Newspaper Page Text
Public Sees Blunder
With Many Protests Over Denfeld Ouster Party Leaders in House Denounce Action; Called Contempt of Congress By David Lawrence When the majority leader and the minority leader of the House of Representatives both declare that a raw deal has been given Admiral Denfeld, who was re moved as Chief of Naval Opera tions because he ventured to ex press his convictions to the House Armed Services Committee, the public can rightly suspect that a blunder has been made. Representative McCormack, Democratic leader, was so indig nant when the news came out that he personally telephoned President Truman his protest. Minority Leader Martin publicly denounced the action as contempt of Congress because a witness was punished for testifying before a congressional committee. The record of published com ments by Secretary of Defense Johnson and Secretary of the Navy Matthews is evidence in Itself of tactlessness and contra diction. Loyalty Questioned. Secretary Matthews, in his let ter to President Truman, ques tioned the loyalty of Admiral Den feld to his superiors, declaring that there must be no ‘‘twilight cone" m loyalty. Secretary ‘Johnson then de clared, in a telegram to the late Representative Bates of Massa chusetts, that Admiral Denfeld wasn’t removed because of his testimony before Congress but, in effect, because of a "lack of quali fications.’’ Mr. Matthews, in addressing the admirals and other naval of ficers at the ceremony on last Wednesday installing Admiral Sherman as the new Chief of Naval Operations, paid tribute to Admiral Denfeld and said that his new post ‘‘would provide an op portunity to round out his naval career as a statesman as well as a distinguished naval officer.’’ He added that it would "keep his valuable abilities available for the best interests of the Navy.” How can Admiral Denfeld on one day be “disloyal” to his su periors and yet the next day be entrusted with so important a post as commander-in-chief of the naval forces of the United States in European waters? The "lack of qualifications” to which Sec retary of Defense Johnson refers could hardly have been removed and the “valuable abilities” to which Secretary Matthews refers repossessed overnight. Small wonder that Admiral Denfeld is in a quandary and has taken 60 days’ leave within which he will decide whether to accept the new post or apply for retire ment, as he is entitled to do un der the law. The admiral, however, is not alone in being the victim of in nuendo and slander. For Secre tary Matthews in his speech at the ceremony at which Admiral! Sherman was installed as the new j Chief of Naval Operations said something which is being as wide ly resented today as Gen. Brad ley’s recent charge that the Navy doesn’t want “to hit the line un less it can call the signals.” Mr. Matthews pointedly told naval of ficers that they owe an obligation to the Nation as well as to the Navy—as if they had not been conscious of this obligation before. Navy Misrepresented. This is hardly the right way to speak to naval officers who have risked their lives for their coun try. The Navy today is the vic tim of misrepresentation of its position in many quarters. Not only have press dispatches called the men who testified at the re quest of the House committee "rebels,” but high officers of the Truman administration claim the naval officers are against “unifica tion” and against “the law of the land.” The Navy has been and is in favor of unification. What the Navy opposes is attempted dom ination of the armed services by the Air Force. Domination by one service, in the Navy view, is not unification but means disin tegration. The unification law does not authorize one service to carry on a campaign publicly or behind the scenes to emasculate another serv ice in the name of “strategic con cepts.” There is no authority in the law for two services to gang up and tell a sister service what weapons can be used in perform ing the missions assigned to that service. Yet that’s what “unifica tion” means at the Pentagon Building. The 34 members of the House Armed Services Committee, Re publicans and Democrats, who listened to all the recent testi mony, will never write a report accusing the Navy of blocking "unification” or of failing to obey "the law of the land”—for the simple reason that such charges aren’t true. (Reproduction Rights Reserved.) SPECIAL SUNDAY CAR WASH *1.50 No extra charge for white side wall tires, tire dressing and vacuum cleaning. K STREET GARAGE an K near 13th St. N.W. drop; HEADCOU NASAL CONGESTION & = ttStSff'SS’SW nose last You breathe / this I-drop wmy. ffNHnmosE This Changing World Hitlerism Died on Fueher’s Suicide, All Thinking Germans Now Believe By Constantint Brown FRANKFURT (By Airmail).— Hitlerism died in Germany when the Fuehrer chose to commit sui cide in his bombproof bunker in Berlin rather than die the death of a hero at the head of his SS troops in open battle with the Russians. This is the opinion of all thinking Ger mans —politici ans, ex-soldiers, p r o f e s s 1 onal men and un employed la borers. The Kaiser’s COW- Co»»t»ntin« Brown, ardly flight to the safety of the Netherlands in 1918 killed for all time the chances of the Hohen zollern family—and, for that mat ter, all ruling German families— lever returning to power in Ger many. The even more cowardly 'means of escape taken by Hitler i makes it Impossible for naziism | ever to return to power in Ger many. An Infinitesimal number of Germans still remain loyal to the Nazis, principally as a protest against the harsh actions taken by the Allies against some of those Germans who were forced to join the Nazi Party in order to keep their jobs and their businesses. But while it is unquestionably true that the Germans are not turning back to naziism, there is no question that nationalism is increasing in Germany by leaps and bounds. Still Have Their Pride. It is inconceivable that some 47,000,000 Germans who are still treated as inferior beings by some j of their conquerors would react' differently, for they still have more than a spark of pride in them. For the present the Ger mans express their pride in their exertions to reconstruct their country, which was the most dev astated in Europe. Whether by accident or design Allied bombers did a more thor ough job of destruction on Ger man educational, religious and cultural institutions and monu ments than they did on the fac tories which were producing war implements. In Frankfurt, for in stance, several churches and the two national theaters were de molished while the IG Farben office building, occupying several blocks in the heart of the city, was left intact. The same thing applies to the few large German cities I have visited. Berlin is little but ruins and it will take billions of dollars and many years of hard work to make it a city again. Yet the Siemens-Suckert electrical works were so little damaged that they are able to function at nearly full capacity again. The Germans are disciplined people who have learned to take their medicine over centuries of war. When they have conquered they have been merciless in im posing their will. When they have lost they have had no reason to expect better treatment than they meted out to their enemies. At this time their nationalism is manifested in a determination to go ahead and rebuild their country. In the last 12 months politicians have sprung up here like mushrooms after a rain. They fight each other at the polls and in their parliament. They sell their political wares to the elec tors in an effort either to win or keep public office, just as in West ern countries. But none of the political parties attempts to inter fere with the reconstruction of the war-damaged areas or makes ex aggerated promises that under their leadership life will become easy and pleasant. Neighbors Fear Power. German nationalism may or may not develop into something different from what Germany’s neighbors — particularly the French, British and Belgians— fear today. The Western Euro peans maintain that once the Germans have reconstructed their cities and their industries they will become once more the aggres sive power they were in the past. Americans, 4,000 miles away, view the situation differently. If German nationalism is manifested by a desire to work hard and be come economically independent of the American feed bag, which pours $1,200,000,000 a year into this country, so much the better for the hard-pressed American taxpayer. Even the most optimistic ex ponents and supporters of the Marshall Plan admit now that after American aid officially ends in 1952 it will be necessary to con tinue to support Western Europe’s economy with at least another billion a year. German nationalism, as it ap pears now, aims only to restore Germany's shattered economy and to revive the Reich’s foreign trade so that when 1952 arrives Germany will be as near as pos sible to self-support. France, Britain and Belgium fear this economic revival more than they do the possibility of German re armament and the rebirth of Ger man militarism, which at present is dormant. The 'Nebraska Idea’. Nation-Wide Republican Primary Urged To Have People Decide Party Policy By Thomas L. Stokes The continuing debate among Republicans aft to what the party can do to re-vitalize itself and win a presidential election is en livened by the a p p r o a c hing off-year and special elec tions which project politics back into the limelight. An interest ing and provoc ative contribu 11 o n is offered from the Mid dle West—by Raymond A. McConnell, jr., e d i t o r of the u *‘,k" Nebraska State Journal of Lin coln, which commands attention as it proposes expansion on a na tional scale of an experiment he promoted in his State last year which attracted notice all over the country. This “Nebraska idea" was the presidential primary authorized by the State in which all leading candidates for the nominations were entered, whether they con sented or not, and which drew out an unusually large vote for a primary election, indicating wide popular interest. In Nebraska, unlike other States where presi dential primaries were held, the voters had a choice of all candi dates, instead of only those who chose to submit to a test. Such primaries were held in only 14 States in 1948, and very few were binding. People and Party Policy. In a series of editorials in his newspaper, Mr. McConnell sug gests a similar Nation-wide pri mary in which the people will have a chance to express their preferences for presidential can didates and thus, by this vote, will themselves reveal their desires as to party policy. With particular reference to the Republican Party’s problem of policy and direction, the Nebraska editor rejects the theory that what the party needs is to adopt a set of principles, arguing that “no nine, no 900, no 9,000 Repub licans ... can agree with another nine or nine thousand on how to spell out such a set of principles.” The reason they can’t is "simply that the issue today between con servatives and proponents of the service—or welfare—state is not clearcut between black and white, but simply one of where to draw the line on the extension of gov ernment activity.” Instead of a few leaders at the top trying to formulate party policy and principles, which can’t bring agreement anyhow, he says the process should start at the other end, from the bottom, that “the job should be turned over to the people themselves,” that is, rank and file party members. As for operation of a Nation wide presidential primary for the Republican Party he explains: "In a presidential year the party would hold its national convention in January or February, Instead i of June. Instead of nominating a candidate for President, it would nominate any and every presi dential possibility who could mus ter, say, 25 per cent of the con vention votes. “The names of these would g:o on a ballot to be cast In a na tional primary or party plebiscite to be held in the spring, after the candidates had fought it out for popular favor in true democratic fashion. Fighting it out for votes, the candidates would adapt their views or their campaigning meth ods, or both, to what they con ceived to be the popular conserva tive mold. People Would Dictate. “This is the process in which the people would dictate the direc tion and tempo of their party, for the winner in the elections or plebiscite would then appear at the final national convention in June to make his acceptance speech and to preside over writing of the platform and the organiza tion of a campaign in accord with the popularly-endorsed views.” Recognizing objections of vari ous sorts, among them the cost of extensive campaigns necessary for the candidates, he suggested as to this that the party could finance these from its own trea sury and could put on a series of debates among the candidates, with national radio hookups, a modern version of the Lincoln Douglas debates. As for the mechanics, he sug gested that Congress could au thorize a uniform national prima ry for the major parties, or the States, themselves, could adopt laws for a uniform primary. Con ceding difficulty there, he pro posed the alternative of a national plebiscite through use of the party organization, itself, starting with precinct committees. The present nominating system just grew up. There’s nothing sacred about it. Many people have advocated changes through the years. j£um TRANSFER & STORAGE CO. 460 Now York Avo. N.W. NA. 1070 Export Pockinf OUR SPECIALTY 4r handbag luggage repairs QKIGINATOKS OF 30-MINUTt onr cuaninq snvict 1U1 kim TAW AIM U IW LOUIE —By Harry Hanan OFFlCt WANA6CR r®«L or net manioc.* Apathy Is Big Problem McGloy Asks U. S. People to Reserve Judgment on Western Germany Rule By Doris Fleeson FRANKFURT. — United States High Commissioner John J. Mc Cloy suggests that the American people reserve judgment on West ern Germany’s new effort at self - govern ment. He believes that the ma terials are there for transform ing Ger many into a good and peaceful na tional commu nity "but the situation is still chaotic, the position of Ber lin difficult in D#rl* rie«»». law and in fact.” “We are still dealing with a dis tressed country,” he emphasized. "It is better for us to be neither pessimistic nor optimistic yet.” Food Gap Remains. The next big problem here, he said, was the economic solution. Though the people have come back amazingly well, their stand ard of living is still appreciably lower than that of their neigh bors. A serious food gap remains to be closed and 1952. when the Marshall Plan expires, is getting close. One thought, in Mr. McCloy’s judgment, has power to pierce the apathy of the asverage German. It is the progressive steps now being taken to bring his country into a federation of Western nation®, giv ing it again a chance to live on equal terms with others. That, | said the High Commissioner, is the real offset to Communist pres sure. If it fails, he said, it is time to worry. The immediate problem with Russia, he continued, was to find a way for the eastern and western zones of Berlin to live together, get trade moving and a reasonable tolerance established. What the West will have to put up with in the way of propaganda from the Russian puppets in Berlin is something McCloy prefers not to think about. The new West German- Chan cellor, Dr. Conrad Adenauer, is a relative by marriage of Mr. Mc Cloy but his chief virtue in the commissioner’s eyes seems to be that he is a Rhinelander thor oughly imbued with the know ledge that Germany has got to work out a way of living with the French. When the Germans have satisfied the French of their ON • Diamonds • Far* • Watches ' J#w»lrv * Silverware Jewelry • Cameras * Lenses * Masical Instruments “ i*w«l I at mil Haiti osslyn LOAN ^-Qutpumf Va 2025 N Moore .Hijfno ."'fyy1 • H jjf! 9 *’ C ?rRED PELZMAN'S, 13TH fir F$ MEN ... choose your SUEDES where skins are the finest, styles are the smartest, selection the greatest Suede Jerkin-$10 Single-Breasted Sport Coot—$44.50 Wrap arounds -$55.00 Suodo Vests_$ 19.50 "Famous Suedes" peaceful Intentions, the rest will be easy. Dr. Adenauer is viewed as hav ing balance, experience and a per sonal authority which gets across to his turbulent parliament, the Bundesrat. The members heckle one another but when he speaks they listen; apparently they are willing to give him a fair try. The High Commissioner and his i staff stand in some need of the reserved judgment that he be speaks for the Germans. The British are complaining that Mr. McCloy talks too much, about stopping dismantling, for ex ample; the correspondents have felt that he did not talk with them frankly enough. Press tempers were not improved by re ports that the McCloy regime said Gen. Clay had spoiled them. Brain Trust In Evidence. These reports have been denied and regular press conferences established which appear to be going better than the initial ef forts. However the McCloy brain trust is much in evidence and in clined to take itself rather seri ously. This is a trend which al ways arouses the combative in stincts of the American press who feel that political problems of the; kind now to the fore in Germany are public property. The Germans also complain that there is rather too much of the military going-through-chan nels atmosphere and the remark that he had never seen a man with so many right hands as Mr. McCloy has is credited to Mayor Reuter of Berlin. Fortunately the High Commis sioner is no novice; he has had a stiff Washington experience, in cluding being Assistant Secretary of War during World War n. Now that the complaints are in the open he can be expected to deal with them. plainly and in good temper. McLemore Finds His Dogs Fat as Elephants By Henry McLemore It is trying on a man's nerves to live in the same house with two elephants. This is especially true when the two elephants have floppy ears, feathers on their legs, bark, and once were cocker spaniels. When we left on our tour early in the summer our two cockers, Dinah and Bumble, could have done quite well Jn a dog show, but now the only place Henry McLemore. they would stand a chance of winning a ribbon would be in the freak department of Ringling Brothers. When we are at home we always take the dogs down on the beach in the morning where they run miles chasing sandpipers and sea gulls. The fact that they have never come close to catching one has not dampened their enthusi asm for the futile chase. Ice Cream and Candy Diet. As a result of their daily chase along the sands and through the water, they managed to keep re spectable figures. While we were gone this summer the people who j were looking after the girls would not take the responsibility on the beach, lest they drown or get run over by a car. As a result, their exercise was limited to an occasional yawn while stretched out on the best furniture, or opening their mouths to swallow what must have been their strict diet—candy, ice cream, and cake. When we got back I am telling you the truth when I tell you that | they were so fat, and so lazy, that lit was a real effort for them to make the great leap from the bare floor up to the carpet, and the rugs in our house aren’t too thick. Ever since we have had them we have tried to teach them not to jump on people. Their fat has cured them of that habit. It would take a derrick to lift them that high, now. You should have seen the looks on their faces when we tried to put them back on a diet of bones, table scraps, and canned dog food. i They are strictly Whitman's Sampler and Lady Borden dogs now. Flesh Versus Spirit. The first few days we took them on the beach they had the same old desire to chase birds, but the flesh was too strong for the spirit. They looked for all the world like elephantine rocking horses. They couldn’t have caught a canary in a cage. How do you go about reducing dogs? All I know about reducing Is what I learned In the Army and Dinah and Bumble simply won’t I follow that schedule. I have tried ' to teach them to do push-ups, and go on long hikes under full Held pack, but they have refused. You should see them try to button their fur across their chests and middles in the morn ing. Only super-dog effort en ables them to get dressed for the day. I think I’ll just start feeding them peanuts and take them on tour. They must feel elephant like enough now to dance on a barrel, and pick me up in their jaws and swing me around. (Distributed by McNaught Syndicate, Inc.) Brakes Relined While You Wait Ford '39-'48 ) Q Plymouth > Chevrolet » Free Aiiuttmenti for lift of lining* Duplicate of D. C. Testing Machine CLIFT'S 611 Mrf. Are. S.W. ME. 6232 At 8th A Independence Aye. S.W. • blocks from D. C. Testing Station, en I). 8. Koutes I and SO. You are Invited To Open Your 1950 Cimstmas &at)mgg Account ]V«Wf District 2370 FIRST FCDCRAL SflVIRGS MASS'D Conveniently Locatei: 61013th St. N.W. (Bet. F & G) (Nt Branch Officet) A *°oo »ur AT. ~AT WON*» omr »&Sr*WS '«* *6at™yu SETi '*« I*? 'Mar! feather bod?*?k ***• b^ttom *0 we!ry (?° knit *obdeb CLOTBBS fob boys **7 r IT. «,nr. c FRED PELZMAN'S, 13th Cr F ; the skilled hand of master stylists create Fred Pelzman’s SUITS and OUTERCOATS 60 years of fashion leadership makes the difference Fred Pelzman’s suits and outercoats come from the nation’s master stylists. But before being added to the Pelzman line, fabrics are carefully studied, tailoring inspected down to the last detail and the Anal choice made on the basis of style. That’s where the Pelzman’s 60 years of fashion leadership makes the difference. This long experience gives each suit and outercoat chosen by Fred Pelzman the authority of a fashion expert! This year the selection is un usually large; the prices are surprisingly mod erate. As always, the Fred Pelzman label is your assurance of complete satisfaction. SUITS “They Hold the Preai” Sharkskin, coverts and line worsteds in the distinctive Fred Pelzman manner. Single and double breasted glen plaids, hairlines and solid shades. OUTERCOATS Balmacaans in both raglans and box shoulder models. Choose from a wide assortment of solid shades, herringbones, plaids and houndstooth patterns. effort $4275 to 1225 Stetson Hats... $10 to $15 Hathaway Shirts . . . from $3.95 Silk Neckwear... from $2.50 $59.50 effort $45 to $105 "Stylists to Washington Men for Over 60 Years"