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Mostly cloudy with a shower likely late today, high near 80. Clearing tonight, low near 45. Tomorrow mostly sunny and cooler. (Full report on Page A-2.> Midnight, 59 6 a.m. -.-60 11 a.m. —71 2 a.m. 59 8 a.m. _-_62 Noon-73 4 a.m._60 10 a.m. „-69 1 p.m._77 Guide for Readers rage Amusements _ B-16 Church News A-7-10 Classified A-ll-17 Comics _A-18-19 Editorial _A-6 Editorial Articles A-7 t SIC Lost and Found A-3 Obituary _A-4 Radio -A-19 ' Real Estate- B-l-13 Society, Clubs-_A-4 Sports _ B-14-15 An Associated Press Newspaper 97th Year. No. 290. Phone ST. 5000 *★ WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1949—THIRTY-SIX PAGES. City Home De’ivery. Daily and Sunday. $ 1.20 a Month, when 6 ST (lENTS Sundays. SI .30 Nisnt Final Edition. $1.30 and S1.4U per Month. ^ Soviet Reprisals Over Indictment * Of Amtorg Seen Five Top Officers Are Placed Under $15,000 Bond By the Associated Press Indictment of Russia’s famed Amtorg Trading Corp. and its top officers as unregistered foreign agents appears certain to set off new tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. The indictment was returned by a Federal grand jury here and announced by Attorney General McGrath late yesterday. It charged the corporation and six officers with failure to register as agents of a foreign power in ac cordance with American law. The maximum penalty is a $10,000 fine and five years' imprisonment. Washington officials promptly began speculating on Soviet reprisals. The Russian Embassy was reported to have lodged a formal protest with the State De partment and a Moscow prop aganda blast denouncing the in dictment was expected almost im mediately. Held in $15,000 Bail. Shortly after Mr. McGrath made his announcement, five of the Russians were arrested in New York and taken before a United States commissioner, who held them under $15,000 bail each pending a hearing Wednesday on removal to Washington. The six Amtorg officers named in the indictment are: Aleksei Vasilievich Zakharov, president: Dmitri Ivanovich Ba grov and Vasili Petrovich Rebrov, vice president: Serguei Andree vich Shevchenko, treasurer; Alek sander Aleksandrovich Istchenko. secretary, and Gennadi Nokalae vich Ogloblin, former assistant treasurer, now doing other work for Amtorg. All were taken into custody ex cept Bagrov. The Justice Depart ment said he is in Russia. Attorney Isadore Needleman. appearing for the Russians, told the commissioner ”therp is no question” the men will be on hand for the Wednesday hearing. But a Government attorney, Ed ward E. Richey, argued success fully that ‘T prefer $15,000 (bail! to the counsel’s word.” Amtorg Warned Repeatedly. Mr. McGrath said in his an nouncement that since October 1, 1946. Amtorg had collected “in formation for and reported in formation to” Russia and other wise had acted at the orders of the Russian government. In the past three years, he as serted, Amtorg was told repeatedly to register under the Foreign Agents Registration Act. The State Department said it had sent a note to the Soviet Embassy only six weeks ago officially calling at tention to Amtorg's failure to register. Mr. Needleman told the com missioner in New York: “There is no wilfulness here. We have been discussing it with the Department ' of Justice for the past six months and wrote only recently and then this happened.” The Russian Embassy report edly made known its initial reac tion to the State Department during a severi-minute call which the Charge d’Affaires, Vladimir I. Bazykin, made on Undersecretary of State Webb. Mr. Bazykin strode out of Mr. Webb’s office with a “No com ment” to waiting reporters. But American officials, while they would make no statement on his visit, strongly indicated that he had filed a protest. Amtorg Organized in 1924. Amtorg is an American corpo ration, chartered by New York State, with headquarters in New York City. It was initially or ganized in 1924, 10 years before the United States established diplomatic relations with Commu nist Russia. During that time it was the only formal contact or ganization with Russia in this country. Its importance decreased some what after a Soviet Embassy opened in Washington, but it has remained the main channel for trade between the United States and Russia. While its functions are sup posed to be purely commercial, there have been repeated charges in Congress that Amtorg acted as an espionage agency for Mos cow. Mr. McGrath’s statement made i See AMTORG, Page A~37) Truman Polishes UpTalk For U. N. Aboard Yacht By the Associated Press President Truman was cruising down the Potomac today and put ting the final polish on a foreign policy speech. The presidential yacht Wil liamsburg anchored last night at Blackistone Inland in the lower Potomac, ready to push off this morning for the mouth of the Patuxent River. Mr. Truman’s party will return to Washington tomorrow after noon. The foreign policy speech Is to be delivered Monday at the laying of the corner stone of the United Nations Building in New York. 2 of 5 Breaking Arizona Jail Are Slain, 2 Quickly Captured At Least One of Pair Killed by'Shots of Crippled Watchman By the Associated Press PHOENIX. Ariz., Oct. 22.—Five Arizona desperadoes smashed out of the midtown, fifth-floor county jail early today, and two fell dead under a blast of gunfire before | they could get out of the court house. At least one of the prisoners was killed by a crippled night watchman whom they had dis turbed reading in a ground-floor record room. The watchman, Tom Stowe, may have shot the second, but so many sheriff’s deputies were fir ing by that time that no one could be sure who hit him. Two of the jailbreakers were captured on a stairway between : the second and third floors. The fifth. Jack L. Tatum, 26, crawled out of a courtroom window and got away. A deputy sheriff was shot in the mouth by one of the prisoners. Killed were two Arizona prison pals who were charged with mur der not long after release from the penitentiary. They were Ed ward Corcoran, 33. and Edward McEwen, 32. Both were awaiting trial. The search for Tatum turned downtown Phoenix into a furor in the early morning hours. Sheriff’s deputies roped off tne courthouse grounds to keep several hundred spectators out of the range of pos 300 Priests Reported j Held in Czechs' Drive To Impose Church Law Catholic Sources Declare Unrest Has Been Created In Some Communities By the Associated Press PRAGUE. Oct. 22. —Church sources said today that Commu nist-directed police raids of the, last two weeks resulted in the. arrest of dozens of Catholic"priests! and caused unrest in some Czechoslovak communities. These sources estimated that; more than 300 priests now are! in jail, most of them for oppos-; ing the government’s new’ church-! control law which makes them civil servants and gives the state; control over all church appoint ments and financial and admin istrative affairs. The police action against priests, which was stepped up to break resistance to the govern ment’s church-control schemes was separate from the widespread roundups of small businessmen which sent thousands of middle class elements to prison and forced labor camps. South Budejovice Hard Hit. Hardest hit in the police swoop against priests, the church sources said, were the district of Budejo ivice and the city of Ceske Bude jovice. in Southern Bohemia, about 100 miles south of Prague. There 9 vicars have been jailed, along with about 40 priests. This is about 10 per cent of the clergy of this diocese. The church sources also said that the Bishop of Ceske Budejo vice had been put under police surveillance similar to that kept on Archbishop Josef Beran of Prague. Permanent, guards sur round his residence and his auto has been reported confiscated. Unrest developed in the Bude jovice diocese w'hen plainclothes police attempted to arrest the bishop’s secretary, a priest, in the daytime. Catholics gathered in front of the bishop’s palace and prevented it. The police retreated that time, but returned at night and arrested the secretary. Arrests of priests also were re ported in various other Bohemian and Moravian towns. Fire in Parish House. At Rockycany, west of Prague, the Catholic administrator of the parish of Straisce was sentenced to two months in jail and fined 10,000 crowns ($200) for reading a pastoral letter. Subsequently a fire broke out (See CZECH, Page A-3.) Real Fall Weather Due To Reach D. C. Tomorrow Washington's misplaced spring weather was due to bow out after a high today of nearly 80 degrees. Winds reaching 15 to 25 fniles an hour were expected to usher out the warm weather late to day with a shower likely. The Weather Bureau forecast “more typical fall weather,’’ be ginning tomorrow. By Monday morning, the temperature was ex pected to drop to the 40s. The cool air is coming out of I the West and hioving rapidly this ! way, according to the forecaster. In Baltimore the Weather Bu reau predicted snow flurries in extreme Western Maryland about Wednesday. The forecaster here, however, said there was no evidence to in dicate Washington was likely to get snow flurries, although he did not bar the remote possibility that the mercury might slide loWi enough for a few flakes. TOM STOWE. Fned on fleeing desperadoes. —AP Wirephoto. sible gunfire. Fire trucks splashed their searchlights over the build ing and shadowy grounds. Road blocks were thrown up through out the city. The prisoners staged their break about 1:15 a.m. W. A. Millett, jailer, said Tatum asked him for aspirin. When he opened their cell door, the prisoners jumped him. Leaving Mr. Millett locked in the cell, the prisoners picked up an automatic pistol in the jail office and entered an elevator. They got out on the second floor See JAILBREAK, Page A-2.)~ U. N. Upholds Charges That Soviet Satellites Violate Human Rights Assembly Asks Advisory Opinion by International Court on Treaty Clauses BULLETIN NEW YORK UP).—The United Nations Assembly turned aside bitter Soviet protests today and in effect upheld Western charges of violations of human rights behind the iron curtain in Bul garia, Hungary and Romania. The Assembly voted, 47 to 5, to express its grave concern over the charges. It also asked the International Court of Justice for an advisory opinion on whether the Soviet satellites are obligated to carry out treaty provisions for settling the long' disputes. r By the Associated Pres* NEW YORK, Oct. 22.—Dmitri Z. Manuilsky, Soviet Ukrainian Foreign Minister, charged today that fundamental human rights are being violated every day in the United States. » He made his charge in the clos ing stages of a heated human rights debate in the United Na tions General Assembly. Manuilsky told , the Assembly that Western charges against Bul garia, Hungary and Romania were “dirty slanders” and “flagrant falsifications." He attacked the United States for being one of the countries to press the charges, saying that it was strange for such action to come from a land where “lynch law” and “Jim Crow” prevails and where "fundamental human rights are being violated every day.” Manuilsky was the last listed speaker. Shawcross Hits Vishinsky. White Russia’s foreign minister. Kuzma Kisselev,, sought in vain last night to be included in the speaking list, to answer a blister ing attack by Britain’s Sir Hartley Shawcross on the Soviet bloc leader, Russia’s ^Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky. Kisselev was expected to renew his fight to take the floor today. J The 59-nation 'Assembly in plenary session hoped to reach a ♦ote on whether to cite Bulgaria, (See U. N„ Page A-3.) 2 Women and Brother Found Slain in Home By the Associated Press BERKELEY, Calif.,"Oct. 22.— Two women were found bludg eoned to death and their brother shot and killed in their residence here today. Police breaking in at the in sistence of neighbors, who became worried after papers and milk piled up on the porch for 11 days, found dead: "'Mrs. Mamie McKenzie, 70, for meryhouse mother at Stern Hall, women’s dormitory on the Univer sity of California campus. Miss Irene O’Neil, about 60, Mrs. McKenzie’s sister. Eugene O’Neil, 62, the women’s brother and a retired Southern Pacific locomotive engineer. The bodies of the two women, horribly beaten, were found in their bedroom. Mr. O’Neil, shot to death, was lying in a laundry off the kitchen. The gun which apparently killed him was lying in the hallway near the bedrooms. Police were unable to determine immediately whether he had shot himself fatally and crawled away from the gun or Whether he had been murdered. Steel Settlement Collapses; Coal Outlook Bleak ICC Orders 25% Cut In Passenger Trains Powered by Steam By James Y. Newton Chances of an early settlement of the three-week-old steel strike dwindled today as a plan which the Government hoped would end the deadlock over pensions and social insurance fell through. The plan collapsed as the out look for ending the five-week-old soft coal strike appeared even more bleak and as a fuel shortage brought an Interstate Commerce Commission order for a cut in coal-burning passenger service. At White Sulphur Springs, W. Va„ Northern and Western coal operators yesterday walked out of negotiations with John L. Lewis’ United Mine Workers, saying that to remain would be to "fool the public.” v uioacK tnmivt mesaay. Dwindling coal supplies forced the Interstate Commerce Commis sion to order the 25 per cent re duction in passenger trains pow ered by steam locomotives, effec tive Tuesday. The order applied to lines with less than a 25-day supply of coal, and the Association of American Railroads estimated that on October 1 one-third of the Nation's carriers had less than a 30-day supply on hand. “An emergency exists requiring immediate action in all sections of the country," the ICC said. "Resei’Ve stocks of railroad loco motive coal have reached a dan gerously low level and are further decreasing.” The New York Central Rail road earlier had announced a de cision to eliminate 89 steam-oper ated passenger trains tSnight, af fecting service in 11 States. Details of the plan for ending the steel strike were a closely guarded secret, but it was under stood to call for a slight compro mise in the CIO United Steel workers’ demand for company financed pensions, one which would have allowed the steel com panies the opportunity to back away from their flat rejection of the union demand. The union, it was said, balked at acceptance. Ching Continues Talks. President Truman was described as still counting on a steel settle ment to set the pace for ending the coal walkout. Altogether about 1.000.000 workers are affected bv the twin strikes. Cyrus S. Ching, Federal media tion chief, was continuing his peace talks in New York with the United States Steel Corp. The conference began Wednesday. The only sign of a break, and it was a minor one, came from Blue field, W. Va., where Southern operators, representing about a fifth of soft coal tonnage, reported progress toward meeting Mr Lewis’ demands for increased pay ments into the UMW welfare and retirement fund. The Southerners scheduled another meeting with the miners for Tuesday. The larger group of operators at White Sulphur said there was no use continuing negotiations They had offered to renew their old contract with some changes in their favor. Mr. Lewis had offered a new .contract which would increase coal production costs from 30 to 35 cents a ton. Pressure Effort Charged. Thomas Kennedy, UMW vice president, said the operators had walked out in an effort to pres sure the Government into taking over the dispute. But there appeared to be no inclination on the part of Mr. Truman or his top advisers to be pushed into action in the coal strike. Instead, the President was represented as leaning entirely on Mr. Ching’s efforts to bring United States Steel into agreement with Philip Murray, president of the CIO and the striking steelworkers. More than half of the steel union’s million members already are on strike. Their walkout be gan October 1. With the CIO convention be ginning in Cleveland, October 31, Mr. Murray was said to feel that he must produce either a resound ing victory or no settlement at all. Man, 75,Found Dead in Yard With Revolver in Hand Henry Beck, 75, of 4535 Harri son street N.W., was found dead of a bullet wound in his lower abdomen early today in the side yard of his home, a .32-caliber revolver still clutched in his hand. Police said Mr. Beck had been in ill health and worrying over an impending operation. The body was found about 5:45 a.m. by Homer Hall, 1530 North Longfellow street, Arlington, a route man for the Post. Mr. Beck, a widower, lived with his daughter, Miss Helen Beck, who said she had looked into his bedroom about 2 a.m. and found him apparently asleep. He had the revolver for many years, she said. He was pronounced dead by the family physician. Dr. T. A. Wild man. PLENTY OF TOOLS AND WOOD—-BUT THE BOYS ARENT CUTTIN' MUCH FOR , TH'WINTER! / > ... i.j ■ - v V*» 2 Communist Forces Racing for Junction In South China Drive • Red Troops Aiming to Pin Notionalists Against Indo-China Frontier ly the Associated Pr#»* HONG KONG, Oct. 22.—Two Communist forces driving west ward in South China raced to night toward a linkup for an assault on Kweilin. Red Gen. Chen Keng's troops, moving northwest along the West River from Canton, raced to tie ; in with Gen. Lin Paio's Communist ■veterans who were driving on the Kwangsi Province capital from the nortiieast. Exact positions of the two forces were not disclosed. Their aim seemed to be the pinning of Nationalist Gen. Pai Chunghsi's armies against the French Indo-China border in the southwest corner of Kwangsi. Pai s force of 200,000 men is the best left to the Nationalists. Commission Evacuated. In the face of the advancing Red Armies, the entire staff of, the Joint Commission of Rural! Reconstruction was evacuated! from Kweilin, which is 250 air | miles northwest of Canton. Thej i organization went to Yungning ! (Nanning*, where the Kwangsi provincial government already had been transplanted. (This dispatch referred to Yungning as “present Nation alist headquarters.” This might indicate Kweilin’s threat al ready was so serious that Pai had moved his command base to Yungning. It is deep in Southwestern Kwangsi.) Elsewhere in the Chinese civil war: The Communist news agency claimed the capture of Tao Hua Island only 3 miles south of Chu Shan, Nationalist air and navy blockade base in the Chushan ar chipelago 100 miles-southeast of Shanghai. The Communists also an nounced their troops had arrived at Tihwa, capital of Sinkiang Province in the far northwest. On September 29. the Red radio an (See CHINA, Page A-2.) ! London Women on Spree Of Buying fo Beaf Taxes Sy th« AsiociaUd Pr»si LONDON, Oct. 22.—Housewives went on a shopping spree again toda£ after rumors spread that the government will raise pur chase taxes to fight inflation. Stores in London's fashionable West End reported the busiest morning of the year. There was no confirmation or denial of the rumors. Prime Min ister Attlee plans to announce Monday a series of economy meas ures necessitated by the nation’s financial crisis. Details still are top secret. Earlier this week a buying rush for clothing developed because of rumors that clothing rationing, abandoned last spring, would be .restored. The government denied that it had any such intention. $500,000 in Cash In 10 Suitcases Pays for Hotel By the Associated Press NEWARK. N. J., Oct. 22.—A follower of Father Divine today took over affairs of the Hotel Riviera, which was paid for with $500,000 in cash lugged from Phil adelphia in 10 suitcases. The money was brought to the Federal Trust Co. here by 10 Di-| vine followers and it took 14 tell- '■ ers 3 hours and 35 minutes to; count the money in $5, $10 and $20 bills. They carried the cash from Philadelphia headquarters Thurs-i day without guard or guns. The follower handling opera tions identified himself as “Ger maine.” a retired engineer and architect. He said smoking will not be permitted. One tenant who said he had paid a month’s; rent in advance was told he could; remain. When he asked Ger maine if he could smoke, he was asked: “You enjoy walking, don’t you? Then you can do your smok ing in the fresh air.” George V. Allen Likely Choice to Become U.S. Envoy to Yugoslavia Acheson Aide Directed to Join Parley of Diplomats In Soviet Bloc Countries By the Associated Press The United States is expected to name Assistant Secretary of State George V. Allen Ambassador to Yugoslavia as part Of the West ern campaign to stiffen Marshal Tito's resistance to Moscow. Informed diplomatic officials said Mr. Allen is Secretary of State Acheson's choice for the key cold war post now held by the ailing Cavendish Cannon. Mr. Allen is a former Ambassa dor to Iran. There he had two years of first-hand experience in a distrustful neighbor country of Soviet Russia at a time when the relations between Iran and Mos cow were particularly critical. He is now in Europe and has just been directed by Mr. Acheson to Join in a conference with American envoys to SoViet-bloc countries, opening Tuesday in London. Appointment Expected Soon. President Truman is expected to name him to the Belgrade post shortly. This would fit in with other moves by the United States and the other Western powers to en courage Marshal Tito in his feud with the Cominform. The next such move may be a decision by the United'States and Britain to lift an existing ban on the shipment of civilian aviation equipment to Yugoslavia. Antici pating a favorable decision, the Yugoslav government already has asked permission to buy equip ment from an American airline. Officials said the State, com Tsee"YUGbSLAVIA, PageX^TT New Congress Battles Indicated on Judges' Recess Appointments Three Actively Opposed By Senators; Six Given Bench Assignments Here New fights in the next session of Congress over President Tru man's nominations were foreshad owed today by his recess appoint ment of three Federal judges op posed by individual Senators from the States involved. Carroll O. Switzer, whose nomi nation as Federal judge for the southern district of Iowa was blocked in the last session by Sen ator Gillette, Democrat, of Iowa, was one of the controversial fig ures given recess appointments by the President late yesterday. He also appointed M. Neil An drews to take over as Federal judge for the northern district of Georgia and Willis W. Ritter for Utah. Mr. Andrews has been op posed by Senator Russell, Demo crat, of Georgia and Mr. Ritter by Senator Watkins, Republican, of Utah. 23 Appointments Made. In all the President announced recess appointments for 23 men he had nominated for Federal judgeships but who were not con firmed before Congress adjourned. To hold their new jobs they will have to be nominated again and confirmed by the Senate after Congress meets again in January. The list of recess appointments included six new judges here. They are George T. Washington, David L. Bazelon and Charles Fahy for the United States Court of Appeals, and Charles F. Mc Laughlin, James R. Kirkland and Mrs. Burnita Matthews as District Court judges. Also on the list was William Henry Hastie. Governor of the Virgin Islands and former dean oi the Howard University Law School here, to be a judge of the Third Circuit Court of Appeals in Phila delphia. He will be the first (See JUDGES. Page A-2J Chungking's Poor District Hit by Fire; 3,000 Homeless By the Associated Press CHUNGKING. Oct. 22. —Fire raged through Chungking’s poor class Changpei district today, leav ing more than 3,000 persons homeless. No casualties were re ported in the city’s fourth bad blaze since 'September 2. Two employes of a tobacco dry ing ship, where the fire was be lieved to have started, were ar rested on charges of negligence. Lack of fire-fighting apparatus and the tardy arrival of flreboats on the Chialiang River gave the fire free rein. Only frepzied tear ing down of buildings to create fire lanes limited the flames. Some 217 homes were reported de stroyed. The Changpei district is across the river from Chungking’s down town area which was hard hit by a fire September 4 which killed 1,700 persons. It's Dollars to Doughnuts You're Confused, Tool The troubles or the Dixie Donut Shop cleric and a flim-flam artist were related in Municipal Court today. The cleric. Miss Evelyn Glass, 307 Seventy-second place. Car mody Hills, Md., said "the gentle man’’ came into th6 shop at 606 Pennsylvania avenue S.E. yester day and ordered a dozen dough nuts which cost 40 cents. She said he gave her a $20 bill in payment and she gave him $19.60 in change. Then' he gave her a dime for two more dough nuts which cost 9 cents and got a penny change. He then took a $5 bill and flve $1 bills, placed them on the counter, and asked her if she would give him a $10 bill for them- Miss Glass took a $10 bill from the cash register and hand ed it to the man. He took the $10 bill, gathered up the $5 and the five $1 bills and handed all of them to the clerk and asked that she give him a $20 bill. This she did. "I was so confused, I didn’t know what I was doing,” she told Judge Thomas D. Quinn. At this point the manager of the shop, Charles Vanderhuff, came over and said the customer was asking for too much change and closed the register. The man left, but a quick check of the cash revealed that $10 was miss ing. "Was the cash register still there?” Judge Quinn asked. ronce were cauea ana arresiea “the gentleman,” Harry Joseph Livingston, 68, of Baltimore, in a restaurant about four blocks away, where he was getting change for a $20 bill. Livingston admitted doing the clerk out of the $10 and told the court she had been repaid. Judge Quinn commented that Livingston was first' arrested 49 years ago for a similar offense and had been arrested innumer able times since, the last time following a card game in which the other players were not satis fied with the outcome. "I think you wduld find out you can't get away with it,” he declared. He sentenced Livingston to 180 days in jail. Two Legislators Warn Johnson Against Purge Short and Sasscer Oppose Vengeance In Unity Dispute Warning against any Pentagon purges as a result of the armed forces’ quarrels over unification came from two House member* today. Representative Short, Republi can, of Missouri said he intend* to see to it that Secretary of Defense Johnson sticks to per sonal assurances that there will be no reprisals over airing of Navy grievances in the House Armed Services Committee hearings that wound up yesterday. Representative Sasscer, Demo crat, of Maryland asserted that "we have got to be careful to keep away from any elimination or purges." He emphasized that th* important thing “is to get th* i armed services working as a team." Dismissals Reported Impending. i 'The Short and Sasscer state ments came in the wake of spread ing reports that some heads may roll in the Pentagon as an after math of the heated congressional hearings. Those reports were given new impetus yesterday when Secretary Johnson said it was failure to sup port unification which resulted in the resignation of former Secre tary of the Navy John L. Sullivan —a statement w’hich Mr. Sullivan promptly denied. Navy officers appearing at tha committee hearings have indicated that their main quarrel is not with the unification law itself, but Iwith the way it is being carried out. Nevertheless, there was speculation that Mr. Johnson had them in mind when he said ha wanted no opponents of unifica tion on his team. “If they think they can get unification by ruthlessly elimi nating opposition, they’ve got an other think coming,” Mr. Short told reporters. “Everything can be worked out all right if there it not too much vindictiveness.” j Broad Integration Proposed. The hearings on defense strat egy and the interservice disputa came to a close on a “where-do we-go-from-here?” note. One result may be a broad inte gration of the armed forces’ Re serve training programs. The “get-acquainted” program could be initiated without legisla tion and Mr. Johnson has indi cated he favors it in principle. In bringing the inquiry to a close yesterday. Chairman Vin son said the committee will not draw up any specific recommenda tions until Congress comes back to work in January. But he em phasized the committee is in terested particularly in making certain that present programs of personnel exchange among tha services for training be expanded. Suggested by Durham. | Chairman Vinson, Mr. Short and ; others on the committee had | shown concern over Navy claims that the Air Force would not let Navy flyers familiarize themselves with the B-36 intercontinental I bomber and over Air Force state i ments that they knew little about I the Navy’s Banshee jet fighter plane and weren’t particularly in terested in it. The proposal to extend some measure of unification to the re serves came from Representative Durham, Democrat, of North Carolina. He joined Mr. Vinson in declaring the only way to make unification work is to have all services brought into intimate contact with the problems of th» others. There’s no reason why the pres ent limited interchange of per sonnel shouldn’t be increased and extended to the reserve units, Mr, Durham said. “Excellent” Says Johnson. Mr. Johnson called it “an excel lent suggestion.” He said it hadn't occurred to him, inasmuch as the cross-training program was in an early stage. He promised to bring it up at the next meeting of the Defense Department’s Civilian Components Policy Board. In addition to the defense chief, the committee heard yesterday from former President Hoover and Gen. George C. Marshall, wartime Army Chief of Staff. Both emphasized that economies in service budgets are essential and that all services must share the cuts. “Deserves Full Support.” Mr. Johnson “deserves the full support of this committee and the country in his difficult task” of trimming armed, force expendi tures, Mr. Hoove* said. He warned that the Nation's (See SERVICE FIGHT, Page A-3.) 1 1 a Listen to WMAL Tonight for The Star's Football Roundup For today’s football head lines and scores tune in The Star’s Football Roundup broad cast tonight over Station WMAL at 8 o’clock direct from The Star’s newsroom. 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