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Mostly cloudy today. Occasional rain likely tonight and tomorrow. Low tonight about 65. (Full report on Page A-2.) Temperatures Today. Midnight-.67 6 a.m.-.62 11 a.m.-.74 2 a.m.-.65 8 a.m.-.64 Noon -.77 4 a.m_64 10 a.m.--72 1p.m.-.80 New York Morkets, Poge A-15. Guide for Readers Page. Amusements ..B-20 Classified _B-13-17 Comics_B-18-19 Editorial_A-8 Editorial Articles A-9 Finance _A-15 Pile. Lost and Found A-3 Obituary _A-10 Radio _B-19 Sports_A-ll-13 Women's i Section-B-3-6 An Associated Press Newspaper 97th Year. No. 229. Phone ST. 5000 fc WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, ' AUGUST 22, 1949-THIRTY-SIX PAGES. City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday. $1.20 a Month, when 6 m ^TT'WT’S Sunday*. $1.30 Night Final Edition. $1.30 and $1.40 per Month Peace Can't Be Bought Cheaply,' President Says in Miami Speech Urging Passage of Full Arms Aid Program Fights Aggression, He Tells VFW (Text of Truman's Address On Page A-4J By the Associated Press MIAMI, Fla., Aug. 22.—Presi dent Truman fought back today against advocates of a cut in his $1,450,000,000 foreign arms aid program, declaring that peace "can not be bought cheaply.” He carried his case for Senate , restoration of the cut before thousands of cheering' delegates to the Golden Jubilee Convention of the Veterans of Foreign Wars in flag-bedecked, bunting-draped Dinner Key Auditorium. The auditorium, a war-time hangar seating 10.000 persons, was crowded to overflowing as Mr. Vaughan Nearly Left Behind as Truman Takes Off for Miami President Truman's mili tary aide, MaJ. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan, nearly was left behind today when the Presi dent took off for Miami—but it was all a mistake. Arriving at the Military Air Transport terminal after Mr. Truman and his party had boarded the plane, ' Gen. Vaughan stood talking with two sergeants. A puzzled re porter stepped up to ask the general if he was joining the President later. "Later? I'm going to fly with him today,” Gen. Vaughan re plied. Then he was told Mr. Truman was aboard the plane, ready to take off. "Why wasn't I told?” Gen. Vaughan groaned as he hur ried to the plane. Truman entered to the strains of "Hail to the Chief.” In a world upset by Soviet pres sure, he said, the arming of friendly nations is ‘‘part of the price of peace." Asks Immediate Approval. He asked approval of funds to give military aid to democracies “without delay.” The President drove to the auditorium from the airport through crowds lining highways who waved and cheered him on. Mr. Truman’s staff included Maj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughn, Army aide. Senator Pepper, Democrat, of Florida, welcomed the Presi dent with Gov. Fuller Warren and shook hands warmly with Gen. Vaughn. Mr. Truman emerged from his plane, the Independence, amid the thunder of a 21-gun presidential salute and the applause of about 4.000 veterans and spectators. Pepper Encourages Vaughn. 4 Senator Pepper first greeted the President, then shook hands with Gen. Vaughn, who has been under t fire in the live-percenter investi gation in Washington. “I'd like to shake hands with you in Florida," said Senator Pepper. ‘‘I want you to know we are for you.” The entourage left the airport for the 5-mile ride to Dinner Key with Mr. Truman in a cream con vertible, flanked by Clyde A. Lewis of Plattsburg, N. Y„ the VFW senior vice commahder, and Gov. and Mrs. Fuller Warren of Florida. The President planned to return to Washington immediately after his 15-minute talk. In his address to the VFW, Mr. Truman described the goal of the arms program as prevention of aggression. ‘‘We are not arming ourselves (See TRUMANTPagerA-47) Season's First Storm Heads Toward Florida By the Associated Press MIAMI Fla., Aug. 22.—A small Atlantic hurricane—the first of the season—roared toward the Florida coast today. The Weather Bureau here said the hurricane, probably increasing in size and intensity, was centered at 6 a.m. about 440 miles east of Nassau. It was moving west northwest about 20 miles per hour and re ports indicated an increase in the rate of forward speed. Hurricane winds estimated at 90 miles an hour whirled around the center of the doughnut-shaped disturbance. They extended out ward 30 to 40 miles from the cen-< ter and gales extended 75 to 100 miles in the northern semicircle. The weather bureau located the disturbance at 6 am. near lati tude 70.7 west. “It is expanding a bit and ought to slow down,” said Chief Storm forecaster Grady Norton, who warned it may increast in size and intensity. If the hurricane continues its present course, Mr. Norton said, it will pass north oisthe Bahamas ^and Miami. ^ New Lead in Freezer Gift Probe Provided by Veteran's Letter Mundt Calls It 'Eyewitness Account' Of Series of Incidents Linked to Case By Miriam Ottenberg A letter providing “significant information” about the gift of seven home freezers to Washing ton notables has been turned over to the Senate "five-percenter” in quiry, Senator Mundt, Republican, of South Dakota revealed today. The legislator said the letter was written by a World War II veteran to his father, who gave it to the Senate subcommittee in vestigating the activities of “in fluence peddlers.” Senator Mundt described the contents of the letter as an “eye witness account connected with the series of incidents involved in the deep freeze-perfume chain of events.” He was referring to testimony given the committee that the Al bert Verley Co., a perfume con cern, paid the bills for the home freezers given to Maj. Gen. Harry H. Vaughan and some of his friends in 1945 and 1946. / Senator Mundt is one of the committee members looking for a motive behind the gifts. He has already said he found a "suspicion of a motive" in the fact that three representatives of the perfume firm made a flying trip to Paris in an Air Transport Com mand plane a short time after the first of the freezers was shipped here. He has emphasized that at the tinfe of the trip "colossal in fluence” was needed for a busi nessman to get to Europe. Asked whether the former ser viceman who wrote the letter was attached in 1945 to the Air Trans port Command, or the Air Force, Senator Mundt replied: "That would comprise a pretty intelligent line of conjecture." The investigating committee is still working on the home freezer case. A committee aide said the Army has been asked to search through old flies lodged in Kan sas City for records on the ATC trip. The Justice Department also has been asked to supply records dealing with reported efforts of John Maragon to bring valuable perfume oils past customs offl (See FIVE-PERCENTERS, A-3.) Hickenlooper Joins * In Drive to Reduce a European Arms Aid Four Senators Attack White Paper on China as Whitewash of Policy By tfie Associated Press Senator Hickenlooper, Repub lican, of Iowa, today joined in a Senate drive to trim the $1,450, 000,000 sought by the administra tion to finance a foreign arms aid program. Sen'ator Hickenlooper, a mem ber of the Foreign Relations Com mittee, said he thought the Euro pean countries could “get along with substantially less money” than Secretary of State Acheson and military leaders have asked Congress- for. White Paper Attacked. His statement came as four Sen ators—three Republicans and one Democrat—assailed the recent State Department White Paper on China as a “whitewash of a wishful, do-nothing policy” which has placed Asia in danger of Soviet conquest. The four. Senators Knowland of California, Bridges of New Hampshire, Wherry of Nebraska, Republicans, and McCarran of Nevada, a Democrat, demanded immediate and adequate military aid for China to halt what they called a Soviet master plan for conquest of Asia. Senator Hickenlooper didn’t say , he would go as far as the House | did last Friday. It slashed the $1,160,990,000 tagged*by the ad ministration for North Atlantic Pact partners to $580,495,000, or just half the original amount. Senator Vandenbefg, of Michi gan. ranking Republican member of the Foreign Relations Com mittee, already has asked that the figure for the Atlantic Pact na tions be trimmed to an even $1, 000,000,000. He also has suggested that some of the first year’s fi nancing be in the form of contract authorization. Senator Dulles, of New York, another Republican foreign policy leader, has joined Senator Vandenberg in the $1, 000,000,000 figure. Senator George, Democrat, of Georgia, a Foreign Relations member, had recommended prior to the House action that the ad ministration request for North At lantic Pact members be halved. The House position also won en dorsement from two other South ern Democrats—Senators Russell of Georgia and Byrd of Virginia. Both are members of the Senate (See ARMS, Page A-3.J, U.S. Liner Gets Clearance To Load 1,000 in Shanghai By the Associated Press SHANGHAI, Aug. 22.—The Shanghai office of the American President Lines said today the liner General Gordon had been granted safe conduct into Shang hai by the blockading Nationalist government. The vessel is scheduled to call at Shanghai September 15 to pick up upward of 1,000 foreigners for evacuation. Most of them are Americans and British. Present plans call for the Gen eral Gordon to sail to Manila, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Kobe and Yokohama. , So far only a few hundred for eigners have been given exit per mits by the Communists in Shang h.L » German Communists Who Oppose Russia Form New Party Message of Support Sent to Tito in His Dispute With Soviet By the Associated Pro** BERLIN, Aug. 22. — German Cdmmunists who hate Russia formed a new splinter party today and promptly sent Yugoslav Pre mier Tito a message of support. A spokesman for the group claimed 4,000 active members in the Russian zone of Germany and another 600 in the Western sec tors of Berlin. Fifty former members of the Communist Party and Socialist Unity Party (SED) announced they had broken away at a meet ing in the French sector of Berlin and were forming a ‘‘Free Com munist Party.” Reject Dictatorship. ’ Karl-Heinz Scholz, 41-year-old engineer and veteran German Communist underground cam paigner, told a reporter in an interview: ‘‘We have formed to fight im perialist bolshevism. The so-called internationalism of Soviet Russia is a fraud. We reject any plans for a dictatorship over the people." It was the first report of a Ger man Communist revolt against Soviet domination similar to the breakaway last year of Marshal Tito in Yugoslavia. Scholz said the Free Communist Party (FKP), like Tito’s Com munists, will continue to support Marxian Communism, but resist any dictation from the Kremlin. Yugoslavia was expelled from the Cominform (Communist In ternational Information Bureau) last summer for “nationalistic” deviations from the line laid down by Russia. Was Reichstag Fire Suspect. Scholz, jailed by the Nazis In 1933 as a suspect In the Reich stag fire case, said Soviet sector authorities have put a price of 10,000 east marks (about $700) on his head. He lives in a French sector apartment, with steel-rein forced doors and barred windows. The rebellious Communist said FKP leaders were hiding guns and ammunition in the Soviet zone of Germany for armed resistance to the Russians. , He declared he had “sure and definite information from our underground sources” that Russia is planning to proclaim a Soviet dominated East German state in September. “When that happens.” he added, “only a revolution can then bring about unification of Ger many. We will be prepared for that necessity.” Hopes to Be Major Party. The group said it hoped to branch out and become a major party by appealing to Germans who favor Communism but reject Russian domination. The adopted slogan is “a union of all German Communists e jecting Soviet imperialism.” The West Berlin city govern ment will be asked to grant a license. The FKP would be modeled after the original Communist Party of the early 1920s in Ger many. The delegates adopted a red flag with the party initials. A semiweekly newspaper. Die Rote Fahne (the red flag), will be published. This was the name of the Com munist organ during the days of the Weimar Republic. a Tito Supporters Retort Defiantly To Soviet Threat Russia Is Declared Keeping Citizens in Yugoslavia as Spies By the Associated Press LONDON, Aug. 22.—The white hot war of words between Yugo slavia and Russia grew more in tense today as Marshal Tito's supporters hurled defiant coun tercharges at the Soviets. In answer to a Russian threat to take “effective measures” to protect Russian citizens in Yugo slavia, the Yugoslav Communist organ Borba accused the Soviets of using these citizens as spies. Borba. mouthpiece of Tito's government, said the Russian note was full of “vile language, insults and threats,” and was delivered in an insulting fashion. The Rus sian protest was delivered to a doorman at the Yugoslav Foreign Ministry at 5 a.m. ' Accused Of Double-Crossing. Yugoslavia also replied yester day to a Soviet note of August 11 which said Yugoslavia was an enemy of the Soviet Union. The Yugoslav reply to her erst while Cominform mentor accused Russia of a double-cross in drop ping her support of Yugoslav claims for Austrian territory. The feud between the Russians and Tito dates back to June, 1948. when the Yugoslav Reds were thrown out of the Cominform (Communist International In formation Bureau) for deviation from Moscow-type Marxism. The Yugoslavs were charged with anti Soviet nationalism. The split has widened percep tibly since Tito, subjected to an economic boycott by the Comin form nations, has made overtures to the West for money and sup plies Regime Compared to Franco’s. Russia, meanwhile, has used Tito’s attempts to get help from <he West as the basis for charges that Yugoslavia was aligning her self with Western "imperialists.” The most recent Russian note went even further and compared Tito's regime with that of Gen eralissimo Franco in Spain. Tito has steadfastly refused to knuckle under to the Kremlin and has publicly warned that his army is prepared to fight any invader. The latest Yugoslav retort to Moscow and the Borba editorial were made public here by Tan jug, the official Yugoslav news agency. The note said the Kremlin had sold out Yugoslav claims to Carinthia, a part of Southern Austria which has a large Slovene population, in order to get the Western powers to agree to Rus sian claims to German assets in Austria. Mistreatment Claimed. Saturday’s Russian note on claimed mistreatment of Soviet citizens in Yugoslavia said the Soviet citizens had been sub jected to “unlawful arrests and beatings” because they were friendly to the U. S. S. R. threat ened to "bring to account” per secutors of Soviet citizens. Borba said persons who honor Yugoslav laws are living in the country undisturbed. Some Russians in Yugoslavia, however, Borba said, “were in veigled for Soviet intelligence service against Socialistic Yugo slavia.” The Soviet note had charged Russian citizens were arrested for spreading the Cominform resolu tion denouncing Yugoslav Com (See TITOTPage A-3.) Reich Conservatives Spurn Socialist Co-operation, •y the Associated Frets RHOENDORF, Germany, Aug. 22.—Germany’s conservatives, vic torious in last week’s elections, will spurn any co-operation with socialism. Leaders of the first-place Christian Democrats said they were "obligated to abide” by the voters’ “clear indorsement of the free market economy as opposed to the Socialist planned economy.” The Social Democrats (Social ists), second in the voting, will be the main opposition party. The Christian Democrats, who lack a clear majority, probably will combine with *he right-wing Free Democrats to form a cabi net. Leaders of the party met here today at the home of their chief, Dr. Konrad Adenauer, probable chancellor (prfmier) of the new government, * fcpAW, LEAVER^ FALONE...SHE S (AINT BREAKING1 LANY LAW/J Pa* on! (?M:AWy I programs! French Troops Check Forest Fires as Death Toll Mounts to 78 Nation's Worst Disaster Since War Wipes Out Villages in Southwest By the Associated Press BORDEAUX, France, Aug. 22.— Raging forest fires have killed at least 78 persons in this southwest corner of France. The fires, worst disaster to strike France since the war, w'iped out whole villages in their sweep over an area about 20 miles wude and 30 miles deep. Early today the army said It had the blaze under control but that troops were still pouring tons of water on the hot, smouldering embers. As soon as the ruins cool, troops and civilian workers wil comb through the burned 100,000 acres in search of possible victims. Seventy-eight bodies already have been recovered. Soldiers Among Dead. The dead include both soldiers and civilian firefighters trapped ; by sudden shifts of wind and burned to death fighting the flames which roared through the great pine forests stretching from here to the Spanish frontier. ' Paul Ramadier, national defense minister, rushed here to command the firefighters. Paris firemen sped 340 miles from the capital to help combat tjje fires which followed a summer-long drought. In the village of Cestas 65 charred bodies were laid out in the town hall. Weeping families identified the victims and waited for more bodies to be brought in. One of the victims was Pierre Giraudeau: 44. Mayor of the vil lage of Saucats, 12 miles south of ! Bordeaux, who died trying to res J cue trapped soldiers. The disaster was believed to have been touched off by a fire In 2 a sawmill at Saucats. 4 Auriol Urges Aid for Victims. President Vincent Auriol, in Southern France on a vacation, called on all responsible agencies to aid the homeless. Newspapers compared the scene of the fleeing villagers to the 1940 flight from advancing German troops. They said the roads were jammed with families escaping with all their movable belong ings. , j Mr. Ramadier visited Cestas and the village of Marcheprime this morning. There are six bodies at Marcheprime and seven more at Bordeaux. One of the firefighters said the worst blow fell yesterday at Ces tas. “We lit a counterflre which was very successful. We rested a lit tle and even got a quick bite to eat. Suddenly the fire flared up again. It was terrible. "I’ve never seen anything like it. In an hour it had advanced a monstrous distance. It was like a spectacle out of hell as the fire advanced toward us. *It was in that whirlpool of fire that most of them died.”_ Late New? Bulletin McGrath Successor Named PROVIDENCE, R. I. UP).— Edward L. Leahy of Bristol today was named by Got. John O. Pas to re as interim Senator to replace J. Howard McGrath, who will be sworn in as Attor ney General Wednesday. Mr. Leahy’s appointment is effec tive at the close of Senate business tomorrow. A lawyer and tax expert, he said in a statement that he had no in tention of becoming a candi date for the seat in 1959. Got. Pastore has been discussed as a candidate for the seat next year. . I 'Ideal Fall Weather' | Expected lo Continue A preview of autumn with ideal fall weather was forecast by the Weather Bureau for the next two days after the temperature last night dipped to the lowest mark for the date since 1932. The mercury touched 61 degrees at 6:30 a.m., the same mark it fell to on August 22, 1932. The all time low record for the date is 51 degrees in 1923. A mixture of sunshine and clouds with a high temperature of about 80 was forecast for to day. The temperature will drop to about 65 tonight with some rain. Tomorrow' will be cloudy with the temperature about the same as today and some rain, the Weather Bureau said. Boycott Threatened Against Conference On Education Bill Steed May Take Walk'; NEA Charges Lisinski Seeks tto Delay Action By the Associated Press Threats of a boycott and de mands for action instead of talk exploded today around a congres sional round-table discussion of Federal aid to education. A freshman member of Con gress, Representative Steed, Dem ocrat. of Oklahoma, said he per sonally would touch off “plenty of fireworks.’’ He also talked of tak ing a walk on the forum set up by Chairman Lesmski of the House Education and Labor Com mittee. R. B. Marston, spokesman for the National Education Associa tion, said he would attend with misgivings. He viewed the round table as threatening delay rather than promising progress toward “suitable Federal aid legislation/’ The Lesinski Committee has sat, on aid to education legislation for weeks. A row has been raging in and out of Congress over whether; there should be any Government' help for Catholic and other non-' public schools in such matters as transportation, textbooks, health ( services, etc. Closed Door Meeting. Mr. Lesinski invited religious, educational and labor leaders to come in today to talk things over informally with committee mem bers “until some satisfactory un derstanding can be reached.” He said it would be a closed-door affair. With many legislators out of town, there was some question whether enough would show up to start the round table spinning. Several committee Democrats said in advance they would boy cott the sessions. Mr. Steed had intended to be among them. But he told a reporter he had decided to show up and “scream loud and long” tl^at the round table should be open to the public and press, and that it should be turned into a regular committee meeting that could do some busi ness Called Mere Gesture. Then he said he would walk out if the forum were held instead. "It doesn’t look too encourag ing.” he said. “This conference is nothing but a gesture trying to tak? off the spot the people who are to blame for blocking aid to education. That means McCor mack and Lesinski, primarily.” House Majority Leader McCor mack, a Catholic, has been work ing for some sort of help to church-supported schools. He has suggested Catholics might be satisfied if Congress passed a bill for school health programs in both public and non public schools but the school health bill has not cleared the House Commerce Committee which handles such matters. Mr. Marston, director of the (See EDUCATION,^age A-3.) South Carolina Likely To Regain Democratic Committee Standing Selection of Maybank May Bury Hatchet After Last Year's Defection By J. A. O'Leary South Carolina, one of the Southern States that bolted the Truman ticket on the State Rights issue last year, is likely to get back in good standing in the Demo cratic Party at the National Com mittee meeting this week, with Senator Maybank as its new Na tional Committeeman. Although a formal contest over South Carolina's seat on the com mittee may develop in the Creden tials Committee at the Mayflower Hotel tomorrow afternoon, promi nent South Carolina Democrats indicated here today they are hopeful of getting the State back in line under Senator Maybank. Ashton Williams, with whom the Democratic National Committee has been dealing in South Caro lina since the regular national committeeman. Gov. Thurmond, became the States Rights candi date for President last year, said here today he was one of those urging Senator Maybank to be come the new national commit teeman. Also supporting Senator May bank is former Gov. Ransome J. Williams. They admitted that another group in South Carolina is planning to send a rival con tender to oppose Senator May bank. but expressed confidence they would succeed in their har mony plans. The Credentials Committee also will have to decide tomorrow w’hat to do about representation from Mississippi and Louisiana, whose national committee members w'ere not invited to this gathering on the theory that they left the party b^ supporting the States Rights ticket. In the case of Alabama, the national committeeman resigned, but the committee has continued to co-operate with the national committeewoman, Mrs. Iennard Thomas. Voorhees and Alexander Assume New Defense Posts Tracy S. Voorhees became Un dersecretary of the ' Army and Archibald S. Alexander Assistant Secretary in a double ceremony at the Pentagon today. As Secretary of Defense John son handed Mr. Voorhees his com mission, he said the Undersecre tary will leave tomorrow for a visit to Japan. He will be in Tokyo for about two weeks for talks with Gen. MacArthur and other officials. It is understood that these dis cussions will deal with matters in1 the occupied areas. Mr. Voorhees will be accompanied by Dr. Ralph W. Reid and Capt. Edlowe Con nan of the Army Department. The two appointments complete Secretary of the Army Gray’s offi cial family"except ror one assistant secretaryship. That post is ex pected to be filled soon by Presi dent Truman. Karl Robin Ben detsen, San Frajicisco lawyer, is reported in line for the job. N. Y. Central to Call Back 2,600 From Furlough By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Aug. 22.—Approx imately 2,600 New York Central locomotive shop employes who have been on furlough since June 13 will be recalled to work Sep tember 6. the railroad announced today. Shops and number of employes affected are West Albany, N. Y., 907 workers; Collingwood, Ohio, 657; Beech Grove, Ind., 691; St. Thomas, Ontario, 200; Urbana, I1U 40, and the Elkhart (Ind.) foundry, 75. * B-36, A-Bomb Big Peace Aids, Spaatz Asserts Tells Probers Planes* Advantages Offset Any Risk of Failure By Chris Mathisen Gen. Carl Spaatz, former Air Force commander, today d^pcribed the atomic bomb and the B-36 bomber in the hands of the United States as "the greatest forces for peace in the world” as he went before a House committee to deny that political influence or favor itism played any part in the award of contracts for the aircraft. Gen. Spaatz said he decided in early 1947 to carry on a contract for 100 six-engined B-36 bombers, despite engineering difficulties be cause of the need for an aircraft capable of delivering the atomic bomb at intercontinental ranges. “I believed.” Gen. Spaatz told the House Armed Services Com mittee investigating the B-36 as well as Air Force strategy, “that the results to be obtained from possession of an intercontinental bomber were so enormous as to justify going ahead and talcing the chance of failure, just as was done in developing the atomic bomb which this plane is designed to deliver.” Sees Race With Soviet Gen. Spaatz also said nations of Western Europe must be built up militarily and economically be fore Russia obtains interconti nental bombers and atomic bombs. This is necessary, he explained, to remove them from the Soviet “list of push-over nations, focal points for sparking a war.” He also declared that a 48 group Air Force — the present limit—is insufficient and that a 70-group Air Force represents the minimum need. Vinson Pledges New Effort. When the question of the 70 group Air Force came up, Chair man Vinson of the committee said another effort will be made to get funds for such a force before Con gress adjourns. “We’ll have another shot at the bill, and we hope to get the need led $800,000,000,” Mr. Vmson commented. ; Representative Hardy, Demo crat, of Virginia, asked Gen. Spaatz whether it would be "safe to get a 70-group Air Force at the expense of the Navy.” “I know what I would do if 1 were a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,” Gen. Spaatz replied. “I would rather not answer that question here.” Gen. Spaatz testified as the committee resumed its inquiry into procurement of the B-36 after a 10-day recess during which a sub committee interviewed his prede cessor, Gen. Henry H. (Hap) Arnold, in California. In response to questions by Jo seph Keenan, special counsel for the committee, Gen. Spaatz de clared firmly that no influences other than the advice of chief deputies and his own judgment were responsible for his decision to pursue the B-36 contract. "Nothing was given any con sideration except the merits of the airplane and its position in the scheme of things in the Air Force,” Gen. Spaatz said. Other Generals Testify. Gen. Spaatz was followed to the stand by Gen. Muir S. Fairchild, Lt. Gen. Louis A. Craig and Gen. Joseph T. McNamey, members .of the Air Force Senior Officers* Board which recommended that the B-36 purchase program be continued and increased. All three declared the decisions were reached only after careful consideration of engineering and strategy factors. All denied that any favoritism was involved or that any outside influence was exerted over their independent judgment. When tlv hearing recessed until 10 a.m. tomorrow, Mr. Kee nan told reporters the next group of witnesses probably will include Secretary of Defense Johnson and I Floyd Odium, financier, whoso ! Atlas Corp. controls Consolidated Vultee. Mr, Keenan said Mr. Johnson (See B-36, Page A-3.) Plane With 20 Aboard Is Missing in Canada f By (hi Associated Press WINNIPEG, Manitoba, Aug. 22. — Three planes are searching Northern Manitoba for an am-1 phibious Canso aircraft missing \ since last night with 20 persons | aboard. Royal Canadian Air Force officials said today. Two Dakotas took off from Win nipeg and a third from Rivers, t Manitoba. The Canso left Churchill last night and last radioed the Hudson Bay port 90 minutes later. It was scheduled to land here at 10:10 pjn. Those aboard included a crew, ■ of six. seven Eskimos stricken with poliomyelitis who are ac companied by a nurse, a news paperman and a party of men from the Federal Bureau of Transport. RCAF officials said the plane possibly landed in or around ona of the numerous lakes in North ern Manitoba. Engine trouble or stormy weather was given as a possible explanation.