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Partly cloudy, high about 88 today. Clear with low about 68 tonight. Tomorrow mostly sunny with high in upper 80s. (Full report on Page A-2.) Midnight. 74 6 a.m. _._70 11 a.m. ...82 2 a m_72 8 a.m. _-_71 Noon-83 • 4 a.m_71 10 a.m. .--79 1 p.m. _-_83 Guide for Readers Fue Amusements B-13 Church News_A-7-9 Classified ..A-ll-17 Comics _A-18-19 Editorial . A-6 Editorial Articles A-7 p»*f Lost and Found.A-3 Obituary _ B-12 Radio _A-19 Rpal Estate B-l-12 Society, Clubs A-19 i Sports A-iO-11 An Associated Press Newspaper 97th Year. No. 213. Phone ST. 5000 *★ WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, AUGUST 6, 1949—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. City Home Dellyery, Dally end Sunday. SI .CO a Month, when 6 » /•'rrivrmci Sundays, $1.30. Night Pinal Edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per Month * V^-Ei-LS lO 500 Reported Killed in Ecuador As Quake Razes 70 Pet. of City; Children Die as Cathedral Falls « Ambato Hardest Hit; Troops Perish in Barracks' Collapse ly tb« Associated Press Five-hundred persons died in an earthquake which destroyed 70 per cent of the homes in Am bato, Ecuador yesterday, the Ecuadorean Embassy said it was informed in an official bulletin from its government today. Dr. Alfonso Moscoso, Minister Counselor at the Embassy, gave this account based on the bulletin received by radio: Ambato, a small city which is the center of the textile industry in the highlands of Ecuador, suf fered greatest damage in the quake that, struck a number of mountain cities and towns yester day. Five-hundred persons died in Ambato alone. Seventy per cent of its homes were destroyed and the remaining 30 per cent made uninhabitable. Other smaller towns nearby were shaken but did not suffer such severe damage. President Galo Plaza Lasso has gone to Ambato and the army and air force afe helping in rescue and relief work. Medical supplies are being flown into the area. Red Cross Offers Aid. Basil O'Connor, president of the American Red Cross, cabled the Red Cross Society of Ecuador that medical supplies and food will be sent to the stricken area if needed. He asked for a report on the damage done. By telephone to Panama, the American Red Cross ordered Dep uty Director Kreth of its Carib bean operations to make available medical supplies and food that the Red Cross society of Ecuador may request. Officials said such supplies could be provided from depots in the Caribbean, if re quested. Mr. O'Connor also notified the League of Red Cross Societies in Geneva, Switzerland, of the dis aster so that Red Cross organiza tions in other parts of the world may assist. Dozen Mountain Cities Reported Shattered QUITO, Ecuador, Aug. 6 (/P).— A series of sharp earthquakes shattered at least a dozen popul ous mountain cities and towns yesterday afternoon. Ambato hardest hit. is a pro vincial capital of 50,000 popula tion. Scattered reports from other areas cut off by wrecked bridges and telephone lines indi cated the death toll would rise much highpr than the 200 dead reported early today. Centuries-old cathedral towers were shaken down, a military bar racks collapsed on conscripts and in one area a train was derailed. Cathedral Destroyed. An eyewitness broadcasting from Ambato said many of the dead were children who were studying their catechism in the cathedral when the quake knocked over the stone structure. The Quito Observatory said the earthquake's destruction was cen tered about 60 miles south of Quito, high in the Andes Moun tains. Guayaquil, on the coast, re ported the first shock came at 3:02 p.m. <EST> and a second one followed at 3:08 p.m. Troops were mobilized to give aid and to put down looting that was reported going on in the ruins of stores and homes. Thousands Panic-Stricken. Thousands in the area were panic stricken. Many spent the night out doors, fearing a recur rence of the earth tremors. The governor of Chimborazo province reported numerous dead ind many injured in the provin rial capital, Riobamba. The city, with a population of 60,000, is 100 miles south of Quito. The nearby town of Guano was reported almost destroyed with an undetermined number of dead and Injured. A report from Guayaquil said jnp coach of a passenger train was overturned near Luisa. Barracks Collapse Kills 40. A government announcement Issued at Guayaquil said 40 per lons. mostly soldiers, were killed when a military barracks for con icripts collapsed at Ambato. A radio report from Ambato laid at least II persons were killed In the nearby towns of La Merced ind San Francisco, where church towers were toppled. The account laid all the buildings in the.village If Salcedo were knocked down. Many dead were reported in Liatacunga, a city of 20,000 popula tion about 35 miles south of Quito. Other cities where damage was re ported included Aladenas and ftijili. Italy, Yugoslavia Sign Accord on War Claims By the Associated Press ROME, Aug. 6.—-Italy and fuaoslavia signed an accord here jpday carrying out provisions of j^e Italian peace treaty for settle ment of war claims between the Ip* countries. Congressmen Sharply Divided In Reaction to White Paper Volley of Criticism Greets Document, But Some Defend Policy as Realistic By the Associated Press Congress.found itself about as divided as China today on what to do about stopping the advance of communism in Asia. The Stale Department’s White 'Paper explaining wny Chiang Kai-shek's government failed to keep the Communists from gob bling up most of China was greeted on Capitol Hill by a volley of criticism from lawmakers who called it a confession of American failure also. It was defended, on the other hand, as a realistic review of a 'situation which just about every body here agrees is bad. I The White Paper, published yesterday, wrote off China's Na tionalist government as a total failure, bitterly scored Soviet Russia's action on China and set the pattern for an American j policy which Secretary of State Acheson said must be shaped to "encourage all developments" in China aimed at throwing off the “foreign yoke" of Moscow-directed communism. In a news conference held an hour after the White Paper was issued. Mr. Achesorv reiterated that Chinese Communists are tools of Russia and declared the United States remains ready to help the people of China estab lish true independence. Declaring he was not in the least defeatist about the Chinese situation, the Secretary of State said his attitude was based on the belief that Communists are in for serious difficulties in trying to govern China "in the interests of a foreign power"—Russia. He laid down these five "basic principles" which he said should govern American policy toward China: “1. The United States desites to encourage in every feasible way the development of China as an independent and table na tion able to play a role in world affairs suitable for a great and free people. "2. The United States desires to support the creation in China of economic and political conditions which will safeguard basic rights t See~WHITE'PAPER' Page A-37) Atlantic Pact Nations Unanimous on Defense Plans, Denfeld Says Press Conference Remarks Follow Talks With Chiefs Of 4 European Countries By the Associated Press PARIS, Aug. 6.—Admiral Louis Denfeld, United States Navy mem ber of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said today there is "great unanim ity of opinion ”-on the -way the Atlantic pact defenses should be organized. Admiral Denfeld spoke at a news conference in the American Embassy, which followed the talks by the American Joint Chiefs of Staff with French, Belgian, Dutch and Portuguese military leaders. At the Conference with Admir al Denfeld were Gen. Omar Brad ley, Army Chief of Staff, and Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg. Air Force Chief. Portugal’s military delegation also attended. Talks Termed Successful. Admiral Denfeld described as "most successful” the talks of the American officers w'ith Western European military leaders this week. He emphasized that the talks were confined to an exchange of views ‘‘to get ideas on military organization” and said no deci sions w’ere made. “What we did was to get in formation so that we could both advise our own governments and make up our own minds on the best military organization” under the Atlantic pact, Admiral Den feld said of the European trip. Asked what sorts of ideas were exchanged, he said “I prefer not to go into that.” Asked about a supreme military council for the 12-nation allli ance, Admiral Denfeld said a lot of suggestions had been received. The whole thing “is very fluid," he said, and he saw no difficulty in setting it up. Headquarters Site Undecided. A headquarters for the pact is a matter that is "still entirely open” and a matter for political discussion, the admiral said. Would a supreme council be set up by the end of the year, as he indicated in London? “Well, that was just a date I picked up out of the air,” Ad miral Denfeld said, "but I don't see any reason why it should not be done.” Portuguese Gen. Jose Felipe Barros Rodrigues was asked whether his country is still press i ing for Spain’s admission to the Atlantic pact. "We didn’t dis j (See STAFF CHIEFS, Page A^3 ) Hiroshima Observes A-Bomb Anniversary By the Associated Press HIROSHIMA, Japan, Aug. 6.— j The fourth anniversary of the first atom bombing was observed ! today with shattered Hiroshima’s 30-year plan to make itself a model city for peaceful commu nity living. Mayor Shinzo Hamai told the city’s survivors details of the plan after bells in the "peace tower” pealed in memory of the 78,000 who died in the blast. The plan calls for rebuilding Hiroshima in three stages. Dur ing the first years little besides planning will be done. In the next 10 it is hoped to carry out the plans. By 1977 the city is to stand as a permanent monument to peace. « ECA Bill Now Facing Final Hurdle With Vote Due Monday Kem Seeks to Bor Help To All Who Socialize Basic Industries ly the Associated Prese A multibillion-dollar foreign aid bill was set today for awift pass age after running a gauntlet of sharp Senate debate for days. The final vote is expected Monday. The only obstacle still confront ing the money bill—and not a very big one—is an amendment by Senator Kem, Republican, of Missouri, to bar recovery aid to any nation in the future which nationalizes a basic industry. The move is aimed particularly at Britain's socialization program. Before Senator Kem offered his amendment the Senate had beat en, 46 to 34, another amendment to penalise France for alleged mis reatment of American business men in Morocco. Previously other amednments had been knocked out. Senate leaders see no difficulty ahead in brushing aside the Kem proposal. It was ruled out of order late yesterday on the grounds it contained policy-mak ing law in violation of Senate i rules. Kem Appeals Decision. Senator Kem appealed the decision by Senator Tydings, Dem ocrat, of Maryland, who was pre siding. ‘‘I believe it Is now the clear duty of Congress to protect the Ameiican taxpayer from the use of oifr money by Socialist govern ments in a way that is slowing down recovery in Europe,” Senator Kem said. Once past that hurdle, the Sen ate is expected to approve the measure which has been tied up <See~FOREIGN AID, Page A~3j Chiang Arrives In Korea for Pacf Parleys Chinese Nationalist Leader to Stay With Rhee for Three Days ly th» Associated Pr®»» CHINHAE, Korea, Aug. 6 — Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek arrived at this South Korean port today for a series of conferences with President Syngman Rhee on a Pacific pact against the Com munists. , The veteran leader of China's Nationalists plans to remain here for three days. In separate statements, Chiang and the Korean President said they expect to discuss the pro jected union of Pacific powers to morrow. . Neither statement made any ref erence to the American White Paper on China. Both leaders said, however, they were studying Secretary of State Acheson s letter summarizing the White Paper. face Common Red Menace. Chiang's statement said in part: “Korea and China are now, as they have always been in the past 3,000 yearifc two sister nations with identical interest. They are receiving today the common or deals of Communist menace. “I shall, therefore, during a brief stay in Korea, have a full ex change of views with President Rhee not only on important mat ters between China and Korea, but also on the question of the organization of an anti-Commu nism union by the Par Eastern countries.” Rhee an<( his wife met Chiang as his plane landed on a strip near this naval base which the Japanese used for World War II operations. The 4 miles from the airstrip to the residence where Chiang will stay was guarded by Korean sail ors stationed 25 feet apart. The ! residence is the home of the Chin ! hae naval commander. Two Korean army armored cars followed the automobile in which Chiang and the Rhees rode. The Korean President and his, wife scheduled an entertainment for Chiang, some of his adyisers and Korean officials tonight. Neither Chiang nor Rhee were available to reporters during the day. Chinese Foreign Office Studying White Paper CANTON, Aug. 6 W. —The Chinese Foreign Office today be gan an intensive study of the American White Paper which writes off the Nationalist govern ment as a failure in the war with China s Communists. A spokesman said that because of the 1,054-page length of the White Paper. China’s official re action could not be expected for several days. Even as he spoke, events in the field served to underline one point in the White Paper—that the Nationalist armies "did not have to be beaten; they disinte grated.’’ Defense System Upset. Canton, in some ways, was more preoccupied with the de fections on the front to the north than It was with the White Paper. The whole defense system for South China was thrown out of gear when Gen. Chen Ming-jen, 'deputy commander on that front, ; went over to the Reds with pos sibly 30,000 of his 90,000 troops. That handed over to the Reds the Fortress of Changsha, 365 miles north of Canton. Official dispatches said that (See CHIANG, Page A-i7) Fiery Chemicals Hurled Into Car By Mystery Man Burn Driver Washington motorists were warned today to be on their guard against a man with bushy black hair, possibly demented, who tossed a vial of incendiary chem icals into the automobile of Rob ert E. Fabritz, radio dealer, of 3200 Shepherd street, Mount Rainier, Md„ last night. The third and fourth fingers on Mr. Fabritz’ hand were burned 1 almost to the bone when he ! opened the vial and the chemical, j apparently a composition of dead ly white phosophorus, gushed onto his hand. Mr. Fabritz told police he stopped for a traffic light on Ninth street at Mount Vernon place last night at 10 o'clock when a shabbily dressed man—unknown to him—carrying a cardboard box approached his car. “Here’s something for you,” the man said as he extracted a small glass vial from the box and dropped it on the front seat beside Mr. Fabritz. Mr. Fabritz sstd lie thought the man was distributing some sort of sample and did not look at the vial until he parked his car at Twelfth and I streets N.W. There he extracted the cork to see what it contained. As soon as air touched the contents of the vial there was a reaction which Mr. Fabritz described as an “explosion.” White smoke and liquid fumed out and spilled on his fingers, and splat tered on his trousers. When police arrived they no ticed a strange glow wherever the contents of the vial had spilled. Mr. Fabritz was treated for second and third degree burns to his fingers at Casualty Hospital. First precinct police said the “explosion” did not break the glass vial and a small quantity of the unknown liquid remained in the tube. The contents will be sent to chemists later today for ex amination. Mr. Fabritz told police the card board box carried by the man was about 15x0x3 inches in size and he was under the impression that it contained a number of the > vials. He was unable to give police any explanation as to why he was singled out for the mysterious attack. . “I don’t think it was intended especially for me,” Mr. Fabritz said. “I have no enemies. If he wasn’t crazy he was some kind of jerk wanting to play a joke.” Mr. Fabritz said the man was about 35 years old, five feet ten inches tall, and weighed about 165 pounds. He was wearing eye glasses, a tieless dirty white shirt and dark trousers. Mr. Fabritz is president of the United Radio and Electrie Co., 2062 Rhode Island avenue NR. v ^ 5 SKrrt X VICTORY ^ Cardinal Issues New Statement, Mrs. Roosevelt Calls It 'Fair' Spellman Says School Aid Is Sought Only For 'Auxiliary Services/ Not Maintenance (Text of Cardinal Spellman’s and Mrs. Roosevelt's statements on Pape A-4J By th* Associated Press NEW YORK, Aug. 6—Francis Cardinal Spellman issued a new statement on Federal aid to edu cation last night and Mrs. Frank lin D. Roosevelt termed the mes sage ‘ clarifying and fair.” The statements followed a tele phone call from the Cardinal to Mrs. Roosevelt, with whom he had been involved in a contro versy. The cardinal said he acted to clear up “many regretta ble misunderstandings” concern ing the position of the Roman Catholic Church on the issue. In his statement, Issued simul taneously with one by Mrs. Roose velt from the chancery office of the New York archdiocese, the cardinal said his church seeks public funds solely for “auxiliary services” of parochial schools. “We are not asking for general support of religious schools,” he said. Mrs. Roosevelt, whom the car dinal had called "anti-Catholic” for her opposition to Federal aid to sectarian schools, said the cardinal had telephoned her and "asked me to go over a state ment which he would like to re lease.” “I had read it,” she added, “and think it a clarifying and fair statement.” The two statements came two. days after Mayor William O'Dwyer had expressed hope the two could get together to reconcile their differences. The cardinal said the Catholic church does not expect, nor ask public funds for school construc tion, maintenance and teaching services. But he said parochial school children should share with public school children in funds for transportation, school lunches, health programs and nonreligious textbooks. The cardinal spoke of “great confusion and. the many regret table misunderstandings and mis interpretations over Federal aid to education.” He said he felt it his “duty to state in simple terms the position that Catholics, together with many Americans of other religious beliefs, are upholding.” Mrs. Roosevelt, declaring anew that she has “no anti-Catholic bias,” said: “I am firm in my belief that there shall be no pressure brought to bear by any church against the proper operations of the Govern ment. and that there shall be rec ognition of the fact that all citi zens may express their views freely on questions of public interest.” j Czechs Call on Army To Back Red Regime In Fight on Church Bohemian Clerics Defy Order Not to Carry Out Excommunication Decree By th« Associated Press PRAGUER Czechoslovakia, Aug. 6.—Czechoslovakia's Defense Min ister called on the army today to back the Communist government in the bitter church-state strug gle. The minister — Gen. Ludvig Svoboda — assailed the Roman Catholic Church in a speech to troops in Slovakia. He urged the soldiers to support the new gov ernment-sponsored Catholic Ac tion movement. Svoboda as serted : “We soldiers can say that from the view of defense of the father land, insurance of freedom and independence we shall support whole-heartedly the Catholic Ac tion.” Regime Meets' Opposition. The Czech government ran into opposition last night in its latest bout with the church. A government order to priests to defy the Vatican decree on ex communication under threat of punishment drew a sharp rejection from Roman Catholic authorities in Western Bohemia. The administrative vicar of the diocese at Litomerice sent back the government order with an answer which said in effect: What (Sce CZECHS, Page A-3.) Quirino Reaches Guam On Flight to America Story on local preparations for President Quirino’s visit on Page B-6.) By the Associated Press GUAM, Aug. 6.—Philippine President Elpidio Quirino arrived at Guam tonight on his flight to the United States to visit Pres ident Truinan. Rear Admiral Charles A. Pow nall. Governor of Guam, and Rear Admiral Edward C. Ewen met Quirino at Agana airfield. The Philippine president had din ner with Admiral Pownall. New'Easy-Credit'Step May React Chiefly to Government's Benefit Bank Reserve Rule Cut Expected to Spur Sales Of U. S. Securities By the Associated Press The Government, which this week began borrowing to meet its expenses, may be the chief gainer from the newest “'easy credit” move by the Federal Reserve Board. The board yesterday ordered a cut in reserve requirements—the proportion of deposits that banks may not lend—in order to make an extra $1,800,000,000 available for loan or investment this month. It was the third time this year the board has thus increased the supply of loan funds available, be sides taking such other business bracing steps as removal of con sumer credit restrictions, and making it easier to buy stocks on credit. Neither of the previous cuts in bank reserve requirements, the latest of them in early May, made even a dent in the record-making, $2,750,000,000, 27-week-long drop in bank loans to business. That drop lasted until last week. Seeks Other Ways to Invest. As businessmen shied away from borrowing money for the purchase of goods they might get stuck with in a price decline, they sought other ways to invest their money. One result was heavy purchases of Government securities from other investors. Financial experts here think the same thing will occur this time, although business borrowing— having finally tliken its first mild upturn—should continue to climb until November while businessmen build up inventory for the fall and i Christmas season. The Government, dn the other hand, is just getting started at borrowing to make up the gap be tween its income and its outgo—a gap that is expected to run to $3,000,000,000 or more in the cur rent fiscal year and already has (See CREDIT. Page A-3.) Mundt Says Maragon Arranged White House Interview lor Firm- I Detroit Company Got Job, but Was Lowest Bidder, He Explains iy tht Associated Press Senator Mundt. Republican, oi South Dakota, said today officials of a Detroit auto parts firms testi fied they received quick clearance on a $280,000 Army contract after John Maragon got them a White House appointment. Senator Mundt said the De troiters were the low bidders and were entitled to the contract. He said they related that they simply wanted to speed up final Govern ment approval. Mr. Maragon is a former Kan sas City bootblack who had an entree to the White House. He was questioned three days last week by Senate investigators look ing into the activities of “five per centers"—persons who charge a fee for helping others get Govern ment contracts. The inquiry is being handled by a special Senate subcommittee try ing to find out whether any com mission men have attempted to influence Government officials, as has been alleged. House Committee Satisfied. A House committee which has been conducting a similar probe into Army uniform purchases re ported yesterday that it is sat isfied there have been no irreg ularities involved in such con tracts. The Senate group plans to start public hearings Monday. In prep aration for those sessions the sub committee has been questioning witnesses behind closed doors. At a private meetings yesterday afternoon the subcommittee got the testimony of three officials of Austin Metal Products, Inc., a Detroit company which produces auto parts. They appeared in response to subpoenas. Mundt Quotes Officials. A few hours later. Senator Mundt, a member of the subcom mittee, told reporters: “They testified they got in touch with Maragon to see whether he could speed up the contract. “They said Maragon called someone at the White House and got them an appointment with an Army officer who appeared to be an assistant to Gen. Vaughan.” Maj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan is President Truman s military aide. Mr. Maragon has said he is a good friend of Gen. Vaughan. “They said,” Senator Mundt continued, “that they discussed the contract with this Army offi cer. and that the whole thing had been cleared up and the contract released by the time they got back to Detroit ” “Important Member” Identified. The subcommittee questioned Nicholas K. P’Sachos, described by Senator Hoey, Democrat, of North Carolina, the subcommittee (See FIVE-PERCENTERS, A-3.) Five Soviet Zone Agents Sentenced by U. S. Court By the Associated Press BERLIN, Aug. 6.—Five German agents of the Soviet zone secret police were sentenced today to prison terms of one to three years by an American Military Govern ment judge, John A. Sabo, on charges of attempting to kidnap a German from the American sector of Berlin. The defense contended the agents acted legally on orders of the Soviet Union, in an attempt to foil a German plot to blow up a Russian military leave train. Judge Sabo said the American military government would not allow subversive action against another occupation power, but the defendants had entered the Amer ican sector unlawfully with un authorized firearms. A Hawaii Passes Bill to Seize Struck Docks CIO Stevedores Vote To Refuse to Work For Government ly the Associated Press HONOLULU. Aug. 6 — Hawaii's legislature today passed a bill em powering the territorial govern ment to seize the islands’ strike bound docks. Earlier, striking CIO stevedores voted unanimous ly to refuse to work for the gov ernment. Final passage of the legislation designed in end the 98-da.v water front tieup came at 2:40 a.m. <8:40 a m. EDT> in the 10th day of a special session called by Gov. Ingram M. Stainback. Late last night Senate and House conferees agreed on the measure which directs the gover nor to take over the islands' seven struck stevedoring firms. It also calls for hiring, as far as pos sible, the 2,000 striking members of the International Longshore man's and Warehousemen's Union tat the pre-strike $1.40 hourly wage. The House approved the con ference report by a 24-to-6 vote. The Senate's approval was unani mous—14 to 0. Strikers Hear Bridges. The strikers voted not to work for the territorial government after a special meeting was ad dressed by ILWU President Harry Bridges. He arrived from San Francisco yesterday and confi dently announced the strike is "in no danger of being lost" as long as Matson Navigation Co. ships don't sail. Matson is the major mainland-Hawaii carrier. Mr. Bridges told a news con ference that no law passed by the Hawaiian legislature could force loading or unloading of island cargoes on the Pacific Coast. But even as he spoke, canned pineapple was being loaded for the first time since the ILWU struck May 1 for a wage boost of 33 cents an hour. A new non-union firm, Hawaii Stevedores. Ltd., was putting the shipment aboard the Isthmian freighter Steel Maker. Asked if he thought the strike was near settlement, Mr. Bridges replied: "More and more issues are be ing raised all the time.” One way to settle it, he added, would be arbitration by a board of Hawaii businessmen not con nected with any of the "Big Five” sugar agencies. Arbitration Demanded. The union repeatedly has de manded arbitration. Employer* have rejected it, contending they should not be bound in advance to accept an award on wages by third parties who have no finan cial responsibility. Mr. Bridges referred to the “Big Five" as “feudal lords” and said their attorney. James Blais dell, “got the horse laugh” in Washington last month when he told a Senate committee there was no “Big Five.” An important issue in a settle ment, the longshore leader said, should be an extension of the present contraot for one or two years. “The union doesn't want to go through another strike next spring,” he said. The contract expires May 1. The present strike grew out of the wage reopening clause. Mr. Bridges said he came here to determine whether it is “worth while to continue or. if necessary, to compromise” the strike. He said he would remain as long as he felt he could be of any use in making a settlement. Wage Cuts Denounced. He said he felt the ILWU has a responsibility to continue the strike until wage cuts imposed on ( See HAWAIlTPage A^3T) Gen. Taylor Is Named Commander in Berlin By the Associated Press BERLIN, Aug. 6.—Maj. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, wartime para troop leader, was named officially today to command the American Military Government and Army forces in Berlin. He will be given this double barreled authority, a formal state ment said, “in order to unify the United'States position in Berlin.” The statement said he would as sume his position at a date to be announced later, but presumably in September. Gen. Taylor will succeed both Brig. Gen. Frank Howley, military government commandant, and Col. James T. Duke, who has com manded the Berlin military post. . Gen. Taylor, who came to Europe last February after three and a half years as superintendent of West Point, has served until now as chief of staff to Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner, acting com mander in thief. He commanded the 101st Air borne Division which spearheaded the Allied invasions of Normandy and Holland. In 1943, he made a secret trip to Italy to negotiate with Italian military leaders a day before the Allied landing at Salerno.