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Soviet Bloc Asks U. N.
To Reject Tito Bid for Security Council Seat fcy th« Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS! Oct. 14.— Russia and her satellites have appealed to United Nations mem bers to' oppose Yugoslavia's bid for a seat on the Security Coun cil. The move emphasized the bitter conflict between the Kremlin and Premier Marshal Tito’s regime. The five members of the Soviet bloc yesterday sent Identical notes to other U. N. members asking them to vote for Czechoslovakia for the Security Council vacancy. Yugoslavia is supported by the United States in the Council contest. A Soviet source said the Kremlin was enraged by Ameri can backing for the Tito regime. The Russians are known to be more concerned about the Security Council election than many more immediate issues in the Assembly. Tito's deputy foreign minister, Ales Bebler, discussed the hot race between Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia with U. N. Secre tary ^General Trygve Lie yester day. A non-Russian Eastern Euro pean source said a Yugoslav vic tory might lead to events on which he was not even willing to spec ulate. In answer to a question about whether the Soviet bloc might leave the U. N., he said he could not give any indication of Russian plans. He indicated, however, that Russia would regard the election of the rebel Communist Yugo slavs as breaking up the principle of four-power agreement on which the U. N. was founded. The notes were reported to say a big power agreement provided a seat on the Council for an East ern European country, in addition to the permanent seat given the Soviet Union. It termed the elec tion of Czechoslovakia a necessity. The four-power agreement quoted in their note was said to date from the Yalta Conference. They claimed it gave them the right to select the Eastern Euro pean country to be seated. The General Assembly must elect three members of the 11 nation Council at this session. There are five permanent members —the United States, Russia, Brit ain. France and China. Three others are elected each year for two-year terms. Hungary (Continued From First Page.) Government have denied any con nection with the plot. Counsel for the three defend ants sentenced to death made one more attempt for clemency. They asked that appeals be sent to the Hungarian Presidential Council, the nation’s supreme authority. However, such appeals can be transmitted only by the National Council of Peoples Courts, the Court of Appeal which today ruled the sentences were just. The Council of Peoples Courts probably will not publish its de cision on this second appeal until the last moment before the sen tences are scheduled to be exe cuted. No date for the execution was announced. The Court of Appeal confirmed life sentences imposed on Lazar Brankov, 37-year-old Yugoslav who had been counsellor in the Yugoslav Legation in Budapest, and Pal Justus. 44, former mem ber of Parliament and vice presi dent of the Hungarian radio. Also confirmed was the nine year prison term given Milan Ognyenovic, a Hungarian citizen of Serbian origin described by the government as a Yugoslav spy. The People’s Court had ordered two other confessed conspirators held for court-martial because they were military personnel. They were Lt. Gen. Gyorgy Palffy, until his arrest commander of Hungary's Army as its chief in spector and the highest ranking army officer in Hungary, and Col. Bela Korondy, commander of the Budapest police. . Pool 'Continued From First Page.) propriations unless projects had previously been authorized. The House committee heard much testimony during its closed door hearings last Tuesday and Wednesday which did not appear In the printed record. Several places in the document where Mr. Davidson was discussing diffi culties which occurred last sum mer at the Anacostia swimming pool the testimony was simply marked as “off the record.” Race Expert’s Idea Cited. Mr. Davidson told the commit tee that the race relations expert. Dr. Joseph D. Lohman of the Uni versity of Chicago, who was called in after the disturbances at Ana costia, said one of the great diffi culties here was the “greater de mand for swimming facilities and the lack of facilities.” "This particular popl which is proposed,” Mr. Davidson told the committee, will come practically in the middle of a colored area. The pool needs wilLbe taken care of in the white area and it is felt that if a new pool is constructed the great barrier of race in the long run will be offset by facilities available.” Representative Norrell, Demo crat, of Arkansas said he sympa thized with the need. “I would be glad to see you get the argument here in the District settled,” he told Mr. Davidson, “so that the pools would not have to be closed and I don’t ask you to comment on It but I think that the colored people are entitled to get facil ities. I think the white people are. I don’t believe you can mix them up. Favors Separate Facilities. “I think you need adequate and equal but separate facilities Until ‘old man time’ will iron out the social problems. You can't do it NEW YORK.—GUILTY COMMUNISTS—Here are the 11 top-ranking Communists of the United States who today were convicted of plotting against the Government. Left to right, front, Rob ert Thompson, 34; Henry Winston, 35; Eugene Dennis, 44; Gus Hall, 39, and John Williamson, 46. Rear, Jacob Stachel, 49; Irving Potash, 46; Carl Winter, 43; Benjamin Davis, 46; John Gates, 36, and Gilbert Green, 43. —AP Wirephoto. I : by lawr. We tried to abolish liquor I by law. That attempt, Mr. Chair man, was a dismal failure. It was a law to prohibit it but the law' didn’t make it so.” Mr. Davidson and Chairman Harry S. Wender of the District Recreation Board appeared before the Senate subcommittee yester day. The racial question was men tioned briefly, Senators said. Mr. Davidson was asked if the purpose of the suggested project was to provide a recreation pool for colored swimmers so that Ana costia pool might be used by whites. j The department, he said, holds to its policy that facilities should be made available to every pool on a nonsegregated basis. Mr. Wender explained that the District board has not considered the proposed Fort Stanton pool and was not informed in advance that the request w'as going to Congress. He declared he never j theless advocated such an ap propriation for the Interior De partment and was confident the Recreation Board would favor it. t Pay (Continued From first Page.* $14,000 pay ceiling for the classi fied service while others urge a $12,500 or $13,000 top. The conferees expressed confi dence that final agreement will be reached on the remaining details tomorrow. At that time the con ferees also will begin work on the postal pay legislation. The conferees agreed to retain the Senate provision which will give cash awards to supervisors who operate their units econom ically. The original Senate bill aver aged about $145 compared to the i House bill's $113 average. In ar riving at the compromise $141 figure, the conferees retained most of the Senate increases for lower salaried employes. Meanwhile, the Senate is ex pected to act quickly on the com i promise bill increasing the salaries i of the Government's 235 top executives. The House yesterday accepted the conferees' bill which woulji increase the salaries of cabinet officers by $7,500—from $15,000 to $22,500 a year. Other Government officials making $10,000 a year would receive raises to $15,000 and $16.000. _ China (Continued From First Page.) had left Hong Kong for Can ton.) Other reports said the Commu nists had made contact with sources inside Canton appealing to them to avoid looting. There has been little looting so far, apparently. Not all government officiais'had gone to Chungking, the new Na tionalist capital in Western China. Some remained and were burning papers they did not want to see fall into Communist hands. ’ Nobody knows now who is re sponsible for Canton's city gov j ernment. I Military authorities announced that they would blow up ammuni ition dumps at Canton’s air Helds I today, (Among the last-minute ar rivals in Hong Kong from Can ton was Foreign Minister George Yeh. Premier Yen Hsi shan was in Formosa where he broadcast an appeal to all Chinese to support the light against the Communists.) Intermittent Gunfire Heard. - Canton spent a sleepless night. Citizens fearing looting stayed awake. Intermittent gunfire echoed through the downtown part of the city during the night. This was not explained. At daylight this city of more than 1.000,000 population stirred back to life. The streets filled with pedlcabs, bicycles, cars, trucks, buses and pedestrians. Police directed traffic as usual. Public utilities continued to function. 4 Youths indicted in Towson On Cross-Burning Charge •y tht Associated Pros* TOWSON, Md., Oct. 14.—Four youths have been indicted by the Baltimore County grand jury on charges of unlawful assembly in connection with the burning of a cross opposite a new Negro high school last September 8. They are John Stees, 18; John M. Reese, 18; John Murrison, 19, and James Parker, 18, all of Lutherville. Arrangements were made to release them to the cus tody of their parents. Communists (Continued From First Page.) bers. Judge Medina told the jurors: ‘ Do not discuss this case with relatives or friends or members of the press, magazine writers or j anyone who seeks to elicit from you any information about the case.” Then he turned to the defense lawyers. He accused them of ‘‘working in shifts, accompanied by shouting, snickering and sneer ing.” The lawyers, he declared., "urged each other on to badger the court." Their contempt was so great, Judge Medina said, “as to make ; the imposing of fines a futile ges-' ture.” Sentences on Lawyers. With that, he imposed the fol lowing sentences: Sacher. six months. Richard F. Gladstein of San Francisco, six months. George W. Crockett. Jr., of De troit, a Negro, four months. Louis F. McCabe of Philadelphia, 30 days. Abraham J. Isserman of New York, four months. , Dennis, general secretary of the party, was sentenced along with them. Sacher tjjgorously* protested the sentences, saying. “They can only have the effect of intimidating the bar of America.” Three of the defendants—Green. Hall and Winston—already had been jailed for the duration of the trial on contempt charges and Judge Medina had served notice that he would deal with their law yers as soon as the trial ended. In the historic trial the Govern ment charged that the Commu nist Party was reorganized on or ders from Moscow in 1945 as a conspiracy secretly devoted to vio lent overthrow of the American Government. The defense contended that the party is a legitimate political or ganization working for the estab lishment of Socialism by legal means. The courtroom w'as crowded and across the front barrier separating spectators from the rest of the room there were about 15 deputy marshals. Other deputies stood at each side of the bench and about the room. There was a solid wall of deputies at the entrance to the room. uert uans koh. . After the Jury entered; William Borman, court clerk, called the roll. Each answered. “Here.” “Madame foreman, have you reached a verdict?” he asked. “Yes,” Mrs. Dial replied in & low tone. "How do you find?” “We find each and every one of the defendants guilty,” she re plied. Eight of the defendants went home for the night to the cheers and applause of their sympathizers, about 100 of whom kept a vigil outside the Federal Court Build ing last night. The other three defendants were in jail during out-of-court hours for contempt. Picketing has been an off-and on feature of the historic trial since it began January 17. It perhaps was the longest Fed eral criminal trial in American history. Judge Medina warned the jury in his charge that the trial was not intended as a witch hunt or book-burning'foray. It was a trial of 11 men accused of conspiring to advocate violent overthrow of the United States Government, he said. “Do riot be led astray by talk about thought control or putting books on trial.” Judge Medina said in a 2-hour-and-15-minute charge to the jury. “No such issues are before ypu here. “And you are not to pass on the merits of communism, capital ism or any other isms.” The defense, ending its summa tion on Wednesday, denied that American Communists ever plotted revolt against the United States. They declared no verdict could wipe out communism as their ideal. This remark was construed by ADVERTISEMENT. “Saved my Life AG**»#||* fa, GAS-HEARTBURN” aSESBBSgaSE A United States Attorney F. X. Mc Gohey as a threat that the Com munist Party would go under ground if the verdict went against it. If the Communists go under ground, Mr. McGohey said in winding up his own summation yesterday, "the FBI will go along with them.” They were accused of recreat ing the Communist Party in 1945 as an instrument for advocating violent revolution. The party w'as dissolved for a time during the war. Its place was taken by the Communist Political Association, a milder or ganization that was willing to work with capital to further the war effort. Mr. McGohey argued yesterday that in 1945 the re-created party returned to prewar principles of violence. He called the 11 de fendants ‘‘professional revolution aries.” Deny .’seeding violence. The defendant* denied they needed violence to achieve social ism in America. The ballot box could do the trick, they said. Defense attorneys insisted that this was a trial of free thought, free speech and the books that a man may read. Judge Medina, in his 70-page charge, agreed that American principles of freedom of speech and press must not be destroyed by any verdict in his courtroom. He said the defendants had a right to criticize America from the President on down, and to advocate a change in Government —provided they did not advocate violence at the same time. But, said Judge Medina, no American has an “unbridled right" under the Constitution to say or publish whatever he chooses. “Words may be thfc instruments by which crimes are committed,” the 61-year-old Brooklyn-born Jurist told the jury. “And It has always been recognized that the protection of other interest* of society may Justify reasonable re strictions upon speech in further ance of general welfare." Rich Californian Seized After Threats to Ex-Wife ly th* Associate s COATESVILUf, Pa., Oct. 14.— The FBI says a wealthy Califor nian made a cross-country trip to carry out a threat against his for mer wife and her present hus band, but was arrested at their doorstep. Duncan McDiarmid. 48, Los An geles real estate broker, was ar rested yesterday by FBI agents who had trailed him from Wil mington, Del. to the Coatesville home of Hubert Horrex, Lukens Steel Co. employe. No weapon was found on McDiarmid when he was arrested. Mr. Horrex is married to McDi armid’s former wife. Margaret. McDiarmid is charged with using interstate communication to threaten injury to other persons. He is under $4,000 bail and is to be given a hearing before United States Commissioner Ethan Allen Doty. FBI agents gave this back ground of the case: About three weeks ago the de fendant telephoned Mrs. Horrex from Los Angeles and threatened to kill her and her husband and then himself. This week he made another call to her brother’s home in Pensa cola, Fla., repeated the threat, ttien flew from the West Coast to Florida. When he learned his former wife was not there, he flew North. FBI agents were notified of the threats and trailed Mc Diarmid here. — — - -- .— - - to rent j at low Rotes phOM REpublie 6212 If you buy later, all money paid for rental and deliv ery will be deducted from the purchase price. (Maximum deduction, 6 months.) Your choice of spinets and consoles of excellent makes. KITTS 1330 6 Street N.W. • ** * Chilean President Plans To Accept Truman Bid •y th» Ausciatcd Pr*u SANTIAGO, Chile, Oct. 14 —Of ficial sources said today that Pres ident Gabriel Gonzales Vldela of Chile will accept President Tru man's invitation to visit Washing ton early next year. The formal invitation will be extended by United States Assist ant Secretary of State Edward G. Miller, who is scheduled to arrive here October 24. Informants said that while in Washington Presi dent Gonzales Videla would invite President Truman to visit Chile. King George to Visit Conolly's Flagship By the Associated Press LONDON, Oct. 14. — King George, an old navy man himself, made a date today to visit an American warship. The King will inspect the cruiser Columbus at Portsmouth,! England, on November 8, Bucking- j ham Palace announced. The Columbus is the flagship of Admiral Richard L. Conolly, j commander in chief of United j States Naval Forces, Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. Arms ^Continued From First Page.) a strong deterrent to Russian aggression and that the • nations receiving aid would quickly agree on mutual defense plans. The appropriation for Atlantic Pact nations is contingent upon the development of such plans. Speaking of Russia, Mr. Webb said: “Specious professions of a love for peace no longer deceive the civilized world. Actions speak louder than words. The hard fact* of international life today, for us. for the nations of Western Europe, and even for such of the Soviet Union’s more recent allies as Yugoslavia, stand forth in stark reality from the record of U. S. S. R. broken promises, threatened aggression, and sub versive fifth-column activities on every continent and in every country.” Goal Is “Reasonable” Security. The United States. Mr. Webb said, “unquestionably” would be .the ultimate target of aggression I by any major power. Strengthen ing of our friends, he added, “is not charity,” but “it is common sense.” The committee was told that approximately $6 is being put up by other nations for every dollar provided by the United States in the mutual defense program. The goal of the program, Gen. Bradley said, is “reasonable” security. “The alternative-absolute se curity—is unattainable,” he added. The Appropriations Committee, in a report draft&i by Republican Mahon, Democrat of Texas, said it expects the arms-aid program to continue for four or five years, but at a lower cost. NEW USE FOR A ‘HOBO BASKET’—A “hobo basket” tradition ally is used to carry articles collected by hoboes in their travels. This one, however, carries a list of names of railroad employes who contribute to fight polio. The basket stopped at the Poto mac Yards here yesterday on Its Nation-wide tour. A polio victim, 7-year-old Stewart Levine, 4829 Third street N.W., hands the basket from W. J. Johnson (right), a Southern Railway con ductor, to B. V. Kerr, a Pennsylvania conductor, as the basket moves toward Pittsburgh after a trip South. More than $500 was collected here and turned over to polio groups, and $1,500 has been donated on the trip so far. —Repi Photo. Farm ^Continued From First Page.) saw no hope of adjourning Con gress tomorrow and said the Sen ate may not have a Saturday session if it is apparent Congress will be here anyhow. The impression prevails on Csy)i tol Hill that President Truman prefers the House farm plan. At his press conference yesterday, however. Mr. Truman refused to elaborate on the White House statement of several days ago that the President hopes Congress will pass a farm bill he can sign. If the Senators stick by their position, the alternative confront ing the House will be to take the flexible plan in the Senate bill for 1951 and thereafter, or see the flexible principle go into ef fect almost Immediately—in Jan uary, 1950—under the Hope-Aiken bill passed by the Republican 80th Congress. The pending Senate bill la slightly more liberal than the Hope-Aiken law, but If no bill emerges from this Congress, the Republican plan will take effect. The Hope-Aiken law calls for a parity range of from 60 to 90 per cent. The pending Senate bill, sponsored by Senator Anderson, Democrat, of New Mexico would range from 75 to 90 per cent, and would include the wages of hired hands as a factor in determining the base for parity payments. Hayden to Head Trial Staff in A. & P. Anti-Trust Case By tK« Associated Press J. Francis Hayden, chief of the New York office of the Justice Department Anti-trust Division, will assume charge Monday of the trial staff handling the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. case, Attorney General McGrath re vealed yesterday. Mr. Hayden is beirig relieved *f his duties as chief of the New York Office to devote full time to the case, Mr. McGrath said. Melville C. Williams, chief of the midwest office of the anti trust Division, Chicago, was de signated as chief of the New York office and Willis L. Hotchkiss, nowj assistant chief of the midwest office, will move up to head it. Shirley Temple Files Divorce Suit, Seeks Daughter’s Custody By the Associated ftt% HOLLYWOOD. Oct. 14.—Th« romance of Shirley Temple and John George Agar, jr., is finished. Miss Temple, the former child star, now 21, no sooner had filed divorce suit than Hollywood fell to speculating today on the acting future of the six-foot two former Air Force sergeant she married four years ago. It is no secret that the 28-y*>ar old Lake Forest <111. > meat pack ing scion got his film start through his winsome wife. His first few acting roles, while adequate, ha vs not drawn much praise from th( critics. Husband Leaves Home. Mr. Agar left the enlarged doll house he and Shirley had occupied back of her parents’ Santa Monica home. Then late yester day she filed a brief complaint alleging: “Since the marriage of t,h« parties, defendant has treated plaintiff with extreme cruelty and has wrongfully inflicted upon her grievous mental suffering.” She asked custody of theii daughter, Linda Susan, 19 months, but no alimony or support. Shir ley specifically requested, how ever, that Mr. Agar be given rea sonable visitation rights. 12,000 at Wedding. Shirley, then 17, and Mr. Agar, stationed at nearby March Air Base, were married September 19, 1945, as a crowd of 12,000 thronged around a Wilshire Boulevard Churqh. Gov. and ; Mrs. Earl Warren headed a guest , list of 500. But '“things"—what they wer« are any one s guess—popped up to tyur that starry-eyed matri monial takeoff. “We both tried hard—we really did” to make the marriage work, Shirley said. She admitted that 1 she had gone to Palm Springs ; last week “to try to find soma ■ other way out. but divorce seems the only solution.” RED fELZMAN'S UTH b f i 24-Hour Blue 1$ always right The look and feel of luxury MVv// in Fred Pelzman’s Blue Suits and Outercoats Style weds value in Fred Pelzman’s new •election of business blue, dress blue . . . blue that’s right for morning, noon or night. Blue does things for a man! It camouflages a bulging mid-section. 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