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Some sun and rather windy today. Pos sible showers with low about 40 tonight. Tomorrow partly cloudy, high near 50. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 48 6 a.m. —45 11 a.m. —.48 . 2 a.m. ...48 8 a.m. _—44 Noon_48 4 a.m. _—47 10 ajn. —.47 1 p.m. 47 Late New York Markets, Page A-19. Guide for Readers Ftft | Amusements .._C-6 Comics_D-10-11 Crossword_D-10 Editorial_A-10 Edit’l Articles, A-11 Finance _A-19 Pais Lost and round .A-3 Obituary _A-12 Radio ..D-ll Sports_C-l-3 Women’s Section_B-3-8 An Associated Press Newspaper 97th Year. No. 303. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1949 - SEVENTY-TWO PAGES. City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday, SI .20 a Month: when B Sundays. $1.30. Nlrnt Pinal Edition, $1.30 and $1.40 per Month. 5 CENTS U. S. Orders Rigid Export Curbs To Bar Reshipments to Russia; All World But Canada Affected Commerce Department Tightens Control Of Strategic Goods ly th« Associated Press The Government slapped rigid controls on shipment of strategic goods to practically the whole world today to prevent re-ship ments to the Soviet bloc. Communist China and Latin America particularly were covered by the new rules issued by the Commerce Department. Officials told a reporter the step was taken more with the idea of averting future re-shipment difficulties than because of any great current traffic in re-ship ments to Russian-dominated areas. Hitherto the department has applied these rigid controls only to Europe and adjacent areas, mostly along the southern rim of the Mediterranean. Canada Alone Excepted. The new action extends the control powers to exports to any place in the world except Canada, which has always been in a rel atively control-free class of its own, even in wartime. By strategic goods, the depart ment means for the most part in dustrial items that might con tribute to "war potential” of the Soviet. Export of military materials is rigidly controlled, too, but licenses for these are handled by the State Department. The Commerce Department handles export licenses for goods covered by today’s new rules. This gives it a chance to “screen" proposed shipments. Thus it can deny shipment privil eges where it suspects goods, ap parently destined for some non Russian area, are in fact to be reshipped to Soviet-dominated regions. Direct shipments of strategic items to the Soviet Union have been under virtual ban since March, 1948. In announcing 4be control ex tension, the department also streamlined its list of commodities covered by the controls. The aim is to end licensing for goods now considered non-strategic and also “in plentiful domestic supply." It put approximately 100 classes of commodities under the world wide license controls while simul- j taneously dropping 50 other class es of goods from the license re quirements formerly applied to Europe. The 50 dropped groups now may be shipped without li cense “in any quantity and to any destination.” Banned Products Listed. The commodity groups desig nated strategic and banned from shipment except by license in clude: Special types of puncture-seal truck and bus tires and tubes, re fined Industrial lubricating oils, crude asbestos and fibers, un manufactured mica, certain iron and steel mill products, some copper and bronze products, elec trical generators, transmission and distribution apparatus, large electrical motors, accessories and parts, X-ray apparatus, many power-driven metal working ma chine tools and parts, mining and quarrying machinery and oil field and refining equipment. Communist China could have received any of these goods—with the exception of a few held under world-wide control because of shortages in this country—under the previous requirements. Officials said actually there have been few shipments of any goods to Red China. This may merely have reflected disruption of trade with that civil war-torn country. The goods dropped entirely from license controls, no matter where shipped, include: Optical glass, glass fiber and products; pottery, several asbestos products and some abrasives; in dustrial conversion oil burners and oil-fired boilers, bauxite and other aluminum ores, platinum ore, con centrates, bars, ingots, sheets, wire, alloys and scrap, portable electrical tools and several types of electrical apparatus. Practically the only goods under world-wide controls, except in the case of shipments to Canada, were nine classes of refined oils. Car Rams School Bus; Children Escape Injury Two school children escaped Injury today when a car ran into the rear of an Alexandria, Bar croft Washington bus on which they were the only passengers, near Franconia, Va. Fairfax County police said the bus driver, Harry M. Studds, 500 block of East Alexandria avenue, Alexandria, told them he was slowing down for a stop on Fran conia road when the car struck the rear of the bus. The chil dren, whose names police did not know, were -bound for the Fran conia School. Police listed the driver of the ear as Ismael E. Diaz, 31, of Route 5, Alexandria, who was treated for cuts and abrasions at Alexandria Hospital and re leased. First Republican Heads SEC; Choice Directed by Truman McDonald, Member Of Agency Since 1934, Is Elected Harry A. McDonald today be came the first Republican chair man of the Securities & Exchange ! Commission since the agency was ; established in 1934. The election of Mr. McDonald, a member of the commission since 1947, was directed by President Truman, it was learned. He was selected by the five-man commission soon after Edward T. McCormick, a recent appointee, was sworn in as a member of the commission. Mr. McDonald, 55, was senior member of a Detroit brokerage firm when he was named to the commission. He had been active in business, political and civic af fairs in Detroit for years. In 1936 he organized a creamery com pany that became one of the largest in Detroit and, in addition, served as director of other com panies. As chairman he succeeds Ed mond M. Hanrahan, who resigned recently. The commission is composed of three Democrats and two Repub licans. Democratic members are Paul HARRY A. MCDONALD. —Wide World Photo. R. Rowen, Donald C. Cook and Mr. McCormick. The other Republican member is Richard B. McIntyre. Mr. McCormick, who has been connected with the commission since it was set up in 1934, and Mr. Cook, a Washington lawyer, were named to the agency shortly before Congress adjourned. They filled the vacancies caused by the resignations of Mr. Han rahan and Robert K. McCon naughey. Democratic Campaign For 1950 Previewed In Truman's Speech President Heading Home After St. Paul Attack On Reactionaries' G. O. P. CHAIRMAN Blasts Gov ernment Spending in Retort to Truman Speech. Page A-4. (Text of Speech on Page A-24.) By Joseph A. Fox Star Staff Corrnpendanf ABOARD THE PRESIDENTIAL SPECIAL, Nov. 4.—The Demo cratic congressional campaign plan for 1950 was out in plain view today, as President Tru man rode back toward the Capital after unrolling his Fair Deal social welfare blueprint be fore a Minnesota audience. Slamming away anew at such familiar whipping boys as the “tight little groups of selfish men,” the “reactionary elements,” and— of course—the old 80th Congress, the President told the Gopher State Centennial Celebration in St. Paul last night that the "back ward trend” of 1946, when the Re publican-controlled 80th took over, was reversed a year ago, “and I am certain that in 1950 the peo ple will express themselves again, and even more clearly, in favor of progress and against reaction.” Essentially the speech was simi lar to others the President has been making since the Pittsburgh Des Moines swing Labor Day which he jokingly conceded was “opening” the Congressional cam paign. Looks to New York Race. But there was a new pin-point ing of issues that led some ob servers to believe that Mr. Tru man was looking not only to 1950, but earlier, to next Tuesday, when New York voters decide the Dulles Lehman senatorial race. The speech was broadcast nationally by CBS. Declaring that “the policies we advocate” are based on the belief that “it is the Federal govern ment’s obligation under the Con stitution to promote the general welfare of all our people—not just a privileged few,” the President summed up: “We maintain that fanners, like businessmen, should receive a fair price for the prod ucts they sell. “We maintain that workers are entitled to good wages and to (See TRUMAN, Page A-4.) Government Girl, Chinese Clerk For U. N. Slain in New York By im Associated Press NEW YORK, Nov. 4.—Two per sons identified as a woman State Department clerk and a male Chinese employe of the United Nations were found stabbed to death today in a suite at the Hotel Alamac. The woman’s body was nude and the man’s body, sprawled across a bed beside her, was clad only in shorts, A hunting knife was found on the floor. Police said it might be a case of murder and suicide. In the woman’s pocketbook was a State Department card issued to Murhane Balkanska Zolyak. It bore the department number 113-D, division number 11,404. Czech Arrests Spread Through Provinces; Churches Warned Even Some Reds Jailed In Roundups; Gottwald Threatens Catholics •y Astoclaftd Pr«« PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, Nov. 4.—Arrests of Czechoslovak small businessmen and other middle class elements are spreading through the provinces and even some Communist Party members are being jailed, relatives of vic tims reported today. At the same time President Element Gottwald warned Roman Catholic leaders to stop what he called “anti-state political activi ties’’ if they wanted to see peace between church and state. The E&man Catholic hierachy last week bowed to government pressure and told priests and nuns to accede—with reservations—to the new church control law, mak ing them state civil servants re sponsible to the government for their salaries. Given Brief Hearings. The arrests of small business men, which began early last month with the apparent purpose of knocking out the middle class, appeared to have ceased in Prague after several thousand people had been jailed. However, in outlying cities and towns people seized in roundups were reported to be getting two year terms in forced labor camps or in uranium and coal mines. The penalties are dealt by Com munist-controlled national com mittees in summary proceedings. A Prague man reported his cousin, who joined the Communist Party 18 months ago to safeguard his job, had been seized and sent to the West Bohemian uranium mines in a “trial” lasting only four minutes. He was accused of listening to Western radio broad casts and spreading their reports. Interviewed by Correspondent. Gottwald told a correspondent from the French Communist newspaper L’Humanite that ac cord between his government and the church of Rome “Is possible only when the church hierarchy stop their anti-state political ac tivities and devote themselves to their religious mission.” The interview was distributed by the official Czechoslovak news agency. Previously Gottwald and other top government officials per sistently refused to answer even written questions submitted to them by other Western press cor respondents. The woman appeared to be about 22. A United Nations pass found in the man’s clothing gave his name as Wei Huan Kuo and indicated he was employed in the U. N. doc uments and sales division. He was about 27 years old. The bodies, each stabbed sev eral times, were found by the ho tel bell captain when he went to the 17th floor suite to find out why the telephone had been off its hook for some time. Furniture in the two-room suite was in order and there was no sign of a struggle. An occu pant of an adjacent room said he (See STABBINGS, Page A-12.) Peace Menace In Balkans Hit By U. N. Vote Albania and Bulgaria Called On to Stop Aid to Guerrillas ■y th* Associated Proas LAKE SUCCESS, Nov. 4.—The 59-nation United Nations Political Committee approved overwhelm ingly today a resolution declaring Albania and Bulgaria endanger peace in the Balkans by assisting the Greek guerrillas. The vote was 38 to 6, with 2 abstentions. The resolution was jointly sponsored by the United States, Britain, China and Australia. It also calls on Albania and Bul garia to stop supporting the Communist-led guerrillas. India and Israel Abstain. Yugoslavia joined Russia and her four satellite countries of Eastern Europe in voting against the resolution. Nations abstain ing were India and Israel. At the same time, the commit tee rejected a Russian demand for U. N. action to get American and British military missions out of Greece. The Soviet resolution was soundly defeated in separate votes on each paragraph. Powerful groups within the' U. N. worked today to try to insure a decision on the disposal of Italy’s prewar African colonies at this Assembly session. Corridor conferences and spe cial meetings of groups and blocs involved the United States, Brit ain, the Latin American countries and the Arab nations. A United States spokesman said flatly the Americans attach con siderable importance to getting a solution of the question, which was turned over to the Assembly when the Council of Foreign Ministers was unable to agree on it by September 15, 1948. Postponement Opposed. Spokesmen for all the groups agreed another postponement of action on independence demands for the colonies would be a se vere blow to the prestige of the U. N. The subject of what to do with Libia, Italian Somaliland and Eritrea is a touchy one because of the conflicting racial, political and strategic interests which con verge in the area. There is one question before the U. N., however, in which East West rivalry is overshadowed by the interest of Latin American and Arab nations in Libia and' Somaliland. The 20-nation Latin-American bloc, sensitive to both sentimental ties to Italy and the Italian minor ities throughout South America, want to ensure Italian trusteeship over Somaliland. If they don’t get their way, they threaten to upset plans to make Libia inde pendent by 1952, as desired by the Arabs. Follows Balkan Issue. The question has been threshed out at length in a special 21 nation subcommittee of the As sembly’s Political Committee. The subcommittee’s recommendations come before the full 59-nation group after the Balkan issue is out of the way. The subcommittee recommends that Libia become independent by 1952; that Italian Somaliland be guided to independence by 1959, under an Italian trusteeship; and that a special flve-nation group investigate conditions in Eritrea and report back next year, Private Pilot Lost in Fog Dies When Plane Crashes By the Associated Press WARWICK, R. I., Nov. 4.— Wreckage of a plane which circled Boston for hours in a thick fog last night was found today in a field—the pilot dead beside it. Warwick police said the plane was found by Mrs. Robert Camp bell. who lives nearby. They said the plane wreckage bore the number NC3205V—the number of the craft owned and piloted by Cleo McVicker, 46, Cin cinnati manufacturer. Mrs. Campbell reported to police that wreckage of the plane was scattered “all over” the small field.” The body of the pilot was found on the ground a few feet to one side of the wreckage. Mr. McVicker, president of the Cincy Products Co., wallpaper manufacturer, was flying from Groton, Conn., to Providence, R. I., to visit his son, Joseph, a student at Brown University. West Warwick is only 10 miles from Providence. Mr. McVicker’s plane carried only enough gas to stay in the air five hours—until about 11:30 p.m. last night. This would indicate that he crashed about that time, or shortly afterwards. Alarm Clock Rings on*BBC LONDON, Nov. 4 OF).—Listen ers on the BBC were treated last night to a sonata in D minor for piano, cello—and alarm clock. The clock sounded over the air for 25 seconds. Then an an nouncer dashed forward, whipped open the purse of Pianist Jose phine Lee, snatched out the clock and turned it off. Miss Lee car ries it around to time her prac tice sessions. If the mountain will not go to Mahomet, Mahomet must go to the mountain Drive Likely for Law To Bar Small Planes From Major Airports Chairmen of Committees In House and Senate Back Move as Result of Crash BULLETIN Three large sections of the shattered Bolivian P-38 which crashed into an airliner Tues day were raised from 25 feet of water in the Potomac today by Navy divers and crane opera tors. Meanwhile, the pilot, Capt. Eric Rios Bridoux, was reported “much improved” at Alexandria Hospital. (Earlier Story on Page A-3.) CLUES to Crash Cause Sought in Plane Equipment. Page A-3. CONTROVERSY Started by CAA “Exoneration” of Airliner. Page A-3. Legislation to ban small aircraft and converted combat planes from the Nation’s major commercial airports as an aftermath of the tragic crash at National Airport Tuesday appeared more and more likely today as the chairmen of House and Senate committees in dorsed the idea. Chairman Johnson of the Senate Commerce Committee, which is concerned with such matters, said “this tragic accident is what the committee needed to help it get some action on a matter which has deeply concerned the members for a long time. I already have a bill which will require the Civil Aero nautics Administration to provide separate airports for smaller craft which I will introduce as soon as Congress reconvenes.” Senator Johnson added that the problem of United States combat planes getting into commercial air lanes—a factor in the crash of an Eastern Air Lines plane last July over New Jersey—had been worked out by the CAA and the Defense Department and was operating satisfactorily. Crosser Urges Action. Chairman Crosser of the House Commerce Committee said that "something must be done to keep the two types of planes at'separate airports.” He reported that there was "a good deal of sentiment” among the House members for some sort of legislative action and added that the matter undoubtedly would be brought up when the committee gets together again in January. Senator Sparkman, Democrat, of Alabama, also indorsed the idea of banning combat planes from “not only National Airport but also from every other large com mercial field.” “The crash was terrible and something must be done to see that it is not repeated,” he added. Bill Calls for New Airport The Johnson bill would deal specifically with the problem here by requiring that another air port for smaller aircraft and con verted combat types be built. This disclosure brought out the (See AIRPORTS, Page A-12.) Serial Numbers to Determine Order of Gl Dividend Payment The Veterans Administration announced today that dividend checks on National Service life Insurance will be prepared and sent out in the order of the last three digits in the veteran’s serv ice serial number. Payments will begin in January, 1950. The exact date for the dis patch of the first checks has not been determined but January 15 has been Axed as a target. The plan adopted by the VA for the distribution of the $2,800, 000,000 fund to 16,000,000 veter ans was said to have been adopted as the least discriminating after a study of many methods. In explaining the system a VA District Population Up 37.7% Since 1940, Bureau Estimates 870,000 Total Gives Capital Rating As Seventh Fastest Growing 'State' The District of Columbia, with a 31.1 per cent increase in popula tion. is the seventh fastest grow ing “State” in the United States, the Bureau of Census reported to day. With an estimated population of 870,000 in the city proper—an increase of 207,000 since 1940— the District lost by a fraction of a percentage point the distinction of being the fastest growing “State” east of the Rocky Moun tain region. Florida nosed out the District with an increase of 31.4 per cent. The District went ahead of Rhode Island in the Census Bureau’s latest estimates of the population of the United States by States to gain the added dis tinction of being larger than 13 of the sovereignties that are rep resented in the Senate and House of Representatives. In the 1940 census, 12 States were smaller than the District. An earlier Census Bureau esti mate placed the poplation of the Washington Metropolitan Area at 1,400,000—larger than the popu lation of 16 States. The latest estimates showed the District is continuing its steady gain. In the survey of the Met ropolitan Area the population of the District proper was placed at I 863.000 as of July 1, 1948—7,000 less than the latest survey which covers the period up to July 1, 1949. Of the estimated 870,000 per sons now living in the city proper, 30.000 are members of the armed forces, the bureau reported. The population of Virginia in creased to 3,102,000, up 425,000. (See CENSUS, Page A-12.) Red Backer's Attempt To Buy Into Sesqui Revealed by Boykin Director Says $25,000 Check Was Tendered For Book Concession Communism is trying to crawl under the tent of the Freedom Fair and use next year’s Sesqui centennial celebration in Washing ton for its own ends, Edward Boy kin, director of the National Capital Sesquicentennial Commission, in dicated last night. Mr. Boykin said a man came to see him offering a certified check for $25,000 for the concession of publishing patriotic books and children’s comic books in connec tion with the celebration of free dom in America. “I had the FBI look him up," Mr. Boykin went on. "I learned that this man had been a leading member of the Communist Party fer 12 years. He has supported practically every Communist move ment with his money." Mr. Boykin said the man has been telephoning him repeatedly sinee then. “But I don’t talk to him," he said. $50,000 Parking Offer. Mr. Boykin’s statement was made in the course of a talk before members of the Arts Club, after a dinner at the club at 2017 I street N.W. Dr. John Thomas Kennedy, president of Benjamin Franklin University, presided. Mr. Boykin told of other offers for concessions, including one of $50,000 to run the parking facil ities on the fair grounds in Ana costia Park at the foot of East Capitol street. Then there was another certified check for $25,000 from a man who wanted the hot dog concession. “You couldn’t buy the soft drink concession to save your life,” he (See SESQUI, Page A-12.) spokesman said a veteran with the service serial number of 35 469-000 would be in the first mail ing because of the three zeros at the end of his serial number. Thus, a veteran with the last three digits reading 990 would be in the later mailings. The full serial number will have no signflcance in the order of pay ment, and neither will the num ber stamped on the return receipt card showing that the veteran’s application had been received at the bureau. In the case of veterans who had more than one serial number, VA said that their turn would be de termined by the number appear ' (See DIVIDENDS. Page A-1S.) Chest Drive Passes Half-Way Mark With $2,003,187 Reported 50.18 Pet. of Area's $3,991,719 Quota Reached in First Week BULLETIN Washington’s 1950 Commu nity Chest campaign today passed the half-way mark with $2,003,187 or 50.18 per cent of its $3,991,719 quota. Total pledges to date are 185,769, as the campaign ends its first week. (Picture on Page A-6.) Community Chest campaign leaders are hoping to pass the halfway mark today in their area-wide drive for $3,991,719 to keep Red Feather services run ning next year. Government and large-business solicitors are counted on to carry the drive to about $2,000,000 at report meetings today. Business Unit n, in its first re port yesterday, raised the cam paign total to $1,800,277 with new subscriptions of $39,532. The Business n total now stands at $62,430, 26 per cent of its $241,781 quota. The unit covers firms with fewer than 15 em ployes. Advance Gift Unit, which also reported at a separate luncheon yesterday in the Hotel Wash ington, raised its collections figure from 35 to 50 per cent of its quota. These gifts later are credited to other units. Earl Godwin, NBC announcer and native Washingtonian, was guest speaker at yesterday’s Busi ness n luncheon. Referring to himself as “an tique,” he told the gathering today’s Community Chest was non-existent when, he was a boy. “The program in those days amounted to people carrying baskets of food and buckets of hot soup to poor people on cold days,” he recalled. “Then Washington grew up and became an area with first-class problems. “Now each person is responsible for the welfare of his city. We’re doing what we can for the people who can’t particularly help them selves. From the lifetime of ex perience I’ve seen in watching Washington grow up, the Com munity Chest here has uplifted and made humanity better.” Today Business I and Govern ment units were to hold report luncheons in the Hotel Wash ington. The Residential Unit meeting, originally scheduled for today, has been canceled. Prof. Meek, 84, Dies LONDON. Nov. 4 W.—The feath of Prof. Alexander Meek, 14, zoologist and professor emer itus at the University of Durham, sras announced today. Lewis Proposes Separate Peace Pact for Illinois Acts as U. S. Moves To Call All Owners Here for Conference By James Y. Newton John L. Lewis today offered to make a strike-ending contract with Illinois soft-coal operator* independent of the rest of the In dustry and suggested that nego tiations be started tomorrow. His offer was in response to an appeal from Gov. Stevenson of Illinois, who said in a letter that because of the 47-day strike of the United Mine Workers, soft coal supplies in his State "are so low that the health of thousands of citizens is imperiled.” The Governor had addressed urgent letters seeking an end of the strike to Mr. Lewis, T. J. Gerow, president of the Illinois Coal Operators’ Association, and John D. Battle, executive secre tary of the National Coal Associ ation here. U. S. Plans to Call Operators. Mr. Lewis’ proposal for separate negotiations with the Illinois oper ators came as the Government was preparing to call representatives of all the Nation’s mine owners here, probably today, for a strike mediation conference. It was learned that Cyrus Ching, Federal mediation chief, planned to see Mr. Lewis this afternoon. The miners’ chief twice had ap pealed to the operators in Indiana to negotiate separately with the UMW, but his efforts were re buffed. Gov. Schricker of Indiana had issued an appeal similar to that issued by Gov. Stevenson. In a telegraphed reply to the Illinois governor, Mr. Lewis said he had "every desire to co-operate with you constructively and in behalf of the United Mine Work ers.” He then made the following suggestions: "Representatives of the United Mine Workers will meet forth with with representatives of the Illinois Coal Operators Association and negotiate a wage agreement for the State of Illinois, alone and independent of any other State, with the expectation that tenta tive agreements thus negotiated can be approved by the mine worker’s Policy Committee Mon day afternoon in Chicago and the miners of the State resume work next Tuesday. Suggests Two-State Agreement. "Second: If your excellency and Gov. Schricker would desire, our representatives will meet jointly at once with the representatives of the Illinois coal operators and the Indiana operators and attempt to execute a two-State agreement, with the same procedure and with the hope that work could be re sumed Tuesday.” Mr. Lewis added that the nego tiations could be started tomor row afternoon “and the parties could work intensively over the week end in an attempt to ac complish the desired results.” The UMW chief then suggested that both Gov. Stevenson and Gov. Schricker should sit in on the negotiations and “act as mod erators and representatives of the public interests.” In his letter to the coal indus try officials, Gov. Stevenson said: “In many private homes coal bins are entirely empty, causing actual physical suffering and distress in some instances. Coal reserves at many public institutions are run (See LABOR, Page A-2.) West Coast Freighter Beached After Fire By the Associated Press SEATTLE, Nov. 4.—The freight er Andalusia radioed early today that fire had broken out in her engine room off the northwest Washington Coast but two hours later the Coast Guard reported the fire was “apparently out” and no effort was being made to abandon ship. The information came from a Coast Guard plane which flew over the stricken ship which was hard aground on Bowman Beach, four miles east of Neah Bay in the Strait of Juan De Fuca. The message said the freight er’s major danger now was from water rushing into No. 1 and 2 holds through holes received when the vessel rammed the beach. Two tugs from Port Angeles, some 60 miles away, were en route to pull the Andalusia from the beach stern first. Star Classified Ads More Economical On 3 or 7 Time Basis You will save money by or dering your classified ad to run on-a three or seven time consecutive insertion basis. 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