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Russia Seeks to Solidify Grip While Steering Cleat of War By th« Associated Press In the manner of an elephant trying to walk, on eggs, Soviet Russia appears today to be es saying a careful, mincing course —maneuvering away from a new ; world war but intent on solidify ing her grip on what she deems her slice of the world. Some observers feel that Rus sia, even with atomic knowledge in her possession, is frightened. But in the Soviet view, some things must be achieved regard less of the risk. Unquestionably the Soviet Union feels it must at all costs stamp out Marshal Tito of Yugo slavia and the Titoism he stands for. The U. S. S. R. suffers pain fully from the nose-thumbing of the little rebel in Belgrade. For Russia he is a dangerous symbol of successful defiance. Unquestionably the Soviet Union feels it must reassert the principle that Communists all over the world owe allegiance only to "the great motherland of the proletarian revolution.” Unquestionably the Soviet Union must try to digest the expansion it has achieved through its own brand of imperialism. Revolution Mill unfinished. Unquestionably the Soviet Union has a long road to travel at home. It is far from a standard of liv ing remotely comparable to that of the United States, far from a production capacity comparable to the United States, and even more distant from the completion of the Bolshevik revolution begun in 1917. Brooding under the shadow of the atom bomb, the Soviet press daily reflects nervousness. There is a chorus of “Peace, peace, peace!” Peace congresses have erupted everywhere Russian influ ence could support them. In coun terpoint is the monotonous round of proclamations that Russia alone won the war against fas cism, that Russia alone saved mankind. A nation, like an indi vidual, cannot be magnanimous if it is in fear. Like an individual, it is prone to blustering and breast beating. Russia is a nation beset by prob lems, all of them pregnant with danger to a land just emerged, tired and ravaged, from a bloody conflict, and in no condition to get into another on that scale. The outstanding problems might be listed like this: I.—The Atom. The Soviet Union, now ac knowledged by most observers as a possessor of an atom bomb, is preparing a new proposal on atomic controls for the United Na tions Security Cotmcil at Lake Success Tuesday. Some observers feel Russia Is convinced she would be the loser in atomic warfare as matters stand today, and is anxious to find some area of agreement with the West on atom control. Western diplomats suspect the Russians have a spectacular move up their sleeve, tied to the Soviet demand for a ban on atom weapons. Or the forthcoming Soviet proposal could cloak other Soviet moves. Up to now Russia has insisted that atom control and arms limi tations be tied together. She has opposed the idea of a census of arms which would exclude the atom bomb. Recent indications have been that she is still adamant against the majority - backed American plan for controls, mean ing international control without the obstruction of the big power veto. The United States has made it clear the American position will be unchanged. II—Tito. The burning questions are these: How far is Russia prepared to go to stamp out Tito? Might she not blunder into war in the Balkans out of sheer desperation? Already Russia has taken risky steps to stop Tito. She has risked her prestige by giving Tito the op portunity to sass the Kremlin. She has burst into the ranks of inter national communism and split them asunder with trials and exe cutions in the satellite nations. She has thundered out the law to America s Piano 1 for 126 Years ; Chickcrin^ 5 Grand and Console Stylings Renowned since 1823 for its full rich tone ond lovely Ayfing, Chickering is America's oldest and most dis tinguished piano. It is an instrument that will be a focal point of interest, both from a musical and a decorative standpoint, and as such, a real investment in pleasure able and gracious living. Small Down Payment Easy Terms f--——Mail coupon for information-J | JORDAN'S—Corner 1 3th and G St*. N.W. ■ I Please send me full information on the Chickering j I and other pianos. J NAME...| .1 ADDRESS,. ......I L_„ .--------‘L PIANOS TO RENT the satellites, never sure whether she is being obeyed solely out of fear. She has made Tito a world symbol which some day might show its power in China. In order for the heads in the Kremlin to^rest easy again. Tito and Titoism must go. But the Russians gave no stronger evi dence of the respect in which they hold Tito’s home strength than in last summer’s Paris for eign ministers’ meeting. There they abandoned Yugoslavia’s claims on Austria. Had Tito been less strong, Yugoslavia would be just another country behind the curtain with a temporarily re bellions leadership. Claims on Austria still would be the claims, in the long view, of a Commu nist country within Russia's grasp. Tito still calls himself a better Marxist-Leninist than Stalin. In the view of some competent ob servers. Tito banks on the idea that Mao Tze-tung of China is a man of the same stamp—no puppet of Stalin in the long run. So Tito recognized Communist China. He was not following Russia’s lead, but was demon strating (1) that his is still a Communist nation, and (2) that he is Unafraid of what the fu ture in China will bring for his country. Ill—China. Mao Tze-tung has tied his wagon to the Soviet star, but a lot of ifs and buts spot the China picture. Associated Press Correspondent Seymour Topping reports from the Orient that the new Chinese Com munist government faces a long and bitter struggle to remain in power. Most of the 3,000.000 or so Chinese Communists and the army of 4.000,000 have little idea of what communism is all about outside of a few parrotted slogans. There has been no opportunity for screening out unreliables and subversives. The task of transforming China into a sovietized country is stag gering. It will involve new tax burdens on an improverished people. The United States alone could supply the economic aid to raise standards in fhe poverty stricken land, and MAO has burned that bridge behind him. The Chinese already have a- deep distrust oI the Russians, and be fore them is always Tito's ex ample. The Chinese, with their ancient social patters, are prone to form factions. As matters stand now, the chief Soviet gain in the Communist victory in China is a springboard for Communist expansion into Southern and Southeast Asia. Just the other day the Cominform Journal, authoritative voice of Moscow in the satellite states, I Ear *11 It Ctaaaos .New FermJnr at I BERLITZ lie Tear—French. Spanish, Italian. Ger man ar any ether lanrnate made easy hr the Berlitz Method—available only at the ! BERLITZ SCHOOL OF LANGUAGES R39 nth St. tat Rye). STerlinr »«ll# ! THtRl IS A BKRLTTZ SCHOOL IN BVZRY ^LAjD/Na^rri'^bji^fn^woRLi^jl noted this with a display of sat isfaction. But for decades.to come the twisted economy of the Chi nese will weigh heavily on Krem lin shoulders. IV—Greece. Russia may have to admit final defeat of communism in Greece. If she does not tolerate this blow to her prestige, she risks turning Greece into a battleground for a little world war. The Communist campaign to take over Greece has gone sour and Russia gives evidence of being unwilling to press the issue. Now the guerrilla regime, which has proclaimed a separatist gov ernment, is reported shifting forces from isolated Albania to Bulgaria. A number of inter j pretations could be placed on this. One is that the Greek civil war ; is being written off and the guerrillas based in Bulgaria are destined for a-campaign in Tito's Yugoslavia. By such infiltration, Russia could act against Yugo slavia directly- without giving the appearance of outright war. It would be an easy matter to ar range for any number of well armed "volunteers” to join such a guerrilla incursion. V—Germany. This is a big one. There is obvious fear among the pro-Stalin Germans of the East zone that Titoism will gain a foothold among the Germans, always given to factionalism. Recently a group of Russia-hating German commu nists—and there are many such —formed a splinter party and sent Tito a message of encourage ment. The group was small, claiming only 4,000 in the Soviet zone and 600 in Berlin, but it was a break in Communist ranks which could not be laughed off. There are reports of a sweep ing purge of the German Commu nist Party as the hand-picked Communist regime takes over. There is reported rebellion against Moscow over Germany’s Eastern boundaries. Poland wants to keep a big chunk of what was East Germany, and she has Soviet backing. The Communist regime faces a dismal prospect of a capital— Berlin—in which three "imperi alist” powers are unwelcome oc cupants. To try to force them out would bring renewal of the Allied counterblockade of East Germany, which pinched pain fully the last time. Diplomats in Washington are saying the Western powers, in a tough-talking, tough-acting mood, are considering adding their sec tors of Berlin to the West Ger man republic to counter the crea tion of the Communist East zone government proclaimed. Friday. VI—Austria. An almost wholly Catholic country, Austria is an island in a sea of "people's democracies.” The Austrians show little love for Communists, who face another crack at their prestige in today's Austrian elections. The Big Four may or may not agree on a treaty of Austrian in dependence. Technically, lack of a treaty means the Russians can maintain troops in Hungary and Romania for “communications" with Russian troops in the occu pation zone of Austria. However, nobody believes Russia needs a pretext for keeping troops in the satellite countries. Russia will agree to an Austrian treaty if and when it suits her convenience. VII—The Satellite States. The economy of nations like Hungary. Bulgaria, Albania. Po land and Romania is in bad shape. Many of their people are going along on bare subsistence levels. Rooted traditions of religion per sist to annoy the Soviet masters.! Russia desperately wanted this expansion westward because of her expressed fear of the “cordon sanilaire,” her fear of a ring of Iron about her. The satellites' are handy buffers. But a hard core of Communists, numerically tiny, holds them in line. The! bulk of the populations of these countries is unreliable and there is a good chance they would be as much a liability as an asset in any East-West military show dowm. VIII—The 'Church and State. The Catholic church remains one of Russia’s chief enemies and an excruciating thorn in the Buttery-rich and crommed with crispy, delicately flavored pe cans, this smooth Meadow Gold ice cream is a leading flavor favorite. In bulk and pint pack ages. Meadow Gold Ice Cream, At your Meadow Gold dealer’t . . . 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But Moscow cannot tol erate the church, which requires of its flock just as full a measure of allegiance as the Kremlin re quires of Communists. It repre sents a rallying point against communism. ia—me Home front. Notably, there has been no con vocation of an All-Union Congress of the Communist Party < Bol shevik i since Mauxh, 1939, when the 18th Congress was held. Nor mally, a Congress would have been held every three years, but the war intervened. The last congress came on a wave of peace slogans while Europe nervously awaited the blow that meant war. That congress also had the aim of healing wounds of the great purge of 1936 1938 when thousands of Com munists were executed or exiled in the war on Trotzkyites and similar “traitors.'’ It was just after that congress that the Rus sians signed the non-aggression pact with the Nazis which broke up a flimsy structure of the so called anti-Fascist Popular Front coalition in Europe. A new con gress might be a signal for big doings, but there has been no call, and there are some who wonder if the Politburo is afraid to call one. The recent publication of the 11th volume of Stalin’s works— words written, incidentally, in 1928-29—refreshed Russian mem ories of what Stalin called “the struggle for consolidation of the Bolshevik Party.’’ Make no mis take about it—that struggle still goes on. ■ ■■ mm m ■ ■■ | See and Hear H ■ the Superb ■ iWurlOzeri ■ ELECTRONIC ■ l ORGAN i 4 Magnificent Models A Size for Every Budget JORRAK'S Corner 13th end G Streetz STerlin; 9400 Haifa Oil Refineries To Resume Operation By the Associated Press HAIFA, Oct. 8.—Haifa's oil re fineries will begin operation within two days, the Associated Press was told today by G. W. Dicks, Haifa refineries manager. Mr. Dicks just returned from England after consultation with the company's headquarters in London. He said sufficient crude oil supplies now are available at Haifa for operation. Shipments of crude oil began flowing into Haifa in tankers from Venezuela during last month after the Israeli government and the British public charged in the press that Britain was losing dollars by failing to co-operate with Haifa refineries. The refineries had been closed down by the British management during the Arab invasion in April of last year and handed over to a local caretaking government. By order of the Israeli govern ment. they were operated for a few days in July last year by the local staff alone, working with crude oil stocks left behind in storage tanks. Since then the Haifa refineries—largest in« the mid-East—had been idle. Catholic Center To Meet The rights and problems of la bor will be discussed at St. Peter Claver Center at 8 p.m. tomorrow.! Edward Willock, magazine editor, will speak. The Catholic inter-! racial center is at 1513 U street N.W. ADVERTISEMENT._ Slightly Deafened? 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