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Weather Forecast Sunny with high near 60 today. Clear tonight; low about 38 in city a>nd 30 in suburbs. Tomorrow fair. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 52 6 a.m. 44 11 a.m. __.53 2 a.m. 50 8 a.m. 44 Noon_58 4 a.m._47 10 a.m. _..49 1 p.m, ..-57 Late New York Markets, Page A-29. _1 Guide for Readers Pice After Dark_C-5 Amusements ___C-6 Comics_D-10-11 Editorial_A-18 Edit’l ArticlesA-19 Finance _A-29 Page Food Page-A-21 Obituary _A-28 Radio _P-11 Sports_C-l-4 Women's Section_B-3-6 An Associated Press Newspaper 97th Year. No. 295. Phone ST. 5000 *★ WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1949-SEVENTY-TWO PAGES. City Home Delivery, Daily and Sunday. #1.20 a Month; when 6 Sundays, 91.30. Nlgnt Final Edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per Month. 5 CENTS Truman Spikes Report He Plans Strike Action No Talk With Cabinet Member on Situation, Ross Tells Press The White House today blasted as “entirely without warrant” a statement by a cabinet member saying that President Truman planned to step into the coal and steel strikes unless there was a settlement by this week end. The denial came as Government officials saw some hope of a break in the 27-day steel strike. There was the chance that the steel dis putants might get together in New York with Government medi ators. Confusion as to Mr. Truman’s plans for dealing with the strikes resulted after news dispatches quoted a cabinet officer as saying the President would step in with strong strike-ending action if the big shutdowns are not ended by this week end. Press Secretary Charles G. Ross said the President had authorized him to say “he has not discussed the strike situation with any mem ber of the cabinet.” There have been other reports of the same nature, according to Mr. Ross, who was obviously aroused when he met reporters at j his regular morning news con ference. Gives Out Penciled Statement. Mr. Ross has said consistently that the President had no plans to intervene, and when newsmen gathered in his office this morning he read this penciled statement: “Any attribution to the Presi dent of any plan to intervene in the coal and steel strike or to fix a deadline on efforts to reach settlement through mediation is entirely without warrant.” “This office (meaning his own) has told you every day in reply to questions the literal and exact truth of the situation. Obviously, this office can not foreclose the possibility of appropriate action by the President on any matter before him at any time. “He ‘may’ do anything it is within his power to do. But it is literally true that the strikes are in the hands of the Mediation Service at this time and the Presi dent is keeping hands off. “He is certainly not putting out statements either directly or in directly that he is going to in tervene. Talked With Steelman. “Incidentally, I am authorized by the President to say that he has not discussed the strike situation with any member of the cabinet.” Mr. Ross said the President has discussed the strike situation with John R. Steelman, presidential assistant, who handles labor rela tions for the White House and with members of his staff. He has been kept informed of the progress of the mediation efforts being made by Cyrus S. Ching, mediation chief, who has been reporting to Mr. Steelman. He has also been getting reports on the economic effects of the strike, adding that “he is pretty well informed.” The hope for a break in the steel strike stemmed from New York, where Mr. Ching still is meeting with the United States Steel Corp. Murray Also in New York. Philip Murray, president of the striking United Steel Workers as well as of the CIO, was in New York also, ostensibly to make a speech in behalf of the senatorial candidacy of Herbert H. Lehman. But Mr. Ching was known to be trying to get Mr. Murray together with United States Steel officials for a renewal of direct negotia tions. An official close to the strike situation advised, “Keep your eyes on New York today.” Chairman Irving S. Olds of “Big Steel” has said it seemed sensible for com pany and union to “sit down and see how far we could get toward agreeing on a pension program.” The cabinet member who dis cussed the strike situation with reporters refused to say what form the President’s action would take, but it was known that Mr. Truman has three courses open to him. He may try to end the strikes (See LABOR, Page A-4.) Typhoon Near Okinawa With 140-MPH Wind By the Associated frost TOKYO, Oct. 27.—A Western Pacific storm developed into a full-fledged typhoon today as it bypassed Okinawa, American island base. Carrying winds up to 140 miles an hour, the typhoon was about 200 miles east of Okinawa this morning and moving North-North east. Okinawa, often lashed by high winds in the typhoon season, re corded one gust of 87 miles an hour in the night, but the general velocity was 46 miles an hour. No damage was reported. Power Plant Explodes YORK, England, Oct. 27 UP).— An electricity plant exploded to day with a roar heard 5 miles away. Five employes were hurt and one is missing. Everybody Tries to Get Into Act At Hearing on Transit Radios They Couldn’t Get In. (Other Pictures on Page B-l.) —Star Staff Photo. Laughter, jeers and loud ap plause resounded in the crowded board room of the District Build ing today as friends and foes of the Capital Transit Co.’s radio equipment voiced their opinions of programs they hear on streetcars and buses. Time and again, James H. Flan agan, chairman of the Public Utilities Commission, interrupted the hearing to admonish the spec tators against outbursts. “We w'ant you to enjoy your selves,” Mr. Flanagan said, “but I must tell you that applause or exclamations of disapproval will have no weight when the com mission reaches a decision on this matter.” Shortly before the noon ad journment and after frequent re quests from the audience, Chair man Flanagan called for a show of hands on the question. When the applause subsided, he asked for a hand vote from those op posing the radios. Then a show of hands on those favoring. From the front row came a voice, “'Do you want to make it unanimous?” Unbiased observers estimated the ratio as about 3 or 4 to 1 against the musical cars. One anti-radio supporter was so im pressed by the count that he asked introduction of the photo graphs taken by at least six news photographers when the hands went up as evidence in the hear ing. The first outburst of the hear ing came when F. A. Sager, chief engineer of the Public Utilities Commission, testified that on four occasions he found the radios on streetcars and buses tuned so low that he found nothing objection able about them. At this point, foes of the radio programs raised such a loud shout that Mr. Sager’s testimony was drowned out. The elderly engineer rose from (See BUSES, Page A-6.) Markgraf, East Berlin Police Chief, Reported Arrested by Russians Red Official Said to Have Planned Flight to West; Communists Ask Purge By the Associated Press BERLIN, Oct. 27.—The British licensed Telegraf claimed today that Paul Markgraf, notorious East Berlin police chief, is under Soviet arrest in a suburban jail. The newspaper alleged Mark graf was seized by Russian agents after they had confirmed that he was considering fleeing to Western Germany. The 37-year-old former lieu tenant colonel in the German forces at Stalingrad was brought here in 1945 by the Soviet govern ment to become police chief of all Berlin. In 1947, non-Communist city officials accused him of having abducted 5,413 Berliners on Com munist orders, but he kept his post with Soviet support. Doubt Cast on Report. Some anti-Communist intelli gence sources expressed doubt about the Telegraf’s report, saying they had evidence Markgraf was being schooled for a higher post in the East German police. They said Arthur Pieck, son of President Wilhelm Pieck of the (See BERLIN, Page~A^T) Baloney Bandit Turns To Filling Station The baloney bandit apparently has struck again. But he’s turned his attention from groceries to a filling station. That’s the report to police today from John E. Shellenbarger, night manager at a filling station at Third street and Massachusetts avenue N.W. The so-called baloney bandit got his name when he staged five successful grocery holdups in four days. Each time, he ordered baloney and while the counterman was getting it, he emptied the cash register and fled. Police said Mr. Shellenbarger told them a man answering the baloney bandit’s description en tered his filling station early today with his hand thrust threaten ingly in his pocket. “Give me everything you’ve got,” the night manager quoted him as saying. Mr. Shellenbarger gave him $45 from the cash register and his change holder containing $20, he reported. Then the man cut the wire to the telephone receiver with a knife and fleet A Chinese Nationalists Claim Major Victory In Vicinity of Amoy 20,000 Communists Said To Have Been Wiped Out On Chinmen Island By the Associated Prest CHUNGKING, Oct. 21.—Chinese Nationalists today trumpeted news of their biggest military victory since the Communists crossed the Yangtze in April. They said government forces had wiped out fully 20,000 Red in vaders of Chinmen Island, north east of Communist-won Amoy on the south central coast. And 4, 000 others were taken prisoners, including Gen. Chu Shao-ching. Neutral sources, who have heard sweeping Nationalist claims before, granted that some sort of victory had occurred, although possibly not on the scale portrayed. Useful Jumping Off Base. Chinmen is important as a use ful jumping off base for any Communist attempt to storm the Nationalist island fortress of For mosa, about 120 miles to the east. Another development indicated the government meant business in recent talk of getting more men and more supplies for armies fac ing a Communist drive into South west China. The Nationalists approached the Burmese government on the question of reopening the famed Burma Road, at one time China’s main supply route during the war against Japan. The Reds have seized or neutralized coastal ports all the way from Canton to Shanghai. The National Highway Admin istration said necessary repairs on the China stretch of the road could be completed in three months. In addition, the government announced plans to improve high ways in other mainland areas they (See CHINA, Page A-4.) Belgian Senate. Approves Plebiscite on Leopold By the Associated Press BRUSSELS, Belgium, Oct. 27.— The Belgian Senate approved to day a bill calling for a plebiscite on whether exiled King Leopold HI should return to his throne. The vote was 109 to 65. The bill now goes to the Cham ber of Deputies. If it passes there, the King’s brother, Prince Charles, regent of Belgium, must ratify it. The monarch, center of a bitter controversy which has agitated Belgian politics in recent years, Is in exile in Switzerland. Hoffman Warns West Europe to Unify Economy Single Market Needed To Achieve Recovery Under EC A, He Says By the Associated Press MONTREAL, Oct. 27.—Paul G. Hoffman today called on Western Europe to unify its economy if it hopes to achieve recovery un der the Marshall Plan. The Economic Co-operation Ad ministrator declared the conti nent must create a single market of all countries west of the Soviet Iron Curtain to reach financial self-sufficiency. In an address before the Cana dian Chamber of Commerce, the American foreign aid director also asserted that Europe this year will earn $4,000,000,000 less than it must spend to buy necessary imports. En Route to Paris. Mr. Hoffman stopped here en route to Paris where next week he will participate in top-level dis cussions with officials of the 19 nations participating in the Mar shall Plan. Mr. Hoffman said the progress of Marshall Plan countries toward increasing industrial and agricul tural output is ahead of schedule. But heavier output of commodities | is not enough, he went on, to put ! Western Europe on its economic feet. “Europe must in its own in terest achieve without undue de lay an economic unification which will create a single market of 275, 000,000 consumers for whom Eu ropean industry and agriculture can produce economically and to whom European manufacturers and farmers can sell freely,’’ the ECA administrator stated. Problem to Sell Goods. The recovery director pointed out that European productivity has increased to a point where the problem now is to sell rather than turn out goods. He called on Europe to lower or remove trade barriers between nations and asked that the United States and Canada refrain from imposing re strictions which would retard flow of imports to the Western Hemisphere. Mr. Hoffman dwelt at length on the role American foreign aid has played in stemming the advance of Communism in Europe. “I believe if we remain strong and if Europe becomes strong, and if we remain united, the evil plans of the men of the Kremlin will fail aftd, in time, they will fail so utterly that Russia herself will cease to be a slave state, Mr. Hoff man concluded. Connally Sees Major Battle On ERP in Next Session Major foreign policy battles re garding China, Spain and the size of the European Recovery Pro gram are foreseen for the next session of Congress by Chairman Connally of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Senator Connally said the issue or recognition of the Communist regime in China is almost certain to be fought out in the session which begins in January. He said he strongly favors send ing an Ambassador to Spain to resume full diplomatic relations with the Franco government, a move resisted so far by Secretary of State Acheson. A slash of at least $1,000,000, 000 in American spending for Eu rope’s recovery was predicted by Senator Connally for the next fiscal year. His statement came as ECA Administrator Paul G. Hoff man, reported to be gravely wor ried over the outlook in Congress, left to confer with recovery plan ners in Europe. Hoffman Sees Truman. As for the European Recovery Program, Senator Connally said "we can’t carry indefinitely such a heavy burden of financial help.” He declared that "Europe must work out her own destiny.” The ECA administrator con sulted with President Truman be fore leaving the capital late yes terday. At the White House he told reporters that ECA would like to see the Marshall Plan nation> “go further and faster than they have gone” in striking down trade barriers. Mr. Truman gave him a message for Europe, too, he said—the as surance that "America’s great hope is a strong and prosperous Europe.” Fall Down Stairs Fatal To Widow of Marine Mrs. Madeline McNulty, 64, widow of Marine Maj. John S. Mc Nulty, was injured fatally today in a fall down the stairs of her Arlington home. Mrs. McNulty, who lived at 626 South ‘Twenty-third street, was found this morning by a niece, Miss Margaret Twomey of Boston, a house guest. Dr. W. C. Welbum, Arlington coroner, fixed the time of death about 2 a.m. and said the death was accidental. Maj. McNulty, who died in July, retired from the service during the war. A son, Lt. John S. Mc Nulty, jr., U. S. M. C., is on duty at Corpus Christi, Tex. SBUT ITS NOT 3!G ENOUGH TO HOLD Jr S| ALL OF TijEM. Jw Flyer Terrorizes Florida Town With Low Dives, ThenShootsSelf Member of Prominent Virginia Family Had Phoned Girl of Suicide Plans By the Associated Pres* CLEARWATER, Fla., Oct. 27.— A 23-year-old pilot terrorized Clearwater residents for two hours with wild power dives in a stolen plane, then calmly landed and shot himself to death today. Police Chief George McClamma identified the youth as Samuel W. Watkins, member of a well-known Virginia family. Magistrate R. L. Baker pronounced the death a suicide. Officials pieced together this story: Watkins telephoned a girl friend about 11:30 last night and told her he had decided to kill himself. Then he hung up. | Thirty minutes later, frantic I residents from virtually every sec tion of town called police head quarters to report a plane, flying , without lights, was buzzing roof tops. Police cruisers spotted the zooming, diving plane and ambu lances were readied for a crash. Watkins hurtled the Piper Cub toward the Memorial Causeway j 'drawbridge and fishermen lining! the span were froced to cower be-j hind concrete guard fails. Three times the plane screamed across, once missing the bridge tender’s shelter by inches. Then the plane began raking Clerawater Beach. Cafe and night (See PLANE, Page A-4J Effect of Sesqui Fair On East Capitol Bridge Studied by Planners Alternative Locations For Anacostia Span Submitted to Group The effect of the Sesquicenten nial Freedom Fair on the pro posed East Capitol Street Bridge over the Anacostia River and on recreation space occupied city planners and recreation officials today. District officials submitted a substitute plan of the bridge for approval of the National Capital Park and Planning Commission. They urged the substantially modified plan to do “less harm” to the recreation area at the foot of East Capitol street. At the same time, the District Recreation Board urged Interior Secretary Krug to initiate im mediate steps to provide athletic fields to replace those lost in the Freedom Fair area. Two Alternative Bridge Spots. The Planning Commission ad vanced two alternative locations for the proposed Anacostia Bridge as a substitute for the plans of the District Highway Depart ment. A bridge on the line of Massa chusetts avenue S.E., John Nolen, group, could be erected at half director of planning, told the the cost of the East Capitol Street Bridge. The estimated (Continued on Page A-4, Col. 5.) VA May Collett Gl Debts From Insurance Dividends By the Associated Press The Veterans’ Administration said today it may dip into the forthcoming ex-GI life insurance dividend to collect up to $30,000, 000 that veterans owe the Gov ernment. “Somewhere between $20,000,000 and $30,000,000 of such debts may be collected from national service life insurance dividends,” it said in a news release. "All of the individuals con cerned are aware of their in debtedness to the Government and know that it is deductible from other VA payments to which they may be entitled.” The agency said around 600,000 veterans owe it about $70,000,000. The individual dividend payments will be sufficient to wipe out less than half of the total. Most of the indebtedness con sists of overpayments of sub sistence allowance for veterans in colleges or training under the GI bill. Other types of debt include de faults on loans guaranteed by the Government, overpayments of pensions, compensation or unem ployment allowances. The $2,800,000,000 dividend is to be paid during the first half of 1950 to an estimated 16,000,000 veterans. Polio Victim, 30, Dies; Lived in Same Block As Earlier Fatality Health Expert Reports Satisfactory Sanitation Despite 4 Cases in Section James W. Carter, Jr„ 30. of 2619 Southern avenue S.E., died of in fantile paralysis last night at Gal linger Hospital. He lived in the same block as a 27-year-old at torney who died of polio two weeks ago and was the fourth victim of the disease within one apartment development. The address is in Prince Georges County near the District line. Mr. Carter, Gallinger Hospital officials said, became ill Sunday ! and was admitted to Gallinger Tuesday. He died at 11:15 o'clock last night. He was a sales representative for Remington-Rand here. A Washington native, he was a grad uate of Central High School and Duke University and had been a graduate student at American University and the University of Maryland. Leaves Wife, Young Son. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Juliet R. Carter, and a son James, 22 months: his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. James W. Carter, and a brother, Thomas N. Carter, 5054 Sedgwick street N.W. Funeral arrangements have not been completed. Mr. Carter was the eighttypolio fatality in the Washington area so far this year. The attorney who died recently was Lome Smith Birch, jr., who lived at 2615 Southern avenue S.E. Eight new cases have been re ported in the Washington area within the last two days, raising to 225 the number listed so far this year. When Mr, Carter was stricken early this week, the Prince Georges County Health Depart ment launched a sanitation study (See POLIO, Page A-4.) John C. Ross Is Named As Alternate on U. N. President Truman today gave a recess appointment to John C. Ross to be an alternate repre sentative of the United States to the fourth session of the United Nations General Assembly. Mr, Ross, already a deputy rep resentative on the U. N. Security Council, will replace Charles Fahy, who has just been named to the United States Court of Ap peals here. The President also gave recess appointments to Donald C. Cook to be a member of the Securities and Exchange Commission; to Frank E. Hook to be a member of the Motor Carrier Claims Com mission and James E. Friend to be assistant director of locomotive inspection. The nominations of the last three named went to the Capitol while Congress was in session but the Senate failed to act on them.' Hunt On for 8 Convicts After Daring Escape From Delaware Jail Arsenal Looted, Guard Used as Shield in Break Led by 20-Year-Old Lifer By the Associated Press WILMINGTON, Del., Oct. 27.— A widespread manhunt was on to day for eight convicts who escaped from the New Castle County IPrison with guns and ammuni tion taken from the jail arsenal. The eight—led by a 20-year old life-term prisoner—made a daring break through the front gate last night after locking up Guard Capt. Harry Harrington and using another guard as a shield. A burst of machine gun fire from a prison tower failed to stop them. * Described as Dangerous. Five of the escapees were re ported to have boarded a Pennsyl vania Railroad freight train bound for Reading. Pa. Two oth ers forced J. I*. Elliott, a station ery store clerk, to drive two blocks in his own car and then shoved him out before driving off. The car was recovered several hours later, abandoned in Ken nett Square. Pa. State police established road blocks throughout the Wilmington area and alerted authorities of adjoining States to be on the lookout for the men, described as "dangerous.” Guard Harrington’s version of the escape gave these details: Shortly before 7 p.m. the pris oners were taken back to their cell blocks from the exercise yard. Two Guards Locked Up. Danny Norris, 20-year-old life termer, convicted of slaying Wil mington Detective Thomas Con aty on Christmas, 1947, asked for an aspirin. The convicts then jumped Harrington and Guard Harry Beck. The two guards were marched to a cell and locked in. During the scuffle Beck suffered slight head injuries when he was struck with a window sash weight. Leaving his companions hidden behind a staircase. Norris went to the door leading to the main por tion of the prison building. He asked Guard Charles Lynch to let him through to get some papers from the printing shop where Nor ris worked. As Lynch opened the door he was seized and marched past the office of Warden Elwood H. Wil (See PRISON BREAK, Page A-4.) 38 Degrees Due Tonight With Frost in Suburbs The lowest temperature of the fall is expected tonight. The Weather Bureau forecast a low of 38 degrees in the city and about 30 degrees in the suburbs, with frost likely in the outlying sections. Today’s sunny weather will continue tomorrow and will be a little milder, the bureau added. A low of 40 degrees was re corded at 8:57 o’clock this morn ing, which was the lowest the thermometer has dropped here sine# last April 17. Star Classified Ads More Economical on 3 or 7 Time Basis You will save money by or dering your classified ad to run on a three or seven time consecutive insertion basis. Whenever results are ob tained, the remainder of the schedule may be canceled. If your ad runs the third or sev enth day, you obtain the ad vantage of a money-saving rate reduction applicable to all insertions. To place a classified ad, always phone Washington’s leading classified medium— THE STAR, Sterling 5000, Navy Shakeup Announcement Held Imminent Matthews Gives Hint Of Action; Truman Sees Press at 4 P.M. By John A. Giles Navy Secretary Matthews said today that “the whole situation” concerning inter-service quarrel ing still is under study and indi cated that some announcement might be expected shortly on in creasing rumors of a Navy com mand shakeup. The Secretary refused further comment as Vice Admiral Forrest P. Sherman, Mediterranean Fleet commander, reported to be one of the men under consideration as a successor to Admiral Den feld as Chief of Naval Operations, headed to Washington for a meet ing with Mr. Matthews and other defense officials. Some defense officials thought it likely that President Truman would have something to say about the situation at his news conference at 4 p.m. today. The Defense Department ab ruptly canceled a scheduled meet ing today of the Armed Forces Policy Council—on which Admiral Denfeld sits along with Secre taries Johnson and Matthews. A previous meeting scheduled for last Tuesday also was canceled. Bradley Congratulates Navy. Meanwhile, there were these other developments: 1. Gen.' Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who at the recent House hearings de Denfeld to Be Asked To Resign in Next Day Or Two, Arends Hears By the Associated Press Representative Arends, Re publican, of Illinois, said to day he has been informed that Admiral Denfeld will be asked to resign in the “next day or two” as Chief of Naval Operations. Mr. Arends demanded that the House Armed Services Committee take a hand. He declared it would be an “in sult to Congress” if Admiral Denfeld is kicked out of his post because of testimony he t gave to the committee. Rumors have circulated since that he would be ousted from the Navy's top post and that Vice Admiral Forrest P. Sherman would succeed him. plored “fancy Dan” admirals who wanted to run unification their own way, took the occasion of what has been Navy Day hereto fore to congratulate the Navy "on its inspiring record over the years.” The general, whose testimony was critical of Admiral Denfeld, addressed his letter to “Dear Louie” and signed it “Brad.” He spoke of the Navy “valor” and asked that his best wishes be ex tended to the “men and women in blue.” Denfeld Reply Cordial. Admiral Denfeld replied in a letter addressed “Dear Brad” that the general’s greetings wrere “deep ly appreciated by all of us” and that he was certain “the true solidarity between the three guardians of our national se curity” w-ould be illustrated next armed forces day. Navy Day in previous years has been an occasion for public visi tation to ships and stations and speeches praising the sea arm. Defense Secretary Johnson Or dered that all the special service days be abandoned and that the Army, Navy, Air Force and Ma rine Corps get together and celebrate Armed Forces Day the third Saturday in May. Gen. Bradley, in his letter, expressed confidence that the services would get together to celebrate that day next year. 2. It was learned that the Navy and Marine Corps have been or dered to “taper off” their strength by some 55,000 officers and men by June 30, 1950, in another of (See SERVICE FIGHT, Pg. A-4.) Air Force Lauds Co-operation by Navy in Orient By the Associated Press MANILA, Oct. 27.—Navy and Air Force may feud at home, but not out here. The Air Force had a warm word for the Navy today. It grew out of arrangements to bring jet-propelled F-80 Shooting Stars to the Philippines. The 600 mile-an-hour Lockheed fighters have been based on Japan and Okinawa for some time. Maj. Gen. Howard M. Turner, 13th Air Force commander, said his people would use naval fa cilities at Sangley Point on Man ila Bay in the F-80 program. The planes will be assembled there and flown to Clark Air Force Base. What’s more, Gen. Turner com mented that co-operation between the two services was reminiscent of the teamwork that brought about liberation of the Philippines and defeat of Japan. It was, ha added, a good example of unifies^ tion practices. I a.