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WASHINGTON. D. C. Published by TIm Evening Star Newspaper Company. SAMUEL H. KAUFFMANN, President. B. M. McKELWAY, Editor. MAIN OFFICE: 11th St. and P.nntylvanla Av*. NEW YORK OFFICE: 110 Eatt 42d St. CHICAGO OFFICE: 435 North Michigan Av*. Delivered by Carrier—Metropolitan Area. Dally and Sunday Daily Only Sunday Only Monthly ..1.20\ Monthly _90c 10c per copy Weekly ...30c Weekly 20c 10c per copy •10c additional when 5 Sundays are in a month. Also 10c additional for Night Final Edition in those sections where delivery is made. Rates by Mail—Payable in Advance. Anywhere In United States. Ivening and Sunday Evening Sunday 1 month ... 1.50 I month ... 90c 1 month 60c 4 months_ 7.50 6 months — 5.00 6 months 3.00 1 year_15.00 1 year ....10.00 1 year ...6.00 Telephone STerling 5000. Entered at the Post Office, Washington, D. C., as second-class mail matter. Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed In this newspaper, as well as all A. P. news dispatches. A—18 THURSDAY, November 17, 1949 We Are Facing Failure After a brilliant start,' the Chest cam paign is bogging down. The first week of the campaign produced •omething over 50 per cent of the reduced goal of $3,991,719. During the second week, the amount received climbed to only 61 per cent. Only •light gains have been recorded since. The remarkable showing in the first week was due to the extraordinarily fine preliminary organization. It was also due to the fact that gifts from the “bell wether” group of firms—the business houses that always give generously and early—were reported during the first week and that the Government units came through with a bang. It was the belief that with this excellent beginning, the rest would be easier. It is not working out that way. There has been an encouraging increase, over last year, In the number of givers so far reported. But this increase does not as yet Indicate that the total, needed increase in the num ber of givers is going to be obtained with out continuing and unrelenting can vassing. Pessimism, at this stage of the game, may not be warranted by all the facts. But there is nothing to justify optimism In any quarter. We again faoe failure, to be avoided only by enough additional givers—and they are available, if they can be reached—to make up last year’s deficit and the one that is again threatened. Whooping It Up It was to be expected, when Virginia won Its first football game from Pennsyl vania, that the Cavalier rooters would let off a little steam. But It was not to be expected that they would resort to the rowdyism that marked their post-game eelebration in Philadelphia. A spokesman for two downtown hotels, where most of the Virginians stayed, says that the full damage cannot be estimated. But he mentions such things as throwing beer in the face of an elevator operator, tearing down fire hose, smashing signs and sand Jars, and racing around the halls “at all hours of the night.” This same spokesman says that a lot of schools play in Philadelphia (although not many beat Penn) but that “we never saw anything like what happened here Saturday before last.” The Philadelphia hotel people have asked for an appointment with President Darden of the University of Virginia to see what can be done to prevent a recur rence of such disorders. That is apt to be Quite a problem. Officials of the Uni versity of Maryland, however, are making 'determined efforts to curb hoodlumism among their students at football rallies, and the Virginia authorities should do likewise. Up to a point, victory celebra tions are perfectly normal. But when they are carried to the point of excesses such as those in Philadelphia, the in evitable result is to damage the reputa tions of fine universities. Portugal's Unique Election Portuguese voters flocked to the polls Sunday in an election which, judged by democratic parliamentary standards, was a strange proceeding. The outcome was a foregone conclusion. In only two con stituencies were there any opposition candidates, and these knew beforehand that they would be defeated. The elec tion was, therefore, a clean sweep for the government party, the so-called National Union, the political organization that ex presses the authoritarian regime which has monopolized power in Portugal for nearly a quarter century. The body voted for is the National Assembly, which is not a congress or parliament, but a chamber with consul tative or advisory rather than legislative functions. Incidentally, it should be noted that its membership includes not only Portugal itself and the nearby island groups of the Azores and Madeira but also the Portuguese possessions in Africa, India, the Far East and Australia. In this respect it can be considered a sort of Council of the Empire, bringing together the views of all Portuguese lands. The National Assembly is merely one aspect of a constitutional setup known as the Estado Novo or New State, formally established in 1933, but really functioning ever since the overthrow of the parlia mentary republic in 1926 in a bioodless revolution by a group of army officers headed by General Carmona. Revolutions had been frequent ever since the republic had replaced the monarchy in 1910, but none had hitherto remedied the faction alism, corruption and inefficiency that had brought Portugal to the verge of chaotic bankruptcy. The Carmona revolution, however, ini tiated something novel. The army junta realized that they, of themselves, were not fitted to govern. They therefore sought civilian talent and soon found leadership in the person of Oliveira Salazar, whose extraordinary personality has since domi nated the political scene. A professor of economics, Salazar believed in efficiency and disbelieved the Portuguese capacity for parliamentary democracy. He there fore evolved a type of authoritarian gov f i ernment similar in theory to the cor porate state of Fascist Italy, but emphat ically minus its aggressive ambitions and flamboyant ostentation. Salazar is the most self-eflacing of dictators, shunning publicity and working tirelessly for what he believes to be his nation’s good.' Under him, Portugal has enjoyed stability, ad ministrative efficiency, and financial sol vency. Political agitation is suppressed, though in relative moderation. The one big question mark is: “After Salazar, what?” Under his “New State” the polit ical education of the Portuguese people has obviously not progressed. And Salazar does not seem to have developed an effec tive successor. Our 'Face' in China In the Angus Ward case and the case of the Flying Cloud, the United States of America—generally regarded as the most powerful country in the world—is con fronted with the problem of trying to recover the “face" it has lost as a result of rough treatment by both sides in China’s civil war, particularly by the Communists. As far as the Nationalists are concerned, we regard them as our friends and the only legitimate government in China. Yet, using one of the destroyer escorts we have given to them, they have fired upon the American freighter Flying Cloud in an unsuccessful effort to prevent it from breaking through their blockade of Com munist-held Shanghai. Though the inci dent has involved no injuries or deaths, it constitutes a plain case of endangering the lives of our citizens under the pro tection of our flag. Since certain extenuating circumstances mark this case, however, including a re gretful and semi-apologetic warning issued by the Nationalist vessel prior to the firing, our reaction, according to Secretary Ache son, will be limited to a formal note pro testing against the endangering of lives. But if such a relatively mild rebuke is sufficient to restore our “face” in connec tion with the Flying Cloud, something much more emphatic is needed to cope with the peculiarly insulting and out rageous course the Chinese Communists have followed in their treatment of American Consul General Angus Ward and four of his associates in Mukden. On October 24, these five Americans were arrested on apparently fraudulent charges of beating a Chinese employe in a wage dispute. Since then, despite a State De partment note on November 3 calling upon the Peiping Communists to release them and explain the situation, nothing has been heard of, from or about them. The Red regime of Mao Tze-tung has maintained a complete and contemptuous silence, de clining even to intimate whether they are well, sick or possibly dead. Thus, through I the deliberate maltreatment of the ser vants of our Government, the Kremlin’s followers in China have in effect brazenly maltreated the United States Itself. In an earlier age, such conduct, coming from such a source, would have been promptly countered with a stern show of force. But today, owing to the peculiar nature of the Chinese situation, it seems romantically unrealistic to think of possi bilities like sending out the fleet to land the Marines against the Communists and force them to hand over Mr. Ward and his associates. Powerful as the United States is, it is not eager to resort to direct physical action when the world is in an explosive state. With what seems to b« wisdom, If not boldness or derring-do, It apparently intends—as when the Yugo slavs shot down unarmed American planes some time ago—to seek satisfaction and save “face” by confining itself, at least for the present, to indirect but not neces sarily Ineffective pressures. Thus, as Secretary Acheson has made clear, as long as the five Americans are held under arrest, the United States will not even consider the possibility of extend ing recognition to the Chinese Com munists. Moreover, he has made clear that our Government is studying all pos sible concrete steps—which conceivably could include the imposition of a block ade—to force them to comply with our demands. To Americans impatient for direct action, all this may seem to be quite wishy-washy, but it ought not to be dis missed as meaningless. The recognition issue is important to the Peiping Reds, and they are in no position to laugh off the possibility that some of our indirect pres sures might hurt them very hard. It is not unthinkable that before long they will find it wise to do what is needed to save “face." Medical Care for Dependents In recommending to the Defense De partment that free medical service and preferential hospitalization costs for the dependents of armed services personnel be ended, the Budget Bureau may be attempt ing to follow recommendations made last winter by the Hoover Commission. But on its face, the Budget Bureau proposal seems to go much further than the Hoover recommendations. And surely the Budget Bureau proposal cannot be sustained by the argument that in granting long delayed and wholly justified pay increases to the armed sendees, Congress intended the pay increase as compensation for medical service no longer to be available. The Hoover Commission approached the subject of free medical care for the de pendents of armed services personnel as merely one relatively small part of the whole problem of medical care furnished by the Government. The Government, said one of the reports, is now responsible for medical care, in varying degrees, for almost 24,000,000 people—about one-sixth of the entire population. The cost of this medical care, in the current fiscal year, approaches $2,000, 000,000. Most of the money, of course, is spent on the veterans—and this ex penditure will increase. The veterans kccount for some 18,500,000 out of the total number of beneficiaries who are eligible for medical care in some form. The servicemen and their dependents, with some smaller groups, constitute on the whole about 3,000,000. The number of the dependents is something less than a million. What the Hoover Commission sought, in connection with medical care for armed service dependents, was some arrangement under which this care could be provided by contract, through local non-military facilities, instead of being supplied, as at present, directly by the services. The same ■ 4 thing might be accomplished by an in surance plan, with premiums paid by Gov ernment as a part of total pay and allow ances. The advantages, in addition to relieving the armed services of a substan tial responsibility in the supply of medical men and equipment, would represent sound fiscal policy. Nobody seems to know pre cisely what the cost of medical service supplied dependents amounts to now. Therefore, no attempt was made to meas ure the possible savings in dollars and cents. The Budget Bureau is probably explor ing this field. But the Personnel Policy Board of the Defense Department is cor rect in refusing to accept the argument that elimination of free medical service was intended by Congress when it voted to increase service pay. Falls Church School Bonds A proposed $700,000 school bond issue will be put before the freeholders (real estate owners) of Falls Church this Sat urday for their approval or disapproval. It seems to The Star that it is imperative, in the best interests of the city and the children in the city, that there be a favor able vote on the proposal. If the bond issue is approved, the school board expects to have two new schools ready for use in the next school year. These will be a primary school and a combination junior-senior high school. These additional facilities are urgently needed now. There will be even greater need in the future. If the new buildings are not authorized at this time, it is no exaggeration to say that within a year or so Falls Church probably will be unable to educate its children. The bond issue will necessitate an in crease in the tax rate, perhaps 25 cents for each hundred dollars of assessed val uation. But that is a small price to pay for a decent school system. All real prop erty owners, who are 21 years of age and residents of the city, are eligible to vote. It is not necessary that poll taxes be paid. The polling places will be open from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m., and it is to be hoped there will be a large turnout and a favorable verdict. The contents of the vacuum cleaner bag we understand. But what is all this in the pockets of last year’s overcoat? . This and That By Charles E. Tracewell What one sees for one’s self is always more interesting and even exciting than what some one else sees. There was a man over in Arlington the other day who phoned in that he had just seen a flight of wild ducks over his house. They were so high, he said, that he could not tell their coloration, or count them exactly, but he judged there were from 50 to 100 in the flight. They were honking as they flew toward the Southwest in a V formation, with one leg much shorter than the other. He plainly thought this meant something in the weather line, and maybe it did, but it is difficult enough to predict weather even when you listen to the weatherman— or look out the window. Amateur weather predictions are based on wind directions, temperature, and prob abilities. Most of us use experience as our best guide. We look out the window, and if there is a fog, we do not think it is going to rain, no matter what the weather bureau says. We have become suspicious of the official predictions, especially when they change, let us say, from a prediction of rain to one of fair before the rain arrives. . The moment we hear them backtracking, then we know from experience that it probably will rain! It is as easy as that. The best method, from the everyday stand point, is to use your observations over the years as a guide for the morning prediction. Many of us have learned that a certain look to the sky means rain before nightfall, and here again no matter what the weather man says. * * * * So we take an umbrella, and sometimes the sun comes out beautifully, since we, too, are fooled just as much as the weatherman. There is a certain satisfaction in being right when he is wrong, and nothing but one’s own self criticism when one is wrong and he is right. - Carrying an umbrella was often laughed at, but it is nothing today, with these small lady umbrellas. There was a time when umbrellas were rigidly divided into men’s and women’s, but now every one carries what he or she pleases, and no one cares. That is one of the good things about a day and age when there are so many bad features, plain to all; the umbrella, as an instrument of protection and common sense, is no longer regarded either with favor or disfavor. No one paps any attention whether you carry an umbrella or do not carry an umbrella; no one gives a whoop, one way or another, so it is perfectly possible for a gentlewoman to carry an old-fashioned man’s umbrella, if she pleases, or for a man to tote a small lady’s umbrella, without attracting any particular attention. But as the men began to take up the smaller um brellas, the ladies stole a march on them again, as they often do, and came out with folding umbrellas not more than a foot long, with a case for same to fit neatly into a handbag. Probably men will never go that far, though we know of several who have been toying with the idea of purchas ing folding umbrellas just for the novelty of it. Probably for the average male, the best plan is to secrete an umbrella at the office, and have one at home. * * * * Whether flying geese mean cold weather or not, weather lore is always interesting. The flights of birds have been interpreted various ways, some believing that early flights mean cold weather, etc. Such flights are picturesque. It is no wonder that observ ers have always been willing to attach some ultra-meaning to them. Actually, there are few bird flight forma tions prettier or more thrilling than those of the old starlings. These often misjudged birds are master aviators, and in nothing are better than in mass flights. Often several hundred of these are seeing flying toward Rockville over Chevy Chase. They fly in per fect formations, but the wonder comes in their Instant and massed response to unspoken commands, or at least they seem to be such; for the birds dip each wing in unison, without so much as a split second between them, each wing slanting down just the same way, and exactly to the same degree, as if all were on a master wire and pulled by the same master hand. Perhaps this is an accurate description. No one yet has. fathomed the master hand. Some say the birds act in unison as they do by reason of some sort of radar of their own. Others call it electrical, which means about the same thing. Others prefer to call it instinct and let it go at that. If no geese fly over your house, or fly so high you cannot see them, turn to the humble starlings, as they scout in and out of the city for food, and be satisfied with some of the finest plain and fancy flying in all^thc world. Letters to The Star Disagrees With President On Defeat of Mr. Dulles To the Editor ot The Star: By just what process of reasoning Presi dent Truman arrives at the conclusion that the defeat of Mr. Dulles In the recent New York election is a major defeat for the Republicans is beyond my comprehension. I think Mr. Dulles’ defeat was a great victory for the Republicans. Mr. Dulles was more of a New Deal Democrat than he was a Republican. He more often voted with the New Dealers than he did with the opposition. If the Republicans could now get rid of Senator Vandenberg and other New Dealers in the party, they would have an excellent chance of regaining control of the Govern ment. Such people are only friends of ths enemy—in the Republican camp. BERNARD L. HENNING Expresses Thanks for Aid In Finding Lost Child To the Editor ol The Star: The Lanham Parent Teacher Association wishes to express its thanks to the many persons from many different communities who aided in the search for the little girl of our school, lost on November 2, and who share in our joy that she was safely found. In this great emergency our neighbors from near and far revealed a splendid feeling of humanity and helpfulness, for which we are deeply grateful. EDNA CHRISTENSEN, Secretary, Lanham P. T. A. Undertaker*’ Advertising Card Stirs Readers’ Disapprobation To the Editor of The Star; As a regular passenger of the Capital Transit facilities, I have become more or less immune to the various legends flaunted from the transit ads of every public vehicle. But to be confronted, day in and day out, by the somber faces of two men, hovering over an open casket, as if imploring my oc cupancy, is a little more than I can stand. Yours for peace of mind while in transit toward the eternal peace of eventual demise. ELI APPELBAUM. Sees Republican Party Destined to Be Merely a Brake To the Editor of The Star: Apparently, Harold Stassen and other Republican leaders have learned nothing by the overwhelming Republican defeat in 1948 and in the recent congressional elections. According to Mr. Stassen in his speech at the Press Club, and a later talk with cor respondents over the air, the Republican Party should continue to support the bi partisan foreign policy of the Truman ad ministration, while opposing the so-called “welfare state.” But it must be obvious to Mr. Stassen that this was the very stand that both Messrs. Dewey and Dulles assumed in campaigning against the Democrats, and on which they took a decisive beating. Thus it would seem that the Republican Party has two courses open to it. Either it can revert to its pre-Pearl Harbor stand of isolationism and attack the Truman foreign policy, or it can "outdeal” the Fair Deal. Judging from statements of various Repub lican leaders, the first course will be the most likely. However, it should be evident to even the most naive student of politics that such a course would mean the virtual ruin of the Republican Party. The people of the Nation are committed to a stake in world organization, and it is rather unlikely that they will relinquish it within the next generation. It is extremely improbable that the GOP will veer toward the left and champion socialized medicine, aid to education and the rest of the Fair Deal measures. This, of course, would be against the long tradition \ of conservatism of the Republican Party. Therefore, it probably will continue to act as a brake on the slow but continuous move ment toward socialism. At the same time, it undoubtedly will continue to lose elections on the platform of moaning that the Demo crats are taking us into a welfare state, with little or no positive platform of its own. After all, in the last analysis it is the people who control the ballot, and since the Fair Deal promises them the best in the most convenient and rapid manner, it is unlikely that they will repudiate the Democratic Party. Therefore, the future of the GOP seems to be that of a constant restraint against socialistic measures, without any hope of ever gaining the domination of the legisla tive or executive branches of the Govern ment. One wonders whether this will be enough of an incentive for the rank and file of the Republican Party. JOHN P. OWENS. Another Objection to Extra Fare On New Bus Route To tho Editor of The Star: An item in the Armistice Day issue of The Star advises the public that the Capitol Transit Co. soon will Inaugurate a new bus route. This will be one which will travel via South Capitol street and the new bridge— to and from Tenth and Pennsylvania ave nues to South Washington. Improved bus service always is welcomed by the riding public. However, the awakening comes when, reading further in the aforementioned item, it is realized with somewhat of a shock that CT proposes to charge an extra five cents above and beyond the regular bus and street car fare to ride on this route, which is to be designated “Express.” Let us take note of how this works out for CT: First: The route from South Capitol and Nichols avenue via South Capitol and the new bridge is considerably shorter than over Nichols avenue and past the Naval Gun Factory. Second: Due to this shortened route, there will be a considerable saving of fuel and time per trip, not to mention reduced wear and tear per passenger trip due to fewer stops. Third: Relief is afforded to existing routes with better distribution and passenger loading. It is obvious that without extra fare for this service many benefits accrue to CT. The question, “Has the new route cost CT any thing?” can be answered with a vigorous and emphatic “No.” But what of the general public? Well, they are paying for the new bridge and as sociated approaches. Presumably they are paying for these public improvements for the benefit of the general public, not for the benefit of some company which willy-nilly can increase its costs as a result of this public improvement. One wonders how a public utility can in augurate a new route and service such as the one we are discussing without the assent and approval of the Public Utilities Com mission. If it is agreed that the CT is to profit by this new public improvement, then why should it not be charged for passing over this route and bridge? The District of Columbia is hard pressed for operating reve nue and here is a golden opportunity to turn up a few more sheckels. However, it would be more creditable if the Public Utilities Commission and the vari ous citizen associations in South Washington would oppose this fare Jpcrease grab. The riding public has every right to expect good sendee from CT and furthermore to expect improved service for the 13 cents that now is paid for each fare—and, by the way, 13 cents is as much as is charged for city bus or streetcar fare in any city in the United States. .Imagine, a total of 18 cents to ride downtown from Congress Heights and other nearby areas! The next and most obvious step, of course, ones the precedent has been established is / Letters for publication must bear the signature and address of the writer, although it is permissible for a writer known to The Star to use a nom de plume. Please be brief. extra-fare express routes from all other out lying sections to the downtown areas. Unfortunately for Washingtonians, their only voice is through the readers’ columns and the citizens’ associations and these are not too effective. Lacking the voce and franchise, the Washington public ca ."lot ex press its displeasure at supine commissions and public officials. So how about asking for and printing comments about this extra fare situation from the readers of your paper? THE O. M. What Arlington Spends On Its Public Schools To the Editor of The Stir: Because The Star consistently gives such complete and fair news and editorial cover age of events in Arlington, I believe you will be willing to publish certain clarifying com ments on your recent editorial entitled ‘‘Arlington Board Upset.” The Star editorial said: ‘‘The School Board • • 4 was given 47.83 per cent of the total tax dollar.” This statement is incorrect. Also, as it appears with other statements in the edito rial, I believe it is misleading to the reader in that it implies that Arlington is spending a higher proportion of tax Income for schools than is spent for public education in comparable communities. Let us examine the facts. It is true that the schools of Arlington this year will re ceive 47.83 per cent of revenue from per sonal property and real estate taxes in Arlington. However, the personal property and real estate collections do not represent the total tax dollar in the county. That tax dollar actually includes income from business license taxes and from county auto mobile tag sales. These two taxes are used for general county purposes and should be considered when the proportion of school expenses to general county expenses is dis cussed. When the business license and county automobile tax are included in the total tax dollar of the county, the schools of Arlington receive only 43 per cent of that sum, an amount considerably less than the figure mentioned by The Star. Also, Arlington residents paid fi.2au.uuu in State income taxes last year and $116, 000 in taxes on intangible property such as stocks and bonds. These items, together with the State capitation tax, are collected by the County Treasurer but, by law, are forwarded by him directly to the State. Many taxpayers may not know that none of this money is spent through local chan nels. It can come back to the community where it was paid only when appropriated by the State Assembly. Implication that Arlington is spending too much local revenue for schools has no basis in fact. In all communities, schools of necessity are among the most expensive of local government functions. Arlington’s improved schools today may seem expensive to some people who were accustomed in the past to having the county maintain these schools on a low financial level, far below that of similar communities. As recently as two years ago, a report just Issued by the Virginia Auditor of Public Accounts shows Arlington was spending only $13.86 per capita on school maintenance and operation. This was next to the lowest figure for any county or city in Virginia. Although Arlington now substantially has improved its public education standards, it 1 still is not spending a disproportionate amount for schools. Arlington has the high est per capita Income of any county in Vir ginia. It has a high level of education among the adult population, and it well can afford to pay as much as other enlightened communities to educate its children. ELIZABETH P. CAMPBELL, Vice Chairman, Arlington County School Board. (Editor’s Note: It is correct that money collected from Income taxes and certain other sources is not spent through local channels. These receipts go into the general fund and the Legislature then appropriates funds for the local commu nities. For the year 1949-50 the State will provide $43.19 for each pupil in daily attendance in the public schools. It is estimated that this will bring back to Arlington $442,000. The counties receive for schools $1 of each $1.50 capitation tax that is paid. This brings close to $25,006 a year to Arlington. It is true that Arlington ranks low in the State on a “per capita’’ basis of expenditures for school maintenance and operation. If a more relevant basis—the expenditure per pupil—is taken. Arlington spends $163.74, and is exceeded by none of the 100 coun ties in this respect. It is exceeded by five cities: Roanoke, with $200.65; Richmond, $196.51; Norfolk, $193.09; Hopewell, $180.99, and Alexandria, $177.63.) Wants Congress to Legislate On Co-Operative Apartments To the Editor of The Star: Many of your readers and present owners of co-operative apartments here in the Dis trict will await with interest the decision in District Court pertaining to fees to permit resale of apartments in the Westmoreland. This applies to a number of other buildings which have just been made co-operative. I think it is about time Congress made some rules in regard to co-operatives. Some real estate firms buy up old buildings, make up their own regulations as to resale, and then sell them as co-operatives. Many are in poor condition, the roofs need fixing, elevators are bad and boilers need repairing. Due to the scarcity of housing, many would be owners are taken advantage of because they seek places to live. Also real estate firms should be compelled to return down payments on co-operatives if they can’t provide immediate possession. They charge a high rate of interest. Also there is the monthly upkeep, which amounts to plenty. I have in mind a certain firm which sold after March 1. They wouldn’t return the down' payment and it appears possession can’t be had until June, after rent control is out—15 months to wait. Is there anything fair about that? CO-OP OWNER. Blames Virginia Legislature For Delay on G. W. Highway To tho Editor of The Star: The “American DP” who wrote the caustic letter about the polluted Potomac needs re patriation. He should emerge from his own deep freeze and get the facts about the G. W. Memorial Highway and the proposed bridge north of Great Falls. Congress authorized the highway and bridge in 1933 and promised that if Maryland, D. C. and Virginia would devote the land the Federal Government would foot the entire expense of construc tion. Maryland and D. C. have fulfilled their part of the agreement but Virginia hasn’t given an acre of ground in Fairfax County. Our DP sounds like one of the proud sons of Virginia who probably yells loudest when taxes are proposed for the purchase of this land. j Speaking of background music, American DP’s whole letter must have been written to “Carry Me Back to Old Virginia,” with the typical accent on the first two words. VOTXLES8 AMERICAN r The Political Mill James Roosevelt Setting Sights on "52 Nomination Faces First Hurdle Next Year in Rac* For California Governorship By Gould Lincoln. James Roosevelt, oldest son of the lata President Franklin D„ is setting his sights for a shot at the Democratic presidential nomination of 1952, in the opinion of polit ically minded Washington, D. C. His first hurdle comes next year when Mr. Roosevelt will run for Governor of his adopted State, California. His present announcement, made formally and over two radio stations, that he will seek the gubernatorial nomina tion, is made early and after a canvass of sentiment in the State. The consensus is that no other Democrat in the State can defeat him in the primary. Further, it is unlikely that Gov. Earl Warren could repeat his spectacular triumph of 1946 and win both the Democratic and Republican nom inations for Governor, particularly if Mr. Roosevelt is in the field. A presidential nomination for Mr. Roose velt could scarcely be hailed with pleasure by President Truman. For one reason, James Roosevelt was a leader in the Demo cratic drive of 1948 to nominate Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower for President and eliminate Mr. Truman, then in the White House by reason of the rieatn of President Roosevelt. Had not Gen. Eisenhower flatly declined, the drive might easily have succeeded. Further, if Mr. Roosevelt w'ere nominated and elected President, Mr. Truman would go down in history as a bridge from Roosevelt to Roose velt. Should Mr. Roosevelt be elected Gov ernor of California, however, he may find that Mr. Truman himoolf is sseking a second nomination and \irtually a third term. That would pose a new problem for Mr. Roosevelt. No Novice in Politics. James Roosevelt is no novice in the po litical game. He has, too, been building steadily in the direction of his present gubernatorial announcement. He was an effective campaigner for his father, and in 1946 he was California State chairman of the Democratic Pa; ty. This was an unfor tunate year for Democrats. Gov. Warren, a Republican, won the Democratic nomina tion for Governor as well as that of hi» own party, defeating Democratic Attorney General “Bob” Kenny in the primary. Not only was Gov. Warren overwhelmingly re elected, but Senator Knovvland, Republican, defeated Mr. Roosevelt's Democratic candi date, Will Rogers, jr. Mr. Roosevelt was able, however, to keep his control, beating off efforts of 3ob Kenny and others to put Henry Wallace in the running for California’s delegation to the 1948 Democratic National Convention. He was elected as a Truman delegate, but before the convention Mr. Roosevelt jumped into the forefront of the Eisenhower boom. He succeeded, after Gen. Eisenhower re fused to run, in getting back on the Truman bandwagon and winning election as na tional committeeman for California. Ho campaigned vigorously for a Truman elec tion. The State finally turned in a lead of 17,000 votes for Truman and Barkley over Dewey and Warren. Enemies in Party Weak. In all his various maneuvering Mr. Roose velt has acquired a number of enemies among the California Democratic leaders. There are not enough, nor are they strong enough personally, to go up against the Roosevelt name at the polls. There has been talk, it is true, of E. George Luckey, wealthy rancher and a friend of President Truman, as a candidate for the gubernatorial nomination. Mr. Roosevelt, however, has demonstrated ability as a campaigner and has swallowed the Truman welfare state program, hook, line and sinker. If Mr. Roosevelt is able to win the gover norship, he will leap immediately into the front line of potential Democratic nominees for the presidency—among the others will be Gov. Stevenson of Illinois, Gov. Chester Bowles of Connecticut (if he is* re-elected next year). Senator Humphrey of Minne sota and Associate Justice Douglas of the Supreme Court. There is, too, his younger brother, Franklin D. Roosevelt, jr., Repre sentative from New York. “Jimmy,” how ever, is 42 years old and his brother 35. The latter might, it is true, be drafted for a gubernatorial or a senatorial nomination in New York next year, and if he won, would be In the spotlight, too. Friends of Franklin, jr.. say, however, that the plan is to bring him along more slowly—electing him per haps Lieutenant Governor as his next step up. It would be difficult to think of the brothers as strongly opposing each other for the presidential nomination in 1952. Questions and Answers A reader can get the answer to an; question at fact hr writing The Evening SUr Information Bureau. 316 Ere it. n.e.. Washington 2, D. C. Please Inclose three (3) cents for return postage. By THE HASKIN SERVICE Q. What were the words used by Woodrow Wilson on his bookplate?—R. J. H. A. The bookplate depicts a shelf of books and bears the words: “Council and Light, Knowledge with Vision, and Strength and Life and Pleasure Withall.” Q. How mudh does a publisher usually pay for sheet music royalties?—C. C. H. A. The amount paid in royalties varies. It depends largely on the arrangements entered into between the songwriter and ths publisher. As a general rule, the song writer receives for a nonproduction number between 2 and 3 cents for regular sheet music copies, and about 2 cents for orches trations. For a production number, ths songwriter is paid 6 cents for regular sheet music copies and about 3 cents for orches trations. If mechanically reproduced, the composer of the song receives 33 1-3 per cent of the income received by the publisher, and 33 1-3 per cent of all monies received for motion picture syndication rights. Q. Has a baseball game ever been called off, because the attendance was too small? Must each club play the 154 games sched uled?—H. P. A. No games in recent times have been called off, because the crowd was too to warrant the playing of the games. The 154 games are played by each club, regard less of the club’s position in the pennant race, unless weather conditions would make the playing impossible before the date set for closing the season. 'Clifton Castle' When Clifton burned, I wept. My magic castle Was lost beyond the memory of a dream ... In fancy I had often charged its portal Where ancient armoured guards would yield, and seem To fall before my spear. With banner held Aloft I conquered every shadowed room, Claimed echoing corHdors and winding stairs That climbed skyward, veiled in mys terious gloom. Then, from a windowed tower, the laugh ing child Viewed pebbled brook and violet-laden glade, I Pale in the infinite distance, unreal, re mote As Clifton now, and all the dreams tt made. MARTHA W. CARTER. A