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Sunny, windy and warmer today, high in upper 50s. Pair and not so cold, low about 38 tonight. Tomorrow cloudy, colder. (Pull report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 29 6 a.m. —30 11 a.m. -—42 2 a.m. —29 8 a.m. —32 Noon_47 4 a.m-30 10 a.m. —38 1 p.m. 51 Late New York Markets, Page A-21. Guide for Readers Pue Amusements A-14-15 Church News __A-4 Comics_B-10-11 Editorial_A-8 Editorial Articles A-9 Finance _A-21 Page Lost and Found A-3 Obituary _A-12 Radio -B-ll Sports_A-17-19 Women's Section_B-3-4 An Associated Press Newspaper 97th Year. No. 322. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C„* WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1949-THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. City Home Delivery. Dally end Sunday. $1.20 a Month: when 6 C PTr'XTTQ Sundays. $1.30. Nient Final Edition. $1.30 and $1.40 per Month. ** i lO Reds Free Ward and Four Aides, Commuting Their Jail Sentences And Ordering Them Out of China Mukden Consul Reports on Trial And Release By Garnett D. Horner Release of American Consul General Angus Ward and four members of his staff after a month’s imprisonment by Chinese Communists at Mukden, Man churia, was announced today by the State Department. Mr. Ward himself reported that he and the other jailed men were found guilty by the Communists of assaulting a Chinese worker and sentenced to prison terms varying from three to six months, but that all the sentences were commuted to deportation. The State Department said it has instructed Mr. Ward and his entire staff “to depart from Muk den forthwith”—something they have been trying to do for months. Five Return to Homes. The formal sentencing and re lease came yesterday. Mr. Ward and his four aides then returned to their homes in the American consulate compound in Mukden Mr. Ward, 56-year-old veteran consular official, reported on the release personally in a telephone conversation early today to Con sul General O. Edmund Clubb at Peiping, who relayed the report to the State Department. It was; the first direct word from Mr. Ward in a month. The department said Mr. Ward reported that he and the four other men, w£o had been in jail since October* 24, were “up and about.” Release of the Ward group came a few days after Secretary of State Acheson sent a personal message to the foreign ministers of 30 other nations, including; Russia, urging concerted action to bring pressure on Chinese Com -! munists for their treatment of the American consul general. Military Attache Detained. Meanwhile, the State Depart ment said American representa tives in China still are trying to get permission from the Chinese Communist authorities for Brig. Gen. Robert H. Soule, Military At- : tache at the United States Em bassy in Nanking, to leave the country. Michael J. McDermott, depart-; ment press officer, told reporters Gen. Soule’s situation is exactly what is was on October 26 when Secretary Acheson announced that he had been refused an exit visa by the Communist authorities in Nanking. Gen. Soule is not under arrest but has been denied permission to leave Nanking because of a de mand from Chinese employes of the American Government there for settlement of what Mr. Acheson termed “exorbitant” severance pay. Mr. Ward and the staff mem bers were arrested on October 24 in connection with an alleged beating of two Chinese laborers in a wage dispute on October 11. The State Department has termed (See WARD, Page A-7.) New Defense Parleys Started in London By the Associated Press LONDON, Nov. 23.—The opera tion to put teeth of steel into the North Atlantic treaty began today in London. Defense ministers of the five Brussels treaty nations met to plan integration of their own military establishments into the broader anti-aggression scheme of the 12 country agreement. Behind well-guarded doors in Lancaster House, a government building, the ministers of Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg debated how far they can go in pooling their de fenses with those of the other North Atlantic pact nations. They will report their decisions December 1 to a full conference of North Atlantic defense ministers in Paris. Military sources said there is some dissatisfaction with the slow progress made in converting the North Atlantic defenses from a line on paper to one of men and steel backed by the billion-dollar military assistance grant of the United States. British leaders have advocated gradual absorption of the Brussels treaty defense organization into the Atlantic pact setup. They have received strong sup port from American officials. But some of the continental members —especially Prance—have balked. These members contend that the 20 -year North Atlantic treaty does not offer the same guarantees against aggression as does the 50 year Brussels pact. Nolan Arrives in Berlin BERLIN, Nov. 23 (£>).—Repre sentative Nolan, Democrat, of Indiana arrived in Berlin by air today on a tour of Marshall Plan nations. Hiss Defense Launches Attack On Chambers' Personal Life Cross-Examination on Wadleigh's Role In Case Dropped as Jury Hears Poems BULLETIN NEW YORK (Special).—The defense in the Alger Hiss per jury retrial laid the ground work this afternoon for the pos sible appearance of a witness to testify that she knew Whittaker Chambers in the 1930s as “George Crosley.” Up to now only Mr. and Mrs. Hiss have said they knew Mr. Chambers by that name. But, Mr. Chambers tes tified today, he was introduced by the Hisses to a Washington woman named Plum Fountain and that he “might have been” introduced as George Crosley. By Newbold Noyes, Jr. Star Staff Correspondent NEW YORK, Nov. 23.—The writings and personal life of Whittaker Chambers were placed under the courtroom microscope today as Defense Attorney Claude B. Cross continued his counter attack on the Government’s star witness in the Alger Hiss perjury retrial. Poems and articles, written by the former Time Magazine editor in his youth, were read to the jury of eight women and four men as Mr Hiss' lawyer sharply deviated from the line of cross-examination he was pursuing when the trial recessed yesterday. Mr. Cross had been delving into the prewar relationship between | Mr. Chambers, self-confessed ex Communist agent, and Julian Wad leigh. former official of the State Department’s Trade Agreements Section, who was one of Mr. Chambers’ sources of secret infor mation in a Communist spy ring in Washington before the war. Mr. Cross was endeavoring to show that Mr. Wadleigh and other unnamed sources might have sup plied Mr. Chambers with the data he says he got from Mr. Hiss. Mr. Hiss, who served for two years as president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace after leaving the State De partment, is accused of falsely denying to a Federal grand jury that he did supply Mr. Chambers with secret State Department papers. One <?f the poems read the jury4 today was entitled “Tandara Dei.” Its theme was sexual and it ap peared to have been written from the point of view of a woman. Mr. (See HISS. Page A-3.) Two Rivals Claiming Presidency of Panama After Night-Long Riot Child Killed, IT Wounded As Police Smash Chanis' Effort to Regain Power By the Associated Press PANAMA CITY, Panama, Nov.1 23.—Two men claimed the presi dency of Panama today after a wild night of rioting in which 1 child was killed and 11 wounded. Police gunfire smashed a near revolt as Dr. Daniel Chanis, jr.— forced to resign as President Sun day in a national police coup— led thousands of supporters in a march on the presidential palace in an attempt to regain power. Inside the palace behind police guards was Roberto Chiari, for mer Vice President who was sworn in as President after Mr. Chanis bowed to a police ultimatum and resigned. He insisted he would sit tight and remain President. Police Dispurse Marchers. National police, who are Pana ma's only armed force, dispersed the marchers with machine gun bullets, rifle fire and tear gas. The demonstrators had rallied behind Mr. Chanis as he dramati cally strode into a session of the National Assembly and declared: “I withdraw my resignation.” He flung the letter to the floor and and insisted he still was the con I stitutional President of Panama. The 58-year-old surgeon-politi cian, who had served as President only four months until he was ousted by Police Chief Col. Jose Remon, then led a crowd of dem onstrators that grew to thousands as they passed through the streets. In Cathedral Plaza, a block from the presidential palace, hel meted police opened Are. For two hours rioting flared at a hot pitch. Six buses were overturned. Win | iSee PANAMA7Page"A~6.)_ Ouster of Denfeld Won't Be Investigated By House Committee Vinson Says No More Hearings on Service Dispute Are Planned •y th» AuociatW h«i The reasons for removal of Ad miral Louis E. Denfeld as Chief of Naval Operations will not be investigated by the House Armed Services Committee, Chairman1 Vinson said today. Admiral Denfeld’s removal fol-! lowed the committee’s recent in- i vestigation of national defense policies which brought into sharp focus differences of opinion among Navy, Army and Air Force leaders. The admiral, a ’’star” witness, criticized defense policies. His removal was requested by Secre tary of the Navy Matthews. As far as he is concerned, Mr. Vinson said, there will be no more hearings in the armed services squabble despite requests of some committee members for a con gressional airing of the Denfeld ouster. Retaliation Charged. These committee members claimed the committee was as sured by Defense Secretary John son that no witness from the armed services would be penalized for freely expressing his views. Admiral Denfeld’s removal to an other post, they said with consid erable heat at the time, was a vio lation of this assurance and an indication that Admiral Denfeld was demoted “because he talked.” Chairman Vinson himself said October 28 that Admiral Denfeld (See DENFELD, Page A-6.) Seven Die in Crossing Crash LUBBOCK, Tex., Nov. 23 — Seven persons were killed and 10 others injured in a railroad cross ing accident near here today, in volving a freight train and a truck loaded with cotton pickers. Ward Has Served U. S. as Consul In or Near Russia Since 7925 56-Year-Old Official Noted as Linguist and Expert on Mongolia By the Associated Press Angus Ivan Ward, American consul general released yesterday from a jail in Mukden, Man churia, has been on the diplo matic frontiers between the United States and the Soviet Union for half his life. The world’s distant comers have become accustomed to the strid ing figure of the tall, 56-year-old consular official, who spends much of his spare time hiking the country-side, clad in colorful lum ber jackets and a blue beret, his Van Dyke beard bristling to lee ward and his stout walking cane swinging along beside him. Mr. Ward has been either in or near the borders of the Soviet Union ever since 1925, when he started his foreign service as vice consul in the same city where he has just spent a month in prison. A year later he moved south of the Great Wall to Tientsin as vice consul. His next important assignment took him to Moscow in February, ANGUS WARD. 1934, a few months after the Roosevelt - Litvinov agreement which brought United States rec ognition of the Soviet government. William C. Bullitt, first Ameri can Ambassador to the Soviet and Mr. Ward’s chief there, describes him as a man of “very great char acter and restraint who has the (See CONSUL, Page A-7.) Russia Cancels Recognition of Chiang in U. N. Vishinsky Announces Support for Chinese Reds' Bid for Seat By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Nov. 23.—Soviet Foreign Minister Vishinsky an nounced today that Russia no : longer recognizes the Chinese Nationalist delegation as the; spokesman for China in the United Nations. This means the Soviet Union will not consider the Chiang Kai-' shek regime as a proper member of the Security Council, where i China shares the right of veto with the other big powers—Russia, the United States, Britain and France. Recently Yugoslavia was elected to the Security Council, over Rus sian protests, but Yugoslavia will not share the right of veto when it takes its seat in January. Peiping Reds Recognized. The Soviet Union previously broke diplomatic relations with the Chiang regiipe and accorded recognition to the Communist re gime at Peiping. Mr. Vishinsky told the United Nations Assembly he fully sup ports last week’s message from the Chinese Reds saying the pres ent Chinese U. N. delegation can not speak for China. “We will not regard the Kuo mintang delegation’’ as repre sentatives of China, Mr. Vishinsky said. The Soviet minister’s announce ment may have a far-reaching ef fect on big power consultations as ff| as the world organization is CMwegned. The Assembly is de bating a resolution caling for con tinuation of private atomic talks among Canada and the five big powers. Action Due Later This week. Mr. Vishinsky’* statement also appeared to make useless a recent big power agreement for advance consultations on Security Council problems to see if they could re duce the number of vetoes. Rus sia has used the veto 41 times. Any formal move to oust the Chinese Nationalist delegation in ' the Assembly probably would come later this week when the Assem bly’s 59-nation Political Commit tee takes up a Chinese charge that ; Russia is aiding the Chinese Reds. Under U. N. rules, each of the world organization’s bodies settles any controversies over its own membership. Thus, the Assembly and the Security Council might be called on to decide separately on the Chinese representation issue. The decision, however, is likely to be the same, since the Soviet bloc is in a minority in both bodies. Western delegates had hoped to avoid a showdown on the Chinese recognition issue at this session, but they are ready to stick with the Nationalist government at least for the present. Both the United States and Britain were said by their spokesmen to be considering the question of recog nizing the Chinese Reds, but with no action imminent. Atomic Control Climax Near. Mr. Vishinsky made his an nouncement at the beginning of a speech on atomic control as the Assembly reached the climax stage in this dispute, which is a basic issue of East-West disagree ment in the U. N. Today’s session also gave the small nations their last chance to try to forge some link of agree ment between Russia and the major Western powers on the atomic issue. Observers believe there is no chance of bringing about a settlement now. The focus of attention on the U. N. shifted to Flushing Meadow following bitter debate in the Po litical Committee at Lake Success yesterday on rival Russian and American-British proposals for strengthening peace. The Lake Success debate con tinues. Mr. Vishinsky is sched uled to^ddress the Political Com mittee there in the afternoon and is expected to repeat his charges that the United States, with Brit ain’s help, is aiming at world dom ination. The Western powers have branded those charges* as falsehoods which may be designed (See U. N., Page A-6.) $11,000 Payroll Takesrv PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 23 UP).— Two masked men, striking- three minutes after an armored car de livered an $11,000 payroll to a construction job, held up a group of workers today and fled with the money. The robbery took place at the site of a new junior high school building in West! Philadelphia. J s * II YOU TELL HI M' v . y % iS I He's Getting Plenty of Recognition . . . Gambling Raid Cases To Go to Jury Today; Final Arguments Made Lewis' Lawyer Contends U. S. Failed to Prove Operations in District The trial of William (Snags) Lewis and 13 co-defendants neared a District Court jury this afternoon with the prosecution demanding that all be convicted on both counts of an indictment charging them with operating a huge numbers syndicate in Washington. The group is accused of con spiring to operate a lottery and operating and promoting a lot tery. The Government contends the syndicate, which it said op erated from headquarters in Bladensburg, did a $14,000.000-a year business, in the District. Conviction on the conspiracy count carries a maximum penalty of 10 years in prison. The second charge has a penalty of up to three years. Assistant United States Attor ney William Hitz told the jury of nine men and three women in his closing arguments that the Government had produced "over whelming evidence’’ in support of both counts during the four-week trial. Defense Calls Case Vague. Defense Counsel William H. Collins, who represents Lewis, insisted on the other hand that the Government’s case was vague and inconclusive in that it failed to show any conspiracy conceived and executed in the District. The 14 men were seized March 25 in a barricaded house at 4310 Forty-sixth street, Bladensburg, by United States deputy marshals from the District. On trial with Lewis are the following co-defendants: John R. Mitcnell, Fulton J. Mitchell, George P. Scott, Fred Sutton, Lonnie Black, Anis Wycke, Ralph Spotswood, Edward Hinkle, jr„ Gregory Seger, Sterling D. Welch, ~ (See GAMBLING, Page A-67 ~ Chest Drive Reaches 78 Per Cent of Goal BULLETIN The Washington Area’s Red Feather drive climbed well past the three-quarter mark today by reporting new subscriptions of $222,595 for a grand total of $3,112,790—78 per cent of the goal. Community Chest leaders to day were hoping to cushion them selves against a holiday lull in solicitation by shooting well beyond the $3,000,000 mark at the drive’s fourth general report meeting in the Hotel Washington. All nine area divisions were scheduled to report latest returns at this meeting, the last this week. Plans for other meetings were to be announced by Chairman Frank J. Luchs. With Monday’s returns from Washington units, the campaign total up to today stood at $2,890, 195, or 72 per cent of the goal. The campaign seeks $3,991,719. Chairman Luchs said Monday he hopes for $400,000 at today’s report. This amount, he said, would make him confident of the drive’s success. No great spurt was expected today from county units, which have been lagging badly. Only Alexandria has chalked up an early success among the out-of town groups, reaching 70 per cent last week. Unit leaders are urging their workers to redouble efforts im mediately after tomorrow’s holi day in order to make the drive’s windup as brief as possible. Cab Driver Gels 12 Months In Margaret Mitchell Death By the Associated Press ATLANTA, Nov. 23.—Hugh D. Gravitt, former taxicab driver convicted of involuntary man slaughter for the traffic death of Margaret Mitchell, today was sentenced to 12 to 18 months in jail Judge Walter C. Hendrix also cancelled Gravitt's driver's li cense. Gravitt was convicted last Wednesday by a jury that rec- i ommended a sentence of not less than one year or more than i8 months. Under the law he could have been given a one to1 three year term. Miss Mitchell was struck and fatally injured by Gravitt’s car. on the night of August 11 as] she and her husband, Johh H. Marsh, were crossing Peachtree street en route to a theater. ROlWforRW Of Most Excise Taxes; Sees Little Net Loss Joint Hearing Is Told Wartime Levy Hinders Economy in Peace By J. A. O'Leory Repeal of most wartime excise taxes was urged today by Beards ley Ruml, New York businessman, testifying before a House-Senate Economic Subcommittee on fiscal policies. Although M. Ruml appeared with J. Cameron Thomson as spokesmen for the Committee for Economic Development, he em-j phasized that his recommendation on excise levies represented only his own views. Mr. Ruml, author of the pay-as you-go income tax plan, said he would not include alcoholic lio.uors, tobacco or gasoline in the imme diate excise reductions, because they were recognized sources of revenue before the war. Sales Would Offset Loss. “The taxes I am talking about were put on during the war for punitive purposes to save cloth or other commodities or manpower,” he explained. “This bundle of taxes should be repealed as being contrary to a non-discriminatory peacetime program. Then I would appraise the results to de termine what offsetting action is necessary.” Mr. Ruml said his knowledge of the fur industry in New York leads him to believe the net loss will be much smaller than would appear because increased sales would produce added revenue and more employment. The wartime levies he has in mind would include jewelry, fur coats, electric bulbs, transporta tion, communications, cosmetics, luggage and admission tickets. Douglas Cites Liquor Tax. “You say you would not touch liquor, but I believe liquor was trebled in tax rates during the war,” Senator Douglas, Democrat, of Illinois, interjected. Mr. Ruml said he would not con sider them “in this package,” to which Senator Douglas replied, “You would give them secondary consideration.” Mr. Ruml said estimates of the revenue loss from his proposal range all the way from $1,700,000, 000 to $2,500,000,000, but he sug gested these estimates do not al ~ (See ECONOMIC, Page A-7.) Air Collision Kills 3 KIMBERLEY, England, Nov. 23 UP).—A collision between a twin jet Meteor and a single-engined training plane took the lives of three British airmen today. The RAF planes were on a training flight. New England Nipped By Subzero Weather; D, C. Has Low of 28 Freezing Cold Extends As Far South as Florida, But Skies Are Sunny By the Associated Press Subzero weather nipped North ern New England today, and it was freezing or below throughout the East as far south as Northern Florida. (The Washington Weather Bureau said good weather, fea turing mostly sunny skies and brisk temperatures, would pre vail here after the mercury drfiipped to a season 16w of 28 degrees at 5:10 a.m. today. (Southwesterly winds of 20 , to 26 miles an hour were ex pected this afternoon, but the temperature should stay in the upper 30s tonight and rise to about 50 tomorrow.) The night time and early morn ing minimum temperatures in cluded 5 below zero at Houlton, Me.; 3 above at Montpelier, Vt.: 6 above at Lebanon, N. H.; 13 at Worcester and Pittsfield, Mass.; 16 at Plainfield, N. J„ 14 at Al bany, N. Y„ and 17 at Hartford, Conn., and Providence, R. I. Below Normal on Atlantic. Temperatures in upper New England were as far as 20 de grees below normal, and the variation ranged southward to a milder 10 degrees below normal. Extreme Northern Florida had one 28 degree low recorded, bui temperatures in the State aver aged four degrees higher than forecast as a mass of warm moist air moved in from the Atlantic. The unusual lows extended westward into the Ohio Valley. Tallahassee. Fla., where the normal temperature for the sea son is around 48 degrees, re ported a low of 31 degrees. Jack sonville had a low of 34. Montgomery, Ala., with a nor mal of 43.2 degrees, had a mini mum of 26 degrees. Birmingham’s 27 degrees was 10 lower than nor mal. The southern half of Florida reported near normal tempera tures, with Miami’s minimum 54. Plains Area Milder. In Ohio, low temperatures were generally about five degrees under seasonal. In Indiana and Illinois conditions were very close to nor mal—a shade warmer in some lo calities. Rockford’s 28 in Illinois was normal. Springfield with 34 and Peoria’s 31 were a degree above seasonal averages. Much of the Great Plains area (See WEATHER, Page A-6.) Third Child Born in Plane Over Atlantic in 35 Days By tht Asieciottd Prtts STORNAWAY, Scotland, Nov. 23. — The airplane seems to be replacing the stork in bringing babies into the world these days. A boy was born last night in a plane carrying his mother over the isolated outer Hebrides Islands to a hospital. He was the third child born over the Atlantic in the last 35 days. The mother is Mrs. Margaret MacLellan, who has four other children. She was flying here from her home on the island of South Uist, off the northwest coast of Scotland. A boy was born October 18 to Mrs. Charles Parker, wife of a United States Air Force sergeant, while she was flying from New York to Germany to join her hus band. Last Wednesday a girl was born to Mrs. Leokadia Rol biecki on a plane ctirrying dis placed persons from Germany to New York. ERP Balked Reds In West Europe, Senators Find Thomas Lauds Sweden For 'Best Financial Condition' in World By the Associated Press PARIS, Nov. 23.—Seven Ameri can Senators said today they are convinced the Marshall Plan has saved Western Europe from Com munism. ‘‘I am encouraged by what we have seen and will so report to the Senate,” said Senator Thomas, Democrat, of Oklahoma, chairman of the Senate Appropriations Com mittee's Armed Forces Subcom mittee, which the group represents. Senator Thomas told a news conference “I am proud of the people of Europe for trying to stand on their own feet.” He had some words of praise for Sweden which he had earlier criticized for being inhospitable to his commit tee. “Sweden” he said “is in the best financial condition of any country in the world, to my knowledge. In the United States we have a vast national debt and a vast budget. The Swedish people are going for ward and making great progress.” Repeats Vienna Statement. • When a Swedish reporter at the conference asked him to ex plain a statement made in Vienna last week that “Sweden is just out for some easy money,” Senator Thomas replied: “All countries are out for easy money, and any money they can get from United States taxpayers is easy money.” He repated his Vienna state ment that “Sweden is very sus picious of anybody in uniform as as possible spy.” Other members of the Sena torial party are Democratic Sen ators Chavez of New' Mexico, Mc Clellan of Arkansas, Maybank of South Carolina, Robertson of Vir ginia and Stennis of Mississippi and Republican Senator Thye of Minnesota. In brief statements to reporters each of the Senators agreed that | their tour of Europe had been j “gratifying in tj}&t we discovered the great amount of good that has been done with the United States taxpayer’s money.” Leave Tomorrow for Britain. The Senators have visited all of | Western Europe and leave tomor row for a two weeks’ tour of Eng land before sailing for home early in December. They are to visit French Premier Georges Bidault today. ' Senator Thomas commented on their visit to Spain, just before arriving in Paris Monday, by de claring, “I would vote for Spain’s inclusion in both the Marshall Plan and the Atlantic pact, if the administration of the United States and the other Atlantic pact countries approved it.” Referring to the threat of Com munism in Europe, Senator Mc Clellan described Marshall aid as “the one greatest factor in stop ping the wave of totalitarianism that was threatening to engulf Western Europe.” i The Senators refused to say whether they favored granting of additional financial support to Yugoslavia in that country’s stand against Russia. Army Transport Stands By Burning Ship Off West Coast By the Associated Press SEATTLE, Nov. 23.—The strick en freighter Eagle, third Pana manian freighter in slightly more than a month to catch Are off ! the Washington coast, drifted helplessly eariy today. ^n Army transport, Gen. H. B. Freeman, stood by awaiting arri val of the Coast Guard Cutter Winona from Port Angeles, Wash. The cutter, however, was not ex pected to reach the vessel until tonight. Weather conditions were re ported moderate at the scene, about 360 miles west-southwest of Cape Flattery, northwesternmost tip of Washington State. Romanian Minister Out BUDAPEST, Romania, Nov. 23 (A1).—Minister of Internal Trade Bucur Schiopul has been removed from his post in a shakeup of his ministry. Schiopul’s ouster leaves Prime Minister Petru Groza as the only representative of the Ploughman’s Front in the Com munist-led government. 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