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Austin Indicates U. S.
Won't Press U. N. to Use Force in China ly the Associated Press BUFFALO, N. Y„ Oct. 22.— Warren R. Austin, American rep resentative to the United Nations, Indicated here tonight that the United States will not press for any forceful U. N. action on China. Mr. Austin came here from the U. N. Assembly in New York to speak at a city-wide conference sponsored by the U. N. committee of the Buffalo Council on World Affairs to mark observance of U. N. Week. In a prepared speech, Mr. Aus tin referred to the resolution in troduced in the U. N. Assembly by the Chinese Nationalist gov ernment charging Russia with ^violating her treaty of friendship by aiding the Chinese Reds. ' He said the Assembly would have great difficulty in dealing with the question. May Reaffirm Principles. “We cannot expect that that course of events (in China) will be reversed or halted merely by a pronouncement of the Assembly,” he added. “What might perhaps emerge from the consideration of this case would be a reaffirmation by the United Nations of certain basic principles of the Charter as they apply to China's independence from foreign domination and to the right of China’s people to choose their own political institu tions. Such a statement by the Assembly could have a significant long-term effect in demonstrating to the Chinese people that the United Nations has a vital con cern in their welfare and their destiny.” For the first time, Mr. Austin officially tipped the American hand in the coming Assembly bat tle over the Soviet demand for a five-power peace pact. Thorns in Olive Branch. Mr. Austin said the United States and Britain will propose to the Assembly a resolution to “set forth in clear, unmistakable terms the essentials for peaceful co operation among nations.” He described Russia's proposal as an olive branch bristling "with the poisonous thorns of propa ganda.” “For the first time.” he declared, “the Soviet government has shift ed from leveling accusations at ‘certain circles’ and specific in dividuals and has directly charged that the governments of the United States, the United King dom and those of other unnamed countries are preparing for a new war, encouraging war propaganda, organizing military blocs and pur suing other aggressive aims.” Outlines Assembly Issues. Mr. Austin outlined many of the issues before the current U. N. Assembly and also mentioned many of the questions solved or helped through U. N. intervention. He had a comment on Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky’s news conference of last Tuesday at which Mr. Vishin sky threatened “serious conse quences” if Russian-backed Czechoslovakia was not elected to the Security Council. Mr. Austin said delegates from nations that have free elections could have told Mr. Vishinski that such tactics alienate rather than win votes. Czechoslovakia lost to Yugoslavia. Benjamin Pollack Elected To Head New Congregation Benjamin F. Pollack, 1401 Tuckerman street N.W., was elected president of the newly formed Tifereth Agudath Ohavay Sholom Congregation, it was an nounced yesterday. Other officers elected at a re cent meeting in the Ohev Sholom Synagogue, Fifth and I streets N.W., were Israel Bachrach, first vice president; Harry Lopatin, second vice president; Jack Rief kind, third vice president; Aleck Davidow, recording secretary; Charles Bidman, financial secre tary; Morris Cohen, correspond ing secretary, and Hyman Eck haus, treasurer. The new congregation is a merger of three Washington or thodox Jewish congregations; Tifereth Israel, Ohev Sholom and Agudath Achim. The site lor a proposed synagogue is on Piney Branch road between Thirteenth and Tuckerman streets N.W. “ found. COCKER SPANIEL, male, white spotted with tan, short tail; found on E st. n.e. SH. :i'49. ___ GLASSES, pink Plastic frame, white case, found 42nd and Chesapeake sts. n.w. WO. 2516. LOST. BILLFOLD, ladie's. red leather: People's drugstore, ±455 Conn, ave.; finder please call TA, 2582 Reward, BILLFOLD black, vice. 11th and F or on No 52 streetcar, 14th st. line Friday night. TA. 4736.TlL0_ CAT, male, all white, called "Tommie/' Lost vicinity 634 5th st. > n.e. Reward. LI. 6-1939.___ COCKER, blond, female, lost vie. of American University, Sept. 22. OL. 49.1.1. D ». K. RIBBON and emblems attached. in" Veterans taxicab or vicinity of All States Hotel and McReynolds Apt. House, IStt- st. n.w . Monday evening. Reward. NA. 2483, Ext. KU4. after 7:30 p.m. * dog, tan. medium; called "Scrapper." tag No. 7 on chain collar. Reward. RA 7629. _ —25 EYEGLASSES on Connecticut 5vel bus, Tues. night, name of owner in case; re ward. EM. 3929.33♦ MINK NECKPIECE, 4 skins, initials "E. F. C. ' Zlrkin label; Fri. eve.. October 14. on Farragut st. bet. 'st and Kansas ave. n.w. GE. 7664. PERSIAN LAMB FUR COLLAR, lost 1700 block K st. Reward, ST. 1099 eves. PIN. white goif rhinestone, shape like liliy, between Garfield Hospital and Conn, ave. Reward. Call EM. 5430. —23 POLICE BADGE, number 749, if found, call HO. 5881. _—25 WATCH man's, white gold. Elgin, pocket watch, engraved "H. J. S. D." chain and knife about Oct. 14. Liberal reward. RE. 1820.. Ext. 3697 or eves. OV. 1988, —25 WATCH CHAIN, man's dbl., gold bird pendant attached. MI. 6945. WALLET, black and red. containing money and papers, also immigration card which is urgently needed. Reward. DO. 6168. —25 WIRE-HAIRED TERRIER7 2 yrs. old. black back, brown head, answers to "Toby"; Seminary rd.. vie Fairfax Co. Reward. AL, 6446.___ —24 I PLACE SETTING SILVERWARE: Paint ed antione by Reed h Barton. Please notify Dieticians Office. JO 2-4000 or R. Harrl« & CO. Reward. MRS PROOD. DI. 0916. 24* Shetland Sheep Dog Yellow and white female, reward. Return MR. FISC EL Railway Express Agency. NA. 1200. Exl- 125, _—23 WILL PERSON who found my black cocker •paniel please contact me; reward. JAY MARTIN. AT.*6837. - 'limil'wniiiiiiiiiii mu nmw'iimiiiiiiM ..mu ......... AIR FORCE’S FIRST JET PROPELLED FIGHTER-BOMBER— This heavily armed F-84E Thunderjet, a high-speed long range fighter, has become the Air Force’s first jet propelled fighter ( nwwvi^ ... .- .......... . ............ ... ..... m bomber by reason of its versatility. It is equipped with 32 five inch high velocity aircraft rockets and has six M-3 50-caliber machine guns as fixed equipment. —AP Wirephoto from Department of Defense. Hickenlooper Renews Charge Against AEC In Replying to Urey By the Associated Press A fresh dispute between Sena tors and scientists over atomic secrecy broke out yesterday as Senator Hickenlooper (Republican of Iowa), renewed his charge of “incredible mismanagement” against the Atomic Energy Com mission. Senator Hickenlooper and two I other Senators sharply disagreed jwith Dr. Harold C. Urey, Nobel prize winning scientist, that Russia is gaining on the United States in atomic developments be cause this country is over doing security restrictions. Dr Urey, honored for his work on the heavy water process used in atomic production, said at a news conference Friday that Russia is making faster progress than the United States in the atomic field and soon may be ahead of us. Says Claim Can’t Be Backed. Senator Hickenlooper, ranking Republican member of the Sen ate-House Atomic Committee, said Dr Urey’s contention that security regulations are partly to blame simply cannot be supported.' “Dr. Urey says that Russia may outstrip us, but Russia has the most air-tight security and se crecy ever devised by any nation in the world,’’ said Senator Hick enlooper. “This, of course, dis proves the idea that our own se curity measures have weakened our program.” Tyo other members of the Con gressional Atomic Committee, Senators Millikin, Republican, of Colorado, and Edwin C. Johnson, Democrat, of Colorado, also said in separate interviews that any lag in this country’s atomic program cannot be attributed to overem phasis on secrecy measures. Senator Millikin called Dr. Urey’s statement "fallacious on the face of ih” saying Russia main tains much more severe secrecy than the United States. Hickenlooper Repeats Charge. Dr. Urey said the United States program “is inefficient at present because it is frustrated by a mis taken desire on the part of Con gress and the public to protect-us against the loss of ‘the secret’.” He added it "is time that we stop witch hunting about the ‘se cret’ which obviously does not exist.” He declared atomic scien tists have left their work “in utter disgust.” The statements were made in a recent issue of the Bulletin of U.N. fContinued From First Page.) charge that trials cited by the ac cusers were held to stamp out fascism and platters against the governments. Commissions Provided For. The resolution also provides for setting up United Nations com missions to administer the treaty provisions, if the court rules fa vorably on the first two questions. Several countries opposed the last procedure and the resolution was broken down into four parts for separate votes. But "the in tent of the resolution in its final form, and the stand of the great majority of the Assembly were unmistakable. Reports of recent mass arrest:, in Czechoslovakia crept into the debates, which grew highly per sonal especially between Mr. Vishinsky and Britain’s Sir Hart ley Shawcross. There was no in dication, however, of any concert ed move now to cite Czechoslo vakia as a violator of the U. N. charter provisions. Eritrea-Ethopia Union Urged. Elsewhere in the United Na tions, a compromise proposal to federate Eritrea with Ethiopia was being studied in a last-minute at tempt to save the entire question of disposing of Italy’s prewar Afri The northern lights have been measured at least 600 miles above the earth’s surface. CLERICAL EXAM. This may be your last chance to take a CLERICAL Exam, for many years — START NOW — PREPARE to make an EXCEL LENT GRADE . . . YOU CAN— if you study and work. NEW CLASS STARTS TUES., OCT. 25—$15 4 Weeks, from Oct. 25, 6-8 P.M. Tuesday and Thursday Evenings, until exam, is announced, then 3-4 nights week—ALL subjects thoroughly covered . . . ARITH METIC, General Tests, Alpha betizing, Spelling, English, etc. New lessons constantly added to include latest information. 32 years' experience. Clerical classes on 3 of our 5 floors. A REGISTER EARLY to assure accommodavt* BOYD SCHOOL Civil Service SpecisUiU <NA. 9340) 700 12th Cor. G can colonies from toeing aban doned at this session. With decisions on Libya and Somaliland generally agreed on in a subcommittee after a month of work, delegates feared the whole program would fail unless Eritrea's disposition was solved. Some South American countries favored independence for Eritrea. During an afternoon meeting of the subcommittee, Britain offered to withdraw from Eritrea within six months if the compromise is accepted. Britain would hand over the area to Ethiopian administra tion when the British pulled out Advocates of the compromise will attempt during the week end to iron out some difficulties. Rules Changes Approved. The assembly ended a day of long plenary sessions by appiov ing Legal Committee changes in rules to cut down the number and length of Assembly speeches. Latin American countries and the Slav block attacked numerous changes as restricting the right to free speech, curbing minorities and sacrificing principles in a speed-up effort. But Britain’s Sir Alexander Cadogan pointed out that there would be no curbs on the length of explanations in the main com mittees, where all 59 nations are represented. Vatican Reports Priest Murdered in Romania VATICAN CITY, Oct. 22 <VP>.— Vatican sources said today word had been received that a parish priest was slain in Romania and his body hung for three days at the door of the parish house as a warning to “rebels.” The report received here, the informants declared, said the | priest was slain in his home after having been accused of fomenting rebellion among his parishioners and urging the peas ants not to turn over their pro duce to the Communist author ities. Actor Craig Reynolds Dies of Crash Injures By the Associated Press HOLLYWOOD, Oct. 22. — Har old Hugh Enfield, better known as Film Actor Craig Reynolds. 42, died today of injuries suffered in a traffic accident Monday. In motion pictures since 1934, Mr. Reynolds had few reles in re cent years. As Enfield, he had been driving a taxicab for two years. 'Preventive Arrests' Restricted by Greece By the Associated Press ATHENS, Oct. 23—Public Order Minister Constantine Rentis to night ordered the end of all “pre ventive arrests” and deportation of persons, except those considered dangerous. Mr. Rentis said that with the civil war against Communist guerrillas virtually over, restrictive measures should be relaxed. He also ordered police to re-examine all deportation cases to determine whether each detention is justified under present conditions. Atomic Scientists and to reporters at Philadelphia Friday. Senator Hickenlooper told news men that ‘‘as the truth begins to unfold. I am sure the American people will realize that the term ‘incredible mismanagement’ ap plies more and more every day.” After lengthy hearings on Sen ator Hickenlooper’s charges, the Atomic Committee recently issued a majority report holding that the charges were not proven, but mildly criticizing certain phrases of the commission’s work. The vote on the report was 10 to 6 and was on straight party lines—the Democrats for it and the Republicans against. Senator Hickenlooper said a minority re port probably will be issued early this week. He said Dr. Urey's statement about “inefficiency” and "frustra tion” within the atomic program had pointed up the necessity for the investigation which the con gressional committee conducted, “Dr. Urey has repeat^fjly cirti cized my investigation,” he said, “and therefore it is most inter esting to note that he finally comes out and verifies the neces sity for greater efficiency.” 'Y' Luncheon to Honor Dr. Tracy Strong Dr. Tracy Strong, general secre tary of the YMCA World's Com mittee, will be honored at a 12:15 luncheon tomorrow at the Central Branch of the YMCA, 1736 C street N.W. Dr. Strong helped organize world conferences for the organi zation at Helsingfors, Cleveland, Toronto and Edinburgh. During World War II, he headed war prisoners aid work of the group under auspices of the YMCA World's Committee, with activi ties in 16 countries among millions of prisoners of war and internees. Because of his efforts on behalf of their prisoners, Poland, Bel gium and France have awarded him decorations. A first prize for singing at Clif ton College. England, was won by M. B. Nightingale. Law to Help Collect Taxes on Mail Ordti Cigarettes Challeng-J By th* Associated Press HUNTINGTON, W. Va., Oct. 22. —A large tobacco distributing firm today challenged a four-day-old Federal law designed to help States collect retail taxes on mail order cigarettes. The American Sales Agency here sent out telegrams to its branch offices in three other cities, in structing them to ignore the new act compelling such companies to turn over names of buyers to the various State tax departments. Nicholas J. Tweel, president, said the firm plans to test the constitutionality of the act, signed into law Wednesday by President Truman. Mr. Tweel said the company’s at torneys, Selden McNeer and for- ] mer Judge Thurman Arnold of the United States Circuit Court of Ap peals, advised him that the "act is probably un-Constitutional” and to "continue business as usual.” The law provides a penalty of $1,000 fine or six months in jail or both. The telegrams sent to branch offices at Hannibal, Mo.; Alexan dria, Va., and Asheville, N. C., ad vised managers to "welcome orders from customers with the assuran:e that their names and orders will not be revealed to any source.” Mr. Tweel estimated that less than one per cent of the cigarettes i consumed in the Nation are bought I by mail. WHY NOT? It costs no more to park at the Capital Garage New York Avenue between 13th end '4th W ell-Made AUTO SEAT COVERS ... of fine woven Saran plas tics; excellent selection of patterns and colors. Now *29.50 for “Less” * Lessin’s AUTO SEAT COVER CO., INC. pU 2796 _ 1809 14th St. N.W. $9.'7S—not for examination alone I9.7S—not for the lensei alone |9.7S—not for framei alone-/ Patented Frames Slightly Higher ftifocals, S3.00 additional NIHMEVEHTYflYE -—_ yry OPEN DAILY 932 F St. N.W., 2nd Floor -- MotroooMtao Unlit BaIMkw Mwnffilt'rit'nn'rSn Motown tiimi—1031 l«tk atroot K.W iota a * i.w We feature washable DUPONT TONTINE - .• ... I Complete price range 1 Terms up to 18 months ' Brittg-ici orders ready same day i * #m*» REpublic 6262 • • * ." • ...... Sf . . . . . .... . • - y • ...... X .'. THE SHADE 830 1 Stir St. N.W. 4 \\}, the windows of WathingiQn,, j Services Tomorrow For John S. Eaton Funeral services for John S. Eaton. 66, locomotive engineer with the Pennsylvania Railroad for the last 48 years who died Friday at St. John’s Hospital, Long Island City, N. Y„ will be held at 2 p.m. tomorrow at Lee’s Funeral Home, Fourth street and Massa chusetts avenue N.E. Burial will be in Cedar Hill Cemetery. Mr. Eaton, who lived at 120 Seventh street S.E., became ill two I weeks ago while on duty in Penn sylvania Station, New York, and was in a coma until his death. Born i i Freeland, Md., Mr. Eaton had lived in the District for the past 40 years. He was a member of Potomac Lodge No. 7 of the Brotherhood) of Locomotive Firemen and En-1 and Division 160, Brother hood of Locomotive Engineers. He was an active member of the Ep worth. Methodist Church, Thir teenth street and North Carolina avenue N.E. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Edna S. Eaton, and three daughters, Mrs. J. A. Kelley, jr„ 1011 Mase.'chueet.; avenue N.E.; i Mrs. C. M. Sutton, jr„ 629 A street N.E.; Miss Lillian J. Eaton of the Seventh street address, and a sis- j ter. Miss Jennie J. Eaton of Rail road, Pa. 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