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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 31, 1949, Image 18

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FASHIONS—READERS' CLEARING HOUSE
SOCIETY—CLUBS—RECIPES
WASHINGTON NEWS—COMICS—RADIO
MONDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1949
Burgman'sWife
Testifies He Had
Mental Disorder
Stricken After 1925,
Later Feared Death
By Nazis, She Says
Herman J. Burgman, accused
of making treasonable broadcasts
over the German radio during
World War II, was under severe
mental disorders at the time, his
wife testified today.
Mrs. Johanna Burgman was a
lead-off witness as the defense
opened its case in District Court.
Her testimony indicated that the
defense of the former State De
partment clerk will depend upon
a plea of insanity for the period
during which the alleged broad
casts were made.
Mrs. Burgman. a plump, gray
haired woman, told the jury she
was married to Burgman in 1920
while he was in Germany in the
Army of Occupation. Since then
they made their home in Berlin,
where Burgman worked continu
ously at the American Embassy
until the outbreak of war.
The mental disorders which she
described started after 1925. she
said. While still working at the
embassy, Burgman was convinced
that “some one" was trying to kill
him.
Described as Shy.
“He was very shy,” she testified,
“was afraid some people in the
embassy would try to kill him, or!
would try to make him insane to
get rid of him.
“I had to take him to and from
work because he feared some one
would try to push him under the
wheels of the train.”
Mrs. Burgman also testified her
husband was suspicious of people
living across the street from them.!
When he returned home, she said, |
he would enter cautiously, look in
all the closets and under the beds
for people he thought were hiding
there.
“At night he was afraid and left
the light on." she told the court.
“He stuffed his mattress with
newspapers, telling me the bed
was wired with mocrophones.”
Throughout her testimony Burg
man hardly glanced at the wit
ness. Most of the time he sat
slumped in is chair reading a
document.
Planned to Leave Reich.
At the outbreak of the war in
1941 Burgman had made plans to
leave Germany with the rest of
the American embassy staff, Mrs.
Burgman said. He had taken
his passport to the embassy and
had come home to make final
preparations for departure on the
evening of December 11. Thatj
night, she said, Burgman suffered
an acute heart attack and a doc
tor’s certificate was sent to the
embassy stating that he was too
ill to be moved.
After his recovery, later in
January, she went on, Burgman ,
reported to the police and tried
to find work through the German
labor office. He was unsuccessful
until he was "ordered'’ to report
to the German broadcast head
quarters in February of 1942.
After he became employed at
the broadcasting station. Mr.
Burgman testified, her husband's
persecution complex centered
itself on the Gestapo. "He imag
ined they had microphones in- j
stalled all over the place, that
they came to the house in the
night and searched his desk.” At
one time, she said, he stood on
the dining room table and took
apart a large lamp that hung
from the ceiling.
"He believed it was wired with
explosives and that it would go
ofi in the night and that we
would all go to pieces,” Mrs. Burg
man said.
Judge Alexander Holtzoff asked
the witness: "Wasn't everybody
in Germany afraid of the Ges
tapo?” The witness replied: "Oh.1
yes.”
Northeast Hebrew Group
Re-elects A. 6. Kapplin
A. B. Kapplin of 2714 Upshur
street. Mount Rainier, was re
elected president of the Northeast
Hebrew Congregation yesterday at
its annual meeting in Odd Fellows
Hall, 2020 Rhode Island avenue
N.E. Mr. Kapplin, national di
rector of Americanism and Vet
eran Affairs of B’nai B'rith. has
been president of the congregat.^n
since it was organized two years
ago.
Other officers elected were
James B. Rome, first vice presi
dent; George Gaylin. second vice
president: Abraham Rockmore,
recording secretary: Bertha G. j
Sherman, corresponding secre
tary; Mrs. Dora Mazur, assistant;
corresponding secretary; Charles
A. Sterman, financial secretary,
and Horace G. Gerber, treasurer.
Those chosen for the board of
trustees were Nat Bernstein, Wil
liam Gelberg, Max Katz, Louis
Lebowitz, Mrs. Mathilda Lunch,
J. Samuel Ravenovets and Mrs.
Mickey Rosenfeld.
9B-Year-Old Woman
Leaves 126 Descendants
By the Associated Press
ROANOKE, Va. ,Oct. 31.—Mrs.
Mary S. Boudurant, 98. of Prince
ton, W. Va., died in Memorial Hos
pital there today. She leaves 126
direct descendants.
Surviving are six sons and two
daughters, 47 grandchidlren, 65
great-grandchildren and six great
great-grandchildren.
Clemson Alumni to Meet
The Clemson College Alumni in
the Washington area will have as
its guests several faculty members
who will tell of recent South Caro
lina educational developments at
a meeting at 6:30 p.m. Wednesday
at Naylor’s Sea Food Restaurant,
951 Maine avenue S.W.
Driver Cleared
In Pedestrian's
Death Here
2 Killed, 9 Injured
In Four Crashes in
Virginia Areas
A coroner’s jury today exon
erated Henry A. Scoggins, 22, of
1251 Penn street N.E., in the traf
fic death of a pedestrian Saturday
—one of two traffic deaths that
day which raised the city’s total
to 60 for the year.
The pedestrian was Anton
Schuler, 59. of 1828 A street S.E.,
an upholsterer at the Raleigh
Hotel for the last 30 years. He
was struck at the intersection of
Seventeenth and A streets S.E.
and died at Gallinger Hospital
shortly afterward.
The week end also saw two
women killed in a two-car col
lision yesterday on Route 55 in
Fauquier County near Marshall.
Va.. 47 miles west of Washington,
and nine other persons injured in
three separate accidents on Route
1. near Dumfries, in Prince Wil
liam County, Va.
Rainy weather created bad driv
ing conditions which caused in
numerable other minor accidents
both in the city and nearby coun
ties, police said.
Howard Student Killed.
Deputy {Sheriff J. K. James of
Fauquier County, said the two-car
collision occurred when an auto
mobile pulled onto the highway in
the path of another car driven by
David Brown, 29, of Baltimore, j
His step-mother. Mrs. Louise
Brown, 45. of 229 East Beacon
Hill road. Groveton, Va.. was pro
nounced dead after being removed
to Providence Hospital. Mr. Brown
was treated for head injuries in a
Warrenton Hospital.
Miss Gladys Penn, 22, colored,
of Warrenton. an occupant of the
other car, was dead on arrival at
Freedmen’s Hospital. Her niece,
Miss Mary Jane Mann, 16, suf
fered severe head injuries and;
still was unconscious this morn-1
ing at Freedmen’s. Mr. James
did not know who was driving
the car.
Another inquest wes scheduled
today at the District Morgue to
fix responsibility for the death of
Wesley A. Mount, 20, colored, 414
U street N.W., a sophomore at
Howard University and member
of the track team.
Five Hurt in Two-Car Crash.
Mr. Mount was walking with a
fellow student, Jimmy Towns,
when both were struck by an au
tomobile at Tenth street and Con
stitution avenue N.W. Saturday.
Mr. Mount died at Freedmen’s
Hospital, but Mr. Towns received
only minor injuries. The driver
was Hairy Hill, 42, colored, of!
2240 Virginia avenue N.W., who
was charged with failing to yield
the right of way to a pedestrian.
Nine persons, including three*
children, were injured in separatej
accidents on Route 1 near Dum
fries, Va.
Five of them were hurt in a
two-car collision about 1 a.m. All1
were treated at the Naval Hospital j
at Quantico and then released.!
They were Dr. Charles E. Neal,;
41, of Richmond; his wife. Mar- |
garet, 41. and their daughter,
Margaret Virginia, 14; Betty Ann
Hitchens. 17, also of Richmond,
and John W, Zavash, 23, of Quan
tico. All suffered minor cuts and
bruises about the head and face.
Lost Control of Car.
Police said Zavash’s car went
out of control and struck the
side of the car driven by Dr. Neal,
which was headed south in the
opposite direction. Zavash was
charged with reckless driving and
driving without a permit, police
said.
Four were injured in the other
accident about two miles north of
Dumfries about 5:30 p.m. They
also were taken to the hospital
at Quantico. Those hurt and
their injuries were William H.
Weigand, 49, of Hoadly, Va., nose
cuts and injury to his right arm;
Mrs. Ann G. Fredericks. 34, of
Camp Lee, Va., injured hip and
head cuts; and her two daugh
ters, Darra, 6, cut nose and chin
and shock, and Adria, 1V2, head
bruises.
The accident occurred when j
Weigand's car attempted to'
avoid a parked vehicle andj
crashed head - on into one
operated by Maj. Boris Fredericks,
35. an Army officer and hus
band of Mrs. Fredericks, police re
ported. Weigand was charged
with reckless driving, police
added.
Girl, 11, Injured.
In an accident yesterday near
River road and Seven Locks road,
west of Bethesda, Paul R. McCall,
36, of Wilmington, Del., suffered
a fractured jaw and cuts and
bruises of the face and neck when
his car struck a culvert. He was
admitted to Suburban Hospital in
Bethesda.
Joan Hendricks, 11, of 5301
Decatur street, Roger Heights,
suffered undetermined injuries
when, according to police, she ran
into the side of a moving taxicab
on Rhode Island avenue, near
Thirty - fourth street, Mount
Rainier, about 8 p.m.
Mount Rainier police listed the
cab driver as Robert A. Ferris of
4104 Tennyson street, Hyattsville.
The girl was admitted to the
Prince Georges General Hospital,
Cheverly, but her condition was
said to be not serious.
Ohio Alumni to Hear
Margaret Speaks Friday
Margaret Speaks, concert and
radio star, will be featured at the
annual banquet of the Ohio State
Alumni Club of Washington at
7:30 p.m. Friday at the Kennedy
Warren. Miss Speaks is a gradu
ate of the university.
Dr. Christine Conaway, dean of
women, will be among the guest
speakers.
Four-year-old Josephine had a
hard time holding back the tears, i
‘‘Am I going to sleep here, j
Daddy?” she asked in a tight
whisper.
‘‘For a while, my little girl,” j
her father answered.
Then the lady in the white hat:
stretched out her hand, and Jose
phine and her two brothers dis
appeared into the nursery.
Months earlier Angelo Capa-,
relli had known trouble was com-1
ing. Almost every day, since
little Frankie came, he would
come home exhausted from his
construction job to find the
children crying for food, un
washed. their clothes needing
mending. He would have to feed
them himself, and tidy up the
room, while his wife lay, unheed
ing, on the bed.
Sometimes he found Frankie
screaming, unnoticed, on the floor.
He would reproach his wife, only
to have her ignore him. with a
look in her eyes that frightened
him.
“Look out for the kids,” he be
gan asking the neighbors every
day. “Emily, she’s sick in the
head. She might do something.”
Angelo worried even more when j
he couldn’t come home. His leg,!
burned by mustard gas in the first
war, often pained him so badly
he had to go to the hospital, to j
stay for weeks. Again and again,
as he lay on his hospital bed,
Emily's eyes would haunt him.
Their Home Shattered, These Children's Future Is in Your Hands
asks rriest lor Hejp.
With Christmas only three
weeks away, Angelo finally could
stand it no longer. He went to
the church and sought out the
priest for help.
Emily w'as sent to a hospital.
The doctors. Angelo hoped, would
know her sickness, and cure it. A
housekeeper came in the daytime
to care for the children.
But Christmas Eve came, and
Angelo couldn't face the next day;
without his wife. He begged the
doctors to let the family have
Christmas together. Emily came
home. In the bareness of their
one room, a Christmas basket^
from the church brought a little
cheer.
Twelve nights later it happened.
Emily picked up a soda bottle
and lunged at little Frankie. The
bottle struck Angelo as he rushed
to stop her.
Angelo sent 6-year-old Peter to
bring help, and the police came
and took his wife away. She didn’t
come home again.
A few days later, a smiling lady
came to the rooming house,
bundled up the three children in
what clothes they had and took
them on a ride in an automobile.
They went to a big brick build
ing with a long, marble-floored
corridor. They sat together, for a
few minutes, on a wooden bench.
Then the lady came, dressed all
in black except for her white col
lar and the wide, white hat that
reminded Peter of a sailboat. i
Has Bed of Her Own.
Now Josephine, for the first
time in her life, has a little bed of
her own. Instead of unwelcome,!
all-too-rare scrubbings in a rough
iron tub, she has fun taking baths
in a beautiful white bathroom
where she has her own towel on
a hook and, on a smaller hook,
her very first toothbrush. At her
own place at a pint-size dinner
table, she devours big meals in
Appeals Court Refuses
To Force Parkside to
Bargain With Union
The United States Court of
Appeals today refused to force
owners of the Parkside Hotel in
the 1300 block of I street N.W.
to bargain with Local 80 of the
Hotel Service Workers’ Union
(AFL).
It turned down a request by
the National Labor Relations
Board for authority to enforce
such an order dating back to 1946.
"The dispute itself, even if
established to exist as alleged, was
utterly minor and about as sig
nificant as a street-corner brawl,”
Judge Prettyman stated in an
opinion in which Judge Miller
concurred. Chief Judge Stephens
dissented, holding that there was:
substantial evidence to support
the NLRB finding that a hotel
supervisor had threatened to dis
charge employes if they joined a
union.
The case was before the Court
of Appeals for rehearing on a
somewhat similar decision by the
appellate branch several months
ago. The union claimed that two
business agents notified the hotel
management in 1946 that the six
bellboys and maids at the hotel
had designated Local 80 as their
bargaining agent. The agents
claimed that the management re
fused to bargain and that one of
the employe supervisers made an
tagonistic and threatening re
marks to employes.
The majority opinion today
held that there was “no evidence
of antagonism or obduracy on the
part of the employes and that at
most it was a state of confusion.”
Plans Made for Mission
In Washington Cathedral
Plans for the mission to be con
ducted in Washington Cathedral
November 13-20 by the Rev. Bryan
Green, rector of Birmingham,
England, have been set. it was
announced today.
They include a luncheon for
men November 10 at the Mayflow
er Hotel and a ladies’ luncheon
the following day at the Shore
ham Hotel.
The arrangements for the mis
sion were made Friday at a meet
ing in Mount St. Alban’s Episco
pal Church. Among those dis
cussing the mission were the
Right Rev. Angus Dun, Bishop of
Washington; the Rev. Harold B.
Sedgwick, rector of St. Thomas’
Church, and Mr. Green.
t<> Station WMAL of
WMAL-Fm ot 10:30 o'clock
tonight ond heor thh ttwy’
—Star Staff Photo by Randolph Routt.
company with three playmates.’
She loves kindergarten.
Little Frankie has a bed of his
own, too. with sides on it. He has
clean rompers to wear, and toys
to play with, and almost enough'
attention to satisfy even a 2-year
old. From 22 pounds and a seri-1
ous anemia, he has grown to a
husky, pink-cheeked 30.
Peter, who always wanted to go
to the big boys’ school, started
first grade this fall. He lives in a
dormitory with other boys. After
noons he watches them play foot
ball and dreams of the day when
he'll play, too. On Sundays, he
sometimes visits his brother and
sister and they feast on ice cream.
Soon, the three of them may be
together again in a foster home1
where they can wait happily fori
Bay, 3, Missing as Fight Goes On
Over Custody of Foster Brother
While police sought a 3-year-old
boy missing overnight from the
Industrial Home School annex,
the custody of his 3-year-old fos
ter brother was being fought in
District Court today.
The two boys figuring in a com
plicated domestic tangle, involving
at least four marriages, are:
1 David Gregory Little, whose
mother, Mrs. Geraldine Little,
gave him up after Judge T. Alan
Goldsborough told her she was
unfit to raise the foster child
whose custody is now in question.
2. Jonathan, son of Mrs. Mah
lon Miller of Landover, Md., who
is seeking to get him back from
Mrs. Little. Jonathan, who has
been raised by Mrs. Little since he
was two days old, is now in an
other foster home pending the
outcome of the custody fight.
Iwo Children Left at Home.
Mrs. Little left David and her
daughter, Edith Hernandez. 15,
with welfare authorities October 5
after Judge Goldsborough told her
she would have to give up Jona
than.
Jonathan is Mrs. Miller's child
by a former marriage to Joseph
Bistransky. a soldier who, she
testified today, deserted her when
she was two months' pregnant.
Then, she said, she and Mr. Mil
ler—also in the Army at the time
—went to live with Mr. and Mrs.
Little.
Mrs. Miller testified she used
Mrs. Little's name when she had
the child at Gallinger Hospital in
October, 1946. The Millers were
married in 1947.
Under cross - examination by
Mrs. Little's attorney, Jefferson
Busby, sr„ Mrs. Miller said she
signed a notarized paper saying
Mrs. Little was the one to take
the baby but she added she had
never read the paper and never
intended Mrs. Little to adopt the
child. The document was signed
shortly before the child was born.
Letter Is Produced.
Mr. Busby also produced a let
ter from Mr. Miller to Mrs. Little
saying he and the present Mrs.
Miller would rather Mrs. Little
have the child than any one else.
Mrs. Miller said she had seen the
letter but denied it had meant
permanent custody.
Meanwhile police and welfare
officials were seeking Mrs. Little’s
own son David.
Miss Winifred Thompson, assist
ant superintendent of the Indus
trial Home School in charge of
the annex, said David was visited
yesterday by Cornelius Hernan
dez, Mrs. Little’s former husband
and father of Edith.
Because Edith was ill. Miss
Thompson said, Mr. Hernandez
got special permission to take i
David from Dunbar Hall to Lin
coln Hall, where Edith stays. After
all the visitors left, the roll was'
called and David was nowhere to
be found.
Other Cases Recalled.
Miss Thompson said small chil
dren have wandered off the
grounds before and have been
quickly located, but this is the
first time a child as young 5s
David has been gone overnight.
Edith, who was at court today
in the custody case and did not
know about David’s disappear-:
ance, said her father brought her
and David candy, ice cream and
cookies. After the visit, she said,
her father and David left her room
with the father of her roommate. |
Third Kelly Brother
Held in Theft Case
William Franklin Kelly, 27, of
Chinquapin Village, Alexandria,
was arrested by Alexandria police
last night and charged with buy
ing stolen property.
Kelly, police said, is the brother
of two members of the “most con
sistent” housebreaking gang oper
ating in Northren Virginia in 20
years.
Those two are James Kelly, 25,
of the 800 block of Fifth street
N.W., and John Kelly, 22, of the
first block of H street N.W. James
was sentenced to 5 years in the
penitentiary by Arlington Circuit
Judge Walter T. McCarthy Friday
when he pleaded guilty to break
ing into an Arlington Safeway
store. John is charged with house
breaking and held in Alexandria.
His wife, Irene also is held.
William Kelly, police said, got
a stolen ring from his brothers and
sold it to an Alexandria barber.'It
was the polioe discovery of this
transaction that led to the break
ing up of the gang, police-said. \
William Kelly was taken into
custody and questioned sometime
ago, but was released. Police said
he was not implicated in the gang
when news of the other arrests was
announced last week.
Randle Highlands PTA
To Hold Square Dance
A square dance sponsored by
the Randle Highlands Parent
Teacher Association will be held
at 8 p.m. Saturday at_Anacoslia
High School Gymnasium.
Mrs. Milton Mandel, chairman
of arrangements, said yesterday
that funds raised from the dance
will be used to buy supplies for
the Randle Highlands school
classrooms.
the day their father hopes for—
the day he can take them home
again.
This story of the Caparelli
children is true. Peter. Frankie
and Josephine are the three
children in this picture, although
these are not their actual names.
Frankie and Josephine now live
at St. Ann's Infant Asylum, w'here
this picture was taken. Peter lives
at St. Joseph's Home and School.
All three were taken in through
the good offices of a woman work
er of Catholic Charities, which
like the other two institutions is
a Community Chest agency.
Many children every year pass
through this same portal into the
nursery of St. Ann's. Their fate,
like that of the Caparellis, is in
your hands.
2 in Prince Georges,
One a Juror, Held in
Slot Machine Payoffs
Two Prince Georges County
men, including a county petit
juror, will face hearings in Hy
attsville Police Court within the
next two weeks in connection
with illegal cash payoffs by slot
machines.
County police revealed yester
day they had arrested Blair L.
Hamel, 37, of the 5400 block of
Riverdale road, Riverdale, and
Herman Crews, 44, 5300 block of
Quincy place, Bladensburg, be
cause “play for amusement only”
machines in their establishments
allegedly had paid off.
Hamel is serving as a juror at
Upper Marlboro.
Arrested on Friday.
He was arrested late Friday
after Pvt. J. P. Kearns of county
police reported he saw Mrs.
Hamel pay off a customer in cash
for a winning tally in a slot ma
chine in their delicatessen store
at the Riverdale road address,
police said.
Hamel today emphatically de
nied his wife paid off, insisting
she was giving the customer
change from a $5 bill after the
latter had purchased three bottles
of beer and a package of chew
ing gum.
Freed under $500 bond. Hamel
will receive a hearing on a charge
of permitting and setting up a
gaming table in the Hyattsville
court on November 14. - |
Seized in Tavern.
Crews was arrested in the Snug
Harbor Tavern on Defense high
way, near Vista, shortly before
midnight Saturday after County
Detectives Wilson J. Purdy and
Vincent S. Free reported they re
ceived cash payments directly from
machines in that establishment.
The detectives said Crews is the
owner of the tavern.
According to Detective Purdy,
they found five machines in the
place, including four of the “one
armed bandit” type machines.
These are the kind which pay off
in cash directly to the player. The
other was a console model ma
chine—one supposedly not able to
pay off, Mr. Purdy said. Hits
were made on several of the ma
chines, he added.
As a result, they placed Crews
under arrest on the gaming table
charge, Detective Purdy said. He
also was freed under $500 bond
pending a hearing at Hyattsville
Thursday.
Mrs. Marion Fischer,
Widow of Physicist,
Dies in Hospital Here
Mrs. Marion G. Fischer, 82,1
widow of Dr. Louis A. Fischer, in
ternationally known physicist
with the United States Bureau of
Standards, died yesterday at
Homeopathic Hospital, after an:
illness of more than two years.
A lifelong resident of Washing
ton, she was the daughter of the
late George W. Harvey, well known
restaurateur. She lived at Sky
line Towers, 2730 Wisconsin ave
nue N.W., before she went to the
hospital more than two years ago.
She was graduated from Visita
tion Convent, which occupied the
site w:here the Mayflower Hotel
now stands.
Mrs. Fischer was a member of
St. Patrick's Catholic Church,
Tenth between F and G streets
N.W.
Surviving are a sister, Mrs.
William S. McCarthy, 3162 Eight
eenth street N.W.; five nephews,
W. Norman McCarthy. Henry Ed
ward Cain and Josephy Fendall
Cain, all of this city; Harvey
Cain, New York, and Dr. A. Mc
Gehee Harvey, of the Johns Hop
kins University staff, and four
nieces, Mrs. Marion H. McCarthy,
Mrs. Timothy L. Cox and Mrs.
Thomas Green, all of New York,
and Mrs. George Fontaine of To
ledo, Ohio.
Funeral services will be held at
9 a.m. Wednesday in Fort Myer
Chapel. Burial will be in Arling
ton Cemetery beside her husband,
an Army major in World War I.
Perry Taylor of Arlington
Named to Pollution Board
Perry R. Taylor, 52, 1211 South
Twenty-fifth street, Arlington,
Va„ has been appointed executive
officer of the 11-man Water Pol
lution Control Advisory Board.
He succeeds Kenneth C. Laus
ter, recently appointed chief
basin engineer for the North At
lantic drainage basins area of the
national water pollution control
program.
Mr. Taylor has been an analyst
for the Public Health Service. He
is a 1918 graduate of the Naval
Academy, but resigned from the
Navy in 1923 to enter the home
construction business in Pennsyl
vania.-He is a native of Corydon,
Pa.
The board was established by
Congress in 1948 to review water
pollution control policies of the
Public Health Service and to
make recommendations to the
Surgeon General.
Truman Urges
More Active
Religious Life
U. S. Pre-eminence
Rests on Spiritual
Strength, He Asserts
President Truman last night
in a radio broadcast from the
White House told the American
people not to take their religious
heritage for granted but to work
at it so religion could be “a living
force in the world today.”
“I believe that every problem in
the world today could be solved if
men would only live by the prin
ciples of the ancient prophets and
the Sermon on the Mount,” Mr.
Truman declared.
Asserting that the United States
has been “a deeply religious Na
tion from its earliest beginnings,”
the President said its present pre
eminent position rests on this
spiritual strength.
He said it was because of this
“profound religious faith” that
the United States is able to meet
the call of other nations for lead
ership “in the w'ays of peace.”
But he warned “religion is like
freedom. We cannot take it for
granted. Man—to be free—must
work at it. And man—to be truly
religious—must work at that, too.”
Text of Speech.
President Truman’s speech fol
lows:
“The United States has been a
deeply religious Nation from its
earliest beginnings. The need
which the founders of our country
felt—the need to be free to wor
ship God, each man in his own
way—was one of the strongest
impulses that brought men from
Europe to the New World. As the
pioneers carved a civilization from
the forest, they set a pattern
which has lasted to our own time.
First, they built homes and then,
knowing the need for religion in
their daily lives, they built
churches. When the United States
was established, its coins bore wit
ness to the American faith in a
benevolent deity. The motto then
was “In God We Trust.’’ That is
still our motto and we, as a peo
ple, still place our firm trust in
God.
“Building on this foundation of
faith, the United States has grown
from a small country in the wil
derness to a position of great
strength and great responsibility
among the family of nations.
Other countries look today to the
United States for leadership in the
ways of peace, and it is our task
to meet that challenge.
“I am convinced that we are
strong enough to meet the chal
! lenge. We are strong enough be
cause we have a profound re
ligious faith. The basic source
of our strength as a Nation is
j spiritual. We believe in the dig
nity of man. We believe that he
: is created in the image of God,
who is the Father of us all.
“It is this faith that makes us
determined that every citizen in
our own land shall have an equal
right and an equal opportunity
to grow in wisdom and in stature,
and to play his part in the af
fairs of our Nation.
“It is this faith that makes us
respect the right of men every
where to worship as they please
and to live their own lives free
from the fear of tyranny and
strife.
World of Tolerance.
“It is this faith that inspires
us to work for a world in which
life will be more worth while—a
world of tolerance, unselfishness
and brotherhood—a world that
lives according to the precepts of
the Sermon on the Mount.
“I believe that every problem
in the world today could be solved
if men would only live by the
principles of the ancient prophets
and the Sermon on the Mount.
“Each one of us can do his part
by a renewed devotion to his re
ligion. If there is any danger to
the religious life of our Nation, it
lies in our taking our religious
heritage too much for granted.
Religion is not a static thing. It
exists not in buildings, but in the
minds and hearts of our people.
“Religion is like freedom. We
cannot take it for granted. Man
—to be free—must work at it.
And man—to be truly religious—■
must work at that, too. Unless
men live by their faith, and prac
tice that faith in their daily lives,
religion cannot be a living force
in the world today.
“That is why each of us has a
duty to participate—actively—in
the religious life of his commun
ity and to support generously his
own religious institutions.
"Just as an active faith sus
tained and guided the pioneers
in conquering the wilderness, so
today an active faith will sustain
and guide us as we work for a
just peace, freedom for all, and a
world where human life is truly
held sacred.
“Religious faith and religious
work must be our reliance as we
strive to fulfill our destiny in the
world.”
Negro Opera Company
Offers Concert Friday .
A concert group of the National
Negro Opera Company will pre
sent a musical program at 8:30
p.m. Friday in the Metropolitan
A.M.E. Church, 1518 M street N.W.
Proceeds will go toward renova
tion of the main auditorium of the
church. Soloists will include
Louia Vaughn Jones, violinist and
head of the music department at
Howard University.
Hamline Church Bazaar
The Hamline Methodist Church.
Sixteenth and Allison streets
N.W., will hold a bazaar from
5:30 to 9 p.m. Thursday at the
church. Reservations for the
turkey dinner, to be served from
5:30 to 7:30 p.m., must be in the
church office by Tuesday.
A

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