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Some cloudiness but mostly sunny and highest near 70 today. Tomorrow mostly sunny and somewhat warmer in after noon. Noon --.68 6 p.m.-.68 11 p.m. 62 2 p.m.-.73 8 p.m.-.64 Midnight 62 4 p.m..-71 10 p.m.-.62 l a m.-.62 ^-' ^ WITH DAILY EVENING EDITION Home Delivery The Evening and Sunday Star is delivered by carrier to all subscribers at $1.20 per month when 4 Sundays; $1.30 per month when 5 Sundays, Night Final edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per month. Telephone ST. 5000. __An Associated Press Newspaper 97th Year. No. 284. S WASHINGTON, D. 0., OCTOBER 16, 1949—168 PAGES. ★ *wn’dshsS TEN CENTS. iLffi8 Senate Recommits DP Bill, 36-30; Conferees' Accord for Farm Price ! Props at 90% of Parity Blows Up i 4 Committee Told ’ To Bring Measure Back in January By J. A. O'Leary The Senate last night put the bill to liberalize the displaced per sons law on a committee shelf until January, as Congress made plans to adjourn this week. The administration lost its fight to add the refugee bill to the hst of this session's accomplishments when the opposition succeeded in recommitting it to the Judiciary Committee, 36 to 30. Democrats and Republicans both were split sharply on the question. Seventeen Democrats joined with 19 Republicans to recommit the bill, while 16 Democrats and 14 Republicans sought to keep the bill before the Senate by voting against recommittal. Taft Flies Bacl/to Vote. Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio, was in Marietta. Ohio, at 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon, but flew back to Washington in time to cast his vote when the roll was called at 7 p.m. He voted with supporters of the bill by op posing recommittal. The recommittal motion direct ed the Judiciary Commitee to re port the measure back to the Senate by January 25. This would be three weeks after the next session starts. Senator Myers of Pennsylvania, the assistant Democratic" leader, said the vote for recommittal did not represent the Senate senti ment on the bill itself. He explained that many Sena tors who favor it w’ere willing to put off a showdown until January to prevent a delay in adjournment of Congress. He predicted passage of the measure then by a big majority. “Must” Bills Still Pending. Recommittal of the bill left the following list of “must” measures! awaiting final action in both! houses before the legislators can head homeward Wednesday or Thursday after being in session nearly 10 months. 1. Action by both houses on a farm bill, on which House and Senate conferees are still in dis agreement. 2. The $14,844,000,000 National defense appropriation bill, still deadlocked by the fight between House and Senate over whether the Air Force should have 48 or 58 air groups. 3. A last supplemental appro priation bill, carrying the $1,314,-} 010,000 fund for military aid to Western Europe, and other co operating areas. This bill con tains other last-minute miscel laneous item£. It has passed the House, and probably will be re ported to the Senate Tuesday. 4. Action by both houses on con ference reports granting pay in creases in the classified civil serv-1 ice and postal employes. 5. Action by both houses on a conference agreement, raising the minimum wage law from 40 to 75 cents an hour. The House will act on this Tuesday. 6. Senate action on the confer ence report on the bill to legalize the basing-point pricing system in the absence of conspiracy to les sen competition. Other Issues Postponed. Recommittal of the displaced persons bill last night added that controversial issue to a list of (Continued on Page A-6, Col. 1.) New Suspect Is Arrested In Mutilation Slaying of Boy A new suspect, described by a homicide squad detective as "the best yet,” was arrested last night for questioning in the mutilation slaying of 8-year-old Harrison McKinley Walker last Sunday. The Walker boy, who was col ored and who lived at 2454 Snow’s court N.W., was beaten and stabbed repeatedly. His body was found floating in Rock Creek. The suspect is a 35-year-old col . ored man who is a Government clerk and a graduate of Howard University, police said. He was arrested at his home about 8:30 p.m. United Nations Booklets on Sale In Star Lobby During United Nations Week which begins tomorrow in the District, The Star will offer for sale at cost an attractive Illustrated booklet which out lines the important objectives and functions of the UN and its specialized agencies. Copies of the booklet may be obtained for 25 cents each at the business counter in The Star lobby beginning tomor row. Radio Programs, Page C-8 Complete Index, Page A-Z Longer's 'Sit-Down' Address Startles Tradition-Bound Senate Won't Be Precedent, Insists Lucas; Used His Chair, Cries Morse Senator Langer, Republican, of North Dakota, made history by remaining seated as he addressed the Senate yesterday, but Majority Leader Lucas served notice last night it will not become a prece dent as long as he remains as floor leader The tall, rugged North Dakotan began his speech on the displaced persons bill in the customary way —on his feet. Anticipating he would speak at some length, most senators left the chamber. Only a few' were present when Senator Langer caught the leaders off-guard by asking unanimous consent that he be permitted to complete his remarks sitting down. When no one objected, it had the effect of approving his request. Leaning back comfortably in one of the big red leather sen atorial chairs. Senator Langer read most of his prepared address in the same stentorian tones to which he is accustomed. His sit ting posture did not even cramp his desk-pounding method of driving home a point. But it was a rare sight in the SENATOR LANGER Demonstrates his surpris ing "sit down" in the Senate. —AP Photo. Senate, which prides itself on ob serving time-honored customs, and Senator Lucas, who entered the chamber after the request was <See LANGER, Page A-5.' Nationalists Fleeing West of Canton Under Hot Pursuit by Reds ' j Communists Occupy City And Nearby Area Up to Border of Hong Kong BRITISH OFFICIALS PLAN! Singapore Session to Discuss Red Peril. rage A-4. CANTON YMCA BUILDING Guarded By Workers With Base ball Bats. Page A-8. By the Associated Press HONG KONG, Sunday, Oct. 16 The Chinese Communists last night completed the occupation of Canton and reached the border *>f the British colony of Hong Kong. The refugee Nationalist govern ment formally set up shop in Chungking, 600 miles by air to the northwest, vowing to fight to the end despite all setbacks. Regular communications with Canton, the recent provisional capital, remained severed. Private and pro-Communist re ports, however, said occupation of the city was completed at 9 p.m. The Communist radio in Peiping said the first troops had marched in at 6:30 p.m. Friday The Communist broadcast also said Red forces had raced 25 miles west of Canton in hot pur suit of the Nationalist garrison which had fled a day earlier. No Word of Resistance. There was no word of any Na tionalist resistance in or around Canton, a city of more than 1,-! 000,000 population. So peaceful was the occupation that Red civil administrative personnel were said to have preceded the soldiers into town. By nightfall Communist units were reported to have taken sev eral points on Hong Kong’s 14 mile mainland border. In the village of Shataokok, which be strides the border, the Reds took the Chinese half while t£e British! continued to occupy the colony’s half. Nationalist troops had with-; drawn a few hours earlier. More than 30,000 British troops <~See CHINA," Page A-4.) U. S. Vessel Fired on By Nationalist Ship By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Oct. 15. — An American steamship reported she was fired on by a Chinese Nation alist vessel while leaving Shang hai today, her owner said tonight. H. J. Isbrandtsen, president of the Isbrandtsen Steamship Co., said the message was received from the line’s S. S. Flying Trader. She reported that the National ist ship fired on her outside Chi nese territorial limits. "So far as we know the vessel was stopped," he said. "We have no information that she has pro ceeded.” Mr. Isbrandtsen said the ship carried 50 crewmen and passen gers, and a cargo worth about $5, 000,000, including army cargo. He said he had notified the State Department of the report because “it is time all that sort of thing were stopped.” Mr. Isbrandtsen had urged ac tion by the Government after two other ships of his line reported they were detained by the Chinese i Nationalists recently. I Bradley Says Russia Has 175 Divisions, Can Expand to 502 Tells Senate Committee Reds Could Put 300 In Field in 60 Days By th« Associated Press Gen. Omar N. Bradley yesterday pictured a big Russian army as able to double and almost triple its combat divisions within months, Senators said, as he urged passage of the arms-for-Europe appropriation. Gen. Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was report ed by Senate Appropriations com mitteemen to have told them that: Russia now has 175 combat di visions in readiness. She could put 300 divisions into combat within 60 days. The Soviet could step up its military power to 502 divisions in a matter of months. Gen. Bradley testified behind closed doors to the committee on the $1,314,010,000 foreign arms ap propriation bill which the House passed Friday by a voice vote. One billion dollars of the money is for the opening phase of rearming European members of the Atlantic pact as a bulwark against possible Communist aggression. The balance will be used to fur nish arms and equipment else where—including Turkey, Greece, Iran, Korea and the Philippines. The China area may be Included at the President’s discretion. The Senate was expected to lose little time in approving the ap propriation after its expected clearance by the committee. Senator Wherry, Republican, ot Nebraska, a member of the ap propriations group and critic of the program, reported that United States military authorities esti mate it would take at least 50 divisions to check a Soviet on slaught. The arms pfogram would | re-equip about 15 divisions in the first year of operation. Senator Wherry said, however, | it would cost $20,000,000,000 to put ; 50 combat divisions into the field for the North Atlantic pact coun U5ee FOREIGN ARMS, Page A-4.) Lack of Agreement May Endanger Plans to Adjourn By the Associated Press A tentative agreement on bit terly-contested farm price legis lation blew up last night. Senate and House members of a conference committee were right back where they started. They came out of a long session apparently in complete disagree ment over a fundamental section of their conflicting bills. The basic dispute the bills pre sented was: Shall the Government continue to support at 90 per cent of parity all major crops, provided they are under maximum Government reg ulation? Or would a sliding scale of sup- j ports from 75 to 90 per cent be! better? New Attempt To Be Made. A mornipg meeting brought agreement on a 90 per cent plan, by a vote of 11 to 3. At nightfall, the 14 conferees threw aside this agreement and adjourned until tomorrow to start a new attempt to patch up a farm price support measure. Plans to close out Congress this -’cek for the year might be en dangered by this latest develop ment. Chairman Cooley of the House Agriculture Committee and his House colleagues, who earlier had forecast a final compromise at yesterday afternoon's session, said when they left: i “We may not be able to reach any agreement at all now.’’ Lucas and Anderson Switch. Other conferees said a switch by Senate Majority Leader Lucas and Senator Anderson, Democrat, of New Mexico, scuttled the com promise. Both had voted earlier in the day for support payments at 90 per cent of parity when maximum controls were applied. Senator Ellender, Democrat.! of Louisiana, one of the conferees, said there still was a chance for later agreement. The scrapped agreement would have ordered supports at 90 per cent of parity for cotton, wheat, corn, tobacco, rice and peanuts whenever farmers submitted to the maximum cuts the law provides in planting, and also approved mar keting quotas. Parity is a price figured to give farmers a fair exchange when they sell their crops and buy things at the store. Senator Lucas refused to discuss, any of the conference actions <See FARM, Page A-6\> . 1 Scotland Yard Guards Reds'London Embassy By the Associated Press LONDON, Oct. 15.—Scotland Yard threw a police guard around the Soviet Embassy tonight in; response to a telephoned request for protection. From what, the Russians didn't say. An embassy official told re porters he had been ordered to make the call. He added: “That's all I know about the matter. We’ve had no trouble at all so far.’’ The British Press Association reported an anti-Soviet demon stration had been expected at the entrance of the embassy, on the Kensington Palace garden's pri vate street called Millionaire's Row A group from Sir Oswald Mos ley’s anti-Soviet Union Movement Daraded along Fleet street after ; a mass meeting, but dispersed nearly three miles from the em bassy. Police stood guard at locked I iron gates at each end of the private street. U. S. Diplomat in Chile Dies In 8-Story Fall From Embassy Allan DawsonA Native Of D. C., Graduated From Central High Allan Dawson, veteran foreign officer and native Washingtonian, was killed last night in a fall from the eighth floor of the United States embassy in Santi ago, Chile, where he had been counselor since July. He was 46. Mr. Dawson left two letters, the Associated Press said. Friends said he had appeared worried for several days and had complained of insomnia. Mr. Dawson's mother, Mrs. Luisa Dawson, and a sister, Miss Dorette Dawson, live at 1816 Nine teenth street N.W. An unposted letter of congratu lations to a colleague in the diplo matic service recently promoted was found on Mr. Dawson’s body. He arrived at his office at 6:30 pjn. yesterday and told the re-i ALLAN DAWSOt. —AP Photo. ceptionist he expected to work about two hours. He fell from the (See DAWSON, Page A-5.) y COMMUNIST p 1 LEADERS ^T( 'Better Late Than Never Krug Urges Campaign to End Segregation in All Play Areas Tells Howard University Audience Planning For Next Summer Should'Begin Now Secretary of Interior Krug last night called for a well planned, intelligent campaign to be launched now. so that all of Washington's public recreational facilities will be opened on a non segregated basis by next summer. The Cabinet officer was the guest speaker at a mefting of the American Council on Human Rights, composed of seven Greek letter organizations, held at the Founders’ Library at Howard Uni versity. The Council commended him for his stand against segre gation, particularly at the Ana costia Park swimming pool last summer. The pool was closed after several racial incidents. "Public facilities are going to be open to all on an equal basis and I don't mean ^separate but equal'", Mr. Krug told the audi ence, which applauded vigorously. “That's the way it is going to be.” “I urge you to get ready now for next season so that every one can enjoy these facilities with out any risk,” he said. ‘‘It re quires careful planning and in telligent work, so that all our citi zens in the National Capital will have an opportunity to enjoy the recreational facilities and not be faced with an obsolete legal doc trine that dates back 50 years.” Mr. Krug's audience of about 200 was mostly colored. ‘‘Although Interior has been firm in its stand, and I feel we have made real progress toward the abolition of segregation in the Nation's Capital,” the secretary continued, "I regret that I can not report anything like com plete success. The progress al ready made involved the tempo rary loss of public use nf some fa cilities th\s past summer. But I want to emphasize that tempo rary loss did hot indicate a con • See KRUGTPage A-4.) One Killed, Five Hurt In Downtown Crash Of Auto and Streetcar Rescue Squad Works 15 Minutes to Free Three Held in Wreckage One man was killed and five other persons were injured, one; critically, when an automobile! collided with a Navy Yard street-’ car at Third street and Pennsyl vania avenue N.W. early today, i The dead man was tentatively ’ identified as Irving Wright, col ored, of the 1100 block of Second1 street S.E. An unidentified colored woman,! one of four streetcar passengers! injured, remained unconscious, more than an hour after the crash; and hospital attendants considered1 her condition critical. She is at: Casualty Hospital. Others hurt were: James Tysons, 31, colored, of 605 Fifty-sixth street N.E., at Casualty. Clara Brown, 35, of 626 D street S.E., at Emergency Hospital with chest injuries. Paula Smith, about 40. of 1 Second street N.E., at Emergency with a back injury. William Stone, 56, of Brandy wine, Md., at Emergency with a sprained shoulder. Mr. Wright was dead on ar rival at Casualty. He was one of three men in the automobile, but police had not determined iden tity of the driver. Rescue Squad No. 1 worked more than 15 min utes with crowbars to get the three out of the wreckage. Operator of the streetcar was George A. Giarth. 52. of 701 Ster ling street. Silver Spring, who told police the car. a 1937 Buick, ran through a traffic light, southbound on Third street. Force of the impact pushed the streetcar four feet off the track, police said. It carried about 25 passengers. Fireman's Body Found After 15-Hour Search By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Oct. 15.—Fire de stroyed a five-story building to day, trapping two firemen. Res cue squads recovered one body after a nine-hour search. They said there was one chance in a thousand that the other fireman would be found alive. Fred Lehmann’s widow and a 14-year-old son were at the scene as workers found his body, about 15 V2 hours after the roof and walls of the five-story building collapsed this morning. Final Action Awaited On U. S. Classified and Postal Pay Raises Conferees' Agreement Ready for Senate and House Votes Tomorrow Two major pay bills—carrying a $141 average annual increase for 885,000 classified civil service em ployes and a flat $120 raise for> about 500,000 salaried postal workers—will be ready for final j Congressional action when the Senate and House meet tomorrow. Indications are, however, that! the measures will not be sent to* the White House until Tuesday, j The way was cleared for the; last stage of legislative approval yesterday when Senate-House conferees agreed on variances be tween their respective versions of the bills. A $14,000 top was set for grade 18 in the classified pay scale, and 1 it was decided jobs designated at that level would have to be ap-j proved by the President and could i not total more than 25 at any one time. Hourly Increase Approved. In addition to the raise for salaried members of the postal service, the conferees approved a 2'/2-cent increase for those paid on an hourly basis and a five per cent increase for fourth-class postmasters. But they omitted the annual leave increase and uniform allow ance which would have been pro vided by the House bill. Meanwhile, President Truman signed legislation increasing the salaries of 253 top jobs in the (See PAY, Page A-7.) 10,000 to Open Drive Here Tomorrow for | Community Chest Intensive Solicitation Will Start in Business Firms And Government Offices Washington's 1950 Community Chest drive gets into full swing tomorrow. More than 10.000 volunteers will begin intensive solicitation in business firms and Government offices. Kickoff rallies are sched uled for the business volunteers on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. The Government divi- j sion formally opened its campaign last week. In the nearby counties, the an nual fund appeal already is under way in Prince Georges and is slated to start in the other com munities by the middle of next week. Fairfax has a solicitor meet ing set for this Thursday. Alex andria and Montgomery will meet October 25 and Arlington has its opening dinner scheduled for October 27. 20,000 Expected To Aid Drive. Approximately 20,000 volunteers are expected to be working by October 31, date of the drive's first report meeting. Many of ■ the Government units and 125 “bellwether” Washington busi ness firms are being counted on to make their quotas before then. House - to - house solicitation won't begin until after the Red Feather gala show in the National Guard Armory October 25. Vice President Barkley will be the speaker and Radio Comedian Abej Burrows and others will enter- j tain. Residential solicitors will hold their opening luncheon at the Mayflower Hotel on November 1. Metropolitan Area goal for the (Continued on Page A-7, Col. 4.) NAACP Announces Plans For Civil Riahts Campaign By the Associated Press NEW YORK. Oct. 15.—The National Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People an nounced plans today for a Nation wide civil rights campaign through “political action in terms clearly understandable to members of Congress and other politicians.” The NAACP'S Civil Rights Committee said in a statement that the end of the first session of the 81st Congress makes it “apparent that campaign pledges to pass effective civil rights legis lation have been openly and flagrantly repudiated.” The committee said the cam paign would be conducted throughout the country from November 15 to the end of the year, climaxed by a mass meet ing and conferences with Con gress members in Washington January 15 to 17. Notre Dame, Army, Oklahoma Continue Unbeaten; Navy Loses Tulane fell far short of testing Notre Dame’s football juggernaut yesterday, bowing by a 46-7 mar gin at South Bend. While the Irish rolled out in front of the collegiate pigskin parade, Army and Oklahoma con tinued to dog their footsteps. The Cadets blasted Harvard, 54-14, and the Sooners defeated Kansas, 48 to 26. Wisconsin snapped Navy’s two game winning streak, 48-13. Minnesota seemed Rose Bowl Txjund after a 27-0 victory'over Ohio State. Once mighty Michi gan dropped its second straight game as Northwestern triumphed, 21-20. California subdued Southern California, 16-0, making the Gold en Bears favorites to be the West Coast’s Rose Bowl representative. Cornell swamped Yale, 48-14, and Pennsylvania kept up with the Ivy League pacemakers by defeat ing Columbia, 27-7. North Carolina had to come: from behind to beat Wake Forest, 28-14. William & Mary was no match for Michigari State, losing by a 42-13 count. Tennesee and Alabama tied, 7-7, in the Southeastern Confer ence’s big game, while Texas came from behind the whip Arkansas, 27-14, in the Southwestern Con ference. Locally, George Washington downed Virginia Tech, 24-14; Catholic U. bowed to Randolph Macon, 9-7; Bridgewater blanked Gallaudet, 12-0, and Morgan swamped Howard, 39-0. Complete details in sports sec tion.) Murray Backs Unified Strike War Chest Steelworkers Ready To 'Pool Resources For Common Defense' By the Associated Press PITTSBURGH, Oct. 15.—Philip Murray, CIO president, lined up in John L. Lewis' labor unity pa rade today and proposed that they set up a war chest with the AFL to fight strike battles of all union ized labor. This was the day’s top develop ment in the big steel and coal strikes. Mr. Murray's United Steelworkers spread their free pension strike to some steel fabri cators and made ready to hit aluminum next. More than a million already are idle in the double-header strikes with no peace—only industrial grief—in sight. Mr. Murray said his steelwork ers and “I am sure other equally minded affiliates” of the CIO stand prepared to join Mr. Lewis’ United Mine Workers and the AFL “to pool their resources for the com mon defense and general welfare of the labor movement.” Doesn’t Mention 2>/i Million Mr. Murray said he had consist ently advocated unity of action on the part of all responsible and genuine American trade unions. But his prepared statement did not mention specifically Mr. Lewis' proposal 24 hours earlier. Mr. Lewis urged that his UMW and the AFL contribute $2,500,000 a week to the steelworkers in an “uncompromising fight of all American labor.” In expressing sympathy for the steelworkers, the UMW boss called on the AFL to get at least nin* of its wealthiest unions to mate!* a contribution of $250,000 weekly by the miners so the steelworkers can “win beyond peradventure . .. the monumental conflict which is now drawn.” A contribution of $250,000 week ly by the UMW and each of nin» AFL unions would make up th# $2,500,000 total Mr. Lewis pro posed. Mr. Murray returned the sym pathy gesture toward the miners, who also are striking over pen sions. Says Miners Should Be Aided. Mr. Murray said his proposed war chest should aid the miners also because the UMW is engaged "in a mighty struggle with power ful employers in the coal industry to protect the security of the miners and to gain benefits neces sary to their continued well be ing.” Mr. Murray said the steelwork ers will lend help and assistance to the miners and to all unions “which are forced into necessary strike action by the opposition of the monopolists and financial in terests who dominate the great industries of this country.” There was no immediate com ment from William Green, AFL president. An aide in Washing ton said Mr. Green will make no statement before Monday. Counter-Proposal Is Surprise. Mr. Murray’s counter-proposal caught most labor authorities flatfooted. It had been generally believed that the long-standing Lewis-Murray feud would prevent anything but disagreement on the CIO leader’s part. The ruddy-faced Scotsman had once been a UMW official and a lieutenant of Mr. Lewis’. Then he became head of the CIO and, theoretically at least, Mr. Lewis’ superior. The split followed when Murray accused the miner’s chieftain of exceeding his authority. Few observers had expected Mr. Green to be sympathetic with Mr. Lewis’ idea. But in light of Mr. Murray’s statement, they re* served further judgment. Mine Group Opposed. An official at AFL headquarters in Washington had this to say: "If the steel workers need any help, they are certainly capable of asking for it themselves.” And a group of Mr. Lewis’ own miners voiced their opposition to <See LABOR, Page A-5.) Truman Watches Boy Grid Games Near Monument Football Fan Truman looked for a game to attend yesterday and found plenty going on right in hie own back yard. Ten games were being played on the Monument grounds as youngsters in the Boys* Club of Washington League cele brated homecoming day, and the President turned up among the spectators. Accompanied by two Secret Service men he strolled informally through the croivd of several hundred. He watched the first halves of the games between East ern Branch and Georgetown Branch and between Alexandria B. C. and Merrick B. C. played on adjacent gridirons. For the rec ord, Eastern Branch won, 7-0, and Alexandria B. C. won 40-0. This was the President’s second appearance at a football game this fall. On September 17 he attended the game between Quan tico Marines and Virginia Tech at Alexandria.