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Mostly cloudy, high near 76 today. Possible shower this evening. Mostly cloudy to night; low, 64. Tomorrow partly cloudy; high, 76. (Full report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 67 6 a.m. —64 11 a.m. —71 2 a.m. ___67 8 a.m. „_64 Noon-73 4 a.m. _-_66 10 a.m. ---68 1 p. m-76 Late New York Markets, Page A-19. Guide for Readers rase j After Dark-B-19 Amusements -B-18 Comics-C-10-11 Editorial -A-10 Edit'l Articles, A-11 Finance -A-19 Food Page-A-21 Obituary _A-12 Radio -C-ll Sports_C-l-3 Women's Section _B-3-6 An Associated Press Newspaper_ 97th Year. No. 274. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 6, l&O-SIXTY-UOUR PAGES. City Home Dell»ery, Dally and Sunday, Sl.zo a Monm, wnen o 5 IJJjjJN ± Q Sundaya, *1.30. Night Final Edition. *1.30 and *1.40 per Month. ” ^ Navy Suspends Capt.Crommelin; Formal Charges Being Prepared; Matthews Criticizes His Actions Flyer Restricted To Home After He Bares Letters By John A. Giles The Navy today suspended Capt. John G. Crommelin, outspoken critic of unification, from duty and restricted him to his home pending preferment of charges against him. The action came swiftly efi the heels of Capt, Crommelin's disclo sure last night that he had passed to reporters “'confidential” official correspondence in which three top admirals noted concern about Navy morale and the Navy’s posi tion in the unified defense setup. The Navy announcement of the 46-year-old flyer’s suspension said: ‘ By direction of Secretary of Navy Matthews. Admiral Denfeld (the Chief of Naval Operations) has taken steps to have appro priate charges placed against Capt. Crommelin. Pending preferment of the charges, Capt. Crommelin has been suspended from duty." Called to Admiral’s Office. While the .formal department announcement did not mention restriction to his home, Capt. Crommelin told reporters that Vice Admiral John D. Price, vice chief of naval operations, had imposed that restriction when he informed him of the Navy's sus pension order. Capt. Crommelin said in a statement last night that he re leased the letters in “'the interest of national security." He asked that his name be kept secret at the time, he said, because he did not want the attention of the people, who, he said, would be the final judge in the controversy, to be directed “from the true Import of these documents.” The material consisted of a let ter to Mr. Matthew's from Vice Admiral Gerald F. Bogan and in dorsements by Admirals Arthur W. Radford, Pacific Fleet com mander, and Admiral Denfeld. When Capt. Crommelin arrived at his office this morning, an aide informed him that Admiral Price “wants to see you immediately.” May Question Classification. A few moments later Capt. Crommelin emerged to announce to assembled reporters that “I have been suspended from duty (in the aviation's war plans divi sion) and confined to my home.” Indicating that he anticipated a court-martial, Capt. Crommelin told reporters that a close friend, Capt. J. L. Kane, chief of naval aviation plans, would be his at torney. Under Navy procedure, the of fice of the Inspector General will make an investigation and recom mend action. Rear Admiral H. R. McCann is Inspector General. If the Inspector General’s office finds that Capt. Crommelin has violated Navy regulations it could recommend trial by court-martial. The captain indicated that his defense might be that the cor respondence was not properly classified “confidential.” He pointed out that a dispatch from Mr. Matthews on September 16 to all Navy commands that their opinions on unification be sent to him had actually been declassified and released to the press. Regulation Cited. When a reporter suggested that Capt. Crommelin takes the posi tion that “declassification of the Secretary's order automatically changed the classification of the replies and made it all right to release them to the public,” Capt. Crommelin replied: “Well, it would not be auto matic, but it would be common sense.” There has been some discussion in Navy circles as to whether the material Capt. Crommelin “leaked” to the press was properly classified. Navy regulations state that “information and material the unauthorized disclosure of which would be prejudicial to the inter ests of the Nation or would cause (See CROMMELIN, Page A-4.T Reporters Fair, Truman Says at 200th Conference President Truman today held his 200th news conference in 234 ■weeks in office, and he told re porters that they were giving him fair treatment. When he mentioned the occa sion, a reporter asked if he had any thoughts in connection with it that he'd like to express. The President responded that he liked press conferences and he always tried to answer the questions propounded and if he couldn’t answer to say so. Asked if he didn’t get “annoyed at us at times,” Mr. Truman said no, he gets annoyed at the re porters’ bosses sometimes but he thinks those covering the hews try to be fair. Crommelin Called AP Reporter, Arranged Release of Letters Captain Asked Delay in Publication to Give Him Time to Get Back in Uniform By th* Associated Pre*» Here is the story of how Capt. John G. Crommelin made avail able to the Associated Press on Monday copies of letters from three top admirals to Secretary of the Navy Matthews. Capt. Crommelin called an AP reporter whom he knew and said he wanted to see him immediately about a big story. Asked whether! it was his resignation from the Navy—he had suggested he might resign—Capt. Crommelin said it was bigger than that. The reporter, off duty and at home miles away, told Capt. Crommelin he couldn’t meet him right away but would get someone else to meet the captain. He offered to call Capt. Crommelin back. Capt. Crommelin vetoed that suggestion and said that instead he would call the reporter again in 10 minutes. He called back in less than five and was told the name of another AP reporter who would meet him. Capt. Crommelin then directed that the reporter meet him at 2 p.m. near the elevator on the fifth floor of the National Press Build ing. This turned out to be the reception room of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. Thinking he was in the wrong place, the reporter was about to leave when the captain entered through a rear door opening onto a stairway. Leading the way, Capt. Crom- i melin took the reporter back to the stairway and asked his name.; Then he asked for identification. Satisfied, he pulled out the letters. Capt. Crommelin specified (1>j that his name not be used and (2» that the letters not be pub lished before 7 p.m. He said, others had agreed to those stipu-! lations. The AP reporter agreed to these specific requests. Capt. Crommelin wore civilian clothes. He mentioned, presum-1 ably by way of explaining why he; wanted publication delayed, that he had to get back into uniform. This was not further clarified. The reporter walked back through the FDIC lobby. Capt. Crommelin remained at the stair way. The Star learned today that when Capt. Crommelin issued his statement last night assuming responsibility for release of the letters, he gave it to the United Press alone. He declined any statement to the Associated Press, either in confirmation or denial, until this morning when sum moned to the Navy inspector gen eral's office. 'Energetic Protest' Made on Red Abuse ol Straying Americans (J. S. Note Assails Recent Arrests and Treatment By Officials in Germany By Garnett D. Horner The United States today made “the most energtic protest” to the Soviet government against mis treatment of American citizens who stray into the Russian zone of Germany. The protest referred particu larly to the recent detention for nearly two months of two Ameri can students who “innocently” entered the Soviet zone, and to the case of an American soldier who escaped last month from the Russian zone after 10 months im prisonment. “There can be no justification for this kind of treatment of citizens of a friendly nation,” Rus sia was told. A formal note delivered to the Soviet Foreign Office in Moscow added that “the United States raises the most energetic protest against such actions by the Soviet authorities in Germany, and ex j pects that those Soviet officials who are responsible for these acts will be punished.” For the future, the note in formed Moscow that the United States “insists that the elementary rights of its citizens be observed” in accordance with civilized inter national conduct. The two youths referred to in the note were Warren J. Oelsner and Peter H. Sellers, who were under arrest in the Soviet zone (See RUSSIA, Page A^-5.) Startling Data on Economics Promised by Truman President Truman today pro mised reporters some figures that would startle them on accomplish ments in the way of Government economy. His news conference statement was prompted by a question as to whether economies announced in the Defense Department recently would be extended to other agen cies. Arms Aid Bill Signed By Truman as Step To World Security President Says Action Was Needed Because of Unsettled Conditions •y th« Associated Pr«s» President Truman today signed the SL314,010,000 arms aid bill,: calling it “a notable contribution to the collective security of the free nations of the world.” The legislation authorizes Amer ican arms for 14 countries in Western Europe, the Middle East and the Far Pacific to help them resist Communism. In a statement at the signing ceremony at the White House, Mr. Truman said: “This act is necessary only be cause of the unsettled conditions of the world today which we. in concert with many other nations, are striving to overcome. Truman Sure of Success. “It is my belief that we shall be successful in these efforts to achieve international understand ing and to establish, in accord ance with our national policy, ef fective international control and reduction of armaments, through the United Nations.” Legislators who helped push the measure through Congress attended the ceremony at the I White House. I Eight of the countries author I ized to get American weapons and I military supplies are European partners in the North Atlantic pact, whose 12-member Defense Committee last night set up ma chinery to draft strategy for any future attack. . At a Pentagon session of more than five hours the defense group organized a military committee of top professional strategists which was called into its first session this (See ARMS, Page A-4.) Sir Adam Maitland Dies LONDON, Oct. 6 UP).—Sir Adam Maitland, 64, industrialist and Conservative member of Parliament for Faversham, Kent, from 1928 until 1943, died last night. He was chairman of Berry Hill Collieries, Ltd., and Berry Hill Brickworks. Meat Prices Take New Drop; Wholesale Food Costs Decline Meat prices in many Wash | ington area stores took another drop today, ranging between 2 and 10 cents a pound lower than ; last week, as wholesale food prices dipped to their lowest level since just before the final days of OPA. Beef joined the price-decline parade today after holding steady for several weeks. The trade attributed this to ef forts to match declining pork prices of the last month. One large chain store listed these changes in its beef cuts for the week end: Round steak, 95 to 79 cents a pound: sirloin steak, 89 to 79 cents, and porterhouse steak, 98 to 89 cents. A second food chain posted the following changes in beef prices: Sirloin, 89 to 85 cents; round steak, 93 to 87 cents; porterhouse, 93 to 85 cents; chuck roast, 57 to 55 cents, and rib roast, 73 to 69 cents. One retail food source warned that reports from the big market ing centers indicated higher wholesale prices for beef next week. He said this would almost certainly mean higher retail prices, too. Typical of the declines were these pork prices from a chain store: rib end pork roast, 49 to 45 cents a pound; whole or half loin roast, 59 to 55 cents; end cut pork chops, 55 to 49 cents; center cut chopfc, 79 to 69 cents; pork sausage, 45 to 39 cents. Wholesale food prices as a whole, according to the Dun & Bradstreet food index, were at their lowest level since just before the last OPA controls on livestock and meat were removed three years ago this month, 1 Secretary First Witness as House Inquiry Opens By Chris Mathisen Secretary of the Navy Matthews today denounced "a few1 individu als" in the Navy who, he said, have continued to wage a sur reptitious fight against armed forces unification, despite congres sional and presidential approval of the principle of a unified defense setup. Appearing before the House Armed Services Committee as the first witness in the committee's broad inquiry into defense plan ning, Mr. Matthews insisted that Navy morale is good, except for some "impairment" among naval aviators as a result of postwar contraction in the size of their service. He made specific mention of public utterances by Capt. John G. Crommelin and publication of a letter from Vice Admiral Gerald Bogan, now commanding the a cific 1st Task Fleet. Faithlessness Charged. Secretary Matthews, in effect, accused Capt. Crommelin of dis loyalty, faithlessness and insubor dination. As the Secretary testified, Pres ident Truman told a news confer ence he has instructed Mr. Mat thews to get to the bottom of the controversy swirling about charges that the Navy is not being given a fair deal in present military un ification policies. Both Capt. Crommelin and Ad miral Bogan have served in naval aviation. The former was ordered restricted to his home today and placed under suspension, pending preferment of charges arising from his admitted release to the press of copies of Admiral Bogan's letter, which complained-that de emphasis of the Navy in defense planning had had a disastrous ef fect on morale of the service. Admiral Bogan was among the group of high-ranking Navy offi cers expected to testify before the House committee In w*hat Chair man Vinson said would oe an ef fort to “get to the bottom of this unrest and concern in the Navy.” Effect of Action Mentioned. Of Admiral Bogan and Capt. Crommelin, Mr. Matthews said he found little difference in their present views from those they gave a congressional committee in 1047 when they opposed unification legislation. “The spectacle of distinguished naval aviators, holding high office in the Navy, denouncing a law offered to the Congress by the President of the United States and twice overwhelmingly approved by the Congress could hardly be ex pected to be utterly w ithout effect upon some members of the Navy personnel among whom they are numbered,” he told the committee. “However, the fact that they have seen fit in the exercise of their discretion to speak out so sensationally and in such an un Navy-like manner against a law which they can be rightly expected to support does not in any sense justify a conclusion that the morale of that portion of the Navy personnel which is not involved in their forensic maneuvers is all shot to pieces—in my opinion they do not reflect the views of any thing approaching a majority of naval officers.” Leter to Vinson Recalled. Mr. Matthews recalled that he had sent Mr. Vinson a letter last July commenting on some of the matters now to be considered by the committee in opening hearing. As to whether the Air Force is concentrating upon strategic bombing to an undesirable extent with respect to overall defense planning, Mr. Matthews said: “I stated in my letter that in the opinion of the Navy the Air Force, as projected in its 1950 forces, was unbalanced in favor of strategic bombing.” The Navy head began his pre (See NAVY, Page A-5.) Full Army Integration Of Negroes Truman’s Aim President Truman told his news conference today that he hoped for a thorough integration of Negroes into the Army. His response at a news con ference developed in a cross-ex change after he was asked if the Army’s plan for integration of Negro personnel “meets the re quirements of your executive or der on equality of opportunity” for the race. The President responded that the last report from the Secretary of Defense, which came from Army Secretary Gray, showed that this effort was making progress and that further advances could be looked for. You can’t do anything like that all at once, the President said. Then the question about com plete integration was put to him and he answered affirmatively. Justice Department Reported Probing Medical Association AMA Trustees Protest Use of 'Police Arm' In Anti-Trust Division's Investigation By the Associated Press | CHICAGO, Oct. 6.—Trustees of the American Medical Association said today that the AMA and 16 'State aDd county medical socie ties are being investigated by the Anti-Trust Division of the Jus tice Department. The Board of Trustees issued a statement “protesting the use of the police arm of the Government in a campaign to discredit Amer ican medicine and terrorize physi cians into abandoning their op position to compulsory health insurance.’’ j The board said that on Febru ary 10 the board room of the trustees in Chicago was broken into and records of the board were thoroughly searched. Dr. George F. Lull, secretary manager of the AMA, said "no ac cusations are made against the Department of Justice." But he called the incident one of "real significance in the chro- ; nology of events since the AMA decided to make a Nation-wide campaign against compulsory health insurance.” ! Dr. Lull said four FBI agents presently are engaged in search 'See AMA, Page A-4.) j Truman Says Party Acted on His Orders in Seeking Olds Support Boyle Sends Telegrams To Committeemen, State • Chiefs to Save Nomination President Truman said today the Democratic National Commit tee was acting on his instructions in seeking to enlist ‘‘back-home” support to save the nomination of Leland Olds for a third term cm the Federal Power Commission from threatened defeat in the Senate. At the same time, Mr. Truman gave a news conference a lecture on party discipline which he indi cated is involved in the Olds nom ination. He said party discipline is necessary if the Government is to function efficiently. The discussion and the Presi dent's remarks were prompted by a reporter wTho asked if it was a new departure in politics for Democratic National Chairman William M. Boyle, jr„ to send out telegrams to all committee mem bers and the chairmen and vice chairmen of State party organi zations asking their help in Mr. Olds' behalf. “People Want Olds.” Mr. Boyle’s telegram asked the national and State party leaders to make it their responsibility to see that Senators “are aware that the people wants Olds confirmed.” The party chairman acted after the Senate Commerce Committee voted 10 to 2 for rejecting the nomination. Five committee Democrats joined with as many Republicans in opposing the ap pointment and this forecast an uphill fight by the administration to get Senate approval. The vote may come Monday. Mr. Truman said the action taken by the Democratic National j Committee on his instructions was J customary and entirely proper. He j (See OLDS, Page A-4.) Tel Aviv Phone Threats Made Against U. N. Aides By th« Associated Press TEL AVTV,'''Israel, Oct. 6.— Anonymous threats were made by telephone today against United Nations representatives in Tel Aviv. A Hebrew-speaking caller tele phoned several newspapers and said persons who came within 100 yards of the United Nations rep resentatives “do so at the risk of their lives.’’ The caller said he represented Chasith Hamoledeth (Hebrew for Fatherland Front). The same or ganization took responsibility for the assassination of Count Folke Bemadotte, the United Nations Palestine mediator, according to typewritten slips received by for eign consulates in Jerusalem soon after the count’s murder last year. At that time Stern gang leaders strongly denied reports that Chasith Hamoledeth was a cover for a splinter group of the Stern organization. Bolling C-47 Believed Down in Mountains Of North Carolina 7 Men From District, 2 Gl Hitchhikers Aboard Missing Transport • Search for a C-47 transport missing with nine men aboard on :a flight from Bolling Air Force Base today centered on a moun tainous area north of Greenville, :s. C., after two farmers reported hearing a plane crash. Rain and poor visibility ham pered the work of air rescue and ; ground units searching for the missing plane. Units from Washington to Flor- ' Ida took to the air while State | police all along the possible route: of the plane were alerted and | civilian planes were urged to maintain a lookout for the miss ing two-engined transport. The plane was due at Brookley Air Force Base near Mobile, Ala., at 1:24 p.m. yesterday. It had left Bolling at 8:55 a.m. and carried fuel for nine hours, the base reported. Made No Radio Contact. A check of air bases along the transport's route showed that the plane made no radio contact after leaving the Washington area. Its last radio contact was with the Bolling control tower shortly after it took off. The tip that sent search units into the Carolina mountain areas came from two farmers who told a National Park Service forester they heard a plane crash on Mount Mitchell, N. C., between 10:30 and 11 a.m. yesterday. The (See PLANE, Page A-6.) Fog Causes Shipwreck LONDON, Oct. 6 (#).—'The first bad fog of the autumn blanketed Southern Britain and its sea lanes today. It caused the wreck of the 6.369-ton English motor freighter in the Scilly Isles and hampered air and highway traffic._ Hannegan Dies at 46; Ex-Party Chief and Postmaster General Missourian Had Big Role In Selection of Truman For Vice Presidency Robert E. Hannegan, 46, former Postmaster General and former chairman of the Demo cratic National Committee, died today at his home in St. Louis. Mr. Hannegan had been in ill health for some time, suffering from high blood pressure. His wife told reporters in St. Louis that his death resulted from a heart attack. He became ill last night and a doctor was called to the home early today. President Truman was “terribly distressed” to hear of Mr. Han negan's death, .White House Press ROBERT E. HANNEGAN. Secretary Charles G. Ross told reporters. The President sent a message of condolence to the family. Mr. Hannegan, who directed the Democratic Party's 1944 presi dential campaign, resigned as Postmaster General in November, 1947, to head a syndicate buying the St. Louis Cardinals in one of baseball’s biggest deals. He sold his interest in the baseball club last winter. A large man and an affable and fluent lawyer,- Mr. Hannegan played an important and vital role in the Roosevelt campaign for a (See HANNEGAN, Page A-6.) Moon Eclipse Due Tonight, But Skies May Be Cloudy The shiny face of the moon will be blotted out for an hour tonight at the tail end of an eclipse which, according to the Weather Bureau’s almanac, officially begins at 6:50 p.m. But there's not much point in peering skyward until an hour or so later, when the moon wiy un dergo a small blush. At about 9:20 p.m. the moon will retire behind total darkness and not show its face until 10:33. The District forecast today is for a high of 76 with considerable cloudiness and only a possible shower this evening. Six Pupils Killed as School Bus Hits Truck on Narrow Bridge By the Associated Press MIDDLESEX, N. C„ Oct. 6.—A school bus packed with children collided with an ice truck today on a narrow bridge, killing at least 6 pupils and injuring 15. One of the injured was not ex pected to live. D. H. Bunn, jr., of Middlesex, said brambles and weeds overhung the dirt road at the site of the crash, obscuring vision. Mr. I Bunn, a member of a coroner’s jury, said about 70 pupils were aboard the bus, which had seats for 42. It was driven by Charles Bryant, a schoolboy living in the vicinity of the wreck. Books and lunch baskets littered the swamp-bordered roadside. Screaming children were scattered along the road. The highway patrol listed the dead as Judie Massey, Joanne Debnam, Carolyn Debnam and Shelby Jean Bryant, all of Zebu Ion, Route 1, and Robert Carter and Julian Bryant, both of Mid dlesex, Route 1. Most of the pupils were en route to Ferrells Grammar School, 1 mile from here and about 30 miles east of Raleigh. Families living in the neigh borhood picked up the injured and rushed them to doctors' of fices and hospitals over a wide area. Some of the injured were taken to hospitals at Rocky Mount and Wilson. The Rocky Mount hos pital said three of the children taken there died of .their injuries. Dodgers Score In Second,Lead Yankees, 1 to 0 Robinson's Double And Hodges' Single Push In First Tolly Lineup. DODGERS. YANKEES. Reese. «s. Rizzuto. ss. Jorgensen ;ib. Henrich. lb. Snider, cf. Bauer, rf. Robinson. 2b. Di Maggio, cf, Hermanski- Jf. L’ndell, If. Rack ley, rf. Johnson. .°»b Hodses. lb. Coleman, 2b. Campanella, c. Silvera, c. Roe. p. Raschi. p. Umpires — Messrs. Reardon *N. L »• plat? Passarella ‘A. L.), first base: Jordft fN. L ). second base: Hubbard <A. L.». third base; Barr <N. L. >. right field foul line, Hurley <A L>. left field foul line. By Burton Hawkins Star Stoff Correspondent YANKEE STADIUM. New York, Oct. 6.—The Brooklyn Dodgers took a l-to-0 lead over the Yan kees in the second inning here today. At the end of three innings in this second game of the World Series, the score was unchanged. Jackie Robinson, first man up in the second inning, started the Brooklyn attack with a double. He was driven home by Gil Hodges’ single. Brooklyn, trying to even up the series, sent Preacher Roe in to pitch against Vic Raschi of New York. Silvers Replaces Berra. Rain again threatened last night, but by this morning the sun had come out and the Weath er Bureau indicated that predicted showers might hold off until the game was over. Yankee Manager Casey Stengel, worried by the erratic throwing of Catcher Yogi Berra yesterday, replaced him with Charley Silvera. Carl Furillo of the Dodgers, in jured last week but who played in the first game, was held out today and was replaced by Mart Rackley. FIRST INNING. DODGERS—R e e s e flied to Lindell. Jorgensen grounded to Henrich. Rizzuto whipped oat Snider. YANKEES—R i z z u t o singled sharply to left. Henrich flied to Hermanski near the right field foul line. Robinson went to the right field foul line for Bauer’s short fly. Di Maggio flied deep to Snider. SECOND INNING. DODGERS—Robinson lashed a double down the left-field line. Hermanski fouled to Coleman be hind first base, Robinson taking third after the catch when Cole man slipped and fell on the muddy turf. Johnson took Rackley’s slow roller and threw him out, Robin rsee SERIES, Page A-5.) VA Insists Dividends Wait Till January The Veterans Administration said today there is no possibility that any checks in payment of the special National Service Life Insurance dividend will be mailed before January, 1950. Harold W. Breining, assistant administrator for insurance, said that reports published yesterday that checks must start going out before Christmas, were “absolutely without foundation.” "The real fact is” Mr. Breining said, “that we are even working overtime in an effort to get these dividend checks to the veterans entitled to them according to our present schedule which calls for the first checks to be dispatched sometime around the middle of January.” An estimated 16,000,000 veter ans and servicemen are entitled to a share of the $2,800,000,000 dividend fund. Once payments start, checks are expected to go into the mails at the rate of 200, 000 per working day. More than 12,000,000 applications for divi dend payments have been received. Late News Bulletin D. C. Crime Probe Backed A resolution providing for a sweeping investigation by the House District Committee of crimes in the District and the action taken by Federal and District officials to solve them was approved today by the House Rules Committee. The measure, requiring approval only by the House, was intro duced by Representative Davis, Democrat, of Georgia. Rent Your House Through a Star Classified Ad Over 1,700 more individual “Unfurnished Houses for Rent” classified ads were carried in The Star during the first nine months of this year than in the three other Washington news papers combined. The proof is in the using. Such confidence comes from people who know that results art a matter of course when they place a classified ad in Washington’s leading classi fied medium — THE STAR, Phone Sterling 5000.