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VA Sets New Barriers
To Aimless Use oi 61 Benefits for Education •y tfi* Auecwtad Frau The Veterans’ Administration aet up a new barrier today against aimless use of GI Bill education benefits. .Veterans’ Administrator Gray, ruled that veterans who have completed or discontinued courses of training, and now wish to re sume it. must prove that the new course Is not avocatlonal or recrea tional, and is essential to the em ployment objective. Veterans’ Administration ap propiation acts for 1949 and 1950 prohibit the agency from spending any money for courses which the administrator determines to be recreational or avocatlonal. Approval Must Be Given. Mr. Gray said no payments for tuition, books, subsistence or other purposes will be made for any period before VA approval is granted. More than 4,500.000 World War XI veterans who have taken GI Bill training at one time or an other, he said, are not presently in school. Several hundred thousands of these have temporarily interrupt ed their courses for summer vaca tions or other valid reasons. They are not affected by the new regu lation, as far as resuming courses for the fall semester is concerned. Mr. Gray added mail-order schools and part-time courses “that lead to no definite educa tional goal” to the list of courses that require justification before a veteran may enroll in them under the GI bill. Applications of Rulings. The same ruling for the past year has applied to: 1. Courses in dancing, photog raphy, glider-operation, bartend ing, personality development, en tertainment, flying and other courses that are frequently used for avocatlonal or recreational purposes. 2. Courses in music, public ■peaking, sports and athletics, ex cept those regularly offered by colleges for credit as an Integral part of a course. 2. All single-subject courses not part of a general educational or training program leading to a definite objective. Mr. Gray also has placed on this “must-be-Justifled-flrst” list any vocational course offered by a school established after passage of the GI bill June 22, 1944. Coal (Continued From First Page.) vised them that operators had "dishonored” an agreement on welfare royalties. He contended that was not a strike call, but the courts disagreed. Van Horn Resigns. The trustees’ meeting yesterday was followed by the sudden resig nation of the operators’ trustee, Kara Van Horn. He wrote coal owners he wanted to step out light away. In fact, he warned that if they don’t name a suc cessor promptly he will go to court to force them to do so. Trustees for the separate anthracite, or hard coal, welfare fund also suspended payments in definitely, thereby insuring that all UMW miners and their families would do without them for the time being. This may lead to a walkout next week of the 80,000 hard coal miners too. A UMW district president in Hazleton, Pa., reported a “grow ing sentiment” that hard coal miners will “not work until the fund question is settled.” Independent Union Paying. About the only union miners reasonably certain to stay on the Job were the 15,000 members of the independent progressive Mine Workers Union. John W. Marchi ando, head of that union, said the union’s welfare fund has plenty cf money and is continuing its payments. As for the UMW, the latest figures Mr. Lewis’ aides have re leased show that in the year ended last July 1, a total of about 750, 000 miners, members of their families, and widows of miners, obtained benefits from the soft coal welfare fund. The sum expended for the year was $104,880,785. About 24,000 miners aged 60 or more have been drawing $100 monthly pensions. The fund had been running out of monly even before some coal owners, particulary those in the 8o>uth, began refusing to continue rolayties. The cost of the fund’s benefits was simply outdistancing Its revenues. Suspension Urged by Bridges. Senator Bridges, Republican, of New Hampshire a trustee along with Mr. Van Horn and Mr. Lewis, told newsmen the soft coal wel fare fund had dwindled from $30,000,000 on July 1 to $14,000, 000 on September 1. It’s probably •ven lower now. Senator Bridges also said that he sponsored the move to suspend benefit payments immediately. He was reported to have argued that It was only a matter of time before St would have to be done anyway and action had best be taken while the fund was solvent. Mr. Lewis reportedly wanted the trustees to vote the suspension as of some future date. He finally went along with Senator Bridges’ motion. Mr. Van Horn was re ported as the only one voting ,against discontinuing the benefits. The trustees also voted to segre gate and not spend the royalty money seme operators are continu ing to pay without obligation in anticipation of new contracts. Senator Bridges and Mr. Van Horn agreed to and the $35,00(1 annual allowances they had been drawing as trustees. Mr. Lewis had never drawn an allowance. Tax Reserve Set Aside. It was also voted (a) to set aside a reserve against possible tax liability and (b) to keep the Woman Allergic to Husband She Loves Granted Annulment Broke Out in Rash From Head t9 Toe While With Him •y th« Attociattd Pr«i LOS ANGELES, Sept. 17.—Love conquers all but allergy. That is the story of Mrs. Joyce G. Holdridge, 27, who had to give up the husband she loved because, actually, she couldn’t stand him. Her two-year marriage to Nolan H. Holdridge, 26, San Francisco watchmaker, was annulled yester day after she testified: "I spent most of my time in hospitals. My condition was finally diagnosed as neuroder matitis due to my being allergic to my husband. I was told that there was no cure as long as I continued associating with my husband. "Whenever I was with him, I would break out in a rash from head to toe. This would clear up 24 hours after I left him.* • *. But it would recur even at the men tion of his name." She had absolutely no com plaint about her husband s con duct. i The court, which earlier had denied her a divorce decree be cause she could not prove “cruelty" within the meaning of the law, commended Mrs. Hol welfare fund’s staff Intact, for the time being anyway. Mr. Van Horn, a long-time representative of the coal oper ators, was reported about ready to retire from the busines en tirely. He returned to Cleveland, where he refused to comment on his quitting. A big. hulking man. Mr. Van Horn for years had battled Mr. Lewis as a leading negotiator for mine owners. Until he became a trustee he served as chairman of joint operator-union wage talks. The tone of his letter of resig nation strongly indicated that he is at odds now with the operators. It was dated September 14—indi cating that yesterday’s trustee meeting had nothing to do with his decision to step out. Arkansas Decision Is Blow. "It is my intention," Mr. Van Horn wrote, "to resign as prompt ly as possible regardless of wheth er or not you designate a succes sor. , “To that end I intend, if a suc cessor is not appointed in a rea sonable time, to take appropriate court action In order to have my trusteeship terminated and a suc cessor appointed." On top of all this turmoil in the coal picture, Mr. Lewis had an other worry. This was the effect of a Federal court decision at Fort Smith, Ark. The court ruled that contracts re quiring all miners to be union members are illegal in States hav ing laws barring such require ments. Such 8tates, besides Ar kansas include Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Alabama and Iowa. Steel (Continued From First Page.) they had been sparring at long distance “by telegraph message” for almost a week on how to treat the findings of President Truman’s steel iact-finding board. The argument, Mr. Ching said, seems to spring “not from irrecon ‘ cilable fundamental differences in views, but from the meaning of words." Wants to Reach Formula. Declaring that a work stoppage in steel would be disastrous, Mr. Ching said: “I want to afford the parties every reasonable opportunity to come to a meeting of minds and to eliminate their misunderstand ings" His aim, the Federal conciliator added, is to arrive at a “general formula” which can serve as a base for practical decisions by the industry and the steel workers’ union. President Truman had persuad ed the union and the steel com panies to agree to an 11-day truce to study the recommendations of his fact-finding board issued last Saturday. Welfare “Package” Proposed. The President’s board recom mended against the wage increase demanded by the union, but counseled adoption of a pension insurance “package” paid for by the companies which would raise the operating costs of most steel makers by 10 cents an hour for each employe. The union, headed by Philip Murray, who also is president of CIO itself, expressed its willing ness to accept the 10-cent package of fringe benefits. The steel in dustry, however, has balked at agreeing to paying the full cost of the pension-insurance program and wishes to negotiate further on this point. Fundamentally the split is over whether renewal of contract talks shall be based on actual accept ance of the board’s findings, or on mere adoption of the findings as the takeoff point for unre stricted negotiations. Argue for Acceptance. The steelworkers argue for full acceptance of the board’s theories. No steel company has said it will accept the pension-insurance pro gram to be financed entirely by the industry. Mr. Ching said in his statement , that it is his duty “to determine , what is obstructing the collective , bargaining which should avert a i disastrous stoppage of work and operations in this important in : dustry.” . His invitation went out to all firms locked in the dispute with ! the CIO Steel Workers’ Union. ’ Mr. Ching was asked if this indicated he intended working out a single agreement with the ’ industry and union. “I don’t intend to meet with i every indl^duai company because MRS. JOYCE HOLDRIDGE, Granted annulment. —AP Wirephoto. dridge's refusal to "trump up charges.” In granting the annulment, Su perior Judge Ray Brockmann said: "Courts may be forced to recognize what medical science has discovered—that such aller gies as Mrs. Holdridge complains of are a fact and not a caprice.” Mrs. Holdridge showed no sign of her allergy in court. Her husband had remained 400 miles away in San Francisco. time does not permit," Mr. Ching replied. He said what he hopes to do is arrive at a “general formula” which the various steel companies may then be able to wofk out with the union. Hoped for Bargaining. Mr. Ching said he had expected both sides would get into col lective bargaining after the board report came out, without his hav ing to enter the case. Mr. Ching said that the en suing "debate by telegraph as to the appropriate terms and condi tions under which bargaining should take place” made it neces sary for him to step in. "Whatever may be the reasons for the current misunderstand ing,” Mr. Ching said, “it is de plorable that it has arisen.” None of the steel firms have flatly refused to accept the fact finders report. All havq said they are willing to negotiate if not committed in advance to paying the full cost of pensions and in surance. The companies seek a plan in which the workers as well as the employers will share the cost. United States Steel has said it will pay up to 4 cents an hour. Inland Steel of Chicago has of fered a plan which it says would cost the company 10 cents an hour —but it demands employe par ticipation. It is this fundamental difference of opinion that Mr. Ching must overcome in conferences starting Monday. Most of the major steel com panies already have told Mr. Mur ray how they feel. Life yqferday Republic Steel Corp. wired Mr. Mufray it would not accept the Fact-Finding Board recommenda tions as a prerequisite to resum ing bargaining. "We have grave doubts regard ing soundness board’s recom mendation,” the telegram said, “including the recommendation social insurance and pension should be financed solely by the employer.” Republic said it was ready to resume bargaining but that it be lieved an insurance program should be financed jointly, with the company chipping in up to 4 cents an hour. Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co., through its president, Frank Pur nell, wired: “We have advised your repre sentative- of our willingness to start immediately with collective bargaining on the question of so cial insurance with obligations by the company of participating sub stantially in a contributory plan to cover the cost.” Mr. Purnell added that Young stown also was willing to study a pension plan. 'Fed Up With Barbed Wire/ Reich Red Chief's Son Says By th« Associated Press AHLEN, Germany, Sept. 17.— Joseph Reimann, 23, son of West Germany’s Communist leader, who fled the Soviet zone, says he did it because “my opinion about freedom is different” from his father’s. “I’m fed up with uniforms and barbed wire,” said young Rei mann, who had served as a mem ber of the Soviet-supported Volks polizei (people’s police) after his release as a Russian war prisoner. ‘Fed Up With Barbed Wire.’ At Duesseldorf, his father. Max Reimann assailed those who made political capital of his son’s flight. “It is well known,” he said, “that I had no influence in the education of my son during the time of Hitler’s regime. The last time I saw him he was three years old.” Reimann asserted that his son was imprisoned by the Nazis and “became the subject of Nazi edu cation with all its militaristic and nationalistic tendencies.” A British statement on Rei mann’s escape quoted him as say ing, VI wanted to escape from the terror in the East zone, and es pecially from the East Zone 1 police.” Australia has ordered its first prefabricated school to be sent from England. Mrs. Melissa Porter, Mother of Minister, Dies at Son's Home Mrs. Melissa B. Porter. 75, mother of the Rev. Harry V. Porter, pastor of the Westminster Memorial Presbyterian Church, 434 Seventh street S.W., died yes terday at the home of her son, 817 C street S.W., after a long illness. Mrs. Porter, who was known to her friends as Mela, was born in Pittsburgh. A graduate of Penn sylvania College for Women in Pittsburgh, she did graduate work at Bryn Mawr College. She had been active in Red Cross activities in Pittsburgh and social welfare work since coming here in 1840. Her husband, the late Charles P. Porter, at one time was a Govern ment engineer with the Ohio Val ley Authority. Mrs. Porter was a member of the Westminster Memorial Church and the Colloquinn Club, a social organization in Pitts burgh. * Mrs. Porter is survived by two other sons, Charles A., Pitts burgh, and George C. Porter, Summit, N. J.; a daughter, Mrs. Edna Lipscomb, Lexington, Ky.; eight grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Funeral services will be held at 5 p.m. tomorrow at the Lee fu neral home. Fourth street and Massachusetts avenue N.E. Bur tal will be private. Dr. Hillman Hollister, pastor of the Chevy Chase Presbyterian Church, will conduct the services. Funeral of Lf. N. J. Wirth To Be Held on Tuesday Funeral services for Lt. Norman James Wirth, 31, Naval dental officer, will be held at 9 a.m. Tuesday in Fort Myer Chapel. Burial will be in Arlington Ceme tery. Lt. Wirth died Thursday in Bethesda Naval Hospital. He was found unconscious Tuesday morn ing in his home, 2230 Washington avenue. Silver Spring, by his wife, Mrs. Margaret Pickett Wirth. Montgomery County Coroner F. J. Broschart is investigating the case. Born in Peoria, HI., Lt. Wirth attended Wright Junior College in Chicago and was a graduate of Northwestern University Dental School. He taught dentistry there a year after his graduation. Lt. Wirth then entered the Navy and served in the 8outh Pacific during the War. He was taking postgraduate work in dentistry at the Bethesda Naval Hospital at the time of his death. In addition to his widow, he is survived by his father. Dr. Henry John Wirth, a Chicago dentist; two brothers and a sister. Professor Describes His Fight With Nurse ly th# Anociatsd Prut COLUMBIA. S. C.. Sept. 17.—A meek-looking little professor, who says the nurse he loved two-timed him, was ready to tell a jury more about their “intimate’' relation ship today. He was scheduled to return to the stand in the fourth day of his trial on charges of burglary with intent to murder Ann B. Pierce, 35, who was brutally pistol whipped. Russell B. Maxey testified yes terday that he heard Miss Pierce tell another man: “Honey, I wish you were lying here beside me again,” and call him an unprint able name. She didn’t know he was listen ing, the University of South Caro lina engineering teacher declared, because he was lying on the floor beside her bed as she talked on the telephone to Dr. John Harvin. Dr. Harvin is a young baby spe cialist who says he dated the buxom brunette two or three times before August 3. That is the date she claims Maxey beat her on the head with a pistol. Maxey, who gave his age as "approximately 40,” insisted that he was “ready and willing to marry” Miss Pierce up to the min ute he heard her talk to Dr. Harvin. He said he had been giving her money to make payments on her home, and sometimes he spent the night there with her. “I thought in the eyes of God we were man and wife,” he de clared. Maxey was separated from his wife at the time. Mrs. Maxey has sat by his side throughout the trial, however. Gunderson Appointed Glenn Martin Director •y fht Associated Press BALTIMORE, Sept. .17.—Har vey J. Gunderson, a director of the Reconstruction Finance Corp., yesterday was named a director of the Glenn L. Martin Co. The big Baltimore company Is a heavy borrower from the RFC. Many of the negotiations have been carried on with Mr. Gunder son. Elected along with him to the board Were Chester F. Hockley, president of the Davison Chem ical Co. of Baltimore, and Daniel A. Evatt, financial vice president of the Martin company. Accountancy Pace Courses: B.C.S. and M.C.S. Degrees. C.P.A. Preparation. Day and Eve ning Divisions; Coeduca tional. Seed for 43rd Yeer Seek BENJAMIN FRANKLIN UNIVERSITY 1100 14tfc Street, N.W. otL Ri 1343 BASIC I RADIO Short Specialised Eng. Unit Starts Sept. 21 Columbia Toehnieal Institute 1230 Vermont Ave. N.W. Catalogues • ME. 5624 Veteran Apprmvtd l“7-— Lehman's Statement On Barden School Bill Declared 'Misleading' Glenn L. Archer,1 executive di rector of Protestants and Other Americans United for Separation of Church and State, today as sailed as “misleading” statements made yesterday by former Gov. Herbert H. Lehman of New York and Mayor William O’Dwyer of New York criticizing the Barden House aid-to-education bill. Gov. Lehman and Mayor O’Dwyer had attacked the Barden Bill on the grounds it would pre vent use of Federal funds for pa rochial schools. Their views were given at a meeting of the New York State Democratic committee which nominated Gov. Lehman as the party’s candidate for United States Senator for the state. “It is only by a twisted process of logic that a bill which would aid public schools can be called discriminatory,” Mr. Archer de clared. “The public schools dis criminate against no one—chil dren of all faiths attend them. The Thomas aid-to-education bill, which Mr. Lehman indorses, would allow use of tax funds contributed by citizens of all faiths to be used by certain States in support of sectarian schools. "For his part, Mr. O’Dwyer brings forth once more the thread-bare argument that Cath olic parents pay taxes, so why shouldn’t the Government support Catholic parochial schools? Ac cording to this argument, no one should be required to pay a tax who does not receive a direct, personal benefit therefrom. This would mean that single persons, or parents, who do not have chil dren of school age, could demand exemption from payment of taxes which go to support the public schools, or else a rebate on those taxes. If the Mayor invoked this rule in New York City, anarchy would result.” Job Insurance Claims Reach 6-Month Low Unemployment Insurance claims during the week ending September 10 dropped to the lowest level since early April and indicated a continued slackening in industrial layoffs, the Labor Department’s Bureau of Employment Security reported today. The Labor Day holiday ac counted for some of the decline in volume”of new jobless compensa tion claims that week. Robert C. Goodwin, bureau director, ex plained. But the 218,000 initial claims filed by newly unemployed workers were 20,900 fewer than during the previous week and about 124,000 below initial claims in mid-July, he said. The number of initial claims also was the lowest for any seven day period since November 27. Continued claims, representing claimants out of work for a full week or more, declined to 1,901, 200. This was a reduction of about 171,000 from the previous week and the lowest since April 9. Mrs. Doheny Sells Oil Well Interests for $35,550,000 Sy Auociatad Frau LOS ANGELES. Sept. 17.—Mrs. Carrie Estelle Doheny, widow of Edward L. Doheny, the oil mag nate, has sold her Fresno County holdings for $35,500,000. Her interest in 2,570 acres and 72 producing wells was purchased yesterday by Nassau Associates, Inc., of New York, a subsidiary of Dillon, Read & Co. Nassau Associates entered into a long term contract with Union Oil Co. of California under which Union will take the entire production from three fields, the Coalinga Nose, Pleasant Valley and Gui jarral. The first two fields are yielding about 6,000 barrels of high gravity 011 daily, Nassau said. Guijarral! is still under development. FCC fo Compare Color TV Systems Before Licensing ly th» Associated Prass The Federal Communications Commission will compare various color television systems side by side before deciding which one— if any—to license for regular broadcasting. The agency said yesterday that, as part of FCC hearings into the subject starting September 26, the Columbia Broadcasting Sys tem will demonstrate its method of transmitting color TV on October 7, while the Radio Corp. of America will get its chance October 10. Then, the FCC said, those two companies and any other offering color transmission proposals will be asked to set up their demon strations together for comparative purposes. Sunday Special 1 Day Only NEW HUDSONS Liberal Tradet Given Queen’s Chapel Motors, ln& Queens Chapel Rood Hyottsville, Md. Ph. WA. 1617-WA. 9615 Case of Defamation Campaign Against D. C. Woman Probed A 4-month defamation cam paign aimed at a 42-year-old Washington divorcee who has been the target of obscene lip stick scrawlings on walls of buildings here, today was being investigated by the Corporation Counsel's office. Chief Municipal Court Counsel Clark King is conducting the investigation. Eight other en forcement agencies have investi gated the case since last March. The scrawlings, which have ap peared on the hall and lavatory walls of four buildings up to September 3, all have been deroga tory of Mrs. Frances Kline, of the Cleland Apartments, 318 Rhode Island avenue N.E. In addition, Mrs. Kline and nearly a dozen friends and relatives have received numerous anonymous let iters and telephone calls all of a disparaging, if not indecent, na ture. At a hearing in the prosecutor’s office yesterday nearly 10 persons, including building owners, voiced Atlanta Judge Admits He Wanted to Get His Hands on Lockwood By th« Associated Press ATLANTA, Sept. 17.—Judge Robert Carpenter told a jury try ing him for attempted murder that he wanted to "get my hands on" John Lockwood when he saw the attorney drive up with "Mrs. Carpenter all cuddled up against him." The 44-year-old Civil Court jurist hadn’t intended to shoot, he testified yesterday, but did so when, he said. Mr. Lockwood reached with his right arm as to draw a weapon. And, he tearfully told the jurors, “Gentlemen, if ever a man was justified, I believe I was.” Only a few hours before, he said, his pretty 20-year-old step daughter Barbara had told him weepingly of being forced to leave a bedroom where the attorney was visiting her drunken mother. He added he received an anony mous telephone call reporting that Mr. Lockwood, his erstwhile friend, and Mrs. Carpenter had just left a tourist court together. Drove to Apartment. Mr. Lockwood, attorney for Mrs. Carpenter in a divorce suit, testified earlier they had been out looking for the judge and “an other woman" in the tourist court. It was then past midnight on July 27 and the jurist said he took his revolver and drove rapidly to his wife’s apartment. What he saw infuriated him, be continued, but he waited until the attorney left, then drove alongside him and shouted, "Lockwood, I want to see you.” In the shooting that followed, Mr. Lockwood was wounded in the face by shattered glass and bullet fragments. He was additionally injured when, leaping from his car and fleeing, he fell into a 30-foot deep building excavation. Testifies for Two Hours. In two hours of eloquent testi mony. Judge Carpenter pictured himself as an indulgent husband and father and the ihnocent vic tim of a double-cross in love and business. Golden-blond Miss Carpenter preceded him to testify that Mr. Lockwood, a former Philadelphia lawyer, had wormed himself into her mother’s confidence and af fection. She also described the bedroom^ scene with the attorney and said she had been forced to move from her mother’s home because “all she could talk about was what ‘John said.’ ” The trial is in recess until Mon day. Woman Lives Alone On Irish Island Mrs. Elizabeth Clerkin, sole In habitant of Cottage Island in Lough Gill, Erie, rows 4 miles to Sligo once a week to collect her pension and groceries. Then she rows back to her island home and the solitude she enjoys. Her only companions are the sea birds. She has no radio and seldom sees a newspaper. A "Prettiest Ankle” competition at Stock, England, was won by a woman of 85. Air Conditioning Short Specialized Eng. Unit Starts Sept. 21 Columbia Toehnieal Institute 1239 Varment Ava. N.W. Catalogues ME. 5626 Veteran Approved Far International Basinas* Or Travel You Must Knew Languages! Registration FOR Fall Classes IN j SPANISH i i ; RUSSIAN! S IS NOW OPEN 2 BERLITZ 839 17th St. N.W. (At Eye). STerling 0010 AIR CONDITIONED FOR YOUR COMFORT For 71 Years Berlitt Has Never Failed V 1 7 their complaints along with Mrs. Kline. The scrawlings. sometimes written in lipstick and at others in eyebrow pencil or fingernail polish, have appeared in Mrs. Klines apartment building; the RCA Building, 1225 Nineteenth street N.W., where she works as j a teletypist; the Governor Shep herd Apartments, 2121 Virginia avenue N.W., and the Colorado Building, Fourteenth and G streets N.W. Some of her friends either live. or work in the latter two buildings. These agencies have looked into the case, without apparent suc cess so far: Naval Intelligence, postal inspectors, 3 police pre cincts, the Woman’s Bureau, de tective headquarters, and the United States Attorney’s office. While Mr. King, at one point in his hearing, declared “the chain of circumstances points in only one direction,’’ he withheld filing charges, pending questioning of further witnesses. Such action may be taken before the end of the month, he said later. Wallace Predicts End Of Free Enterprise State's 'Anarchy' By the Associated Press CLEVELAND, Sept. 17.—Henry A. Wallace declared today "the anarchy of the free enterprise state is bound to come to an end from its own instability.” "The chief question.” continued the Progreesive Party’s 1948 presi dential candidate, “has been whether the emerging general wel fare state should be based on democratic or totalitarian prin ciples. "The contention of the Pro gressive Party is that it is im possible to develop * * * any place in the world a general welfare state based on democratic prin ciples as long as the cold war is going on.” Progressive Party Conference. Mr. Wallace addressed the Pro gressive Party’s National Con ference on Jobs and the Economic Crisis. "Neither (Republican nor Demo- ! cratic) patry can bring into being i a continuing democratic welfare state,” he said. "They both, in the final analysis, will come out in exactly the same place as long as they have the same attitude with regard to foreign policy.” In an earlier session, the party's National Committee expressed the belief that Gov. Dewey of New York “white-washed” law officials in the recent Peekskill (N. Y.) concert violence. Charge Against Dewey. It also charged him with turn ing over an investigation of the affair “to the local officials who themselves bear major responsi bility for the violence which oc curred.” The incidents happened on two successive week ends. They were occasioned by the appearance of Paul Robeson, Negro baritone identified with left-wing groups. The party also blamed the “war- ; breeding, hate-breeding and intol erant foreign policy" of Demo-; cratic Party leaders for the! fracases, terming the violence “a I part of the alarming pattern of budding fascism in America.” I Ancient Reaping Hook Found Working in Portnard Bog, in County Limerick, Ireland, J. P. Crowley unearthed an ancient angular reaping hook about five feet below the surface. COMMERCIAL || ART Short Speciolixed Units Starts Sept. 21 Columbia Technical Institute 1239 Vermont Ave. N.W. Catalogue* ME. 5626 Veteran Approved Western Democrats Gather tor Meeting; U. S. Leaders to Speak B/ the Associated Press SAN FRANCISCO. Sept. 17.— San Francisco hasn’t seen so many Democratic leaders since the party’s 1920 convention here. They're in town—and more are coming—for the Western States Democratic Conference tomorrow and Monday. An estimated 1,000 Democrats from 11 States, Hawaii and Alaska will set in on a busy round of panel discussions, speeches and banquets. Theme of the off season get together is “Land. Water and Jobs.” The conference is intended as a “Voice of the West”—to tell Wash ington of the fast stepping growth and the problems of the big area stretching from the Rockies to the Pacific. Unofficially, the theme is also “Politics and the 1950 Campaign.” Barkley Will Speak. What the delegates have to say will be directed to Vice President Barkley, four cabinet members and other key Washington figures. Mr. Barkley is scheduled to be the principal speaker at the final Mon day night meeting. Secretaries Sawyer, Commerce; Tobin, Labor: Brannan, Agri culture, and Krug, Interior, will participate in the panel discus sions on such subjects as "land, water, power, resources and jobs.” The list of pa‘nel leaders include Leon Keyserling, vice chairman of President Truman’s Council of Economic Advisers; James V. Pat ten, national president, Farmers’ Union, and Interior Undersecre tary Oscar Chapman. But Calvin W. Rawlings of Salt Lake City, executive chairman of the conference, didn’t hesitate to say there would be plenty of prac tical politics. (To Study Over-all Program. “There will be quiet some de tailed planning for a grass roots campaign to get out the votes in the off year of 1950.” he said. “We will consider an over-all pro gram—not, of course, individual candidates.” And John M. Redding, publicity director of the Democratic Na tional Committee, declared: “It will be the biggest Demo cratic meeting since the 1948 Na tional convention, and the biggest Democratic gathering ever held in the West outside of a National convention. “It is being held because the westward shift of population is accompanied by a similar shift of political power.” Calendar Faulty The Gregorian calendar gains slightly more than 44 minutes every century, making an error of one full day In about 3.261 years. SPANISH Native teacher. American college graduate, years' experience. Conversational meth od. Peginners. advanced students. Small groups Any kind of Spanish translation. Day and night classes forming nov. Senor Ramon Ramos 932_r_St_N.W. 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