXTY-FOUR PAGES.
City Home Delivery, Daily and Sunday. 51 .;o a Month, when 6 B> /-'Titi vrrr*CS
Sundays, 51.30. Night Final Edition. 51.30 and $1.40 per MoniB «*
Defense Accord
Reached by U. S.
And Three Allies
Britain, Norway and
Denmark Agree on
Plan, Denfeld Says
iy the Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 4.—The Amer
ican Joint Chiefs of Staff have
reached a complete understand
ing with Britain. Norway and
Denmark on organization for
mutual defense under the Atlantic
pact, Admiral Louis E. Denfeld
announced today.
••We are going home. I am sure,
with a very much better under
standing of the situation than we
had when we came over,” the
United States Chief of Naval Op
erations told a news conference
following meetings with Norwe
gian and Danish military com
manders.
Admiral Denfeld spoke for the
joint chiefs.
Atom Bomb Not Mentioned.
The subject of sharing the atom
bomb with other Atlantic treaty
signatories was not mentioned in
the staff talks, he told a ques
tioner.
“There was no general discus
sion of arms aid,” he added. "Our
purpose in coming here was to ex
change ideas on proper organiza
tion.”
Gen. O. E. Berg, chief of the
Norwegian Joint Services, told the
reporters:
"We have discussed dpfense
programs and we are finding a
very good solution to our prob
lem.”
Admiral Denfeld told the re
porters a defense organization
might be functioning 6y the end
of this year. He added this was
Just a guess, based on a feeling
that "we were getting along so
well it would not be too tough to
work out an organization by that
time.
"We have had a complete un
derstanding and a fine exchange
of views on the organization of
the Atlantic pact,” he said.
“Nothing final has been de
termined. Final organization will
be the task of a future high
level meeting.
“We are looking forward to
meeting the French, Belgians,
Dutch and Portuguese in France
tomorrow and the next day.”
Purpose to Exchange Views.
The naval chief said the Amer
ican commanders did not come
here with any ready-made plan.
Rather, he said, the mission wasj
to exchange views and report back ]
to the American Government.
Army Gen. Omar Bradley,
emerging with Admiral Denfeld
from the heavily guarded con
ference room, refused to discuss
what form the Atlantic-pact de
fense plan would take, who might
be its commander or where its
headquarters might be.
Gen. Bradley was asked if, in
the event of war, the United
States would be dropping atom
bombs W'hile Western European
nations provided ground forces.
Gen. Bradley answered:
"That refers to my statement
v6ee STAFF CHIEFS, Page~A-3.)
Korean Reds Invade
Southern Republic
By the Associated Press
SEOUL, Korea, Aug. 4.—Defense
Minister Shin Sung Mo said to
night a new drive by Northern
Communist troops onto the Ong
jin Peninsula of South Korea had
cost the republic two infantry
companies.
Some 4,000 to 6,000 northern
border guards were reported at
tacking. Shin said he believed the
drive would be checked by Repub
lican troops by tomorrow.
A courier sent by plane to the
area reported the Communist
forces had crossed into South
Korea at three points.
Last May Communist troops
from the north threatened to
overrun the rich rice-growing
peninsula. They were pushed
back to the 38th parallel, which
divides North and South Korea,
by reinforcements rushed north
ward by ship.
Today’s battle burst as Gen
eralissimo Chiang Kai-shek was
reported en route to South Korea
to discuss a Pacific pact against
Communism with President Syng
man Rhee of South Korea.
Late News
Bulletins
Draft Extension Unlikely
Senators said today after a
conference with Secretary of
the Army Gray and Gen. J.
Lawton Collins, vice chief of
staff for the Army, that the
peacetime draft act probably
will be allowed to die next June
25 unless defense officials an
ticipate an emergency.
Hospital Site Definite
Public Building Commis
sioner W. E. Reynolds an
nounced today it has been
definitely decided to build
Washington's new 1,250-bed
hospital on the Naval Observ
atory site.
Mr. Hunt Tells His Story
Saved a Client $400,000 by Getting Army
To Take Back Surplus DOT Bombs, He Reveals
By Miriam Ottenberg
(Copyright 1949, by The Evening Star.)
James V. Hunt, central figure in
the Senate subcommittee probe of
influence-peddling “five-percent
ers,” today broke his silence to
tell his side of the story to this
reporter.
! Mr. Hunt, a former Army lieu
tenant colonel, in business for the
last three years as a management
I counsellor, had seen no reporter
since the day in June when he
was suddenly thrust into the
limelight of investigation.
Stretched out on a chaise
longue on a side porch of his ram
bling, one-story home, at 3116
Fessenden street N.W., he spoke
sometimes haltingly, sometimes in
a burst of words. Occasionally, he
turned to his lawyer or his secre
tary to refresh his memory of
dates or incidents. He explained
that his files were all in the hands
of the Senate Investigations Sub
committee and he had to go pure
ly on recollection.
His wife cast frequent anxious
glances in his direction. She said
(the doctor had been examining
him while the reporter waited to
| see him. Mr. Hunt himself ex
i plained he has had a heart condi
| tion since 1938, had to sign a
waiver to get in ;he Army and
now is suffering from what his
doctor calls “deep shock.” He said
he has lost 20 pounds since "my
; little Pearl Harbor.” Immediately
after the interview, he went to
! the hospital.
In the course of the question
ing, he said emphatically he had
not sold his services to clients on
JAMES V. HUNT.
the basis of inside information or
inside contacts, and "I don't know
of anybody in the Government
who can be influenced in the
slightest degree.”
The questions and answers,
however, centered on the specific
cases where deals were or were
not made through persons of in
fluence. Mr. Hunt denied the use
of influence in all cases.
Here are the highlights of what
Mr. Hunt had to say:
1. He saved a client from hav
ing to buy $400,000 worth of DDT
bombs he didn’t want from the
War Assets Administration by
asking Maj. Gen. Herman Feld
man, the quartermaster general
who was then chief of supply, if
the Army might possibly want to
Gabrielson Holds Edge
For G. 0. P. Post, but
Foes Push Dark Horse
Beck of South Dakota
Enters Contest; Scott
Pleads for Peace, Unity
By J. A. O'Leary
Guy George Gabrielson, New
Jersey law’yer and businessman,
continued to hold the lead in the
race for chairman of the Repub
lican National Committee at noon
today, but opposing forces were
still tiring to rally around some
one from the West.
As the morning session ended
without reaching the chairman
ship fight, the Gabrielson oppo
sition appeared to be centering
on Axel J. Beck of South Da
kota.
Backers of A. T. iBert) How
ard, Nebraska State chairman,
were hoping that if neither Mr.
Gabrielson nor Mr. Beck gets a
majority on the first one or two
ballots, that his name may come
to the front as a compromise.
The two members of the Re
publican National Committee for
the District of Columbia—Clyde
D. Garrett and Mrs. Howard A.
Coffin—are understood to be sup
porting Mr. Gabrielson.
' * Scott Pleads for Peace.
Representative Scott of Penn
sylvania. retiring from the chair
manship, made a strong plea to
the Republican leaders from all
parts of the country to stop quar
reling among themselves if they
hoped to bring success to the party
in the coming elections.
“We would be serving only the
ends of the opposition party if we
continue quarreling among our
selves, if we indulge much longer
in useless recriminations about the
conduct of past campaigns,” said
Mr. Scott.
“The only campaigns we can
win are those in the future. If
we do not win some of them pretty
soon, we will be face to face with
the grim prospect of the liquida
tion of the Republican Party as a
force in national affairs.”
Gabrielson Called Liberal.
Mr. Scott, who was made chair
man by Gov. Dewey of New York
at the start of the 1948 campaign,
has had a rough road to travel
since the November defeat of the
party.
Although Mr. Gabrielson was a
former Taft supporter in 1948, he
is being presented by his support
(See REPUBLIC ANS~Page-A-5.V
Truman Refuses to Cut
Arms Fund, but May
Accept Other Changes
. Only Wants Legislation
To Aid Treaty Nations
Effectively, He Says
By Joseph A. Fox
President Truman said today
that he was opposed to compro
mising his request for $1,450,000.
000 for arms aid to Atlantic pact
nations.
However, he said he did not
particularly care about the so
called "blank check” proviso of
the prospective legislation which i
critics have said would permit:
him to ship arms anywhere with
out restraints.
When the question was raised
in a news conference, Mr. Tru
man, commenting in conciliatory
vein, said all he wanted was legis
lation that would effectively aid
the other 11 nations united in the
defensive alliance.
Republicans on Capitol Hill,
where hearings are in progress,
have demanded tha^, the President
name the countries to which it is1
proposed to send aid and they also
have opposed the sum requested.
The President, when asked if;
he would accept a compromise.'
said that it might be possible that ’
some changes would be necessary;
in the legislation as submitted by
the administration to' permit the
program to be carried out with
greater facility.
Asked specifically aljout the
money, the President said he was
against compromising that fea
ture.
Members of the House Foreign
Affairs Committee, however, seem
determined to trim the arms pro
gram.
After a full day of closed ses
sions yesterday with Army and
State Department experts who
helped draft the program, Demo
crats and Republicans alike
agreed that the President won't
get what he wants.
The situation shaped up like
this after the first full week of
committee consideration of the
program sent to Congress last
week by Mr. Truman:
1. There is heavy sentiment to
curb the board grants of presi
dential authority proposed and
spell out, as closely as possible,
the amount of assistance to be
given, the nations to receive it,
and the conditions under which
it shall be provided.
2. There is substantial sentl
<See~ARMS7Page A-377
G. 0. P. Senators Ask Democrats
To Draft Speed-Up Program
By the Associated Prose
Republican Senators anxious to
adjourn the present session of
Congress today called on Senate
Democratic leaders to present a
“definite legislative program.”
Two closed-door strategy ses
sions of the Republican Senators
failed to produce any minority
agreement on adjournment other
than a promise to co-operate on
speeding up the legislative ma
chinery.
“There was a universal senti
ment that the majority leadership
has bogged down,” Senator Milli
kin, Republican, of Colorado told
reporters after the conference of
all Republicans.
Senator Millikin, chairman of
the Republican conference, said
Republican leaders would ask Ma
jority Leader Lucas to “set a pro
gram and do the best we can to
get rapid consideration of it."
Senator Taft of Ohio, chairman
of the Senate Republican Policy
Committee, said trying to fix a
definite adjournment date might
encourage filibusters and other
delaying moves.
Informed of the Republican ses
sions, Senator Lucas told a re
porter “we can’t do anything
about adjournment or our pro
gram until we get appropriations
out of the way.”
The Senate still is debating
more than $20,000,000,000 worth
of money bills that should have
been passed before the new fiscal
year started on July 1.
Once the appropriations are
cleared, Senator Lucas said he
would be willing to confer upon
a program looking toward ad
journment.
“But we have so much im
portant legislation to act upon
that early adjournment is un
likely,” Senator Lucas said, add
ing that the Senate probably must
stay here until early September.
repossess the bombs. Gen. Feld
man, he said, found the Army was
in the market for the bombs, and
Mr. Hunt's client was relieved of
having to pay $400,000. Mr. Hunt
got a $5,000 fee—about 1 ”cr
cent of the money he says he
saved his client.
. Procurement List Published.
2. The procurement list which
Gen. Feldman sent him and
which Mr. Hunt assumes was the
one referred to by Secretary of
the Army Gray in suspending Gen.
Feldman had been printed and
made public in the minutes of the
House Appropriations Committee;
in fact appeared in full in a tex
tile trade journal a month before
Gen. Feldman sent it to Mr. Hunt.!
He assumes the only reason*Gen.
Feldman used some such phrase
as “keep it under your hat” ini
the covering letter was that the
general did not have a large sup-;
ply of copies.
3. Although he was not repre
senting any client, he visited the
Office of the Housing Expediter
in connection with construction
of the Tanforan (Calif.) race
track, because Maj. Gen. Harry!
H. Vaughan, the President's mili- [
tary aide, had told him the race
track promoters were getting thp
run-a-round, and “I didn’t want
to see any misunderstanding be
tween two officials in the Govern
ment.”
4. He did not ask Gen. Vaughan
to help Maj. Gen. Alden H. Waitt
keep his job as chief of the Army
Chemical Corps. Gen. Waitt was1
suspended at the same time as
Gen. Feldman.
5. In fact, Mr. Hunt cannot re
member anything of importance
that he asked Gen. Vaughan to
do for him or for other people.
Represented Dorothy Draper.
6. Mr. Hunt did represent Dor
othy Draper, the interior decora
tor, in trying to get her a contract
for part of the White House re
decorating but the only connection
Gen. Vaughan had with this was
a call made by Mr. Hunt's office
to Gen. Vaughan s office to find
out the proper person to see about
it. Gen. Vaughan’s office referrefy
Mr. Hunt to the White House
architect, Lorenzo Winslow.
7. He did get an 580,000 fee for
his work in getting the Lido
Beach Hotel on Long Island back
to its original owners at substan
tially less than the original pur
chase price but the job took three
years instead of six weeks, as al
leged, and covered several Gov
ernment agencies rather than
only WAA.
8. He has never claimed he was
“very close” to Secretary of De
fense Johnson, nor has he seen
iContinued on Page A-4, Col. 2.)
Truman, Questioned
On Hunt Gift Matches,
Denies Knowing Him
Firm Reveals 2 Orders for |
Covers Marked 'Swiped
From Harry Truman'
President Truman said today he
does not know James V. Hunt,
the former Army officer whose
business operations are being in
vestigated by the Senate subcom
mittee probing Washingon “five
percenters.”
Mr. Truman made the state
ment at his news conference when
he was told 2,500 books of paper
matches inscribed “Swiped From
Harry S. Truman” were purchased
by Mr. Hunt last December from
the Universal Match Co. in St.
Louis.
The President said he did not
get his matches from Mr. Hunt.
Asked where he did get the
matches he passes out to White
House guests, he said people come
in all the time and hand him
matches.
He added that match purchasers
can have any inscription they
want put on the matches they buy.
Manufacturer Tells of Sale.
Mr. Truman said the reporters’
information that Mr. Hunt pur
chased the matches was the first
he had heard about it.
In St. Louis, Samuel M. Rosen
berg, vice president of the Uni
versal Match Co* told the Asso
ciated Press Mr. Hunt bought the
matches last December and that
the Senate subcommittee had sent
him a telegram asking him
about it.
Roger Q. White, attorney for
Mr. Hunt, said two groups of
matches were acquired for the
(See~FIVE-PERCENTERS,-/MiT)
Humid 88 Degrees Due
With Showers Today
The weather today and tomor
row will follow yesterday’s humid
pattern, with showers and high
temperatures of about 88 degrees,
the Weather Bureau reported,
Scattered showers this afternoon
will send the mercury to a low of
only 74 degrees tonight, with the
humidity remaining high. There
will be some chance of relief after
the expected rain tomorrow, the
forecaster said.
The series of hard showers late
yesterday measured 1.14 inches at
National Airport.
The high temperature yester
day was 88 degrees at 2:50 p.m.
and today’s low was 74 at 8:34
A Hand in the Byrd Is Worth Three in the Bush
Rep. Murray to Ask
$120 U. S. Pay Rise for
Classified Employes
Proposal Would Grant
Lower Brackets More
Than Senate Measure
By Joseph Young
Chairman Murray ,of the House
Civil Service Committee today an
nounced that he will recommend
to his committee the adoption of
a Federal reclassification pay bill
to give the Government’s classified
employes an average pay raise of
$120 a year.
Mr. Murray, who previously had
advocated a pay reclassification
measure granting only an average
$50 pay boost, said he will make
these recommendations.
1. A flat $100 increase for em
ployes in the first eight CAF
grades. £
2. A flat $100 increase for all
employes in the CPC (Crafts, Cus
todial and Protective) classifica
tion.
Would Lift Pay Celling.
3. Employes in grades above
CAF-8 would receive increases in
most cases of more than $100. In
some instances these raises would
amount to as much as $200 or
more. I
4. The present $10,330 Federal
pay ceiling would Im increased to
$15,000, permitting substantial
salary increases for high Govern
ment officials who are not in
cluded in the top bracket Federal
pay bill.
It is expected that the com
mittee will accept Mr. Murray’s
recommendations. The group is
scheduled to report out the bill
early next week.
While the average pay raise of
the Murray proposal is nearly
similar in amount to the $125
average pay reclassification meas
ure approved yesterday by the
Senate Civil Service Committee,
the individual increases in the two
bills vary considerably.
More for Lower Paid.
Lower salaried employes would
get a better break under Mr. Mur
ray’s proposals, since lower level
employes in the Senate bill in
many instances would not receive
as much as a $100 increase. The
Senate group’s measure provides
a greater proportionment of che
increases among employes in ihe
middle and upper brackets.
If the House and Senate ap
(See~PAY~Page A-3.)
Nude Relief From Heat
TURIN, Italy, Aqg. 4 (JP).—
Turin citizens strolling near the
fountain of Dora were startled
out of their heat-wave lethargy
last night. Through the humid
haze they saw a naked man sitting
on Dora’s equally naked knee,
calmly reading a newspaper while
the fountain waters played about
him. Police whisked him away.
McGuire, Bazelon and Bastion
In Lead for Appeals Judgeships
Truman Is Expected to Act Quickly
* On Six Appointments Under New Law
President Truman is expected
to act quickly to appoint the six
judges provided for local courts
by new legislation, it was said
today after Mr. Truman had
signed the bill adding three mem
bers each to the Court of Appeals
and District Court.
The measure, which calls for
more than a score of judges in
jurisdictions where there are
crowded dockets, received the
(President's approval late yester
day.
In advance of the actual pas
sage of the legislation, thought has
j been given to prospective ap
pointees. In informed quarters to
jday it was believed the three top
probabilities for the Appeals Court j
are District Judge Matthew F.;
McGuire, Assistant Attorney Gen- j
eral David L. Bazelon, director of
the Office of Alien Property, and
Walter M. Bastian, prominent
Washington attorney, a Republi
can. Charles Fahy, former So
licitor General, who was slated for
an appellate judgeship here when
President Roosevelt died, is an
other known to be under consid
eration.
Judge McGuire was one of six
candidates approved by the Dis
trict Bar Association for the Ap
pellate Court, and in event of his
advancement, a fourth vacancy
(See JUDGES, Page A-3.)
110-Cenl Beer Drinkers
Who Pay as They Go
Will Escape Tax
Levy Will Apply if All
Sales Are Put on Same
Check, Administrator Saysj
Customers who “pay as they go”
for 10-cent beers do not have toi
pay a sales tax on them.
Sales Tax Administrator Allan1
F. Brooke informed the Restau
rant Beverage Association of this
ruling today.
The association had raised the
question about beer selling for
less than the minimum taxable
sum of 14 cents. It had hoped
that customers would be required
to pay a tax on two or more beers
consumed on one occasion, even
though they paid for each in
dividually.
That was because \t,he tax on
a half keg of beer amounts to
about 40 cents, which the dealer
must pay himself if he cannot
pass it along to the consumer.
Size of Glasses Decreased.
Some tap beer dealers have de
creased the size of glasses from
8 to V/3 or 7 ounces, hoping to
absorb the tax that way.
Mr. Brooke wrote the associa
tion that if a customer buys sev
eral glasses of beer and pays for
them all on the same check, the
dealer may collect the sales tax.
But if tne same customer pays
for each glass individually, the
dealer may not collect the tax.
In an earlier ruling, Mr. Brooke
held that extra equipment or ac
cessories atached to an automo
bile at the time of sale are not
subject to the sales tax.
Receipts from the sale of inotor
vehicles and trailers are specifi
cally exempt from the sale tax.
A question had arisen, however,
about accessories.
According to the ruling, when
extra equipment is attached to
1 (See SALES TAX~Page A-3/>
Police Combing Southern France
For Four Who Robbed Aga Khan
By the Associated Press
LE CANNET, France, Aug. 4.—
Thousands of police today combed
Southern France for the four
armed bandits who stole a for
tune in jewels from the Aga
Khan and his wife.
Roadblocks were thrown up
from Mentone on the Italian bor
der ali along the Riviera—play
ground of the world’s wealthy—
to the sprawling port of Marseille,
known as a criminal hideout.
► Hundreds of cars were stopped.
But no trace has been found of
the tommygun bandits who yes
terday held up the Aga Khan and
the Begum outside their villa here
and grabbed about a half million
dollars in jewels and 200,000
francs ($600) in cash.
Police guards around the man
sions of the rich have been dou
bled. Many of the millionaires
here are reported hiring private
detectives as aacmonai security.
In the past few days bandits
have gotten away with about
$800,000 in the robbery of a bank
at Aix-le-Proeence, the theft of
Jewelry in a store at Deauville
and the robbery of the Aga Khan.
The independent Paris news
paper Le Figaro said: "All the
police of France, and all the
gendarmerie must be mobilized.”
The anti - government newspaper
L’Aurore said the wave of gangs
terism in France calls for cabinet
action toward modernizing the
police.
The Communist paper L'Hu
manite said if Interior Minister
Jules Moch mobilized his police
less against the workers “the
gangsters couldn’t operate with
gugsi impunity, as they are doing
•very day.”
Police found the abandoned
~ (See AGA KHAN. Page A-4.)
While Paper on China,
Out Tomorrow, Clears
Errors, Truman Says
Report Aimed to Offset
'Misrepresentation and
Distortion/ He Adds
(Text of Statement on Page A-2J!
President Truman today prom
ised to give the American people
a “clear and illuminating state
ment” of the Chinese situation,
which he said was designed to off
set “misrepresentation-, distortion
and misunderstanding.”
In advance of a State Depart
ment “white paper” on China, to
De issued tomorrow, the President
at a news conference today issued
his statement in which he said
that he had asked Secretary of
State Acheson to have the rec
ord compiled.
“My primary purposes in hav
ing this frank and factual record
released at this time is to insure
that our policy toward China and
the Far East as a v.hele shall be
based on informed anti intelligent
public opinion.”
Friendship for China Strong.
Declaring that the long friend
ship with China is as strong to
day as it ever has been, the Pres
ident said:
“The role of this Government
in its relations with China has
been subject to considerable mis
representation, distortion and
misunderstanding. Some of these
attitudes arose because the Gov
ernment was reluctant to reveal
certain facts, the publication of
which might have served to hasten
the events in China which have
now occurred. In the present sit
uation, however, the mutual in
terests of the United States and
China require full and frank dis
cussion of the facts. It is only
in this way that the people of
our country and their representa
tives in Congress can have the
understanding necessary to the
sound evolution of our foreign
policy in the Par East.”
Departing from the text of his
statement, the President said that
the report would cover everything
that had occurred in that country
in the past five years.
He said, in response to a ques
tion, that this included the long
secret report of Lt. Gen. Albert
C. Wedemeyer, former military
adviser to Chiang Kai-shek,, re
tired Nationalist president, and a
report from Gen. George C. Mar
shall, who was in China for a
(See CHINA, Page A^2?)
Attlee Recovered
LONDON. Aug. 4 OP).—Prime
Minister Attlee has “quite re
:overed” from a cold which had
:onflned him to his country home
since last Vaturday. an official
spokesman said today. The cold
lorced him to cancel a week-end
ipeaking engagement.
Loan for Spain
In ECA Is Out
Barkley Rules
McCarran Proposal
Would Violate Act,
Vice President Says
By th« Associated Press
Vice President Barkley today
ruled $50,000,000 in loans to Spain
out of the European Recovery
Program.
Mr. Barkley held that an
amendment sponsored by Senator
! McCarran, Democrat, of Nevada
violates Senate rules against
writing new legislation into an
appropriation bill.
Majority' Leader Lucas chal
lenged the McCarran amendment,
and then Senator McCarran ap
pealed the Barkley ruling.
Mr. Barkley then told the Senata
that Spain is not entitled under
the Economic Co-operation Ad
ministration Act to participate In
the recovery program.
Action Would Be Violation.
Spain has not adhered to th«
basic requirements of the act, the
Vice President said, and to admit
Spain into the program would be
a violation of the terms of the act.
The ruling came as Senate lead
ers strove to free the big foreign
aid money from the threat of an
other blockade.
Senator Lucas said he hoped to
get final approval late in the day
for the bill, which carries fund*
for Europe’s recovery, Army occu
pation costs and aid to Greece and
Turkey.
Senator McClellan, Democrat, of
Arakansas, told reporters he might
force the bill back into the Ap
propriations Committee for tna
second time. He could do this by
challenging it on the grounds it
contains policy-making laws in
violation of Senate rules.
McClellan Proposal Beaten.
Senator McClellan took a beat
ing late yesterday when he failed
to get approval of an amendment
which would have earmarked
$1,350,000,000 of European re
covery funds for buying surplus
American farm commodities.
Senator Lucas challenged the
commodity amendment, as he did
today on the proposal of funds for
Spain, on the ground that it was
, new legislation and violated ths
j rules.
j When Mr. Barkley upheld Sen
ator Lucas, Chairman McKellar
of the Appropriations Committee
; appealed the ruling.
| The Senate voted, 52 to 32. to
i uphold Mr. Barkley, thus stripping
the McClellan commodity rider
from the bill.
In a similar situation last week
Senator McClellan challenged the
entire bill by raising a point of
order and forced it back into the
| Appropriations Committee. This
time he made no such move.
He said he would wait to see
how Senator McCarran fared with
his Spanish loan amendment.
“I may raise a point of order
against the bill,” Senator McClel
lan said. “I’ve still got plenty of
time.”
One Democratic leader said
Senator McClellan would face an
angry Senate if he threw the bill
back into committee. More than
$20,000,000,000 in appropriations
is backed up behind the measure
—and Senators are anxious to
wind up the session and get home.
When the dispute boiled over
yesterday, the Senate had com
pleted action on part of the for
eign aid bill. It had:
| 1. Approved $3,627,380,000 for
the Economic Co-operation Ad
ministration—roughly 10 per cent
less than ECA asked.
2. Voted $1,074,000,000 for ECA’s
Tsee FOREIGW~Alb~ Page~A-3.)
AFL to Spend Million
On Senate Campaigns
By th« Associated Press
BOSTON, Aug. 4.—The Ameri
can Federation of Labor is plan
ning to cross party lines in a his
tory-making, million-dollar cam
paign to defeat four Senators and
re-elect eight others in 1950,
Joseph D. Keenan ot Chlcajs*
said today.
Mr. Keenan, AFL director of
political education, told a press
conference held in connection with
the Massachusetts Federation of
Labor Convention that this is
the AFL’s 1950 aim:
“To elect a Congress which will
vote for the issues the people
want.”
The labor organization, he said,
will “try to defeat” these Sena
tors: .Taft, Republican, of Ohio,
Capehart, Republican, of Indiana,
Donnell, Republican, of Missouri,
and Millikln, Republican, of Colo
rado.
The AFL, he said, will support
these Senators: McMahon, Demo
crat, of Connecticut, Meyers,
Democrat, of Pennsylvania, Hill.
Democrat, of Alabama, Pepper
Democrat, of Florida, Morse, Re
publican, of Oregon, Thomas.
Democrat, of Utah, Lucas, Demo
crat, of Illinois and Aiken. Re
publican, of Vermont. *
Mr. Keenan said the AFL planned
to spend $1,000,000 or more
on “the most intensive campaign”
in its history.
Funds will be raised by $2 as
sessments, he said. ^

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