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Mostly warm and sunny with high about 85 Rather cloudy, warm and humid tomorrow. Noon -_ 73 6 p.m.- 78 11 p.m. 67 2 p.m._-76 8 p.m.--72 Midnight 66 4 pan.--78 10 p.m.__69 1 a.m..-64 -a V—/ w' WITH DAILY EVENING EDITION V—' Home Delivery The Evening and Sunday Star Is delivered by carrier to all subscribers at $1.20 per month when 4 Sundays; $1.30 per month when 5 Sundays. Night Final edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per month. Telephone ST. 5000. 97th Year. No. 256. WASHINGTON, 1), (\ SEPTEMBER 18. 1949—160 PAGES. ★ An Associoted Press Newspoper W»siitn*lon fT'XT'XT r'U'XT'T'Q IS CENTS »nd Suburb* X XjIN Elsewhere Death Toll in Ship Fire Near 200; Search for Bodies Still Continues In Blackened Hull at Toronto Pier 400 Scramble to Safety as Flames Sweep Vessel By Associated Press TORONTO, Ont., Sept. 17.— Nearly 200 shipboard holiday makers, most of them Americans, died in a raging night fire that swept flames and panic through the Canadian pleasure cruiser Noronic in just a few minutes, early today. Awakened by screams and emoke, more than 400 others scrambled or jumped to safety through the flames that turned the 36-year-old Great Lakes queen into a blaekened, sunken hulk at her dock here. Mayor Hiram McCallum esti mated the death toll at “close to 200.” But an exact count was unlikely for days. Many of the survivors scattered after the trag edy. Some of the victims were believed trapped in the twisted ship that sank onto the harbor bottom in 28 feet of water. 117 Bodies Gathered. At midafternoon police said 190 bodies had been recovered, but only 117 had been gathered in an emergency morgue tonight and authorities withdrew the earlier estimate. The ship carried 511 passengers and a crew of 170. The Canadian Press—from un eo-ordinated reports by police, the Red Cross and hospitals—esti mated that about 90 besides the 117 known dead were unaccounted for. Toronto hospitals and first-aid stations at two hotels counted 189 Injured, 16 of them seriously. Canada Steamship Lines owns the 6,905-ton cruise ship. Worst Since 1847. It was the worst Orest Lakes ship Are disaster in more than a century. The only such Are in which more lives were lost was CAPT. WILLIAM TAYLOR, One of Tragedy’s Heroes. , —AP Wirephoto. in 1847, when the steamship Phoenix burned in Lake Michigan with 247 dead. The Noronic death toll, however, was only one-flfth that of the steamer General Slocum which burned in New York’s East River on June 15, 1904, with a loss of 1.021 lives. The worst disaster on the Great Lakes occurred when the excursion steamer Eastland capsized in the Chicago River July 24, 1915, with a loss of 812 lives The sister ship of the Noronic, the Hamonic, burned on July 17, 1945, at Point Edward near Sar nia, but unlike the Noronic, all but one of the 325 passengers and crew were saved. Dominion and city authorities began investigations into the blaze. As the Canadian Department of Transport ordered an immediate investigation, K. R. Marshall, Canada Steamship Lines presi dent, said he had determined “be yond any reasonable doubt” that "(Continued on Page A-4, Col. lj Identified Dead Names, Addresses Given For 15 Killed on Noronic Sy Associated Press TORONTO, Sept. 17.—The list of identified dead in today’s Noronic ship disaster follows: Dr. Morris Alperin, Cleveland. Mrs. Morris Alperin, Cleveland. Mrs. Deva Pearl Brickell, South Bend, Ind. Emerson Davis, 72, Detroit. Eunice Diedrichs, Cleveland. Blanche Farragher, Youngs town, Ohio. Walter George Haag, Cleveland. Mrs. Walter Haag, Cleveland. Mrs. Myrtle Harper, 50, Youngs town. George Jobbitt, Detroit. Mrs. Bell D. Palmer, Saginaw, Mich. A1 Speedy, Cleveland. Mrs. A1 Speedy. Cleveland. David H. Wilder, Strongsville, Ohio. Mrs. Hazel Wilder, 58, Strongs ville, Ohio, Radio Programs, Page C-8 Complete Index, Page A-2 TORONTO, ONT.—OUT OF THE HOLOCAUST—Art* Unidenti fied woman passenger is lowered to safety by ropes from the bow of the Noronic during the height of the fire which de stroyed the ship. Another woigfn passenger waits her turn. This dramatic picture was.mile by Nelson Quarrlngton, a Toronto Telegram staff photographer. (Other pictures on Pages A-4 and A-5.) —AP Wirephoto. Assassination Plans Described by Two in Hungary Treason Trial Night of Terror Planned In Killing Off Top Reds, Defendants Testify By the Associated Press BUDAPEST. Hungary, Sept. 17. —Plans for a night of terror in which Hungarian and Yugoslav plotters were to kill key Commu hists and seize the government were related by two treason trial defendants here today, j Lazar Brankov, 37-year-old counsellor of the Yugoslav Em | bassy in Budapest, testified that ! officials of Premier-Marshal Tito’s regime decided last October that peaceful methods were not enough to convert Hungary into a Yugo slav satellite and ‘‘other methods should be used.” These other methods, he said, included the dispatch of “two ex perts in political murder” to Bu dapest to shadow the Communist chieftains and kill them when the ifcvolt signal was given. Yugoslavia has denounced the trial in advance as a fake. Eight men. headed by Laszlo Rajk, are up before a five-judge people’s court on charges of treason and espionage. Brankov and Lt. Gen. Gyorgy Palffy made public confessions today before the court, speaking with the same alacrity Rajk dis played yesterday. 'Brankov plead ed “partly .guilty,” Palffy said “guilty.” Palffy was commander of Hungary’s army. The paunchy general, 40, testi fied he had maneuvered Hungar ian army affairs in an effort to support the plot. He said he hoped the revolt would lead to creation of a “Western type cap italist democracy.” Supporting the government’s charge that Britain and the United States were involved, Brankov said all the secret in formation obtained by Yugosla via’s Hungarian agents was turned over to the American legation here and leading Yugoslavs also exchanged information with their British counterparts. Both he and the general said Alexander Rankovic, Interior Min ister and police chief of Marshal Tito’s Yugoslav government, was the brains behind the plans for assassination of key Communists and a revolution as part of a move to pull the Balkans from the Soviet sphere. Brankov charged that Allen W. Dulles, wartime head of the Office of Strategic Services in Europe during World War n, was linked with the purported plot. He said Winston Churchill, Britain’s war tlme Prime Minister, sought early (Continued on Page A-2, Col. 47) Big 3 Reach Accord On Program to Check Far East Communism By *h» Associated Press Secretary of State Acheson, I British Foreign Secretary Bevin and French Foreign Minister Schuman reached agreement yes terday on plans to check the spread of Communism in the Far East. They announced accord after a 90-minute conference at the State Department which wound up a detailed Big Three survey iof pressing cold war political is sues facing the West. I In their final exchange dealing with the Far East, a brief com munique said, the three “found that their views on existing situa tions and the methods by which they might be met were in accord." There were no further details. In that region, France s most urgent concern is with continued turmoil in Indo-China. Mr. Schu man asked for the final meeting after he had gone over European and Balkan problems with the American and British leaders. Schuman Optimistic. On the outlook in Indo-China, Mr. Schuman told reporters he was “almost always optimistic” and refused to add further to the guarded words of the communique. The wind-up session freed Sec retary Acheson for a quiet Sunday Tsee BIG THREE7Page_A^8')~ Atlantic Council Begins Planning Unified Defense Treaty Nations Give Major Role to U. S., Canada and Britain SENATE EXPECTED TO PASS Foreign Military Aid Bill This Week. Page A-7 (Text of first North Atlantic Council communique Page A-6J By Garnett D. Horner The 12 anti-Communist nations allied under the North Atlantic Treaty organized yesterday for prompt planning of “unified de fense” against possible attack by Russia or any one else. They gave the Big Three West ern powers—the United States, Great Britain and Canada — a dominant role in developing the grand strategy for defense of the whole North Atlantic and Western Mediterranean area. Top American, British and French armed force officers will form a “standing group” under a 12-nation military committee to co-ordinate detailed defense plan ning by five regional groups. But no supreme command for the alliance is contemplated now. It will be up to the individual governments to provide for carry ing out plans to which they agree in the joint strategy setup. The command question is not expected to arise unless there is an im minent threat of war. Committees Push Arms Bill. Even as the North Atlantic Council was making defense plans, tWo Senate committees were ad vancing the $1,314,010,000 foreign military aid bill. The committees’ report, while referring to the program as en j tirely defensive, said pointedly ! that Russia has more than 5, 000.000 men under arms and ap pears to be carrying out a “de liberate” policy of adding to its military strength. ; The Western defense organiza tion, aimed at preventing war through its warning of joint ac tion against any aggressor, was outlined in a 3,000-word com munique issued after the first meeting of the North Atlantic Council here. Acheson Is First Chairman. Secretary of State Acheson and the foreign ministers of the 11 other nations linked by the North Atlantic security pact compose the council created under the treaty i to supervise operation of the al j liance. i They met for an hour in the Departmental Auditorium, on Con stitution avenue between Twelfth and Fourteenth streets N.W., and approved without dispute a de fense organization plan prepared by a “working group” of subordi nate officials. Mr. Acheson was named chair man of the council for the first year. The council established a cabinet level Defense Committee, which is to have its first meeting here Octo ber 5, with Secretary of Defense Johnson as chairman. This com mittee will be composed of the defense ministers of the 12 na tions, except Iceland which has no defense minister and may have another representative. General Outline Suggested. A “general outline” of subsidi ary military agencies was sug gested by the council to the De fense Committee, which will be ex - See”ATLANTiC~PACT~Page A-6. Edison's Grandson, 18, Victim Of FalJ on Glacier in Austria fty th« Associated Pross VIENNA,‘Austria, Sunday, Sept. 18.—Michael Edison Sloane, 18 year-old grandson of Inventor Thomas A. Edison, lost a gallant fight for his life on a wind-swept Alpine glacier in Southern Austria last week. Police said the youth survived an 80-fodt fall into a crevice on Oross-Glockner, Austria’s highest peak, only to die later of exposure. The cause of his death was offi cially listed as freezing and loss of blood. Young Sloane was reported missing last Sunday after he* dis appeared from a tourist party on a conducted visit to the 12.600 foot mountain. An Austrian search party found his body yes terday at the foot of Pasterzen glacier in the British Occupation Zone. The youth, a student of arch aeology and art, was the son of John E. Sloane and a nephew of Charles Edison, former gover nor of New Jersey. His home was in Llewellyn Park, West Orange, N. J. He was the youngest grandson of the great inventor. His mother, the-former Madeleine Edison, is the daughter of Thomas A. Edi son by his second wife, Mrs. Nina' Miller Edison. His mother said she feared “something like this would happen." Police at Heiligenblut who dis covered young Sloane’s body, re constructed events of last Sunday as follows: Young Sloane, who had been staying in the American occupa tion zone, hired a private car to take him to a resort hotel half way up Gross-Glockner. From there, he apparently tried to climb further up the mountain. He stopped on a long, icy ridge, took off his heavy sweater, and lay down to rest. Then, police believed, he either slipped or was pushed by a small landslide into a deep crevice. Police found one of his shoes at the bottom of the crevice. A trail of blood marked his tor turous path back up its icy sides. The body was found on a small ledge of Pasterzen Glacier. He had suffered severe head injuries and a broken foot. / WESAvioTS L PRECEDENT BUT <1 \ LOST A GOOD MAN "—A C IWHERE DOESTWMl '—'/ME?; 'Broad Examination' Of D. C. Government Planned by Neely Senator Doesn't Expect To Stop With 'Clinic'; Seeks Model Capital By Don S. Warren A “broad examination" into op eration of the District government was planned last night by Chair man Neely of the Senate District Committee as a follow-up on his current series of citizens’ clinics on legislation. From his home at Fairmont, W. Va., Senator Neely confirmed reports that he would set the com mittee staff to work promptly to gather information. The West Virginia Democrat, who succeeded former Senator Mc Grath at the helm of the commit tee, said he would not call the ex amination “an investigation;" and added that he had no particular department in mind. Reported Foe of Barrett. Reports on Capitol Hill had been to the effect that Senator Neely did not think too well of Maj. Robert J. Barrett, superin tendent of police, and it was re called there that earlier this year Senator Neely spoke out sharply against confirmation of John Rus sell, Young for a fourth term as Commissioner. In an interview with a reporter of The Star last night, Senator Neely said “I do not expect to stop” with the citizens’ confer ence scheduled for next Tuesday as perhaps the last of the round tables. “I want to get all the informa tion I can," he said, "so that the District Committee can be of the fullest possible service in help ing to make Washington the model capital it should be.” He indicated he will move soon | for the employment of perhaps several additional staff members, including professional assistants, to help gather the desired infor mation. There are several open spots on the present staff, where four professional aides may be employed at $10,330 a year. There j now are only two in this salary ! class. Seeks Data on All Units. Several witnesses during last week’s legislative clinics urged the committee to make an investiga (Continued on Page A-3, Coi. 5.1 Search On for Flyers Missing Over Atlantic By th« Associated Press NEW YOftK, Sept. 17.—A small single-engine plane is missing to night on a planned non-stop flight from the Azores to New York. American and Canadian search planes fanned out over the At lantic in a widespread hunt for the plane. The little plane—a modified Beechcraft Bonanza—carried two Italian aviators who took off from the Azores at 6:13 a.m. (EDT) yesterday. They hoped to land at La Guardia Field—2,000 miles away—at dawn today. The plane was piloted by John M. Brondello and Camlllio Bariog lio. They had loaded aboard suffi cient fuel to keep their craft aloft through 10 a.m. today, under nor mal flying conditions. The intensive aerial search be gan* about 10 hours after the mtsslpg flyers made their last ra dio report to the Civil Aeronautics Administration control tower here. At that time, the Italian air men fixed their position at about 940 miles northeast of New York and 180 miles south of Newfound land. They were flying in a drizzling rain. — The flyers reportedly carried a five-man inflatable liferaft and equipment for firing distress flares in the event of an emergency “ditching” at sea. They also were bqlieved to have an emergency portable radio transmitter. My Sweetie Sets Two Records Before 84,000 Regatta Fans Dodge's Racer Is Easy Winner of First Heat, With Final Two Scheduled This Afternoon By Molcolm Lamborne, Jr. My Sweetie, a rejuvenated Gold Cup boat that managed to finish only one heat of the President’s Cup race here a year ago, yester day set a record-breaking pace for five other Gold Cuppers to win the opening heat of the Presi dent's Cup Regatta off Hains Point. An estimated crowd of 84,000 saw the races. Forty-one-year-old Bill Cantrell of Louisville, Ky.. drove the Alli son-powered My Sweetie to a new President's Cup lap record of 83.18 miles an hour and a 15-mile heat record of 78.51 miles. On the straight-away. Cantrell gunned the boat at better than 100 miles an hour, The most interested spectator was Horace Dodge, wealthy De troit sportsman, who purchased My Sweetie from a Detroit syndi cate in July. If Cantrell wins the remaining heats slated at 2:30 and 4 p.m. today, he will have made a grand slam of America’s Gold Cup races this year. He drove My Sweetie to win the Detroit Gold Cup and Silver Cup events and the Na tional Sweepstakes at Red Bank, N. J. Three quarters of a mile behind the mahogany-hulled winner was Jack Schafer’s Such Crust I of Detroit, driven by Lou Fageol of Kent, Ohio. This boat won the President’s Cup a year ago with Dan Arena at the wheel. He set lap and heat records then, only ! to have them fall yesterday. Arena yesterday was at the wheel of Schafer’s Such Crust II, i which had not been raced before. | He placed third—a performance i (ContlnuedTon-PagelM, Col 37) $ Af East Capitol Street Urged as Vital Need Highway Planners Favor New Site Rather Than Massachusetts Ave. Span By Harriet Griffiths Extension of East Capitol street by a $10,000,000 bridge over the Anacostia River to fill an “im mediate, vital need” is recom mended in a study prepared by the District Department of High ways and released by the Com missioners last night. The report on highway bridge needs in the Anacostia River Val ley area of the District also advo cated steps toward establishing a site and preparing preliminary plans for another bridge between the Eleventh Street (Anacostia) and Pennsylvania Avenue (Sousa) bridges. Declaring that points of future congestion are “clearly deter mined” to be concentrated at those bridges, the study indicated the need for this additional bridge would begin to show by 1958, and would be felt urgently by 1961. Work by 1951 Urged. In the interest of safe and ade quate highway transportation to the section of the city east of the river, however, it is “imperative” that construction on the proposed East Capitol street span begin by January 1, 1951, the report stated. Authorization was asked of the Commissioners for the Highway Department to proceed with prep aration of plans, specifications and cost estimates for the crossing. The Commissioners are sending the report to the National Capital Park and Planning Commission for its views on the conclusions. Among them is a recommenda tion that the proposed extension of Massachusetts avenue S.E. over the river, the location contem plated by the Planning Commis sion, be eliminated from further consideration as failing to provide a satisfactory solution. “The weight of factual data overwhelmingly favors the exten sion of East Capitol street over the Anacostia River as the proper location of the new bridge," the report states. To Study Plan This Week. The planning commission, it was learned, will take up the study at its monthly meeting Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. Experiments by the District planning analysts and traffic en gineers of the Bureau of Public, Roads indicate that motorists’ waiting time on the Eleventh street, Pennsylvania Avenue and Benning Bridges can amount to as much as 1.320,000 hours a year (Continued on Page A-3, Col. 1.) Democrats Mystified By Hurry-up Wires to Attend House Session G. 0. P. Takes No Chances And Matches Calls to Be On Hand Wednesday fty »h# Associated Press Mystified House Democrats prodded by hurry-back telegrams from their leaders prepared yes terday for possible legislative sur prises or trouble when they re turn Wednesday gfter a month’s vacation. The Republicans didn’t know what was up either. They were taking no chances. They’ll get out matching wires to their mem bers telling them to be on time. Ordinarily, the high command doesn’t rally the Democratic-clans by telegram unless something big is on tap. Yet nobody seemed to have any idea what it might be. Some thought it didn’t mean a thing but a way to make sure enough members showed up to do busi ness. • Financial Business Piled Up. The House has the job of clean ing up financial business that piled up during the layoff. There’s an-October 1 deadline on that. So far as the records indicate, the main effort will be to push three big appropriation bills un der the wire. But some members are worrying a bit that something else is up. Unless there is. they can’t figure out wfiy Speaker Rayburn and Majority Leader McCormack sent this telegram to all Democrats: “We think it important that you be present when the House convenes on Wednesday, Septem ber 21. Best regards.” The legislators knew when they knocked off work last August 2d that they were supposed to be back September 21. But word got around there wouldn’t be much doing that day and there was no real need to return before the following Monday. "Just Courtesy Telegram.” Then along came the Rayburn McCormack summons. “Just a courtesy telegram,” was the way Representative Cox, Dem ocrat, of Georgia, described it. Mr. Cox has been acting Speaker at token sessions twice a week during the vacation. Some Southern Democrats won dered whether there might be a maneuver to ram through the House a bill creating a permanent Fair Employment Practices Com mission to combat racial discrim ination in the hiring of workers. But other members said the party leadership couldn’t afford to run any trick plays with that bill. Miners'Walkout Due Tomorrow; Steel Talks Set Most of 480,000 Expected to Quit In Pension Tieup By the Associated Press The crisis in American industry suddenly switched from basic metal to basic fuel yesterday, with a Nationwide walkout in th® coal fields this week a virtual cer tainty. Most of the Nation's 480,000 miners appeared ready to quit I the pits due to suspension of pension and other benefit pay ments. Work stoppage already is under way in the West. Some United Mine Workers locals in the East and Midwest voted against reporting for work to morrow. No-work sentiment spread rap idly over the far-flung coal fields —both bituminous and anthra cite—and one UMW official who refused to be named declared: “There’ll be darned few miners in the pits Monday.” No Word From Lewis. There was no word on this from UMW President John L. Lewis. UMW leaders said officially only that they were handing down to the miners Mr. Lewis’ telegram suspending payments under UMW’s controversial welfare fund. Meanwhile, Philip Murray, pres ident of the CIO United Steel workers, issued a new statement in Pittsburgh reiterating his posi tion that the steel industry is “trying to force a strike on ths Nation.” The statement came as the Government planned to inter vene in the bitter dispute and stave off a strike of nearly a mil lion steelworkers on September 25. Management and union will sit down with mediation officials in Washington tomorrow to discuss the pension and insurance war which has snagged contract ne gotiations. This brightened at least for the moment hopes-for a peaceful settlement. The union has insisted on in dustry’s acceptance of a presi dential board’s insurance-pension peace recommendations before re sumption of bargaining. Industry objects to financing the benefit programs and wants to negotiate without committing itself. The presidential strike truce expires September 25. Murray Repeats Accusation. The union accepted the media tion service invitation and steel is expected to be on hand also. In land Steel in Chicago said it will ! attend but “The only issue we will | discuss is how to return the steel dispute to bargaining at company ; levels.” Mr. Murray’s statement said that official records filed by tho steel companies with the Securi ties and Exchange Commission show that the (insurance-pension) matter becomes one of principle only where the steelworker is con cerned, because officials of the steel industry wittreceive very substan tial pensions entirely paid for by industry.” Mr. Murray said that in a score, of telegrams received in response to his request that the companies bargain on the basis of the presi dential board report, “this so called matter of principle is re peatedly raised." He added: “Companies are trying to tag the board’s recommendations as a ‘loss of freedom for the workers,’ ‘socialism,’ and in fact, any other of a dozen derogatory terms.” Mr. Murray’s statement said United States Steel’s board chair (Continued on Page A-8, Col. 1.) Lord Tedder, Chief,of RAF, Due Here Today for Tour Air Marshal Lord Tedder, chief of staff of the British Royal Air Force, was scheduled to arrive at National Airport at 11:30 a.m. today for an inspection of United States Air Force installations. He will visit this country en route to Canada and remain here for approximately three weeks, the Air Force said. It added that Gen. Hoyt C. Van denberg, Air Force chief of staff, extended the invitation to Lord Tedder to inspect air installations here. The Star Is the People's Market Place # Classified Advertising Sunday, Sept. 11,1949 THE STAR 6,303 Ads 40,330 Lines The Two Other Washington Sunday Papers Combined 2,931 Ads 28,951 Lines Last Sunday The Star car ried more than twice as many individual classified ads as the two other Washington Sunday papers combined. In almost every instance if you are listed in the phone book you can place your Star classified ad by telephone. Just call STerling 5000.