Newspaper Page Text
fflje jiunday Jitaf Educational—Finance WASHINGTON, I>. C., AUGUST 7, 1949 * a—n Action on Clark And McGrath Due This Week Confirmation Would Clear Way to Name 6 New Judges Here By Harold B. Rogers The Senate this week is expect ed to confirm the nominations of Attorney General Clark to be a Supreme Court Justice, and Senator McGrath, Democrat, of Rhode Island, to succeed him. This would clear the way for presidential appointment, pro ably soon, of three new judges each of District Court and the United States Court of Appeals here. The Clark and McGrath nom inations will come before . the Senate Judiciary Committee Tues day morning. Whether some Re publican opposition, to Attorney General Clark will materialize sufficiently to justify a public hearing Tuesday or later was problematical last night. No ob jection has been voiced against Senator McGrath, who is chair man of the Senate District Com mittee. Quirk Action Likely. If the Senate committee should approve both names, they would be reported to the Senate for confirmation. Untjer Senate rules, they woud be required to lay over at least one day, and could be called up Wednesday for a vote. But quicker action would be possible, should unanimous con sent be asked and obtained for their consideration Tuesday. Senator McGrath's nomination Is expected to follow that of At torney General Clark through the procedure, because there will be no vacancy in the office of At torney General until the incum bent is confirmed for the higher post. When Senator McGrath be comes Attorney General, he will fall heir to the responsibility of forwarding to President Truman the names of candidates for the six new judgeships here, and 21 more throughout the country, created by new lawr. Under long established custom, any incoming Attorney General sends to the White House the list of names from which the Presi dent picks nominees for the cur rent vacancies on the bench. Will Quit Chairmanship. In the case of Senator McGrath, this procedure is even more likely in view of the fact that he is still' chairman of the Democratic Na tional Committee. He plans to re sign the National Committee post, and already has called a meeting of this group to select his succes-1 sor. Resignation of Senator McGrath from the Senate will result in his chairmanship of the Senate Dis trict Committee going to Senator Neely, Democrat, of West Virginia. Many District bills remain to bg acted on by the District Commit tee during the rest of this session of Congress under the leadership of the West Virginian. Several municipal measures were recently passed by the House, sent to the Senate, and referred to the Sen ate District Committee for action. Up for action on the Senate floor early this week will be sev eral civil service and District bills of importance to Washington. They will be brought to a vote when the calendar is called, either late tomorrow, or Tuesday, ac cording to the program already agreed to. The calendar is to be called after disposition of the pending Economic Co-operation Administration appropriation bill. Pay Raise Bill Ready. .Ready for a Senate vote is the measure approved last week by the Senate Civil Service Commit tee. to give the rank and file of classified employes a pay raise averaging about $125. Another bill approved last week by the Civil Service Committee to increase the pay of cabinet officers and other high level Fed eral executives up to a range between $15,000 and $25,000 is to be officially reported to the Senate calendar tomorrow. Whether it will be ready for action tomorrow, however, is question able, because committee reports on bills are supposed to lay over at least- a day before action by the Senate. Another pay raise bill to in crease salaries of legislative offi cers and employes at the Capitol by at least 5 per cent has been introduced by Senate Majority Leader Lucas. It is understood already to have the general ap proval of the Senate Civil Service Coftimittee. But formal action must be taken by that committee before the bill can be put on the Senate calendar. ' Among District bills to be called up tomorrow or Tuesday for a Senate vote are those to: Author ise District teachers to participate in the foreign teacher exchange program; permit killing of starl ings; amend the boiler inspection law, and exempt from taxation property of the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America. Delayed for some unexplained reason is a bill to provide sick leave for public school teachers, whfbh has been before a House Senate conference for about two wefjfs, to iron out differences in Htpise and Senate versions of the measure. Banding in the House Appro priations Committee is a request by president Truman for $3,000, 00#*do finance the sesquicenten niaj next year of the founding of theRederal City here. The committee may act on the measure lata this week or early pext week. TRAINING PROGRAM FITS THE BOY—The juvenile offender with the sun-burned hair and his companion both came to the National Training School for Boys from farming States. Re sults of aptitude test, given on arrival soon had them working on the institution s farm. Counselors try to give most of the school’s Negro boys, one-third of the 340-350 traniees, an opportunity to work in the shoe repair shop because they find jobs in this trade in the commu nity. If a boy’s term is long, he learns to build up an entire shoe. _ _____ Sales Tax Office Sees Easier Task as Early Confusion Disappears The District's new Sales and Use Tax Division expected smoother sailing this wreek as the public grew more accustomed to the six day-old sales tax. Actually, tax officials agreed at the end of a busy week, confusion over the 2 per cent levy on sales was less than they had anticipated. Inquiries, however, from uncertain merchants and some customers kept the division's telephone lines humming. Questions which remained to be clarified about the city's new tax on purchases of tangible property included the extent to which undertakers’ services are subject to the levy. Sales Tax Administrator Allan F. Brooke reported the division now has 32 of its 51 authorized employes. First Returns Due Sept. 20. Additional employes expected to report this week include from six to eight examiners and two tabu lating room employes. The first returns of merchants on their tax collections—for the month of August—are not due, however, until September 20. ^ Walter C. .Thompson, assistant administrator, said it was expect ed that auditors would be sent out again this week in a door-to-door] check of vendors to seek out those who have failed to apply for their certificates of registration under the sales tax law. An estimated 5,000 or more have not yet applied. Mr. Thompson said the division still needs about 10 more auditors to add to the present staff of five. Canvass to be Analyzed. Three auditors began the street canvass of merchants on Friday. Mr. Thompson said after a few more trips, during which the auditors have been instructed to make note of problems of the mer chants. the information they col lect will be analyzed for a picture of the number who have not reg istered and the principal difficul ties they have encountered. In addition to the tax on sales over 14 cents—with the principal exceptions of food for off-the premises consumption and drugs, the new revenue law included a cent-a-pack tax on cigarettes. 2 per cent excise tax on the fair market price of any automobile at the time title is obtained, and a 50 per cent increase in liquor licenses. 3 Typhoid Cases Reported In SI. Marys During July Special Dispatch to The Star LEONARDTOWN. Md.. Aug. 6. —St. Marys County had three ty phoid fever cases in July, Deputy Health Officer Dr. William A. Har ris reported today. All were in the St. Marys City St. Inigoes section, Dr. Harris said. The three patients, he added, recovered rapidly after treatment with a new drug. Dr. Harris, who also is deputy health officer for Charles County, said immunization treatments had been given residents of the area. No typhoid fever cases have been reported in Charles County this year. Jury Commission Named MARTINSBURG, W. Va.. Aug. 6 iSpecial'.—Carroll G. Lloyd has been appointed by Judge D. H. Rodgers to serve a four-year term as a jury commissioner for the Berkeley County Circuit Court. The tonsorial artist In the white jacket expertly cuts the hair of a boy from his own living “cottage,” who has been excused from a metal working class. The boys are trained to cut and trim by a barber and their work on one another affords practical application of the trade._ Bending to the machine that caused a large percentage of the offenders to break a Federal law, these boys are in structed in the workings of starter^ carburetors and brakes. This course is sought after by the boys, who prefer it to duties that go for institution maintenance. —Star Staff Photos. National Training School Fits Program to Individual By Jeanne Rogers Washington's National Training School for Boys aims to fit its training program to the Indi vidual. As Charles J. Eckenrode, the school's head of education ex plains it, a number of years ago a trouble maker's head would be shaved and his heart examined to see if it could stand a beating to be followed by a diet of bread and water in the ‘'dungeon." “This kind of treatment is out —and for good," Mr. Eckenrode stated. “There is no corporal punishment—no restricted diet.” The institution, which lies on a 395-acre tract at Bladensburg road and North Dakota avenue N.E., is .the only Federal training school for boys. Offenders have been sent to the school by Juve nile Court authorities. One-third of the 340 to 350 boys are from the District and the remainder from States in which they com mitted a Federal offense. The school, under the control of the Justice Department s Bu reau of Prisons, treats its boys with group psychotherapy as well as affording individual psychiatric treatment. “Why set a boy, whose dislike of school in many cases led to his delinquency, to adding, subtract ing, multiplying and dividing sets of meaningless numbers?” Mr. Eckenrode asked. He pointed out that arithmetic, for example, is taught a paint shop trainee, who learns to figure the area of wall surface in a room, how much paint would be required to cover it and the cost of the paint needed for the job. Since most the boys, 13 to 18 years old, cannot work with ideas over an extended time, they are given an “activity release” through handicraft and art, in cluding a finger painting class. "It might be a woven rug, a copied picture or a wooden toy,” Mr. Eckenrode stressed, “but often it is the first thing a boy has made completely on his own initiative.” Try to Change Attitude. The school faculty is more interested in changing attitude than in teaching the classics or factual information, Harold E. Hegstrom, superintendent, stressed. All training is done on an individual basis after three week period of orientation, Mr. Hegstrom continued. “This period is half diagnosis,” C. R. Hagan, assistant superin tendent pointed out. “We learn about the boy and then he learns about us and the physical layout of the school.” Part of a boy’s day is spent learning vocational or trade skills. This program is directed by Frederick A. McCarthy, vocational supervisor. On-the-job training is utilized. Broken chairs are mended in the woodwork shop, shoes are repaired and hair is cut in the barber shop by the youth ful trainees. Often a group of small boys in white T shirts and khaki pants are seen leaving one of the five living “cottages”—large red brick structures pleasing to the eye— with an instructor. They are going "on a job,” perhaps to take care of some electrical or plumb ing problem in one of the school buildings. The boys do their own cooking, laundry and canning and work a farm, which produces a good part of their food. The only segregation at the school is in the sleeping quarters. Two of the cottages are designated for the Negro boys. The training of these boys also is planned to be in line with work they can enter in the community. Although most of their labor goes into maintaining the institu tion, the two most sought after courses by the boys are auto me chanics and business machine training. Taught to Drive. The boys work intently on a car —the very machine, in many cases, involved in their Federal offense. Boys over 16, and about to be released, are taught how to drive a car. Boys who have com pleted the business machine course leave the institution to take jobs in their field. They often report their progress back to the school. Currently the Business Machine classes are doing a card-indexing job for the Metropolitan Police. The averaga time spent by the Panther Reported Seen In Frederick County Special Di*patch to The Star WINCHESTER, Va.. Aug. Residents of the Middle road sec tion of Frederick County are on the lookout for a panther reported seen by an Aeom Heights couple. Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Wise said they saw a huge cat. which they believe was a panther, jump from one- tree to another last night, near the P. W. Boyd orchard, as they were driving home. They said the animal apparently was frightened off by their automobile lights. Engineer Reservists To Open Encampment The first of about 1,300 engi neer reservists from the 1st and 2nd Army areas will be processed today at the Engineer Center, Fort Belvoir, Va., for the opening to morrow of a four-week Summer training period for officers and enlisted men of the Organized Re serve Corps. Two separate two-week encamp ments are planned, emphasizing j field exercises and engineer sub I jects. boys in the general school pro gram is about six months. Their average stay at the institution is just less than a year. Thus, it is important to work fast—to sugar coat education until the boy finds that learning isn't as painful as he thought. Every boy leaves the school with a plan—or he doesn't leave. There is a plan for where he wUl live, work or go to school. The man who's probably proud est of the institution, started by President Lincoln as the House of Refuge in Georgetown, is James V. Bennett, Director of Prisons. ! “Few of our boys return,’’ Mr. Bennett states. . _ I Wdye Solution \ Contributes to Home Accidents Two small children pulped down half glassfuls of home per imanent wave solution In the most i unusual home accident reported last week. The children, who recovered after doctors’, care, were listed among the 114 persons treated at hospitals as a result of home accidents. Two deaths resulting from falls were listed on the weekly tabulation of the District Red Cross Accident Prevention Service. In addition to the permanent wave solution, children drank kerosene, iodine and ' turpentine. A young woman also drank rub bing alcohol by mistake. A 2-year-old boy picked up his 3-month-old sister and threw i her on the floor. A 3-year-old boy went to Episcopal Hospital to have a Japanese beetle ex tracted from his ear. The Red Cross listed 39 falls, 8 burns, 8 accidental poisonings. 12 foreign bodies in eyes and ears, 31 cuts, two bruises and 14 miscellaneous. Tax Value of D.C. Land Now Is $21,714,561 Above a Year Ago Assessed value of taxable real estate in the District for the fiscal year ended June 30 increased $21. 714,561 over the previous fiscal year, according to the annual re port of the assessor. As a result, revenue increased $434,290, the report said. The District can collect taxes only on 48.7 per cent of the 30,909 acres of land in the District, the records indicate, since 42.2 per cent belongs to the United States; 3.4 per cent to the city and 5.7 per cent to charitable groups or others exempt from taxation. The real estate tax on taxable property for the fiscal year, at the rate of $2 per $100 value, totaled $31,884,875. For the 1950 fiscal year, the tax has been increased to $2.15 per $100 value. Total Value 1.5 Billions. The taxable property was valued at $1,594,242,065, including $542,388,907 in land and $1,051, 853,158 in improvements. The United States owns $797, 820.764 worth of real estate, it wras estimated, including $408,983,639 in land and $388,837,125 in im provements. The District’s property was val ued at $108,280,025. including $25,886,865 in land and $82,393,160 in improvements. Exempt, according to the re port, was $144,940,074 worth of real estate, including $38,925,552 in land and $106,014,522 in im provements. property soia ior aeun quent taxes, including special as sessments, in the 1949 tax sale totaled 1,495 lots for $139,575 to individual buyers, and 1,384 lots at $19,219 to the District. 686 Appeals Heard. In the 1948 tax sale, 1.342 lots were sold for $91,285 to individual buyers, and 1.228 lots at $12,596 to the District. During the last fiscal year, the Committee on Special Assessment Appeals considered 686 cases, in volving various kinds of taxes and special assessments levied by the Assessor's Office, aggregating $561,678.53, plus interest; penal ties and costs of $111,380.32. As a result of findings of the committee and approval of the Commissioners, taxes and special assessments were cleared from the records by collection or cancella tion as follows: Collections (taxes and special assessments), Including $16,393.35 penalty and Interest, $479,074.95: cancelled (taxes and special as sessments), including $68,949.82 penalty and interest, $93,195.49: appeals denied by the committee involving taxes, special assess ments, penalties and interest. $44,522.54, and eases awaiting final settlement, involving taxes and costs. $56,265.87. 80Ni Division Association Elects Judge Bazile By Associated Press RICHMOND. Va., Aue. 6.—Leon Bazile of Elmont. judge of Vir ginia’s 15th Circuit, today was elected national commander of the 80th Division Association a* its convention here. The 80th, called the Blue Ridge Division, served in both world wars. It originally was composed of men from Virginia. West Vir ginia and Pennsylvania. Men who have served with the outfit now come from all parts of the United States. Library Report Shows More Books Borrowed, 63 Per Cent of Them Nonfictipn Washington bookworms not only are reading more, but they are defying deeper into such subjects as existentialism, geo politics and supersonics, ac cording to the annual report of the District Public Library. The report for the fiscal year ended June 30 indicates the number of books borrowed for home use increased by more than 135,000 over the previous year, and that 63 per cent of the 2,853.943 volumes circulated were nonfiction. While Washington residents read the same novels as de manded by the rest of the Na tion, the report said, they showed a greater and more sus tained interest in books in the field of history, biography, philosophy, the applied sciences and the art* and crafts. New trends of interest were j noted particularly in exist entialism, geopolitics and su personics. On the other hand, there was a marked decline of interest in books on aeronau tics and military subjects in general. Library officials noted the immediate postwar interest in blue prints fof home construc tion has shifted to books on remodeling and refurnishing of old homes. The report said that while good fiction “may not be dis counted in a program of well rounded reading,” the large percentage of nonfiction bor rowed is "one more indication that the public library is ful filling its function as an edu cational institution,” In direct book service to ele mentary and junior high schools and advisory service to young adults, the library is carrying out its. commission as ‘a supplement to the public educational system of the Dis trict,” it was stated. In its service to adults through the open-shelf subject department at the central library, the report said the library plays an important part in the continuing educational program of those who have finished school and college. Library officials noted that more people apparently are engaged in hobbies. For in stance, the instinct in art popularized such books as "Any One Can Draw,” “Paint ing for Enjoyment,” “Model” ’ ing for Amateurs” and "Week End Painter.” A sustained interest was noted in the so-called "self help” books, which rose to best-seller proportions during the war when reading matter on man’s personal problems and practical solutions, encour agement or inspiration, found special interest. The sustained interest was evidenced by the popularity of such books as Rabbi Liebman’s "Peace of Mind,” and more recently, by Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen’s “Peace of Soul.”* There is a heavy demand for books on trades, business and all types of professional and semiprofessional occupations. The great demand for refresher material which grew up almost overnight during the war, especially m matnemauc* ana physics, has continued. Federal and municipal quali fying examinations were credited with the increased de mand for subjects related to stationary engineering, steam boilers, air conditioning, re frigeration, heating and electric wiring. Housewives have been using the library more for help in child care training, home man agement, cookery and purchas ing information. Prominent on the fiction list were not only the current best sellers, but older books given a new impetus by the movies, radio and television. Among the latter were ‘‘Con necticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court,” Great Expec tations,” "Three Musketeers," 'Little women, ' wuthermg Heights,” and more recently, ‘‘The Fountainhead.” “The Window,” and “Quartet.” The movies were credited with an enlivened interest in the works of Shakespeare, cer tain historical novels and their backgrounds in history, and lives of notable people. The personal appearance of an author as guest speaker in the city always creates an in terest in his work, the report said, and this was especially true in the case of Evelyn Waugh and Ronald Knox. The library also noted an unprecedented use of its ma terial by members of civic, re ligious, service and political groufts in an effort to gain in formation on issues of domestic and international import. Fate of Suffrage May Depend on Vote Tomorrow Harris Subcommittee Of House to Act, but Result Is Uncetrain By Don S. Warren The fate of the pending bills for an elected and reorganized District government may be sealed tomorrow by the Harris subcom mittee of the House. There were some contradictory predictions last night as to just what this fate would be but if the view of one Capitol Hill of ficial is borne out the city suf frage plan “will be given a fair trial and then hung." Whether the "hanging" would take place in the judiciary sub committee of the House District Committee, or later in the full committee, however, was not so certain. In fact, though four of the seven members of the judiciary sub committee. headed by Representa tive Harris. Democrat, of Arkan sas. are said to be ready to vote against any of the pending bills, there still were reports that the subcommittee would not "bottle up" the legislation. Several Member* Undecided. There also were reports that any of the pending bills "could be killed" in subcommittee by a 5-2 or a 4-3 vote. Against either of these were independent surveys that indi cated that at least two. and pos sibly three, members of the Harris Subcommittee had not yet finally made up their minds as to just what to do about it all. By one set of circumstances, it was anticipated that "surely” the subcommittee would send the suffrage issues to the full House District Committee for a decision there. Opponents believe the suf frage proposals can be killed there, they said. Others say not. One thing was certain. The second executive meeting of the Harris Subcommittee, scheduled for tomorrow morning, still was scheduled last night. Also. Representative McMillan, Democrat, of South Carolina, chairman of the full District Committee, said he planned to attend. Beyond that he made no announcement of his intentions. Would Be Assured Action. Chairman McMillan announced last January, when he abolished the 80th Congress special Horn* Rule Subcommittee and referred local suffrage issues to thA Judi I ciary Subcommittee—where there was a known majority opposition —that no bill .including the suf frage bills, would be "smothered in committee.” In keeping with this promise, he was instrumental in the holding of House hearings after the Sen ate, May 31, passed the Kefauve* bill to set up an elected city coun cil and an elected Board of Edu cation to take over the duties of appointed boards. He also was active on the side lines recently urging the Harris subcommittee to bring its hear ings to a conclusion. However, the question of just what his final views would be be came a matter of news interest yesterday when Chairman Harris of the Judiciary subcommittee told reporters he "wanted to co operate” with Chairman McMil lan. Asked just what that meant, Mr. Harris referred reporters t© Mr. McMillan. But Mr. McMil lan declined comment on this, saying the issue was in the hands of the subcommittee. Several Viewpoints For himself, Mr. Harris said hs had found there were "three or four viewpoints” as to what ought to be done among his subcom mittee members. So far, he in dicated last night, none of these has jelled/ From other sources, there were reports that one of the viewpoint* was that the subcommittee ought to send to the full District Com mittee a plan for the election of a non-voting District delegate in the House. Under this plan all the rest of the proposal for an elected city government would b* junked. Meanwhile, even some sponsor* of the bill have almost given up hope that Congress could complete i legislation action on the home rule plans at this session of Congress. While many were hoping that the issue could be moved from. th© Harris Subcommittee to the full District Committee, there were doubts as to whether the latter I would complete its action on a bill in time for action by the House before adjournment of this session. Both opponents and supporters of city suffrage bills, however, seemed in agreement that regard less of • possible failure of final action at this session the issue would not die but would come up again for renewed consideration next January. | Radio Forum to Discuss Prince Georges Drive Plans for the coming Community Chest campaign, in Prince Georges County will be discussed on the "Community Forum” program over radio station WGAY at 1:15 o’clock this afternoon. Participating in the discussion will be Smith Purdum, county campaign chairman: Mrs. Perry Wilkinson, first vice president of the Prince Georges Community Chest, and Edward Di Bella, direc tor of the Prince Georges Com munity Chest Federation. Fred T. Colwell, chairman of the county Community Chest Pub lic Relations Committee, will b« moderator.