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Bunny and pleasant today with high in middle 70s. Cloudy, not so cool tonight with low near 60. Tomorrow partly cloudy. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 67 6 a.m. --_52 11 a.m_65 2 a.m-57 8 a.m_53 Noon_67 4 ajn. —53 10 a.m. __-61 1 p.m. _.-69 _Lote New York Markets, Page A-13. Guide for Readers rue Amusements - A-18 Classified-C-4-9 Comics_C-10-11 Editorial _A-8 Editorial Articles A-9 Finance _A-13 Pace Lost and Found, A-3 Obituary _A-10 Radio _C-ll Sports .C-l-3 Women’s Section_B-3-6 An Associated Press Newspaper 97th Year. No. 259. Phone ST. 5000 ** WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1949—FIFTY-TWO PAGES. City Rome Delivery, Dally and Sunday, #1.20 a Month; when 6 ■» /rywxTrnO Sunday*, *1.30. Night Pinal Edition, SI.30 and *1.40 per Month. O JliJN 1 O Truman Asks Steel Strike Delay Of Six Days, Calls on Both Sides To Resume Bargaining at Once __ A.....—_______ .. _ . _ Ching Optimistic; Bethlehem Ready To Reopen Talks By James Y.^Newton President Truman today re quested a new six-day postpone ment of the Nation-wide steel strike set for Saturday midnight and asked the CIO-United Steel Workers and the major steel producers to resume collective bargaining on a new contract im mediately. Mr. Truman’s requests were re ceived by union and company representatives participating in a mediation session with Cyrus S. Ching, Federal conciliation chief, who had visited the White House two hours before. After his visit, Mr. Ching had told reporters he was optimistic over the chances of averting a' strike. One new hope also had come a short time earlier when ene of the major producers, Beth lehem Steel, said it is willing to “give consideration” to the pension and insurance recommendations of the President’s fact-finding board. Philip Murray, president of the steel workers, said the union’s re ply to Mr. Truman’s request will be decided on at the union’s Policy Committee meeting in Pittsburgh tomorrow. The big steel companies said'the President would have their answer to his proposal within 24 hours. noth sides May Heed Appeal. Federal officials believed that both sides would heed Mr. Tru man’s appeal to call off the big strike which threatens,to cripple the Nation’s economy. The letter from Mr. Truman ad dressed to the steel disputants in care of Mr. Chin? marked the third time that he has intervened m the dispute over pensions and social Insurance arrangements for the steel workers, which the union insists must be supported entirely by the employers. In mid-July Mr. Truman ob tained a 60-day strike truce b| ap pointing a fact-finding board to study the issues in dispute. A week ago, he obtained a 10-day delay in the strike. That dead line expires at midnight Saturday. In his letter, the President said Mr. Ching informed him that it was highly unlikely the union could reach agreement with the industry on the pension-insurance j issue before the strike deadline.' Reiterates Support of Board. The President’s fact-finding hoard, ruling out a fourth-round wage increase for the steel work ers, recommended that the com panies should grant 10 cents per hour per worker for pensions and social insurance, 6 cents of which was to support retirement pay ments to which the workers would contribute nothing. Mr. Truman reiterated that the board’s recommendation was a fair one wihch had been acclaimed as such by the entire country. He told the steel makers and Mr. Murray’s union that they should resume collective bargain ing immediately, using the board’s pension and insurance suggestions as a basis for arriving at a new contract. He said he saw no rea son why such an agreement could not be worked out. Deadline Would Be September 30. If the union and the companies accept Mr. Truman’s suggestion the strike deadline would be post poned until midnight September 30. The President said that since the issuance of the board’s report 10 days ago he had made a thor ough study of the document and found it to be a very fair report. Mr. Ching has been attempting (See STEEL, Page A-3.) Seldin Chapin Appointed Envoy to Netherlands By the Associated Press President Truman today nom inated Selden Chapin, State De partment career officer, to be Am bassador to the Netherlands. Mr. Chapin was named to suc ceed Dr. Herman Baruch, who re signed recently. The retiring Ambassador, broth er of Bernard M. Baruch, said in a recent call on the President that he felt that at the age of 77 he should avoid spending another wilder in the cold Netherlands. Mr. Chapin, 50, is a native of Erie, Pa. He has been serving as an adviser to Secretary of State Acheson since he was brought back from Hungary early this year. His recall from Budapest was demand ed by the Communist Hungarian government after he was named in testimony at the trial of Cardi nal Mindszenty. The churchman was accused of plotting with for eigners against the Red regime in Hungary. Mr. Chapin denied being in volved, and was backed by Mr Acheson. A 1919 graduate of the Nava! Academy. Mr. Chapin served it the Navy until 1925 when he en • tered the Foreign service. ft Worth Testifies B-36 Memo Was Prepared for Glenn Martin Says He Understood Rumors as Well as Facts Were Wanted; Crommelin Denies Part in It By Robert K. Walsh Cedric R. Worth, suspended civilian assistant to Undersecre tary of the Navy Kimball, declared jat a naval court of inquiry today that his memorandum criticizing the Air Force’s B-36 bomber pro gram originated largely from his “clear understanding’’ that Glenn L. Martin, Baltimore aircraft manufacturer, wanted such a com pilation of “rumors” as well as facts to give to Senator Tydings, Democrat, of Maryland. Mr. Worth, whose memorandum set off a House committee investi gation last month, took the stand as the three-admiral court re sumed hearings following a recess since September 9. The court seeks to determine whether any Navy employes besides Mr. Worth prepared the document. Before Mr. Worth testified, Navy Capt. John Crommelin pre dicted that Mr. Worth would be “vindicated in the eyes of the American public.” Capt. Crommelin, in a state ment published September 11, ac cused top military leaders of wrecking the Navy’s striking pow er. His testimony today consisted principally of a denial that he had a hand in preparing the docu ment. although he said that last May he discussed with Mr. Worth the advisability of giving some such material to members of Congress and the press. Mr. Worth today stood by his House committee testimony that | he alone prepared the document jthat hinted at politics and other ! irregularities in the B-36 buying ! program. He declared that he I “endeavored hard not to give it , to any one in the naval service or ■tell them what I was doing.” He gave copies, he said, to Mr. Martin, Representatives Deane, Democrat, of North Carolina, and Van Zajidt, Republican, of Penn sylvania, and Senator Bridges, Re publican, of New Hampshire. He added that he gave an extra copy to Mr. Deane to be sent to Chair man Vinson of the House Armed Services Committee, which later held the hearings. The witness began his story by commenting that “almost every body I knew used to bring up the B-36 subject and the B-36 seemed to be used as a means of propa gating an idea, that is a concept of warfare.” He told of having met Harold Moser, Washington representative of Mr. Martin, for lunch last April 13 and of having conferred (See NAVY. Page~A^7T) Lewis Resumes Talks With Northern and Western Operators • Serious Negotiations Due After Pay-Up Ultimatum To Southern Group ly the Associated Prass WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS. W. Va., Sept. 21.—John L. Lewis turned to vital contract talks with Northern and Western coal opera tors today after serving a blunt “pay-up” ultimatum to Southern mine owners. As coal pits across the Nation remained idle for the third straight day, Mr. Lewis’ United Mine Workers’ Union gave notice that it would not bargain further with the Southerners until the operators have paid up their roy alty contributions to the miners’ health and welfare fund. John Owen, UMW secretary treasurer, announced that stand! yesterday at Bluefied, W. Va., where the union has been holding contract talks i with the Southern operators. Mr. Lewis attended only the opening Southern negotiations at Bluefield last May. But he was on hand for the bargaining with Northern and Western owners— and for separate talks with rep resentatives of mines owned by the United States Steel Corp. Keal Bargaining Due. There were rumblings among the coal operators that the negotia tions should be broken off while' Mr. Lewis’ 480,000 soft and hard coal miners are out on strike. But few expected that issue to be pressed hard. Instead, most thought Mr. Lewis now would begin to bargain In earnest for a new contract to re place the one which expired June 30. There have been only sporadic meetings between the United Minej Workers and the operators since last May, with little real discus sion of contract terms. The miners walked off on their own hook last Monday, after the trustees of the miners’ welfare and retirement fund announced (See COAL, Page A-3.) Stassen Confers With Attlee LONDON, Sept. 21 (£*).—Harold E. Stassen, president of the,Uni versity of Pennsylvania, visited Prime Minister Attlee at No. 10 Downing Street today. Mr. Stas sen and Mr. Attlee conferred for a half hour. Freight Piles Up Here As Striking Drivers Picket 7 Truck Firms 200 Employes Quit Jobs To Bock Up Demand For 17-Cent Increase Freight began piling up in Dis trict terminals today as picket lines of striking truck drivers halted operations of seven of Washington's largest express and transfer companies. The freight terminal of the Pennsylvania Railroad, which also handles shipments into Washing ton for the Southern Railway, C. & O. and R. F. & P. Railroads, is making emergency plans to han dle shipments which roll into its yards at the rate of 50 carloads per day. Consignees of less than carload shipments are being notified that delivery service is temporarily sus pended, but that their freight can be picked up at the yards* if individual arrangements can be made with non-struck trucking firms. E ft O. Not Affected. The Baltimore & Ohio freight terminal was not affected by the strike because its contract trucker, the Jacobs Transfer & Storage Co., has an individual agreement^with the union. The terminal is mak ing arrangements to handle capa (See TRUCKERS. Page A-7.) Hurricane Warnings Up For Puerto Rican Area By fh« Associated Press MIAMI, Fla., Sept. 21.—Hurri cane warnings werfe ordered up in Puerto Rico today for a rapidly growing tropical disturbance re ported about 100 miles south southeast of St. Croix. The San Juan Weather Bureau ordered all interests in the Puerto Rican area to take immediate pre cautions against hurricane winds. An advisory issued at 10:30 a.m. reported winds of 60 miles per hour near the center of the dis turbance and said it was expected they would reach hurricane force in the next few hours. ^Northeast storm warnings also were ordered up for the Virgin Islands. The Weather Bureau said the small tropical storm developed during the night and “is believed to be increasing rapidly in inten sity." Downtown Signal Lights Fail, Tying Up Rush-Hour Traffic A series of traffic Jams devel oped around downtown intersec tions during the rush hour this morning when a defective relay in a key control panel at Thirteenth and E streets N.W. * threw the traffic light system out of order. Prom shortly before 8 o’clock until the circuit was repaired at 8:32, some lights “froze” and others began to flash red, green and yellow in rapid succession. The panel put out of commis sion is one of eight key control points for the District’s traffic light system. John Mitton. District traffic engineer, said police were pasted at main intersections in time to prevent any general traffic tieups. Meanwhile, repair crews located the trouble. , Thousands of Federal employes were from 15 minutes to half an hour late for work as a result of the traffic jams. The area affected extended along Pennsylvania and Constitution avenues from the vicinity of the White House to Union Station and the Capitol, and on downtown streets north of Pennsylvania avenue. The Potomac Electric Power Co. dispatched five emergency repair crews to locate the trouble when I notified by police shortly after 8 'o’clock. Laborites Face Crisis in Party On Devaluation Revolt Against Higher Prices Is Threatened By British Unions By th« Associated Press LONDON, Sept. 21.—Britain’s Labor government faced a political crisis in its own ranks today. Trade unions threatened to revolt against higher prices resulting from money devaluation. Outside Britain echoes of the slash in the British pound’s value continued to jolt the world’s mar kets. In all, 23 nations now have devalued. Belgium, with a cut of 12 per cent in the Belgian franc, and Portugal, with a 15 per cent cut in the value of the escudo in relation to the dollar, were the latest to join the devaluation parade. France proposed to Italy. Hol land and Belgium that the four countries act together to ease trade barriers and make then currencies freely lnterchangable. Cripps* Assurances Asked. The threat of a British political crisis was raised by the general council of the Trades Union Con gress, whose 8,000,000 members are the backbone of the ruling Labor Party. The TUC council—instead of indorsing government policy as it has in the past—decided last night it “could not pass on the necessity of devaluation.” It called for assurance from Sir Stafford Cripps, Britain’s economic chief, that the government would make every effort to limit price rises which will be sure to come from cheaper money. Observers regarded the TUC: reluctance to take a positive stand on devaluation, as evidence of a split in Labor's own ranks. Congress leaders so far have backed the government's wage freeze policy against heavy pres sure from their rank and file members who have been demand ing higher wages. Trades union ists expect the cheaper money to result in a rise in the cost of liv ing of at least 5 per cent in the next six or eight months. Labor Leaders on Spot. Now the TUC leaders are on the spot. Will they support the gov ernment in denying wage increases and run the risk of being tossed out of office by their own union members? Or will they finally go along for higher wages? Cripps has warned that wage increases will largely nullify the benefits of devaluation which is aimed at selling goods at cheaper prices in the United States? Many observers felt it gras doubtful the TUC leaders could hold out against rank-and-file pressure much longer. Prime Minister Attlee summoned his cabinet ministers to a meeting tomorrow to discuss the political crisis that has been piled on top of his government’s economic crisis. Concrete evidence of union dis satisfaction was a “go slow” move ment scheduled to begin at mid night tonight by the 50,000 work ers on the nationalized railways. The move was in protest against government denial of a $2 weekly wage boost demand. Labor Split Widening. Within the ranks of Britain’s transport workers the split was widening, apparently as a result of a new union appeal to end the slowdown. Workers in four London freight (See DEVALUATION, Page A-7J Stock, Commodity Prices Now Steadier By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Sept. 21.—Prices steadied in major commodity and stock markets today following a post-devaluation beating which started Monday. Reports from the Chicago grain pit indicated the selling which started after the British pound was marked down had just about run its course. Wheat, com and oats all showed small gains. In the New York Stock Ex change leading issues responded to a moderate rally with advances of a few cents to around $2 a share. Yesterday the market went into one of the steepest plunges of the year. A few bright rays in the labor picture were held ac countable for the rally. Cotton futures in New York moved up moderately. Coffee 'fu tures were strpng and quotations held steady in cocoa, sugar, rubber, wool and wool tops markets. Traders evidently felt that some of the selling inspired by devalua tion had been overdone. Devaluation Is Spreading House Back on Job, No Major Business Slated This Week Truman and Leaders Will Discuss Program At Conference Tomorrow ly the Auociatcd Prasl House members return today from a month's vacation, with enough unfinished business on | hand to keep them here the rest! of the year. They probably won’t stay that long. “Around November 1” is the target date of congressional lead ers for final adjournment. Leaders will discuss with Presi dent Truman tomorrow the legis lation that may be considered in the remainder of this session. Speaker Rayburn announced plans for the meeting on his re turn. He refused to predict when Congress will adjourn, but said that if it stays here until the first of November it should con sider expansion of the social se curity program. Refuses to List “Must" Bills. Legislation to broaden the so cial security coverage has been approved by the House Ways and Means Committee. Mr. Rayburn would not list any “must" bills for the rest of this year other than regular appro priation bills now pending. Despite messages sent to Demo cratic members last week by party leaders, the House doesn’t plan to transact any major business this week. Party spokesmen explained that the recall messages merely were intended to assure the pres ence of a quorum, 217 members. Republicans followed through with messages to their own mem bers reminding them that the re cess that started on August 26 ends at noon today and that Dem ocrats had been told to be on hand at that time. Priority for Fund Bills. While a dozen or more major bills are pending, appropriation bills furnishing* almost $20,000, 000,000 will have top priority. They finance the Military Estab lishment, the Interior Department, the Foreign Economic Recovery Program and some miscellaneous Federal agencies. Pending final congressional ac tion, those agencies are being financed on a temporary basis until October 1. Still another appropriation bill may be forthcoming to finance the foreign arms aid program already passed by the House and now be ing debated by the Senate, which took no summer recess except for a long Labor Day week end. The bill under debate in the Senate carries no funds for the arms pro gram. It merely gives it congres sional sanction. There is a chance that new labor legislation may be pushed in view of current developments in the coal and steel industries. Much of the President’s “must” legislation will be allowed to lie t.See HOUSE, Page A-4.) 'Live Type' Returns To Chicago Newspapers ly the Associated Press CHICAGO, Sept. 21.—Regular type returned to Chicago news papers today after 22 months of printing with photo-engraving of copy produced by typewriter-like machines. The old look of “live type* was resumed on several pages in the news sections of the Sun-Times and Tribune editions this morn ing. Since the end of their strike Sunday, many of the 1,500 AFL printers employed by the five Chi cago newspapers have been called back to work as composing rooms were made ready and typesetting machines put back in working condition. The printers received a flat $10 weekly pay increase. Bird Hitting Airliner Forces It to Land By the Auaciated Prut RENFREW, Scotland, Sept. 21. —A 7-ounce bird buzzed an 8-ton airplane today, and forced it down. The bird hit the windshield of a British European Airways’ pas senger liner on its takeoff. The pilot, fearing cracked glass would be blown into the cabin, landed for repairs. Active Suffrage Drive Is Urged at Finale Of Legislative Clinic Neely to Study Transcript For Decision on Action Senators Should Take By Don 5. Warren Chairman Neely of the Senate District Committee and witnesses in today’s session of the citizens’ clinic agreed that an active cam paign must be made if Washing ton is to obtain suffrage rights. It was the fifth session of the clinic. One witness, the Rev. John Wallace Rustin of the Mount Ver non Place Methodist Church, speaking for the Washington Fed eration of Churches, declared: “Washington never will be a good city until it has its own elected representatives to whom the citizens can carry their problems.” The round-table conferences were concluded shortly after noon. Senator Neely said he would study the transcript of the sessions and he hoped to decide in a week or 10 days what action the commit tee should take. He plans to call an early meeting of the group, he said. Senator Neely predicted again that Washington can achieve home rule and representation in Congress “if it will just do some-: thing about it, instead of only talking about it.” Concrete Action Suggested. He suggested that the League of Women Voters and other na tional organizations contact their units in other places over the country and put members of Con gress and candidates for Congress “on the spot” as to where they stand on suffrage for Washington. If this is done, he said, mem bers of Congress from not more than five congressional districts (Continued on Page A-7, Col. 4.) Queen's Car in Accident LONDON, Sept. 21 (JP).—A young woman learning to drive backed her car into Queen Mother Mary’s Mack Daimler sedan, at a traffic light yesterday. No one was hurt. The 82-year-old Queen Mary was being driven by her chauffeur. Senate Agrees 1o Vote On Foreign Arms Bill At 6 P.M. Tomorrow 4 i Knowland Sponsors New Move to Slash Funds For Western Europe By J. A. O'Leary The Senate agreed today to vote on the $1,314,010,000 foreign mili tary aid bill at 6 p.m. tomorrow, amid indications it will pass by a substantial majority. Meanwhile a new more to trim the fund for Western Europe was put forward by Senator Knowland, Republican, of California. He an nour.jed that If the proposal of Senator George, Democrat, of Georgia to cut Western Europe from $1,000,000,000 to $500,000, 000 tails, he will move to cut It to $800,000,000. The Senate may run late this , evening to let half a dozen mein , bers speak before deoate zj limited tomorrow. Majority Leader Lucas obtained the agreement under which all time starting at noon tomorrow will be equally divided between supporter; and opponents of the full amount. Promptly at 6 pan. voting will start on all amend ments and final passage without further debate. ueorge Takes Floor. Senator George took the floor this afternoon to defend his pro posed cut on the ground that the full amount should not be ap proved until the overall defense plans of the North Atlantic treaty nations are worked out by a joint defense committee. The administration program divides the North Atlantic funds equally, $500,000,000 in cash and a like amount in contract authority. Senator George wants to cut $200,000,000 from the cash and $300,000,000 from the contract authority. Senator Knowland said today he will support a reduction in the cash, but not the deeper cut in contract authority. Senator Knowland said he would support additional amounts in January if they appear necessary after the North Atlantic defense organization has made detailed plans. Although ' there are other ; amendments to be voted on, if the administration defeats the George motion there is little doubt ! it will head off any other major , changes. Other proposals awaiting ac tion would: Earmark part of the European fund for establishment of an in ternational police force—one of the unrealized dreams of the United Nations organization. Request the President to give special consideration to sections of the United States where un employment's high, in placing orders under" the bill. Pope Urges Films to End Stress On Divorce, Aid Family Unity I •y the Associated Press CASTEL GANDOLFO, Sept. 21. —Pope Pius XII has called on the cinema ^to devote itself to the services of family unity “rather than debase itself in intrigues of divorce and separation.” The Pontiff, addressing mem bers of the International Family Union received in special audience yesterday, urged press and radio, as well as films, to co-operate in defending the family. His address was made public today. Speaking in French, the Pontiff declared: “Of what aid could be the press, radio and cinema and how grave is their responsibility in regard to the family. “Should not the cinema, in effect, in place of debasing itself in intrigues of divorce and separa tion. place itself at the service of the unity of marriage, conjugal fidelity, the health of the family and the well-being of the hearth?” “The people feel the need of a better and higher conception of domestic life. The unexpected success of certain recent films are sufficient proof of that.” The Pope did not explain to what films he referred. The Pope defended the rights of the family against what he de scribed as “fallacious pretexts'* to place it under “full dependence of the state and public powers to make it serve ends that are foreign to it." ' The family, the Pontiff declared, “was established by God as a vital cell of society.” Its rights and duties are, he added, by that fact, “as old as humanity. They are in dependent of the> powers of tbg state, but if they are menaced this (the state) should protect and de fend them.” m Acheson at U. N. Says Cold War Can Be Settled Warns in Assembly That Solution Won't Be Quick or Easy By th« Associated Press NEW YORK, Sept. 21.—Secre tary of State Acheson today re affirmed his belief that East-West differences can be ended peace fully, but warned that a solution will not be quick or easy. In a solemn American policy speech before the United Nations Assembly, Mr. Acheson promised the 59 national delegations the United States is ready to do its part. As expected, his tone was conciliatory. His declaration blamed Russia for the “profound sense of inse curity” which he said has envel oped large areas of the world and has led to such steps as the for mation of the North Atlantic al liance. Pledges U. S. Support. It is the main task of the As sembly, he said, to try to solve the problems which lay behind the cold war. “I pledge for the United States unreserved support and devotion to a concerted effort to this end,’* he said. Mr. Acheson made no direct appeal to Russia for a general settlement, but did call for Soviet co-operation on several specific problems such as the Balkan dis pute and Korea. Mr. Acheson said this session of the Assembly, comes at a time when the main postwar adjust ments have been completed and it is possible to see with more clarity what the real problems are. Some of them, he said, “are of a terrible seriousness,” and he added: “They are too deeply rooted, in many instances, to be rapidly overcome by persuasion or com promise or by isolated diplomatic gestures. “Any people,j|>ecoming aware of the depth of these problems, des | pair of their solution by peaceful S means. We have never shared (this feeling and we do not share lit today.” Major Issues Listed. i He listed the major issues as the Balkan problem. Korea. Pal estine, Italy’s African colonies, economic development of back ward areas, violations of human rights in Communist-dominated countries, atomic control and arms regulations. “In the charter,” he said, “we pledged ourselves to settle our problems by peaceful means, and to build up conditions essential for peace. Disregarding these obligations, a small group has persisted in policies threatening other members of the interna tional community.” Mr. Acheson then called on the Assembly to “make its contribu tion” to the solution of “the great problems pressing upon the na tions of the world today.” "Let us proceed,” he said, “with appreciation of the limits of what we can expect to accomplish at this time, with confidence in the long-term values of patience and with reliance upon the power of common sense in international af fairs. The public interest of the world community demands that we get on with our business.” Security Universal Problem. Mr. Acheson stressed the point that “in the final analysis, the security problem is a universal problem.” A source close to th^j Secretary of State said he meant that regional pacts such as the Atlantic treaty' were expedients and that the United States hoped to avoid further regional pacts. On specific issues, Mr. Acheson expressed these views: Balkans—A hope that Russia would join in renewed consulata- * tions looking toward a settlement. Korea—Called on the Assembly to extend the life of the U. N. Korean commission and give It powers to keep watch on Com munsit incursions across the (See U. N., Page A-4.) The Star Is the People's Market Place’ Miscellaneous For Sale ^ Classified Ads Published First 8 Months 1949 THE STAB 92,683 Ads The Three Other Washington Newspapers Combined 79,692 Ads During the first 8 months of 19i9 The Star carried 13,991 more Miscellaneous For Sale classified ads than the other three • Washington papers combined. If yuu want to buy, trade or sell you will find that the people’s market place is the Classified Ad 8ection of THB STAR. Phone Sterling 5000.