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Japan's First Nobel PrizeWinner
Does Heavy Thinking in Bed ■' •.••.■•aw.v■•av.v.v.v . v\. •. ■Mlw.w.-.w w. iva I Gen. Eisenhower, president of Columbia University, con gratulates Dr. Hideki Yukawa. —AP Wirephoto. By th« Associated Press NEW YORK, Nov. 4.—Dr. Hide ki Yukawa, Japan's first Nobel Prize winner, says he does most of his heavy thinking in bed. The shy, retiring 42-year-old physics professor from Tokyo yes terday won the $30,000 prize for his theoretical work in nuclear •cience. He is a visiting professor of physics at Columbia University on leave from the University of Kyo to in Japan. Among the first to congratulate him was Columbia’s president— Gen. Eisenhower. “We are proud and happy to have you on the faculty,” Gen. Eisenhower said with a smile and a handshake. Flustered at News. Dr. Yukawa was flustered when he first heard the news from Stockholm, Sweden, where the Swedish Academy announced its decision. He hoped it wouldn’t disrupt his class—but the univer sity dismissed it for the day and the congratulations poured in. | His prize-winning achievement was the discovery of the meson; at the age of 28 by means ofj theoretical mathematics. The ’ meson is one of the queer parti cles that make up the nucleus of an atom, and acts as a binding force to hold the other particles together. Its discovery helps ex plain the tremendous energy locked in the nucleus—the same energy that devastated the Japa nese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki when it was liberated In the atomic bomb. Dr. Yukawa described himself as an “unconventional thinker.” "My best ideas come to me at night,” he explained. Ideas Come at Night. “I work hard at my desk or teaching all day. I do what I call my ‘conventional thinking’ then. But at night I usually find myself spending two or three of the eight hours I am in bed think ing “unconventionally”—that is, along research lines. “It was while lying in bed deep in thought one night several years ago that original ideas about the meson came to me.” Although Dr. Yukawa hasn’t decided what to do with his $30, 000, he will go to Stockholm De cember 10 to accept the prize in the presence of Swedish royalty, statesmen and international sci entists. During his stay at Columbia, Dr. Yukawa is living in an apart ment near the university with his wife and two sons, who are at tending high school. Mrs. Yukawa was a Japanese classical dancer, and the scientist, who was bom Hideki Ogawa, took her name on marriage. It’s an old Japanese custom, although not universal. Dr. Giauque IsUndecided On Going to Stockholm BERKELEY, Calif., Nov. 4 (&). — Dr. William F. Giauque, 54, parried questions yesterday as to whether he would go to Stockholm to receive formally the Nobel prize In chemistry. “I’ll have to wait around and see what happens here,” he told re porters. "I am very happy about it, but I am not the kind of person who jumps up and down when something like this happens.” Uppermost in his mind is a new laboratory where he will extend his research into the behavior of matter at extreme low tempera tures. With the announcement of the award, the University of Cali fornia disclosed that it had set aside $500,000 for construction of the new laboratory. The plans - Mutual, E at 9th N.W. - WE ARE SPECIALISTS IN TROUSERS OR SLACKS to match or contrast your coat SPORT MODELS - PLAIN MODELS ALL SIZES - ALL SHADES Our enormous stocks and variety of fabrics makes it easy for you to choose the pattern you want. Mutual Stores *FAMOUS FOR VALUES IN MEN'S WEAR" Cur. E Street at 9th M.W. were made and the money was earmarked long before it was known that Dr. Giauque would re ceive the high scientific honor, the university said. The new laboratory will include as its main feature what is in tended to be the strongest magnet in the world. Great magnets are used as auxiliary tools in reducing the temperature of substances to the region of absolute zero, or 459.6 degrees below zero Fahren heit. It will take at least a year to build the laboratory and get It into operation. Dr. Giauque is noted for sticking close to his work. Sometimes he works at night and through week ends. Dying Child Granted Plea To See Jailed Father By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS, Nov. 4.—Pleas of a dying child opened prison doors for her daddy yesterday. Shortly before she died, 7-year old Connie James saw the father she had been crying for repeatedly. With the help of Sister Lauren cia, a night hospital supervisor, Otis James was released on his own $1,000 bond and taken to the hospital by United States deputy marshals. He had been held in Orleans Parish prison for Federal authorities on an auto theft charge. Connie had been ill for four rears with a kidney ailment. Canal Zone Defense Cuts Panama businessmen were dis couraged by reports that 7,000 United States servicemen and civilians would be transferred from the Cana! Zone because of defense base personnel cuts. Nehru Will Wind Up Formal Tour Today, See New York Shows By the Associated Press MADISON, Wis., Nov. 4.—Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru of India ends his good-will tour of America here today as he began it—promising little, hoping for much, but too proud to ask for a thing. In a 25-day tour that carried him 9,500 miles through this country and Canada, Mr. Nehru has proclaimed neutrality in the cold war. But he has outlined strategy which the West seems to like although Russia did not. In more than 40 public speeches he called for peace; said he doesn’t like Communism; said he finds Americans friendly and peace loving, and said India is willing to fight if aggressors imperil hu man freedom. In speech after speech he prom ised friendship to those who will respond with generous and not demanding friendship, and fair treatment to American investors willing to help his country indus trialize and reach for the pros perous economy to which It aspires. He told audiences his dollar short country needs wheat to feed the poverty-stricken masses and wants to pay for it; two big steel mills it lacks the dollars to equip; hydroelectric development and technical skills which it also lacks the dollars to buy. Firmly he said India is not ask ing for a handout but hopes Gov ernment and private investors can see a way to co-operate with his country in getting these things on terms it can afford. To Visit Einstein. He leaves for New York this afternoon to see and do some of] the things for which he had no time while he was an official guest. He plans to see some shows and visit Saturday morning with Al bert Einstein. He presumably also will confer privately with indus trialists, financiers and others who expressed interest in helping India develop. Israel has established a new agency to provide prospective in vestors with reliable information relative to Investments there. /oZd HEATER H»ti, Clrenlate., Humidifle. and Filter! the Air. Settable Jar Hr a tine Small Heme or Apt. #4539 .—..$129.50 #6540 --$149.50 Heating Equipment Wkoloaolera Co. 514 2nd St. N.W. EX. 3424 Imported English Gabardine Topcoats .REDUCED! Because of the devaluation of the English pound, we ate repricing all of our Im» ported English Gabardine Topcoats. 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