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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 01, 1949, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Cloudy and windy with possible rain to
day. Clearing tonight with lowest around
40. Tomorrow fair and warmer in after
noon. (Full report on Page A-2.)
Midnight, 54 6 a.m. _._48 11 a.m. _._49
2 a.m. 52 8 a.m. ___48 Noon_48
4 a.m. 50 10 a.m. 48 1 p.m. 47
Lote New York Morkets. Page A-19.
Guide for Readers
Pass
After Dark-A-15
Amusements --B-10
Comics_B-18-19
Editorial _A-10
Edit. Articles-_A-ll
Finance -A-19
Fate
Lost and Found, A-S
Obituary _A-12
Radio _B-19
Sports_A-16-17
Women's
Section_B-3-6
An Associated Press Newspaper
97th Year. No. 300. Phone ST. 5000
*★ WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1949—FORTY PAGES.
City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday. S1.20 a Month; when 6 K f'lTT'W'nHC!
Sundays. SI .30. Nlgnt Pinal Edition, 51.30 and S1.40 per Month. J. kj
40 FEARED KILLED IN MID-AIR COLLISION
OF AIRLINER AND P-38 NEAR AIRPORT HERE
■ ______* -
Blasts and Fire
Rock Offices of
FCC, Hurting 11
Hundreds Flee Blaze
On Top Floor of
Post Office Dept.
(Pictures on Page B-l.)
Fire and a aeries of rumbling
explosions that sent dense white
smoke pouring from the roof
shook the $11,000,000 main build
ing of the Post Office Department
today. It sent hundreds of Gov
ernment employes fleeing into the
street.
Seven firemen were taken to the
hospital, four other persons suf
fered cuts and burns and at least
three persons were trapped until
rescued.
The blaze began shortly before
10 am. in the transformer and
master switch room of the section
occupied by the Federal Commu
nications Commission on the top
story of the eight-floor building on
Pennsylvania avenue between
Twelfth and Thirteenth streets
N.W.
It was so stubborn that firemen,
summoned by three alarms,
fought almost two hours to bring
it under control.
FBI to Investigate.
Hundreds of pieces of paper,
many believed to be valuable FCC
records, were blown through win
dows or otherwise lost in the tur
moil.
Employes-©# the Post Office De
partment, FCC and several other
agencies in the vast structure fled
the building. Postmaster General
Donaldson hastily left his office
on the third floor.
While the blaze was confined
to the eighth floor, smoke and
water took a heavy toll of dam
age. The explosions also caused
heavy property damage on other
floors by hurling plaster from
ceilings and walls and shattering
glass panes in windows and doors.
The Federal Bureau of Investi
gation announced it would send
agents to the scene to determine
“if there were any Federal viola
tions’’ involved in causing the fire.
Firemen Taken to Hospital.
The. following firemen were
taken to Emergency Hospital:
Donald Corrigan, 37, of 1730 D
street N.E., of truck 1 company.
Brought in unconscious, but re
vived and treated for a lacerated
scalp and cut left ear.
John Harris, 33, of 127 Ana
costia road S.E., of rescue squad
No. 2, brought in unconscious, but
revived and treated for injuries
to his right elbow and knees. He
said he had been thrown down a
long stairway by the explosion.
Richard Jamison, 24, of 1315
M street N.W., of truck 1 com
pany. Treated for cuts on his
face.
James L. Kish, 32, of 13-A
Hillside road, Greenbelt, Md. He
was still under examination at
the hospital early this afternoon.
Man Saved by Respirator.
Sergt. Joseph 'Mattore, 36, of
2718 Minor avenue S.E., attached
to No. 13 Company. Dr. W. B.
Claudy, Fire Department surgeon
In chief, said Sergt. Mattorie
might have died if a hand respira
tor had not been applied for 20
minutes at the scene of the fire.
At the hospital he was treated for
as injured shoulder.
George Dearner, 40, of 4729
Twentieth street north, Arlington,
Treated for a severe cut on his
right thumb.
Quenth Cyras, 29, colored, of
1905 Maryland avenue S.E., a
member of No. 7 Engine Com
(Continued on Page A-6, Col. 4.)
Police Seek Girl, 13,
Missing Since Sunday
Police were asked today to as
sist in finding Lucille Hill Garey,
13, who has been missing from
her home at 1925 Park road N.W.
since 4:30 p.m. Sunday.
Her mother, Mrs. Thomas P.
Garey, said the girl left home at
that time to visit a girl friend half
a block away, but never showed
up there. She was last known to
have been seen going to a drug
store at Mount Pleasant and Irv
ing streets N.W., shortly after
leaving home.
Large for her age. the girl at
tended Deal Junior High School.
Her father, a civil engineer with
the Army in Tokyo, is expected to
arrive Thursday to help in the
search. She is the Careys’ only
child.
The girl was described as 5 feet,
B inches tall, weighing 130 pounds,
with brown hair and blue eyes.
She was wearing a wine colored
coat, dark green corduroy skirt,
white blouse, white socks, mocca
sins and a green Japanese scarf.
She was carrying a wallet con
taining at least $15.
Sprint to Avert
Takeoff Crash
Kills Jet Pilot
By th« Associated Press
INDIANAPOLIS, Nov, 1.—Test
Pilot James L. Younghans sprint
ed 500 yards across an airport
runway yesterday and averted a
possible accident—then died of a
heart attack ft*ihort time later.
The 34-year-old senior jet test
pilot for Allison Division of Gen
eral Motors notiAd another jet
pilot ready for a takeoff across
the field. The steps on the plane
had not been retracted.
Mr. Younghans ran across the
field and halted the takeoff. Air
port attendants said a serious
accident could have resulted if the
plane had been taken up.
The veteran pilot, a native of
Cincinnati, complained of being
short-winded after the incident.
He died shortly after he arrived
home. The widow and two chil
dren survive.
Steel Peace Seen
As Bethlehem
Signs Contract
Fairless Offers New
Parley; Others Due
To Fall in Line Soon
By James Y. Newton
The Government today looked
for an early end of the month-old
steel strike, with other companies
expected to follow the lead of
Bethlehem Steel Co. in signing a
pension-insurance agreement with
the striking CIO United Steel
workers:
Bethlehem’s 80,000 employes al
ready were reporting, to work on
the heels of the peace pact signed
in Cleveland last night which pro
vided, among other things, mini
mum pensions of $100 a month
for workers with 25 years’ service
who wish to retire at 65. The
company is the Nation’s second
largest steel producer. It broke
the solid front of industry resist
ance to the free pension demand
of Philip Murray, head of the CIO
and the Steelworkers.
One Federal official said he ex
pected other steel producers to
begin lining up today, pen in hand,
ready to sign the agreement with
the CIO which would put their
mills in operation for the first
time since September 30.
Fairless Offers to Renew Talks.
Benjamin F. Fairless, president
of the United States Steel Corp.—
giant of the industry—offered to
renew contract negotiations and
said “of course, we will study the
Bethlehem settlement.” The com
pany was awaiting a reply from
Mr. Murray.
Mr. Murray was given a stand
ing ovation as he talked about
the steel settlement from the
platform of the CIO convention
in Cleveland today. He described
the steel shutdown as “the most
magnificent strike in the history
of labor” and urged the rest of
the industry to “come along” and
sign up with his union.
“I use this platform to invite
the recalcitrant steel companies
to come along now and negotiate
a Bethlehem agreement with us,”
Mr. Murray shouted to the cheer
ing convention delegates. “It
now is the duty of the balance of
the industry to settle.”
Break in Coal Possible.
There was reason for hope,
officials said, that the steel pact
would break the deadlocked soft
coal negotiations and perhaps pro
(See STEEL. Page A-4.)
BODY OF PLANE CRASH VICTIM REMOVED FROM RIVER-BANK WRECKAGE—
Soldiers and Virginia flreme* are pictured carrying the blanket-covered body of
one of the dead passengers away from the scene of the shattered Eastern Air
Lines plane. The wreckage lies only a few feet from the bank of the Potomac
River where the airliner crashed after 11b mid-air collision. The scene is near
Potomac Yards._ ^—AP Photo.
Electrical Workers Leave CIO
Convention; to Withhold Dues
Challenge From Left-Wing Spearhead Due
To Get Quick Answer From Philip Murray
Sy the Auociated Preti
CLEVELAND, Nov. 1.—The Unit
ed Electrical Workers, spearhead
of the CIO’s rebellious left wing,
today announced it liras withhold
ing any further dues to the CIO—
a certain first step toward its
ouster.
In a defiant statement accusing
CIO leadership of following a
"program of raiding, union-bust
ing and red-baiting hypocracy.”
Albert J. Fitzgerald, electrical
worker president, said the next
step “is up to the CIO.”
U. E. delegates walked off the
convention floor shortly after
wards. Mr. Fitzgerald said they
Power Failure Disrupts
Dayton and Nearby Towns
By Associated Press
DAYTON, Ohio, Nov.’ 1.—A
power failure disrupted service
throughout 6,000 square miles of
the Dayton Power & Light system
for an hour and 34 minutes today.
The company services 279 com
munities in 24 counties of South
western Ohio, including Dayton,
Washington Court House, Wil
mington, Urbana, Marysville,
Piqua, Eaton, Sidney and Green
ville.
The electricity went off at 9:09
a.m. and came back at 10:43.
The cause of the failure, which
paralyzed operations in the com
pany’s entire system, could not be
determined immediately.
The company serves 241,000
urban residents and 39,000 rural
residents plus 32,000 commercial
and 1,600 industrial customers.
This industrial city of 275.000
population, noted for its produc
tion of automobile parts and ac
cessories, was paralyzed during
the power shutdown.
Phone Operators Stay on Job,
Handle All Calls Despite Smoke
The five telephone operators of
the Post Office Department today
refused to leave their board despite
smoke billowing into the room.
Because the women stayed on
the job, the assistant director of
personnel and two mechanical
employes stayed with them to make
constant checks on whether they
were in imminent danger.
They were the only postal em
ployes to remain in the building
minutes after orders went out to
evacuate the structure, according
to Harold W. Bresnahan, assistant
director of personnel.
"I told them to close the board
and leave,” said Mr. Bresnahan,
"but they felt that under the cir
cummstances their first duty was
to stay. They stuck right through
it The only way we could have
gotten them out was to carry
them.”
Mrs. Delcie Mitchell, the chief
operator, said simply, "the board
was too busy to leave.”
The operators were deluged
with calls. As soon as the first
flash hit the radios, families of
employes started calling in. Calls
came from other agencies and
from people who were just curi
ous.
Because of the smoke, he said,
the windows had to be opened
and the coatless women sat at
the board with the cold air flow
ing in.
In addition to Mrs. Mitchell, the
women who stayed at their boards
were Mrs. Agnes Robinson, Mrs.
Estelle Johnson, Mrs. Thelma
Hall and Mrs. Elsie Dyer.
The two electricians who kept
constantly checking the battery
operated board to warn of danger
were George Hiesley and Calvin
McAyer.
The sixth-floor switchboard of
the Federal Communications Com
mission was endangered by water
seepage and telephone plant men
were sent to operate it on an
emergency basis.
were going home. U. E. officers
have not been attending the con
vention although delegates were
there.
There was little doubt that
Philip Murray, CIO president,
would accept the challenge quick
ly. The groundwork for removing
the U. E., which Mr. Fitzgerald
says pays dues for 450,000 mem
[ bers, was laid by constitutional
i changes approved last night for
action by the CIO convention to
day or tomorrow.
Eleven other so-called left-wing
unions also face ouster by the CIO,
i but Mr. Fitzgerald said it would
!' ' (See CIO, Page A-4.) ~
4 Powers Agree on Cutting
War Criminal Prison Costs
By th« Anociated Pres*
BERLIN, Nov. 1.—A rare show
of East-West agreement promised
today to cut the huge prison costs
of Rudolf Hess and his fellow war
criminals for Berlin taxpayers.
Under an austerity program
drafted by the Soviet, American,
British and French wardens, the
German servants at Hess’ prison
will be reduced from 58 to 20.
The inside maintenance staff of
17 will be trimmed to 13.
Hess and six other Nazi big
shots, convicted of war crimes at
Nuernberg, are the only convicts
in Spandau Prison in West Berlin.
The city government com
plained recently that it was made
to pay 450,000 West marks ($107,
100) a year for “occupation costs”
of Spandau, although the seven
Nazis could have been confined in
an ordinary jail for a total of
8,000 marks ($1,904) annually.
Lord Milford Haven fo Wed
Mrs. Simpson in January
The marriage of the Marquess
of Milford Haven and Mrs.
Romaine Simpson, will take place
at a yet unannounced date in
January at the home of Mrs.
Simpson’s mother, Mrs. Clark
Mcllwaine, 2029 Connecticut ave
nue n.w. ‘
This was disclosed last night by
Mrs. Mcllwaine. It had been re
ported previously that the wed
ding would be held this month,
but this was never confirmed by
the couplq. Lord Milford Haven
and Mrs. Simpson now are in New
York.
German Reports Finding
Uranium in West Reich
By ttw Auociatad Pr»s*
HOF, Germany, Nov. 1.—A Ger
man engineer claimed today to
have found traces of uranium ore
deposits in the American zone of
Germany, negr the junction of
the Soviet zone and Czechoslovak
borders.
This was the first report of
uranium being discovered in
Western Germany.
Selection of Sherman
For Denfeld's Post
Is Still Uncertain
Admiral Arriving Here
Today as Others Are
Mentioned for Job
BULLETIN
A Navy plane bringing Vice
Admiral Forrest P. Sherman
from New York to Anacostia
Naval Air Station landed at
Baltimore, Md., with engine
trouble today. Anacostia offi
cials said it would arrive there
around 2 p.m.
By John A. Giles
Vice Admiral Forrest P. Sher
man. who once before helped to
produce an accord in a military
unification row, was due here to
day for conferences over bitter
Navy differences which led to the
ouster of Admiral Denfeld as
Chief of Naval Operations,
Admiral Sherman was sched
uled to arrive at the Naval Air
Station in Anacostia this after
noon.
Navy Secretary Matthews or
dered Admiral Sherman to Wash- j
ington. Expectations were that the j
Admiral would be chosen as Ad-'
miral Denfeld’s successor but as
his arrival neared there was some
disposition toward caution in such
speculation.
Although Admiral Sherman was
called in from his Mediterranean
Fleet command, nothing has been
said officially in the last few days
to support reports that he will be
Admiral Denfeld’s successor. This
indicated that a final decision has
not been reached.
Conferred Several Times.
It is known, however, that Mr.
Matthews conferred with Admiral
Sherman several times last month,
and it was believed he probably
was called here for a talk with
the Secretary and possibly Presi
dent Truman before a decision
is made.
The lack of any official an
nouncement since Admiral Den
feld’s ouster last ^Thursday indi
cated that it was possible Admiral
Sherman was being brought here
as a compromise maker. That is
the role he played in 1946 when
most of the Navy was fighting
passage of a law to unify the
service.
Pentagon sources said that
there might have been a change
in plans since Admiral Sherman
headed for Washington and these
reports served to bring additional
admirals into the speculation for
the appointment.
One prominently mentioned was
(See SERVICE FIGHT, Page A-6.)
Maryland Auto Crash
Kills Two Women
By the Associated Press
DARLINGTON, Md., Nor, 1.—
Two unidentified women 'Were
killed last night when their auto
mobile collided with a truck- on
U. S. route 1, 4 miles south of
this Harford County town.
State police said the truck
driver was not injured.

Wedding Touches Off
Meat Strike as Loader
Goes on Honeyihoon
§t *K» A«wckil*d frw
ROMFORD. England, Nov,
1.—A wedding led to a strike
here.
Jack Murton, a meat load
er, got married and went off
on a three-day honeymoon.
His three fellow loaders at
the wholesale meat supply,
depot asked for a substitute.
Refused, they struck.
The area’s meat ration is
standing unloaded.
Chest Workers Help
To Curb Communism,
Mrs. Meyer Asserts
Residential Solicitors
To Hear Noted Cartoonist
At First Meeting
More than 350 women leaders
in the' Community Chest cam
paign were told today that in
their house-to-house fund-raising
they are helping to defeat com
munism.
The solicitors heard Mrs. Agnes
E. Meyer, civic leader and writer,
at the Chest’s first Residential
Unit luncheon at the Mayflower
Hotel.
Mrs. Meyer, in a prepared ad
dress, called the women solicitors
for the Chest “the1 shock troops
of democracy and the real de
fenders of Our freedom.” Build
ing a better community by giving i
to others “constitutes-a more pow
erful answer to the challenge of
authoritarian governments than
military preparedness; however
essential force may h? £* count4r*j
act force,” she assertemk.
Strong Nation Urged.
“If we are going to make our
Nation strong enough to carry the
heavy responsibilities which con
front us at home and abroad, it
can only be done by mending the
cracks in our own social structure,
and making our cities, towns and
villages good, orderly, happy
places in which to live,” the
speaker declared. Mrs. Meyer is
the wife of Eugene Meyer, board
chairman of the Washington Post.
Asserting that because of the
District’s lack of self-government,
private welfare agencies here are
“all the more important,” Mrs.
(See CHEST. Page A-6.)
5,000 Seek Clemency
For Slayers of Gandhi
By th» Associated Prn*
NEW DELHI, Nov. L—Nearly
5,000 persons in Bombay Province
have appealed to India’s Gov.
Gen. C. Rajagopalachari, to
commute the death sentences
against N. V. Godse and N. D.
ARte, who are scheduled to hang
November 15 for the assassination
of Mohandas Gandhi.
One group of petitioners con
tended that Gandhi, as the apostle
of non-violence, would not have
tolerated the idea of hanging his
own assassins.
New York Democrats
Cautiously Predict
Victory for Lehman
Muddled Situation in Race
For Mayor May Be Factor
' In Election Next Tuesday
By Gould Lincoln
Star Staff Correspondent
NEW YORK. Nov. 1.—New York
voters will receive the answers to
a number of questions when they
go to the polls next Tuesday to
elect a United States Senator—
either Senator John Foster Dulles.
Republican incumbent, or former
Gov. Herbert H. Lehman, the
Democratic challenger.
First among them is the Demo
cratic trend of last year which
retained President Truman in of
fice and elected a Democratic
Congress, still operating? Sec
ond, has President Truman’s per
sonal strength with the voters di
minished during the last year and
third, what will be the chances of
the Truman “Fair Deal” legisla
tive program in the second ses
sion of the 81st Congress?
Feeling about the outcome In
the two camps may be described
as follows: The Republicans are
hopeful, but not confident; the
Democrats are confident, but not
sure. Most of the professional
observers here give Mr. Lehman
the edge, but concede that there
are so many angles that a Dulles
victory is by no means an impos
sibility. They are referring to the
mixed-up mayoralty fight in New
York City, where the Liberal
Party is supporting Mr. Lehman
for Senator and at the same time,
Newbold Morris, Republican-Fu
siog^tandidate for Mayor, while
tl|Fradical American Labor Party
has Representative Marcantonio
as its candidate for Mayor and
is urging the ALP members to
concentrate on Mr, Marcantonio
and forget all about the1 Senate
race.
Barden Bill Controversy.
They are referring, too, to the
antipathy which some of the
Catholic voters are reported to
have for Mr. Lehman, growing out
of the fact that Mr. Lehman
rushed to the defense of Mrs.
Eleanor Roosevelt in the con
troversy between Cardinal Spell -
(Continued on Page A-3, Col. 1.)
The Star Offers
Classified Customers
Three-Way Service
Star classified ads may be
ordered in any one of three
convenient ways.
Orders are taken at The
Star lobby business counter, at
any one of 85 branch offices
in the Metropolitan Washing
ton Area, or by telephoning
Sterling 5000.
Ad{ for daily editions must
be received by 9 p.m. the pre
ceding night. Deadline for
Sunday is 2 p.m. Saturday.
Daily and Sunday branch of
fice deadlines are one hour
earlier.
George Bates,
House Member,
Was Passenger
Wreckage of Craft
Strewn Along Banks
Of Potomac River
At least 40 persons were
believed killed today in a
specatcular mid-air crash of
an Eastern Airlines DC-4
from Boston and a P-38 mili
tary plane a mile south of
National Airport.
In New York. Eastern Airlines
announced that Representative
George J. Bates, Republican, of
Salem, Mass., was a passenger.
He is a member of the House
District Committee and the Mil
itary Affairs Committee.
Another possible passenger was
Helen Hokinson, whose cartoons
on club women appear in the
New Yorker magazine.
Fifty-three passengers and crew
were aboard the airliner. The Red
Cross reported many removed to
hospitals, but most were believed
dead.
An hour after the crash, shortly
before noon, 25 bodies had been
pulled from the airliner wreckage,
strewn over an area 300 yards each
side of Mount Vernon Memorial
highway on the Virginia bank of
the Potomac River near Potomae
Yards.
20 Ambulances on Scene.
More than 20 ambulances, har
bor police and naval rescue craft
converged on the scene. Bodies
were taken to the Alexandria
Armory for identification.
Eastern Airlines identified the
plane as flight 537 from Boston,
but did not immediately know
how jnany were aboard. Wit
REPRESENTATIVE BATES.
Aboard crashed plane.
—Harris-Ewing Photo.
nesses who saw bodies floating in
the river estimated the dead at 40.
The plane was coming in for a
landing at about 300 feet when it
collided with the lighter plane,
identified as belonging to the Bo
livian Air Force. The Bolivian
Embassy said the plane was pilot
ed by Eric Rios Bridoux, director
general of Civil Aeronautics, who
was testing the plane preparatory
to purchasing it. One source said
he left the wreckage alive.
Dragging Efforts Start.
First witnesses at the wreckage
saw no signs of life. A baby was
seen among the bodies floating in
the river. Dragging efforts began
immediately in the search for
bodies.
Most of the huge four-engine
transport was strewn over the
highway and bank, but part of
one wing was said to'have crum
bled into the river. The under
belly of the plane was ripped
open. The jet plane fell into the
river and overturned, its wheels
visible above the water.
P. M. Clifford of Washington
told of seeing the crash.
“I was driving south when I
suddenly looked up,” he said. “I
saw a ball of fire and a trail of
(See CRASH, Page A-3.) ’
I Passenger List |
A partial list of passengers
aboard the transport included
only the names of persons re
portedly boarding it in Boston,
They are:
Bound for Washington:
Representative George Bates,
Republican, of Massachusetts.
Mr, P. McKluski.
Mr. L. Isgur.
Bound for Richmond:
Dr. Prank Randall.
Bound for Charlotte. N. C.:
Mr. Damiel.
Bound for Atlanta:
Mrs. P. Williamson.
Mrs. Perkins.
The crew of the DC-4 follows:
George Ray, captain.
Charles R. Hazelwood, pilot.
Oscar Qrihuela, flight attendant.
Helen Gilbert, stewardess.
sa

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