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Tobin Limits Praise
For 75c Wage Bill Drafted by Conferees •y th* Aitociottd Prnt Legislation lifting national min imum pay scales by 35 cents an hour was groomed today for final congressional action with the qualified blessing of Secretary of Labor Tobin. A! compromise bill worked out yesterday by Senate and House conferees was described by Secre tary Tobin as a “notable advance” in some respects, but “disappoint ing" in others. Tftie House and Senate must approve the bill—which raises the flodr under wages received by, workers in interstate commerce from the present 40 cents an hour to 75 cents—before it is sent to President Truman. The House is not due to act on the measure until Tuesday. The compromise removes wage hour coverage from several hun dred thousand workers—just how many is uncertain. Senator El bert Thomas, Democrat, of Utah said court interpretation of the bill’s language would be needed to*determine the number. - Would Aid Over Million. Senator Pepper. Democrat, of Farida estimated that 1,000,000 to 1,500,000 low-paid workers would share some $500,000,000 a year in pay increases. About 22,600,000 workers are eoyered by present wage-hour law, which blankets occupations re garded as "necessary to” the pro duction of items moving in inter state commerce. The House bill would have re stricted coverage to occupations "indispensable to” such produc tion. It was estimated this would take more than 1.000,000 workers out from under the law. The 8enate by other changes would have excluded about 200, 000 workers. In the conference the House language was changed, substitut ing the phrase “directly essential to* for "indispensable to.” Because of this wording Senator Thomas said it might be years before the courts could rule on who is covered. How It Affects Newspapers. The bill, which would take ef fect 90 days after its enactment, continued two provisions affecting newspapers: f 1) Employes of newspapers (in cluding dailies) which have a cir culation of 4,000 or less are exempted, and (2) newspaper de livery boys are excluded from wage, hour and child labor pro visions of the law. Mr. Tobin predicted that the bill would help stabilize the Na tion’s economy. He declared him self "highly pleased” with the compromise measure in spite of what he termed concessions to “special interests.” The lifting of the wage floor and' the tightened child labor prcMMons ip the measure, he said, "embody notable advances over the 1948 law.”__ Thomas Davis Takes Oath As New CommerceAlde Thomas W. 8. Davis, 39, of Warrenton, Va., yesterday was sworn in as Assistant Secretary of Commerce. Mr. Davis has been an executive of United Air Lines for the last six years. In the Commerce De partment he will have supervision of the Civil Aeronautics Adminis tration. A native of Warrenton, Mr. Davis attended the Naval Acad emy and the University of Vir ginia. Book Dance Tonight The annual book dance of Mont gomery Blair High School, Silver Spring, will be held at 9 o’clock tonight at the school. Money raised from the dance will be used to buy encyclopedias for the school library. Weather Report District of Columbia — Mostly cloudy with highest temperature near 70 degrees today. Cloudy with occasional drizzle or light rain tonight and tomorrow. Low est tonight around 60 degrees. Maryland and Virginia—Mostly cloudy with occasional drizzle or light rain tonight and probably tomorrow. Lowest from 55 to 60 degrees in the west and 60 to 65 degrees in the east tonight. Con tinued rather cool tomorrow. Wind velocity, 10 miles per hour; direction, north. Biter Report. (Prom 0. S. Engineers.) Potomac River clear at Harpers Perry and at Great Palls; Shenandoah clear at Harpers Perry. Hnmldltr. (Readings at Washington National Airport.) Yesterday— Pet. Today— Pet. Noon -84 Midnight_#8 4 p.m-ge 8 a.m_91 8 p.m-96 10 a.m_89 High and Low for Yesterday. High. 85, at 1:53 p.m. Low. 56. at 5:34 a.m. Record Temperatures This Year. Highest. 97 on August 11. Lowest. 21 on January 30. Tide Tables. (Furnished by United States Coast and Oeodetic Survey.) - Today. Tomorrow. High - 1:06 a.m. 2:08 a.m. Low - 8:26 a.m. 8:32 a.m. High - 1:35 p.m. 2:43 p.m. Low - 8:28 p.m. 9:44 p.m. The Rub and Moon. Rites. Sets. Sun. today -_ 6:18 6:80 Bun. tomorrow_ 6:18 5:28 Moon, today..-. 11:42p.m. 2:13p.m. Automobile lights must be turned on ene-bgif hour alter sunset. Precipitation. Monthly precipitation in inches in the Capital (current month to date): • Month. 1849. Avg. Record. January _6.08 February_-_2.88 March_-_3.42 Abril_1.94 'May _ 6.33 June _2.42 July _4.22 August_-___4.09 September _8.40 October _0.28 November -- — December ___ _ _ Temperatures in Various Cities. High. Low. High. Low. Albuquerque Miami _ 83 72 Atlanta Milwaukee . 62 42 Atlantic City New Orleans $5 Bismarck_ New York.. Boston_ Norfolk Buffalo_ kla. City.. Chicago_ aha_ Cincinnati-- mil., IS §etroit_ ...IsBurgh 6J 1 Paso_ Portland, Me. 61 alvei ton — St. Louis 7.' Harrisburg . Salt Lake C. Indianapolis " tonlo Kansas City lsco. Los Angeles. Louisville_ Czech 'Little People' Disappear By Thousands in Reds' Purge By th« AstocioUd Pr*»t PRAGUE, Oct. 15.—By the thousands, Czechoslovakia’s "lit tle people” are disappearing as th« Communist government’s purges reach through the middle classes. One of those thousands was a laughing blond, 20 years old, and on a date with her boy friend. But she was bom 20 years ago in Belgrade, the capital of that now-outlawed member of the Communist family, Yugoslavia. The police grabbed her, in the middle of her date. They took her keys. They searched her room. They found American magazines. They sealed the room with police stickers. And they moved on to purge others. v Fled Yugoslav Terror. The girl’s parents live in West ern Czechoslovakia. Her father is a Czech. He says his family left Yugoslavia to escape Premier Marshal Tito's "terror." Now he and his wife are in Prague. Their daughter’s land lady summoned them. When they arrived they started asking the police where their daughter was. Day after day they came to Prague's central police headquar ters. Tears in their eyes, they asked for information. For one week—no word. Then they were told to bring food packages. If these were accepted they could assume their daughter was being held. A minor police official took the elderly couple aside. “These are terrible times we live in,” he sadly told them. “I am sorry, but we can’t say anything.” They were not the only tear stained couples in the line at Prague’s Bartolomejska Street Prison. The queue of anxious rel atives was long. Thousands are missing since the purge started. Every one in the line got the same word. If your packages are ac cepted take it for granted your relatives are being held. The police didn’t say what had happened If the packages went begging. Determined to Find Daughter. “I experienced these conditions under Tito,” said the father of the blond girl, “but I did not think I would relive them here. “They seized my daughter and they won’t tell me where they have her. She may be in prison. She may be in a work camp. But I will find her. “Five policemen came to arrest her at night. Five policemen! Five policemen are enough to ar rest a gangster. My daughter was never a gangster. And yet they will not tell me where she is.” There was silence, then the old man spoke again: “But I say this —We lived through the Tito terror. I say this —a human being can withstand more punishment than an ani mal. My daughter will survive.” Hess Re-elecfed President Of Brightwood Citizens George R. Hess was re-elected president of the Brightwood Citi zens’ Association at the annual election of officers last night. Other officers elected were: Ed ward C. Hartung, vice president: Norris O’Connell, recording secre tary; Mrs Seline Foster, corres ponding secretary; Mrs. Edgar L. Robinson, treasurer; delegates to the Federation of Citizens’ Asso ciations, Mr. Hatrung and Karl K. Gower. ,The following committee chair men were announced: Mr. Har tung, membership; John Clagett Proctor, Memorial Day exercies; Mrs. Elmer Johnson, hospitality; S. J. Zerger, zoning; Mrs. Jennie E. Clark, library and playgrounds; Mr. Gower, streets and highways; Mrs. Alfred Hanson, health and sanitation; Thomas F. Ferry, pub licity; M. M. Flanders, program. The association indorsed the candidacy of John Sullivan for the office of president of the Fed eration and Mr. Gower as a mem ber of the executive committee of the Federation. It was voted to protest to the District Zoning Commission an application to change property at 5410 Illinois avenue N.W. from residential “A” to commercial. The association went on record favoring the elimination of the personal property tax and reduc tion of the real estate tax from $2.15 to $2 per 100 assessed valua tion. Approval was given radio programs now being broadcast in street oars and buses of the Capi tal Transit. The meeting was held in the Paul Junior High School with Mr. Hess presiding. Milk Producers to Confer On Date for Price Hearing Maryland and Virginia Milk Producers’ Association officials will confer with Agriculture Depart ment authorities next week on setting a date for hearings on the association’s request that the $6.06 a hundredweight fluid milk price set last spring be continued, a department spokesman said to day. In the absence of Bruce B. Der rick, executive secretary, who was out of town, the association’s of fices here had no comment on why the request, filed yesterday, was made. The previous price was $5.06, but no petition has been received to revert to that figure, it was explained. The Agriculture Department ordinarily takes testimony on petitions of the kind submitted by the association and probably would not make a ruling for at least a month, an official said. The association, which includes producers that supply more than 85 per cent of the milk distributed in Washington, asked that a hear ing be held on its. petition. Appropriations (Continued From First Page.) Approved by the House, is holding up the $14,790,000,000 armed serv ices money bill. The House acted yesterday to extend to next Tuesday the tem porary authority for the military branches to meet their payrolls. It turned down a Senate exten sion to January, which would have put off final action on the money bill until next session. Senator Elmer Thomas, Demo crat, of Oklahoma, chairman of an appropriations subcommittee which handled the bill, told re porters he doesn’t see much hope of reaching an agreement in the Air Force argument. He said he doesn’t know whether the Senate will act on the continuing reso lution immediately. There seemed little opposition for the foreign arms measure. Senator Wherry of Nebraska, the Republican floor leader, pre dicted its prompt approval by the Senate as soon as the committee acts. Still another appropriation measure was signed yesterday by President Truman. It was a sup plemental $78,005,129 money bill containing among other things, $11,500,000 in new funds for the State Department’s Voice of America broadcasts and $5,000,000 to start an Air Force guided mis siles project. Speculative influences are mak ing a lively coffee market in Ethi opia. Malmedy Probe Report Cites German Efforts To Revive Naziism ly th« Asiociottd Prtti Senate investigators have closed the books on the Malmedy mas sacre probe with a warning that powerful groups in Germany were exploiting the protests over Amer ican handling of Nazi war crimes trials in an effort to revive Ger man nationalism. Declaring that this “presents dangerous possibilities” threaten-; ing future peace, they also urged an immediate two-pronged in quiry by the Defense and Justice Departments to determine: 1. If this alleged move to re kindle the Nazis’ nationalistic aims “is part of a larger plan to' bring parts of Germany into closer relationship with the Soviet Union.” 2. Whether or not activities are being carried on in this country which are of such a nature as to discredit and injure American prestige and our public interest in Germany • • *.” Highlights of Report. These were highlights of a 39 page report late yesterday by a* Senate Armed Services subcom mittee on its lengthy hearings here and abroad on the way the Army handled the Malmedy trial. The three-man group made the investigation after Congress re ceived protests that the military prosecutors and investigators used brutal methods to obtain confes jions from the Nazi Storm Troopers accused of killing 350 unarmed American soldiers and 100 Bel gian civilians during the Battle of the Bulge in December, 1944. A military war crimes court con victed 73 German soldiers in this case and 42 were given death sen tences and the rest long prison terms. Lesser penalties, however, were imposed after a series of re views of the trial. Senator Baldwin, Republican, of Connecticut, chairman of the in vestigating group, said they found no credible evidence of “beatings, kickings, torture and other phys ical brutality,” as some witnesses had charged at the hearings here. But he went on to say that they had found that «ome unethical methods had been used, such as preliminary “mock trials,” which they sharply criticized. False Charges Cited. The report laid special stress on the spreading of what it termed "obviously false charges” by per sons in this country and in Germany. "No matter what the facts were in the case.” Senator Baldwin said, “in the minds of a great many Americans and practically all Germans, the allegations were accepted as fact.” On this score the committee sharply criticised Judge Edward L. Van Roden of Pennsylvania, a former Army colonel who took part in one of the Malmedy re view trials, and the National Council for the Prevention of War. The report said most of the false charges had been widely publicized in this country and Germany "through the media of the publications and speeches of Judge Van Roden” and the anti war organization. “Judge Van Roden has shown very'poor Judgment in publicizing such statements without cor roborating the facts,” Senator Baldwin commented as he read the report. As for the anti-war council, he said it had maintained a "con stant correspondence with certain people in Germany” and that its “activities in this matter, which go far beyond the Malmedy case, have been most damaging to the national interests of our country, and to the cause of peace.” Baldwin Questioned. Senator McCarthy, Republican, of Wisconsin, who previously had charged that the Armed Services Committee Inquiry would result in “a whitewash of Army officials,” asked numerous questions of Sen- : ator Baldwin during the lengthy report on the Senate floor yester day. Senator McCarthy, although not a member of the Armed Services Committee, took part in the initial subcommittee hearings in this country. He finally Walked out when other Senators rejected his demand that wit nesses favorable to the Aimy un dergo lie-detector tests. Conferees Consider Major Concession to House on Farm Bill By th« A»*oeiat#d Prttt Senate conferees were reported today considering a major conces sion to the House toward a farm bill compromise, with Majority Leader Lucas apparently holding the balance. As the Senate and House con ferees scheduled a third effort to hammer out an agreement, mem bers disclosed that a single'vote yesterday had prevented accept ance of a three-year extension of present high Government price supports for six basic crops. Although the Senate had beaten back a somewhat similar plan after a stiff fight, three Senate conferees were said to have voted for it in the committee with four —including Senator Lucas—op posed. The Illinois Senator was quoted as mentioning a two-year exten sion as a substitute, with corn eliminated from the list of affect ed crops. Then, members said, he asked time to think the whole matter over. House Concession Seen. Senator Lucas was a leader in the successful Senate battle to write a farm law providing for eventual flexible supports for live basic crops, pegged to available supplies. Presumably, acceptance of the House proposal by Senate con ferees would be the signal for House concessions on at least part of a long list of other crops, in cluding dairy products, eggs, chicken, Irish potatoes and numerous others. The basic crops are cotton, wheat, corn, rice, peanuts and tobacco. Both House and Senate bills call for continued high sup ports for tobacco. In addition to 8enator Lucas, the compromise plan was opposed by Senators Anderson, Democrat, of New Mexico—sponsor of the Senate flexible price bill and for mer Secretary of Agriculture— Aiken, Republican, of Vermont and Thye, Republican, of Min nesota. Bumper Com Crop Cited. Senator Anderson has agreed to supports at 90 per cent of parity on basic crops for next year if farmers face controls, but after that he wants a sliding scale of supports from 75 to 90 per cent. Conferees said corn might not be included in the proposed com promise extension because of two recent bumper crops and the fact that most of it is fed to livestock* by the grower. Senator Aiken said he is vio ently opposed to even a two-year jxtension of flxed-percentage sup ports for basic crops. “After two years of these rigid, ligh-level supports farmers would k in a straight-jacket it might take generations to get out of, or *he farm program might be en tirely wrecked,” he said. Senator Aiken is author of a flexible price-support act passed »y the Republican-controlled Con tress last year in a session-end compromise. It was not to be ef fective until next January 1. Hungary (Continued From First Page.) Appeals anyway. The court re jected the appeals. Pleas Not Forwarded. The defense attorneys then asked that the appeals be for warded to the Hungarian Presi dential Council, the nation's su preme judicial authority. The Foreign Ministry announced today that these pleas were not for warded, since the Appeals Court already had ruled the sentences just. Those hanged with Rajk, the Foreign Ministry spokesman said, were Dr. Tibor Szoenyi, 46, direc tor of the Cadre system of the Hungarian Communist Party, and as such the supervisor of the party’s rank and file, and Andras Szalai, 32, Szoenyl’s deputy. The appeals court yesterday also confirmed prison terms pronounced against three other of Rajk’s co defendants. Lazar Brankov, 37, a Yugoslav who had been coun sellor of the Yugoslav Legation in Budapest, and Pal Justus, 44, for mer vice president of the Hun garian radio, got life sentences. Milan Ognyenovic, a Hungarian citizen of Serbian origin, got nine years. The government said he was a spy for Yugoslavia. Two Remain to Be Sentenced. " Two other defendants—Lt. Gen. Gyorgy Palffy, 40, former chief of the Hungarian Army, and' Bela Korondy, a former major—remain to be sentenced. Their cases were turned over by the Peoples’ Court to 1i military tribunal. All the defendants were chained, in addition to treason, with espi onage and with plotting to assas sinate Hungarian leaders, includ ing Matyas Rakosl, the No. 1 man in Hungarian communism. 2 New York Firemen Lost In Collapse of Building By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Oct. 15.—Rescue workers early today dug through the charred debris of a fire wrecked building in search for two firemen trapped when part of the structure collapsed. Fire Chief Peter Loftus said there was “little hope” for the two missing men. They were said to have been on the groiind floor of the burning building when the roof and three floors of the structure caved in. After the fire was extinguished, rescue crews using pneumatic drills and other tools, dug into the heaps of wreckage from two sides of the building at 21 West Seventeenth street, just north of Greenwich Village. Four other fire fighters were rescued from the building after the interior structure collapsed. First known concrete sewer pipe in the United States was built in 1842 In New York. Man Breaks Bottle Over Head Twice, Then Strikes Out By th* Associated Pres* PASSAIC, N. J„ Oct. 15.—A for mer carnival entertainer bet he could break a bottle over his own head. He won the wage twice. On the third strike he was out—cold. Detective Alex Marton said yes terday a friend of Elrich Powell, 28, bet him 25 cents he couldn’t break an empty wine bottle over his own head. Powell was game, took a swing, and collected. Encouraged by success, Powell accepted another 25-cent wager, Mr. Marton said. He shattered the bottle over his head again with no bad effects and collected another quarter. But the third time he tried it he ended up in Beth Israel Hos pital with 10 stitches in his scalp and a possible concussion. Mr. Marton said Powell told him he also swallow lighted matches. 9 Alcoa Plants to Face Walkout Monday as Negotiations Break Off By tht Associated Press PITTSBURGH. Oct. 15.—Nine plants of the giant Aluminum; Co. of America face a strike at 12:01 a.m. Monday. Alcoa and the CIO United Steel-! workers’ Union last night broke off pension and insurance nego tiations. The company said the breakup came after the union refused accept the pension and social in surance plan offered by Alcoa. Alcoa said it offered 6 cents for pensions and 4 cents for insur ance—Just what the union is seeking. String Attached to Offer. But Alcoa attached a string to its offer: It insisted the pension plan be subject to adjustment in line with any future changes in the social security laws. That was the snag. Alcoa said the union turned down the offer fiat. There was no immediate com ment from steelworker officials. Aluminum would become . the third major Industry to join the! strike parade. The Nation’s coal! miners and the steel workers; already are out. The issues in the steel and! aluminum disputes are the same: The steel workers want a wholly company paid pension and insur ance program. ✓ Would Affect 16,000. An Alcoa strike would affect 16,000 workers in plants at Alcoa, Tenn.; New Kensington, Pa.; Badin. N. C.; Bridgeport, Conn.; Edge water. N. J.; Detroit, Bauxite, Ark.; Richmond, Ind., and Mobile, Ala. A company spokesman said only 50 per cent of Alcoa production would be affected since workers at its other 16 plants are represented by AFL and other unions. The spokesman said _ shutting down operations will begin today at Alcoa and Badin. These are the only two basic aluminum mak ing plants involved. The huge aluminum smelting pots must be drained and banked. The other plants are fabricating units. There a mere flick of a switch will halt the assembly lines that turn out things like pots and pans and modem furniture. D. C. Crime Blamed In Part on Congress Responsibility for the excessive recurrence of major crimes re cently charged to the District by the House District Committee was laid at the door of Congress last night by The Washingtonians. The group passed a resolution expressing confidence in the abil ity and integrity of the Metro politan Police Department in its efforts toward law enforcement, but it deplored the failure of Congress to appropriate sufficient funds for an adequate police force. "Crime here is no worse than anywhere else,” said Miss Etta L. Taggart, president of the group. “It’s just that we aren’t given enough police to. cope with a growing city.” Miss Taggart added that she is sure the forth coming congressional investiga tion of crime in the District will find the police have "a clean bill of health.” In other business, the group re iterated its stands in favor of a national lottery and a municipal stadium for the District. Mrs. Marie Moore Forrest, a member of the group, was recom mended for appointment to the Sesquicentennial Commission. Miss Taggart and Miss Mar garet E. Rauber were re-elected as delegates to the Federation of Citizens’ Associations and were urged by the group to back Her bert Perry Leeman for president of the Federation in the November elections. The meeting was held at the Highlands Apartments, Con necticut avenue and California street N.W. Czech (Continued From First Page.) nounced that henceforth it would be illegal to circulate papal en cyclicals in this predominately Catholic country. Church Sees New Oppression In Czechs' Control Law ROME, Oct. 15 (JP).—Catholic Action’s II Quotidiano today called Czechoslovakia’s church control law “a new instrument of oppres sion forged to shut out even spir itual aspirations from hope and life.” The new laws, adopted unani mously yesterday by Prague’s Communist government, follow the lines of Adolf Hitler, said the Catholic newspaper. Quotidiano said Alexei Cepicka, Czech minister of justice, "lied, and he knew that he lied, yester day when he declared that only 10 per cent of the clergy had de clared themselves opposed to the new law." Stock Market Quiet, Attention Centers On Radio-TV Shares By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Oct. 15.—Radio television issues gathered the lion’s share of demand today in an otherwise quiet stock market. Volume of trading was at the rate of 500,000 shares for the en tire day. These stocks were fractions to more than a point higher, while others in the list made modest gains or dropped behind. New highs for the year were reached by Admiral, Emerson and ; Motorola on the upswing, i Good sales and earnings figures I are general right now in the in dustry, which is expanding rap idly with the extension of pro gram transmission facilities to distant cities. Rails Tend Lower. The railroads turned in a back ward performance for the most part after starting out steady. That proved a disappointment to those who are looking for strength in the rails to match the forward march of the industrial issues in the rising market of the past four months. Steels were a shade on the | downside, while motors and utili ties were narrowly mixed. Gold shares were neglected with the exception of Homestake Min ing, which ran up around a point at one time and set a new high for the year en route. Metal mining issues lagged. Late yesterday one leading custom smelter cut the price of lead % of a cent to 13 cents a pound, the sharpest reduction in the current lower curve in the lead price. Back of the reduction is a slowing down in domestic demand for the metal and the fact that foreign pro ducers are offering their product in the United States at a level below American prices. Uncertainties Curb Trading. Market action today for the most part was one of Saturday caution, especially in the face of uncertainties obtaining in the steel and coal industries. Reopening of negotiations in steel are not in sight at the moment, and the coal talks will not be resumed until Tuesday. Both are deadlocked. Stocks going higher included Westinghouse, Magnavox, Philco, Zenith, Chrysler. American Can, International Telephone & Tele graph and Lockheed. On the downside were Santa Fe, Southern Pacific, Republic Steel, General! Motors. International Harvester, Distillers Corp., Seagrams, Ameri can Woolen, American Smelting, United States Gypsum and Lehigh Portland Cement. Treason Trial to Hear Monitor as Witness Frank X. Green, wartime dir^p tor of the short-wave listening post at Silver Hill, Md., will take the witness stand at the treason trial of Herbert J. Burgman in District Cqurt Monday to describe the propaganda broadcasts the 53-year-old defendant made over the German radio. Following Mr. Green’s testi mony the prosecution plans to introduce recordings of Burg man’s broadcasts which were made at the Silver Hill station and the recordings confiscated in Berlin after American troops reached the German capital. Paul Noback, chief technician for the German Broadcasting Co. during the war, testified yester day that he supervised the re cording of Burgman’s radio talks which were given under the alias of “Joe Scanlon.” Although Burgman told his lis teners he was talking over a clandestine radio station located in the Midwest, all of his broad casts went on the air from Berlin, Noback testified. Burgman was chief clerk in the office of the Military Attache at the American Embassy in Berlin when Germany declared war on the United States. He refused to return to the United States with other members of the Embassy staff, and signed a contract with the German Broadcasting Co. in May, 1942. Lawson, Trumbo Seek Review of Convictions Attorneys for John Howard Lawson and Dalton Trumbo, mo tion picture writers, announced today that the American Civil Liberties Union and 18 other or ganizations have filed briefs ask ing the Supreme Court to review the conviction of the two men on contempt-of-Congress charges. Lawson and Trumbo were con victed in District Court here on charges growing out of their re fusal to answer questions by the House Committee on Un-Ameri can Activities in October, 1947, concerning Communist affiliation. Eight other Hollywood personages were indicted on the same charges and await trial. London's Hungry Cats Raid Tower for Food By tht Associated Press LONDON, Oct. 15,—The wild cats of London’s bomb rubble jungle attacked the ancient for tress, the Tower of London, last night. The governor of the tower sent an urgent call for aid today to the People’s Dispensary for Sick Animals. He reported the cats — house cats turned wild as lynxes—bat tled the resident cats of the tower and tried to raid quartermaster stores for a bit to eat. Foreign Service Assigns Edward J. Born to Bern Edward J. Born, 2737 Fourth street N.E., has drawn Bern, Switzerland, as his first assign ment in the American Foreign Service. Mr. Born was one of 28 new Foreign Service officers who de ceived their commissions in a ceremony at the State Dspartment late yesterday. Four women were in the group. Conferees' New Pay Table The following table shows what each Government employe starts to receive under the salary pro visions approved yesterday by House-Senate conferees. To find your present salary, look in the left-hand column. The middle column shows what the new rate is, and the right-hand column shows the amount of the increase. Classified Employes. I Existing New Increase | rates rates GS-1. ! $2,020.00 $2,200 $180.00 I 2,086.00 2,200 114.00 2.152.00 2,280 128.00 2.218.00 2,360 142.00 2.284.00 2,440 156.00 2.350.00 2,520 170.00 2,423.04 2,600 176.96 2,498.28 2,680 181.72 2,573.52 2,680 106.48 GS-2. $2,284.00 $2,450 $166.00 2.350.00 2,530 180.00 2,423.04 2,610 186.96 2,498.28 2,690 191.72 2,573.52 2,770 196.48 2,648.76 2,850 201.24 2.724.00 2,930 206.00 GS-3. $2,498.28 $2,650 $151.72 2,573.52 2,730 156.48 2,648.76 2,810 161.24 2.724.00 2,890 166.00 2,799.24 2,970 170.76 2,874.48 3,050 175.52 2,949.72 3,130 180.28 GS-4. $2,724.00 $2,875.00 $151.00 2,799.24 2,955.00 155.76 2,874.48 3,035.00 160.52 2,949.72 3,115.00 165.28 3,024.96 3,195.00 170.04 3,100.20 3,275.00 174.80 3,175.44 3,355.00 179.56 GS-5. $2,974.80 $3,100.00 $125.20 3.100.20 3,225.00 124.80 3.225.60 3,350.00 124.40 3.351.00 3,475.00 124.00 3.476.40 3,600.00 123.60 3,601.80 3,725.00 123.20 3.727.20 3,850.00 122.80 3.852.60 3,975.00* 122.40 3.978.00 4,100.00* 122.00 4.103.40 4,225.00* 121.60 GS-6. $3,351.00 $3,450.00 $99.00 3.476.40 3,575.00 98.60 3.601.80 3,700.00 98.20 3.727.20 3,825.00 97.80 3,852.60 3,950.00 97.40 3,978.00 4,075.00 97.00 4.103.40 4,200.00 96.60 GS-7. $3,727.20 $3,825 $97.80 3.852.60 3,950 97.40 3.978.00 4,075 97.00 4.103.40 4,200 96.60 4.228.80 4,325 96.20 4.354.20 4,450 95.80 4.479.60 4,575 95.40 GS-8. $4,103.40 $4,200 $96.60 4.228.80 4,325 96.20 4,354.20 4,450 95.80 4,479.60 4,575 95.40 4.605.00 4,700 95.00 4.730.40 4,825 94.60 4.855.80 4,950 94.20 GS-9. $4,479.60 $4,600 $120.40 4.605.00 4,725 120.00 4.730.40 4,850 119.60 4.855.80 4,975 119.20 4.981.20 5,100 118.80 5,106.60 5,225 118.40 5.232.00 5,350 118.00 GS-10. $4,855.80 $5,000.00 $144.20 4.981.59 5,125.00 143.80 5.106.60 5,250.00 143.40 5.232.00 5,375.00 143.00 5.357.40 5,500.00 142.60 5.482.80 5,625.00 142.20 5.608.20 5,750.00 141.80 GS-11. $5,232.00 $5,400.00 $168.00 5.482.80 5,600.00 117.20 5.733.60 5,800.00 66.40 5.984.40 6,000.00 15.60 - 6,200.00 _ 6.235.20 6.4QO.OO 164.80 G6-12. $6,235.20 $6,400.00 $164.80 6.474.60 6,600.00 125.40 6.714.00 6,800.00 86.00 6.953.40 7,000.00 46.60 7.192.80 7,200.00 7.20 - 7,400.00 _ GS-13. $7,432.20 $7,600.00 $167.80 7.671.60 7,800.00 128.40 7.911.00 - 8,000.00 89.00 8.150.40 8,200.00 49.60 8.389.80 8,400.00 10.20 - 8,600.00 . GS-14. $8,509.50 $8,800.00 $290.50 8,808.75 9,000.00 191.25 9.108.00 9,200.00 92.00 _ 9,400.00 . 9,407.25 9,600.00 192.75 9,706.50 9,800.00 93.50 GS-15. $_ $10,000.00 $. _ 10,250.00 _ 10.305.00 10,500.00 195.00 10.330.00 10,500.00 170.00 _ 10,750.00 . _ 11,000.00 . (The conferees are expected to agree today on the rates to be paid in grades QS-16, 17 and 18, with a top Federal ceiling of be tween $12,500 to $14,000.) ♦For incumbents only, (—) not a scheduled rate. 3 Ex-Postal Employes On Probation in Thefts •y the Associated Frost BALTIMORE, Oct. 15.—Three former postal employes, including two who served in the Washington area, yesterday were placed on probation after pleading guilty in Federal Court to charges of rob bing the mails. Paul M. Rousseau, jr., 21, mail clerk at the Mount Rainier (Md.) post office, was placed on proba tion for two years for the theft of about $700. He has made full restitution, postal authorities told the court Robert R. Brooks. 51, of Nor malville, Pa., who admitted steal ing from the malls while in the railway mail service between Washington and Cumberland, Md., was fined $250 and placed on probation. He has been in the postal service for 25 years. Also placed on probation was Mrs. Gladys Rosenblatt, 27, of Baltimore, former clerk at the Army chemical center post office at Edgewood. She was instructed by the court to make full restitu tion of approximately $75 she is accused of taking from the mails. CPC (craft, protective and cus todial employes): Existing New Rates. Rates. Increase. CPC-1. $1,410.00 $1,510.00 $100.00 - 1,570.00 _ 1.500.00 1,630.00 130.00 1.588.00 1,690.00 102.00 - 1,750.00 _ 1.660.00 1,810.00 150.00 1.732.00 1,870.00 138.00 CPC-2. $2,020.00 $2,120.00 $100.00 I 2.086.00 2,190.00 104.00 | 2,152.00 2,260.00 108.00 I 2,218.00 2,330.00 112.00 2.284.00 2,400.00 116.00 2.350.00 2,470.00 120.00 - 2,540.00 _ 2,423.04 2,498.28 _ CPC-3. ,$2,152.00 $2,252.00 $100.00 2.218.00 2,332.00 114.00 2.284.00 2,412.00 128.00 2.350.00 2,492.00 142.00 2,423.04 2,572.00 148.96 2,498.28 2,852.00 153.72 - 2,732.00 _ CPC-4. $2,350.00 $2,450.00 $100.00 2,423.04 2,530.00 106.96 2,498.28 2,610.00 111.72 2,573.52 2,690.00 116.48 2,648.76 2,770.00 121.24 2.724.00 2,850.00 126.00 2,799.24 2,930.00 130.76 CPC-5. $2,573.52 $2,674.00 "$100.48 2,648.76 2,754.00 105.24 2.724.00 2,834.00 110.00 2,799.24 2,914.00 114.76 2,874.48 2,994.00 119.52 2,949.72 3,074.00 124.28 3,024.96 3,154.00 129.04 CPC-6. $2,799.24 $2,900.00 $100.76 2,874.48 2,980.00 105.52 2,949.72 3,060.00 110.28 3,024.96 3.140.00 115.04 3,100.20 3,220.00 119.80 3,175.44 3,300.00 124.56 3,250.68 3,380.00 129.32 CPC-7. $3,024.96 $3,125.00 $100.04 3.100.20 • 3,225.00 124.80 3,175.44 3,325.00 149.56 3,250.68 3,425.00 174.32 3.351.00 3,525.00 174.00 3,476.40 3,625.00 148.60 3.601.80 3,725.00 123.20 CPC-8. $3,225.60 $3,400.00 $174.40 3.351.00 3,525.00 174.00 3.476.40 3,650.00 173.60 3.601.80 3,775.00 173.20 3.727.20 3,900.00 172.80 3,852.60 4,025.00 172.40 3.978.00 4,150.00 172.00 CPC-9. $3,601.80 $3,775.00 $173.20 3.727.20 3,900.00 172.80 3.852.60 4,025.00 172.40 3.978.00 4,150.00 172.00 4.103.40 4,275.00 171.60 4.228.80 4,400.00 171.20 4.354.20 4,525.00 170.80 CPC-10. $3,978.00 $4,150.00 $172.00 4.103.40 4,275.00 171.60 4,228.80 4,400.00 171.20 4,354.20 4,525.00 170.80 4.479.60 4.650.00 170.40 4.605.00 4,775.00 170.00 4.730.40 4,900.00 169.60 China (Continued From First Page.) mained indoors last night. The | city was quiet except for occa sional bursts of rifle fire. I Early this morning Communist personnel in civilian clothes ap peared in the streets. They were busy preparing for the entry of regular Communist troops. One of the last reports from Canton before the Reds arrived said the retreating Nationalists blew up the civilian and military airports and the famed Honam Bridge across the Pearl River, which flows through the city. Accuses Mao Again. In his Chungking pledge to con tinue fighting against the Reds, Acting President Li uttered again a familiar charge. He accused Communist Leader Mao Tze-tung of the “intention to make China a part of the Soviet orbit behind the Iron Curtain, to sell out the nation and enslave the people.” Hong Kong political observers said Li’s arrival at Chungking yesterday showed plainly his in tention to continue the war by the side of his bitter political adver sary, “retired” President Chiang Kai-shek. Li has the backing of Oen. Pal Chung-hsi, who commands 200, 000 of the best troops left to the Nationlists. Pai pulled his armies back into his native Kwangsi province from the front north of Canton. Dispatches from Taipeh said Premier Yen Hsi-shan and other high Nationalist officials left For mosa, Chlang’s bastion, by air this morning for Chungking. Italy Rejects Red Request To Recognize New Regime ROME, Oct. 15 W.—The Italian government brushed aside today a Communist request for Italy to recognize the new Chinese Communist regime of Mao Tze tung. Communist Senator Umberto Terr acini made the request lu the chamber. Aldo Moro, under secretary of foreign affairs, re plied merely that Italy was “fol lowing the development of events.” Polish Club Dance Tonight The Polish Club of Washington will hold its regular monthly dance at 8:45 o’clock. tonight at the Stansbury Temple, 5832 Georgia avenue N.W, Both Ameri can and Polish music will be played. Star Classified Ads Offer Bigger Choice For Better Bargains Week In and week out The Star carries more individual classified ads than the three other Washington newspapers combined. t This means you have a wider choice of goods and services from which to select just the bargain you want when you consult Washington’s leading classified medium—THE STAR.