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In Poland, Bulgaria Reported Under Way By the Associated Press LONDON, Oct. 31 — Reports spread today that the rulers of Poland and Bulgaria were purging officials suspected of any possible deviation from Moscow’s brand of orthodox Communism. Such purges have swept other Soviet satellites since Yugoslavia's Marshal Tito refused to accept the dictates of the Kremlin with out question. Because of his atti tude, Tito was expelled from the Russian-led Cominform 16 months ago and has been subjected to bitter propaganda attacks and economic pressure. Warsaw buzzed with rumors of arrests, purges and shakeups de signed to rid the Polish govern ment of political unreliables. There was no confirmation from official sources. Informed obser sers there said, however, the re ports appeared to indicate that at least a minor shakeup was in progress among junior government posts, combined with the weeding out of unreliables and non-Com munists in other positions. Purge Targets Named., Stanislaw Kowalewski, vice min ister of agriculture: Kazimierz Iwanowski, vice minister of for estry, and Tadeusz Kochanowicz, vice minister of labor and social welfare, were most frequently mentioned in Warsaw as purge targets. ■ It also was rumored that Jozef Dubiel, former vice minister in charge of recovered territories, had been arrested. Dubiel was right-hand man to former Vice Premier Wladislaw Gomulka, who was thrown out of the Communist Party leadership last year on charges similar to those hurled by the Cominform at Tito. The presidium of Bulgaria’s Na tional Assembly issued a decree yesterday announcing that Ivan Kinov, army chief of staff, and Boyan Bulgaranov, head of the army’s political management divi sion, had been relieved of their duties. The decree said the two officials had been given other assignments, but did not say whac their new jobs would be. New Yugoslav Tension. The action apparently lent some measure of support to uncon firmed reports published in Borba, the voice of Tito’s Yugoslav gov ernment. that a widespread purge of Titoist elements in Bulagria was under way. Borda said hun dreds of Bulgarian officials, work ers and peasants were being ar rested and that new concentration camps were being built to house them. Meanwhile, an ominous note de veloped in Tito's cold war with the Cominform. Yugoslavia an nounced that troops of Hungary, a Cominform member, had fired shots and grenades across the Yugoslav border for eight hours. Yugoslavia said the incident oc curred last week in the area of Donji Miholjac, 160 miles north west of Belgrade. Yugoslav border troops were reported not to have replied to the Hungarians. Yugo slav officials have expressed belief that the Cominform countries seek to goad the Yugoslavs into acts which could draw stiff reprisals. Catholic Hour to Mark 20th Year in Radio The Washington Catholic Hour W'ill celebrate its 20th anniversary on the air with a card party and dance Friday at the Mayflower Hotel. The card party will be held from 8:30 to 10:30 p.m. Dancing will be from 10 p.m. to 1 a.m. The Most Rev. Patrick A. O'Boyle, Archbishop of Washing ton, heads the list of patrons for the event. The radio hour was started in Washington by the late Father Francis J. Humey, pastor of Immaculate Conception Church. The present director of the hour is the Rev. Joseph E. Gedra, pastor of Immaculate Con ception Church. ___LOST._ ART TEXTBOOK and folder of art work. 1 vie. 11th and Harvard. Reward. EM. 5440. , _—1 ' BEAGLE, female, black and white, brown 1 face. Reward. Call WO. 4975._—2 BEAGLE PUP. black, white feet, 3 mos.; in Congress Heights. JO. 2-4339. —2 BILLFOLD, containing money, driver’s per^ 1 mit: Upper Marlboro. Md. Reward. MAUDE . HARLEY. TR. 2040_•_ 1 BILLFOLD, brown. man’s, containing 1 identification and photos, important to , owner. Keep cash and mail other mate- * rial to Apt. 708. 2929 Conn ave. n.w. 1 __—31 BLACK COCKER, male; lost Silver Spring; • muzzle turning gray. Reward. SL. 3129 o BRACELET, yellow gold, diamond and i ruby, set with 29 real rubies and 3 round diamonds; lost between National Airport and Statler Hotel. 9:30 p.m Oct. 26, 1949. Reward. Call RE. 7868, Ext. 7. —31 BROWN TERRIER, small, shaggy-haired female, named Danny; vie. Greyhound bus station. Reward. WI. 4240. —2 CAT, large grey and white Maltese, female. Reward. HO. 6175,—31 COAT, lady's, light brown, fur trimmed: lost in taxi. Monday, en route Union Sta tion to 3108 19th n.w. Reward. MI. 8840.—31 COLLIE, 5 mos., brown and white, wear ing black Hendryx harness, size 20: vlcln Ity Chlllum. Reward. RA. 3772. » GOLD ING, blue cameo: between 1000 and 1100 on L n.w. Sentiment attached. Reward. After 6 p.m.. EX. 2814. • GREEN ALLIGATOR WALLET, with very necessary Identification cards Inside; In or i nr. Old Europe Restaurant, on Wis. ave.; I reward. Call NO. 018S. —31 j LADY'S DIAMOND ENGAGEMENT RING, blue white emerald, cut In platnlum set ting. bagguette diamond on each side; vicinity 17th and Pa. ave. n.w., or en route to 220 Hamilton st. n.w. Notify TESS G. SHULMAN, TA. 8536 or EX. 3300. Ext. 2075. • POLICE PUPPY, 5 mos. old. thin, sore on hip: lost Silver Spring. SL, 3531. —1 PURSE, small gold evening bag, lost Fn. night, vie. of Hotel Roosevelt: Identification Oklahoma driver’s license, contains silver cigarette lighter, silver lipstick. Reward. AD. 7947,—1 RED BILLFOLD, owner's address, chil dren’s pictures; lost Woodward Sc Loth rop s north; about $40. Please call TA. 0531. * RHINESTONE BRACELET, 1 Inch wide, liberal reward. MRS. CECIL GOODWILL Lighthouse Polnte, Grosse Ille. Mich. —31 RING, cluster of sapphires and diamonds; platinum band and setting. Reward. ST. 4100. _—3 WATCH lady's. Sat., Conn. nr. Calvert: or 222 McKln.: bus terminal or L4-L8 bus. LO. 5-0509. Reward._ —2 WATCH, Sylvania. souare silver, heavy black cord strap. Reward. JO. 2—*960. WHITE FEMALE POINTER, a black patch over right eve; answers to the name of Fanny. NO. 3861__ —2 WRIST WATCH, man’s Hamilton Yel low gold, initials W A. C. Sentimental value. Reward. CO. 7085. —2 WRIST WATCH, white gold, Bulova; be tween 12th and Pa and 11th and Pa. (16th st. bus stop). Reward. Hudscm 8378; Monday, Executive 3620, Ext.^486. FOUND, YOUNG COLLIE, collar but no license; •aU OR. 7662. 'Battle of Bridges' Warms Up As East Capitol St. Span Is Hit CD'S $ * 15 The Commissioners want to build a new bridge across the Anacostia at East Capitol street, shown at top of map. A staff report of the National Capital Park and Planning Commission recommended Massachusetts avenue, below, as the proper site. The "battle of the bridges” gained new impetus today as the Commissioners’ plan to build a new span over the Anacostia River at East Capitol street was attacked as one that would disrupt the thoroughfare system of Washington. John Noien, planning director for the National Capital Park and Planning Commission, issued a detailed report outlining his staff’s recommendations that the new bridge be placed at Massa chusetts avenue instead of East Capitol street. He said the Com missioners’ proposal would disrupt the comprehensive thoroughfare plan for the city if carried out. Engineer Commissioner Gordon R. Young was quick to point out that the report prepared by Mr. Nolen represented a staff study and was not the feeling of the planning commission itself. The planning commission postponed until its next meeting any action on the bridge sites after a stormy session last Thursday. Mr. Nolen’s report today was an amplification of his contentions at that meeting. The Commissioners last month released a detailed study showing the need of a new bridge over the Anacostia River and recommended the East Capitol street location as well as an additional bridge across the Anacostia between the present spans at Eleventh street (Ana costia) and Pennsylvania avenue (Sousa). In addition to the Massachusetts avenue span, Mr. Nolen’s report recommended two additional bridges north of the present Benning Bridge, one near the end of M street and the other near South Dakota avenue at the northeast corner of the arboretum. The main arguments of each side follow: _ ♦ _ Nolen Sees Savin? in Cost. Mr. Nolen’s report said the esti mates for the East Capitol Street Bridge ran as high as $12,000,000. It contended that the Massa chusetts avenue bridge could be built at half that cost, leaving additional funds for other bridges. The Nolen report said the pro posed East Capitol Street Bridge has these “principal ramifica tions” : 1. It defers ideflnitely, if not permanently, the Massachusetts avenue bridge. 2. It implies the elimination of the Fort Drive bridge as a vital link in this inner circumferential route. Would Channel Traffic. 3. It proposes to channel the combined traffic on the Balti more - Washington Parkway and the Annapolis Freeway across the New York avenue bridge, thereby forcing thte Constitution avenue connection through the Arbore tum. 4. It also proposes to eliminate the previously planned Baltimore Washington Parkway crossing connection to Constitution avenue by construction of a route through the Arboretum. 5. It proposes for the first time a new bridge between the Penn sylvania avenue and Eleventh street bridges without having con sidered any of the approach prob lems. 6. It not only changes the thor* oughfare plan in each of the fore going instances but also the func tional characteristics of much of this plan for the eastern part of the city. 7. It divides the Sport Center (National Guard Armory area) into several segments separated by large embankments and large volumes of through traffic. Takes Issue With Estimates. 8. It bottlenecks Kingman Lake, materially changing its original concept in the Anacostia Park plan and its usefulness as a facil ity for Sports Center activities. Mr. Nolen’s report took issue with District Highway Depart ment estimates of the traffic vol ume expected in the area to be served by the East Capitol street bridge. The report said that the increase in automobile registra tion in the area by 1980 would be 100 per cent instead of the 200 per cent estimated by the High way Department. This “casts doubt” on the need for the two bridges the Highway Department recommends, namely the East Capitol street bridge now and one later between the present Eleventh street and Pennsylvania avenue spans, Mr. Nolen’s report said. Boy, 12, Hating Chores, Stabs His Baby Cousin By th» Associated Press ALTURAS, Calif., Oct. 31— Twelve-year-old Dale Jennings didn’t like doing household chores so, he told probation officer E. R. Server, he turned his wrath on his 18-month-old cousin. Dale is being held in the Mo doc County jail while authorities Investigate the stabbing and beat ing of Tommy Rightnour, infant son of Mrs. Jessie Rightnour. Mr. Server said the baby was found Saturday night in a hay stack suffering from an abdomi nal stab wound and a beating. Tommy was given a 50-50 chance to recover. Dale was picked up at a ranch 20 miles away. Mr. Server said Dale admitted the attack, explaining he was “mad” at the Rightnours, with whom he lived. No charges have been filed against Dale, son of Oreeley Jennings, of Shafter, Calif. His mother is dead. Rattlesnakes are dangerous from the moment of their birth. Young Attacks Estimate. Gen. Young said: ‘‘The statement that three other bridges could be built for the cost of the East Capitol street bridge has no basis. No up-to-date esti mates have been made of either the East Capitol or the Massa chusetts avenue bridge, nor do I know of any estimates whatever on the other bridges.” In the original study released by the Commissioners, the East Cap itol street bridge was estimated to cost about $10,000,000. The Commissioners asked the planning commission to eliminate from further consideration the Massachusetts avenue bridge, stating the ‘‘weight of factual data overwhelmingly favors the exten sion of East Capitol street over the Anacostia River as the proper location of the new bridge.” Experiment Cited. Experiments by the District planning analysts and traffic en gineers of the Bureau of Public Roads indicated that motorists’ waiting time on the Eleventh street, Pennsylvania avenue and Benning bridges, the three spans over the Anacostia River now, was excessive. The South Capitol Street Bridge, which is scheduled to open in December, will relieve conges tions on the Eleventh Street and Pennsylvania Avenue Bridges, the Commissioners’ study said. It will continue to provide adequate serv ice to the area south of Fort Dupont Park for some time to come, it said. But the Eleventh Street Bridge would be overloaded again by 1953 and the Pennsylvania Ave nue Bridge by 1967, the report said. The proposed East Capitol street span would establish direct highway connections over routes now lightly traveled and through areas in which conflict with other major traffic flows can be avoided, the study said. 11th Street Overloading Seen. In justifying location of the new bridge at East Capitol street, the Commissioners said that the pro posed Massachusetts avenue bridge would serve a comparatively low volume of traffic while the Eleventh street span remained hopelessly overloaded. A bridge at East Capitol street would completely satisfy the de mand in the northern section of that area and permit the entire problem to be solved by three new bridges—the East Capitol span, an Eleventh street and Pennsylvania relief span, and a Washington Baltimore Parkway span north of Benning road, the Commissioners stated. Norfolk Costuming Plant Damaged by Blaze By the Associated Press NORFOLK. Va., Oct. 31.—A spectacular fire heavily damaged the Gates Theatrical Costuming Building at 312 Boush street to day. The fire, which apparently started in a storage room on the second floor of the three-story brick building, had gained con siderable headway before it was detected by a passerby. ’49 DODGE Immediate Delivery • Pull deliver; _ mm price, 6 - pass. O M ^^k sedan Including A MM ■ ■ *— de luxe equip- w#l Bgl ment, o n 1 — M _ ■ $1,875! “T U • 9-;ear. 86.- ■ 000 mile guar- •»..... . an tee! Liberal DOWN t rad e - In for w TT n your cart | LEO ROCCA c Dodge-Flymouth Direct Factory Dealers 4301 Cons. Am. EM. 7900 School That Rejected 50 Million Endowment Offered Financial Aid By the Associated Press NATCHEZ. Miss., Oct. 31.— Admirers of Jefferson Military College are offering' financial aid to the proud but poor little prep school which turned down a $50, 000,000 endowment. Wealthy George W. Armstrong, sr„ who tendered and then with drew the $50,000,000 endowment offer, said he would seek a uni versity in Texas for "white Chris tians only.” Trustees of the 147-year-old Mississippi school rebuffed Mr. Armstrong’s offer when they learned he desired the school to teach “superiority of the Anglo Saxon and Latin American races.” Manufacturer Sending $5,000. Mr. Armstrong said he expects to leave his Mississippi plantation today for a visit in Port Arthur and Fort Worth to discuss plans for establishing an “Armstrong University.” A Houston ice cream manufac turer. meanwhile, said he was for warding $5,000 to the financially strained school to meet a bank note. Nathan J. Klein, donor of the $5,000, said in Houston last night: “The college has been on a non denominational basis for more than 100 years, teaching Jews and Gentiles alike. I wanted to make it possible for them to continue this.” Son to Resign. Allen J. Armstrong, son of the Texas magnate, said because of the failure of his father’s plans for Jefferson Military College, he would resign today from his posts as trustee and business manager. A spokesman for the school said the National Conference of Christians and Jews sent a tele gram saying: “You have the profound grati tude of the people of our country for refusing to prostitute your col lege and make it a propaganda center * * * thank God American colleges and universities are not for sale.” B Nai B'rith Lodge Here Wires $100 to School Argo Lodge of B’nai B’rith to day wired $100 to the Jefferson^ Military College near Natchez, Miss., to start a move toward help ing the school. Harry C. Weschler, president of the Argo Lodge here, wired the school that he hoped the $100 would be the “first spontaneous acknowledgement of our Nation’s gratitude for your courageous re sistance to temptation so that you may promptly receive adequate financial support from all true Americans which your splendid institution rightfully deserves.” Buses (Continued From First Page.) came from the Pentagon—through channels — during the morning session. Ben Strouse, vice president and j general manager of station > WWDC, which supplies the pro- j grams, told the Commissioner he had talked with the Civil Defense Liasion of the Defense Depart ment. and that they "were ex tremely enthused about transit1 radio. Col. (R. S.) Stanford re quested that I supply him with the complete list of cities in which there is transit radio.” Mr. Strouse said. Dr. Overholser was called to the stand by opponents of the radios, but during his testimony he was aked if he would advise the board whether to continue or to stop the music he said that he did not feel he was qualified to give such advice. It was the psychiatrist who gave the hearing today its lightest touches. Answers in Light Vein. In response to a question from Franklin S. Poliak, ardent oppon ent of the radios. Dr. Overholser testified that a noise will interfere with the ability of individuals to read or converse. “Will it also interfere with the ability to think?” Mr. Poliak asked. “Insofar as that pastime is in dulged in,” Dr. Overholser re sponded, and the audience tittered. Dr. Overholser went on to state that, assuming normal hearing, some persons are relatively im mune to noise while other are easily disturbed. "You can shut your eyes,” Dr. Overholser pointed out, "but not your ears.” Most People Are Normal. “Does this apply to music?” Mr. Poliak asked. “Any noise. Some violently dis like music of some sorts. That’s the basis for many efforts to re move noise in industrial plants,” was the reply. “Are there normal individuals who have these objections?” Mr. Poliak wanted to know. “Yes,” Dr. Overholster replied. “Even a psychiatrist will admit most people are normal.” Dr. Overholser went on to ex plain that although the fre quency of subjection to a dis turbing factor determines some what the harmfulness of the sit uation, tolerance is substantial in human beings. "Some city people are kept awake in the country by the silence,” Dr. Overholser said. Civilian Defense Aid Stressed. Mr. Strouse pointed out the importance of transit radio as it could be used in a phase of civilian defense. The witness, while on the stand, did not elaborate on the ways transit radio could be used. Later, however, he gave reporters a list which he said had been men tioned to him by Col. Stanford. These included: 1. Instructions to driver and passengers to abandon vehicles. 2. Instructions to drivers to leave routes and head for the outskirts. 3. Transit radio could, for prac tical purposes, be virtually con verted to two-way radio by issuing instructions on the air for drivers of certain vehicles by tele phone from the nearest phone to receive specific instructions. The first testimony today came from two officials of Station WWDC and one of them, Mr. Strouse, told the commission: “We leaned over backward to try to be perfectly fair in the survey.” Questioned by Thomas Dowd, radio station attorney, as to the motive behind the entrance of radio into the transportation field, Mr. Strouse said “The pri mary motive was a commercial venture. No commercial venture has any chance of success with out the interest of the public.” Program Log Introduced. The first witness was Norman Reed, program director of WWDC, who has the responsibility of checking the daily music list sub mitted by Muzak, Inc. He testi fied that the station has a regu lation limiting commercial an nouncements to six minutes in any one hour. "This,” he said, “has been fol lowed consistently.” The program log of Thursday. October 13, was introduced in evidence and showed over the 12 hour FM broadcast to Capital Transit vehicles contained 87 commercials and 31 sustaining, or public service announcements. The commercials ran something like this: “It’s turkeys again at the market.” “How would You like to be a man without a country?” “A thing of beauty is a joy for ever.” “It’s not far to enjoyment when you stop at the -.” "Mothers—every day is sale day at -baby store.” Musical Selections Listed. The station log also showed 199 musical selections played dur ing tne 12-hour period also. They included: “We Could Make Such Beauti ful Music Together” and “I’ll Never Smile Again." The hearing was adjourned shortly before noon until 10 am. tomorrow. When the hearing is concluded, WHY NOT? It costs no more to park at the Capital Garage New York Avenue batwaan 13th ant 14th the Commission will have the job of studying all the evidence pre sented by attorneys and volun teers from the audience, plus a mass of figures released by Capi tal Transit as results of a public opinion poll before handing down a decision. Its findings will not be final and appeals may be taken through legal channels. The transit company has equipped 212 of its 1,700 buses and streetcars with the FM radio re ceivers, for which it receives $6 per month for each set from Washington Transit Radio, Inc., and Station WWDC. If it receives a favorable PUC ruling, the system plans installa tion of receivers on all except about 200 of its streetcars and buses, the commission was told Friday by E. Cleveland Giddings, vice president of the transit com pany. Kentucky Attack Suspect Shot Dead by Farmer By the Associated Press MONTICELLO, Ky„ Oct. 31.—A young Negro, sought by a 200 man posse in connection with an assault on a 12-year-old white girl, was shot to death by a farm er yesterday. Bryan Keeton reported to Sher iff Joe Burnett that he discov ered the Negro, Sam Sloan, jr., sleeping in an unused farm build ing. He said he asked Sloan to surrender but had to shoot him when the youth made a move to ward his gun. The sheriff said he had placed no charges against Mr. Keeton but would follow whatever legal procedure is necessary. The girl was attacked when she and three companions, two boys and another girl, were stopped Friday night on their way home from church. They reported the boys were ordered to leave their auto and one girl was attacked while the other remained in the auto. County Attorney W. c. 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