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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 14, 1949, Image 7

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Soviet Bloc Asks U. N.
To Reject Tito Bid for
Security Council Seat
fcy th« Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS! Oct. 14.—
Russia and her satellites have
appealed to United Nations mem
bers to' oppose Yugoslavia's bid
for a seat on the Security Coun
cil.
The move emphasized the bitter
conflict between the Kremlin and
Premier Marshal Tito’s regime.
The five members of the Soviet
bloc yesterday sent Identical notes
to other U. N. members asking
them to vote for Czechoslovakia
for the Security Council vacancy.
Yugoslavia is supported by the
United States in the Council
contest. A Soviet source said the
Kremlin was enraged by Ameri
can backing for the Tito regime.
The Russians are known to be
more concerned about the
Security Council election than
many more immediate issues in
the Assembly.
Tito's deputy foreign minister,
Ales Bebler, discussed the hot
race between Yugoslavia and
Czechoslovakia with U. N. Secre
tary ^General Trygve Lie yester
day.
A non-Russian Eastern Euro
pean source said a Yugoslav vic
tory might lead to events on which
he was not even willing to spec
ulate. In answer to a question
about whether the Soviet bloc
might leave the U. N., he said he
could not give any indication of
Russian plans.
He indicated, however, that
Russia would regard the election
of the rebel Communist Yugo
slavs as breaking up the principle
of four-power agreement on which
the U. N. was founded.
The notes were reported to say
a big power agreement provided
a seat on the Council for an East
ern European country, in addition
to the permanent seat given the
Soviet Union. It termed the elec
tion of Czechoslovakia a necessity.
The four-power agreement
quoted in their note was said to
date from the Yalta Conference.
They claimed it gave them the
right to select the Eastern Euro
pean country to be seated.
The General Assembly must
elect three members of the 11
nation Council at this session.
There are five permanent members
—the United States, Russia, Brit
ain. France and China. Three
others are elected each year for
two-year terms.
Hungary
(Continued From First Page.)
Government have denied any con
nection with the plot.
Counsel for the three defend
ants sentenced to death made one
more attempt for clemency. They
asked that appeals be sent to the
Hungarian Presidential Council,
the nation’s supreme authority.
However, such appeals can be
transmitted only by the National
Council of Peoples Courts, the
Court of Appeal which today
ruled the sentences were just.
The Council of Peoples Courts
probably will not publish its de
cision on this second appeal until
the last moment before the sen
tences are scheduled to be exe
cuted.
No date for the execution was
announced.
The Court of Appeal confirmed
life sentences imposed on Lazar
Brankov, 37-year-old Yugoslav
who had been counsellor in the
Yugoslav Legation in Budapest,
and Pal Justus. 44, former mem
ber of Parliament and vice presi
dent of the Hungarian radio.
Also confirmed was the nine
year prison term given Milan
Ognyenovic, a Hungarian citizen
of Serbian origin described by the
government as a Yugoslav spy.
The People’s Court had ordered
two other confessed conspirators
held for court-martial because
they were military personnel.
They were Lt. Gen. Gyorgy Palffy,
until his arrest commander of
Hungary's Army as its chief in
spector and the highest ranking
army officer in Hungary, and Col.
Bela Korondy, commander of the
Budapest police.
. Pool
'Continued From First Page.)
propriations unless projects had
previously been authorized.
The House committee heard
much testimony during its closed
door hearings last Tuesday and
Wednesday which did not appear
In the printed record. Several
places in the document where Mr.
Davidson was discussing diffi
culties which occurred last sum
mer at the Anacostia swimming
pool the testimony was simply
marked as “off the record.”
Race Expert’s Idea Cited.
Mr. Davidson told the commit
tee that the race relations expert.
Dr. Joseph D. Lohman of the Uni
versity of Chicago, who was called
in after the disturbances at Ana
costia, said one of the great diffi
culties here was the “greater de
mand for swimming facilities and
the lack of facilities.”
"This particular popl which is
proposed,” Mr. Davidson told the
committee, will come practically
in the middle of a colored area.
The pool needs wilLbe taken care
of in the white area and it is felt
that if a new pool is constructed
the great barrier of race in the
long run will be offset by facilities
available.”
Representative Norrell, Demo
crat, of Arkansas said he sympa
thized with the need. “I would be
glad to see you get the argument
here in the District settled,” he
told Mr. Davidson, “so that the
pools would not have to be closed
and I don’t ask you to comment on
It but I think that the colored
people are entitled to get facil
ities. I think the white people
are. I don’t believe you can mix
them up.
Favors Separate Facilities.
“I think you need adequate and
equal but separate facilities Until
‘old man time’ will iron out the
social problems. You can't do it
NEW YORK.—GUILTY COMMUNISTS—Here are the 11 top-ranking Communists of the United
States who today were convicted of plotting against the Government. Left to right, front, Rob
ert Thompson, 34; Henry Winston, 35; Eugene Dennis, 44; Gus Hall, 39, and John Williamson, 46.
Rear, Jacob Stachel, 49; Irving Potash, 46; Carl Winter, 43; Benjamin Davis, 46; John Gates, 36,
and Gilbert Green, 43. —AP Wirephoto.
I
:
by lawr. We tried to abolish liquor
I by law. That attempt, Mr. Chair
man, was a dismal failure. It was
a law to prohibit it but the law'
didn’t make it so.”
Mr. Davidson and Chairman
Harry S. Wender of the District
Recreation Board appeared before
the Senate subcommittee yester
day.
The racial question was men
tioned briefly, Senators said. Mr.
Davidson was asked if the purpose
of the suggested project was to
provide a recreation pool for
colored swimmers so that Ana
costia pool might be used by
whites.
j The department, he said, holds
to its policy that facilities should
be made available to every pool
on a nonsegregated basis.
Mr. Wender explained that the
District board has not considered
the proposed Fort Stanton pool
and was not informed in advance
that the request w'as going to
Congress. He declared he never
j theless advocated such an ap
propriation for the Interior De
partment and was confident the
Recreation Board would favor it.
t Pay
(Continued From first Page.*
$14,000 pay ceiling for the classi
fied service while others urge a
$12,500 or $13,000 top.
The conferees expressed confi
dence that final agreement will be
reached on the remaining details
tomorrow. At that time the con
ferees also will begin work on the
postal pay legislation.
The conferees agreed to retain
the Senate provision which will
give cash awards to supervisors
who operate their units econom
ically.
The original Senate bill aver
aged about $145 compared to the
i House bill's $113 average. In ar
riving at the compromise $141
figure, the conferees retained most
of the Senate increases for lower
salaried employes.
Meanwhile, the Senate is ex
pected to act quickly on the com
i promise bill increasing the salaries
i of the Government's 235 top
executives.
The House yesterday accepted
the conferees' bill which woulji
increase the salaries of cabinet
officers by $7,500—from $15,000 to
$22,500 a year. Other Government
officials making $10,000 a year
would receive raises to $15,000
and $16.000. _
China
(Continued From First Page.)
had left Hong Kong for Can
ton.)
Other reports said the Commu
nists had made contact with
sources inside Canton appealing
to them to avoid looting. There
has been little looting so far,
apparently.
Not all government officiais'had
gone to Chungking, the new Na
tionalist capital in Western China.
Some remained and were burning
papers they did not want to see
fall into Communist hands. ’
Nobody knows now who is re
sponsible for Canton's city gov
j ernment.
I Military authorities announced
that they would blow up ammuni
ition dumps at Canton’s air Helds
I today,
(Among the last-minute ar
rivals in Hong Kong from Can
ton was Foreign Minister
George Yeh. Premier Yen Hsi
shan was in Formosa where he
broadcast an appeal to all
Chinese to support the light
against the Communists.)
Intermittent Gunfire Heard. -
Canton spent a sleepless night.
Citizens fearing looting stayed
awake. Intermittent gunfire
echoed through the downtown
part of the city during the night.
This was not explained.
At daylight this city of more
than 1.000,000 population stirred
back to life. The streets filled
with pedlcabs, bicycles, cars,
trucks, buses and pedestrians.
Police directed traffic as usual.
Public utilities continued to
function.
4 Youths indicted in Towson
On Cross-Burning Charge
•y tht Associated Pros*
TOWSON, Md., Oct. 14.—Four
youths have been indicted by the
Baltimore County grand jury on
charges of unlawful assembly in
connection with the burning of a
cross opposite a new Negro high
school last September 8.
They are John Stees, 18; John
M. Reese, 18; John Murrison, 19,
and James Parker, 18, all of
Lutherville. Arrangements were
made to release them to the cus
tody of their parents.
Communists
(Continued From First Page.)
bers. Judge Medina told the
jurors:
‘ Do not discuss this case with
relatives or friends or members
of the press, magazine writers or j
anyone who seeks to elicit from
you any information about the
case.”
Then he turned to the defense
lawyers. He accused them of
‘‘working in shifts, accompanied
by shouting, snickering and sneer
ing.” The lawyers, he declared.,
"urged each other on to badger
the court."
Their contempt was so great,
Judge Medina said, “as to make
; the imposing of fines a futile ges-'
ture.”
Sentences on Lawyers.
With that, he imposed the fol
lowing sentences:
Sacher. six months.
Richard F. Gladstein of San
Francisco, six months.
George W. Crockett. Jr., of De
troit, a Negro, four months.
Louis F. McCabe of Philadelphia,
30 days.
Abraham J. Isserman of New
York, four months. ,
Dennis, general secretary of the
party, was sentenced along with
them.
Sacher tjjgorously* protested the
sentences, saying. “They can only
have the effect of intimidating the
bar of America.”
Three of the defendants—Green.
Hall and Winston—already had
been jailed for the duration of the
trial on contempt charges and
Judge Medina had served notice
that he would deal with their law
yers as soon as the trial ended.
In the historic trial the Govern
ment charged that the Commu
nist Party was reorganized on or
ders from Moscow in 1945 as a
conspiracy secretly devoted to vio
lent overthrow of the American
Government.
The defense contended that the
party is a legitimate political or
ganization working for the estab
lishment of Socialism by legal
means.
The courtroom w'as crowded and
across the front barrier separating
spectators from the rest of the
room there were about 15 deputy
marshals. Other deputies stood at
each side of the bench and about
the room.
There was a solid wall of
deputies at the entrance to the
room.
uert uans koh. .
After the Jury entered; William
Borman, court clerk, called the
roll. Each answered. “Here.”
“Madame foreman, have you
reached a verdict?” he asked.
“Yes,” Mrs. Dial replied in &
low tone.
"How do you find?”
“We find each and every one
of the defendants guilty,” she re
plied.
Eight of the defendants went
home for the night to the cheers
and applause of their sympathizers,
about 100 of whom kept a vigil
outside the Federal Court Build
ing last night. The other three
defendants were in jail during
out-of-court hours for contempt.
Picketing has been an off-and
on feature of the historic trial
since it began January 17.
It perhaps was the longest Fed
eral criminal trial in American
history.
Judge Medina warned the jury
in his charge that the trial was
not intended as a witch hunt or
book-burning'foray. It was a trial
of 11 men accused of conspiring
to advocate violent overthrow of
the United States Government, he
said.
“Do riot be led astray by talk
about thought control or putting
books on trial.” Judge Medina said
in a 2-hour-and-15-minute charge
to the jury. “No such issues are
before ypu here.
“And you are not to pass on
the merits of communism, capital
ism or any other isms.”
The defense, ending its summa
tion on Wednesday, denied that
American Communists ever plotted
revolt against the United States.
They declared no verdict could
wipe out communism as their
ideal.
This remark was construed by
ADVERTISEMENT.
“Saved my Life
AG**»#||* fa, GAS-HEARTBURN”
aSESBBSgaSE
A
United States Attorney F. X. Mc
Gohey as a threat that the Com
munist Party would go under
ground if the verdict went against
it.
If the Communists go under
ground, Mr. McGohey said in
winding up his own summation
yesterday, "the FBI will go along
with them.”
They were accused of recreat
ing the Communist Party in 1945
as an instrument for advocating
violent revolution.
The party w'as dissolved for a
time during the war. Its place
was taken by the Communist
Political Association, a milder or
ganization that was willing to
work with capital to further the
war effort.
Mr. McGohey argued yesterday
that in 1945 the re-created party
returned to prewar principles of
violence. He called the 11 de
fendants ‘‘professional revolution
aries.”
Deny .’seeding violence.
The defendant* denied they
needed violence to achieve social
ism in America. The ballot box
could do the trick, they said.
Defense attorneys insisted that
this was a trial of free thought,
free speech and the books that a
man may read.
Judge Medina, in his 70-page
charge, agreed that American
principles of freedom of speech
and press must not be destroyed
by any verdict in his courtroom.
He said the defendants had a
right to criticize America from
the President on down, and to
advocate a change in Government
—provided they did not advocate
violence at the same time.
But, said Judge Medina, no
American has an “unbridled
right" under the Constitution to
say or publish whatever he
chooses.
“Words may be thfc instruments
by which crimes are committed,”
the 61-year-old Brooklyn-born
Jurist told the jury. “And It has
always been recognized that the
protection of other interest* of
society may Justify reasonable re
strictions upon speech in further
ance of general welfare."
Rich Californian Seized
After Threats to Ex-Wife
ly th* Associate s
COATESVILUf, Pa., Oct. 14.—
The FBI says a wealthy Califor
nian made a cross-country trip to
carry out a threat against his for
mer wife and her present hus
band, but was arrested at their
doorstep.
Duncan McDiarmid. 48, Los An
geles real estate broker, was ar
rested yesterday by FBI agents
who had trailed him from Wil
mington, Del. to the Coatesville
home of Hubert Horrex, Lukens
Steel Co. employe. No weapon was
found on McDiarmid when he was
arrested.
Mr. Horrex is married to McDi
armid’s former wife. Margaret.
McDiarmid is charged with
using interstate communication to
threaten injury to other persons.
He is under $4,000 bail and is to
be given a hearing before United
States Commissioner Ethan Allen
Doty.
FBI agents gave this back
ground of the case:
About three weeks ago the de
fendant telephoned Mrs. Horrex
from Los Angeles and threatened
to kill her and her husband and
then himself.
This week he made another call
to her brother’s home in Pensa
cola, Fla., repeated the threat,
ttien flew from the West Coast to
Florida. When he learned his
former wife was not there, he flew
North. FBI agents were notified
of the threats and trailed Mc
Diarmid here.
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Chilean President Plans
To Accept Truman Bid
•y th» Ausciatcd Pr*u
SANTIAGO, Chile, Oct. 14 —Of
ficial sources said today that Pres
ident Gabriel Gonzales Vldela of
Chile will accept President Tru
man's invitation to visit Washing
ton early next year.
The formal invitation will be
extended by United States Assist
ant Secretary of State Edward G.
Miller, who is scheduled to arrive
here October 24. Informants said
that while in Washington Presi
dent Gonzales Videla would invite
President Truman to visit Chile.
King George to Visit
Conolly's Flagship
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Oct. 14. — King
George, an old navy man himself,
made a date today to visit an
American warship.
The King will inspect the
cruiser Columbus at Portsmouth,!
England, on November 8, Bucking- j
ham Palace announced.
The Columbus is the flagship
of Admiral Richard L. Conolly, j
commander in chief of United j
States Naval Forces, Eastern
Atlantic and Mediterranean.
Arms
^Continued From First Page.)
a strong deterrent to Russian
aggression and that the • nations
receiving aid would quickly agree
on mutual defense plans. The
appropriation for Atlantic Pact
nations is contingent upon the
development of such plans.
Speaking of Russia, Mr. Webb
said:
“Specious professions of a love
for peace no longer deceive the
civilized world. Actions speak
louder than words. The hard
fact* of international life today,
for us. for the nations of Western
Europe, and even for such of the
Soviet Union’s more recent allies
as Yugoslavia, stand forth in
stark reality from the record of
U. S. S. R. broken promises,
threatened aggression, and sub
versive fifth-column activities on
every continent and in every
country.”
Goal Is “Reasonable” Security.
The United States. Mr. Webb
said, “unquestionably” would be
.the ultimate target of aggression
I by any major power. Strengthen
ing of our friends, he added, “is
not charity,” but “it is common
sense.”
The committee was told that
approximately $6 is being put up
by other nations for every dollar
provided by the United States in
the mutual defense program.
The goal of the program, Gen.
Bradley said, is “reasonable”
security.
“The alternative-absolute se
curity—is unattainable,” he added.
The Appropriations Committee,
in a report draft&i by Republican
Mahon, Democrat of Texas, said
it expects the arms-aid program
to continue for four or five years,
but at a lower cost.
NEW USE FOR A ‘HOBO BASKET’—A “hobo basket” tradition
ally is used to carry articles collected by hoboes in their travels.
This one, however, carries a list of names of railroad employes
who contribute to fight polio. The basket stopped at the Poto
mac Yards here yesterday on Its Nation-wide tour. A polio
victim, 7-year-old Stewart Levine, 4829 Third street N.W., hands
the basket from W. J. Johnson (right), a Southern Railway con
ductor, to B. V. Kerr, a Pennsylvania conductor, as the basket
moves toward Pittsburgh after a trip South. More than $500 was
collected here and turned over to polio groups, and $1,500 has
been donated on the trip so far. —Repi Photo.
Farm
^Continued From First Page.)
saw no hope of adjourning Con
gress tomorrow and said the Sen
ate may not have a Saturday
session if it is apparent Congress
will be here anyhow.
The impression prevails on Csy)i
tol Hill that President Truman
prefers the House farm plan. At
his press conference yesterday,
however. Mr. Truman refused to
elaborate on the White House
statement of several days ago that
the President hopes Congress will
pass a farm bill he can sign.
If the Senators stick by their
position, the alternative confront
ing the House will be to take the
flexible plan in the Senate bill
for 1951 and thereafter, or see
the flexible principle go into ef
fect almost Immediately—in Jan
uary, 1950—under the Hope-Aiken
bill passed by the Republican 80th
Congress.
The pending Senate bill la
slightly more liberal than the
Hope-Aiken law, but If no bill
emerges from this Congress, the
Republican plan will take effect.
The Hope-Aiken law calls for
a parity range of from 60 to 90
per cent. The pending Senate bill,
sponsored by Senator Anderson,
Democrat, of New Mexico would
range from 75 to 90 per cent, and
would include the wages of hired
hands as a factor in determining
the base for parity payments.
Hayden to Head Trial Staff
in A. & P. Anti-Trust Case
By tK« Associated Press
J. Francis Hayden, chief of the
New York office of the Justice
Department Anti-trust Division,
will assume charge Monday of the
trial staff handling the Great
Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. case,
Attorney General McGrath re
vealed yesterday.
Mr. Hayden is beirig relieved *f
his duties as chief of the New York
Office to devote full time to the
case, Mr. McGrath said.
Melville C. Williams, chief of
the midwest office of the anti
trust Division, Chicago, was de
signated as chief of the New York
office and Willis L. Hotchkiss, nowj
assistant chief of the midwest
office, will move up to head it.
Shirley Temple Files
Divorce Suit, Seeks
Daughter’s Custody
By the Associated ftt%
HOLLYWOOD. Oct. 14.—Th«
romance of Shirley Temple and
John George Agar, jr., is finished.
Miss Temple, the former child
star, now 21, no sooner had filed
divorce suit than Hollywood fell to
speculating today on the acting
future of the six-foot two former
Air Force sergeant she married
four years ago.
It is no secret that the 28-y*>ar
old Lake Forest <111. > meat pack
ing scion got his film start through
his winsome wife. His first few
acting roles, while adequate, ha vs
not drawn much praise from th(
critics.
Husband Leaves Home.
Mr. Agar left the enlarged doll
house he and Shirley had occupied
back of her parents’ Santa
Monica home. Then late yester
day she filed a brief complaint
alleging:
“Since the marriage of t,h«
parties, defendant has treated
plaintiff with extreme cruelty and
has wrongfully inflicted upon her
grievous mental suffering.”
She asked custody of theii
daughter, Linda Susan, 19 months,
but no alimony or support. Shir
ley specifically requested, how
ever, that Mr. Agar be given rea
sonable visitation rights.
12,000 at Wedding.
Shirley, then 17, and Mr. Agar,
stationed at nearby March Air
Base, were married September
19, 1945, as a crowd of 12,000
thronged around a Wilshire
Boulevard Churqh. Gov. and
; Mrs. Earl Warren headed a guest
, list of 500.
But '“things"—what they wer«
are any one s guess—popped up
to tyur that starry-eyed matri
monial takeoff.
“We both tried hard—we really
did” to make the marriage work,
Shirley said. She admitted that
1 she had gone to Palm Springs
; last week “to try to find soma
■ other way out. but divorce seems
the only solution.”
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