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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 17, 1949, Image 7

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Truman Seen Avoiding
Big Issue of 'Sialism'
With a Wisecrack
Use of Term 'Scare Word'
Shows Contempt of Stote I
For People, Writer Holds
By Dorothy Thompson
President Truman professes not
to know the meaning of “statism,”
by which Senator John Foster
Dulles recently defined the tend
encies of the Truman administra
tion. The President said he had
looked the word up in two or three
dictionaries and that they were
in disagreement. “It’s simply a
scare word.” Mr. Truman con
There are many words in com
mon use and of generally accepted
meaning, which have not found
their way into dictionaries. Mr4
Truman himself has often de
nounced “totalitarianism.” But
my Oxford dictionary does not
contain the word. Neither cttn I
find the word "genocide," though
it is the subject of a United Na
tions convention.
Yet, whether “totalitarianism”
or “genocide” are dictionary terms
they are hideous realities. The
existence of Nazi and Communist
states has required the invention
of new definitions, as the whole
sale massacre of men and women
on racial grounds forced the cre
ation of a term to describe it.
Hence, “totalitarian” and “geno
‘Trim, Ferocious Epoch.’
The dictionary is maintaining
a decorous civilization which has
not caught up with what Winston
Churchill described as "this trim,
ferocious epoch.” Its definition
of "atomization” is "to reduce to
atoms, pulverize, spray.” Future
editions will have to add “vapori
zation of inorganic and organic
matter, including human beings,
by atom bombs.”
Dictionary definitions reflect
political evolutions. The Oxford
dictionary describes as an “ob
solete” definition of “statism”—
"subservience to political expe
diency in religion.” Obsolete?
Has no one been reading of the
current events in Poland, Hun
gary and Czechoslovakia, where
the political organization is
using every weapon to reduce re
ligion to political subservience?
Thus, yesterday’s obsoletes be
come today's accuracies as the
world progresses backward.
Oxford, Century and Funk &
.Wagnalls all define "statism” as
political science, or the art of
government, or state craft, or be
lief in the sovereignty of a state,
and none helps us to uftderstand
..what Senator Dulles meant.
But the President knew per
fectly well what he meant, and
so do we all, without reference
to any dictionary. The Senator
meant by "statism” the tendency
of the state to encroach into, all
the fields hitherto reserved to
the individual and society; to ab
sorb more and more of the citi
zen’s earnings; exercise increas
ing control over his life and
habits; and reduce him to be
coming a rubber-stamp of the
state-bureaucratic apparatus.
The approving definition of
"statism,” given by Mussolini,
was; “Everything in the state;
nothing outside the state.”
Psychological Weapon.
Statism, in its last logic, is thus
total state power, which can be
achieved gradually, as well as by
revolution. Its chief psycholog
ical weapon is to identify the
state with the people, as though
they were the same, which, of
course, they are not. When so
ciety gives powers to the state it
is weakened in the same propor
tion. And that the state is becom
ing everywhere stronger and the
people weaker is visible to the
naked eye, even if not visible in
the dictionary.
The President called “statism”
a “scare word.” Why. if it is
meaningless? Obviously people
must recognize an unhappy ten
* dency; otherwise no one would
be scared.
Actually, there could be no more
: fruitful debate at this juncture
than the eternal political question
; of the proper relation between the
powers of the state and society.
It concerned our founding fathers
. more than any other problem, and
- led, even then, to party divisions.
In terms of their own era, Hamil
ton was a statist, and Jefferson
an anti-statist. It is certain, I
think, that if those two great
minds were meditating the same
question today, in a highly organ
ized industrial society, which at
that time did not exist, they would
have other policies.
But they would not avoid the
- Issue by a wisecrack, and, neither i
ahould the President.
For one way by which the state
■ shows contempt for the people is
to reduce all issues to slogans and
(Released by the Bell Syndicate. Inc.)
5 3 Held in Lottery Charges
In Fourth Raid of Week
- In the fourth anti-gambling
raid staged here in the past week
since such activities were taken
. from the Vice Squad and delegated
to individual police precincts, three
. men yesterday were held on lot
',,terV operation charges.
Lt. David McCutcheon of No. 1
Precinct led the latest raid yester
day on a newsstand in the first
block of H street NJE. Charged
- bffore United States Commissioner
Cyril S. Lawrence were:
Jerome King, 27, of the 400
block of I street N.W.; Floyd
s Banks, 47, of the first block of I
T street N.W., both under $1,500
i bond, and Willie Moore, 40, of the
1100 block of Chapel Oaks drive
N.E., $500 bond. King and Banks
also are charged with illegal sale
and possession of liquor after
hours. Hearings were set for next
Two men charged with lottery
operation in a Thursday raid in
. the 1400 block of Q street N.W.
also face Thursday hearings be
fore Commissioner Lawrence. They
are Sandy L. Smith, 37, and Gab
: riel Evans, 27, both colored, of the
1300 block of Q. They are under
$1,600 bond each.
r i
This Changing World
‘Blow-up’ Expected Soon in Albania;
Soviet May Be Forced to Intervene
By Constantine Brown
A blow-up is expected soon in
Albania, where .the pro-Tito Na
tionalist-Communists are gaining
strength. A showdown between
them and the
forces of Prem
ier Enver Hoxha
is inevitable, it
is believed in
The Albanian
situation and
its possible con
sequences re
portedly were
discussed this
week by Foreign
Secretary Bevin
and Secretary of
State Acheson.
Political up- Con.tnntlno Brown.
sets are frequent occurences in
the Balkans. This has been par
ticularly true in recent years when
Soviet puppets have overthrown
non-Communist governments. The
Albanian troubles, which are ex
pected to make the front pages of
every newspaper soon, may have
serious international repercussions,
for they will be an extension of
Marshal Tito’s struggle with
District Seeks New Bids
On 39th Street Tract
The Commissioners have decided
to readvertise for bids on a 10,
000-square-foot tract at Thirty
; ninth street and Massachusetts
avenue N.W., which the city is at
tempting to sell.
Informal bids were sought from
July 15 until August 15. Of seven
offers received, the highest was a
$6,530 bid by Mrs. A. R. Pilkerton,
wife of the District Auditor.
In considering the bids, the city
heads were advised by the Corpo
ration Counsel there appeared to
be nothing in the law to bar the
sale to the wife of a city official.
Meanwhile, however, a higher
offer was received through a real
estate man, Frank M. Doyle. 927
Fifteenth street N.W., of $8,000.
The city heads then decided the
best interests of the District would
be served by discarding all present
bids and starting over.
Important To Soviet.
Albania, a country of about;
10,000 square miles with a popula- j
tion of less than 1,000,000, is of
great strategic importance to the
| USSR. Ever since Albania’s liber
; ation in 1945 Russian military
! experts have been preparing the
country as an important outpost
on the Adriatic. Its harbors at
Durazzo and San Giovanni de
Medua were deepened. Submarine
pens were reported established
there and the rugged coast was
made into a powerful fortress
bristling with large caliber coast
artillery guns. *
As long as Marshal Tito re
mained Moscow’s fair-haired boy,
the Albanian and Yugoslav gov
ernments were as close as Moscow
and Kiev. Premier Tirana, in fact,
took orders from Belgrade, which
in turn took orders from Moscow.
It was just a big happy family
faithfully obeying Moscow’s in
structions under the protective eye
of Prime Minister Stalin, whose
picture was on every building and
street corner.
When Tito broke with the Krem
lin, Gen. Hoxha decided to continue
to play along with Moscow. He
j felt certain that no puppet any
! where in the Balkans could possibly
defy the Eastern colossus with im
punity for any length of time. He
joined in the Moscow chorus at
i tacking Tito as a lackey of the
Americans and a traitor to the
i people.
It happens, however, that a large
portion of the Albanian people
do not particularly relish the re
gime Moscow has imposed on
them. That is to say, they do
not enjoy having Gen. Hoxha, who
is considered a lightweight by his
own people, as their top man in
When the schism occurred be
tween Moscow and Belgrade, and
Gen. Hoxha went all-out for Mos
cow, a number of Albanians or
ganized an underground movement
with the assistance of Marshal
Tito's agents. The usual repri
sals were taken by the Soviet po
litical police who reign supreme in
Albania, but they were not alto
gether successful. The country
is rugged and tracking down and
destroying opponents is difficult.
Arms and ammunition came to
Moscow’s opponents from many
quarters. The latest reports from
Albania show that a major rebel
lion now is in the making and that
the whole thing may explode
sometime this fall.
Blow To Soviet Prestige.
Moscow is likely to react vio
lently to what its propaganda
agencies describe as the work of
Tito and his capitalistic bosses—
America and Britain. The truth
is that after the defeat of the
Greek Communists the loss .of
Russia’s most important stategic
position at the entrance to the
Adriatic would be a serious blow
not only to the Soviet’s prestige
but also to her plans to control
the strategically important straits
of Otranto.
Moreover, a successful anti
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Hoxha rebellion necessarily will
increase Tito’s prestige through
out the Balkans at Moscow’s ex
pense. Hungary and Poland—
and to a lesser degree Romania
and Bulgaria—already are seeth
Strong-arm measures had to be
adopted against the top Hungarian
leaders while the population, which
is reported to be in a state of
ferment, is being held in check
only by the presence of several
Russian divisions. The Poles,
and particularly the peasantry,
are restless, too.
These strongly nationalistic
satellite countries, on which the
Soviet regime was imposed by
force, are looking for a chance
really to liberate themselves. If,
on top of Tito's defiance, a rev
olution succeeds in Albania, the
Kremlin fears that it may face
serious difficulties in the near
future. For this reason, it is sus
pected in Washington, an out
break in Albania will bring Soviet
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j i » i ' J • «v
• ' % -
. ’ • 1 r -• ti ^
\ n -
Now... With
< Facilities
Adenauer Selects
9 of His Cabinet;
Five Posts Open
fty Hi# Associated Pros*
Bonn, Germany, 8ept. 17.—
West Germany’s top executives
were named yesterday at a caucus
of the ruling right-wing coali
tion. '
Dr. Konrad Adenauer, Chris
tian Democrat, was appointed
chancelor and Dr. Franz Blue
cher of the Free Democratic
Party, vice chancellor.
Dr. Adenauer’s appointment
first was made formally by Pres
ident Theodor Heuss. Then he
appointed his assistants.
The third and smallest party
in the coalition, the Free Ger
man Party, will get two cabinet
Dr. Fritz Oellers, a Free Demo
cratic leader, said nine men had
been chosen for the cabinet and
five positions were left to be filled.
Those chosen were:
Prof. Ludwig Erhard, Christian
Democrat, Minister of Economics:
Dr. Thomas Dehler, Free Demo
crat, Minister of Justice; Dr. Her
man Schaeffer, Christian Demo
crat, Finance; Jacob Kaiser,
Christian Democrat, Minister for
all-German Affairs; Dr. Hans
Seebohm, German Party, Trans
port; Hans Schubert, Christian
Democrat, Posts; Heinrich Well
wege, German Party, Minister for
State Affairs; Eberhard Wilder-!
mouth, Free Democrat, Recon- j
On the Other Hand
Maybe Pennsylvania Voters Believe
Mother’s Place Is Not in Politics
in a plane crash, an army flyer
killed in the war. A third son,
a flyer, carried her in his plane
about the district during the cam
Well, there are still a lot of
people who feel that mother's
place is not in an airplane and
conceivably a lot of people who
feel that mother’s place is not
in politics. And it is hard to argue
with people about the way they
feel. It could all add up- to per
haps, the fact that Mrs. Coffey
was not the best possible candi
As for “statism,” we can wait
and see how John Foster Dulles
makes out with that “issue” in the
New York Senatorial contest.
Two Women Held Here
On Indecency Charges
Charges of conducting an inde
cent demonstration for pay today
were being held against two wom
en arrested Thursday night.
| Accused of sodomy and va
grancy, Mrs. Jean Steed English,
33, wife of the former Tri-State
, mobster, Tommy English, wasiree
; under $1,800 bond, while Mildred
Stevens, 34, is under $800 bond.
Mrs. English also faces Muni
cipal Court action on charges of
operating a disorderly house and
simple assault on the policeman
who arrested her in a house in the
800 block of L street N.W. Judge
Aubrey B. Fennell postponed hear
ing on all cases to October 5.
Pvt. Alfonso Ciatola of the Vice
Squad reported that, when Mrs.
English saw his badge, she kicked
and scratched him about the body.
The ex-mobster’s wife lives in
the 1200 block of M street N.W.,
while her co-defendant lives in the
1300 block of N street N.W. Both
have denied the charges.*
Sine* 1866
723 7th St. N.W. NA. 6648
Nine Men and 3 Women
Will Try Gambler Cohen j
By th» Associated Pres*
LOS ANGELES, Sept. 17.—The
nasty words which Mickey Cohen
said to policemen will be repeated
to nine women and three men
The little gambler’s peace dis
turbance trial was set up with
selection of the jury yesterday,
and testimony begins Monday.
Cohen allegedly told officer*
what he thought of their frequent
investigations at his home.
Mickey, pending his appearanca
on the witness stand, sounded oft
to reporters about the disappear
ance of his right-hand man,
Frank Niccoli. Cohen indicated
he, Cohen, will be out $50,000 if
Niccoli doesn’t show up for an
assault charge trial October 3.
That was the amount of the bond
which Cohen arraiiged for hi*
“It will cost me my home and
everything,” moaned Cohen. “It
sure is a headache.”
Prices in India continue to
climb, being now three times th#
1939 level.
-- —- - - -
By Lowell Mellett
On Tuesday in Pennsylvania’s
26th Congressional district. 107,
358 voters went to the polls in *
special election to fill the seat
made vacant
by the death
of Representa
tive Robert L.
Coffey, jr„ a
Democrat. The
result was the
election of a
John P. Saylor,
by a majority
of 8,460 votes.
For all that
anybody knows,
Mr. Saylor may
make a pretty
good Congress . Mellett.
member, but that is open to doubt
if his own explanation of his vic
! tory represents the working of
his mind. In a statement to the
press he said:
“The issue was the American way
of life, free enterprise and oppor
tunity versus the regimented semi
police state in the socialistic wel
fare state philosophy.”
Must Have Been Tired.
In fairness to the Congressman- i
elect it must be told that this neb-!
ulous nonsense was emitted late
at night and at the end of a
hard-fought campaign. He must'
have been very tired, thus to out-|
wherry Wherry and out-hicken
looper Hickenlooper at their worst.
Indeed the latter two statesmen
were relatively restrained in ex
pressing their satisfaction with
the Pennsylvania result. "It shows
there’s no room for me-tooers
and compromisers. We've got to'
give the Democrats hell if we ex
pect to win,” said Senator Wherry.
“When the Republicans meet the
issues squarely and vigorously,
they can win,” said Senator Hick
But generally in Republican
circles there has appeared a dis
position to believe not only that
the victory in this one district
I forecasts national victory next
year, but that the victory will be
won on some such issue as that
which'Mr. Saylor attempted to de
fine. Usually it is expressed in a
new word, “statism.”
To believe this one must believe
that the normally Republican
district would have gone Demo
cratic again if Mr. Saylor had not
persuaded the voters that issue
was “the American way of life,
free enterprise and opportunity
versus the regimented semi-police
state in the socialistic welfare
state philosophy.” And that's a
little hard to believe.
It's easier to believe that Mr.
Saylor was simply a better candi
date, all things considered, than
his opponent—enough better to
win back those voters who had
strayed from their Republican nor
malcy in 1948. A war hero, with
a hand in that historic flag-rais
ing in Iwo Jima, a man of attrac
tive personality, he was a natural
to succeed Representative Coffey,
himself elected as a war hero.
A tireless campaigner, he suc
ceeded in shaking the hands of
30,000 voters, by his own estimate,1
during the comparatively short
time allowed.
Smart Politics, Maybe.
The Democratic organization
had considered it smart politics;
to nominate for its candidate the
the mother of the Congressman
who died while flying a plane as
a reserve officer in the Air Force.
Maybe it was smart politics and
maybe it was not. Electing
mothers—as such—to Congress
would have been something new In
American politics. There are
Congresswomen who are mothers,
of course, but who were not elected
because they were mothers.
Electing the widows of Congress
men to succeed them at death is
an old and accepted practice, but
this is usually in the case of a
veteran Congressman whose widow
has been a partner in his political
Mrs. Coffey had lost another son
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Hains Point Bus Runs
Will Cease Tomorrow
The Capital Transit Co. has
notified the Public Utilities Com
mission that seasonal operation of
the Hains Point busline will cease
after tomorrow.
The PUC suspended its order
authorizing the transit company
to operate buses from Fifteenth
street and Treasury place to the
Lincoln Memorial and Hains Point
and back.
. • - L*
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