Newspaper Page Text
Preliminary Parleys !
On British Crisis Open Bitterly This Week ty th* Associated Press Preliminary American-British talks on Britain's economic crisis will open here this week in an atmosphere of bitterness and gloom. American officials said it wou'd require some notable feats of Statesmanship to prevent the conference from hurting instead of improving British-American relations. The conference will reach a climax early next month. Among other things, the Brit ish say they take a dim view of the appointment of Secretary of the Treasury Snyder to head up the American delegation for the main, second stage of the nego tiations which will open Sep tember 6 or 7. They say they would have preferred Secretary of State Acheson. State Department officials counter this criticism by saying that Mr. Acheson and British Foreign Minister Bevin will in fact probably hold the most im portant of the conversations — covering the whole range of Unit ed States-British relations — en tirely outside the economic nego „ tiations. The latter will be con ducted by Mr. Snyder and Brit ain’s Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir Stafford Cripps. Definite Results Doubted. To add to the confusion on this point, however, British officials here say that no preparations have been made for Acheson Bevin discussions paralleling the Cripps-Snyder negotiations. The British say they doubt that the meetings between the foreign sec retaries will be planned to pro duce definite results. Canada will be an interested third party at the talks. Meanwhile, lower level Ameri can and British negotiators will open the preliminary round be tween the two countries next Saturday. Undersecretary of State Webb has been named to head up the American group for this preparatory "exchange of views” as the diplomats call it. Actually, the preliminary talks will be highly important. They will disclose what specific proposals the British have in mind to deal with their dolar and gold shortages and what measures the United States also is considering. Viewpoints Wide Apart. It is in connection with these proposals, which have become known at least in a general way, that the bitterness surrounding preparations for the talks has been built up. It is also out of the nature of the proposals that the gloom has developed. American officials believe. the British negotiators are coming here with hands outstretched for another round of American help— not a loan comparable to that of 1946, nor a new kind of Marshall Plan, but rather some more indi rect measures. ' * " The British, on their part, evi dently expect to get little more than* advice out of their visit to Washington. Some of it they know will be hard to take, particularly the American Government idea that sooner or later the British pound will have to be devalued. According to advance reports, the British have in mind a number of drastic and dramatic proposals for action by the United States. Chief among these are the sugges tions that the American Govern ment should raise the price of gold from $35 to $45 an ounce (which would make Britain’s gold supply 'worth more), and that this coun try should establish a stabilization fund to maintain the value of the pound if the pound is devalued. Devaluation will be urged at some point by the American side of the talks. United States offi cials say, although the British dis pute it, that a pound worth less than $4.03 would instantly reduce the price of British goods in the American market and thereby in crease the sales. The British posi tion is that the first effect would be to raise the price of goods that Britain must buy. A warning to the American ne gotiators not to try to by-pass Congress was issued yesterday by Senator Wherry, .Reublican, of Nebraska, the Senate Republican floor leader. i Senator Wherry said in a state ment that Congress want Britain to be strong but will not approve steps taken at undue expense to United States taxpayers. He argued that "when Britain wins world markets through efficiency, quality and competitive prices her dollar shortages will disappear.” Senator Wherry said that friendship for the British people and a regard for self-interest en courage the hope that ways will be found to get Britain on her feel so that she can go it alone. * "But prudence dictates,” he added, "that the United 8tates remain strong if it is to be an anchor for world peace.” He declared something better than the “give-away shows of the past is needed now in the interest of British recovery and mainte nance of the prosperity and se curity of the United States." Britain Thwarts Smuggling Of Nylons in Food Parcels By th« Aueciated Fr«u LONDON, Aug. 22.—The British customs office said today it has broken up a racket under which smugglers, using food parcels as a blind, have sent more than 10, 000 pairs of nylon stockings from New York to Britain. Nylon stbckings bring three to four times their American value on the British black market. Im ' ports of such materials are rigor ously controlled, and a high lux ury tax adds to the price. The customs office said the ny lons were packed into parcels labeled as matzos, the unleavened wafers eaten by Jews at Passover. Text of Truman s Address to VFW By th# A»»ociot#d Pr»»» MIAMI, Fla., Aug. 22.—Fol lowing is the text of President Truman’s address today at the golden jubilee convention of the Veterans of Foreign Wars: Mr. Commander-in-Chief, dis tinguished guests, fellow members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars: I am happy to be In Miami today to help celebrate the golden jubilee anniversary of our organization. I amt proud to be a member of the oldest active veterans’ organization in the Natiop. For 50 years the VFW has been serving not only the in terests of tfie men who have fought for our country in foreign lands, but also the interests of our whole Na tion. I have watched the splendid hu manitarian work which our organi zation carries on. I have also been gratified by the record of VFW in other fields, and particularly in the field of international policy. I re call the United Nations rally in 1942, at our 43d national encamp ment in Cincinnati, to which 14 Allied nations sent representatives. I remember the victory conference in 1945 at our Chicago encampment, where representatives from 21 Allied nations met to discuss the value of co-operation in war and the im portance of continuing international co-operation in time of peace. The VFW has continued this fine record by its strong support of the North Atlantic Treaty. I am particularly pleased that you have asked me to be here on the day the VFW is honoring distin guished representatives from other countries which have Joined in the North Atlantic Treaty. The presence of veterans from most of the treaty countries, meeting with our own vet erans, is deeply symbolic of the spirit that binds together the free nations of the world. Adjustment Difficult. All the countries that signed the treaty have learned the tragic coat of war. All of us have learned how weakness invited aggression — how democratic countries, unless they stand together, can be taken over one by one. And now, all of us are determined that, by joint efforts and a common defense, we shall be come strong enough to prevent an other terrible conflict. Pour years ago, when the war ended, the world entered a new phase of human history. There were many who believed that the world would quickly return to its old ways. Many believed that the countries of the world would work their way, peacefully and in co-operation, back to conditions of stability and pros perity. But the effects of this last war were too far-reaching to permit such an easy adjustment. The de struction had been too great to allow a quick recovery. The accu mulated wealth of generations had been poured out and lost in the conflict. Conditions of world trade had been fundamentally altered. As a result of the upheaval, many peoples demanded new rights and new responsibilities. Men who h~d lived for centuries in econc servitude asked for independence and a fair share of the good things ortiffe.” * *'« The'war against tyranny* was-sus tained by belief In the Pour Wee doms. Men refused to yield to dic tatorship because they desired and believed they could secure condi tions of material and spiritual freedom. When the war ended. they demanded >t® 'toe- treated a» Tree men. They demanded a world in,which they could attain se curity and liberty. This demand cannot be suppress ed. It must not be frustrated. It presents a challenge to us and to the values of our civilization which will require all our energies and wisdom to satisfy. One pretended answer to this de mand of mankind is offered by or ganized Communism. But that answer is a false one. Communism claims to satisfy the universal de sire for a better life. But, in fact, it lures men by false promises back to tryanny and slavery—and more and more people, all over the world, are learning that fact. Alternative to Communism. The free nations of the world offer a different answer to the de mand of mankind for security and liberty. Our answer is based upon voluntary association among free nations, mutual adjustment of our common problems, and combined economic effort. We are convinced that through these means the world can achieve economic progress and at the same time maintain and ex pand democratic freedoms. We are convinced that our answer will pre vail. The people of the United States have been meeting this challenge. In four short years they have done more in the cause of world peace and world recovery than any nation has ever before been called upon to do. We are not alone in this effort. Many paeons which share our democratic values and our tradi tions are working with us. With out these Allies in the cause ot peace, our task would be hopeless. We can win a permanent peace only through the joint efforts of Lane Sets Ocf., '51, To Complete Bridge iy Associated Press ANNAPOLIS, Md„ Aug. 22.— Gkiv. Lane has set October 26, 1951. as the deadline for completion of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. The Governor set the date over the week end at a reception held here in connection with the an nual inspection of Maryland's Tidewater Fisheries Department enforcement fleet. He announced at the same time that a clause in one of the con tracts would reduce the $41,000,000 estimated cost of the bridge by $733,000. Gov. Lane bet Gov. Carvel of Delaware that the Chesapeake bridge would be finished before a proposed crossing over the Delaware River. Gov. Carvel said he expected the Delaware span to be completed by July 1, 1951. The Delaware chief executive joined Gov. Lane here for the in spection and social events con nected with it Then both Gov ernors journeyed down Chesa peake Bay for a visit with Gov. Tuck of Virginia. Both Govs. Carvel and Lane declared themselves in favor of a proposed deepening of the Chesapeake-Delaware Canal to 32 feet The passage between Chesa peake Bay an dthe Delaware River is 27 feetapow. free nations striving toward the same objectives. To achieve a better world we must prevent international violence. Un less protection against war can be secured, all efforts for the ad vancement of mankind will fail. One of the most important aspects of our foreign policy, therefore, is our effort to establish international order. To this end, we have joined with other nations in creating a world organization which would outlaw aggression and establish a means of settling international order. The principles of the United Na tions are still our goal. We have undertaken to defend and preserve them. We will keep that pledge. Action Necessary. Shortly after the end of the war. however, it became apparent that the United Nations could not live up to all our hopes for it until all nations were united in the desire for peace. It became necessary, therefore, for the free countries to take action to defend the principles of that organization and to preserve it. By an overwhelming bipartisan vote, the Congress approved my rec ommendation early in 1947 that the United States help Greece and Turkey resist Communist pressures. Our prompt action preserved the Integrity of both countries. By an equally overwhelming vote in 1948 the Congress approved our joint enterprise with 16 European nations to achieve economic recov ery. The European Recovery Pro gram has prevented general collapse in Europe, and has given hope to all countries who want to see the world resume the course of economic prog rc&s. While we are working with our friends in Europe, we are also work ing with our friends and neighbors in this hemisphere. The pact of Rio de Janeiro, signed in September, 1947, binds the nations of North and South America together in a de fensive alliance. The United States and 11 other nations have now joined in the North Atlantic Treaty. Like the Rio pact, this is a pledge of mutual as sistance by nations which are de termined to protect their independ ence. It is based on the principle that an armed attack on c" mem ber nations is an attac’ alL The next task is to : tills principle with military e to European nations, ' yrtain other nations, whici. . -blc to build up their defenses without out side help. Three Forms of Aid Urged. I have recommended to the Con gress that the United States supply three kinds of military assistance to friendly democratic nations In need of our help. First, we should help them in crease their own military produc tion. Second, we should transfer to them some essential items of mili tary equipment. Third, we should send some of our experts abroad to help train and equip their military forces. Some people who do not under stand the state of the world very well have tried to make the military; assistance program seem a difficult and confused Issue,Q&CBfcgiong trary, it is very simpler—-- * The purpose of the military as sistance program is to prevent ag gression. Our European partners in the North Atlantic Treaty, are not strong enough today to def^pfl- themselves effectively. Since tWe end of the war they have been concentrating on re building their war-torn economies. We can strengthen them, and our selves, by transferring some military means to them, and by joining with them in a common defense plan. The military assistance program is based on the same principle of self help and mutual aid that is the cornerstone of the European Recov ery Program and the North Atlantic Treaty. Aim Is to Avoid War. We are not arming ourselves and our friends to start a fight with any body. We are buildhig defenses so that we won’t have to fight. Our aid will be limited to the ma terial necessary to equip mobile de fense forces. These fprces will con stitute no threat to the independ ence of other nations. The demo cratic nations have no desire for aggression; they only want to be able to defend their homes. Most of our assistance under this program will go to Atlantic Treaty countries, but we will also help cer tain other nations whose security is important to world peace. We must continue our aid to Greece and Turkey. We should help Iran main tain its firm stand against Soviet pressure. And, in the Far East, two young republics — the Philippines and Korea—need military assist ance if they are to maintain their national security. If it were possible, we would pre fer that these bulwarks against ag gression be established by the Unit ed Nations. We hope the peace of the world will some day be enforced by security forces under the control and direction of the United Na tions. We have been working for that. But the Soviet Union has blocked every effort to establish an effective international police force and to free the world from the fear of ag gression. For that reason, we have had to join other friendly nations in forming regional defense pacts. The United Nations Charier was | Jhqh'Reillua f / I | MASTER I PAINTERS 1M% Pare OUTSIDE WHITE | and STANDARD COLORS | I HOUSE | | PAINT ( ^ Mad* by Bruning Brother* § 19»l- $,£.35- I can 5£*2T” J EXCLUSIVE DEALER | I HUGH REILLYeo‘ wisely drawn to permit these re gional defense pacts and other col lective security arrangements which are consistent with the great prin ciples of the Charter. The military assistance program will help the United Nations to co-operate more effectively by increasing the collec tive as well as the individual ability of free countries to ‘resist aggres sion. Military, Economic Policies Linked. The Military Assistance Program and the European Recovery Pro gram are part and parcel of the same policy. There is the closest relationship between economic re covery and diilltary defense. On the one hand, economic recovery will lag if the haunting fear of military aggression is widespread. Such fear will prevent new invest ments from being made and new industries from being established. On the other hand, if protection against aggression is assured, eco nomic recovery will move forward more rapidly. Sound economic re covery and adequate military de fense must be carried forward together in balance. That is exactly what, we propose to do. Great progress has been made in economic recovery in Europe. The production of the Western nations of Europe has been rising steadily. To continue the momentum of this economic advance it is necessary now to remove the obstacles created by the fear of military aggression. We should therefore undertake a program of military assistance without delay. The cost of such a program is considerable, but it represents an investment in secur ity that will be worth many times its cost. It is part of the price of peace. Peace with freedom ana justice cannot be bought cheaply. No single program can bring It about, nor can any single nation It can only be assured by the combined efforts of the multitudes of people throughout the world who want a secure peace. Thev are our friends and they are friends worth having We must keep them our friends if the world is to be a decent place for our children and their children to live in. We must face the fact tnatj we have forever put behind us the ! false security of isolationism. We i have done so because we have learned—learned the hard way— that, in the world of today, isola tionism is a futile and vulnerable shield. We have learned that the defense of the United States and the defense of other freedom-loving na tions are indivisible. We have learned that we can serve our coun try best by joining in the common defense df the rights of all man kind. The Congress of the United States in noble words has set out certain purposes of the Veterans of For eign Wars. Our organisation is pledged: "To maintain true allegiance to the Government of the United States of America, and fidelity to its Constitution and laws; to foster true patriotism; to maintain and extend the institutions of Ameri can freedom; to preserve and de fend the United States, (jrpm all | her enenfites.“-" ' * • ° ‘ ' " In the fulfillment of these high purposes, I enlist your support to the end that we may persevere in the ways of peace with the same vigor and determination with which we fought our, country's wars. % * * SEE IT! It's sensational! New Bendix Icosomat—agitator type—ie tint automatic washer every family can afford I ECONOMAT Give* you exclusive “Undertow" washing action, “Floataway" drain ing, gentle “Squeexe-drying" I AUTOMATIC «•> A single twist of a single dial—that's all I Washes, power rinses, squeeze* drys by vacuum pressure 1 WASHER features the exclusive flexible "Wondertub"—the tub that elimi nates many expensive parts— 5-year written guarantee! ONLY $17995! Includes normal installation. No bolting down. Ideal for apartments, renters. See it today! Mid* Atlaatie Appliances Exclusrvt Distributers 2046 Wert Virginia Av«., N.E. FRanklin S340 Ching Requests Talks In U. S. on Settling Of Hawaiian Strike By th« AtMciotod Prill The Government today asked representatives of opposing sides in the 114-day-old Hawaiian dqck strike to come to Washington or New York for mediation talks. Cyrus S. Ching, director of the United States Conciliation Serv ice. cabled the striking union and Hawaiian stevedoring negotiating committee in Honolulu that he would “be happy” to meet^with them in either city. Mr. Ching said the pressure of other labor disputes make it im possible for him to go to Hawaii now as union and management negotiators had asked. He also asked participants In the negotiations to make a new try at settling the dispute on their own in Hawaii. He said if they are again unsuccessful at reach ing an agreement they could come to the States and meet with him and other Government mediators any time they choose. The strike has seriously crippled the economy of Hawaii. It has brought export of vast quantities of sugar, pineapples and other island products to a standstill. Also import of vital food stocks has been stalled. The strike involves the CIO International Longshoremen’s and Warehousemen's union and seven stevedoring firms. The walkout began May 1. The strikers are demanding a 32-cent raise in their $1.40-an hour wage. The stevedoring com panies have expressed willingness to go as high as a 14-cent hourly increase. Mr. Ching’s cablegram today was in answer to an appeal from Hawaiian officials, and from the union and management to go to Honolulu to help out In the crisis, j Truman -(Continued From First Page.) and our friends to start a fight with anybody," the President said. "We are building our de fenses so that we won’t have t& fight.” The President blamed Russian tactics in the United Nations and elsewhere for the need to arm friendly nations “to resist aggres sion.” Russia, the President declared, "has blocked every effort to estab lish an effective international po lice force and to free the world from fear of aggression.” „ "For that reason,” he went on, “we have to join other friendly nations in forming regional de fense pacts.” Efforts of Senate leaders to re store the $580,495,000 the House slashed last week from the $1, 160,990,000 set aside for Western Europe in the arms proposal were underway in Washington. They faced opposition from a deter mined economy bloc and others who urged against voting the full sum until they are satisfied the nations to be helped will work together. Calls Beds’ Claims False. The President condemned com munism'for its “false” claim that it satisfies '“the universal desire for a better life.” * Instead, he said, it “lures men by false promises back to tyranny and slavery.” The President made no refer ence to the plight of Communist controlled China. A new Ameri can policy concerning that coun try is in course of study at the State Department. But, he said, the Philippines iand Korea, the two young repub* lies in the Far East, “need mili tary assistance if they are to maintain their national security.” While most of the aid sought in the arms program would go to the Atlantic Treaty countries, he said the Philippines and Korea will share like others “whose se curity is important to world peace.” "We must continue our aid to Oreece and Turkey,” Mr. Truman said. "We should help Iran maintain its firm stand against Soviet pressure." Mr. Truman said military aid is “part and parcel” of the policy of helping European economic re covery. He conceded it was costly, but said "it represents an invest ment in security that will be worth many times its cost.” And he said it is “part of the cost of peace." Unless the democracies stand together to weld a defense struc ture strong enough to prevent another conflict, he said, they can be taken over "one by one.” Contrasting United States’ ef forts to aid other countries with those of Russia, the President cited American support of the United Nations, and its aid to Oreece and Turkey in 1947 which "preserved the integrity of both countries.” He said the Marshall Plan re covery program prevented general collapse in Europe. The President applauded the signing of the pact of Rio de Janeiro binding North and South America together in a defense alliance and compared this with the North Atlantic defense pact. “The next task,” he said, “is to back up this principle with mils tary assistance to European na tions. and to certain other nations, which are unable to build up their defenses without outside help.” Aid in Three Forms. He said the help would be ex tended in three forms (1) by aid to these nations in increasing military production, <;s) by trans ferring to them essential military equipment and <3) by sending ex perts to help train and equip theii military forces. The President praised the VFW for its contributions to interna tional policy, including its sup port of the North Atlantic treaty. He spoke of his pleasure that the VFW honored today representa tives from other Atlantic Pact countries. Without America's allies in the cause of peace. Mr. Truman said, "our task would be hopeless." He said the United Nations principles must be supported by regional action until all nations "are united in the desire for peace." He said. too. that economic re covery will lag "if the haunting fear of military aggression is widespread.” Says Production Rises. Such fear, he continued, will prevent pew investments from being made and new industries from being established. "On the other hand, if protec tion against aggression is assured, economic recovery will move for ward more rapidly,” the Presi dent asserted He spoke of steadily rising production in Western Europe and said that to continue its momen tum "the obstacles created by the fear of military aggression” must be removed. “We have learned that the de fense of the United States and the defense of other freedom loving nations are indivisible.” Mr. Truman went on. “We have learned that we can serve our country best by joining in the common defense of the rights of all mankind.” Beside Gen. Vaughan, the Pres ident’s party included Presidential Secretaries Charles G. Ross and Matthew J. Connelly, Rear Ad miral Robert L. Dennison, naval aide, and Brig. Gen. Robert B. Landry, Air Force aide, and Brig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, presi dential physician. Former Bicycle Champion Critically III in Boston i 1/ tht Aisociattd Pr»»« BOSTON, Aug. 22.—Bobby Walthour, 71, once world-famous bicycle racing champion, today was waging what doctors feared might be his. last race—with death. Doctors at Boston City Hospi tal, where Mr. Walthour is a pa tient with pneumonia, placed his name on the danger list and would only say today, “He is a very sick man.” In the early years of this cen tury, the Georgia-born athlete, grandson of a Civil War general, held simultaneously American, European and world bicycle racing championships. Born in 1878 in Walthourville, Ga., named for his grandfather, Gen. William Lownes Walthour, Bobby began bicycling as a small j boy. ANNOUNCING the new Hearing Bridge NO BULKY MECHANISM IN THE EAR You can hear without revealing your hearing troubles, and you don’t have to wear your hair long now to con ceal your ear mold and receiver. The new patented Hear Bridge lets you hear secretly and softly. Wash ington Hearing Clinic, 319 Colorado Building, 14th and O Sts. N.W. NA. 9729. VACOLITE OF WASH, i STORAGE AND ATTORNEY'S SALE OF USED AND NEW FURNITURE REFRIGERATORS—PIANOS—RUGS—MIRRORS—LAMPS NEW RADIO COMBINATIONS AND ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES By order Henry H. Bryiawski, Attorney; Fidelity Storage Company: Man hattan Storage A Transfer Co.; War Activity Organization and other Consignor,. ggy AUCTION at WESCHLER'S 905 E ST. N. W. TOMORROW j Commencing 9:30 A.M. Continuing Until Mid-Afternoon New farnUere and furniahlngs Include: mahogany corner cabinet, ere- • denial, commodes and high grade bedroom croup; new liring room -j groups, sectional solas, lounge chairs, tables, dining group and suntan lounges. Domestic and oriental rugsi electric, gas and ice refrigerators; twin and double beds, coil and boa springs, sterilized and new Inner spring and felt mattresses, mahogany secretary, trunks, ntllily and kitchen cabinets; dining, dinette, breakfast, liring and bedroom groups; lamps, stndle and sofa beds. A. B. C. O’Matie washer, recreation room bar, etc. Also of 1 P.M. Bv Order Attorney New radle combinations. Dormeyer mixer, clocks, lamps, heaters, tan, sunlamps. Iron, hotplates, roasterette, etc. ' % • .1 Today speed is essential—in transportation, in communication and in reaching business decisions. * - * The Union Trust Company is fully aware that time wasted can mean the loss of dollars * to you. You will find a minimum of red tape at this bank. While you are assured of careful attention to your business problems, you also get quick decisions and prompt service here. If you seek money for any sound business purpose you’re likely to get it at the Union Trust. Our favorite word is “Yes.” What’s more, you’ll like the completeness of our facilities—from Trust Department to corre spondent banks in principal cities. And you’ll find our senior officers always available in situations where they can be directly helpful to you. You are invited to bring your business problems to either of our offices today for quick solutions. Or simply call Executive 4400. We’d welcome the opportunity to call on you to tell you in detail how we help our commercial depositors. Union Trust Gombany or the District or Columbia. 15th & H Streets, N.,W. 14th & G Streets, N. W. Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation “Tb* Symbol of friendly Bonking"