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Imperialist' Power, Acheson Declares fty the Associated frees NEW YORK. Oct. 21.—Secre tary of State Acheson last night branded Russia as the “aggres sively imperialist power of our times,” and said the Soviet gov ernment is “seeking to expand its dominion where its grasp and its reach coincide, and to cause confusion and disintegration where its grasp falls short.” Mr. Acheson said in a speech that one set of problems in Amer ican foreign affairs “arises from the conduct in international af fairs of the Soviet Union” along these imperialist lines. The Secretary addressed a din ner of the Alfred E. Smith Me morial Foundation. The founda tion was incorporated in 1946 “to perpetuate the ideals of Alfred E. Smith by raising funds to aid the poor, the sick and the under privileged.” Mr. Acheson said there also is a second set of problems in Amer ican foreign affairs. “Those,” he said, “are the prob lems, economic, social, political, which arise, as in Europe, from the disruption of war and changed relationships with other parts of the world—as in Asia, from a great awakening of peoples to new revulsion against the acceptance of poverty and hunger and to a consciousness of national inde pendence. * * * “These two sets of problems are Interrelated. The thrust of Soviet imperialism in Eastern Europe or Asia affects not only those areas, but their relations with other nations. * • * “Similarly, the success or lack of success of parts of the free world in gaining strength and stability affects the direction and figure of Soviet thrusts. So few’ problems are isolated. Most are part of a very complicated mosaic.” Mr. Acheson urged a greater understanding by the public of the big foreign policy issues. It is the American citizens, he said, "acting through public opin ion and through the Congress, who decide the contours of our policies and whether those policies shall go forward or waver and stop.” GHI (Continued From First Page.'* will mean a raise of from $2.50 to $3 a month for couples. Mr. Himes said it was decided to eliminate the husband - wife contracts, because it was found they cost GHI about the same as the family contracts in payments to hospitals. ' GHI made, its first rate in creases in 15 years of operation last December. It then boosted single-person conjraffts from 65 cents to $1.10. husband-wife con tracts from 1.50 to 2.50 and family contracts from $1.75 to $2.75. Far Short of Costs. Mr. Himes stfd those increases, however, fell t*r short of rises in hospital costs. Since June, 1943, he said, GHI payments to hos pitals have increased $2.57 per patient-day, for a total increase of $750,000. This, he said has forced GHI to draw $1,000,000 from reserves during the last two years. The December 1 date makes the rate rises effective for all new subscribers after that time. Present subscribers either may ac cept the new rates soon after December 1—and get advantage of increased benefits announced today—or maintain present rates until their annual contract ex- j pires, when the new rates will go into effect automatically. Most significant of the new benefits is the provision allowing unemployed, self-employed or those employed in businesses where there are less than 10 workers, to subscribe as indi- j viduals. Enrollment will begin in January for these persons. Because of administrative ex penses and the increased risk of medical ills from individuals, Mr. Himes said, individual rates will be about 20 per cent higher than group rates, and maternity bene fits will be excluded. Forward Step Seen. Despite the restrictions, how ever. opening enrollment to in dividuals is viewed as an im portant forward step. One of the chief criticisms of voluntary health insurance has been that, In most cases, it excluded per sons not employed where large group plans could be set up. Other new benefits to go into effect with the rate increases, Mr. Himes announced, include: 1. Full hospital benefits for polio patients. At present, benefits are limited to 10 days of hospital care. 2. Full hospital benefits, effec tive after the subscriber's contract has been in effect for 10 months, for ailments which< existed on the effective date. At* present, pre existing ailments are permanent ly excluded. Congential disabili ties will remain excluded. 3. Allowances in hospitals away from the Washington area of $6.50 a day toward the hospital room, plus allowances for other charges ranging up to $82 for a 30-day stay. At present, contracts call for payment of $15 the first day, and a flat $6.50 for subsequent days, with no other allowances. 4. Discontinuance of the $1 en rollment fee for new policies. Rigid Requirements. At the same time, however, Mr. Himes said GHI will require more rigid enrollment requirements for new groups to be set up in busi nesses in which there are less than 250 employes. At present, at least half the employes of most businesses must participate in order for a group to be formed. Mr. Himes said GHI already has requested a meeting with hospitals to take up the entire-question of hospital costs and GHI payments Xor the services hospitals furnish. In letters to the hospitals, it was learned, GHI served a required 13-month notice of cancellation of the GHI-hospital contracts in case new contracts are not nego tiated by the end of next February. GHI officials said, however, that "no implication” was to be drawn NEW YORK.—SHAKE ON SECURITY COUNCIL ELECTION — Representatives of the three na tions voted seats on the United Nations Security Council join in a three-way handshake after the election. Left to right: Dr. Homero Viteri-Lafronte, chairman of the Ecuadorian delega tion; B. N. Rau, chairman of India’s delegation, and Edward Kardelj, Yugoslav Minister of Foreign Affairs and chairman of his country’s delegation to the U. N. —AP Wirephoto. that satisfactory agreements would not be reached. The OHI payments to hospitals are based on studies of costs of the services given GHI patients, or normal hospital charges for those services, whichever is lower. Hospital officials said reduced hospital stays by patients are a major factor in raising daily costs of operation. New treatment methods, they explained, are short ening hospital stays and most patients receive expensive services during their first few days in the hospital. Thus, operating costs are higher than they would be if large numbers of patients simply were receiving nursing care, as they did in the past. Other factors pushing up costs, they said, are wage increases to personnel and higher costs for supplies, equipment and medicines, including many of the new “won der drugs.” GHI has issued about 200,000 hospitalization contracts, which cover, the 410,000 subscribers. Mr. Himes said present GHI reserves are near the $500,000 mark and that he feels the plan should have a $2,000,000 reserve fund for future safety. Adminis tration takes less than 10 per cent of the GHI income, he said. There are no changes in rates for coverage in the prepaid surgi cal plan, operated by GUI for the District Medical Society, which gives protection against doctors' fees for certain operations'. The surgical plan has about 115,000 subscribers. Dr. Frank D. Costenbader, board president of the surgical care plan, said his group soon may take action, however, to open its benefits' to individual enroll* ment. Still under consideration, he said, are proposals to offer prepayment insurance against medical care bills as well as surgery. King's Daughters and Sons To Hold Virginia Session Special Dispatch *© The Stor .RICHMOND, Va., Oct. 21.— The 52d annual State convention of the Virginia Branch of the In ternational Order of The King's Daughters and Sons will open here Tuesday at the Broad Street Methodist Church. Mrs. W. H. Smith, president of the Georgia branch, will be guest speaker at the convention, which will continue through next Thurs day. The organization, which helps to suppoft camps, children's homes, clinics, homes for the blind and other charitable insti tutions, has started a drive to raise funds to establish a home for the aged. uTK (Continued From First Page.! in the 11-nation Security Council. As a Big Five permanent member she has a veto that can not be overridden. Yugoslavia may vote with Rus sia on a number of questions as she has continued to do in the General Assembly despite the Cominform war against Marshal Tito. But Russia can never count on her for a sure vote or count on Yugoslavia to take up the Rus sian chorus in any statement of policy, as the Ukraine did or Czechoslovakia would have done. Today’s schedule included further plenary sessions at Flushing Meadow, with the Korean ques tion, on which Russia is also bit iter, as the top item of work. Russia opposed continuing a U. N. commission in divided Korea. It opposed in recent committee debate widening the commission’s powers in an attempt to put down threats of civil war and to unify the country. The Soviets are sym pathetic only to the Northern Korea group which calls itself the peoples’ democracy government of the country. Izvestia Cartoon Pictures U. S. Leading Tito Into U. N. MOSCOW, Oct. 21 W.—The Russian government newspaper Izvestia today printed a cartoon picturing Yugoslavia’s Premier Marshal Tito as a dog being led into the United Nations Security Council by the United States. The dog firmly gripped a dollar in its mouth. A verse accompanying the cartoon said: "Here for the sake of clarity is pictured an entrance to the Secu rity Council and how Tito is being led into it. Tito—the Amer ican hireling." Public Health Service Taking New Tests of Donora's Atmosphere B^ the Associated Press DONORA. Pa., Oct. 21.—The all around Donora—where 20 persons died during a smog last October— Is getting another test by the United States Public Health Serv ice. George Clayton, the health serv ice atmospheric polution chief, and six aides last night set up air-testing machines in Donora and surrounding territory. This move caused some sur prise among the townspeople be cause yesterday was marked by shunshine, blue skies and no smog. Says Conditions Are Same. In fact, it was quite different from the day 12 months ago when a black, choking, smoke-filled fog settled down on the Western Pennsylvania town. Mr. Clayton explained that two conditions were the same, how ever—there was no air movement and there was an “atmospheric inversion.” Normally, he said the air near the ground is warmer than that at high levels. In an in version the opposite is true and the air fails to carry away foreign particles as it rises. Tests Made Last April. The inversion condition began two days ago, the Weather Bureau said, and probably will continue through Sunday. Tests were made last April durifig a similar inver sion which lasted only 12 hours. “In these tests,” Mr. Clayton said, "we are trying to find how much air pollution a person can stand—that is, the maximum al lowable concentration. That fig ure has been established for a man working eight hours a day in a plant, but for a person living in it 24 hours a day—that’s some thing else.” DONORA, PA.—PROBE SMOG DEATHS —Dr. George Clayton (left), atmospheric polution chief of the United States Health Service, and Dr. Harold J. Paulus, engineer, set up their air testing device yesterday, seeking clues to what killed 20 persons during a smog a year ago. Although fog is absent at present, an air “inversion” similar to that of 1948 is reported. —AP Wirephoto. U. S. Hopes Election Will Strengthen Tilo In Fight on Kremlin By the Associated Press State Department officials hope; that Yugoslavia's election to the; United Nations Security Council will strengthen Marshal Tito in his bitter struggle with the Kremlin. American support, which made possible Yugoslavia's victory, wasi coldly calculated to achieve that end. It was the latest in a series of moves by this country to try, to keep Tito alive and Yugoslavia independent of Russia, in the face of increasing evidence that Moscow will try to smash both regardless of the cost. Only yesterday Secretary of State Acheson publicly disclosed that the State Department has! evidence that some 11,500 guer-' rilla fighters from the Greek war apparently are being concen trated in Bulgaria and Romania, two of Yugoslavia's Kremlin-con trolled neighbors. Forceful Steps Feared. Some of Mr. Acheson's associ ates conjecture that Moscow may be getting desperate over Tito and may soon resort to measures of force, including guerrilla in filtration and attack. Mr. Ache son himself offered no explana tion of the possible motives for assembling the guerrillas in a new area of the Balkans. In some ways the move to get Yugoslavia elected to the Security Council may be the most risky which the United States has. yet made in this sector of the "cold war. It was "taken in the face of threats by Soviet Foreign Min ister Vishinsky that it would have "painful consequences” for the United Nations. Although Amer ican officials said they thought Mr. Vishinsky was trying to get across the idea that Russia might walk out of the U. N., they dis counted this possibility. Nevertheless it was apparent that one of the last slender links of great power co-operation in the U. N. had been broken withj the denial to Russia of control of one of the small nation seats on the Security Council. The Soviets have enjoyed that prerogative up to this time and evidently con sider themselves entitled to it whether anybody else does or not. ’ Deeper Involvement Seen. Another element of risk lies in the possibility that the American Government may become more deeply involved in the struggle within the Communist world than has ever been intended by the makers of American policy. Official Washington regards Tito by his own evaluation as an avow'ed Communist foe of the West. Between him and his West ern supporters, therefore, there are no great bonds of affection. Tito simply needs help to keep going and Washington and Lon don assist him because the longer he remains a thorn in the side of Russia, the more Russia is handi capped in its own policies. Mae West Named in Suit For $10,250,000 on Coast By the Associated Press LOS ANGELES, Oct. 21.—Mae West is a defendant in a new $10,250,000 damage complaint filed by that suing duet, Arthur R. Van Wyke and A. E. Harri son. Van Wyke and Harrison, a pair of Los Angeles promoters, yester day charged in Federal Court that Miss West and numerous other defendants had terminated con tracts with them for a hotel, re sort and gambling venture in Nevada. It was incorporated under the! name Diamond Lil, Inc., in 1946 they said. When Miss West and her group pulled out of the deal, Van Wyke and Harrison said they lost untold potential profits. They also don’t want the name “Dia mond Lil” used for a New Jersey night club. The two recently filed three dam age suits against Standard Oil of! California and others totaling $156,000,000,000. They alleged they had been deprived of poten tial profits from world-wide sale of a metallic lubricant. ADVERTISEMENT d. FALSE TEfTH Rock, Slide or Slip? FABTEE'iH, id Improved powder to be sprinkled on upper or lower plates, holes false teeth more firmly In place. Do not elide, slip or rock. No tummy, tooey, pasty taste or feelinc. FA8TEETH Is alkaline (non-acid). Does not sour. Checks "plate odor” (denture breath).1 Get FAST1ETK at any drut a . Czech Bishops Exhort Priests to Turn Down Reds' Pay Raise Offer By th« Associated Press PRAGUE, Oct. 21.—Czechoslo vakia’s Roman Catholic bishops declared today the Communist government had turned the coun try into a “suffering nation.” The bishops called on Catholic priests to share the suffering of these “hardest times.” Particu larly. the church leaders said, priests should reject the wage in creases offered to the clergy under the government’s nfew laws con trolling the church. Government wage increases should be rejected, the bishops said in a secretly circulated letter, especially "at this time when tens of thousands of our believers and other citizens are abducted from their homes and hundreds of thousands suffer in prisons and labor camps.” Message Sent to 7,000. The bishops delivered the mes sage to the Nation’s 7,000 priests through the clandestine courier system set up after the suppres sion of the Catholic press. The church and the government have acknowledged that some priests and laymen have been jailed for participating in this underground communication channel. The bishops bitterly condemned two laws for control of the churches enacted last Friday by the Communist-controlled Czecho slovak Parliament. , The bishops said these laws aimed at the "total subjugation" of the churches and the "liquidation” of the dominant Catholic church. This stand of the church au thorities was taken at a secret meeting of bishops or their depu ties held in Prague last week, three days before the church bills were passed by Parliament. Their decision was made known through the meager channels still remaining open to them following the# suppression of the church press, the banning of pastoral let ters and confiscation of machin ery on which printed statements can be produced. Clergy Civil Servant*. The laws which the bishops condemned as anti-church pro vide : 1. Clergy of all churches be come civil servants paid by the State. All church appointments, financial and administrative af fairs closed under State control. 2. The establishment of a new cabinet ministry empowered to rule on church matters. The law on state support for churches offers salary increases to the clergy, which has been a big government talking point. However, it also requires that in order to get his pay a clergyman must swear allegiance to the Com munist-controlled "peoples demo cratic government.” The bishops’ opinion, as re ported by church sources, was that the majority of priests supported them in opposition to these gov ernment measures. They took the stand that no priest could accept them without his bishops’ ap proval or he would "betray the church.” Laws “Forced Upon” Church. The bishops' stand was reported to be that the laws were “forced upon” the churches without con sulting them. The bishops asserted, church sources said, that where pressure or trickery was used to obtain a priest’s consent he should publicly recant before his congregation. About the matter of swearing loyalty to the Communist-led government as well as the repub lic, priests were told they must obtain the permission of their bishops before taking any pre scribed oath. The Vatican al ready had broadcast orders that Czech priests should pledge loyalty only to the Czechoslovak republic and the welfare of its people. The priests were remined of an exhortation given them previ ously by Archbishop Josef Beran of Prague, the nation’s primate. This was that they did not be come clergmen to become wealthy but to “serve souls and ensure the eternal salvation.” The bishops' called on the priests to remember this in “this critical hour and not despoil your honor by forgetting that you are priests and not hired workers.” Prepared 3,000,000 Meals Mrs. Joan Underwood, retiring after 16 years in a Nottingham, England, factory canteen, esti mates she has prepared 3,000,000 meals there. New French Premier Reported Stalled in Search for Cabinet By Associated Press PARIS, Oct. 21.—Premier Rene Mayer today was almost hopeless ly stalled, informed political ob servers said, in his efforts to form a new French coalition cabinet. Hesitancy of the Socialists to enter his government was report ed the stumbling block for the Radical Socialist whom the Na tional Assembly last night ap proved for the premiership by a vote of 341 to 183. There was a possibility that the only way out of France’s po litical crisis, now 15 days old, might be the dissolving of Parlia ment followed by a general elec tion. Socialists May Cali Congress. The Socialist group in Parlia ment debated all morning with out agreeing whether to go into Mr. Mayer’s cabinet. There was talk that the Socialists might summon a national congress Sun day to reach a decision. But French observers said that if the Socialists decide this, Mr. Mayer might refuse to wait and might resign immediately. Though Mr. Mayer favors an1 unfreezing of wages and a quick return to collective bargaining, the Socialists ostensibly are quar reling with him over a formula for wage increases to state em ployes. As well as over what policy he will follow in Indo china. Some observers said, however, that many Socialists oppose Mr. Mayer personally, because he was a successful big businessman be fore he entered politics. Mr. Mayer won confirmation with 31 ballots to spare. He had RENE MAYER. New French Premier. ~—AP Wirephoto. to receive a minimum count of 310 or bow out of the picture. Now' he faces the task of or ganizing a cabinet to handle France's complex wage and price problems growing out of the re cent devaluation of the franc. As part of his domestic pro gram, Mr. Mayer backed a pro posal for a monthly bonus of up to 3,000 francs <$8.50) for wage earners in the low brackets. He also came out for legislation re storing the prewar practice of col lective bargaining. Since the war, the state has had a powerful hand in determining wage scales to curb inflation. On foreign policy Mr. Mayer proposed that France adopt an attitude of cautious friendship toward Germany. Mr. Mayer, 54. plans to base his cabinet on a coalition of Radi cal Socialists, Socialists and Pop ular Republicans. The same coali tion was used by Henri Queuille in organizing a government which endured for a year and 25 days— a French postwar record. Mr. Queuille resigned October 6 when he opposed Socialist de mands for wage increases to off set the price rises expected under currency devaluation. Church Backs Wage Raise.' The Catholic Church today threw its support behind French labor in its fight for higher wages. “Our social climate is not good,” said a communique from the con gress of French cardinals and archbishops adding: “Too many sufferings are being prolonged and increased in our country today among the workers and underprivileged. Too many wages are abnormally low. Too heavy a threat of unemployment weighs on the families of workers.” The communique said that "it is a duty for Catholics to be in the first line of those who fight to assure the workers a satisfactory wage, to ameliorate their living conditions * * *” _! 1,500,000 to Get Raises Under New Pay Law By the Associated Press The Labor Department esti mates that 1,500,000 workers will get pay raises of 5 to 10 cents an hour when the new minimum wage law goes into effect. Legislation boosting the wage floor from 40 cents hourly to 75 cents for workers in Interstate Commerce now is in President Truman's hands. It will become effective 90 days after his ex pected approval of the measuie. Congressional hearings brought out that the new standard is ex pected to increase employers’ an nual wage bill by about $300,000, 000. The estimate on the number of workers whose pay will have to be hiked to match the new mini mum wage came from William R. McComb, administrator of the Wage and Hour Division of the Labor Department. He supplied ft in a statement congratulating Congres, on pas sage of the legislation and ex pressing hope that.benefits of the law will be extended eventually to other "low paid workers.” About 22,600,000 workers in Interstate Commerce are now covered by the wage and hour law. Naval Ordnance Expert To Head Testing Society Dr. Leslie W. Ball, chief of the Mechanical Evaluation Division of the Naval Ordnance Laboratory, was elected president of the So ciety for Non-Destructive Testing at a meeting last night in Cleve land. The 2,500-member society is made up of experts in the field of X-ray, magnetic and sonic ; testing. It is taking part in the Metals Congress now in progreS» in Cleveland. Dr. Ball, 37, lives at 920 Hero* drive in Silver Spring, Md. 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