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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 17, 1949, Image 19

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Public Should Be Told
What Occurred Before
And After Steel Strike
Those Responsible tor Loss
In Costly Dispute Seen
Likely to Escape Blame
By David Lawrence
Enough has happened since
President Truman appointed a
fact-finding board in the steel
industry to weigh the merits of
this device as a means of settling
labor disputes.
For what occurred before and
after the strike in the steel in
dustry is a matter of transcendent
importance to the American
people. It was one of the costliest
strikes in history and yet those
who were responsible for inflicting
this loss are apparently to escape
blame.
When the President’s fact-find
ing board made its report there
came from one end of the country
to the other applause for the find
ings and the recommendations. It
was supposed that principles were
to be considered and that details
were to be left to collective bar
gaining.
But the settlements finally made
ahow that the CIO steel union’s
spokesmen, while claiming to ac
cept the board’s recommendations,
in fact did not do so. An important
principle was rejected because the
board had recommended that a
Joint study be made of the pension
problem and that a report be made
in time for the March 1950 nego
tiations. Phil Murray refused to
Dermit such a study.
Hodge-Podge Is Result.
Today, as a result, there is a
hodge-podge. In a few hours of
collective bargaining, pension
plans were agreed to which can
not possibly afford th5 protection
that workers and companies alike
should have. If the few hours
that were given to negotiating
agreements in haste and without
scientific study of the many rami
fications of the pension issue are
all that the two parties could
afford to give to such a problem,
then it was a mistake to have a
fact-finding board at all.
It appears now that if the steel
companies had it to do over again
they would have risked the cen
sure of public opinion rather than
allow themselves to be drawn
into a situation such as they have
just experienced.
Congress should investigate
what happened in the steel con
troversy. The public interest has,
suffered so grievously that the
American people are entitled to
know how economic power is used
or misused.
For now it becomes clear that
what Phil Murray got Out of the
Bethlehem Company he could
easily have gotten last July. The
variations which Bethlehem agreed
to in comparison with the already
existing pension Plan at Bethle
hem are so slight as to make
people wonder why the CIO didn’t
make its agreement with this
company several months ago and
without a fact-finding board,
either. Certainly, whatever lever
age there was in respect to the
other steel companies in settling
with Bethlehem first would have
been present without a strike or a
fact-finding board.
Why Was Strike Forced?
While the CIO published some
of its demands early in the game,
it is clear that it did not press
seriously for collective bargaining.
Did the CIO know ahead of time
that the White House ^ould ap
point a fact-finding board? If
it did not expect such a contin
gency, then why was a costly
strike forced on the country
when the same settlement could
readily have been obtained with
out such an expensive work stop
page? t
The fact-finding board’s re
commendation to avoid a fourth
round increase in wages was ac
cepted by the union before the
strike was called, leaving only
the pension issue.
An investigation would reveal
just what was done on each of the
days intervening before and after
the fact-finding board report was
formulated, and also whether
there was good-faith collective
bargaining on one side or on both.
Clearly the country is entitled to
know what broke down. Was it
the fact-finding instrument? Was
it collective bargaining? Or were
labor power and politics inside
the labor unions responsible for
the fact that an agreement along
the lines of the Bethlehem plan
was not made earlier?
If the fact-finding board idea
is to prevail and gain prestige, an
inquiry into what actually hap
pened and who really rejected
what would be most helpful for
the future.
(Reproduction Rlchts Reserved.)
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On the Other Hand
Senator Brewster Has What His Party
Needs Today—a New Idea
By Lowell Mellett
It may be that Senator Owen
Brewster of Maine has come up
with an idea that will put the
Republicans in the way of win
ning again. It
is high time
that somebody
did, if one can
believe Nation
al C h a i rman
Ouy G. Gabriel
son.
“If our party,
and what it
stands for, does
not succeed in
the elections of
1950 and 1952,”
Chairman Ga
brielson told an
audience in Low*n
Reno, Nevada. Monday night,
“there is very little prospect that
the American republic, as we have
known .it, will continue to exist.
The Republican party is the only
available agency through which
the American people can reverse
this mad march toward destruc
tion.”
The first step toward saving the
republic, the Chairman indicated,
wo<d be taken when the party
finds “a more persuasive answer”
to the question of what it stands
for. And, he said, the party
leaders are now giving serious con
sideration to a restatement of
party principles.
Just Been Against.
With due respect to the Na
tional Chairman, restating the
party principles as exemplified in
recent years, won’t be the same
thing as telling what the party
stands for, since the party hasn’t
been for very much of anything.
It has just been against. To
some extent this has been in
evitable. The party that’s out is
almost compelled to be against
what is done by the party that’s
in. That is traditional in Amer
ican politics and the course fol
lowed by the Republican party
would be sound enough if it were
not for the fact that during the
present generation the tradition
has been upset. The things being
done by the party in power have
proved so popular that the outs
have been forced to drop some of
their opposition and rely on the
claim that they could do the same
things better—me-tooism, in other
words.
Actually that wasn’t bad strat
egy and It might have worked
If the Democrats had only stood
still. People do get tired of the
same old faces in public office
and decide every so often that it
is time for a change. Not only
that, but the voters are notoriously
ungrateful for things done in their
behalf. They always want some
thing more. And that’s where the
Democrats have been beating the
Republicans. They have contin
ued to come forward with some
thing new. They have made is
sues: Housing, education, civil
rights, health, social security,
wages, farm prices, cheap power,
rural electrification, farm tele
phones and so on. They never
seem to run out of new Issues,
all of them calculated to collect
votes.
Froblem of New Issues.
So the problem of the Republi
cans would seem to be not how to
restate the old issues, but how to
find some new ones.
Which brings us to the idea
propounded by the senior Senator
from Maine. It is time, he says,
to consider the nomination of
a woman for the presidency or
the vice presidency. He isn’t the
first to say this, the junior Senator
from the same State, Margaret
Chase Smith, having declared a
couple of months ago that she
plans to fight to see that some
“qualified woman” is named for
either the first or second place
on the ticket in 1952. But Senator
Brewster is the first man to say
it. And he made the flat state
ment that he could think df sev
eral women who would be better
qualified for the presidency than
the present incumbent.
Asked if Mrs. Smith was one of
those, he paid her a high tribute
and declared she could run “like
nobody’s business.” There may be
some persons mean enough to
suspect the senior Senator of
seeking to get the Junior Senator
out of Maine by promoting her
to the vice presidency, but that
won’t hold water. Senator
Brewster certainly remembers
how Boss Platt of New York
wrecked himself politically when
he tried to eliminate Theodore
Roosevelt in that manner.
No, the Senator
of a new idea am
what the party needs.
On the Record
Withdrawal of West Occupation Forces
Would Bring Civil War in Germany
By Dorothy Thompson
There have been persistent ru
mors that the Russians intend to
withdraw their troops from Ger
many despite the fact that the
head of the
Communist •
East German
gov e r n m e n t
said, in install
ing that gov
emment, the
Russians would
not withdraw
until the other
Allies did the
same.
However, it
is certain that # , \
the first Rus
sian objective
is to get the D,r,th7 numamm.
American, British and French
troops out of Germany. And
since to end the occupation is also
the dearest wish of nine-tenths of
the German people, Russian and
Communist agitation for. it is pop
ular. No party, in fact, can agi
tate against it.
Assuming that all troops with
drew, what would be the next
step?
The next step would be to start
a civil war in Germany on the pat
tern of China and Korea.
’ Best Allies Among Nazis.
The Russian occupying forces
have recently amnestied all Nazis.
The reason is that among the
Nazis are their best allies. They
are reckless, violent, eager for
power, and well-trained in the
technique of the coup d’etat.
Among them are the only well
trained police spies in Germany,
and many of these were taken
over long since into the Russian
zone secret police.
They also have among their
allies many former German
officers and some former diplomats
of ancient pro-Russian orienta
tion. The officers have been sold
the old Bismarck principle of
Russo-German friendship, to
gether with the geopolitical
theories of the late Albrecht
Haushofer, regarding the great
inner continental “room.” (Haus
hofer was against the Russian
war and for the war against
Great Britain.)
Already they have armed and
trained a fairly massive “security
police.” When I was in Germany,
I found, in a refugee camp in
Bavaria, two young men who had
had several weeks’ training in this
police before they decided to
escape into the western zone.
These young men gave me a de
tailed account of this training.
They were instructed by officers
of the former Reichswehr, whose
names they gave me. The in
struction included regular mili
tary drill and “political theory."
They were told that they were to
form the nucleus of a new Red
German army which would “liber
ate” Germany and throw out the
western occupation forces.
Returned prisoners of war have
reported that within the Soviet
Union itself, similar cadres have
been formed among prisoners, and
for the same purpose—to return
to “liberate” their country. These
prisoners have reported that they
were told that the German war
against Great Britain was a jus
tified war—that Britain declared
it. and refused to make peace after
the fall of Poland. <This at the
time was Stalin’s argument.) The
criminal war, the German prison
ers were told, was only the treach
erous war on the Soviet Union,
Germany’s friend.
Pattern of Action Known.
Western Germany has a new
government, but it has no such or
ganized, armed, indoctrinated
forces.
Furthermore, the German Com
munist forces would receive aid
from their Polish and Czech
neighbors, on the pattern of the
aid furnished the Greek guerrillas
by Bulgaria and Albania—without
direct Russian intervention. If
the United States and Great Brit
ain withdrew they would be in no
position to aid the militarily un
organized western government
and this would devolve upon
France, whose Communists would
certainly engage in every possible
sabotage to defeat “interference”
in Gennany.
And it is not only possible but
likely that, should such civil war
break out in Germany, the Rus
sians would use it as a diversion
for actions taken simultaneously
somewhere else; for instance, in
the Middle East—as the Berlin
blockade and airlift deflected
western attention from China.
How can this be hindered?
Chiefly by publicity, day in and
day out, inside and outside of
Germany. This must be accom
panied by political concessions to
the West German government—
the immediate cessation of dis
mantling and the bringing of the
Adenauer government into the
Council of Europe. But, above all,
the Germans must be warned that
the withdrawal of western troops
will lay them open to the horrors
that Grfeece has suffered.
The pattern of Russian action
is repetitive; it has been highly
successful elsewhere. But this
time the western Allies and the
German people should not be
taken unaware.
(Releaied by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
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.II -1
'Wrong Way Wallgren’
FPG Head Accused of Running Behind
Own Goal Posts in Power Plant License
By Doris Fleeson
Sixty days after the Democrats’
much ballyhooed “land, water,
jobs” conference in San Fran
cisco of which President Truman’s
public power
promises were
the keynote, the
a d ministration
is involved in a
family quarrel
over power.
The Presi
dent’s pal, Mon
Wallgren, whom
he finally
landed on the
Federal Power
Commis sion,
joined with his
colleagues over
the weekend in r" j n.i '*. <
granting Pacific Gas and Electric
Co. a 50-year license for the con
struction and operation of a
hydro-electric development in
Central Valley, California. FPC
also granted a preliminary permit
to the Fresno Irrigation District
for a power plant in the same
region.
Interior Secretary Krug will ap
peal for a re-hearing forthwith
and the fight will be strongly
pushed by his successor. Under
secretary Chapman. Their ar
gument to the FPC will be that
the Reclamation bureau plans
development of the Central
Valley as a whole, including the
projects now granted to PG & E
and Fresno.
To Seek Open Support.
With equal firmness they will
seek the President’s open sup
port on the ground that the FPC
is running directly counter to the
Truman campaign pledges to the
West which have so lately been
re-emphasized by the party.
Public power advocates agree that
the President must register his
own views strongly if he is to
escape charges of insincerity.
They had felt that the Pres
ident took a long step forward as
a defender of the West when he
promoted Mr. Chapman, a Colo
radan identified for 20 years
with development of Western
land and water resources. The
FPC decision with the name of the
President’s friend, Wallgren, at
tached struck them amidships.
They consider it particularly
gratuitous, as Mr. Wallgren has
just taken office and heard none
of the arguments in the original
hearing. As the FPC decision was
unanimous—another blow—it is
pointed out that Mr. Wallgren
did not have to break a tie; he
could have abstained until he
had studied the question. Now
they are terming him “wrong way
Wallgren” and accusing him of
running between his own goal
posts.
FPC States Position.
FPC states that the President
last August disapproved Interior’s
Central Valley plans and that
Interior then withdrew the two
projects at issue from its requests
for congressional authorization.
Interior admits this but says it
was only a postponement, that
I they are drawing up new plans
i they believe will pass White House
inspection. They feel certain the
President did not intend to veto
reaerai development oi uentrai
Valley then or In the future.
The administration will have a
chance to restate its public power
views January 15 next at a New
England Democratic conference.
Current developments ins me a
special drive to induce the Pres
ident personally to speak. The
conference was postponed from
this month due to the death of its
chairman. Interior last year
launched an attack on high
power rates in New England,
abetted by Governors Dever of
Massachusetts, Bowles of Connec
ticut and Gibson of Vermont.
In a sense it is hard luck for
Mr. Chapman that he must enter
the Cabinet involved in a hard
contest with another presidential
appointee so closely identified with
the President. But Mr. Chapman
has been anchor man in Interior
throughout the New and Pair
Deals. He will only be fighting as
always for his principles.
Brazil's Engineer Chief
To Confer With Pick
Brig. Gen. Eudoro Barcellos de
Moraes, chief of Brazilian Army
Engineers, will arrive here Sun
day for a three-week tour of Army
Engineer installations, the De
fense Department said today.
It added that the Brazilian
will discuss with Maj. Gen. Lewis
A. Pick, chief of United States
Army Engineers, “problems of
mutual benefit to the respective
services in relation to engineer
equipment and the organization
and training of engineer troops.”
McLemore—
Hits Congressmen
Who Sell Navy Short
By Henry McLemore
I always throw my *roice at
a late time.
My voice is raised today in de
fense of the Navy.
Fire Admiral
Denfeld. That’s
all right. Put all
the battleships
in storage.
That’s all right,
too. Have a
Sec r et a r y of
the Navy who
doesn’t know
an outb o a r d
motor from a
bobcat. That’s
all right with
me, too.
I don’t want
to claim to be Henry McL«-mor..
a thinker, but it seems to me that
the Navy must have been around
somewhere when they put the
soldiers on the shore. Months
ahead, the Navy said we’ll'land
three divisions at 9:15 in the
morning. The Navy landed three
divisions at 9:15.
Speaks as Infantryman.
Let’s make this entire column
brusque. Let me address all the
men who never got shot at,
either as infantrymen or as mem
bers of the Navy. I speak now
as a foot soldier. The sailors laid
back in those funny seats behind
their guns and shot for you.
I like them. I’ll bet those boys
didn’t want to get shot at. But
as long as that battle pennant
was flying from their ship they
figured they’d better fire.
Admirals are stuffy. When shells
are flying through their cabins,
they eat kippers for breakfast.
That’s for me. It takes a man
to do that! I never could figure
out whether admirals liked bullets
or kippers better. Let me ask one
thing of the rest of the United
States — how many sailors ever
quit?
We now have the Navy in moth
balls. All wrapped up in grease
and politics, and if you want my
personal opinion, I think that
politics are the greasier. This
country is going to rise or fall on
one thing—the men who live in
it. If you want to sell the men
short, and make them sissies, and
make Socialists out of them they
might follow along. If you want
to give them pensions, free med
icine, free living at home when
they are not doing anything, men
will go that way. This country
was built because men had a
simple belief in themselves. This
country was founded when no one
knew how to write a letter to
Washington.
Fighting Men Sold Short.
For every man who criticizes,
there are two bluejackets sleeping
forever for their country. It gives
me a slow turn in my stomach
when I read about elderly Sen
ators and Congressmen selling
short a part of our country made
up of men who fought for it and
didn’t care to talk about it. If
in the years to come we don’t need
a Navy, let us pay them just to
be around.
We spend thousands of dollars
preserving the buffalo, and who
ever saw a buffalo move through
the hedgerows in defense of the
sweetest thing I ever saw—the red
and the blue and the white, all
messed up with stars!
If you think I’m being over
patriotic, just remember one thing
—try to think what colors you
would swap them for.
(Dlltributes by MeNaufht Syndicate, me.)
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