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^undau ptaf Junior Star—Civics WASHINGTON, D. C., >OCTOBER 23, 1949 __ < * A—19 Part-Time Work Stirs Dispute at Transit Hearing Union Demands End Of Hiring Practice; Firm Denies Charge A union demand that the Capi tal Transit Co. stop hiring Gov ernment workers and others as part-time street car and bus op erators provoked a vigorous dis pute yesterday before the arbitra tion board. « The five-man board has been holding hearings on the company union differences over a new con tract. The union is asking a 25 cent-an-hour pay increase and other benefits. The hearings ad journed yesterday afternoon until November 2. The part-time worker subject came up when E. L. Oliver, who is presenting the union case, came to its request for a new section in the proposed contract which would read: "All outside part-time em ployes shall become full-time em ployes or be dropped from the payroll * • • ” Company Denies Charge. William F. Simms, union presi dent, said his organization tried to get the part-time worker* elim inated in an arbitration in 1947, but failed. Mr. Oliver said the union was given assurance at that time that the company would move toward the extinction of this practice. This was immediately and vigorously denied by the company. Mr. Oliver charcterized the prac tice as a “serious abuse” and said it is not permitted in contracts other transit companies have with their employes. Mr. Simms said the practice started in World War I and was adopted again during World War II. He said that in 1947 there were about 57 such employes but the number has increased to about 125. The company’s full reply to the union’s contention will not be given until it presents its case later. A company spokesman, however, put the number of such employes at about 90, including two of the nine women operators. Mr. Simms said that at one time policemen worked part time as transit operators, but the Police Department stopped this. He said the part-time workers take work from the regular em ployes and said he believed that if there is any overtime work it should be given to the regulars. Hawley Simpson, representing the company in the arbitration said the company wants to continue hiring part-time workers. He con ceded the practices deprives reg ulars of overtime pay. ivu. wiivei cunienaea mat me purpose of overtime payments is to discourage long hours. He said that this end is not being attained if a man works eight hours at his regular job and then works for Capital Transit additional hours without overtime payments. Holiday Plea Presented. Samuel E. Emmons, company general manager, said some part time workers have no other job. He said also the number includes some students who are former em ployes now going to school under the GI bill. The union completed its presen tation to support its plea for eight holidays a year with pay for all employes and double pay if a man has to work on those days. An exhibit — one of about 40 pre sented so far — was introduced which showed that the Potomac Electric Power Co., the Washing ton Gas Light Co., and the Chesa peake and Potomac Telephone Co. allow eight hollidays with pay. The days are Washington’s Birthday, Decoration, Indepen dence, Armistice and Labor Days, Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year's Day. Pepco and the tele phone company also allow In auguration Day as a paid holiday every four years. Public Relations Group To Hear Carmichael James H. Carmichael, president of Capital Airlines, will speak at a 12:15 p.m. luncheon meeting tomorrow of the National Capital Forge, American Public Relations Association, to be held at the Sheraton Hotel. His subject will be “Better Public Relations, a Primary Concern of Manage ment.’’ Max R. Shohet, manager of the Washington office of Radio Reports, Inc., has been appointed chairman of the publicity com mittee for the fourth annua] meet ing of the APRA, December 2, at the Hotel Washington. Eight Youngsters Poison Selves in Home Accidents Eight children were poisoned accidentally last week after eat ing such items as 30 grains of aspirin, ant powder, kerosene and clothes bleach, the District Red Cross Accident Prevention Service reported yesterday. Two adults died during the week from injuries caused by falls at home and fl4 Washington residents were treated at hospitals for home accidents. One eight-month-old baby suf fered chemical bums on her mouth when she crawled into a strong lye compound her brother and sister had spread on the floor. A nine-month-old baby swallowed a paper clip and a seven-year-old girl suffered second-degree burns when she took a box of matches into a closet to play and set fire to her clothing. So far this year, 5,0?o persons have been injured and 179 have died as a result of home accidents.' ———IWWWBWIlWIKffffliTO1. • - NEW BEAUTY —Here is the latest view of the Pan Ameri can Union Annex at Eight eenth street, Virginia avenue and Constitution avenue N.W. Ben. Young to Take Up Civilian Defense Plan For City Next Week Engineer Commissioner Gordon R. Young will take up with his fellow District Commissioners this week the question of whether a civilian defense plan should be set up for Washington, he said yesterday. Gen. Young did not disclose his own opinion as to whether a pro gram should be organized now or if so, what the setup might comprise. Hopley Plan Is Starter. He did say, however, that the program for cities outlined in the Hopley report on civilian defense planning, if adapted to Washing ton, appeared to offer a good starting point for the planning here. The Hopley report is the plan developed by an advisory group in the National Military Establish ment, headed by Russell J. Hop ley. The report never got official approval. John R. Steelman, presidential assistant and acting chairman of the Nationail Security Resources Board, has sent out to Governors of the states and territories a 10 point program which was ap proved by the board members after President Truman’s an nouncement there had been an atomic explosion in Russia. Called Useful Guide. The board said in this com munication it would encourage States to adopt civil defense legis lation creating planning bodies and charging State and subordi nate officials with responsibility for planning and preparedness measures. But it offered no specific guid ance from Federal sources. The States were told by Mr. Steelman that the board considers the Hop ley report a useful guide in plan ning for defense. The Federation of Business Men’s Association at a meeting last week passed a resolution calling for steps to oragnize a civilian defense setup here. Heart Attack Kills Supper Club Worker Joseph Alley, 67, assistant man ager of the Blue Mirror Supper Club, 824 Fourteenth street N.W., died yesterday of a heart attack on the street near the club. Mr. Alley, who lived at the As toria Hotel, 809 Fourteenth street N.W., had complained of feeling ill, police said, and was escorted across the street to the hotel when he collapsed. He had been in Be thesda Naval Hospital for two months last spring with a heart condition. He came here from his native Syria in 1904 and lived in New York State. In 1916 he joined the Army and served with Gen. John J. Pershing’s unitive expedi tion into Mexico. He served in France in World War I. Mr. Alley then owned a grocery j in Pittsfield, Mas^ He came here I in 1933 as assistant manager of i the Blue Mirror. He is survived by a nephew, Ameen David, owner of the sup per club. Funeral services will be held at 2:30 p.m. Tuesday in the Cham bers funeral home, 1400 Chapin street N.W. Burial will be in Arlington Cemetery. Mrs. Faircloth President Of Women's Bar Group The Women’s Bar Association of the District has elected Mrs. Olive G. Faircloth president for the coming year. Mrs. Faircloth is special as sistant corpo- .... ration counsel for the District and attorney for.- the special financial unit, C o 11 e ctor ' of Taxes of _ the District. Other offi cers of the as- | sociation are Mrs. Sarah A. Perrin, vice president; Mrs. - M a r j orie D. r*ir*i«ta. Hansen, treasurer; Miss Ruth F. Major, recording secretary, and Miss Mary Bakshian, correspond ing secretary. Col. Mary-Agnes Tiown. formerly head of the WAAC in Australia in World War n, is chairman of the finance committee. Curley Club Plans Picnic The Curley Club of Washington will hold its final fall picnic at Great Falls Park at 1 pm. today. The group will meet at the Con tinental Hotel and then go to the park. •Miss Santos and Miss Casanas are shown ip the tunnel dbnnectlng the main building with the new annex. The tunnel was built some time ago, but has never been used. —Star Staff Phetos. Quick Man With a Buck Runs Dozen Doughnuts Into Dollars A flim-flam artist had a Dixie Donut Shop clerk passing out dol lars as well at doughnuts the other day, Judge Thomas D. Quinn learned in Municipal Court yes terday, much to his confusion. The clerk, Miss Evelyn Glass, 307 Seventy-second place, Car mody Hills, Md., related this story ^r&JijSfthat on Friday a dis tinguished-appearing gentleman of 68 came into the shop at 606 Pennsylvania avenue SJS., and ordered a dozen doughnuts. The price was 40 cents. Miss Glass said he gave her a $20 bill in payment and she gave him $19.60 in change. Then he gave her a dime for two more doughnuts which cost 9 cents and got a penny back. All this time he was displaying an “old coin,’’ she related, and discussing how rare the old coin was. He then took a $5 bill and five $1 bills, placed them on the coun ter and asked her if she would give him a $10 bill for them. Miss Glass took a $10 bill from the cash register and handed it to the man. He took the $10 bill, gathered up the $5 bill and the five $1 bills from the counter and handed them all to her, asking that she give him a $20 bill. This she did. “It was all happening so fast that he really had me confused, judge,” she said. The manager of the shop, Charles Vanderhuff, came over at this point and put a stop to the transactions and closed the cash register. The gentleman left but a quick check of the cash register revealed that $10 was missing. “Was the cash register still there?” Judge Quinn asked. Mr. Vanderhuff called the po lice and not long afterward they found the man in a restaurant four blocks away, getting change for a $20 bill. " Police arrested the man, iden tified later as Harry Joseph Liv ingston of Baltimore. He admit ted doing the clerk out of the $10 in court and noted that he had paid the clerk back. Judge Quinn, referring to Liv ingston’s record, said he had been .arrested innumerable times for similar incidents over the last 49 years. The last time was because of a card game in which the other players were not satisfied with 'the outcome. "I think you would find out you can’t get away with it,” Judge Quinn said. He sentenced Liv ingston to 180 days in jail. Bandit Pays Second Visit to Cleaners A youth who robbed the Vogue Cleaning Agency, 529 Forty-sec ond street N.E.. last jlune. did it again last night and escaped with1 $12, police reported. Mrs. Joseph Anderson, 38, a clerk alone in the shop, said the thief scooped $10 in bills and about $2 in dimes from a cash drawer and escaped into a woods nearby. She told police the robber, a colored boy about 16 years of age, was the same who robbed her of $80 in the shop last June. Police last night also were on the lookout for a man who held up Stander’s Liquor Store, 81 Florida avenue N.W., and fled with $182 taken from the store’s cash register. Sam Stander, the owner, told police he was alone when a colored man, about 30 years old, entered. Miss Benedicta Santos, of Brazil and Miss Lydia Casar as, of Puerto Rico, lend Pan-American charm to the grace of this stairway inside the building. Dark green Georgia marble is used throughout the building, which is due to open in about 30 days.# Pan-American Annex Near Completion by Nelson M. Shepard A year after the cornerstone laying, the administrative annex of the Pan American Union is virtually completed on the Con stitution avenue site which prob ably caused a longer and more acrimonious controversy in offi cial Washington than any other building in the memory of oldest inhabitants. The new Organization of Amer ican States and Dr. Alberto Lleras, secretary-general, will write “fin ish” to the 20-year period of con fusion at “open house” ceremonies being planned for the marble faced building next month, pro nounced “a gem” by Gilmore D. Clarke, chairman of the Fine Arts Commission, the annex occupies only half of the landscaped tri angle bounded also by Virginia avenue, Eighteenth and Nine teenth streets. Authorized for construction on this same triangle by Congress in 1929, the Pan American Union was balked for years in its efforts to erect the annex by former In terior Secretary Harold L. Ickes. Things got so hot that President Roosevelt tried his hand unsuc cessfully at compromise. Mr. Ickes resented any proposal that would shut off the view of the new Interior Department building. With Latin American patience, the Union waited for Mr. Ickes to retire from the Cabinet. Then one day in February, 1948, the suc ceeding Secretary, Julius A. Krug, looked from his office window to Miss Elizabeth McGroarty To Be Buried Tomorrow Funeral services for Miss Eliza beth Van Lear McGroarty, 42, a former resident of Falls Church, will be held at 3:30 p.m. tomorrow in the Demaine funeral home, 520 South Washington street, Alexandria. Burial will be in Oak wood Cemetery, Falls Church. Miss McGroarty died Thursday at her home in New York of a] cerebral hemorrhage. She had been ill for three days. Bom in Shepherdstown, W. Va., she came to Falls Church to live as a young girl. She was gradu ated from Western High School and Sullins Junior College in Bristol, Va. Miss McGroarty went to New York 14 years ago to help organ ize her studio, “Quanta Color,” which specializes in blending col ors and designs in fabric. It is located at No. 10 Rockerfeller see a huge stAm shovel at work across the street. He blasted away at the Union, when he discovered the cause. The Fine Arts Commis sion and National Capital Park and Planning Commission took sides with Dr. Lleras and the In terior Department finally ad mitted defeat. Dr. Lleras sponsored a preview of the annex yesterday. The 1,000-foot tunnel that con nects the annex with the south west corner of the main Pan American Building was actually started some years ago. Work on it was renewed when the issue of the site was finally determined. It services as a short cut to the annex for the avoidance of street traffic. Also it serves as a conduit for the pipes that convey heat to the building from the Govern ment’s central heating plant. . The $2,100,000 construction cost of the annex was met by quotas from each of the member Ameri can States and an original grant of $650,000 from the Carnegie Corporation. The late Paul B. Cret, who designed the Pan American Building was called in on the plans for the annex in the early 1930’s. These plans were eventually carried out by Harbe-. son. Hough, Livingston & Larsen, architects and the Turner Ccm struction Co. Simplicity is the key-note of the interior offices and roonfs which will number about 70. Dr. Lleras will have his main office on the front center of the second Plaza, New York. She was active in that firm until her death. Surviving are her mother, Mrs. Terry Mentzer, who lives on Mid lands Farm near Lovettsville, Va., and her grandmother, Mrs. Charles N. McGroarty, 306 North Cherry street, Falls Church. Committee Due to Select Health Officer This Week The special committee of health and medical leaders studying the question of a successor to former Health Officer George C. Ruhlaiid probably will propose names of three possible candidates to the Commissioners tomorrow or Tues day. A committee spokesman said last night that a report to the city heads will be made within the next two days. It was indi cated earlier that the committee expected to reach a decision at a meeting last Friday. From the three names proposed, the Com missioners are expected to name the new health officer. Neighborhood School Study Montgomery School Opening Helps This Area <Eighth of a series) Nearly 500 colored pupils in mid-city Washington went on full time instruction last week with the opening of the new Mont gomery Elementary School but problems here are many, varied and are a main source of worry to school officials. The area under discussion today is bounded by Florida avenue on the North and West; North Capitol street on the East; and Connecticut avenue, New York avenue and Massachusetts avenue on the South. About two-thirds of the population there is estimated to be Negroes. Dr. George D. Strayer, of Columbia University, who made a study of school needs in the Dis trict last year, said the expansion of commercial establishments Indicates a stable or declining residential1 population. All Land Is in Use. Nearly all the land in this area is utilized currently and there will be no population increase unless the present type- of housing changes drastically, he added. All of the colored senior high schools are located here. Cardozo. with an enrollment of 1,796 is 756 over capacity and operates on a triple shift. Armstrong has 1,247 students, 170 over capacity, and Dunbar has 1,693 students, 78 over capacity. Hie Board of Education will consider what to do about Car doso's overcrowding at Its next meeting. The transfer of Central High School has been much dis cussed as a solution. Long range plans call for a re placement of Cardozo, to be built in the vicinity of Barry place and ■ f I I \ s Georgia avenue N.W. Money for purchase of the site was asked in the 1951 budget estimates. Armstrong also is to be replaced and the 1951 budget estimates ask money to construct the new build ing in Brentwood Park N.E. at a cost of $4,800,000. Money to put an addition on Dunbar, at a cost of more than $1,000,000, also was requested. The board also hopes to get the long-awaited Spingarn High School for colored studehts started this fall at Twenty-fourth street and Bennlng road N.E. to give a high school to that fast growing part of the city. » Bell Vocational High annex, at Sixth and O streets N.W., will be raxed whenever the School Board f gets an appropriation for remod eling Bell itself, formerly the Powell Junior High School. This site then will be used for the construction of a new Shaw Junior High School for colored students. The present Shaw was built in 1902 and used as a white technical high school until Mc Kinley High was built in 1928. Also in this area is the “Ter rible Terrell,” so named because Dr. Strayer said it was the worst junior high school plant he had seen in the United States. Money to start construction of a replace ment for this colored school also was asked by the Board ,in the 1951 budget. Both Shaw and Terrell have en rollments slightly under capacity but Garnet-Patterson, the third colored junior high in the area, has 137 pupils oyer capacity. Wash ington Vocational High for colored students is 41 under capacity. The twa white elementary schools are Seaton, which is 37 under capacity, and Thomson, 265 under capacity. School offi cials asked for a replacement for Seaton, however, ift the 1951 bud get as the building is “obsolete from every angle” and the oldest white school in the city. Colored Schools Listed. The colored elementary schools are: Bundy, two under, capacity; Cleveland, 77 over; Cook, 10 over; Douglas-Simmonik 8$ over; Gar rison, 118 over; Grimke, 57 over; Harrison, 85 over; JOnes, 15 over; Langston. 38 over; Magruder, 141 under; Walker, 43 over; Slater, 34 under, and Sumner, 178. under. The new Montgomery School, part-time instruction at Cook, also for colored pupils, eliminated Langston and Morse when it was opened. Morse was discontinued as a school last week. Montgomery now has 700 children, 88 over capacity. Twining, now used entirely as an a$nex to Armstrong, had 40 elementary children there until they moved to Montgomery last week. ■yifczg'-'i Under construction at present is the new Walker-Jones School at Third and K streets N.W., to replace the old Walker and Jones. It should be ready fh April. The school board asked in the 1951 budget for money to convert four classrooms each at Langs ton, Cook and Douglass-Simmons Schools into kindergarten rooms. floor. It is panneled in oak. His office is flanked on each side By the office of a division chief. Two other division offices are similar ly located on the first floor. The exterior of plain ^vhite marble carries out the motif of simplicity which characterizes the whole structure. From the front entrance one looks out of a rear door to glimpse the vista of a patio and fountain and the Interior Department buildings across Virginia avenue. The fea tures of the small front lobby, done in Georgia marble, are a spiral staircase and inscriptions on the side walls. The annex is air conditioned throughout and was planned for comfqft as well as efficiency and the best possible utilization of space. A kitchen and ample dining hall are located on the third floor. The dining hall will serve also as an assembly room when needed. The patio and the fountain in the rear face on Virginia avenue. There the setting is provided for outdoor lounging or entertain ment in warm weather. A small parking area for the automobiles of the staff and occasional visitor^ W. Libras said the building will be occupied by the middle of November. Except for a few fin ishing touches on the floors, the only work remaining is to install the furniture and complete the landscaping. Reclassification Law May Boost Efficiency Of D. C. Government District Budget Officer Walter L. Fowler yesterday hailed the pending Government employes’ re classification legislation as a boon to efficient city administration. The bill, now awaiting signa ture by President Truman, affects nearly 8,000 District employes. Mr. Fowler said it appeared the District Government would be responsible for the classification of its own employes up to the three top GS (general services) grades, 16. 17. and 18. The classi fication now is done by the Civil Service Commission. May Provide Closer Check. The Civil Service Commission would be authorized to approve not more than 75 designations of grade 17 for the whole Govern ment system, and not more than 300 of grade 16. The grade 18 level would have to be approved by the President and there could not be more than 25 of these at any one time. Mr. Fowler said it was hoped the District could get a reason able share of these 400 top Jobs. The budget officer anticipates that the District would have the responsibility for a closer Check on its workers under the new leg islation from the standpoint of efficiency and economy. Would Cover Independent Units. He said this would cover not only the departments actually un dej the administrative control of the Commissioners, but all of the independent boards and agencies. Statutory Jobs — those for which Congress itself fixes the salary — would have to be covered by the classification within six months after the date of enact ment. Mr. Fowler estimated that adopting | the provisions would cost the District about $1,600,000 between the time they go in effect and the end of 1951. He esti mated that from eight to ten addi-i tional employes would be needed This stafT, he said, should be headed by a “top flight individual acquainted with business admin istration.” The budget officer said the new legislation would provide an op portunity for “really enforcing Efficiency and economy” among the District departments. Hay-Filled Barn Burns On Farm Near Rifchiei A hay-fliled barn owned by' ft. H. Ryon, 6706 Ritchie road, Ritchie, Md., was destroyed by 'flre last night. Forestville volunteer firemen Estimated the loss at about $2,000. They said the blaze apparently was caused by spontaneous com bustion. Reaction Hotter On Transit Radio Than on Fares PUC Receives Heavy Volume of Opinions; Hearing Thursday Whether the pros or the cons prevail at Thursday’s public hear ing on transit radio, the Publio Utilities Commission staff has as surance that the issue is a weighty one in the eyes of the Washing ton public. The hearing—on whether radio receivers in buses and streetcars are “consistent with public con venience, comfort and safety”— is scheduled for 10 a.m. in the board room of the District Build ing. » The volume of opinion which is being expressed to the commis sion by mail and telephone indi cates Capital Transit’s introduc tion of radio broadcasts has pro voked more attention than any other issue before the PUC in many years, including rate in creases. Three Seek To Intervene Of the communications reach ing the PUC' offices, 265 deplore transit radio and 107 favor it. But among citizens’ groups which have sent in expressions, seven favor it, including the Federation of Citizens Association and the Northeast Business Men’s As sociation, and three oppose it. Three petitions to intervene— i that is to present testimony and cross examine witnesses — have been filed with the commission. The petitioners are Robert W. Burton, vice president, on behalf of the Burleith Citizens Associa tion; Guy Martin, 3117 Woodley road N.W., and Franklin S. Poliak, 11333 Twenty-seventh street N.W. The petition of the citizens* group notes that it is on record as opposing radio reception in buses and streetcars. The papers term transit radio an imposition on the ' riding public and an invasion of the right of privacy. Transit Franchise Is Cited. “The franchise granted to the Capital Transit Co. is for the pri mary and sole purpose of provid ing transportation for individuals within the limits of its coverage ; from one point to another,” the petition states, “and does not en title the company to procure reve nue from sources sucn as are here in issue.” Whether transit riders will at tend Thursday’s hearing in. as fittge numbers as their Interest would indicate is not known, but one woman informed the PUC she was sending out 1,000 notices the hearing. The commission already has turned down suggestions that if radio music, time signals, weather reports, news and ads are not dis tracting in streetcars and buses, these is no reason why the publio hearing should not be conducted with a background of the same broadcasts. J. I. Bender Elected By Painters Council Jack I. Bender of 5543 Thir tieth place N.W., one of the men who supervised the paint-remov ing job on the White House in 1945, last night was elected president of the Capitol District Coun cil, Painting and Decorating Contractors of America. The election, in which the District deco rator and painter suc ceeded Ffank S. Jones of Richmond, Was Mr- B*nd*r held before a banquet in the Hotel Statler, ending the two-day con vention. Other officers of the council, which is composed of contractors from Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Delaware and Washing ton, are: Hugh Blackwell, Wilmington. Dela.; J. F. Taylor, Wheeling, W. Va.; Frank Jones. Richmond, and John Hazard, Baltimore, vice presidents; James W. Dunbar, 4304 Rhode Island avenue N.W., sergeant-at-arms, and E. W. Kemp, Baltimore, treasurer. Members of dhe executive board elected are Mr. Kemp and Henry Jaffee, 3726 Connecticut avenue N.W. One of more than 30 prizes won in a drawing was a $500 outside*** paint job by Mrs. J. M. Johnson, 730 Upsal street S.E. Mrs. John son's new home in the Hillcrest area is just nearing completion. Cathedral Fund Report Luncheon to Hear Grew Joseph C. Grew, former Ambas sador to Japan, will speak at a report luncheon of the Washing ton Cathedral Fund Campaign Organization at 12:30 p.m. Tues day in Barkley Hall of the YWCA, Seventeenth and K streets NW. Mr. Grew and the Rt. Rev. Angus Dun, bishop of Washington, are co-chairmen of the nation-wide drive. W. & L. Alumni Chapter Elects Harry Breithaupt Harry J. Breithaupt, jr., has succeeded Elwood H. Seal as presi dent of the Washington chapter Of the Alumni of Washington and Lee Universities, it was announced yesterday. , Other newly elected officers are A. D. Trundle, vice president, and Richard T. Wright, secretary and treasurer.