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Britain and Canada
Open Talk With U. S. On Customs Difficulty Representatives of the United States, Britain and Canada are meeting here today in the first of a series of discussions aimed at smoothing out some customs technicalities facing a foreign ex porter who wants to sell goods in this country. The talks began at 11 a.m. with a warm-up meeting at the Treas ury Department, in which the visiting experts were greeted by Undersecretary of the Treasury Edward H. Foley, jr„ and Customs Commissioner Frank Dow. Later this afternoon, the first working session is to get under way at the Customs Bureau, 1512 H street N.W. Treasury officials emphasized the talks will be strictly confined to the “technical level,” and have nothing to do with the question of lowering this country’s tariff barriers to foreign products. They are designed to inform American officials about the diffi culties British and Canadian ex porters encounter in the red-tape snarl of United States customs procedures—and to give British and Canadian officials a better understanding of those procedures. One possible outgrowth of such discussions, it was said, is legis lation designed to simplify the United States customs system, removing some of the principal technical barriers to the influx of foreign goods. It is expected that similar talks will be held in the next few months with other countries fac ing similar problems in their dealings with the United States, the Treasury Department an nounced. Labor (Continued From First Page.) steel supplies. The move affected two Chevrolet and one Fisher Body plant in Flint. General Mo tors was expected to put some of its factories on a four-day week starting today. Pennsy Income Declines. 3. Nash Motors announced last Saturday it would suspend as sembly of cars at its two main plants in Wisconsin about the middle of November because of steel and coal shortages. That Would affect about 12,000 workers. 4. The Pennsylvania Railroad reported today that the coal and steel strikes have chopped $21, 000,000 from the road's earnings this month. For the first nine months of this year the railroad reported a deficit of $1,573,635, j compared with a net gain of $20,- j 441,156 for the same period last year. 5. Violence in the coal fields was reported over the week end. Two coal truck drivers in the Clearfield County area in Penn sylvania said they were fired on. Alabama authorities said they re ceived a telephone warning that a gang would try to free four men arrested on a charge of ambush ing a coal truck. The threat did not materialize and the men were out of jail on bond today. Coal Talks May Be Brought Here. Government conciliators, mean while, showed signs of centering attention more actively on the coal strike. Cyrus W. Ching, Federal mediation head, continued to strive for an agreement in the steel strike, but it was reported that Federal officials will call the coal talks to Washington. Mr. Ching was represented as feeling that something must be done this wreek to spur the coal j contract talks to a faster pace.! John L. Lewis, United Mine Work ers chief, hinted last Saturday that he might call out the 80.000 anthracite miners and 20,000 min ers west of the Mississippi to join the soft coal strikers. Nego tiations between the mine union and Northern and Western opera tors have been broken off entirely by the operators. The pension aspect and other Issues of the steel controversy were debated last night by Secre tary of Labor Tobin and Her man W. Steinkraus, president of the United States Chamber of Commerce. Tobin Denies “Moral Issue.” Mr. Tobin declared that the presidential board's findings, ac cepted by the union, were fair. Mr. Steinkraus blamed the strike on the union. He said more time should have been given to study of the “complex question.” He suggested that both parties come to Washington to work out a pen sion plan with the help of Gov ernment officials. Mr. Tobin said he thought there was no “great moral issue” in volved, and he added: “If a steel company official en joys an employer-paid pension of $50,000 a year, I can’t see why there is any objection to employer paid pensions for the rest of the industry’s workers.” Mr. Steinkraus said Mr. Mur ray’s insistence on employer-paid pension-health insurance would remove the incentive element from the American economic system. He compared it with what is happening in England. Under an employer-paid insurance system, he said, “every individual would be a kept woman or a kept man.” CIO (Continued From First Page.) of this (left-wing) group that they are not serving the interest o fthe Communist Party in this convention will satisfy this dele gation.” • The convention opened: frith the CIO tom wide open by file worst factional war in its history. Top UE Officers Absent. Mr. Murray said there was no way to reconcile the differences between the pro-Communist and a RED FEATHER PROCESSION—Depiction of a pedestrian struck by an automobile—signifying the importance of community hospitals ready to serve in such emergencies—was a feature of the Community Chest Federation’s “surprise” d owntown parade today. —Star Staff Photo. anti-Communist groups in the CIO. “They are deep and fundamen tal,” Mr. Murray said. He described some of the prac tices he said were carried out by! the left-wing elements, then con cluded with: "Certain definite, constructive constitutional changes designed to put an end to these practices in CIO will be offered. It is my hope that this convention will respond to the recommendations of your committees when they are placed before you on this subject.” Harry Bridges, president of the longshoremen and outspoken left winger. had no comment on Mr. Murray’s remarks. Donald Hen derson, head of the Food, Tobacco and Agricultural Workers, said he would reply on the convention floor—possibly later today. The three top officers of the im portant United Electrical Workers were absent at the opening ses sion. They are President Albert J. Fitzgerald, Secretary-Treasurer Julius Emspak and Organization Director James J. Matles. No ex planation was given for their ab sence. Battle Already Under Way. Casting out of the left-wing unions would not necessarily mean shearing off the nearly 1,000,000 members of those unions. Plans are ready to move in fast and set up rival right-wing units in the contested fields. The action, if It actually occurs at the convention or just after the five-day conclave, will touch off drives to recapture the left-wing’s rank-and-file membership for the CIO. That weuld be certain to be resisted—possibly by creation of a third labor federation, even though such a step is pooh-pooed by the left-wing leaders now. The slam-bang organizational warfare already has begun. That is part of the reason for a last minute weakening of the left wing front. Mr. Bridges and leaders of the United Electrical Workers made llth-hour appeals to Mr. Murray to give them a face-saving way to remain in the CIO. Mr. Mur ray listened in private, but pointed to the convention floor for the answer. Three Most Likely to Go. The three unions most likely to be booted out are the United Elec trical Workers; Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers, and Farm Equipment Workers. Merger of the electrical and farm unions last week gave the rightists one more argument for removing those two unions, because the farm equipment union almost a year ago had been ordered by the CIO Executive Board to merge with Walter Reuther’s United Auto' Workers. The other unions are Bridges’ Longshoremen, the Marine Cooks and Stewards, the American Com munications Association, the Food, Tobacco and Agricultural Workers; Fur and Leather Work ers, Furniture Workers, Fishermen and Allied Workers, United Pub lic Workers and United Office and Professional Workers. After Mr. Murray’s keynote speech Secretary of State Acheson was scheduled to address the dele gates. Hoffman (Continued From First Page.) would have a multitude of helpful consequences. “It would accelerate the devel opment of large scale, low-cost production industries. It would make the effective use of all re sources easier, the stifling of healthy competition more diffi cult.” Mr. Hoffman said it was his “considered request” that the Marshall Plan countries have by early 1950 “a record of accom plishment and a program which together will take Europe well along the road toward economic integration.” Concrete Results Needed. Hinting that the United States was going to demand concrete re sults from its aid funds, Mr. Hoff man continued: “The people and the Congress of the United States, and, I am sur^. a great majority of the peora of Europe have instinc tively felt that economic integra tion *b essential if there is to be an end to Europe’s recurring eco nomic crises. “A European program to this end—one which would show real promise of taking this great for ward step successfully—would. I strongly believe, give new impetus to American support for carrying through into 1952 our joint effort toward lasting European, recov ery.” Mr. Hoffmap's speech climaxed numerous recent demands that Europe do something more posi tive toward unification while the American aid program is still in effect. As Mr. Hoffman spoke, the OEEC Council had on its agenda a British proposal for all member states to eliminate trade quotas on 50 per cent of their commerce with other members. Asian Aid Plan Proposed. An American official disclosed here yesterday that United States experts are drawing preliminary plans for a Marshall Plan in Asia designed to help halt the spread of communism in the Orient. He predicted that the project would win support in Congress. The pro jected program would not involve as large an outlay of money as the system of American aid now func tioning in Europe. Early estimates contemplate a request to Congress next summer for $1,000,000,000 to $1,250,000,000 for the first year of the proposed Asia program, said the informant. Smaller requests would taper off the program in the next two or three years, just as it is intended to ease off Marshall Plan appro priations for Europe. The informant said;the experts believe the following countries should be invited to participate: India, Pakistan. Ceylon, Burma, Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines and perhaps In donesia and Viet-Nam, the In dochinese state recently given in creased self - government by France. Emphasis would be placed particularly on aiding those countries which have the Chinese Communists at their doorstep. Chest (Continued From First Page.) avenue N.W., and the final parade will begin November 23 at Con necticut avenue between I and K streets N.W. Police Supt. Robert J. Barrett has cleared orders for all four Community Chest demonstrations, with a different route for each leading from the point of assem bly to the Washington Hotel, where the Chest’s report lunch eons are held. First Report Doe Today. All the drive’s major units were to bring in their first returns, in cluding those in the five nearby communities covered by the Chest Federation. The units are: Gov ernment, Business I (large firms). Business n (small firms), resi dential, advance gifts, Alexandria, Arlington, Prince Georges, Fairfax and Montgomery. A sizeable group of Washington business firms was expected to re port completion of solicitation. Some Government units were ex pected to report 100 per cent of their quotas already achieved. Thousands of churchgoers yes terday heard appeals from the city’s clergy to give generous sup port td the drive. Pastoral Letter Read. The Most Rev. Patrick A. O’Boyle, Archbishop of Washing ton, addressed a pastoral letter to all Catholics in which he declared that the drive’s Red Feather sym bol “should also mean to Catho lics the traditional color signifying Christian charity — love of God and love of neighbor.” Archbishop O’Boyle’s letter was read in all Catholic churches. “The purpose of the Community Chest—the assistance of the poor, the helpless, the aged and the handicapped—is a forceful recom mendation and an impelling mo tive for its support by all of our Catholic people,” declared the archbishop. “The motive becomes even more compelling,” he continued, “when we realize that the Community Chest Fund substantially assists many who, as St. Paul says, have a special demand on our charity as members of the ‘household of the faith.’ Personal Service to Christ. “A contribution to the Commu nity Chest campaign is an expres sion of your charity toward your fellow citizen, and without such charity our Christian civilization cannot survive; it is an indorse ment of the primacy in our com munity-living of the religious con cept of life. “In urging you to support this campaign,” the letter concluded* “I ask you to keep uppermost in your minds this thought: you are not merely partaking in a laud able civic effort, but yoi» are ren dering a personal service to Christ Who identified Himself with every needy person, ‘For I was hungry and you gave me to eat; I was thirsty and you gave me to drink; I was a stranger and you took me in; naked and you covered me; sick and you visited me.' May your response to Christ's plea merit His promise of reward: ‘Come, blessed of my Father, take possession of the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.” Toledo Man Kills Wife, Drives To Detroit to Reveal Slayings sy trim Aiiocigita mu DETROIT, Oct. 31—A Toledo businessman, enraged by his third wife’s interest in teaching music, beat her to death with a hammer early today and then fatally wounded her mother. Tossing aside the hammer, he jumped in his car and raced to Detroit to tell his daughter about it. He was stopped twice on the way for speeding and released when he told officers he was “on a very important errand.” The 67-year-old building ma terial salesman, John A. Harding, was held here for Toledo police. “I couldn’t resist it,” he told Patrolman Walter O’Dell of Grosse Pointe Woods. “I’ve had the im pulse for weeks.” Officers in Toledo, notified by authorities here, rushed to the big, rambling Harding home. They found Mrs. Mildred Harding, 46, dead in her bedroom. Nearby was her mother. Mrs. Maude Thomp son, critically injured. Mrs. Thompson died at 5 a.m., in a Toledo hospital. When Harding arrived at Grosse Pointe Woods, an elite Detroit suburb, he aroused his daughter. Mrs. Robert Goodhand. “He seemed breathless and de pressed,” she told police. "He started to tell me something and finally blurted out, ‘You might as well know. I’ve just killed Mil dred and her mother. I hit them with a hammer. I'm pretty sure they’re dead.” Mrs. Goodhand was a daughter of one of Mr. Harding's earlier marriages. By the time police officers called by Mrs. Goodhand came to the house, however, Harding had grown calm. Thanks Police. “Thank you for coming, gentle men.” he said. “I’m very sorry at getting you out so early. But this is important. I killed two people in Toledo—my wife and her mother.” Under questioning by Mr. O'Dell, Harding said he had mar ried his wife 16 years ago, just at JOHN A. HARDING. Reveals double slaying. MRS. MILDRED T. HARDING. Killed by hammer blows. —AP Wirephotos. the time she was gaining promi nence as a pianist and violin teacher. Harding said he had become frenzied over his wife’s devotion to music and her lack of interest; in him. “I’ve gone to doctors and I’ve talked about it and I’ve tried to get rid of it.” he said. “I thought it was gone. But it broke out today.” He gave this description of the killing to O’Dell: "It's been hell for 16 years. She was so busy I thought she was giving me the brushoff. I’ve had an impulse to kill, not her partic ularly, but any one. Came Back With Hammer. "Last night we went to a movie. It was the first time she had been out with me in weeks. We got back and she went up to go to bed. I followed her up and some thing she said, that I didn’t hear very well, led me to think she might be cheating on me. I thought that would explain her coolness. “I went down and got the ham mer out of a tool drawer in the pantry. I came up and she was in bed reading. I held the ham mer behind me until I got beside her. Then I struck her on the head. "Her mother came in from another room. I didn’t have-any thing against her mother. She had lived with us for three years and there wasn’t any unpleasant ness because she was there. But when I saw her I let her have it, too.” Harding came to Detroit, he said, because Mrs. Goodhand had “a smart husband who might have good advice to give me.” On the way he stopped at Tem perance, Mich., and awakened his son Robert. He told him and his wife, "you won't know what I’ve done until you see the papers to day.” “I’m relieved,” he told Ralph Garber, chief assistant prosecutor. "I’ve been suffering for a long time. This wouldn’t have happened if she had been a good wife. But I feel relieved now, even if I burn for it.” Harding owns several buildings in Toledo. His wife was widely known as a popular radio enter- , tainer as well as music teacher. She conducted her music classes at their home. Laborer Freed After Quiz In Park Slaying of Boy Release of a 48-year-old laborer n the Harrison M. Walker mur der case left police without an apparent lead today. The colored man was arrested Saturday in Snows court N.W., near the home of the 8-year-old colored boy whose body was found in Rock Creek October A. Police wanted to check on his move ments the day of the murder and thereafter. Satisfied that he could throw no light on the crime, police let him go yesterday. The British Empire is the world’s biggest producer of cacao, with Brazil second. A perfect deuert for your portiei, family dinner* or a tpeclal treat. Your friondly Breyer Dealer ha* thete lee Cream Eclair* ready far yee new ... to don't wait. They're tupor-deliciaiM ... really ten tat ton ell Made his fdeas add upf No convincing William E. Freeman of Atlanta, Georgia, that a shop helper can’t make himself new opportunities— today especially! Even with time out for three years’ Navy duty in the war, Freeman worked up from truck repairman in 1939 to a supervisor’s job with H. W. Lay Co. in 1946. He kept a sharp eye out for opportunities for plant improvements. And he made his ideas work! Without a high school diploma, he taught himself about machine layout^ processing, packaging. For Freeman it all added up to a key executive's spot. Today at 37, he’s plant engineer and he got there on his own! m . - * ILL FREEMAN would be the first to tell you he’s no exception; you’ll find folks like him on every Main Street in the country. Folks who today are opening up “new frontiers” for themselves in the American “do-it-yourself’ spirit. They’re making their own energy and ideas add up to a better life for themselves and their families—and for America! An example of the strength of this do-it yourself spirit is all around you: 78 million Americans, wanting to take care of their own on their own, are providing for their wives and children through life insurance. Their life insurance serves ^another way, as well. It indirectly makes opportunities for more jobs, for better schools and high ways ... for better living. These oppor tunities come from life insurance dollars invested in industry and government, in homes and on farms. ' Since life insurance does so much for so many, more and more people turn to it every year. While life insurance must grow to meet their needs, the business remains a personal business, too. For each of the country’s 150,000 trained life insurance agents giv-' '-is individual service to the men and * in his community. These Agents 1 .t 584 individual life in surance cc.^anies competing actively to help Americans help themselves! m fa±/5et... It’s a fact that the earnings on life insur ance assets are of direct financial impor tance to every policyholder... because: • The premiums you pay do not cover all the costs of insuring you. • Income earned by the investment of life insurance assets pays part of the cost. Out of each dollar of total income of all life insurance companies, about 80# now comes from premiums and about 20# from invest ment earnings. • If the rate of interest available on prudent investments were higher, the cost of life in surance to you could be lower. Life insurance is a service! Your agent is trained to help you use it most effectively. The Institute sf Life Insurance—central source of information—60 East 42nd Street, New York 17, N. Y.