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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 14, 1949, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Some cloudiness in morning. Mostly
sunny by afternoon. Highest temperature
about 85. Tomorrow partly cloudy with
moderate temperatures.
Noon _.-81 6 p.m. _-85 11p.m. - 80
2 p.m. -.88 8 p.m. -_82 Midnight 79
4 p.m. —84 10 p.m. -.80 1a.m. --76
1
Home DeJivery
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Night Final edition, $1.30 and $1.40
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Telephone ST. 5000.
_An Associoted Press Newspoper_
97th Year. No. 221.
WASHINGTON, D. C., AUGUST 14, .1949-132 PAGES. ★
Washington rr'T'XT r^TTVTC I? C*NT8
and Suburb! JLJliXV J.O. XUiewbira
Vaughan DeniesAnylmpropriety
In Asking for Deep-Freeze Units,
Names 5 Who Rteceived Them
--- <
One Was Sent to
Truman's Home,
Statement Says
Mai. Gen. Barry H. Vaughan.
President Truman's military aide,
explained yesterday that he ac
cepted deep freeze units from two
old friends as a courtesy to him
and to several other persons and
that he saw "nothing improper''
about the gifts.
He declared that the freezers
were experimental models with no
commercial value. Besides retain
ing one for himself, he sent others
to the Little White House at In
dependence, Mo., Fred M. Vinson,
now' Chief Justice. Secretary of
the Treasury Snyder. James K.,
Vardaman, the President's former
naval side, and Presidential Sec
retary Matthew J. Connelly, he
said.
Breaking his silence on a Senate
Expenditures subcommittee in
vestigation of "five percenters.”
Gen. Vaughan commented in these
words on testimony that freezing
units were sent in 1945 and 1946
to him and other notables:
“Since the beginning of the in
vestigation conducted by the sub
committee under the chairman
ship of Senator Hoev, I have re
frained from making any state
ment because I have already in
formed the committee that I will
appear as a witness at the proper
time and make a full statement
regarding all the matters w'ith
which my name has been con
nected.
Say* Statement Is Necessary.
"However, stories have appeared
In the newspapers yesterday and
today which bring into the inves
tigation the names of prominent
persons. These stories refer to
certain deep-freeze units that were
delivered in Washington and else
where.
“Because some inference or im
plication is present that there was
some impropriety in this connec
tion, I believe that I should make
a statement at this time so that
it will be absolutely clear that:
there was nothing improper in any
manner regarding the gifts of
these units.
“In 1945 I had a talk wdth two
old friends of mine—Mr. Harry
Hoffman and Mr. David Bennett.
The subject of deep-freeze units
came up, and I said that I would
like to have one for my house and
that I would also like to send one
to the Little White House in In
dependence. Mr. Hoffman said,
that he was associated with a
concern that w’as beginning to
manufacture deep-freeze units,
and that he thought he could get
hold of some factory rejects. He
asked me whether, if he found
that he could obtain some of these
units, I would want some for some
of my associates.
Were Experimental Models.
"Later Mr. Hoffman informed
me that he could obtain some
deep-freeze units that did not
have commercial market value, as
they were experimental models.
At that time I informed him that
I would like to have him send
one to me and one to the White
House in Washington for the
lunch room used by members of
the staff. Also, I asked him to
send one to the Little White House
in Independence. Mo., and to send
other units to Mr. Fred Vinson,
Mr. John Snyder. Mr. James K.
Vardaman and Mr. Matthew J.
Connelly. I had previously told
them that I was going to get some
deep-freeze units and that I
would like each of them to have
one.
“It Is my recollection that the
persons to whom the units w’ere
sent were not acquainted with
either Mr. Hoffman or Mr. Ben
continued on Page A-4, Col. 1.)
Freezer Cabinets
May Have Been
Faulty, Firm Says
By the Associated Press
MILWAUKEE, Aug. 13.—There
may have been some defective
steel In the cabinets of the deep
freeze units sent several top Wash
ington officials, an officer of the
firm which made them said to
night.
“I know we had a certain
amount of trouble with the steel
in some of the cabinets we made
in 1945,” said James P. Quirk,
secretary-treasurer of the Quirk
Co., which supplied cabinets to
Albert J. Gross, Milwaukee manu
facturer.
“I don’t know whether any of
the cabinets we sold gross w§re
defective, Mr. Quirk added. “All
we sold him were the boxes and
I don't recall any complaints.
Our first shipment to him was on
September 29, 1945.”
Mr. Quirk's brother, Robert,
vice president of the firm, said,
"There may have been some de
fective steel in some of them, but
we didn’t know it nor did we sell
them to him as rejects.” He ad
ded that his company sold several
hundred cabinets to Mr. Gross
for $110 each.
Democrats Ban States Righters
From Voting on New Chairman
McGrath Says Mississippi and Louisiana
Have Left Party, Bars Parley Invitations
By the Associated Press
The Democratic National Com
mittee yesterday slammed the dooi
against its "States Righters" mem
bers, barring them from its nex
meeting to elect a successor t<
Chairman J. Howard McGrath.
McGrath himself sent out th(
blunt notice that the Louisiana
and Mississippi delegates have noi
been invited to the August 24 ses
sion at the Mayflower Hotel hen
starting at 10 a.m.
• At that time William M. Boyle
jr., now serving as the $30,000 a
year executive vice chairman, is
slated to take over the chairman s
job—which carries no salary. Sen
ator McGrath is stepping out U
become Attorney General. Th«
Democratic announcement sajc
Senator McGrath will recommenc
Mr. Boyle as his successor.
South Carolina Mentioned.
In his statement Senator Mc
Grath di<f not clarify the status
of committee members in Alabama
and South Carolina which alsc
supported the States Rights party
last fall. However, he pointedly
remarked that the "national com
mitteeman from South Carolina"
—Gov. J. Strom Thurmond—"was
' a candidate for election on the
ticket of another party."
He made no comment on the
i position of that State's committee
woman, Mrs. Anne A. Agnew of
Columbia.
As for Alabama, Senator Mc
Grath noted that Marion Rush
ton had resigned from the com
mittee post. Capitol Hill sources
said Mr. Rushton had not been
invited. but that Alabama's
committeewoman, Mrs. Lennard
Thomas, had received a bid.
Charges Bolt From Party.
Senator McGrath said the rea
son he blackballed the Louisiana
and Mississippi members was "be
cause in my judgment by their
several actions at the convention
and subsequently in the campaign
they have left the Democratic
Party."
The Louisiana members are
William H. Talbot of New Orleans
and Miss Mary Evelyn Dickerson
of Oakdale. Mississippi's are J.
~(See DEMOCRATS, Page A-5.>
Council of Europe
To Discuss Chahges
Necessary for Unily
9-Point Agenda Adopted;
Discussion of Irish
Partition Ruled Out
By the Associated Pres*
STRASBOURG. Trance. Aug.
13. — The Council of Europe
idopted tonight a nine-point work
program for its drive to pull the
war-battered countries of the old
world closer together. At the
same time it ruled out any spe
cific discussion of Irish partition.
The council's Committee of
Ministers approved "an agenda
which was drawn up earlier by
the Consultative Assembly's 101
delegates, and which will keep
them busy for at least several
weeks.
The nine-point agenda provides
for debate on such items as po
litical changes necessary in
Europe to bring about greater
unity of member nations, human
rights and fundamental freedoms.
These were among six points
added today by the Consultative
Assembly- to three points orig
inally proposed by the ministers'
committee.
The addition of the six points
was a victory for Winston
Churchill and the majority-in the
Assembly. None of the points
covers military subjects, since the
committee and the Assembly
agreed this was not within the
competence of the Council of
Europe.
The touchy nationalistic issue
over Ireland was ruled out as a
problem for debate during today’s
talk on possible agenda items.
Eamon de Valera, former Prime
Minister of Ireland, made two de
termined efforts to put the dis
pute with Britain over Northern
Ireland on the program. The As
sembly rejected Mr. de Valera's
suggestion by an overwhelming
show of hands.
Strong opposition to the Irish
man’s proposal came from most of
the British delegates. The six
counties of Northern Ireland
since 1921 have been part of the
United Kingdom along with Eng
land. Scotland and Wales.
The Irish proposal was for the
Assembly to discuss the best way
to eliminate causes of disputes
between member states. Previ
ously. Ireland's foreign minister,
Sean MacBride. had made it clear
he considered the partition of
Ireland a cause of dispute be
(See~cbUNCILTPage ^A-5.)
Chinese Communists
Press Drives Toward
Canton on 2 Fronts
Nationalists' Defenses
Holding Off Red Troops
In Vicinity of Kanhsien
By tht associated Press
CANTON, China. Aug. 13.—The
Communists pushed two Increas
ingly furious drives south towards
this Nationalist capital today.
Official Nationalist reports said
the nearer one was being held in
check on the outskirts of Kanh
sien. 215 miles from Canton.
Private reports said the other
had bypassed or captured the
railway town of Henkshan. 290
miles north, and was aiming at
the key railway junction of Heng
yang, 265 miles north of Canton.
The government account esti
mated 50.000 to 60,000 Red troops
were hurling themselves at Kanh
sien, but said they still, were un
able to crack the city's defenses,
led by Gen. Fang Tien, governor
of Kiangsi Province.
The private reports said fight
ing was in full sway at unspecified
places south of Hengshan, indi
cating the Reds had skirted or
taken that town.
A Nationalist army spokesman
denied persistent rumors that
10,000 to 20,000 government troops
had deserted to the Communists
in the Hengshan area.
Unofficial dispatches said the
Nationalists were blowing up rail
way tunnels and bridges in an
effort to halt the advance.
Other reports indicated the
Reds were moving to isolate the
important port city of Foochow,
450 miles northeast of Canton.
They were reported to have
reached points 30 miles southwest
and 30 miles northwest of Foo
chow in sharp fighting.
On the other active war front in
the distant northwest, the Na
tionalists asserted they had in-|
flicted heavy casualties on the'
Reds in beating off an attack on
Tungsin, on the Kansu-Ninghsia
provincial border. Tungsin is a
strategic point, 150 miles north
east of Lanchow, Kansu capital,
and 100 miles south of Ninghsia,
capital of the province of the
same name.
The top Nationalist commanders,
meanwhile, were gathering in
Canton for an important military
conference.
Gen. Pal Chung-hsi. com
mander on the front before Can
ton, arrived today.
Herbert Hoover Rallies Quickly
After Being Stricken on Train
ty th* Associated Press
CHEYENNE. Wyo., Aug. 13.—
Herbert Hoover was stricken with
a gall bladder ailment aboard an
sastbound train today. He con
tinued his trip, however, after
emergency treatment.
Dr. Keith Stratford of Ogden.
Utah, who boarded the train there
at the request of the Southern
Pacific Railroad, said Mr. Hoover,
the Nation's only living former
President, rallied quickly after the
attack.
Mr. Hoover “is now playing gin
rummy with friends,” his secre
tary, Bernice Miller, said at Raw
lins, Wyo., when the train arrived
at Cheyenne it was said Mr.
Hoover had won $1.20.
Dr. F. E. Wagrath, who boarded
the train at Mr. Hoover's request,
said his condition was “nothing
to be worried about.”
Mr. Hoover is en route to New
York after celebrating his 75th
birthday at a public reception at
Stanford University, Palo Alto,
Calif., Wednesday.
The former President told Dr.
Dale Hatfield at Elko, Nev.: "I
think I am having a gall bladder
attack. I have had them before
and I know what they are.”
Dr. Hadfleld treated Mr. Hoover,
then permitted him to continue
the trip after advising him to seek
further treatment at Ogden.
Dr. Stratford met the train and
!was ushered into the Hoover com
partment. He emerged 20 min
utes later to announce: ‘‘The at
tack was a mild one and Mr.
j Hoover will go on to New York.”
An ambulahce had been waiting
in the Ogden railroad yards to
rush Mr. Hoover to a hospital if
* necessary.
West Germans
To Vote Today
On Parliament
Bitter Campaign Ends;
Chief Issue Socialism
Or Private Enterprise
By th* Associated Press
FRANKFURT, Germany, Aug.
13..—A German election campaign
spiced with violence and anti
Allied oratory ended tonight with
a sober radio appeal from all par
ties for a vote for freedom.
Tomorrow the 45.000,000 inhabi
tants of Germany's three western
zones will choose a 400-member
Parliament to set up their new
West German republic. It will
be the first federal election since
Hitler seized power in 1933.
With numerous parties in the
race and a total of more than
2.000 candidates, 'forecasts were
that no party will win a majority
and it will take a coalition of two
or more parties to form the cabi
net.
The campaign has been so bit
terly anti-Allied that occupation
authorities and many German
newspapers and politicians have
expressed alarm.
Criticism of Allies Avoided.
Tonight, however, in a joint
radio broadcast, rival party lead
ers largely avoided criticizing the
Allies. Instead, they appealed to
the voters on German domestic
issues.
All of them stressed a desire for
a free, democratic and united
i ■ mm ■■ ■ ' '» ""I.
Reimann Is Target
Of Tear Gas Bomb
At Political Rally
ly th# Asftociatod Pr*st
FRANKFURT. Germany.
Aug. 13.—A tear gas bomb
was hurled tonight at Max
Reimann. Western Germany s
No. 1 Communist, during a
political rally at Reckling
hausen in the Ruhr.
Tears streamed from the
eyes of the silver-haired Com
munist leader and he was
compelled to end a campaign
speech he was delivering be
fore 7,000 persons. Police at
Reckliighausen said he, es
caped injury.
Germany. They differed widely,
however, on how they proposed to
achieve that goal.
Dr. Konrad Adenauer, leader
of the powerful Conservative
Party, the Christian Democratic
Union, said: ‘‘Your votes can de
cide whether the rights of the in
dividual will be respected by the
state, or whether the people will
be defenseless at the whim of an
all-powerful state and Its buaeau
cracy.”
Dr. Kurt Schumacher, head of
the Social Democratic Party, said:
“You cannot make a capitalistic
preserve out of West Germany in
the manner of 1850.”
Red Demands Controls End.
Max Reimann, the Communist
leader, appealed for a government
for all of Germany instead of just
the Western zones. He also de
manded the removal of occupation
troops and controls as well as the
signing of a German peace treaty.
These contrasting arguments
summed up the real domestic is
sues of the campaign. The out
come of the election may show
which way Germany will go—to
ward socialism or free private en
terprise. Most observers feel that
(See ELECTION. Page~A-4.)
Mother and 3 Children Die
As Maryland Home Burns
ty tH« Auocioted Fr«s» *
FRUITLAND, Md., Aug. 13.—A
mother and her three children;
died today after she had tried to
rescue them from a second-floor
bedroom of their blazing home.
The mother, Mrs. Bessie Lee
Wells. 24, colored, was on the
first floor of the four-room frame
house when the flre was discov
ered this morning.
She rushed upstairs to the chil
dren. All four were trapped. The
house burned to the ground.
The dead children were Berta
Mae. 9; Willie Lee. 4, and I. J.. 2.
Three other adults were in the
house, the father of the dead chil
dren and a visiting couple. The
two men—Merlon Wells, 32. and
Charles Hicks, 22—escaped un
harmed.
The woman visitor, Mrs. Lola
May Hicks, 24, was badly burned
about the face and the arms. She
was laken to Salisbury Hospital.
It was the* second such flre in
this area of the Eastern Shore in
the last two days. Yesterday, five
houses were destroyed by flames
just outside Salisbury, about four
miles north of here, and a two
month-old baby perished. i
f^WHrDOlPEOPLE.
I
Remorino, Peron's Envoy Here,
Challenges Bramuglia to Duel
But His Second Says It Won't Take Place;
Argentine Foreign Minister Out
iy the Associated Pres*
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina,
Aug. 13.—President Juan Peron
today cut loose from his distin
guished foreign • minister, Juan
Bramuglia, who at the same time
was challenged to a duel.
Mr. Bramuglia, who resigned
two days ago, was challenged to
fight by Jeronimo Remorino. Ar
gentine Ambassador to the United
States. Mr. Bramuglia was re
ported to have struck the Am
bassador in the face with his fist
when they met and had a bitter
argument.
Late tonight one of Mr.
Remorino’s seconds. Roque Izzo.
said tyiat the duel would not take
place. He said there was no cause
for action, he gave no further
explanation.
Political circles here said Mr.
Remorino will return to his post
in Washington next week.
President Peron interrupted his
week-end holiday today and after
meeting with several ministers ac
cepted Bramuglia's resignation.
He appointed Hipolito Jesus Paz.
ardent 32-year-old nationalist
lawyer and Peron supporter, as
new foreign minister.
The acceptance of Mr. Bramu
glia’s resignation was followed by
rumors that his departure would
be the signal for several othei
~ (See^ARGENTINa7Page A-5.>_
Greek Army Cuts Off
Supply Rpute From
Albania to Rebels
Planes Pound Thousands
Attempting to Escape
Government's Drive
ly the Associated Pres*
KASTORIA, Greece. Aug. 13.—
Greek troops cut off the main sup
ply route from Albania for 8.000
guerrillas in the Vitsi mountain
redoubt today.
At the same time Greek com
mandos drove from two directions
in an effort to close off the north
ern half of the frontier while the
air force plastered thousands of
guerrillas attempting to escape in
to Albania.
(The Greek general staff In
Athens said national forces
also had cut the Vitsi moun
tains in two, reaching the shore
of Lake Prespa at the village
of Mikrolimni. The thrust cut
off retreat for guerrillas in the
north into Albania, the gen
eral staff said.)
Lake Major Escape Route.
Army troops entered Vatohorion,
in the heart of the redoubt,
cutting the main supply road to
the Albanian border on the west
side of the Communist mountain
area. This left only a causeway
across Lake Prespa on the north
(See-GREECE,~Pagc A-5.)
High of 85 Expected
Today, 84 Tomorrow
Somewhat lower temperatures
are expected today and tomorrow
in a gradual moderation of the
heat which caused one death yes
terday and has held August av
erages at least six degrees above
normal.
Some cloudiness this morning,
the weatherman said, should give
way to clearing skies in the after
noon with a maximum of about
85, as compared with yesterday’s
humid 88 degrees.
Tomorrow probably will be
partly cloudy with a high of
around 84, which is normal for
this season.
Last night was especially humid
in the wake of rains that had
helped to bring the temperature
down 24 hours previously.
The week of blistering weather
mounted from a high of 91 Mon
day to 93 Tuesday, 95 Wednes
day, 97 Thursday and 94 Friday.
The death attributed to the heat
was that of Lafayette Eye, about
78, a farmer from near Monterey,
Va„ living temporarily at 478
Maryland avenue S.W.
Mr. Eye was found unconscious
yesterday morning in the rear of
the 200 block of Fourth street S.W.
Police were summoned and he was
removed to Gallinger Hospital,
where he was treated for heat
prostration. He died yesterday
afternoon.
fat
D. C. Derby Winner
Is Confident Today in
International Finals
Alfred Ashton Competes
With 147 Other Soap Box
..Drivers for Scholarship
By Wallace E. Clayton
Stor Staff Correspondent
AKRON. Ohio.. Aug. 13—Alfred
E. Ashton was as calm and confi
dent on the eve of the All-Ameri
can Soap Box Derby as he was
the night before he easily won
the Washington championship last
month.
The District champion is mak
ing no prediction on the outcome
of tomorrow’s world series of boy
built cars—but an observer can't
help getting the impression that
Alfred thinks the Evening Star
entrant will be among the top
contenders for first prize of a four
year college scholarship.
His first appearance in the in
ternational finals will be in the
last heat of the initial elimination
round. Luck favored Alfred ir
the assignment of the first heats:
He will race against but one other
contestant. All but two of the
first heats will have three boys in
them.
Winners in the elimination
rounds will race against each other
until but three are eliminated
These three champions will race
for the top prize of the scholar
ship. the second prize of a new
Chevrolet, and the third prize of
a motion picture camera and
projector.
Alfred's competitor in the first
round will be Richard Holderman,
13, of Elkhart. Ind. The weight
of the Holderman youth and his
car is 45 pounds less than the
combined weight of Alfred and
his aluminum-painted speedster—
a definite advantage for Alfred.
(Continued on Page A-6, Col. 1.)
Bates Asks Quick End
Of B-36 Hearings With
'Accusers' Called
Critics Should Put up
Or Shut up, Member
Of Committee Soys
By Chris Mathisen
A demand for a speedy end of
the B-36 hearing with “accusers,
whoever they are, called on to
i bring out their evidence—if they
have any," was made yesterday by
'Representative Bates, Republican,
:of Massachusetts.
Mr. Bates, a member of the
House Armed Services Committee
which is conducting the hearing,
said:
“This cloud has been hanging
over the heads of our top military
leaders and defense officials too
long already.’’
Critics, he added, should “put
up or shut,up." He suggested that
Secretary of Defense Johnson be
given a chance to answer hints
of political influence in the B-36
program and then the accusers
present their case.
“The hearings," he added,
“should not run more than an
■ other week."
Unit to Interview Arnold.
Meanwhile, the inquiry is in
recess until August 22. A six-man
subcommittee i.<r going to Califor
nia to interview Gen. Henry H.
(Hap) Arnold, retired Air Force
chief, who is ill on his ranch. Mr.
Bates, a member of the subcom
mittee. said he thinks this is a
pointless trip.
When the hearings began last
Tuesday, Joseph B. Keenan, spe
cial counsel of the committee, ad
mitted it had a peculiar basis.
He pointed out that all the com
mittee had to go on was a speech
on the House floor May 26 by
Representative Van Zandt, Repub
lican, of Pennsylvania, and an
anonymous memorandum turned
over to the committee by Repre
sentative Deane, Democrat, of
North Carolina.
The mysterious document ac
cused Secretary of Defense John
son and Secretary of the Air Force
Symington of going out of their
way to protect the interests of
Jonsolidated-Vultee Aircraft Corp.,
maker of the B-36. It was in
timated in the memorandum that
high Air Force officials, once dis
appointed in performance reports
j on the huge six-engined inter
continental bomber, began to
clamor for more of the planes
because the word was passed that
the- financial position of Conti
nental-Vultee had to be protect
ed.
To Ask Author be Produced.
The nine - page unattributed
document appears to have been
given selective but reasonably
widespread distribution among
members of Congress and others
in Washington. But Mr. Syming
ton complained to the committee
in his testimony Friday that no
one sent a copy to _him^ or
(Continued on Page A-5, Col. 4.)
Navy Brass Told to Push Back
From Table to Avoid Pushups
By John A. Giles
You would have to climb 48
times to the top of the Washington
Monument to lose one pound of fat
and the only real reducing ex
ercise is “pushing yoursetf away
from the table.” says a new Navy
publication entitled “Feel Alive.”
Directed primarily to over-fed
and over-weight naval officers, the
humorous yet dignified illustrated
brochure makes light of the violent
exerciser and heavy eater and ad
vocates a close watch on diets.
Muscle-toning exercises are
necessary, the brochure tells the
officers, but "to Jose even one
pound of body fat by exercise alone
is a tough job.” since most weight
lost by exercise is “water—not
body fat.”
In addition to the Washington
Monument trek, “Peel Alive” lists
•'a few other examples of what
you’d have to do” to lose one
pound of body fat through
exercise: /
Stnd for 160 hours, shovel 114,
739 pounds of sand, run 43.2 miles
at the rate of a mile every 6
minutes, and do 5,714 pttsh-ups
from the floor.
vin order to have bounce, to
feel alive—it’s not necessary to
be muscle bound or move moun
tains,” it states. “All you need is
muscle-tone—a sense of physical
harmony in which every muscle is j
at the right pit$h.”
"Peel Alive,” which has just gone
to the printers, is a joint publica
tion of the Bureaus of Medicine and
Surgery and Personnel and is the
(See PUSHUPS, Page A-5.)
A
Reports of RFC
Financing Arms
Aid Irk Senators
Opposition Develops;
Officials of Agency
Called to Hearing
By J. A. O'Leary
Any move to finance a substan
eign arms program through the
eign arm progiam through the
Reconstruction Finance Corpora
tion appeared headed for trouble
in Congress last night.
Chairman Maybank of the Sen
ate Banking and Currency Com
mittee called a public hearing for
10:30 a.m. tomorrow to ask RFC
officials about unofficial reports
that this method of providing
funds for about half of the pro
gram until the January session of
Congress is being considered.
The pending arms bill is merely
an authorization, and would have
to be followed by a separate ap
propriation bill to make the money
available. In its present form, the
authorizing measure calls for an
advance of only $125,000,000 from
the RFC. but Senator Maybank
began inquiring into the subject
yesterday following published re
ports that consideration might be
given to enlarging that figure.
Connally to Oppose Move.
Meanwhile, Chairman- Connally
of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee made it plain that he
will oppose any move to give the
North Atlantic Advisory Council
authority to distribute arms fur
nished by this country. That pro
posal is expected to be made in an
amendment being drafted by
Senators Vandenberg. Republican,
of Michigan, and Dulles of New
York, Republican.
Senator Connally said he thinks
that this country, as the only fur
nisher of supplies, must retain the
deciding voice in their assignment.
The proposal of the two Repub
licans would bring the arms dis
tribution under control of the
council when it goes to work. The
council, to be set up by the 12
nations who signed the Atlantic
Treaty, will have charge of plan
ning defense of the area,
j Senators Dulles and Vanden
berg argue that since the council
has the duty of recommending a
unified defense it should have
authority over the distribution of
arms.
Aid to Congress Seen.
With Congress already facing
weeks of work to finish its pro
gram for this session, the advant
age of RFC financing would be
to expedite the arms program once
the authorization is passed and
allow Congress to wait until
January to consider the appropria’
tion bill if it so desired.
Senator Maybank told a press
conference, however, this would
mean ‘‘short-circuiting the Appro
priation Committees.”
Senator Maybank also expressed
fear it might hamper the passage
of a bill pending in the Banking
and Currency Committee to in
crease the lending authority of
RFC from *2,500,000,000 to *5,000,
000,000 to help encourage private
housing, %mall business develop
ment and other domestic pur
poses.
This development came as the
House Foreign Affairs Committee
prepared to take final action on
i the arms bill tomorrow. The
Senate Committees on Foreign
Relations and Armed Services,
voting as a unit, also may report
out the bill this week, but the
House, is expected to take it up
first, probably before the end of
the week.
Division of Funds.
The bill is designed to increase
the security of the United States
by strengthening the defenses of
co-operating nations, as follows:
For Western Europe, under the
North Atlantic defense pact, $1,
160,990,000; for further aid to
Greece and Turkey, $211,370,000;
for military assistance to Iran,
Korea and the Phillippines, $27,
640,000.
A preliminary move to cut the
bill in half failed on a tie 8-to-8
vote in the House Committee last
(Continued on Page A-5, Col. 1.)
Trailer Truck Crash
Kills Two AF Men
Special Dispatch to The Star
MIDDLEBURG. Va., Aug. 13
Two Air Force men were killed at
Halfway, about five miles south of
here, when the tractor-trailer in
which they were riding skidded on
the wet pavement of Highway 15
and went over an embankment
this afternoon.
Virginia State Trooper S. S. Se
crist, w'ho lives in Middleburg, said
it took the crews of three wrecking
trucks more than four hours to
remove their bodies.
The dead men were identified as
Sergt. James Nero, 26, Sacramento,
Calif., the driver, and Pvt. Winston
Aihes Gwinn, 21, Meadow Bridge.
W. Va., who was riding in the cab
with him. Both were stationed at
Langley Air Force Base, Va.
Trooper Secrist said cargo on
the truck indicated it was carrying
supplies from Middleton, Pa., an
other Air Force base, to the Vir-,
ginia field.
When the truck rolled over the
embankment the trailer portion
came to rest atop the cab. The
men were trapped inside.
4

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