Newspaper Page Text
Senator Graham Raps
Russians for Blocking Atomic Power Control By the Associated Press WELLESLEY, Mass., Oct. 18.— Senator Graham, Democrat, of North Carolina said last night the Soviet Union “failed the humane hopes” of the world by refusing international control of atomic power. Speaking at Wellesley College’s 75 th anniversary ceremonies, the former head of the Oak Ridge In stitute of Nuclear Studies and fqrmer President of the University of North Carolina, said: “The refusal of the Soviet Union to accept the United Nations plan for the International control and inspection of atomic power was a great setback to international co operation. “After the First World War the United States renounced the League of Nations and failed the hopes of mankind. After the Sec ond World War the Soviet Union has obstructed the United Nations and failed the humane hopes of the people of the world.” Amendments Urged. He called the U. N. charter “the last desperate defense against modern civilization’s powers of self-destruction.” He recommended as “impera tive” amendments to the charter that would: 1. Abolish the veto. ' 2. Insure international inspec tion and control of atomic power. 3. Set up a world court with original jurisdiction over individ uals guilty of crimes against the U. N., with guarantee of an inter national bill of rights. 4. Establish an international police force responsible to the U. N. Mrs. Meyer Speaks. Mi's. Eugene Meyer of the Washington Post said “The aca demic freedom of our American universities will last only just so long as they remain private in stitutions voluntarily supported by private funds.” But this does not mean that they cannot accept scholarship students, supported by Federal or, preferably, State funds, she added. Mrs. Meyer, a member of the President’s Commission on Higher Education, also recommended that the universities accept public funds for research. Navy (Continued From First Page.) partment official, admitted he wrote it. The Navy suspended Worth from his job as aide to the Under secretary of the Navy. Later, he resigned. The House committee complete ly absolved Mr. Symington and everybody else connected with the bomber program of any corrup tion. Position Carefully Considered. Mr. Symington made these points: 1. The position taken by Air Force critics has been advanced at all levels of defense planning and has “not been accepted as the basis of national military policy” after decisions "thoughtfully ar rived at by the persons who have the responsibility of decision.” 2. There was no reason for any one to have been caught unawares by the Air Force decision of last January to order additional B-36s because confidence in the plane had been shown when the Air Force decided “as far back as June 24, 1948, to continue the original contract in full.” 3. There is no basis for the charge that the Air Force is un balanced, because it is planning to equip only eight per cent of its air groups with B-36s and is spending in this fiscal year only 16.3 per cent of its air craft pro curement money for B-36s. Doesn’t Expect Easy War. 4. The Air Force “believes to this bomber” and has indorse ment from Arthur Henderson, British Secretary of State for Air. who has called it “undoubt edly the best bomber in the world at the moment,” with per formance bordering on the “fan tastic.” 5. The Air Force does not be lieve in a “quick, easy and pain less war” but insists that because more convenient land bases might not be available, “for the rela tively little money required, the ability to fight from our own shores at the start of any war should not be looked on with con tempt.” Despite the complete discredit ing of the first anonymous docu ment Mr. Symington said the new “strategic bombing method” pam phlet has received substantial edi torial attention. He offered the committee an analysis which indicated the pam phlet had made careful changes in the report of the stragetlc bombing survey in order to repre sent it as discounting the effects Of strategic bombing in World War H. Tells of Navy Meeting. The analysis included a report of a meeting of the Aviation Com mandery of the Naval Order of the United States held in the officers’ club of the New York Naval Air Station last June 21. The account of the meeting mentioned that a discussion of the strategic bombing survey was held and “that the survey revealed startling facts which are given to the public in a pamphlet recently distributed entitled ‘The Strategic Bombing Myth.’” "This, then, is an instance in which a group of Naval Reserve officers have been told that 'The Strategic Bombing Myth’ repre SYMINGTON ON STAND—Air Secretary Symington hit back at Navy critics of the Air Force as he appeared before the House Armed Services Committee today. Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg Air Force chief of staff, is at left. _AP Photo’ sents the survey’s findings,” Mr. Symington said. “The professional understanding of these officers, therefore, is bound to be influ enced by the false doctrine con tained in it.” , He read into the record a letter to Defense Secretary Johnson from Franklin D’Olier, who was chairman of the survey, in which Mr. D'Olier said the anonymous pamphlet “quotes the survey out of context; injects parenthetical expressions not in the original work; links together short quotar tions which establish a train of thought no> found in the original documents; alters a survey chart; omits qualifying phrases, and, in general, appears to me to paint a picture diametrically opposed to the findings of the survey.” Publisher’s Letter Shown. Copies of purported * official Navy photographs taken at the meeting of Naval Reserve officers were included in the analysis of the pamphlet presented to the committee by Mr. Symington. One picture was of a group in cluding Rear Admiral Luis De Florez, U. S. N. R„ who testified for the Navy last week. The analysis also contained a photostatic copy of a mimeo graphed letter from James O. Stahlman, publisher of the Nash ville Banner, and a captain in the Unitedv States Naval Reserve, which stated Mr. Stahlman was sending copies of the pamphlet “to several hundred of my friends in the newspaper business” and that it contained “some facts and charts which are incontrovert ible.” In questioning after giving his prepared statement, Mr. Syming ton was asked by Chairman Vin son whether he favored a 58 or 48 . group Air Force this year. (Senate and House conferees have agreed on the higher total.) Mr. Symington said that his position was not presented cor rectly if it was represented as being in favor of 48 groups. He explained he considers a 70-group Air Force essential “as soon as possible,” but has abided by Pres ident Truman’s decision that 48 groups are all the Nation can afford at this time. Denies Navy Charges. Representative Cole, Republi can, of New York asked Mr. Sym ington whether he thought the “myth” pamphlet was “dissemi nated or inspired by naval offi cers.” “I have no opinion on that, sir,” he refilled. ’ Mr. Symington derided as'sim ply “loose talk” designed to catch headlines a Navy statement that the B-36 is a “billion-dollar blun der.” He said th^ whole program will cost considerably less than a billion. He rejected as a misstatement the Navy’s complaint that the' Air Force is offering an “atomic blitz” pattern of warfare as a quick, easy and .painless way to victory. “And it Just is not true,” Mr. Symington said, “that the Air Force favors mass atomic bombing of civilians.” The Air Secretary said the dis turbing thing about the attacks on the Air Force and the rest of the military establishment “is what they have done and are doing to imperil the security of the United States.” Arguments Not New. “It was bad enough,” he went on, “to have given a possible ag gressor technical and operating details of our newest and latest equipment. In my opinion it is far worse to have opened up to him in such detail the military doctrines of how this country would be defended.” “We have given the military leaders of any aggressor nation a further advantage in developing their strategic plan by telling them so much about our own.” Secretary Symington said he has been following in detail the argu ments the Navy has been giving the committee. “The assertions that have been made are not new,” he said, but have been presented at various levels in the defense establish ment, including the very top, for many years. ' In considerable measure, he said, they have been rejected by deliberate, thoughtful persons having the responsibility of de cision. Farm lands occupy only about one-sixth the total area of New Hampshire. Effective Bliss Native Herb* Give You Quick Relief from IRREGULARITY "Common sens*" old family standby made of natural herbs (ires prompt relirf without purging. Get Bliss Naur* Herbs Tablets today! Ask for <5c & $1.25 I family economy size* at anr druggist's. I BUSS NATIVE HERBS, 1 Washington 9, D. C. Britain's Parliament Reconvenes, but New Austerity Plans Wait By th« Associated Press LONDON, Oct. 18.—Parliament returned to work today after its summer recess and was told it will learn Monday how much more Britons must tighten their belts to meet their economic crisis. Deputy Prime Minister Herbert Morrison told the House of Com mons a statement on the financial crisis will be made Monday by Prime Minister Attlee. He was replying to a question by Anthony Eden, deputy house leader of Win ston Churchill’s Conservative op position. Dollar Plans Discussed. Mr. Attlee and his cabinet went over the government’s dollar-sav ing plans this morning and an other cabinet session is scheduled Thursday. Some sources indicated there would be a new review of proposed slashes in expenditures. The chief economies had been expected in trimming administrative expenses, slowing down public works, build ing and reducing imports which cost dollars. The legislative houses have ben in recess since late July ex cept for the September emer ! gency session at which effects of the devaluation of the pound were debated. Mr. Attlee and his closest cabi net advisers during the past week have*been drafting a three part emergency economic pro gram. With it the Laborltes hope to make devaluation an ef fective measure to stave off na tional bankruptcy. Economies Projected. The new government program probably will be one chiefly of economies—in dollar imports and in government spending on ad ministration building projects. The new plan likely will mean harder times for Britain. Mr. Morrison already has warned that the program will be “unpleasant.” But he said it would be preferable to drifting into “economic chaos and unemployment.” The government resorted to de valuation to boost British exports to dollar countries. But devalua tion also meant that essential raw material imports from dollar countries—cotton oil and food— cost more. Some commodity prices already have risen and more price in creases are feared. [ARTHUR GODFREY 1 says spray on Wy-AWAVt \ for the J loveliest wave l I' of your life/ ] On Sale At All PEOPLES /^drug stores INC Prague Paper Calls For Merciless Purge »y th« Associated Pross PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, Oct. 18.—The Czech newspaper Obrana Lidu today demanded merciless treatment for all "traitors and class enemies’’ discovered in the continuing purge of the armf. “Our military courts must root out all traitors and class ene mies,” the paper said. "It would be a crime against the people for our judges to spare such enemies. Justice must aim to create so cialism.” The newspaper attack against military men was begun while police roundups which began in Prague more than two weeks ago continued to spread throughout the country. Reliable reports said the drive now was centered in the East Bohemian city of Hradec Kralove. These reports said the arrests there had about the same com plexion as in Prague. They were aimed chiefly at businessmen and other middle-class elements, with the apparent purpose of breaking the influence of this class. Hradec Kralove is a town of about 30,000, situated about 65 miles east of Prague. On the labor front, press at tacks intensified on work shirkers, especially among the miners. Shaw Protests Church Ban In Austria on Play 'St. Joan' ly the Associated Press VIENNA, Oct. 18.—Bernard Shaw has protested to the Roman Catholic archbishop at Klagenfurt against church censure of his play, “St. Joan.” Shaw’s letter, written at the special request of the newspaper, was published today in the Com munist organ Volkesstimme. He' sent it after Austrian Catholics were warned in a pastoral letter not to attend the performance of “St. Joan” currently being staged l at Klagenfurt. "Catholics who reject com munism are therewith rejecting Christ and St. Peter, too,” Shaw wrote. “My play was welcomed by all devoted Catholics, in con trast to Protestant charges of crude corruption and hypocrisy, as an honest and fair description of the church role in the excom munication of St. Joan.” The play is about Joan of Arc. Heavy Snow and Cold Hit Rocky Mountains By «ht Associated Prats Snow banked into 5-foot drifts in Montana today and tempera tures dipped in the Rocky Moun tain area as low as 12 degrees. The windy snowfall was in con trast to the pleasant autumn weather which prevailed over most of the Eastern half of the country. North winds, recorded at 55 mlle speed in top gusts, piled the snow, which fell mainly on the Eastern slopes of the Northern Rockies arid in the Northwest Plains area adjacent. The actual fall ranged from 6 inches at Cut Bank, Mont., and 5 inches in Yel lowstone National Park to approx imately 1 inch in most of the area. Fringe Authorized A yellow fringe for use on the American flag was authorized by an Army regulation published in 1923 by the War Department. Wallgren < Continued From First Page.) Commission for the seven-year term ending September 26, 1955. Mr. Mead would succeed Com-1 missioner Garland S. Ferguson, I whose resignation after 22 years on the commission was announced today. Mr. Ferguson is 71. Both Mr. Wallgren and Mr. Mead are former members of the old Senate War Investigating Committee which Mr. Truman headed when he was a Senator. Since the Wallgren nomination was blocked in the Senate, Mr. Truman has been reported at MON C. WALLGREN. various times as having him under consideration for other offices. The fight on Mr. Wallgren, who was defeated for re-election as Governor last November, was led by Senator Cain, Republican, of Washington. The opposition to the Washing tonian was based generally on the contention that his background had not equipped him to head the NSRB, which directs industrial mobilization plans for war. At the time that Mr. Wallgren was turned down, some Senators let it be known that they would have approved him for another Government job. The Wallgren rejection was one of the major setbacks that the President has received from his Democratic-controlled 81st Con gress. Mr. Olds, despite the personal intervention of the President, was rejected by the Senate Com merce Committee, 10 to 2, and then when the committee sent his name to the Senate with out recommendation, he was re jected by vote of 53 to 15. The Democratic organization all over the country had been urged by National Chairman William M. Boyle to push for confirmation. Mr. Olds' “liberal” views, which had been expressed in writings JAMES M. MEAD. many years ago, were held re sponsible for his rejection, but President Truman blamed it on the “interests.” Natural gas and oil industries were lined up in op position to him. Since Mr. Olds’ rejection, Mr. Truman had been reported by as sociates to be looking for another liberal for the post. His term would run until June 22, 1954. Former Senator Mead had been reported under consideration for several posts since his defeat for Govemdr of New York by Thomas E. Dewey in 1946. Mr. Mead resigned from the Senate to make that race. More than a year ago he was offered an appointment to the Federal Power Commission, but turned it down on the grounds he did not feel himself qualified to take that type of assignment. Mr Mead always was known as an ardent New Dealer, and rated high with labor. He is 64 and was in the House for 20 years from the Buffalo district of New York before his election to the Senate in 1938. Since the unsuccessful effort to put Mr. Wallgren at the head of NSRB when Arthur Hill resigned, John Steelman, presidential as sistant, has been acting chairman. Press Secretary Charles G. Ross said today no change in this setup was contemplated. U. S. Vessel Saves 17 In Stormy Weather After Schooner Burns i' By th« Associated Press SEATTLE, Oct. 18.—A Govern ment vessel carried out the dra matic rescue of 17 seamen in stormy weather last night after they abandoned their flaming wooden schooner. The ship later sank. The officers and men were picked up in the North Pacific by the Fish and Wildlife Service ves sel Black Douglas just as one of their two lifeboats was awash and sinking. The schooner, the Salina Cruz, caught fire yester day. The Douglas reported today all of the sailors had recovered from their ordeal, and she was pro ceeding to her home port of San Francisco. Arrival there was ex pected Thursday. The rescue a few hours after nightfall 140 miles west of Grays Harbor, Wash., was carried out in heavy seas kicked up by a 25 knot wind. Coast Guard search planes that had been circling overhead throughout the day guided the Douglas to the scene. Ten of the men in one of the open lifeboats had managed to keep afloat without difficulty. They were the first ones spotted by the Douglas. An hour later, after the second boatliad sent up direction flares, the seven re maining men were pulled from their foundering craft. The schooner sent out her first SOS early yesterday that she was afire in the engine room. The flames quickly spread to the gen eral cargo in the holds and lumber above decks, forcing the men to abandon ship. The Salina Cruz met disaster one day out of Vancouver, British Columbia, bound for Honolulu with a general cargo. Though of Panamanian registry, she was owned by the Seven Seas Trading & Shipping Co. of Los Angeles and Anthony C. Stralla. Stralla, also known as Tony Cornero, formerly operated two gambling ships off the Southern California coast. Suppose the; came to YOUR > front door! 0 What a strange group of visitors! There’s the lady in blue from the Visiting Nurses... and the Salvation Army lassie.... the coach .from the youth center... and many others. You'd ask thezfr in... of course.. • even though they filled your living room to overflowing. And then, one by one, they would tell you their stories. • ( One would tell you about the fight his organization is waging against disease and crippling illness . . . An other would touch your heart with the story of a homeless child or a lonely old man ... A third would tell you how youth services curb juvenile de-( linquency in your town ... Each one would separately ask your help. And you'd whnt to help every one! ] But you’d wonder . . . “How much should I give to this )... How much to that?** And that is exactly why, in our] community, we have a United Red Feather campaign. The needs of each* service have been studied and consid^ * I ered by a group of our leading citizens.1 To save YOUR time, only one vol unteer solicitor will call on you. When that call comes, open your heart and your pocketbook. Remember that you are giving for ALL Red Feather serv-] ,, ices. So give enough for ALL. And give enough for a FULL YEAR. Thanksl 4 COMMUNITY CHEST ' ■ .MANY*******" ONE ■ — ■This advertising for the Community Chest has been contributed by the following firms* Acacia Mutual Life Insurance Co. • Beckers Leather Goads Company, Inc. • Brooks, Inc. • Capital Transit Co. • Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Co. • Cohen's Picture Store • District Grocery Stores, Inc. • Eriebacher, Inc. • Julius Garfinckel fir Co. • Washington Gas Light Co. • George's Radio.& Television Co. • Giant Food Shopping Cantor. Inc. • Goldenberg's • Grosner of 1325 F Street • Wm. Hahn fir Company • Tho Hacht Co. • Jelleff's • S. Konn's Sons Co. • Lansburgh fir Bro. • Lacy's • Maxtfr Masterpieces • The Mode, Inc. • G. C. Murphy Co. • Neisnor's • Peerless Modem House • Potomac Electric Pawer Co. • Raleigh Haberdasher • B. Rich's Sons • H. L. Rust fir Co. • Lewis fir Thomas Salts • Sears Roebuck b Co. • Shannon & Luchs • H. G. Smithy Co. • Woodward b Lothrop.