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Cloudy and cool today with highest near 55 and light drizzle this morning. Tomorrow cloudy and rather cool with chance of occasional rain. Noon_63 6 p.m.__60 11 p.m. 54 2 p.m.__63 8 p.m.-_58 Midnight 54 4 p.m.--62 10 p.m.~55 1 a.m.__55 Home Delivery The Evening and Sunday Star Is x delivered by carrier to all subscribers at $1.20 per month when 4 Sundays; $1.30 per month when 5 Sundays, Night Final edition. $1.30 and $1.40 per month. Telephone ST. 5000. An Associoted Press Newspaper 97th Year. No. 312. ★ WASHINGTON, D. C„ NOVEMBER 13, 1949—166 PAGES TEN CENTS. US' Soviet Accepted Atomic Control, Vishinsky Says Offer Made in '47 for Periodic Checks Still Stands, He Tells JU. N. PANYUSHKIN WALKS OUT at U. N., Refusing to Answer Tito Charges. Page A-3 By the Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS, Nov. 12.— Andrei Y. Vishinsky insisted to day that the Soviet Union offered two years ago to open wide its doors to international atomic control and inspection—and the offer still stands. The Soviet foreign minister firmly told the Special Political Committee of the U.» N. Assem bly, however, that Russia never would give np one bit of its soil to ownership by any international commission. Mr. Vishinsky made it clear the Russians and the Western powers speak a different language when they talk of the meaning of control. That is the nub of the atomic problem here. The Russians have proposed periodic inspection of atomic fa cilities. The West has turned this down, saying that inspection must be continuous, even to the point of inspection from the air to de termine whether any illegal plants are being built. Bomb Use Criticised. In a roundup speech on the Soviet position on atomic energy. Mr. Vishinsky also criticized American use of the atomic* bomb against the Japanese cities of Na gasaki and Hiroshima, without naming the cities. In saying that the Russians are willing to open up for atomic in spection and control, Mr. Vishin sky referred to the Soviet proposal for an International Atomic Com mission presented June 11, 1947. The Russian plan was debated thoroughly in the U. N. Atomic Energy Commission and was turned down. It went on up to the Assembly by way of Soviet proposals for a control system and was defeated there. Mr. Vishinsky said the Soviet plan has the strongest provisions for control. The Western plan, he argued, does not provide for pro hibition of the atomic bomb and for control. The Western plan has been approved by the General As sembly, 40 votes to 6. “The control organ will be able to carry out its work on Soviet territory,” he said: He asked how could anyone say the Soviet will not open up its territory. “This is, to put it very mildly, a distortion of the truth,” he said. Assails U. S. Recognition. Answering the statement yes terday by American Assistant Secretary of State John Hicker son that the West considers the Soviet proposals inadequate and without provision for sufficient Inspection, Mr. Vishinsky said this reasoning is erroneous. Gesturing as usual and shaking his head, the Soviet foreign min isters said: “There is no warrant for his stating that we refuse to open up our territory for inspection. . . . We open our doors wide to control.” Mr. Vishinsky said that w'hen the West speaks of control it means management of the atomic facilities. “We cannot, will not and never shall grant to an international ‘ (See ATOMIc7Page A-T) Polish Reds Reported Purging Ex-Leader By the Associated Press WARSAW, Sunday, Nov. 13.-r Reliable sources reported today that former Vice-Premier Wlady slaw Gomulka has been purged from the Polish United Workers (Communist) Party. These informants said the par ty’s central committee acted dur ing a three-day meeting just ended. Gen. Marian Spychalski, min ister of construction, also was re ported to have been accused of deviation from the Lenin-Stalin brand of Communism.” SpychaJ ski preceded Gen. Edward Ochab as vice-minister of national de fense. Informed sources said “search ing inquiries” are being made into the loyalties of other less promi nent party members. Soviet Marshal Konstantin Ro kpssovsky, who earlier this week was appointed Polish minister of national defense, was reported to have attended the meetings at which the purge action was taken. Prior to last December Gomul ka was secretary-general of the Communists. He was fired from his defense and party Jobs in January for “nationalist devia tionism.” Since that time he has been vice president of the Su preme Control Board, something like the comptroller general in the United States. Recent re ports abroad that he had been arrested were incorrect. Radio Programs, Page C-8 Complete Index, Page A-2 DRUCIE SNYDER TO BE A BRIDE -Miss Snyder, daughter of the Secretary of the Treasury and Mrs. Snyder, posed yesterday with her fiance, Maj. John Ernest Horton, White House aide. A popular member of Washington society, 24-year-old Miss Snyder was graduated from George Washington University and has taken a prominent part in civic life. She was queen of the President’s Cup Regatta in 1946. Her fiance is a 30-year-old Army officer who lives at 700 Manor road, Alexandria. (Story , and picture in Society Section.) —AP Photo. Ex-Official Accuses Polish Shipping Line : Of Propaganda in U.S. Also Says Company Aided In Financing Red Paper; Both Charges Denied ky th« Associated Pres* A former official of a Polish shipping line has charged—and: two top officers of the company have denied—that the line broad cast propaganda here and helped finance a Communist newspaper in the United States. The testimony, involving the | Gdynia-America Line, was taken earlier this fall and released last night by a Senate Judiciary sub committee studying proposals for new laws to block the entry of subversive aliens and to toss out any already here. One of Gdynia-America’s ships is the Batory, aboard which Ger hard Eisler, high ranking Com munist, stole away from the United States to beat deportation proceedings. Accuses Company Head. / Anthony Trzeccieski, the wit ness who leveled the propaganda charge, said the company’s presi dent went to the Polish consul general's office in New York after Eisler had made his getaway and reported: “We succeeded.” Ro man M. Kutylowski, the president, denied this. . Mr . Trzecieskl testified that Gdynia-American Line, Inc., through a parent company, is owned by the Polish government.: He also said that a purser of the line replied "Yes, we are”j j when Mr. Trzecieski asked him; I about rumors that the line was smuggling aliens into the United States. Former Purchasing Agent. His testimony, taken at a closed session, also contained the state ment that he resigned in Decem ber, 1947, as purchasing agent for the line, after being with the company 11 years, “because of the Communistic control.” Mr. Trzecieski’s testimony was (SeePOIJSH7Page~A-2.) West German Chiefs Hear Acheson Today On Allied Decisions Big 3 Dismantling Plans Awaited by Heuss and Adenauer in Bonn •y th« Associated Press BONN, Germany. Nov. 12,— West German politicians waited anxiously tonight to hear from Secretary of State Acheson what the future holds for their fledging republic. Mr. Acheson will visit President Theodor Heuss and Chancellor Konrad Adenauer in this capital city tomorrow. Black, red and gold flags of the Western repub lic festooned the city ih honor of the first visit by an official of cabinet rank from the occupation powers. So far the Germans were as much in Ihe dark as the rest of the world concerning the decisions reached by the foreign ministers of the United States, France and Britain at their Paris conference ending last Friday. Answers to Questions Sought. The Germans would like to know: Is dismantling of their factories to stop? Is the West German Republic to have a foreign minister like the East Communist Republic? What wider powers of self-rule will be given? What evidence of peaceful in tentions do the occupation powers want from the Bonn government? Will the Western Germans be rearmed to add to the defense forces or Western Europe? These are just some of the questions running through the minds of politicians here. Many rumors attempt to answer the questions. Some newspapers sounded a note of alarm at rumors that the Western powers may want to re build a German army. Stuttgarter Zeitung said Mr. Acheson should set at rest such “dreapis which (See ACHESON. Page A-3.) Admiral Gallery Says Comment On Denfeld Is 'Too Dangerous' By the Associated Press CHARLESTON. S. C., Nov. 12.! —Rear Admiral Daniel V. Gallery, author of sharply worded articles in the Navy-Air Force squabble, said today it was “too dangerous to express an opinion” on the Denfeld case. Admiral Louis E. Denfeld was fired as naval operations chief October 27 two weeks after ac cusing the military high command of waging a campaign to strip the Navy to a mere "convoy and anti submarine service.” Admiral Gallery revealed that Representative Cole, Republican, Of New York, has asked the opin ion of all Navy flag officers about Admiral Denfeld’s testimony be fore the House Armed Services Committee. Mr. Cole, reached at Elmira, N. Y., refused comment on Ad miral Gallery’s message but veri fied that he had made the request as a member of the Armed Serv ices Committee. He said he had promised to destroy all commu nications he received from flag officers and keep their contents “in strict confidence.” He added he was tabulating re plies, but would not have the count completed for several days. He said, “I consider it tragic that our military leaders cannot speak with frankness to Congress on military matters without fear of recrimination by some adminis trative authority.” The Navy said in Washington that Secretary of the Navy Mat thews has told all admirals they may give Congressmen their in dividual ideas about Pentagon policies. But Secretary Matthews must get copies. . Admiral Gallery, 48, a Chicago native, is commander of a six ship task force paying an Armis tice Day visit to Charleston. In an interview. Admiral Gal lery said he had sent the follow ing message to Representative Cole: “Replying to your telegram ask ing for my views about Admiral Denfeld’s testimony before Armed Services Committee, in view of events since admiral testified con sider it too dangerous to express an opinion.” Senators Study $2,000 Income Families' Plight 15,500,000 Would Aid Prosperity If Able To Purchase More By J. A. O'Leary More than 15,500,000 families and single individuals whose in comes were under $2,000 last year offer an untapped source of American prosperity if their needs were backed by ability to buy, a Senate subcommittee was told yes-1 terday. "Since the low purchasing j power of these families retards the economic progress of this nation, their circumstances and the effect of their status on the national economy, are now being studied", said Senator Sparkman, Demo crat, of Alabama, chairman of a special subcommittee of the Joint Economic Committee. The senator made public a mass of information gathered by sub committee staff in preparation for public hearings the week of De cember 12 on the low-income family problem. Senator O'Mahoney, Democrat, of Wyoming, chairman of the joint committee, has three other sub committees working on investment problems, fiscal policies and un employment. The fiscal policies will start Its public hearings Wednesday. The joint committee was created by the Full Employ ment Act of 1946 to keep Congress advised on the economic outlook! from year to year. Highlights of Report. Highlights of yesterday's staff report were: 1. There were 9.600,000 families and 5.920,000 single individuals with incomes under $2,000. The family groups represent 32.000,000 persons and include one-fifth of the natioh’s children. 2. Of the 9,600,000 low-income families, 6,300,000 were in cities and the remainder on farms. 3. The report suggested that “not all the families, and certainly not all of the individuals, having incomes under $2,000 can be con sidered as being in financial dis tress. Many farm families could have gotten along quite comfort ably on $2,000 cash income, where as a. family living in a high-cost city like Washington, D. C.. or New York, and having the same in- i come might have felt the pinch' severely." No Remedies Proposed. The staff which prepared the report emphasized “it indorses no prescriptions” for improving'the lot of the low-income groups. That is for the subcommittee to decide after the hearings. The report, however, suggests some of the specific questions that may be developed. For example: 1. In 1946, the report shows, 2,000,000 city families were living in houses without running water.! 2. In 1948 there were 1,700,000 urban families with incomes un der $2,000, headed by persons 65 or more years of age. Three fourths of these families were eld erly couples, and 360,000 were headed by widdwed persons. Although 65 is the age limit at which persons may retire under the Social Security old-age an nuity program, the subcommit tee staff said, “Many such people are able and want to continue to work, either on a full-time or part-time basis. And in a highly specialized economy such as ours it must be possible to find ways of prolonging their productive life; there seems to be no essen tial reason that worth-while tasks cannot be found for these people in an industrial economy, as were found for them in the simpler agricultural economy of former times.” “It is suggested that the sub committee consider ways and means'of helping these people to find a productive niche in our complex industrial system.” Food Major Expenditure. Referring to the low-income group as a whole, the report said they “have been left behind in the economic progress of America.” "They do not have many of the products considered symbolic of the American standard of living,” (See INCOME, Page A-4.) New Super-Fort Can Haul 28,000 Pounds of Bombs By th« Associated Press SEATTLE, Nov. 12.—Boeing Air plane Co. announced today de livery to the Air Force of new Super-Fortresses with a 28,000 pound bomb capacity. The new version of the wartime B-29 bombers is the B-50D. Its top speed is reported at "more than 400 mifts an hour”; its range at “more than 6,000 miles with load.” A feature of the improved plane is the alternative of carrying either external fuel tanks or bombs under the wings. A stream lined 700-gallon tank can be at tached under each wing to in crease the range. It cgn be dropped whenever the plane crew so desires. Each of the two tank fittings can be used to carry a 4,000-pound bomb when the fuel tanks are not needed. The com pany announcement said the two under-wing bombs could boost the total bomb load to the 14 tons. , fBETTCRDO VOURCHRISTMAS' I 7 SHOPPING EAMXJOHH-j Thomas Raps Sweden1 For Snub/ Plans to Oppose Further Aid Oklahoma Says Officials Took Little Notice of Senate Subcommittee By the Associated Press VIENNA, Nov. 12. — Senator Thomas, Democrat of Oklahoma, said today one European country has damaged its prospects of get ting more Marshall Plan aid by snubbing the Senate Appropria tions Subcommittee. The Senator, who is chairman of the subcommittee, did not name the country, but members of his party said he meant Sweden. Told that reporters drew the in ference he was referring to Swe den. Senator Thomas said: “If that is the conclusion they drew it is perfectly all right with me, I will not, however, go any further than my original state ment. Everyone in my party knows to which country I am referring.’’j Will Oppose Further AM In his original statement. Sen ator Thomas said when the sub-; committee “visited one country the government officials acted as if they did not know we were with in 1,000 miles of the place. . . . Any more money granted to that country will be over my protest. “The country I refer to has helped no one in the last 135 years. * * • Anyone with a military uni form on in that country is a spy * * *. They saw some easy money; and they grabbed it — now they want more.” Sweden had received $79,000,000 in Marshall Plan aid up to mid October. About half the shipments to Sweden were petroleum and pe troleum products. The rest in cluded machinery, iron, steel, chemicals and fibers. Criticism Supported. The committee, which is inves tigating how aid funds are spent, has visited Belgium, Norway, Swe den, Denmark, Germany, Luxem bourg and Switzerland, and has yet to visit Greece, Spain, Italy and Britain. A member of the grout), who asked that his name not be used, said: “We have discussed at great length the wonderful receptions we were given in Brussels, OslOf Copenhagen, Frankfurt and Bern. We have not been able to say any thing as nice about Stockholm.” The sharp remarks by Senator Thomas was the day’s top news in Stockholm. The Swedish Foreign Office after pondering the Senator’s complaints' for an hour, decided not to comment. Dagens Nyheter, Sweden’s big gest pro-American paper, said editorially: “There was no excuse for this attack on our country.” It called Senator Thomas’ re (See~THOMAS, Page A-5.) Policeman, 2 Firemen Awarded Gold Medals for Saving Lives Pvts. Minnick, Clark and Eicholtz Receive Highest Honor; Others Cited for Valor A policeman and two firemen who risked their own lives to go to the rescue of others have been awarded the highest honor the city can bestow on them—the gold medal. The Commissioners yesterday announced th4 gold medal winners as well as those whose meritorious service won them silver and bronze medals. The awards, authorized by a 1929 act of Congress “to provide recognition for meritorious serv ice,” cover the 1948 and 1949 fiscal years. > Gold medal winners for 1949 are Pvt. George A. Clark of Fire Truck Co. 4 and Police Pvt. Paul V. Minnick of the Eleventh Precinct. . The Fire Department’s gold medal for 1948 went to Pvt. Robert T. Eicholtz of Rescue Squad No.1 1. No gold medal was awarded to a policeman for 1948. The 1949 silver medal Vinner Is Police Pvt. Edwin L. York of the Eighth Precinct. The Fire Department did not have a 1949 silver medal winner. The bronze bar for 1949 was awarded to Pvt. Temple J. Dykes of the Sixth Precinct. Silver medals for 1948 were won by Fire Department Lt. Meade C. Fairall of Engine Co. 31 and Police Pvt. Gillespie B. South comb of the Tenth Precinct. All-the Police Department medal winners except Pvt. Southcomb previously have been recognized with “Policeman of the Month” citations. Winners of these (Continued on Page A-8, .Col. 1.) Chest Drive Chairman Asks 'Extraordinary' Push for Donations Many More Contributors, Larger Gifts Needed In Face of Bigger Goal An appeal for “extraordinary efforts” to carry the Washington area's Red Feather drive over the top by November 23 was made last night by Campaign Chairman Frank J. Luchs. Mr. Luchs, reporting on cam paign progress to date, warned that many more donors and a “marked increase” in the size of gifts will be necessary to make the drive a success. The chairman said there are “encouraging signs” in some units that quotas can be met, but he also pointed out that the drive is seeking to raise $550,000 more than last year and warned that it will require “renewed work on the part of all soliciting units” to achieve the increase. So far, the $3,991,719 drive has achieved $2,445,176, or slightly over 61 per cent. Some Increase Reported. Mr. Luchs reported increased numbers of subscribers in many of Washington’s larger business firms, as well as some increase in the average donation. Govern ment offices also have produced a slightly higher average gift than at the same stage in last year’s campaign. A score of Govern ment offices have reached or are nearing 100 per cent of quota, including several major depart ments. But the drive chairman added: “We are getting more donors (See CHEST, Page A-7.) Irish and Army Still Unbeaten; Terps, Hoyas Win; G. W. Loses Notre Dame and Army escaped with shock and bruises but previ ously .unbeaten Cornell and Bos ton University were wrecked in another wild weekend of college football. The Fighting Irish from South Bend ran into the flightin’ Tar Heels from North Carolina at New York and, after being held even, 6-6, in the first half, had to show their best to win, 42 to 6. Army edged Penn’s battered but gallant forces, 14-13. Maryland pushed Boston U. from the unbeaten ranks with a 14-13 victory at Boston in a game that enhanced the Terrapins hopes for a post-season bowl bid. George Washington stayed home and lost tb Duke, 35-0. Catholic University held Washing ton College to a 14-14 tie at Brookland. Georgetown man* 1 ft. . handled Denver in an intersec tional fray at Dnver, 28-13. Cornell fell victim to Dart mouth,, 16 to 7. A third previously undefeated eleven, Wyoming, was mauled by Baylor, 32-7. Princeton outlasted Yale, 21-13, to clinch its third consecutive Big Three crown and Oklahoma, ranked third nationally, crushed Missouri, 27-7, for its 18th con secutive victory and the Big Seven title. Ohio state edged nearer the Big Ten championship, trouncing Illi nois, 33-7, but Wisconsin remained in the picture with a 35-13 triumph over Iowa. Both enter tained Rose Bowl hopes. California crushed Oregon, 41 14, for its ninth win in a row and an almost certain invitation to the Rose Bowl. The teams were co champions last year. | (Details in Sparta Section) * Federal Move to Avert Mew Soft Coal Strike May Come Tomorrow Ching Works on Strategy With White House Aides; Taft-Hartley Action Seen By James Y. Newton The Government may announce tomorrow a new move in the, drive to avert another soft coal strike which John L. Lewis has set for December 1. Cyrus S. Ching, Federal media tion chief, and White House ad visers were working out their strategy over the week end. The Federal officials have a couple of alternatives immediately before them. They may invite Mr. Lewis and the mine owners to a peace conference and suggest resump Mine Union to Pay $1,420,000 in Fines Here Tomorrow By *he Associated Press CAMBRIDGE, Ohio, Nov. 12.—The 11,420,000 contempt fines against President, John L. Lewis and the United Mine Workers wjll be paid Monday, a UMW spokesman said to day. John Owens, UMW secre tary-treasurer, told a Cam bridge newsman that he will pay the fines in United States District Court in Washing ton, at that time. Mr...Owens resides in Cambridge. The Supreme Court in ef fect upheld the fines last Monday. They were imposed in con nection with Mr. Lewis’ re fusal to halt the 1948 coal strike. tlon of broken off negotiations, or they may suggest that the dis putants submit their cases to a presidential fact - finding board with authority to suggest a settle ment. But time was running out on the mediators and the only cer tain way of avoiding another coal shutdown appeared to be in use of the Taft-Hartley Act and its strike injunction provision. Before President Truman can instruct the attorney general to apply for a strike injunction he must have a report from a fact-finding board. Such Taft-Hartley boards are in the nature of a, fifth wheel so far as ending a dispute is con cerned, because a board is for bidden from making settlement suggestions. Lewis Still in New York. So the President may step in late this week and invoice the Taft-Hartley Act, since a board would require a week to 10 days in making its investigation prelimi (See COAL, Page A-4.) j Experts Probe Airworthiness Of Crash P-38 Possibility Plane Was Modified for Racing Investigated Possibility that the P-38 which cut down an airliner here No vember 1 had been modified as a racer will be Investigated fur ther tomorrow at the public in quiry into the Nation’s worst air plane disaster. Federal experts are seeking to determine the airworthiness of the war surplus, twin-engined fighter at the time it collided with an Eastern Airlines DC-4 as both aircraft were approaching the same runway just south of National Airport, killing all 55 persons aboard the airliner. During four days of testimony, it was brought out that .Capt. Eric Rios Bridoux, director of Bolivian aviation, had refused to to test fly the P-38 from Na tional until repairs had been made on radio equipment, bat tery, brakes, throttles and lubri cation system. Numerals Investigated. Capt. Rios, the only survivor of the mid-air collision, who is re covering at Alexandria Hospital from a broken back and other injuries, said in a sworn state ment he was losing engine power during his brief flight, although he did not ask for an emergency landing clearance in his communi cations with the airport control tower. Members of the nve-man in quiry panel set up by the Civil Aeronautics Board are seeking further information about the big numerals “48” on the nose of the fighter and the name “Galloway” painted on the side of the ship. Meanwhile, CAB Member Har old A. Jones, who is serving on the panel, declared the inquiry has no interest in the dispute between the Bolivian government and a Washington war surplus sales firm over who owns the wrecked fighter and who may be subject to suit in future litigation. Pol’s Denial Challenged. Paul Aubin, president of Uni versal Air and Marine Supply Co., took the stand yesterday to chal lenge the earlier denial of Maj. German Pol of the Bolivian Air | Force that his Government had accepted, delivery on the fighter. He read what he said was an agreement signed by Maj. Pol and Capt. Rios as representatives of Bolivia in which they assumed full responsibility for any damages that might result from the test flight here. In a sworn statement previously Maj. Pol declared “the Bolivian government has consistently taken the position that the plane is still the property of Universal and never became the property of the Bolivian government.” Although the extent of his re sponsibility could possibly have affected the attitude of the test pilot, Mr. Jones objected when Mr. Aubin sought to read a 7-page prepared statement on the ques tion of whether the Bolivians owned the fighter. Attorney Harold Kirk, however, argued for Universal that the Bolivian Government’s position on this issue had been received in the (See CRASH, Page A-4.) Truman Plane in Teheran To Bring Shah to America (Another article on Page C-l.) By th« A»sociat#d Pr«*i TEHERAN, Iran, Nov. 12 — President Truman’s* plane, the Independence, arrived here to night to take Mohammed Rczs, Pahlevi, the Shah of Iran, to the United States. The 30-year-old ruler will take off Tuesday for his first visit to America. As a guest of President Truman, his visit in many respects will be similar to that recently concluded by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru of India. (American officials in Wash ington said the Shah is expected to press for stronger military backing from the United States. The United States is now extend ing military and economic aid and has made plain its interest in strengthening Iran further. The Star Classified Section Is the People's Market Place Every week The Sunday Star classified section maintains its outstanding leadership in Washington. Last Sunday The Star car ried 2,821 more individual classified ads than the two other Washington Sunday papers combined. This consistent overwhelm ing vote of confidence again comes from people who know results are a matter of course when they place an ad in Washington’s leading classi fied medium— THE STAR. Phone Sterling 5000.