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WASH I NOTON, D. C. Published by The Evening Star Newspaper Company. SAMUEL H. KAUFFMANN, President. B. M. McKELWAY, Editor. MAIN OFFICE: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Ave. NEW YORK OFFICE: 110 East 42d St. CHICAGO OFFICE: 435 North Michigan Ave. Delivered by Carrier—Metropolitan Area. Daily and SunJay Daily Only Sunday Only Monthly __1.20* Monthly _90c 10c per copy Weekly __ 30c Weekly - - 20c 10c per copy *10c additional when 5 Sundays are in a month. Also 10c additional for Night Final Edition in those sections where delivery is made. Bates by Mail—Payable in Advance. Anywhere In United States. Evening and Sunday Evening Sunday 1 month — 1.50 1 month 90c 1 month.. 60c 6 months __ 7.50 6 months __ 5.00 6 months 3.00 1 year -15.00 1 year _10.00 1 year 6.00 Telephone STerling 5000. Entered at the Post Office, Washington, D. C., as second-class mail matter. Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper, os well as all A. P. news dispatches. A—10 ** TUESDAY, October 25, 1949 j Faith, Hope and the U. N. At the cornerstone ceremonies of the United Nations in New York, President Truman went to the heart of the matter in declaring that this event in the young and embattled life of the U. N. should be looked upon as an act of faith in the ability of mankind to surmount today’s bitter differences and build an enduring struc ture of world peace. The requisites to that end, in the President’s words, are respect for human rights, the promotion of economic develop ment in backward areas, and a system for the control of weapons, particularly atomic weapons. This is an obvious thing to say, but because of its very obviousness, it tends to become indistinct in the essentially subordinate multiplicity of is sues that bedevil the world only because the requisites are still missing. So it is good that the President has re stated the obvious. If there were universal human rights, if the economies of back ward areas were healthy and M there were real control of armaments, the world would have no great difficulty in establish ing collective security and a decent and lasting peace. As far as the U. N. is con cerned, it is the only instrument existing to attain the three requisites and thus fulfill the hope of peoples everywhere for a better life. That is why continuing faith in the organization is a thing of prime importance; disbelief in it, cynicism or defeatism in it, could be fatal. But it is not enough simply to believe. As the President has said, in the familiar phrase, “faith without works is dead.” More is needed than the mere indorse ment of human rights, economic progress and disarmament. Concrete action must be taken, step by step, year by year, to. translate them into reality. The present stalemate cannot continue indefinitely. Sooner or later, it must end. Otherwise, the U. N. and all the hope it represents will wither away. Speaking for the United States, the President has expressed confidence that the stalemate will be broken,, if the na tions “keep everlastingly working” at the task of hammering out agreements. Right now such confidence may seem to be little more than whistling in the teeth of the wind. Still, faith is said to be a force that can move mountains. As long as the U. N. holds together and Russia and the West ern Powers continue to make serious use of it, there will be good reason to believe in it and hope for the best. Developing Africa It is generally believed that the develop ment of Africa offers a solution to the economic difficulties of Western Europe, bereft of its former world primacy in trade and threatened with the loss of Asiatic markets and sources of raw materials. Africa’s importance to Europe had begun to be realized even before the late war, but the disastrous consequences of that struggle have sharpened that realization. Accordingly, the European powers which control the greater part of Africa are busy with plans for its economic trans formation. This applies especially to tropical Africa, which at present is the least developed and the richest in natural resources. Four nations control virtually all of this vast region, extending from the southern fringe of the Sahara desert to the con tinent’s temperate southern tip, already fairly well developed and with a govern ment of its own—the South African Union. Britain has the proverbial lion’s share of tropical Africa, though France and Belgium do not come far behind. Portugal, despite Its considerable holdings, has as yet done or effectively planned little in this develop mental process. ^ As might have been expected from "Its postwar problems of foreign trade and' raw material needs, Britain has gone the farthest in developmental planning. Im mediately after the war, the British gov ernment set up an organization called the Colonial Development Corporation, which, though covering the whole of Britain’s remaining colonial possessions throughout the world, made British tropical Africa Its major field of endeavor. Other agencies such as the Overseas Food Corporation, plus grants, public loans and private in vestment yield the enormous sum of 620,000,000 sterling provided for develop mental projects, mostly in Africa, during the next decade. These projects range from basic improvements, such as com munications and sanitation, to govern ment-subsidized developments, largely agricultural, and ventures financed by private capital. Although notable beginnings have been made, the results thus far have not been as rapid or as remunerative as had been hoped. The sheer immensity of the prob lem is one factor often overlooked. Britain’s dependent territories in Africa cover 2,000,000 square miles, divided into many segments and with a total popu lation of 60,000,000, mostly uneducated and unskilled, and mainly on a primitive level. For the co-ordinated development of this vast total, far more than the sums already earmarked is .needed. With impoverished postwar Britain’s financial limitations, careful allocation is required. And thus far, American private capital has not dis played enthusiasm to enter the picture in a big'way, at least at this preliminary stage. It is becoming obvious that much more time must elapse than had been anticipated before British Tropical Africa can become a major factor in supplying Britain’s raw material, needs or affording commensurate markets for its exports and fields for remunerative private investment. The same is even truer of France and Belgium. French developmental plans for Its possessions in tropical Africa are still mostly in the blueprint stage. Belgium has got a bit further in its plan for a balanced development of the Congo, and is now discussing participating with big American financial interests. But roseate estimates made by all the powers con cerned right after the war are seen to have been influenced by wishful thinking under the spur of necessity. The basic concept of an economically transformed Africa appears sound. The time element, however, should not be neglected in all such calculations. Dr. Urey's Warning As a Nobel Prize winner, as one of the world’s outstanding nuclear scientists, and as an American who has played a key role in the development of the atomic bomb, Dr. Harold C. Urey of the University of Chicago is a man whose words command respect. Accordingly, the country should listen to him when he warns that unless we do away with excessive secrecy, Russia may soon overtake and outstrip us in the field of A-weapons. At first glance, Dr. Urey’s logic may seem to be self-contradictory. Thus, Soviet atomic secrecy is infinitely greater than ours, and if ours is retarding us, then why should not theirs retard the Russians even more? But sauce for the goose in this instance is not necessarily sauce for the gander. Two vastly different modes of life are involved, and a security system that works one way over here (where habits of thought and action are geared to the free interchange of ideas) may conceivably work the opposite way over there. After all, the U. S. S. R. is a totalitarian police state, and it is in a position — as our own country is not — to offset the disadvan tages of secretiveness by resorting to an all-out concentration of resources and a complete and ruthless regimentation of Scientists in order to give top priority to its production of A-weapons. Actually, although probably less inclined than he to abolish most of the present restrictions, many authorities share Dr. Urey’s view that the United States could speed up its progress in nuclear arma ments by releasing much of the informa tion now being kept under wraps. Months ago, for example, the Atomic Energy Com mission’s Industrial Advisory Group — made up of non-governmental experts— spoke out vigorously against the danger of letting an exaggerated sense of security prevent free American enterprise from learning enough to help in the military and non-military development of the atom. The danger is real. It is real grfiough to warrant a special study by the AEC and Senator McMahon’s joint congressional committee to see whether it might not be possible, with safety, to relax the law in a wa"y designed to bring more minds’ into play on the problem and encourage a greater participation by private indus try. Moreover, even though he may be over stating the case in declaring that “witch hunts” and too much secrecy have dis couraged many top scientists from work ing on our atomic project (probably a more important factor is the pay differen tial between Government and private en terprise), Dr. Urey’s warning serves as a timely blast against complacency. Al though we have the lead now, we can lose it, and we can lqse it relatively soon, unless we do everything necessary to maintain it. That we are in no position to drag our feet is indicated by the peculiarly cryptic and urgent remarks made by . Senators McMahon, Hickenlooper and Millikin just before adjournment during a successful plea to give the AEC more freedom of ac tion in certain “technical” construction. The truth is that there is no reason for American cocksureness; in terms of both personnel and facilities, we need to remain wideawake and up-to-the-minute to keep ahead in the A-weapon race. Of course, as President Truman has just told the United Nations, the world, instead of engaging in that race, should promptly establish an effective system of atomic control. At the moment, however, nothing could seem more unlikely than that such a system will be set up in the next two or three years — the period in which Russia can move ahead of us with A weapons unless we exert ourselves. Warn ings like Dr. Urey’s — even if challenge able in some respects — are therefore de cidedly to the point. We simply cannot afford to lose our present supremacy. Any thing threatening it — whether excessive secrecy, “witch hunts,” too little private industrial participation, inadequate pay for experts, or deficient facilities — should be dealt with firmly and without delay. Hebrew Scrolls The exhibition of ancient Hebrew scrolls now current at the Library of Congress already has attracted the attention of many people. One need not be a believer in the Judaic-Christian conception of the pur pose of human existence in order to appreciate these documentary treasures. They prove how men of more than two thousand years ago thought and felt about themselves, their relation to their fellows and to the world about them. Beyond that they indicate most particularly their atti tude toward the Source of their being, the Creator of all things. They demonstrate the maturity of civilization in the Mediter ranean basin at a date when practically all the rest of the planet was a wilderness. A like observation of course might be made with respect to documentations of Chinese, East Indian or American Indian cultures. What matters is that to produce any such expression of advanced idealism as that set forth in the aighteenth verse of the fourth chapter of St. Luke it was necessary that ordinary folk should ac cumulate experience, know sorrow and grief, develop a sense of mercy and mutual helpfulness. Otherwise the words referred to would be mere gibberish. Isaiah ob viously had an audience of people com petent to understand, him, if not actually to follow his leadership. Perhaps the scroll of the great "prophet * of faith” now on exhibition at the Library is not truly the one delivered to Christ in the synagogue at Nazareth. It is possible that He never held it in His hands, never read from it the beautiful words begin ning: “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me.” Even so the document is a fragment of the past which should be seen by all who appreciate the continuity of human his tory. It would be important if it repre sented the conceptions of a teacher much more modern, much more recent than the son of Amoz. Virginia Prisoners There is considerable nonsense, and perhaps some truth, in the charges made by a California legislator against Virginia’s penal system. The Californian, Vernon Kilpatrick, did not visit any of the State road camps, in which one would expect to find the worst conditions. Instead, he visited a few of the best of Virginia’s penal institutions, in which he found much to praise, and then apparently was content to rest his verbal blast on what he had been told by others. It should be remembered that Mr. Kilpatrick is intervening in behalf of one of his California constituents, who is a fugitive from a Virginia road camp, and it is a fair inference that his comments are colored by his special interest in that case. At any rate, it is nonsense to complain of armed guards, tear gas guns and solitary confinement for unruly prisoners. These devices may be offensive to Mr. Kilpatrick, but they are necessary to the operation or a penal system. Another of Mr. Kilpatrick’s charges was that “a thousand men lie wrapped nightly in chains about your- State.” This is not true of any of the institutions visited by the Californian. If it is true at all, it is true of the road camps, which, for some reason, he did not visit. Last July, the director of Virginia’s Department of Welfare and Corrections announced that definite plans had been made to build three permanent road camps, and that this was the first step toward replacing all of the temporary structures. This meant that the “bull chain”—a chain running through the temporary structures to which prisoners are shackled at night— was on its way out. Certainly the bull chain and similar devices ought to go. Without regard to Mr. Kilpatrick’s quest for headlines, the Virginia Legislature, or some other competent authority, ought to make certain that every reasonable effort is being exerted to this end. The old romance between~~politics and a bipartisan foreign policy enters a twilight stage. There are no hard feelings, but each must live its own life. This and That By Charles E. Tracewell It was a sort of summer day in October when the white-throated sparrow flew in. Usually he finds It cold enough to suit him. But if he were dissatisfied, he gave no indication of it. He flew into the rhododendrons below the dining room windows. Did we say below? r over the windows would be better. The years cause plants to grow and men to draw into their shells like turtles. One becomes afraid to prune plants and shrubs the way they ought to be pruned, with the result that windows become dark ened. This overgrowth of shrubs is one of the sadder traits of civilization. Maybe old Mussolini—remember him?—was thinking of nothing more nor less than overgrown shrubbery when he told so glowingly of the glories of war. Peace hath its victories no less than war but surely overgrown shrubbery is not one of. them. Countless homeowners need to be stirred out of their easy chairs and their inertia. They should take to saw and pruning knife, and ruthlessly hack down, saw and pierce the various shrubs until they are in more civilized condition. Not that the birds care. The wilder, the larger, the leggier shrub bery and all foundation plantings are, the more the little birds like them. The birds, including the white-throated sparrow, fly in, and make themselves at home. For them no worries as to whether a natural, thing is overgrown or not. If they could think and talk as we do, no doubt they would say, "Why. do you call this overgrown? I call it delightful, tweet-tweet, tweet.” Thus we have a variation of another old saying, that what is one man’s meat is another’s poison; what is a human’s des pair, is a bird’s delight. It is thus that a bit of over-ripeness in the home ground plantings is not bad, if we think of the birds and the other wild things. Old Man Rabbit, he of the brown fur and cotton tail, leaps across the yard, and finds it more to his liking if the grass is tall and the shrubbery thick. Old Man Squirrel, pest in England, fel low traveler on the way here, springs at one bound into the midst of “he bird feed ing station, as light as a bird himself and twice as hungry. Old Man Possum heaves in, at midnight, to catch a bit of suet from the suet holder, and happy is he if he is able to outwit Malty, the cat. Malty, the cat, neat as a prince in his blue-gray suit, thinks nothing amiss if he can find plenty of bushes to hide in from Toady, the airdale. Toady is a pest, as far as Malty is con cerned. And the same to Tar Baby, black cocker spaniel, and another long-legged pooch up the street whose name Malty does npt know. i i k ik All the things you are may be summed up in shrubbery, but every one’s interpre tation of the evidence may differ. That, of course, is what makes life in teresting, and also accounts for all the disputes and the 50-50 split in opinion on most topics. Oh, for the good old days, when practi cally all men of good will agreed on most things. Or did they? Maybe some of them were just too afraid to say what they thought? What and who are they afraid of now? • Or did they think then? Or do they think now? Life is all such a puzzle. One longs, at times, to be just a white throated sparrow, flying in at ease into an overgrown mass of rhododendrons, and snapping up a piece of food found there at no trouble br expense. That way madness lies—for a human being? Probably. Probably. Ours to do or die, to hew close to the line of the edu cated man (or educated fool) to the end of time, and the devil take the iiindmost. Today the devil’s name is Uncle Joe, yes terday it was Adolf, and once it was Na poleon. What will tomorrow’s devil’s name be? Letters to The Star Believes Complaint About Lack Of Route Markers Unjustified To the Editor of The Star: “An Unhappy Traveler,” in a letter pub lished in The Star on October 20, complains of the absence of route markers to guide visitors in Washington. It would be inter esting to learn just where he entered the city and how be could have become so con fused. Just a little more than a year ago, the city’s old route markers were replaced with new, larger route markers, all of them re flectorized to make them more visible at night. They not only designate clearly the numbers of all .Federal routes, but supple mentary markers indicate the direction of the routes—north-bound, south-bound, etc. At the same time, nearly four times as many as before were installed. Since then, scores of letters have been received from both or ganizations and individuals, all of them com mending the ease with which our visitors are directed over" our streets and avenues and around our circles and squares. In fact. Unhappy Traveler’s complaint is the only one we’ve seen. In the thought that there may have been a slip-up somewhere, we would be glad to correct it, if more light could be shed upon the cause of our visitor’s unhappy plight. GEO. E. KENEIPP. Director of Vehicles and Traffic. Says Arnold Lines Seek Increase In Fare Not Justified By Wage Boosts To the Editor of The 8tar: The Washington. Virginia and Maryland Coach Co. (Arnold Lines) has applied to the Interstate Commerce Commission and the Virginia State Corporation Commission for a general 5-cent fare increase, effective October 24. .The company has let it be known that the fare increase is needed to pay an arbitration board’s award of higher wages to drivers and mechanics. Bus riders are entitled to know that the wage award (which the company has so far failed to put into effect) will cost the com pany $165,000 a year—by the company’s own estimate. The fare increase will cost the public about $400,000 a year, or 2.4 times the wage award—again by the company’s own estimate. The Arlington Civic Federation estimates the fare increase at $587,000, or 3.5 times the wage award. (These figures are taken from the letter of S. Harrison Kahn, counsel for the company, dated October 17, replying to protests filed by the Arlington Civic Federa tion, the Arlington County Board and the City of Falls Church; and Mr. Kahn’s letter of October 18, replying to the protest of the Progressive Party of Northern Virginia— both letters being filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission.) Mr. Kahn’s letter of October 17 further indicates that company profits so far in 1949 have been running at a rate of $45,000 a year, on a net profit basis. If “net” means “after taxes,” as the public understands the word, it may be presumed that profits before taxes are running in excess of $70,000 a year. The wage award which the company says will “completely offset” profits would come out of profits before taxes, and part of its cost would be absorbed by Federal and State governments in reduced taxes. The Kahn letters completely fail to answer the charge of the Arlington County Public Utility Commission that the company’s financial troubles reflect poor management and that the company never has been re quired to demonstrate that bad management has been eliminated. It does not appear that the company is playing fair with its employes or the public. Rather, it appears that the company wants the public to rescue it from the results of its own mismanagement, using the wage award as a pretext “for a fare increase which injuri ously affects the public interest. BRUCE WAXBUR. Is Willing for America to Help the World , By Advising Control of Population Increase To the Editor of The Star: If America should undertake the job of seeing to it that everybody in the world has plenty of food, as your columnist, Thomas L. Stokes, seems to think she should, much of the evidence indicates that she would be assuming a task that will prove to be a never-ending round of headaches—unless, of course, something is done to check the world’s rapid population growth. According to students of population, if India’s death rate were lowered to that of America’s, and plenty of food would greatly help to do this lowering, she alone could and, under her present ideas of propagation, would increase the world’s population by some 11,000,000,000 within the next 100 years. And there is no reason to believe that the world’s other more than 2,000,000, 000 people, if assured plenty of food, would not multiply proportionately. The**fact is: If India, China and some others of the heavily populated Asiatic countries had had plenty of food during the past 50 or 75 years, there now would be so many people in Asia that they hardly could move without stepping on one another. The lack of food has been the main thing that has held down the populations of many Asiatic countries, and the fact that thou sands upon thousands of people starve to death in those countries annually is irre futable evidence that this is true. If America should desire to assume leader ship in helping - to solve the world’s food problem, the evidence indicates that her best approach would be to tell the heavily populated nations that she will do her best to help them over their present emergencies, but that they, in the meantime, must do something to bring their populations down to a point where those populations can be fed from their own lands. J. J. SPERRY. Senator Langer Was Not First To Sit While Addressing Senate To the Editor of The Star: The press faithfully reported that Sena tor Langer was seated In the Senate while addressing that body. The press comment was that ^ precedent was set. It would appear that the reporters have forgotten their history. While it may have been a precedent for the Senate, certainly it was not a precedent fqr Congress. Let’s go back a bit: Alexander H. Stephens, you will recall, was elected Vice President of the Confederacy soipewhat against his will. In January, 1866, he was elected to the United States Senate but was prevented from taking his seat along with others from the “rebel” States. In 1872, although re duced by rheumatism to crutches and a wheel chair, he was elected to Congress. I have heard it stated that he was brought to the floor of Congress in his bed, but while I do not know this to be a fact I do know that history records that he was wheeled* to the floor of Congress and while in his chair he made one of the most brilliant and inspired speeches ever made before that body* 1 RAYMOND O. MARX. Speaking of Court Martials, He Wants Vaughan Disciplined, Too To the Editor of The Star: Oen. Carl Spaatz in an article in News week, October 17, says: “The naval officers have defied not only the Secretary of tne Navy but their Commander in Chief and Congress, whose laws governing the armed services are made in the name of the whole people. They must, of course, be disciplined.” May I laugh out loud at all this, and be concerned at the same time, for only a few days ago. I read of a general who said he is responsible to two people, his wife and the . -m A Letters for publication must bear the signature and address of the writer, although it is permissible for a writer known to The Star to use a nom de plume. Please be brief. President, and to add insult to his mili tary superiors and the American public, who tolerate him, continued: “and the rest can -” using I suppose some expression with which most people are familar. To top it off, the people whom he was addressing ap plauded loudly. Doesn’t he too, defy not only the Secre tary of War, the Army Chief of Staff and Congress, “whose laws governing the armed forces are made in the name of the whole people?” What has Gen. Spaatz to say about dis ciplinary action for Gen. Vaughan, whose offense is much graver than Crommelin’s? Are we, the American public, to understand that his speech and actions are conducive to military discipline? He should be subjected to court martial, as is recommended for others who are fighting for a cause. DISGUSTED. No Difference Seen Between Lotteries and Race Gambling To the Editor of The Star: A writer in your columns recently ex pressed agreement with the advice given by a judge to the present Prince Georges County grand jury on legalization of lot teries. While his honor compared the lotteries to larceny, he made no mention of eliminating the greatest gambling game of all—horse racing. The court recently decided it was perfectly proper for special news agencies to disseminate racing news to gamblers. Is there any inconsistency in these views? The fact is grand juries are archaic, and a useless instrumentality for obtaining justice in State courts. The grand jury enables prosecutors to evade their responsibilities and the judiciary to use the jury to the detriment of the public. It is just as proper to raise funds for the schools by a lottery as it is to obtain the funds by horseracing. If a new source of raising funds is not found, it will be neces sary to cut the expenses for the schools. The homeowners of Prince Georges County now bear an unjust burden of taxes. H. L. All Dwarf Cattle Not Mythical, According to Eye Witness of Several To the Editor of The Star: The myth of the “dwarfed” Hereford cattle out In North Dakota has now. been satisfac torily exploded. But the idea of freakish wildlife domiciled in lost canyons somewhere in the United States is not too fantastic for a little further consideration. About three years ago, in Spokane, Wash ington, I spent an hour in fascinated study of three dwarfed broomtails (wild cayuses, or Indian ponies to you) that stood 26 inches to 32 inches high, and weighed between 150 and 200 pounds each. They were leanly built, with shaggy coats of a nondescript brown color, and with long bushy manes and tails. They were nervous and jumpy, as recently captured broomtails, of which I have seen many, always are. I’ve mislaid the descriptive pamphlet and have forgotten the name of the owner of these pygmy horses. But I remember the over-all facts. The owner claimed that the broomtails were part of a large band found in an isolated and sealed-in canyon, devoid of any regular water supply, and supporting only sparse growths of cacti (always a source of water supply on the desert) and sagebrush. This canyon was said to be located in the rugged and almost unexplored badlands which cover hundreds of square miles in the area where the States of Arizona, New Mexico and Utah meet. This gentleman was able to rope only three of them because of their wildness and the fact that he had let himself into the canyon by rope, and was therefore afoot. The three displayed animals were un questionably mature adults, two mares and a stallion. They were hoisted out of the canyon by block and tackle, according to the owner, who substantiated this claim with photographs of the operation. The gentleman stated that he would return to the secret canyon the next year, better equipped to capture other specimens, but I have heard nothing further. . RUSSELL A. BANKSON Alfred Zivers Used Rented Violin As Substitute for One Burned in Russia To the Editor of The Star: Alice Eversman, in her writeup of Alfred Zivers’ recent violin recital at Pierce Hall, commented upon the type of violin used. I wonder whether she knows that Mr. Zivers, a Latvian, lost his own beautiful in strument as he fled from Riga. It was burned by the Russians. In order to have one suitable for his con cert, he went to Philadelphia to rent the very expensive one he used here. An experience such as his might well ac count for what the critic calls “a lack of sufficient nervous control.” RUTH E. DeGROOT. Horse Cars Were Slower But There Was Plenty to See To the Editor of The Star: In re “The City’s Oldest Transit Rider," most of us seem to have forgotten the old one-horse cars, “The Upper Line,” that came into old Georgetown via P street from Dupont Circle to Thirty-fifth street, then south on Thirty-fifth street to O street, where they remained for eight minutes to take on passengers, then east on O street and Dumbarton avenue to Twenty-eighth street, then north to O street again, then east td Dupont Circle and into Washington .via Connecticut avenue, H street, etc. These were small one-horse cars that car ried no conductors. You got your ticket or change in envelopes through a slide in the driver’s door, then you deposited your fare in a glass box, the driver turned a lever and your fare dropped into a locked box which was opened by a collector at the bam on P street, just west of the P street bridge over Rock Creek Park. Here a fresh horse was attached to the car and the one that had made the trip was put up for a rest. One of the points of interest on this trip was a fence made of old gun barrels along a home on the Southeast comer of Twenty eighth and P streets. I think Admiral Nich olson built this fence of old condemned urifle barrels soon after the Civil War. It still stands today. Many day-students who attended Old Georgetown College and the Academy of Visitation used this route to and from their classes. I do hope many of them are on the top side of this good old world of ours. W. SEYMOUR McLEAN. Remembers When Bucky Harris Had Winning Team To the Editor of The Star: I would just like to ask I. J. why he didn’t sign his full name to his denunciation of Bucky Harris’ return? I wonder where he was in 1947 when the Yankees, behind Har ris, won the championship; or this past sea son, when, he lifted the San Diego club from seventh to fourth place. No, I’m not saying that the 1950 Nats will win the pennant with Bucky back, but, with any help from Griff, I do believe they will be an improved club, one the true fans will be loyal to. . ANN DEGAST. The Political Mill Lehman Finding Questions By Dulles Embarrassing G. O. P. Senator Conducting Effective Campaign Against Ex-Governor By Gould Lincoln Senator John Foster Dulles, seeking to retain his Senate seat at the November elec tions, has developed a technique of embar rassing questions which he constantly turns on his Democratic opponent, former Gov. Herbert Lehman. For example, he asked Mr. Lehman why two members of the cabinet. Attorney General McGrath and Secretary of Labor Tobin were spending several days in New York, campaigning for Mr. Lehman, “despite their heavy responsibilities’’ in the emergency growing out of the coal and steel strikes. Mr. Dulles might have asked, too, why it was necessary to bring these two cabinet officers into the campaign when both Mr. Lehman and President Truman agreed that a Lehman victory was in the bag — and it would not be needful for Mr. Truman to speak in New York. The Republican Senator did ask Mr. Leh man, however, why Mr. McGrath and Mr. Tobin should have been called into the Leh man camp rather than any of the other seven members. Unlikely to Answer. These are questions Mr. Lehman is not likely to answer, although there is a rea son why it may liave seemed important to have Mr. McGrath and Mr. Tobin in the field speaking for him, rather than Secretary of Agriculture Brannan and Federal Securi ty Administrator Oscar R. Ewing. There has been considerable uncertainty over the ef fect, if any, of Mr. Lehman’s rush to defend Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt when she was at tacked by Cardinal Spellman as being anti Catholic. The Catholic vote in New York City, where Mr. Lehman must roll up a big majority if he is to win, is large. Ever since that incident. Mr. Lehman has been trying to convince this vote that his heart is in the right place. His recent visit to Georgetown University, when the papers of former Senator Robert F. Wagner were pre sented to that university, seems to be in line with other moves made by the former Governor. Mr. Dulles has asked Mr. Lehman other questions—particularly about the support which Mr. Lehman is receiving from the Communists and the fellow travelers in New York’s American Labor Party, as well as in the Communist Party itself. It is recalled that the Communist Party failed to put a candidate for Governor in the field when Mr, Lehman defeated Gov. Dewey in 1938 by a scant 60,000 votes, the number of votes usually cast by the Communist Party in New York. Mr. Lehman has resented these ques tions, and charged Mr. Dulles w’ith “bigotry." Prodded on Spending. Mr. Lehman has been prodded with ques tions, too. about his announced support of economy in Government spending—in con trast to the high cost of the Truman pro gram, to which Mr. Lehman has also pledged allegiance. Indeed, Mr. Dulles’ persistent questioning has left the former Governor in an unhappy position. How far Mr. Lehman can continue to ignore the questions shot at him, and not lose thereby, remains to be seen. ' Mr. Dulles has repeatedly challenged Mr. Lehman to meet him on the same platform to debate the issues of the campaign, which are really national and international issues. But Mr. Lehman has backed away from a joint debate. As of today, the betting odds favor Mr. Lehman, although there are Republicans who insist that their Mr. Dulles will emerge a victor on November 8, when the ballots are all counted. But win or lose, Mr. Dulles has shown himself an unusually active and effec tive campaigner, presumably against odds. The Truman administration tand its allies, the leaders of organized labor, are fighting as fiercely to elect Mr. Lehman as they are ex pected to fight to defeat—if they can—^Sena tor Taft in next year's election. If Mr. Dulles can win in New York this fall, it will be a sickening blow to the Truman forces—the forces which are backing the Truman pro gram in the 81st Congress. Questions and Answers A reader can net the answer to any auestion •f fact by writln* The Evening 8t*r Information Please Inclose three (3' cents for return postage. Bureau. 318 Eye st. n.e., Washington 2, D. C. By THE HASKIN SERVICE Q. Where is the Indian -chief Osceola buried? W. D. A. Osceola wss buried beside old Fort Moultrie in B^-ith Carolina. There is a tradition that the grave was opened and the head removed by “unknown persons.” Later, It supposedly appeared in a New York side walk museum in a jar of alcohol. Osceola, who was one-fourth white, was a leader of the Indians during the first half of the Seminole War 1835-42. Q. Are the tickets for the World Series games printed before the pennant winners are decided?—H. D. A. There is a league ruling that any team which is near to winning the league pennant and thus to competing in the World Series, must have tickets printed. Every year, there fore, some team has to throw away tickets. Q. What were the Jewish names for the days of the week? W. E. J. A. The Jews had no special names for the days of the week, designating them simply by’ numbers as the “first day,” "second day,” etc. The only exception was the seventlt day, which was also called the Sabbath. Q. What is the color of the flower of the bittersweet plant? H. L. 2b A. The flower is a greenish-white color. In autumn the plant developes clusters of orange berry-like capsules which split open after frost disclosing the bright red cover ings at the seeds. Q. Who first used the term anesthesia?— H. R. Q. A. The use of the terms anesthesia, anes thetic and anesthetist was suggested by the distinguished scholar and poet Oliver Wen dell Holmes, professor of anatomy at Har vard. Q. Is cut glass still being made?—R. M. A. The type of cut glass that was popular 'a generation or more ago is rarely produced now, because the process is expensive. Some cutting is done by grinding away large masses of glass and by pressing the glass against moving wheels of sandstone or car borundum. • To a Poet Who Showed Promise There was a time when your young pen Drew sudden blood from the white page, When every word was like a wind Blowing frost-clear upon this age Surfeited with the clever mind. But you are comforted, are safe, t Who once were lonely and afraid. Your words are round and polished now& You have forgotten what you said When pity shadowed your quiet brow. You who were prophet, sing your pleasant tune Suited to lovers and to June, But I remember words that split apart The winter fortress of the heart! SARA VAN ALSTYNE ALLEN.