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Groups Seen Working
To Bury House Probe Of Plane Contracts Symington Not the Issue But What Lobbying Was Done to Gain Influence By David Lawrence President Truman is 100 per, cent right in his request that final judgment be withheld until] all the facts are in with reference to the inquiry in which Gen. Vaughan has figured. That ought to be the rule in every congressional inquiry. But just now there are apparently: certain influences working day j and night to smother an investi- j gation begun by the House Armed Services Committee, on the ground that nothing has been ] proved and that certain charges concerning Secretary of Air Sym ington have evaporated. Nobody who has followed from its beginnings the inquiry begun by the House Armed Services Committee ever thought that the accusations concerning Mr. Sym ington were the main reason for the inquiry. As a matter of fact, qyen if somebody had talked about naming Mr. Symington as head of a merger of aircraft com panies—and possibly this was dis cussed without the matter ever having been broached to the Sec retary of Air—there would not have been the slightest impro priety in such a plan. Mr. Symington is an able offi cial and excellent businessman. If, unfortunately, he ever decided to leave the public service, he would be just the man to head up any big merger of aircraft companies. He is much too up right an individual to allow such a suggestion, if lqdeed he ever heard of it, to influence anything he did for the Government. Real Issues Unrelated. The real issues, however, are wholly unrelated to the flimsy references about a possible execu tive position in a possible merger. The real issues revolve *around the influence that a desire for Government contracts can have on national defense policies—on how much lobbying was done to get the contracts and how much mon«r was used in improper ways in an attempt to win govern mental influence. This is a proper subject for in quiry. It goes beyond any par ticular armed service. The Nation was astounded back in the 20s when it was discovered that a lob byist in Geneva attempted to wreck the disarmament confer ence there because it might injure steel companies interested in making armor plate for the Navy. If there are today any armor plate companies interested in propaganda or political activity in connection with contracts for the building of ships for any of the armed services—steel parts are used in airplanes, too—this is something to be investigated, j Private companies have every I right to present their claims for; contracts and to speak out pub licly, for example, in behalf of air power on land or sea, if they like. It is not what they do-pub licly that offends. It is the money they may have spent clandestinely in a propaganda for a separate Air i'orce and finally for the concen tration of funds in strategic bombing or for an enlarged Navy which occasions concern. There are two major bodies which have been carrying on campaigns to influence policy in the field of national defense apart from veterans organizations. One of these is the Navy League and the other is the Air Force As sociation. To the extent that these organizations are financed by small contributions, they are within their rights. But if either of these two bodies accepts large sums from shipbuilding or air craft-building interests, then it is a proper subject for inquiry. Merger Often Urged. It was a matter of general com ment in defense circles in Wash ington after the War that “there are too many aircraft com panies." It was often said that the best interests of national defense would be served by selecting a few companies and causing them to merge. It was even reported that the Air Force was being im portuned to get back of the merger. It is too much to expect that officers of any armed service or ahy officials of the aircraft com panies will march into the House Armed Services Committee and testify that political Influence was exerted or that they bowed to it. An investigation has to go deeper than that kind of naivete. Furthermore, it is a fact of rec-; ord in the House of Representa- j tives that persons interested in the aircraft industry contributed heavily to the Truman campaign fund last year and that large sums were raised from among their number. The interest of the country is in learning whether, with billions of dojlars worth of contracts at stake, the B-36 was given the right of way properly and if it was a mere coincidence that a company in financial dif ficulties was saved with B-36 or ders, and whether all this was just an innocent set of circum stances. Such an investigation cannot be a “whitewash” nor can it be terminated Dy hearing only a part of the testimony. As Mr. Truman says, judgment as to whether any individual inside or outside the Government did anything im proper has to be suspended till all the evidence is in—but he didn’t say that there was no need to take any more testimony after a few witnesses had given their ex parte opinions. (Reproduction Rlchta Reserved.) TRANSFER ft STORAGE CO. *0 New York Ave./N.W NA 1070 Export Packing OUR SPECIALTY / This Changing World U. S. Takes Calculated Risk in Allowing Tito to Buy American Steel Mill By Constantine Brown The American Government has launched now the first big test of its policy of attempting to win Marshal Tito permanently away from the Soviet sphere. Thi8 test in ! volves not only ' the sincerity of the Yugoslav dictator, who has been en gaged for a year now in an increasingly bitter fight with the Rus sian-led Com inform, but also the prac tiealitv of eco- ConiUntlne Brown, nomic and political inducements not only to Tito but possilMy also to other Scviet sphere leaders who may become dissatisfied with Mos ! cow’s domination, i The decision to approve the sale of a steel mill to the Yugpslav dic j tator was not taken in haste or without consideration. Many fac I tors were weighed in arriving at the decision, which was taken with recognition of the danger that if Marshal Tito ever composes his differences with Moscow the heavy equipment—amounting to an in crease in war potential—which we sell him now may become available | to Moscow in the accomplishment of its warlike aims. Betting on Tito’s Sincerity. But while conceding this dan ger, American policymakers have : undertaken to let Tito have this one bit of additional war potential i [n an effort to show him that there is more of the same for him on | the side of the Western democra cies if he sees fit to join the West. In other words, this Govern ment is betting on Tito’s sincerity and honesty of purpose. The odds i are problematical, "but are prob ! ably not far from even one way ior another. In a measure we also are show ing our gratitude to the Yugoslav marshal for favors already ren dered. His withdrawal of assist ance from the Greek Communist guerrillas already has made it pos sible for the Greek government to carry forward a gigantic cleanup of the rebels. They are denied, with Yugoslav assistance, use of the headquarters which they had maintained at Skoplje and Monas tic in Yugoslav Macedonia. They have been foreed to operate chiefly out of Albania, and it is on the Albanian border that the present great offensive has been launched with the aim of winding up the civil war completely. More Assistance Likely. There is more assistance under consideration for Marshal Tito. He has requested loanS both from the United States and from the World Bank. A commission from the latter institution now is in Yugoslavia conducting an on-the spot investigation of the request. On the Cominform side pressure against Tito is increasing greatly.1 The Czech Communists have been carrying the ball recently with their attempts to stir up the Yugo slavs to revolt against him. Sev eral attempts already have been made on his life. His own police and military forces have proved adequate up to this time to protect him against these plots. He is in constant danger, however, of assas sination by some Yugoslav fanatic or by sopie member of his own entourage who might find per sonal profit in killing Moscow's worst enemy in the Balkans. Tito's assassination, his return to the Soviet fold or a successful Russian military ac"on arT''"~t Yugoslavia not onfr could nullify our present efforts to v.^o i,.r Yugoslav leader but could prove dangerous for us by letting part of our war potential fall into Soviet hands. Yet the risjc Is one which must be taken, just as risks must be taken in war. If they are recog-1 nized and calculated, however, the peril in them is reduced to the minimum. I I . i You can take advantage of your leisure day to shop and save in AIR-CONDITIONED | comfort.. ..ail prices reduced in the HERZOG'S summer clearance sole. * I ! ! 1 CLEARANCE i j SALE | j I 100% ALL WOOL 1 ! WORSTED SUITS ' ! i AH $55 Suits reduced to I « I; SAVI: $10.25 I \ All $60 Suits reduced to | 100% ALL WOOL I ! TROPICAL i j WORSTEDS i Were $45 & $50 I I I I I I I ' SAVE UP TO $18 I I _____ Were $50 b $55 *37 ! i SAVE UP TO SIS _ | PALM BEACH SUIT? j Entire 1949 stock of these cool long-wearjng suits in large "■ MT jV assortment of colors and sizes. B n. A 2^ I Were $27.50. Reduced to__. W HERZOG'S | I F STREET AT IO»h N.W. ! LOUIE —By Harry Hanan No Protests Heard Divorce of the Dixiecrats Will Help Democratic Party All Over Nation By Thomas L. Stokes The casual way in which the retiring chairman of the Demo cratic National Committee, Sen ator McGrath, omitted invitations to four Dixie crat members of the commit tee to the meet ing here next week to elect a new chairman wasn’t in the usual political tradition. But nothing very unusual has happened as a result of that black balling of the National Com- Thom*, u sto*.. mittee members from the four States—Alabama, Louisiana. Mis sissippi and South Carolina— i whi*h bolted to the Dixiec-at candidate for President last No vember, except in the case of that candidate himself. Gov. J. Strom Thurmond of South Carolina. His resignation as national committeeman from his State was accepted at a stormy meet ing of the State Democratic Ex ecutive Committee, which replaced him with Senator Burnett May bank, who remained regular last year. Also in South Carolina and the other three States the Dixie crats were giving forth indig nantly. and arranging meetings among themselves, and two of the uninvited members were even threatening to come here. Might Add Spice to Session. If this happened it might add spice to what appears now wil^ be a routine session to elevate William B. Boyle, executive di rector of the committee, to the chairmanship. But no responsible Southern Brakes Relined While You Wait Ford »« Plymouth Chevrolet Buick Spc. Pontiac Olds Dodge m-ai free Adjustments lor lilt of linings Duplicate of D. C. Testing Machine CLIFT'S Z. 611 Md. Ave. S.W. ME. 6232 At 6th * Independence Ave. S.W., 8 blocks from P. C. Testing Station, or U. 8. Routes 1 »nd SO. !★★★★ SPECIAL Democratic leader has raised his voice in protest. Nor is there any violent revolution evident among the plain people of the South. The attitude here seems to be that the Dixiecrats, since they formed their own party, should go ahead and operate in it ard, if they desire, hold all the meet ings they want among themselves and with their corporate backers. President Truman himself put the situation succinctly when he was asked if he approved with holding invitations to the Dixie crat committee members. He re plied merely that the National Committee is in control of its own membership and is made up of Democrats. Of course, he did approve it. i No such action is taken without ! the consent of the party leader, in this case the President. ;It is part of his determined course to disassociate himself completely from the Dixiecrats. He em-| barked, on it right after the elec-! tion with his remark that he was glad he got elected without the votes of New York or the South. He pursued it thereafter by a policy of denying patronage to bolters, the customary mode of discipline in a political party. Larger Scheme Manifest. His bill of divorcement against the Dixiecrats is related to a larger scheme manifest in this Congress. This is to give per manence. if possible, to the vol untary alliance in the last election of labor and Midwest farmers, the combination responsible for the Truman victory, and thus to min imize depb|?dence on the “solid South." That explains the Presidents 100 per cent backing of labor in its demand for outright repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act. It explains also the Brannan farm plan and the Des Moines Midwest Demo cratic Conference in June to un veil it, and the projected stump ing tour of Secretary of Agricul ture Charles F. Brannan in be half of the plan which President Truman revealed frankly was at his instruction. Divorce of the Dixiecrats and. all they stand for in the way of' racial policy and economic stand-^ pattism will help the Democratic Party all over the country, in cluding the South itself. For the Dixiecrats do not represent the real aspirations of the Southern j people, and their narrow section-1 alism is anathema to people else where. McLemore— Finds a City Gripped By Gold Fever By Henry McLemore JOHANNESBURG, South Africa. —I haven’t been here long enough to catch the fever, but South African friends tell me that It is only a mat ter of time un til I wake some morning with a flush on my cheeks, «a wild glare in my eye, and running a temperature as high as a model T crossing a desert. It won’t be malarial fever, or dengue fever, or any kind of fever for which Henr* McLemore. a doctor can prescribe, but the gold fever. We have nothing comparable to ; the gold fever in the United States. Here in South Africa, and Johannesburg in particular, you’d be hard pressed to find any one who doesn’t dabble in gold shares. Here, where the gleaming metal apparently is as abundant as coal is in Pennsylvania or West Vir ginia, every one dreams of becom ing a millionaire overnight. Like-a Madhouse. Word of a new strike causes as much action as a lighted cigarette thrown in a gasoline tank. House wives throw down their brooms, stenographers abandon their type writers in the middle of a sen tence, telephone Tsirls flee their switchboards, trolley conductors leap off their vehicles, and all head for the Unipn Stock Ex change. Messenger boys, elevator oper ators, street sweepers and firemen pool their resources to buy stock. People sell their insurance policies, their houses, their cars, and their cattle, to buy gold shares. Johannesburg. I am told, is like a madhouse when a new strike is announced. An excitement grips the city that overpowers anything else, and there is talk of nothing ibut gold, gold, gold. People who i don’t own even a jalopy begin dreaming of Rolls-Royces, coun try estates, and retirement. Rip-roaring Place. Not long ago a new, extremely rich strike was made on a f#urm near the little town of Winburg. Overnight the owner of the farm became an international figure as his name and that of his farm was flashed to all parts of the world. And the town of Winburg was launched on a boom of mag nificent proportions. Business men and option hunters descend ed »by the thousands, seeking options near the farm. Real estate values took a tremendous leap, and what was a quiet peace ful little town became a rip-roar ing place. As the boom developed, I am told, the conditions on the Union Stock Exchange became frantic as hysterical buyers pushed, shoved and fought to purchase stock. The brokers all but had their clothes torn off by the wild eyed dreamers of vast riches. One can hardly blame the. peo ple for dreaming, because .Johan nesburg is a monument to what gold can mean. It is said that there are more millionaires and trillionalres to the square mile in this city that is scarcely CO years of age than in any other city in the world. Ana wnile much of this wealth came from diamonds, the greater portion came from the precious metal. (Distributed by McNauiht Syndicate, Ins.) rflral I % ;*X M i i i __ ; OPEN SATURDAY TIL I P.M. / r Hundreds of items through out the entire store drastically i reduced ... in time for your ! LABOR DAY WEEK END! S' f i 'W Reg. %7.95 Fresh Water CASTING OUTFIT Outfit consists of Horrock-lbbot son solid steel boit casting rod, offset handle with cork grip, chrome steel guides and tip; Ocean City smooth coster type level wind fresh water reel; 50 yards fine grade 12-lb. test genuine Nylon fishing line. R«g. $19.95 } Salt Water FISHING f OUTFIT | 12.95 'f Outfit censists . of Montague Stone Harbor ' 2-piece split bamboo salt water fishing rod, has reinforced ferrule, double grip, chrome steel guides and tip; Ocean City “Say City" 250»yord capacity salt water fishing rssl. Army Surplus All-Rubber ,, FISHERMAN’S \ COLD PACKS 1.29 Carry food, beverages or gear, carry iced fish or game home, site 14"x13"x21". All rubber,, waterproof pack bag, easily carried ever the shoulder. Approx. Government cost, $14.00. j | 1 FISHING CLEARANCE Reg. $10.00 Herrock-lbbotson, 2-piece ' solt-woter fishing rod-$4.95 Reg. $15.00 Horrock-lbbotson, j. , ' sfJl.f • 1-piece Trolling Rod-.$7.95 Reg. $5.00 Ocean City Bait Casting Reel, level wind- $3.25 i Reg. $10.00 Shakespeare Wonder Reel, j 1 No. 1920, level wind...$5.95 ( j Reg. $33.00 Coxe No. 25 Casting ■****- Reel, level wind_ $19.95 * Reg. $12.00 True Tamper Stolid Steel Casting Rod..~- $8.95 f MM:!.' iiiiiiil : CLOSEOUT! Reg. $8 Each : 4 Kroydon #137 Hy-Power Off-Set ■steel shaft irons . i . ; Sets of 8 and 9 pieces only, famous !j- hardened sole model, chrome- f plated satin-finished heads. |y Chrome-plated Hy-Power steel : shafts, red leather perforated grips. Men's and lodies' right hand. IBt#lfci . f-:: lii; $6 Alax Duncan GOLF BALLS Si! 2.95dM Tough cover golf boll« with moxl mum click ond dlttanco . . . o wonderful golf bgll for th# over i® ._. Men's Weather-Repellent GOLF JACKETS 3.95 Rainproof and wtndproof poplin, , Is tipper cloture, front sloth peck- r ttt; grey, ton ond blue. Iff $10.50 Men'* & Ladies' Removable Spike GOLF SHOES * mm * Iff- 7.95 • Men's shoes in plain blucher and moccasin styles, oil brown only; ladles' moccasin typo in brown and white. Genuine Turf Hugger removable spikes. $2.50 Spalding No. 061 j White Bal Style 1 TENNIS SHOES 1.49 - lew white, bal style, smooth pure gum rubber sole; all sizes. Clearance $3.95 & $5 Famous Make Boxer Style SWIM TRUNKS 1 '2.49 i, Famous moko poplin and gob si; ardlno swim trunks, cut In boxer :v style with elastic waist band, I::?*:, ; ! full built-in supporter. Includes Mm many Wlckle and McOregar jjft;? numbers. Reg. $8.50 Wilson, Don Budge and Alice Marble TENNIS RACKETS 3.95 Famgui Stra-Bow conttruction, itru'ng with genuine NYLON, per forated leather grip.