Newspaper Page Text
Partly cloudy, windy and colder today. Fair tonight with low about 28. Tomorrow fair with high in low or middle 40s. (Full report on Page A-2.) Midnight_.49 6 a.m. ..48 11 a.m.-.49 2 a.m. ..48 8 a.m. ..48 Noon -.49 4 a.m. ..48 10 a.m. ..49 1p.m. _.50 Late Ntw York Markets, Page A-25. Guide ter Readers rue Amusements --C-10 Comics -C-8-9 Editorial_A-14 Edit. Articles --A-15 Finance_A-25 Food Page-A-17 me Lost and Found-A-S Obituary.A-22 Radio .C-9 Sports -C-l-3 Women’s Section-B-3-6 An Associate Press Newspaper_ 97th Year. No. 320. Phone ST. 5000 ★★★WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1949-FIFTY-TWO PAGES. City Home Delivery. Daily and Sunday. *i-?« *. Montn; when 6 g CENTS Sundays. #1.30. Ni*nt Final Edition. #1.30 mi $1.40 per Month.___. U.S.Asks 30 Nations to Intervene With Chinese Reds on Behalf of Jailed American Consul General Soviet Is Included In Group Urged to Express Concern ly the Associated Press The United States has appealed to 30 nations, including Russia, to intervene with the Chinese Com munists in behalf of the impris oned American Consul General, Angus Ward. The State Department an nounced that Secretary Acheson sent out messages Friday night asking the other governments “as a matter of urgency” to express to the Communist authorities at Peiping their “concern” over the Jailing of Mr. Ward and four mem bers of his staff. Mr. Ward and the others were Jailed October 24. The State Department said that even today other American staff members at Mukden are still unable to get permission to visit Mr. Ward. Mr. Acheson made his appeal after the repeated protests to the top Chinese Communist officials, through American consular rep resentatives at Peiping, had been ignored. Mounting Cry for Action. There has been a mounting cry in this country for some ac tion—including demands that the United States use force against the Communists. Yesterday, Senator Knowland, Republican, of California said in a Formosa news conference that he had radioed President Truman, demanding a blockade of the Chi nese Communist coast if the Reds don’t quickly release Mr. Ward. Senator Knowland is touring the Orient. Hiere was no official comment here in reply to the Senator’s suggestion. Last week State De partment officials indicated in formally that they doubted a blockade would bring the Commu nists to terms. They said the Chinese Nationalists already have cut off imports to Communist China fairly effectively. Legion Urges Using Force. George N. Craig, national com mander of the American Legion, also called for forcible action. He said in a week-end statement that the United States stands “ridi culed before the world,” and added: “The American Legion calls upon the'Government to serve no tice on Communist leaders in China that Consul General Ward and his associates must be re leased unharmed by an early spec ified date, or armed forces will be dispatched to obtain their re lease.” The State Department has been asking for advice on the Chinese situation generally. Gen. George C. Marshall, former Secretary of State: Harold Stassen, president of the University of Pennsylvania, and John D. Rockefeller HI were among a group of 25 American leaders who have been called in. Late News Bulletins Court to Hear Realty Case The Supreme Court agreed today to review a Justice De partment complaint that the Washington Real Estate Board and the National Association of Real Estate Boards violated the anti-trust laws by fixing brokers’ fees for real estate transactions in the District. The case is a civil suit in which District Court Judge Alexander Holtzoff last June ruled in fa vor of the real estate groups. Chest Has 72% of Goal Three units in Washington’s Community Chest campaign today reported new subscrip tions of $129,529, bringing the grand total of $2,890,195, or 72 per cent of the goal. (Earlier Story on Page B-l.) Hotel Holdup Suspect Held A 20-year-old Marine de serter was arrested about noon today near Tenth and K streets N.W. in connection with four hotel holdups here recently. He was armed with a .25 caliber automatic and, police said, ad mitted the four holdups. They identified him as Hassell Ray Poindexter. Eislet Appeal Oft Docket The Supreme Court today crossed off the docket the ap peal of Communist Leader Gerhart Eisler, who jumped bail and fled the country while the court was considering his case. He had appealed a con tempt of Congress conviction. Effect of the action leaves the conviction and sentence of a year in jail and $1,000 fine Imaging over his head should he ever return to the United States. 'Jimmy' La Fontaine Dies at 81; Gambler Here for Half Century * Fabulous Operator Ran Casino Across D. C. Line in Maryland James A. La Fontaine, whose big-time gambling enterprises in cluded operation of famed “Jim my’s Place,” died in a Baltimore | hospital at 12:55 p.m. today at the age of 81. A cerebral hemorrhage, suffered on the eve of his departure from Maryland General Hospital, ended a fabulous career for the dapper little man, who directed the big casino just over the District line on Bladensburg road. La Fontaine entered the hospi-j tal eight weeks ago for treatment of a severe cold and a slight at tack of pneumonia. Although heart complications set in, he im proved so greatly his complete re covery seemed assured. For more than half a century, the name of “Jimmy” La Fon taine has been linked with the gambling interests of Virginia, j Maryland aftd the District. To the reading public, the name became synonymous with an almost legendary figure who bossed dice tables, numbers games, horse bet ting and roulette wheels in an JAMES A. LA FONTAINE. aura of mystery and amazing im munity to the law. # His fortunes were said to have fluctuated in ratio to his clien tele's fortunes, but his business acumen was such that he pros pered by wise investments in real estate, stocks and bonds. Recently an intimate estimated La Fontaine’s worth at $2,000,000. Back in 1931, when Internal Rev (Continued on Page A-2. Col. 1.) New Party Predicted In Flight From China Of Acting President Li's Coalition Movement Would Be Hostile to loth Chiang and Communists By the Associated Press HONG KONG, Nov. 21.—A new party, hostile to both the Com munists and Chiang Kai-shek, J may be in the offing in China, j Acting President Li Tsung-jeni is expected to take the lead in it. I He is now in a hospital In this| PREMIER YEN HSI-SHAN. Temporary Chinese President. British colony. He arrived yester day. Chiang still is awaiting Li in; Chungking. The generalissimo \ went there from Formosa last week at Li’s invittaion. Foreigners from inland China, who arrived over the week end, said the new party, which would expect United States help in stemming the Communists, likely would shape up this way: Li and his old friend, Gen. Pal Chung-hsi, strongest Nationalist military man left on the main land, would join forces with three other important Chinese, Gen. Chan Chai-tong, administrator of Hainan Island, and Gens. Hu Seh-yueh and Yu Han-mow, in Southern Kwangtung Province. These observers said the new (See CHINA, Page A-4.) Bridges fo Push Fight With Lewis as Talks Open on Welfare Fund New Operator Trustee Appears at Session Of 3-Man Board By the Associated Press John L. Lewis and other trustees met today to debate the spending of what is left of the coal miners’ dwindling welfare fund. The session cast Mr. Lewis and Senator Bridges. Republican, of New Hampshire, in the role of antagonists. In the past, they have voted together on most de cisions. This time, Mr. Lewis wants to make payments for miners’ hos pital bills. Senator Bridges has questioned the legal right of the trustees to spend welfare funds in the absence of a formal mining contract. Lewis Has Nothin? to Say. Mr. Lewis, suffering from a cold and with' his neck bundled in a scarf, had nothing to say to re porters when he went into the closed meeting. Senator Bridges told them: “I think it will be a very interesting session.” Mr. Lewis represents the miners on the Board of Trustees. Sen ator Bridges is the neutral trustee. Former Federal Judge Charles I. Dawson of Louisville—the third trustee—Vras attending his first session as the operators’ repre isentative. He replaces Ezra Van Horn, who resigned. Senator Bridges intends to press the fight against using funds col lected since the miners’ contract expired June 30, and to cut out all payments from money re maining in the treasury from col lections before that. The fund is financed by a 20-cent royalty on | each ton of coal produced. The miners have been working this summer and fall without a (See COAL, Page A-4.) Typhoon North of Luzon MANILA, Nov. 21 (ff).—'The Weather Bureau said today a typhoon with winds up to 90 miles an hour would pass about 200 miles north of Luzon island early tomorrow. Montgomery Arrives, Sees No Immediate Threat of War ly the Associated Press NEW YORK, Nov. 21.—Held Marshal Viscount Montgomery, military chairman of the Western European Union Defense Alliance, said today he saw no immediate threat of open conflict in Western Europe. “If there were any immediate danger I wouldn’t be here, would I?” he asked with a grin on his arrival on the liner Queen Eliza beth. The field marshal wore British Army battle dress, with nine rows of ribbons, and the black beret he has made famous. He said he did not intend to ask United States authorities for more American troops in Western Europe. “The number of troops in West ern Europe has nothing to do with me,” he said. He explained that the question of the number of troops was polit ical in nature and said "the sol diers do what the politicians tell them.” Lord Montgomery refused to comment on the position of the atom bomb in the world military picture. However, he said he might have something to say on this topic tomorrow when he is a guest of the National Press Club in Washington. He also refused comment on the European Western Union defense alliance, as this is to be the sub ject of a speech before the English Speaking? Union in New York, November 29. Lord Montgomery was to fly to Washington today to be the guest of Sir Oliver Pranks, British Am bassador to the United States. He is due to return to New York next Monday, and sail for England December 2. He said he expects to attend the Army-Navy football game at Philadelphia Saturday. “That will be a proper battle, won’t it?” he asked. Noronic Master, Liner's Owners Blamed for Fire Skipper's License Suspended, Stricter Safety Laws Urged By the Associated Press OTTAWA, Nov. 21.—Th* own ers and master of the cruise ship Norgnic were blamed by a Su preme Court of Canada judge to day for the September 17 flash Are that took 118 lives as the luxury vessel lay at a Toronto dock. Justice R. L. Kellock. reporting as commissioner in the Transport Department’s inquiry, ordered the master’s certificate of Capt. Wil liam C. Taylor of Sarnia, Ontario, suspended for a year. He also rec ommended a series of measures designed to tighten safety regu lations for vessels like the Noronic. A 30,000-word report was pre sented to the House of Commons following the reading by Justice Kellock of a brief court judg ment suspending the captain. In the report. Justice Kellock found the loss of life and the loss of the ship were caused by a “fail ure” of the Canada Steamship Lines, Ltd., the Noronic’s owners,! and Capt. Taylor to take adequate precautions against fire. Owners and Master Censured. The justice censured the owners \ and the master, saying they failed j to provide proper means of de tecting nod fighting fires while in dock, and for getting passengers off the ship in the event of fire in port. Acting Transport Minister C. D. Howe, presenting the report, told Parliament the government would carefully consider the judge's recommendations with a view to preventing in the future disasters such as the Noronic fire. The blaze broke out suddenly in the dead of night and spread panic through the 600 holiday-bound passengers. All but one of the passengers were from the United States, mostly from the Detroit Cleveland area. Besides suspending Taylor’s cer tificate, Justice Kellock ordered the company to pay expenses in curred by the transport depart ment in a 17-day investigation held at Toronto. Inquiry hear ings also had been held in Cleve land and Detroit. Ill of Dead Identified. Justice Kellock had been ap pointed commissioner by the de partment to seek answers to spe cific questions dealing with the disaster to the 36-year-old ship as she lay at her pier in Toronto. Her fateful cruise had started at Detroit. Of the dead, 111 have been identified. Most of them had been trapped in their bunks. Remains of the other seven—it had been thought previously there were eight other dead—still are to be identified. Drunkenness No Major Factor. The report said the question of drunkenness played no major part in the disaster. There had been testimony at the hearings that Capt. Taylor had been drinking, but he testified he had nothing more than one small drink of Scotch whisky. Justice Kellock was critical of the actions of the master, but said the actions of the 16 crew men aboard at the time of the fire were about what would be expected in the circumstances, adding that no officer took charge of the situation or attempted to give general directions. After the alarm was given, the judge said, “the only thing it might have been possible to do, (See NORONIC. Page A-4.) Gamer, 81 Tomorrow, Still Wants to Reach 93 By th« Associated Pross UVALDE, Tex., Nov. 21.—“Cactus Jack” is- 81 tomorrow. That’s another milestone for John Nance Gamer, 32d Vice President of the United States, toward an ambition to live to be 93. Mr. Gamer, ruddy-faced and white-haired, said when he re tired from politics in 1M1 he wanted to live that long “so that more than half my life can be that of a private citizen." For 46 years Mr. Garner was in public life-^-as a Texas legislator and Representative, Speaker of the House and Vice President. There’s been no announced plan for any celebration of Mr. Gar ner’s birthday. He doesn’t hold for much of that. Last year he and an old crony, Ross Brumfield, were deer hunting on the day he became 80. They went hunting again last week. ✓ SUPREMACY ^iNTHE AIR 'Thus Hath the Candle Singed the Moth' FAO Sets Goal to End Hunger And Give Every Man a Home Dodd Outlines Plan as Conference Opens; Says 1949 Has Been Good Food Year By the Attociattd fr«( A world in which “no man need go hungry, or ill-clad, or without a home” was the goal held up to day to the Pood and Agriculture Organization of the United Na tions. The goal was pictured by Norris E. Dodd, director-general of the FAO, at the opening of its annual conference. Representa tives of a nations are fcere to tackle the job of how to increase food production in some countries and how to handle unmarketable surpluses in others. Mr. Dodd is a former Undersec retary of the United States De partment of Agriculture. He said in his prepared text: “In respect to the state of food and agriculture, 1949 has been in general what farmers call a good year, even if not quite as good in total as 1948. “Pood' scarcity is no longer perilous for nearly the whole world, as it was through 1947. “For more than half the world, however, the old chronic under nourtrtnggo* wi^touea and hun ger is scarcely one meal away from millions. For the World as a whole, per person food. Supplies are not as good .as before tile war.” Mr. Dodd thus summed up an (See FAol Page A-4.) Big Haul on Near Oslo For DC-3 Missing With 28 Refugee Children 3 Nurses, 4 Crewmen Also Aboard Plane En Route From Tunis ly th» Associated Press OSLO, Norway, Nov. 21.—Land, sea and air teams pressed an'in tensive hunt today for a missing plane feared to have carried 35 persons, including 28 undernour ished Jewish refugee children, to a flaming death in the tangled for ests of Southern Norway. ' The plane, with the 28 chil dren, three nurses and four crew men aboard, last was heard from by radio at about 6 p.m. last night as it neared Oslo’s Fornebu Air port. Soon afterward a sharp flash, followed by an explosion, was reported near Qjersjoen Lake, a mile southeast of Oslo. Home guards and police, along with hundreds of volunteer searchers, combed the dense for ests and the lake region swamps. Rescue vessels searched in Swe dish and Norwegian waters far out in the Skagerrak on the chance the plane came down at sea. Danish ships were alerted. Swedish and Danish planes and craft of the Norwegian Air Force Joined in the hunt for the plane, owned by Aero Holland. The owners said at The ■ Hague the plane was considered lost. Another Dutch DC-3, sister ship of the lost craft, landed safely to day at Goeteborg, Sweden, with 27 other Jewish children, like the others en route • froih Tunis, North Africa, to Scandinavia. The youngsters, ranging in age from 6 to 12 years, had been so under nourished. that they had been threatened with tuberculosis. All 55 children were to have had six (See OSLO, Page A-4.) WMAL-TV to Carry MetOpening Tonight Opening night of the Metro politan Opera season in New York will be seen in Washing ton tonight from 7:45 to 11:30 p.m. on WMAL-TV television. Besides viewing the Richard Strauss opeira “Der Rosenka vaier,” Washington watchers will see a closeup of the first nighters. To make possible this first time television event here, the regular Monday evening box ing matches at Turner’s Arena were rescheduled for 9 p.m. tomorrow, through co-opera tion of Mis. Florence Turner and Ogbe Menendez, boxing promoters; the Globe Brewing Co. and the boxing commis sioners. 79 Hours on Raft ■ | Survivors Are Landed At Bermuda From Canadian Destroyed |y (ht Associated Prose HAMILTON,' Bermuda, Nov. 21. —Beefsteak, families, insurance and “move over and give me a little room”— That’s- what survivors of the ditched B-29 said they thought about during 79 “miserable” hours on two six-man life rafts in heavy Atlantic swells north of Bermuda. The 18 survivors—Four of them on stretchers — arrived here yesterday afternoon aboard the Canadian destroyer Haida. The ship picked them up Saturday afternoon after a United States Air Force B-17 sighted' tnem about 400 miles northeast of Bermuda. Two of the 20-man crew drowned before they could get through the heavy swells to the two life rafts. One of the 18 survivors was suffering consider ably from shock. But 14 of the bruised and salt caked airmen walked unaided from the crashboats that brought them to the shore from the de stroyer. They grinned at the wildly cheering hundreds who watched them transfer to am bulances that took them to the Kindley Air Base Hospital here, v Most of the men were consid ered in good condition. Some bad suffered sprains. Some had salt water sores. But the majority seemed fairly lit. The plane’s commander and pilot, Lt. Col. John Orable of ■ <Bec B-29. Page A-3.) 123 Fired, 48 Denied Federal Jobs After Loyalty Investigation Civil Service Report Covers Period From Start of Plan in '47 The Civil Service Commission announced today that 123 persons have been dismissed on grounds of doubtful loyalty since the Qov-; ernment loyalty boards were es-; tablished in March 1947. Jobs have been denied to 48! n»itnn« seeking them. T& are highlights of aa ela borate report of the Loyalty Re view Board of the CSC. Most of the loyalty investigations were carried out by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, totaling 10,059. while about 300 were conducted by the Office of Naval Intelligence and the Civil Service Commission. In making public action regard ing several Civil Service examina tions. the cunmlssion urged per sons asking information to save time by inquiring before 11 aun. Most Calls in Afternoon. Most of the 18,200 individuals who called in person, and the 9,800 who telephoned during October, it was explained, con tacted the information office be tween 11 an. and 2 p.m„ and from 4 pm. to closing time at 5.15 pm. During the three-month period endlhg November 1, more than 95,000 civil service job announce ments and various forms were distributed through the Informa tion Office to 49,000 persons. These figures show an increased distribution of more than 36,000 forms and examination an nouncements over the same period in 1948. Since August 1, it was ex plained, the commission has an swered about 32,000 telephoned requests, an increase of 3,200 over the same perold in 1948. 41 Nurses Get Jobs. The commission also announced that 41 civilian nurses, recently separated from duty at Walter (See LOYALTY,. Page A-3.) Biffle, With Ailing Arm, Breaks Wrist in Fall Leslie L. Biffle, popular Secre tary of the Senate, has about de cided this is not his lucky year. For several months he has been suffering from a severe case of bursitis. He flew out to the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota last week for a check-up and got back here Saturday with the encouraging hews, that the bursitis is respond ing to treatment. Arriving at his home here, he slipped on a rug and suffered a fracture and a sprain of the wrist on the same arm.__ Florida's Mosquitoes Winning Against DDT, Experts Report •y the A»<xia1*d trut Efforts to conquer the mosquito through use of DDT insecticide appear doomed to failure. The Agriculture Department reported today that ; strains of the insect resistant to DDT have been found along the East coast of Floridf. Previously, the department had reported discovery of strains of houseflies which also were re sistant to the new insecticide. Obviously disappointed, the department said the value of DDT as a means of controlling certain insects that annoy or transmit diseases to man is “apparently disappearing before the very eyes of the entomologists who de veloped the remarkable chemical for the united rates Armed Forces during war,*? ' The department recalled early successful use of the insecticide in mosquito-infested areas of Florida. Freedom from mosquitoes in the area following use of the insecti cide was considered one of the miracles of present-day insect control practices,” it said. The department said “certain new promising” mosquito insecti cides' are under study at its en tomology laboratory at Orlando, ne. “4 few of these,” the agency said, “appear to be promising as substitutes for DDT.” • The department said DDT had turned some of the mosquito-rid den salt marsh areas of Florida into year-around recreational and resort areas. Previously they were virtually uninhabitable dur ing certain seasons of the yiar. Now the DDT-reaistant mosquito threatens to reconquer these prea*. Hiss Talked Over Plans With Reds, Chambers Says Story of Old Ford Car Allowed on Record of Second Perjury Trial By Newbold Noyes, Jr. Star Staff Correspondent NEW YORK. Nov. 21. —Alger Hiss, as a disciplined Communist, consulted the party leadership be fore the war about decisions af fecting his personal and profes sional life, Whittaker Chambers testified at the Hiss perjury re trial today. In describing his relationship with Mr Hiss, whom he accuses of working with him in a Com munist espionage ring in Wash ington in the 1930’s, Mr. Cham bers is being allowed far more latitude by Federal Judge Henry W. Goddard than he was allowed at his first trial. That first trial, presided over by Judge Samuel H. Kaufman, ended in a hung jury last July 8. Mr. Chambers told of Mr. Hiss’ move in 1936 from his job with the Agricultural Adjustment Ad ministration to a new position at the Justice Department. Says Party Okayed Move. “He told me he had an oppor tunity to enter the Justice Depart ment, and asked me what the party’s views were on the subject. I said I would have to take the matter up with J. Peters.” Mr. Chambers said he was the head of the particular “apparatus” in which Mr. Hiss worked, and that “J. Peters” was at that time the head of the entire Communist underground of the country. After talking with Peters. Mr. Chambers said, he went back to Mr. Hiss and “told him the party wished him to enter the Justice Department.” Allowed to Tell of Car. Mr. Chambers also testified to day about an incident whieh he ! was not permitted to discuss at the first trial, one in whicji he alleges that Mr. Hiss, at about that time, turned his old Pord car over to the Communist Party for tiie use of some deserving or ganizer. This is the car which Mr. | Chambers says he was permitted to use for sometime before Mr. ! Hiss got rid of it. “He proposed to turn the car over to the open Communist Party for the use of some poor organ iser,” Mr. Chambers said. ”1 op posed it, but Mr. Hiss brought the matter up again, and finally I took it up with Peters.” Mr. Chambers said Peters “re ; luctantly” agreed to allow Mr. Hiss to turn the car over to the party. Earlier testimony before the House Committee on Un American Activities had indicated the car was received from Mr. Hiss by the Cherner Motor Co. in Washington. Planned Trip to England. The witness, in another new de velopment, said today that in 1935 he had planned a trip to England to “work in a Soviet ap paratus there,” and that Mr. and Mrs. Hiss had agreed to put up his wife and baby while he was away. lur. wnamoers stun ne bui a passport under the name of David Breen for this trip, using a false birth certificate supplied him by Peters. He aded, however, that the trip did not materialize and the passport never was used. As at the first trial, Assistant United States Attorney Thomas P. Murphy led Mr. Chambers into (See HISS, Page A-4.) Freezing Temperatures Expected Here Tonight Freezing temperatures are ex pected in the Washington area tonight on the heels of yester day’s balmy weather, which brought out motorists and pic nickers. The Weather Bureau said that the mercury will drop to a low of about 28 tomorrow morning and that the rest of the day will be fair and "rather cold.” Today will be mostly cloudy, with a high in the low 50s. Although a few snowflakes fell this morning, the Weather Bureau said the precipitation was too slight to be worth mentioning. No snow is expected here during the coming cold snap. Temperatures rose to an unsea sonable 69 at 2:55 pm. yesterday, with a low of 47 at 5:10 this morning. Holiday Gift Column Starts Next Sunday In Star Classified Beginning next Sunday, as a convenience for advertisers and readers, The Star will pub lish a Christmas Gift Sugges tion Column every day in the classified section through De cember 22. Classified ads will offer for sale new and used articles suitable for Christmas gifts. The Star’s regular classified rates will apply. For further information- phone Washing ton’s leading classified medium —THE STAR, Sterling 5000.