OCR Interpretation


Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 15, 1949, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1949-11-15/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

Weather Forecast
Sunny, high in low 60s today. Partly
cloudy tonight and tomorrow. Low to
night 40 in city and 35 in suburbs. (Pull
report on Page A-2.)
Midnight, 51 6 a.m. .—43 11 a.m. .—60
2 a.m. ..-48 8 a.m. —.43 Noon_59
4 a.m. ...45 10 a.m. .—54 1 p.m. -_-61
Late New York Markets. Page A-19.
-
Guide for Readers
Pin |
After Dark-B-13
Amusements __B-14
Comics_B-20-21
Editorial_A-10
Edit’ial Articles A-ll
Finance -A-19
Pm
Lost and Found.A-3
Obituary_A-12
Radio _B-21
Sports_A-15-17
Women’s
Section_B-3-6
An Associated Press Newspaper
97th Year. No. 314. Phone ST. 5000 *★
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 15,
1949-FORTY-TWO PAGES.
City Home Delivery, Daily and Sunday, $1.20 a Month; when 6
Sundays. $1.30. Nignt Pinal Edition. $1.30 and $1.40 per Month.
5 CENTS
Big 3 to Ease Up
On Dismantling,
Adenauer Says
Chancellor Reports to
Bonn Parliament on
Paris Parley Results
BULLETIN
Secretary of State Acheson
returned today from the Big
Three Conference in France and
his visit to Western Germany.
President Truman was at Na
tional Airport to greet him.
By the Associated Press
FRANKFURT, Germany, Nov.
15. — West German Chancellor
Konrad Adenauer announced to
day that Britain, France and the
United States have agreed to slow
down the dismantling of German
industries.
His announcement came as he
began negotiations with the West
ern high commissioners in the
hope ol relaxing occupation re
strictions on Germany.
Reports Parley Decisions.
In a foreign policy speech to the
West German Parliament, broad
cast by the Frankfurt radio, Dr.
Adenauer made this report on the
results of the Paris foreign min
isters’ conference:
1. The United States, France
and Britain have agreed to invite
West Germany to many interna
tional organizations.”
2. The Allies are considering
how to alleviate the “conse
quences” of the present state of
war between Germany and the
Western governments.
3. The Allies have agreed to al
low Germany to build a bigger
and faster merchant shipping
fleet.
4. The Allies have agreed to
allow Germany to set up trade
consulates in foreign countries.
5. The Western powers have
agreed to a certain relaxation of
dismantling of former German
war industry.
Gas, Steel Plants Affected.
Explaining the decision on dis
mantling, Dr. Adenauer said the
three Western Foreign Ministers
had agreed to slow down disman
tling of certain synthetic gasoline
plants and steel factories pending
further discussions between the
German government and the Al
lied High Commission.
Dr. Adenauer said he believed
these discussions might ultimate
ly lead to a complete halt in
dismantling, or to a big change
in the dismantling plan.
He also said the Allies had re
fused to stop dismantling of for
mer major armament industries.
Dr. Adenauer emphasized to the
(See GERMANY, Page A-6.)
Bishop Manning Takes
Turn for Worse at Hospital
ly the Associated Press
NEW YORK. Nov. 15.—Bishop
William T. Manning, 83, retired
Episcopal Bishop of New York,
took a change for the worse today.
He was reported weaker at St.
Luke's Hospital.
Dr. Albert C. Herring, attend
ing physician, examined the
clergyman this morning and
found “the bishop had taken a
change for the worse and is
weaker,” a hospital spokesman
said.
Bishop Manning served as
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal
Diocese of New York from 1941
to 1946, when he retired. He has
been a patient at the hospital
since November 4, The nature of
his illness has not been disclosed.
Worker, 24, Is Killed
By Bulldozer Boom
Walter R. Foster, 24, of 1622 D
street N.E., employed at the Som
erville Co., Si>£h and Decatur
streets N.E., was killed almost in
stantly today when a boom on a
bulldozer he was using crushed
the upper part of his body.
There were no witnesses, but
Roger De Marr, plant foreman
who discovered Mr. Foster pinned
to the bulldozer, said the latter
had apparently tried to dislodge a
board that had hooked itself in
the caterpillar tread and was
caught by the boom. He had
accidentally knocked loose a boom
release lever, it was believed.
Mr. Foster had been cleaning
the ground of debris from some
loads of terracotta pipe. Fire
Rescue Squad No. 2 released him
after jacking up the boom. Mr.
Foster was pronounced dead on
arrival at Casualty Hospital.
An Air Force veteran who
served in India, Mr. Foster had.
been employed by the Somerville
Co. about eight years. He is
survived by his widow, Mrs. Pau
line Foster, and a daughter Katy.
Bulletin
U. S. Ship Fired On
NEW YORK (£>).—The Is
brandtsen Steamship Co. today
notified the State Department
its steamer, Flying Cloud, was
fired on by a Chinese Nationalist
warship as it left the Yangtze
River. The captain said hun
dreds of shells were fired and
several holes were dtde in the
vessel, one of them 13 inches in
diameter. None of the crew
was killed or injured.
2 Assassins of Gandhi Hanged,
Shouting for Unity of India
Hindu Journalists
Executed Secretly
In Fear of Disorder
By the Associated Press
AMBALA, India, Nov. 15.—The
young editor who assassinated
Mohandas K. Gandhi and the
man who told him to do it were
sprung simultaneously through a
gallows trap at the Ambala cen
tral jail this morning. Their
bodies were cremated immediately
afterward.
Narayan V. Godse and Narayan
B. Apte, two Hindu journalists,
walked to their death with smiles
on their faces. Their foreheads
were painted with sacred marks.
Each man carried a small pack
age presumably of Hindu scrip
tures, which they were allowed to
hold as their hands were tied be
hind them.
A moment before the trap was
sprung, the two young fanatics
shouted in unison “May the united
India be immortal. We salute the
holy motherland.”
These were the Nationalist slo
gans that had inflamed them to
take the life of the sainted Hindu
spiritual leader who hated vio
lence so much he tried to end
Moslem-Hindu strife.
A witness to the execution,
which ended a two-year legal bat
tle following Gandhi's assassina
Europe Must Reduce
Prices to Compete for
U. S. Sales, ECA Says
Countries Must Intensify
Export Drive, Report
To Congress Declares
By the Associated Press
President Truman today sent
to Congress a Marshall Plan re
port declaring Europe must lower
its prices to compete in the
United States market for the
American consumer’s dollar,
“The United States, of course,
must be willing to accept greater
competition from European sup
pliers in order to help Europe pay
its way,” said the study prepared
by the Economic Co-operation Ad
ministration.
Even if European sales in the
United States were doubled—thusj
restoring Europe’s prewar share
of this market—the volume would
represent less than 1 per cent of
this country’s total output and
would "only be scratching the sur
face of the American market,”
Congress was told.
Must Change Methods.
"The participating countries
must intensify their export drive
to the dollar areas if they are to
attain independence from extraor
dinary outside assistance,” he re
port went on.
“This will require on the part
of many European businessmen a
reorganization of factory methods,
installation of new and more effi
cient machinery in order to reduce
costs, greater attention to mer
chandising and advertising, re
designing of products and pack
aging to suit American prefer
ences and a determination to
serve American customers with
the care and attention they re
ceive from American producers.”
It also will be necessary, the
report said, for the Marshall Plan
countries to give their exporters
incentives to enter the tough
American market. This will be
done, as ECA Administrator Paul
:G. Hoffman has suggested, by
letting the exporting companies
j keep a share of t.-e dollars earned
in export trade.
Warning on Restrictions.
The report covered EC A opera
tions up to July 1 of this year. It
also emphasized the warnings
voiced by Mr. Hoffman two weeks
ago before the council of Mar
shall Plan countries in Paris:
That recovery is imperiled by im
port controls and exchange re
strictions which act as barriers to
trade.
It repeated Mr. Hoffman’s plea
for the economic unification of
Europe, noting some steps in that
direction but declaring that pro
gress “on the whole has been
slow.”
With reference to the problem
of high European prices, it was
stated: ‘‘Devaluation of currencies
was unavoidable if the gap be
tween prices in the two parts of
the Western world was to be nar
rowed.”
On the more favorable side the
report said:
Industrial production in the
Marshall Plan countries reached
a new peak in the second quarter
of the year; the farm outlook in
dicated a probable record post
war production; foreign trade ex
panded—but not in the direction
of the United States; inflation
continued to abate.
Shah of Iran in Rome
On Way ter Visit U- S.
(Another Story on Page A-2.)
By tho Associated Press
ROME, Nov. 15.—The Shah of
Iran arrived here from Teheran
today aboard President Truman’s
plane, The Independence, en route
to the United States.
Prom here The Independence
will fly to the Azores for a night
stopover. The Shah is scheduled
to reach Washington at 4 pm.
tomorrow.
A. M
NARAYAN V. GODSE.
—AP Wirephoto.
tion in a New Delhi garden Janu
ary 30, 1948, said the two men
thanked their jailors for their
kindness and asked that they
“finish the business quickly."
Godse, the 26-year-old editor
of the Poona Daily, had fired the
shot that killed Gandhi as he
walked to prayer in front of hun
dreds of his followers. Apte, the
publisher of the newspaper, was
executed for leading the plot.
Four other men received sentences
(See EXECUTIONS, Page A-5T~
Burgman's Fate Placed
In Jury's Hands on
Charge of Treason
Defendant in Wheelchair
As Judge Gives Charge;
Nurse in Attendance
The fate of Herbert J. Burg
man, 55, former State Department
j clerk accused of treason, was
I placed in the hands of a District
court jury of seven men and five
‘women at 12:15 p.m. today.
The short, bald man, who suf
fered a heart attack at District
j Jail over the week' end, was
slumped in a wheelchair with his
eyes closed and a deathly pallor
on his face when the jury filed
from the courtroom.
Judge Alexander Holtzoff, at
the conclusion of an hour-and
10-minute charge to the jurors,
told them three verdicts could be
returned—not guilty, not guilty
by reason of insanity, or guilty.
The maximum penalty for tre*--i
son is death and the minimum
sentence is five years’ imprison
ment.
Nurse in Attendance.
A nurse was in constant attend
ance on Burgman after he was
wheeled into the courtroom shortly
before 11 a.m. Only a barely per
ceptible movement of his chest
indicated that he was breathing.
Once or twice he shifted his posi
tion slightly but otherwise gave no
indication that he was conscious.
His German wife, whom he
married shortly after he was dis
charged from the Army of Occu
pation in the Rhineland after
serving as an enlisted man in
World War I, and his son, Thom
as, 26, watched the accused man
apprehensively from seats in the
last row of the courtroom. The
son kept his arm consolingly
around his mother’s shoulder.
Burgman’s trial started October
11 after he pleaded not guilty to
66 alleged overt acts of treason
set forth in the indictment against
him. Before the trial concluded,
the prosecution announced it was
dropping all but 13 of the alleged
overt acts.
Unusual Procedure.
In an unusual procedure. Judge
Holtzoff told the jurors he wanted
them to express their verdict in
writing in the event they found
Burgman guilty of any of the
13 counts remaining in the indict
ment. He said a written ques
tion would be given them cover
ing each of the 13 counts.
The question, he said, would
ask: ’“Has it been established by
direct testimony of at least two
eyewitnesses that the defendant
committed an act of treason with
intent to betray the United
States?”
Pointing out that treason is the
only crime defined in the Consti
(See BURGMAN, Page A-3.)~
Yugoslavs Blast
Soviet Hypocrisy
In 'Peace' Talk
U. N. Delegate Cites
Aggressive Pressure
To Oust Marshal Tito
By th« Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y.. Nov. 15.
—Yugoslavia blasted at Russia
today for appearing before the
United Nations as a champion of
peace while exerting “aggressive
pressure” in efforts to oust Pre
mier-Marshal Tito.
Yugoslav Delegate Milovan Dji
las gave his country’s views to the
General Assembly’s 59-nation Po
litical Committee. He devoted
most of his long speech to an
attack on Russia but he also as
sailed the Western Powers for
what he called war propaganda.
Mr. Djilas told the committee
Yugoslavia could not completely
support either the 12-point peace
formula of the Western powers or
the three-point Soviet plan for a
Big Five peace pact.
Troop Moves Cited.
He reviewed previous charges
that Russia is using economic,
political and military pressure to
bring Yugoslavia back under the
domination of the Cominform. He
referred to recent reported troop
demonstrations in Hungary and
other Soviet satellite countries on
Yugoslavia’s borders.
“There is something monstrous
in this hypocrisy," Mr. Djilas
said. “Under the cloak of peace
propaganda actually aggressive
pressure is being exercised against
a small country.”
While attacking Russia, he con
tended his country had no ideo
logical war with Russia. Their
differences, he said, were based
on Yugoslavia’s desire to remain
Communist but independent of
Moscow.
“The problem of peace,” he
said, “lies • * * in the struggle
against aggressive policy and ag
gressive designs and methods, and
not in various ideologies or so
cial orders.”
Divergent Proposals Up.
The Political Committee has
before it divergent American and
Soviet proposals on the subject
of world peace. The Russian plan
condemns what Moscow calls
preparation for a new war by
Britain and the United States; de
mands immediate prohibition of
the atomic bomb and a conven
tion setting up controls, and calls
for A peace pact among the
United States, Britain, France.
China and tl\e Soviet Union.
The West regards the Soviet
plan as a piece of Russian propa
ganda. To counter it, American
Chief Delegate Warren R. Austin
introduced yesterday a joint
United States-British resolution
reaffiarming belief in the United
Nations Charter and listing 12
essentials for peace. France
qu’ckly indorsed the resolution.
Mr. Austin declared: “The So
viet proposal is not aimed at build
ing a universal system of collec
tive security within the United
Nations. On the contrary, it
points toward domination of world
affairs by the major powers. This
is an old objective of Russian poli
cy, but it shall not become an ob
(See U. N„ Page A-6.)
Truman Going to Key West
November 28 for Vacation
President Truman will fly to Key
West on the morning of Novem
ber 28 and plans to remain there
approximately three weeks resting
and working on his State of the
Union message to be submitted
to Congress in January, White
House Press Secretary Charles G.
Ross announced today.
The trip will give Mr. Truman
his first opportunity for an ex
tended rest since last spring.
Mrs. Truman and their daugh
ter Margaret probably will be in
Key West for at least part of the
vacation.
The presidential yacht Wil
liamsburg already has left for the
Key West naval base and it will
be available for any side trips the
President may feel like taking and
also can be used to house any
overflow of guests.
Trailer Sideshow Near Willard
Plays Next Act in Court Today
(Picture on Page A~2.)
The big trailer coach exhibition
at the National Guard Armory
had even a bigger sideshow at
Fourteenth and F streets today
that threatened the harmony of
both the main show and the city
administration.
It revolved around the question
of whether a long, handsome
trailer coach parked on the F
street side of the Willard Hotel
was entitled to that kind of extra
special consideration.
Tub-thumpers for the vehicle,
the “Anderson coach,” thought
it was fine and so, aparently, did
Douglas Stalker, manager of the
Willard. And so, aparently, did
Inspector Arthur E. Miller, chief
of the Police Department Traffic
Division.
But there were dissenters, vocif
erous ones, in other trailer ex
hibitors whose products were con
fined to the Armory; an official of
the Washington Board of TVade,
who interceded in their belief,
and Police Supt. Robert J. Bar
rett.
Yesterday Judge Henry A.
Schweinhaut was petitioned by
the Anderson Co. to permit the
trailer to remain on the well
traveled corner.
The matter was passed along
to Corporation Counsel Vernon E.
West, who talked it over with
Maj. Barrett. The latter, after
due deliberation, Solomoned thus
ly: Let the coach remain there
overnight, with the proviso that a
truck be attached to wheel it
away at an instant’s notice.
Next act is scheduled for
District Court this afternoon, with
the probability that John Hill
yard, attorney for the Anderson
Co., will again solicit the support
of Judge Schweinhaut, this time
for an order restraining the Dis
trict from moving the trailer,.
„ THIS SOUP 15 COLO iff
I THAT WILL COST®
IkYOUR COUNTRY A §|
^BILLION DOLlARSIg
Miss Coplon's Lawyer
Says She 'Dug Out'
Subversive Groups
Spy Defendant Pictured
At Court Hearing as
Conscientious Worker
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK. Nov. 15.—Judith
Coplon, convicted of spying for
Russia, was pictured in Federal
Court today as a conscientious
Government worker who “dug out
various subversive organizations”
for the Attorney General's office.
Her lawyer, Archibald Palmer,
gave this picture at a hearing pre
liminary to the spy conspiracy
trial of the former Government
girl and her ex-friend, Valentin
Gubitchev. suspended Russian
employe of the United Nations.
Robert R. Granville, Federal
Bureau of Investigation agent, on
the witness stand, agreed with
Mr. Palmer that Miss Coplon had
received promotions in the Jus
tice Department and that her
work had been praised by her,
superiors.
“Did you know,” the lawyer
asked, “that she dug out various
subversive organizations put on
Tom Clark’s list?”
Recalls No Communist Link. !
“I did not,” Mr. Granville re
plied.
The reference was to former
Attorney General Clark, now a
Supreme Court justice.
“Did you ever find that this girl
had ever been a Communist?” Mr.
Palmer asked.
“Not that I can recall,” the FBI
man said.
Mr. Granville commanded the
20 G-men who arested Miss Cop
lon, 28-year-old brunette, and|
Gubitchev after a cloak-and
dagger pursuit in New York last
March 4.
He testified yesterday that the
arrests were made because Miss
Coplon and Gubitchev tried to
throw off their pursuers, causing
him to believe that secret Gov
ernment papers were about to pass
between them.
Hearing Delays Trial.
Miss Coplon and Gubitchev were
called to trial yesterday on charges
of conspiracy to steal United
States documents for Russia.
Formal opening of the trial was
delayed by this preliminary hear
ing on a defense motion for return
of papers and other property
seized from Miss Coplon’s hand
bag when she was arrested here
with Gubitchev last March 4.
Return of the papers would be
a severe blow to the Government’s
case against the little brunette.
The prosecution contends the pa
pers are transcripts of Govern
ment secrets, while the defense
claims they are legitimate per
sonal'property.
Miss Coplon’s lawyer contends
her arrest and seizure of the pa
pers—made without a warrant—
were illegal.
Mr. Granville traced in his tes
timony each move in the pursuit
of the pair by the score of agents
wtih seven radio-equipped cars.
The defendants finally were ar
(See COPLON, Page A-6.) i
Met Opening to Be Carried
By WMAL-TV Monday
Opening night of the Metropoli
tan Opera season in New York
will be brought to Washington by
WMAL-TV from 7:45 to 11:30 p.m.
next Monday.
Washington television not only
will see and hear the opera “Der
Rosenkavalier” by Richard Strauss
but will catch all the glamour of
the event as the cameras pick up
arriving first nighters.
To complete arrangements for
this first-time event here, the reg
ular Monday evening boxing
matches at Turner’s Arena were
re-scheduled for 9 pin. Tuesday,
through co-operation of Mrs.
Florence Turner and Gabe Men
dendez, boxing promoters, the
Globe Brewing Co. and the boxing
commission.
King Must Okay
All New Hats
Margaret Gets
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Nov. 15.—King George
VI has the last word on Princess
Margaret’s choice of hats.
That fashion item comes from
the designer of the newest bonnet
worn by the King’s younger
daughter. She wore it to a mil
linery show yesterday.
The hat was a black felt fez
with a plume of ermine tails. One
reporter said it looked like a
guardsman’s helmet.
Aage Thaarup, Danish-born
milliner who whipped up the ex
clusive model, said the King
liked it.
"He always has to see her hats
before she wears them in public,”
Thaarup added.
Chest Diive at 63%,
Extra Effort Urged to
Meet foil by Nov, 23
Chairman Luchs Cites
Lag in County Quotas;
Two Units Report Today
BULLETIN
With only nine more working
days left. Washington’s 1950
Community Chest campaign to
day received an additional $89,
324 in funds reported by the
Business I, Business H and Resi
dential Units. The total now
stands at $2,534,501 or 63.49 per
cent of the drive’s $3,991,719
quota.
Standing at 61 per cent of its
$3,991,719 goal. Washington s 1950
Community Chest drive must move
up to 80 per cent by the end of
this week, if the campaign is to
make its quota by the closing date,
November 23, Chairman Frank J.
Luchs said today.
Stressing that the drive is still
ahead of last year’s figure at the
same stage of the drive, he said
he is not too confident the 80 per
cent figure will be reached this
week.
“The opening impetus of the
drive has been spent,” he said.
“Workers turned in so much in
the first 10, days that a lot more
effort is called for at this time.”|
Counties Lag.
The counties, averaging only 20
per cent of their individual quotas,
he said, are helping to hold the
campaign back.
Business Unit I, covering larger
business firms, and the Resi
dential Unit were to hold report
luncheons at 12:20 p.m,. in the
Hotel Washington. John A. Reilly,
president of the Second National
(See CHEST. Page A-4.)_
U. S. Strives to Avert
Ship Officers' Strike
At Midnight Tonight
Tieup of East, Gulf Coast
Passenger and Dry Cargo
Vessels Threatened
By lh« Associated Pres*
Government mediators worked
against the clock today to avert
a deck officers’ strike threatening
to tie up passenger and dry cargo1
vessels sailing from Atlantic and
Gulf ports after midnight.
The AFL Masters, Mates and
Pilots’ Union, with four or five men
on each freighter and more on
passenger ships, threatens to
strike tonight, largely over the
issue of rotating jobs. Oil tankers
and coal-carrying vessels would be
exempt, as would the ships in
commerce within the ports.
The America, luxury liner of
the United States fleet, advanced
its taking time to two hours ahead
of the strike deadline—setting it
for 10 p.nr. from New York.
Strike Due at Destination.
But Capt. Charles F. May, head
of the union, said that vessels
on the high seas would be con
sidered struck at their destinations
under an agreement with the In
ternational Transport Workers.
The America will head for
Southampton, England.
Frank J. Taylor, president of
the American Merchant Marine
Institute and and chief negotiator
for the Atlantic and Gulf port
shipowners, said that the officers
sign articles to serve until they
reach the return ports, so that
union members would be obligated
to complete their runs, even if
the strike develops.
Conciliator William N. Mar
golis was doubtful that a strike
could be avoided. He said after
meetings with the parties yester
day that “it looks very much” as
if a walkout is imminent.
Capt. May told reporters “we’re
notifying our people to prepare
for a strike.” He said 17 issues
are being pressed, but didn’t say
what they were.
Contract Twice Extended.
The contract, which expired
September 30, was twice extended.
Mr. Taylor said the union’s other
demands have been negotiated
and there was little^difference be
tween the parties on anything but
the hiring hall requirement.
The union is asking that the
present preferential hiring ar
rangement be broadened so that
officers be chosen in rotation
from a hiring hall, spreading em
ployment. Such an arrangement
is in effect on the West Coast.
The 500 vessels in operation for
'"(See MARITIME, Page A-4.)
Lewis and Miners Pay Fines
With Check for $1,420,000
John L. Lewis and his United!
] Mine Workers today purged them
selves of contempt of court here
by paying fines totaling $1,420,000.
The end of the long legal battle
over the use of injunction pro
ceedings under the Taft-Hartley
Act, to compel the striking miner?
to go back to work, reached its
end at 11:25 a.m. The scene was
the District Court chambers of
Judge T. Alan Goldsborough, who
had assessed the fines against Mr.
Lewis and his miners.
Mr. Lewis did not attend. The
miners were represented by Welly
K. Hopkins, miners’ general coun
sel; Harrison Combs, assistant
general counsel, and Earl Houck,
head of the miners’ legal depart
ment.
Samuel K. Abrams, a Justice
Department attorney, who had
participated in the case against
the UMW, but is now an assistant
United States attorney here, rep
resented the Government in the
proceedings.
Mr. Hopuns made me payment
to Harry M. Hull, clerk of District
Court. He remarked that the fines
were “probably the biggest ever
paid by - a defendant in the Fed
eral courts—certainly the biggest
ever paid by a labor union.”
The District government will re
ceive $852,000 of the total fines,
because the city government pays
60 per cent of the costs of District
Court.
There Were two fines, one for
$1,400,000 against the mine work
ers and $20,000 against Mr. Lewis
himself. The Ones were paid,
however, by one certified check,
drawn on the National Savings Sc
Trust Co. Government bonds
which had been posted by the mine
workers as a guarantee against
final judgment, will be returned.
The miners had carried their ap
peal all the way to the Supreme
Court.
Mr. Lewis’ personal fine was
paid by the UMW, in keeping with
a decision reached a year ago by
the Mine Workers Convention.
UMW Fund Cuts
400 Off Its Staff;
Peace Talks Lag
Employes Protest
Reduction Was Made
Without Notice
By James Y. Newton
Soft coal operators made no
move today to arrange mine peace
talks with John L. Lewis, and the
United Mine Workers’ welfare and
retirement fund, beset with court
litigation, slashed its staff an esti
mated 85 per cent.
One official said that nearly 400
employes at fund headquarters
here and about 20 in the field
were let go. There was no formal
announcement of the move, which
employes said was without notice.
The fund workers received their
bi-monthly checks unexpectedly
yesterday, five days early. In the
envelope was a brief message from
Miss Josephine Roche, welfare
fund director, telling them it was
necessary to drastically pare the
staff until fund affairs are
straightened out.
Many Employes Bitter.
Many of the fund employes were
bitter. They said that under their
agreement they were entitled to
either two weeks’ notice or com
parable pay. They are members
of District 50. a part of the UMW.
One employe said a month’s union
dues was deducted, apparently in
advance, from her check yester
day. She said another month’s
dues of $1.50 was deducted from
her last pay—received Novem
ber 5.
In her note to employes, Miss
Roche blamed the staff reduction
on the operator and neutral
trustees of the fund, which is
run by a board of three—Mr.
Lewis representing the union.
The reference was to the refusal
of Ezra Van Horn, resigned op
erators’ representative, and Sen
ator Bridges, Republican, of New
Hampshire, the neutral trustee,
to allow other than emergency ex
penditures from the fund. Most
benefits from the depleted fund
were cut off September 12.
Mr. Van Horn has charged that
Mr. Lewis and Senator Bridges
spent fund money unwisely. Sen
ator Bridges has asked. District
Court to relieve him of his trus
teeship and demanded an account
ing of expenditures.
Not Approved by Lewis.
UMW officials said Mr. Lewis
had nothing to do with the way
in which fund employes were let
go. They said he did not approve
of the furlough without notice.
Miss Roche’s note to the em
ployes said: v
‘‘We are faced with the most
regrettable necessity of drastically
reducing the administrative payroll
after November 15 and of notifying
you with this check that we must
discontinue your services as of this
date until such time as the fund is
again functioning normally and
the requirement of its work makes
it possible for us to request your
return.”
Since there was no indication
|as to when the tangled affairs of
the fund will be straightened out,
most of the employes were looking
for other jobs.
Meanwhile, with only 15 days
left before another mine strike
deadline, new contract talks be
tween Mr. Lewis and the opera
tors remained in stalemate.
Ching StUl Watching.
Directors of the Southern Coal
Producers’ Association were meet
ing here again today to put the
finishing touches to the contract
demands they will make on the
(See COAL, Page A-4.)
Czechs Order Britons
To Leave in 14 Days
By the Associated Press
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, Nov.
15.—A number of British nation
als resident in Czechoslovakia have
received police orders to get out of
the country within 14 days, Brit
ish consular authorities disclosed
today.
Consul William L. Wakefield
said a note had been sent to the
Czech Foreign Ministry asking an
explanation of the orders.
Consular authorities said they
had no reports yet of similar ac
tion against American nationals
here.
Queen Mary, 82, III
LONDON, Nov. 15 (TP).—Eighty
two-year-old Queen Mary was
confined to her home today with
a cold. Her doctors have advised
her to stay indoors for a few days,
and cancel her engagements for
this week.
Christmas Shopping
Made Easier Through
Star Classified Ads
If you are looking for a pet
to give to some deserving
youngster for Christmas your
chances of finding it are better
through Star classified ads.
During the first 10 months of
this year The Star carried over
5,000 more pet ads than the
three other Washington news
papers combined.
More than ever before, now
is the time to consult Wash
ington’s leading classified me
dium—THE STAR.

xml | txt