Newspaper Page Text
Chiang and Rhee Open
Conference on Pacific Anti-Communist Pact |y th« Associated Press CHINHAE. Korea, Sunday, Aug. 7.—Generalissimo Chiang Kai shek and President Syngman Rhee of the South Korean republic held their first conference today on a Pacific pact against the Com-1 munists. It appears possible the veteran leader of Chinese Nationalists and Dr. Rhee may complete their talks tomorrow. They then are ex pected to issue a joint statement. Chiang flew to Korea from Formosa for the talks. There was no indication from associates of the two leaders that they would comment on the white paper criticizing Nationalist China which was issued by the American State Department. Review Naval Parade. Earlier today, Chiang and President Rhee reviewed a parade of Korean naval personnel at this South coast port. Chiang wore a plain khaki Chinese uniform with out insignia. After the review, Chiang and Dr. Rhee drove to the home of the commanding officer of the Chinhae naval base for the first formal talks. Chiang is staying at the heavily-guarded home of the base commander. Dr. Rhee and Chiang issued atatements indicating the Pacific Union, first projected four weeks ago by Chiang and President Elpidio Quirino of the Philippines, would be discussed fully. Chiang 4s expected to remain for three days. His route was not disclosed, but it was generally be lieved he had flown direct from Formosa, his island redoubt off the China coast. Leading advisers accompanying him included Wang Shlh-chieh, former foreign minister; Gen. Wang Tung-yuan, former gover nor of Hunan province: K. C. Wu, former mayor of Shanghai; Huang Bhao-ku, Chih-yun, member of several university faculties. Chiang Is Secluded. Chiang remained secludetf, but Dr. Rhee later told a press con ference : “It is most likely that the ques tion of the proposed Pacific union may come up for a full exchange of views. I believe if such a ques tion is taken up, the discussion will be on the broad principle of peace as adopted in the United Nations Charter and by several regional pacts which have recently been concluded among members of the U. N. for the implementa tion of that principle.” China Policy <Continued From First Page.) I tary, in the expected three lines of anti-Communist action, may urge aid for any resistance forces showing signs of a determined stand against the communists. Delivery of aid direct to gen orals in China’s unconquered Western provinces thus would be considered possible., officials sug gested, now that this Government has written off the Chinese Na tionalist regime as a failure. 3 Lines of Policy. The three lines along which policy moves are expected to be ordered are these: 1. Resistance to any threat of aggression by the Chinese Com munists against China's neighbors ^-such as Burma and French Indo-China. 2. Promotion of political policies among China's neighbors from Korea through Japan and the Philippines around to India which will better living conditions of the people and thereby weaken the position of communism working from the inside. 3. Seizure of all opportunities to weaken the position of communism inside China by giving encourage ment and, where practical, assist ance to any Chinese movements aimed at restoring the country s independence of communism. Action Hinted by Acheson. In a general way all three lines of action were indicated in Mr. Acheson’s letter to President Tru man transmitting the White Paper on China policy, and in Mr. Acheson’s news conference state ment yesterday. What the United States may actually do will de pend, of course, on the final shap ing of congressional reaction to the White Paper blast at China's tottering Nationalist government. Precisely what moves the United States may take is the subject of Intensive studies which Mr. Acheson has ordered on the part of his troubleshooter, Ambassador Philip Jessup, officers of the State Department’s far Eastern Division, »nd other top assistants. Eventual dicisions will depend, however, on the way events move in China more than on any other single factor. In his White Paper letter Mr. Acheson nailed future American policy to the principle of being “realistic” and of deal ing with the facts as they de velop. One thing he is now trying to learn is whether military forces outside Communist control are under determined and competent leadership so that can be counted on. Congressmen Divided. Congressional reaction to the White paper was still sharply divided with some members hold ing to the idea that the admin istration’s estimate of the Na tionalist Government as a failure was “realistic”—but others insist ing that the real failures were those of the administration in not helping the Chinese Nationalists enough. At any rate critics of all shades ®f view appear to agree that Mr. Acheson is right in saying the United States is now confronted with the “gravest difficulties” in trying to achieve its objective of developing China as a country CHICAGO.—TV BROADCAST LETS FATHER SEE GIRLS—Beverly Fetzer, 13, and her sister, Janice (right), 10, appeared before a television camera Friday night in order that their father, Joseph Fetzer, 38, a patient at the municipal tuberculosis sanitarium, might “see” them for the first time in 14 months. Sanitarium rules prohibit visits by children. With the youngsters is a television announcer, Russ Davis___—AP Wirephoto. free of Russian or any other foreign domination. The whole situation will be re viewed with Ambassador John Leighton Stuart, who is due here Wednesday after having spent the last several months in Communist China. In commenting on the White Paper’s disclosures, Senator Van denberg said it was obvious that both Nationalist China and the United States had made “tragic mistakes.” “Our chief mistakes,” his state ment said, “were (1) the price wre paid at Teheran and Yalta, at China’s expense, for Russia’s be lated and unnecessary entry into the Jap war; (2) our well inten tioned but impractical insistence upon a Nationalist-Communist coalition.” “The post-mortem is chiefly useful as warning for the future,” he added. The tone of Senator Vanden berg’s statement w'as in sharp contrast to the heated comments of Mr. J. Hurley, who was ap pointed by President Roosevelt as a special wartime envoy to China with ambassadorial rank. Mr. Hurley's assignment was to try to achieve unity between the Chinese Nationalists and Com munists. « 1945 Blasts Echoed. His comments on the White Paper echoed his blasts of Novem ber, 1945, when he resigned his post w’ith a bitter denunciation of career diplomats and a warning that a Third World War was “in the making.” His statement today declared that “pro-C6mmunists” In the State Department engineered the overthrow of, the Nationalist gov ernment and aided in the Com munist conquest of China. “Nearly all the officials relieved by me in China because they were pro-Communist are now in the State Department — presumably writing alibi White Papers,” he declared. Discrepancy in Policies. Mr. Hurley said the White Paper correctly stated that he nearly al ways agreed with the announced policies of the President and his Secretary of State. He added, how ever: “I criticized the wide discrep ancy between the policy stated by the highest officials and the policy made effective throughout the world by the State Department. The policy of the highest officials and the State Department are not alike. They are very different policies.” Mr. Hurley said the late Presi dent Roosevelt w'as a sick man at Yalta, when he signed secret agreements giving Russia special concessions in China. Mr. Hurley characterized the Yalta agree ments as a "blueprint for Com munist conquest of China.” Reds Charge u. b. btirs up Disturbances in Rear Areas SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 6 (/P).— The Chinese Communists charged today that ‘ American imperial ism” was arming and supplying “bandits and secret agents” to disturb the Communist rear areas. A Peiping broadcast, heard in San Francisco by the Associated Press, declared. “American im perialists are placing great hopes on such armed bandits and secret agents and supplying them with money and arms. “Chinese and foreign reaction aries dream of utilizing these ban dit forces to put up dying strug gles and are preparing to make them work hand in glove with for eign interventionist armed forces to achieve a restoration.” This broadcast gaye no details, but another said that Nationalist agents in Manchuria were using “feudal superstitious societies to create armed disturbances and conduct subversive activities.” It said '‘many plots” in Man churia were "recently unearthed.” and named a number of alleged leaders, but did not say they had been apprehended. Pools iContinued From First Page.'* rected the staff which wrote the controversial 91-page report on segregation in the District which was released last year. Invited by officials of the In terior Department's National Park Service, Dr. Lohman will be here at least a week, a spokesman for the park service said. He will give advice and hold seminars regard less of what action Interior Secre tary Krug may take in regard to the closed Anacostia swimming pool, the spokesman added. The decision of Park Service of ficials to invite Dr. Lohman to come here followed a trip to Chi cago by Edward J. Kelley, dist ant to the superintendent of Na tional Capital Parks (which is the Washington office of the National Park Servicei, and Capt. Mark Raspberry, head of the Park Police. Mr. Kelley and Capt. Raspberry conferred with Chicago police, top recreation officials, members of the city council, the mayor and others on how Chicago is handling the race question in its 80 odd pools and public beaches. Dr. Lohman has worked with the Chicago officials on racial matters, the Park Service spokes man said. Meanwhile, a proposal which would lead to the reopening of the Anacostia pool—and possibly some agreement between Interior and the District Recreation Board on turning over operation of the pools to the local body—will be submitted to Mr. Krug tomorrow by park officials. /The Anacostia pool has been closed since July 1, on orders from Mr. Krug, after disturb ances occurred there when col ored swimmers began to use the pool. It was pointed out that any de cision to reopen the pool—and whether it will reopen as a segre gated or nonsegregated pool— must come from Mr. Krug. Since he personally closed the pool, the matter has moved up from the Park Service to the “Secretary level." Interior Department officials and members of the Recreation Board met Friday and worked out a proposal which will be put up to Mr. Krug tomorrow. Nobody would discuss the nature of the proposal. Harry S. Wender. Recreation Board chairman, said he was “optimistic about the en tire problem.” A. E. Demaray, associate director of the National Park Service, said he hoped the proposal would lead to the re opening of the Anacostia pool and added the discussion Friday was based on the assumption that the Recreation Board would take con trol eventually of all six pools. A deadlock in the pool situation developed after Mr. Krug's original statement on July 1 that he was ready for the Recreation Board to take over all local recreation fa cilities under the jurisdiction of the Interior Department. The Recreation Board has stated it will operate the six swimming pools only on a segre gated basis. The Interior Depart ment has stated no backward steps will be taken in turning over the control, meaning that those facilities now open to all races must remain open to all. The six pools;—Takoma. Ana costia, East Potomac, McKinley, Bannecker and Francis — have been open to both colored and white swimmers theoretically for several years. Actually, only Francis and Bannecker have been used by colored youths until this summer. Since then Anacostia has been closed to avoid trouble and McKinley, once a white pool, now is used almost exclusively by colored. El Salvador Plans Housing El Salvador's government has asked local capitalists to back a housing project to erect 1,500 low cost units at a cost of $1,800,000 in the first year. Genevfi kitchens I Convenient Terms ' . PLANNED FURNISHED "INSTALLED For You % By John G. Webster’s Own Kitchen Experts We do the complete fot>—Plumbing, plastering, tiling, electrical work, structural or window changes. Registered Plumber in D. C., Md. and Va. 627 F JftHM G WtBSTII ST. st. n.w. QffinQQjQQyQQQQg 6ioo (Established 1912) Opp. The HECHT Co. on F St. Open All Day Saturdays \ *' ■Jf —B^—imrnmmm Ford ^Continued From First Page! dispute with the union. He con 1 eluded: ‘‘But however you decide, you must vote.” Ford Motor Co. objected strongly to holding the election among 63,500 employes at its Rouge and Lincoln plants in. vacant lots close to union headquarters. It charged this would permit the union to | "exert undue influence on the election.” The Rouge plant is the heart of the Ford empire. Justice Carr ruled that the com pany’s application for leave to ap peal the State board's order setting up polling places be held in abey ance indefinitely. If the justice had granted the company's plea, it would have had the effect of postponing the election. The UAW held a strike vote among its 106.000 Ford members across the Nation last month. It reported seven-to-one approval. Since June 2 the company and the union have been negotiating on UAW demands for $100 month ly pensions, health benefits and a cost-of-living increase. Yesterday, Ford eased its stand slightly. It suggested a 12 in stead of an 18-month wage freeze. UAW President Walter P. Reuth er rejected it flatly and challenged John S. Bugas, Ford industrial re lations director, to debate the is sues In Briggs Stadium, home of the Detroit Tigers. Mr. Bugas today turned down the challenge. He telegraphed Mr. Reuther: “The place to settle £he Issues between the company and your union ls^at the bargaining table. The way^o settle them is by hon est negotiation. Our negotiations thus far have unfortunately been 1 conducted in an atmosphere of emotional outbursts and name calling by you and other spokes men for your union.” U. S. First in Power WASHINGTON.—The United States ranks far ahead of any other nation in production of the ; four major sources of power—coal, natural gas, oil and hydroelectric power. Ancient Skulls Unearthed Scratching in the light soil of a bank near Hamilton, New Zealand, a dog unearthed eight skulls which scientists decided were those of natives eaten long ago by Maori cannibals. Mob Held at Bay By Policewoman In Arrest of 3 By th« Aispciot^d Pr*ss DETROIT, Aug. 6.—A cadet policewoman drew her service re volver and drove back an angry crowd while a patrolman shot two youths and overpowered a third in a struggle here last night. The patrolman, Carl Byers, con fronted the youths after two-girls complained they had been ac costed. The policewoman, Miss Marion Kay Wells, gave this report of the incident: The girls, 13 and 16, ran into a drug store, begging protection. Patrolman Byers went outside to question the youths. He was in plain clothes but identified him self as a policeman. All three youths jumped on him. One caught the officer by the throat and got him down on the sidewalk. Another said, “Get the cop's gun.” “At this I ran out into the street,” Miss Wells continued. ‘The third man seas wrestling with Patrolman Byers. A threatening crowd of spectators gathered. I drew my own service revolver, identified myself as a policewom an, and waved the spectators away. “Meanwhile, Byers wrenched loose, got to his feet and fired one shot, while I held off the mob. He wounded two of the men and captured another.” Greece (Continued From First Page.) Commission on the Balkans re ported that one of its planes photographing fortifications along the border was fired on from gun positions within Albania opposite Alevista. Unscob said the guer rillas were using 105-mm. guns, apparently coming from a foreign source. l ine Crosses Frontier. The report also said the photographs “clearly show” the guerrillas have prepared a line of trenches extending across the Greek - Albanian frontier. The only figures on casualties said 36 guerrillas were killed and 15 captured w'hen heavily fortified pillboxes on Alevitsa height were stormed by grenade-throwing in fantrymen. The uenerai stan saia me troops who captured and held Alevitsa were fired on from an other height in Albania. The an nouncement added that this‘"at tack was supported by Albanians. It also said columns of trucks were seen recently carrying supplies and troops from Albania into Greece and that the guerrilla forces were reinforced recently by 150 Communist Greek seamen. There was no mention of Im pending operations against the Vitsi triangle, where more than 7.000 guerrillas are holed up west of Phlorina. - These forces are connected with the concentration in the Grammos by a slender com munication line within Greek ter ritory, but Greek officials claim there Is a strong connecting line through Albania. Observers pre dict the Vitsi battle will open so<>n. 3 Divisions Seen Involved. The staff has not disclosed the number of troops participating in the Grammos fighting under Lt. Gen. Thrasivolos Tsakalotos. a corps commander. However, three divisions or 30,000 men are believed involved. Informed sources say 25 to 40 per cent of some guerrilla units are women and girls. For nearly a year the Greek army has been undergoing in tensive training by American vet jerans of the Pacific and Nor ) Nationally Known for i Quality and Moderate Price | Here is a piano value that stands comparison with any on the market today—the Lester Betsy Ross Spinet. Beautiful in appearqpce (there are 9 different styles) it possesses true, rich tone and easy responsive action. This nation ally-known piano gives you high quality at modest cost. See and compare it at the Jordan Piano Company. Down payment on this piano as little as $25 Corner 13th end C Street* Sterling 9400 If you cannot come in, mail coupon for information -JORDAN'S-corner 13th and G St*. N.W. Pleaie tend me hill information on the Loiter Petty Ron end other pianei. NAME........- — ADDRESS_____ ....■...<5> —--- « mandy. Lt. Gen. James A. van Fleet, head of the American mil itary mission to Greece, described the army after a recent trip along the frontier as “alert, confident, well trained and well equipped.” Greek newspaper correspond ents are not allowed in the op erations zones, under a ban im posed three weeks ago. However, correspondents representing the foreign press have freedom of movement. Foreign Arms (Continued From First Page.) grant of wide presidential powers, he still thinks he will vote against the arms program. Senators Vandenberg of Michi gan and Dulles of New York, top Republican supporters of the bi partisan foreign policy, praised the State Department's action in limiting the scope of the bill. As it now stands, $1,160,000,000 would be available to North At lantic Treaty signers, $261,000,000 would continue the Greece-Turkey program, and $27,000,000 would be available to provide arms for Iran, Korea and the Philippines. Senators Vandenberg and Dulles made it clear that they still think the amount set aside for the treaty signers is too large. There is no objection, even from Sena tor Taft, to the Greece-Turkey proposal. Also Senators vanaenDerg ana Dulles are reported prepared to demand that the program be geared into the mutual defense plan expected to be drafted by a military committee to be set up by the North Atlantic Council authorized in the security treaty. They are not satisfied that the administration's revised bill does this although it states that the aid shall conform to the common defense and advance the commit tee's planning. Both have said they want only a stop-gap program to get re armament under way until the council acts to assign defensive tasks to various nations. Senator Lodge, Republican, of Massachusetts, a Foreign Rela tions member, said he is working on an amendment that would separate more clearly the cost of obtaining new military supplies from the cost involved in turning over surplus equipment to them. The bill now provides $77,000, 000 in cash outlays for repairing and shipping about $450,000,000 in such surplus equipment. Lucas Predicts Approval Of Military Assistance CHICAGO, Aug. 6 —Senate Ma jority Leader Lucas predicted to day that Congress will overwhelm ingly approve the military assist ance plan for North Atlantic Pact members. ‘‘There will be much debate and much argument about the details of that plan.” he told the Illinois American Legion convention.” but I am convinced that the Con gress of the United States will give it overwhelming approval in the end.”_ __ Huk Political Chief Dies Of Ruptured Appendix By the Associated Press Manila, Sunday, Aug. 7.—The political director of the Commu nist-led Hukbalahaps in Central Luzon has died of a ruptured ap pendix. advices from the armed peasant rebels said today. He was identified as Major Ma nalo, one of the founders of the peasant union which flies the hammer and sickle on its red ban ners. _ Lectures to Mark Year Of India's Independence The first anniversary of India’s independence will be marked by a series of lectures each Sunday this month, the first one at 8 o'clock tonight at Voice Recording Stu dios, 1606 Twentieth street N.W. For years a part of the British Empire, India won status of a commonwealth on August 15, 1948. In recognition of the anniversary, the Center of Religious Education has arranged a lecture series with these speakers: Maganlal K. Pandit, who will speak on "Spiritual Development”; Mrs. Carl S. Clancy, "Understand ing India and Its Religious Con sciousness”^ N. C. Mukherjee, "My India,” and R. K. Kapur, deputy education secretary of the Indian Embassy, "The Philosophy of Non Violence.” Machinists to Strike In West Coast Plants By th« Associated Press LOS ANGELES. Aur. 6.— An industry - paralyzing walkout of 40,000 aircraft workers in South ern California was threatened to day by the International Associa tion of Machinists (independent). John Unider, president of IAM District 727, said negotiations over a new contract had reached a deadlock. Strikes already have been authorized by union members, he said, at Lockheed Aircraft Corp., at Burbank, and the Douglas air craft plants at El Segundo and Santa Monica. He said negotia tions are at a standstill in the Solar and Rohr aircraft plants at San Diego. The Consolidated Vultee aircraft plant at San Diego, he said, would not be “im mediately ' affected’’ because its contract with the union expires later. At a union meeting today in North Hollywood tentative plans were made to strike the Douglas plants Wednesday midnight and the Lockheed plant August 21. Dates have not been set for the other plants. The union is asking a 15-cent an-hour blanket pay increase: bonuses for late-hour shifts, and "adequate’’ sick leave and vaca tion provisions. 8 y y Men Given Death For Killing 77 in France By the Associated Press LILLE, France, Aug. 6.—Eight members of Hitler's S.S. (elite corps i were sentenced to death today for the massacre of 77 French civilians in the village of Ascq on April 1. 1944. A ninth was sentenced to 15 years in prison. Eight others who were. never captured were sentenced to death in absentia. Their case grew out of execu tions of the 77 French people after a German military train carrying part of the 12th S.S. Division was derailed near Ascq. Witnesses testified the Germans swarmed from the train, broke into houses, shot the village priest and several other men on the spot and rounded up the rest in freight cars. The latter were'shot as they were kicked off the train by sol diers. Chinese Are Divided On Whether U. S. Will Continue Sending Aid % By fh# Associated Press CANTON. China, Aug. 6.—Chi nese opinion was divided tonight on whether there ever again would be American aid for Nationalist China. A government spokesman said official reaction to the American White Paper on China—issued Friday in Washington—could not be expected for several days. Premier Yen Hsi-shan and other top Nationalists refused comment. Some others expressed opinions, but mostly on an anonymous basis. Best opinion was that there would be no formal protest to Washington. “The White Paper means we will get no more aid,” said one member of the Legislative Yuan. “The effect at the front will be very bad: our officers and men will be gravely discouraged.” Deplores Baring of LI Letter. He added that the White Paper's disclosure of Acting President Li Tsung-jen's secret May 5 message to President Truman might im pair unity by being construed as an attack on Generalissimo Chi ang Kai-shek. Wang Shih-tseng, spokesman for the minority Youth Party, ex pressed belief the United States had not abandoned help for China and forecast some new aid plan. Wang said that if America should put China outside its de fense system against Russia, there would be another “Pearl Harbor.” He did not elaborate, but declared all democratic elements in China were against the Reds because of their open allegiance to Russia. Another source took the position that the White Paper was merely a whitewash of past American action or inaction in China and would have no particular bearing on the possibility of future aid. This official insisted the United States still shared responsibility for the present Communist ascend ancy. Reds Seem Encouraged. One legislator who permitted the use of his name was Abdullah Tenan from the northwest prov ince of Sinkiang. •'Publication of the White Paper is untimely,” he said. “It will only encourage the Communists.” (First Communist reaction was by Hwa Shiang Pao, Com munist party paper in the Brit ish colony of Hong Kong. It said the White Paper was a scheme to "create the illusion the American imperialists have been so disappointed by Chiang Kai-shek's reactionaries that they — the Americans — could have no part in the anti-Com munist Pacific union being pro moted by Chiang. President Quirino of the Philippines and President Synglnan Rhee of South Korea.” (The official Communist ra dio said nothing about the White Paper. Instead, it re ported chiefly on military ac tivities, announcing capture of Chuchow August 3. It did not mention that Chuchow, on the railway 25 miles south of Changsha and 340 miles north of Canton, was captured pre viously in July but that the Reds pulled out when Nation alists threatened their supply lines >. is the only word Sometimes we wish there was‘another word we could use to show the difference between our current "sale” and an ordinary sale. Here we have only the finest quality merchandise. On the labels are names known nationally and internationally for the utmost in men’s clothing and furnishmgs—styles, materials and workmanship. There is not one item of "distress merchandise" in our store. True, we may, not have all sizes or all colors in some of the articles we'offer but if we. have yours—it is enough. On Sale now tiro Selected Groups of Men's Summer & Winter Suits, Topcoats & Overcoats. Raincoats, Fine Quality Haberdashery. Straw A Felt Hats, French, Shriner A Urner Shoes. Women's Tailored Suits A Coats. Lewis & Thos. Saltz 1409 G Street;• N. IV. Executive 4343 Not connected with Silte Brov, Fnc.