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Catholic News Sellers
May Be Penalized for Handling Red Papers By tht Associated Press VATICAN CITY. Nov. 23.— Catholic news vendors who "know ingly and freely” sell Communist newspapers must be refused the sacraments, the Holy Office ruled today. It made allowances, however, for news vendors “under effective coercion” to handle Communist publications. The Holy Office ruling explained provisions of the historic papal decree of last July excommuni cating Catholics who militantly defend Communism and denying the holy sacraments to those who “publish, read or disseminate books, newspapers or leaflets in support of Communist doctrine a a a M Clarification Requested. It was in reply to a request from Ernesto Cardinal Ruffini, archbishop of Palermo, Sicily, for clarification of the decree. In his request, the cardinal said certain news vendors were in a “difficult situation.” He explained that certain union organizations had threatened to withdraw all newspapers from vendors refusing to handle Communist publica tions. The Holy Office’s reply stated: “In some cities the union or ganizations, from which the dis tribution of newspapers depends, are insisting vigorously on the ob ligation of news vendors not to ban from their newsstands this or that paper under penalty of not receiving a supply of other papers. Imposition Can Be Eluded. “In other cities, on the contrary, news vendors can without diffi culty elude such imposition. “It is clear that if the news vendors can, without grave danger to himself, avoid selling the pro hibited papers, such news vendor, if he does not comply with pro visions of the known decree of the Holy Office, performs ‘know ingly and freely’ the actions for which the known sanctions are provided. “If, on the contrary, the news vendor finds himself under the effective coercion of said unions, his material co-operation can be tolerated provided his obligation of conscience to limit such co operation as far as possible re mains unchanged. “This is a thing which can be done within the small industries in which the news vendors himself is expert and which it is not nec essary to list here.” Sacraments May Be Denied. The Holy Office, charged with defending the faith against false doctrines, thus sought to encour age Catholic newspaper distribu tion to limit the sale of Commu nist publications “as far as pos sible.” Vendors who continue to sell j Communist publications “know-J lngly and freely” thus are to be refused the seven sacraments of baptism, confirmation, holy eu charist, penance, extreme* unction, j holy orders and matrimony. In Italy, the Holy.jOffioe-ruling affftSte-me da8r^fc*M*»SKfir- - gan"smita,” the Communist Par ty’s weekly magazine “Vie Nuove” and other lesser publications sup porting the Communist doctrine. In the United States and Britain it applies to the Communist “Daily Worker/*_ Consul (Continued From First Page.) courage to take over duties which few Americans would dare to j face.” Those duties sent Mr. Ward to Vladivostok in 1940, where he opened what was then the only American consulate in Russia out side Moscow. It has since been closed. As consul general there Mr. Ward was allowed to speak to no one but his Russian diplo matic contact. The consulate general, where Mr. Ward lived, was bathed in the glare of search lights all night, every night. He and his staff were virtual pris oners in the cold Russian port. The Canadian-born diplomat left Vladivostok in 1944, and came back to the United States. He was soon off again, this time to Teheran, capital of Iran. There he and Ambassador George V. Al len fought the diplomatic battle of Azerbaijan. The two were instru mental in keeping that province within the northern Iranian boun dary, despite a Soviet-supported movement for an independent Azerbaijan. In 1946, Mr. Ward left Teheran (where he had augmented his col lection of fine rugs) for his pres ent post in Mukden. Mr. Ward, who was bom in Alvinston, Canada, is a natural ized American citizen. He gradu ated from high school in Chassell, Mich., and attended Valpariso University. After serving as a lieutenant in the Army during World War I and engaging for a time in the shipping and export business, he worked for two years with the Bureau of Internal Revenue, be fore being appointed a foreign service officer. He and his Finnish wife collect pets and took a white duck with them from Teheran to Mukden. Also part of the household at Muk den were three prize Angora cats. A fourth escaped and was the object of an unsuccessful search in 1947. Although Mr. Ward quit his for mal education after four years of undergraduate work, he is known to be a man of unusual culture and scholarship. He speaks fluent Russian, German, French, Chinese and some Mongolian dialects. He is a top expert on Mongolia. A former member of his Mukden staff says Mr. Ward is “not an office-sitter and stale-report writ er.” He managed to get over much of Manchuria and “see it for him self” before the Communist gov ernment took over. When television is produced with invisible light such as infra red rays it is known as "nocto vision.” LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION METHODS SHOWN — Language Students Wilfred Madelung and George Beshaxa (foreground), study Arabic at Georgetown University’s Institute of Languages as left to right, Instructor Jean Deny, Father Edmund A. Walsh, vice president of the university, and Leon Dostert, director of the institute, watch demonstrations in new classroom. —star stall jrnoto. Ward (Continued From First Page.! the charges "trumped up,” but said today it has not received a report from Mr. Ward on what actually happened. The individual sentences im posed by the Mukden Commu nists: Mr. Ward, six months’ imprison ment, one-year parole. Ralph C. Rehberg of Rochester, N. Y., a clerk, and Alfred Kristan, alien employe, four months’ im prisonment, one-year parole. Shiro Tatsumi, Japanese-Amer-I ican mechanic, and Frank Cicog nia. alien employe, three months' imprisonment, one-year parole. Extra Pay Demanded. In Rochester, Mrs. Edward J. Rehberg, mother of Mr. Rehberg, greeted the news with, “Isn’t that just wonderful!” Her first word of her son's re lease came in a telephone call from the State Department. Mr. Ward also reported that in addition to being charged with the assault on a Chinese worker, he was charged with certain finan cial obligations, including com pensation to the injured, severance pay and extra salary payments. The State Department said the last two charges are in connec tion with closing of the Consulate and discharge of the staff which had been ordered last May. Before his arrest, Mr. Ward had" been denied promised transpor-' tation facilities for him and his staff to leave Mukden. The^ con sular staff and their families have been detained under house arrest inside the consular com pound since last November. In his message to other gov ernments having representatives in China, Mr. Acheson pointed out that treatment of Mr. Ward and his staff by Chinese Com munists “is in direct violation of the basic concepts of interna tional relations which have been developed throughout the cen tures.” Mr. Acheson told a news con ference last week that the United States could not even consider recognition of the Chinese Com munist regime while they were acting the way they were in the Ward case. There was no im mediate comment as to what effect the release of the Ward group may have on the recognition ques tion. Any consideration will undoubt edly await the safe departure of Mr. Ward and his staff from China and positive action by the Communist authorities to make sure that American officials would not receive similar treatment in the future. •_ Economic (Continued From First Page.) low for the offsetting benefits to which he referred. Reluctant to Drop Levy. Senator Douglas, subcommittee chairman, said “much as I would like to be a benefactor” to persons affected by these taxes, he feels a reluctance to abandon these taxes, “until I know what other sources you could turn to, if we are going to try to balance the budget.” Senator Douglas asked both wit nesses from the CED what spe cific recommendations they have for the 1950-51 budget. They said they are working on a statement they hope to send Congress in January. Earlier, Mr. Thomson outlined the long-range program of CED for achieving a stable economy. He called the present tax structure “heavy” and “bady constructed.” Here again, however, he said CED is still studying the problem of how to improve the tax structure. The CED recommended creation of a commission which could spend two or three years studying the Nation’s monetary, fiscal and budget problems in search of the best methods of dealing with busi ness depressions or inflation. The CED is a non-profit, private planning agency, set up by a group of businessmen in 1942 to study and prepare for postwar problems. MYou can't mitt with • iiiivti •TELEVISION m See it at FRANK R Mumannon UDIOl^iUyillON ♦ MCMM 7920 Go. Arc. SH. 4465 • OPEN EVE. ‘Til 9 PM. No Texts Used for Three Months I n Georgetown Language School A school where textbooks are not seen for the first three months, and movies and picture slides predominate as teaching methods, was formally shown yes terday. The Institute of Languages and Linguistics of the Foreign Service School of Georgetown University, which opened a month ago, is teaching languages in an unusual way. The classes are small, only five or six in some, and the students don’t even get to read the new language during the first 10 weeks. The instruction is given by audio visual methods with oral repeti tion, tape recordings and picture slide's as aids in learning and be ing able to use at least 60 foreign words during the first nine days. The institute teaches 17 lan guages, but there are only 130 stu dents in the newly furnished classrooms at 1719 Massachusetts avenue N.W. The language courses run for three years, with a year spent abroad studying in the na tive country of the language. Allied subjects are studied with the foreign tongue. The history of the country, political and eco nomic, and the customs and litera ture of the people is taught so students are at home not only in the foreign land but in. its CUStQihSx , adi m’-<V ( ''We are interested in the end result, knowing the language,” Leon E. Dogtert, director of the ’school, explained.' * af‘ , j “Examinations are given at the end of the year and are compre hensive,” he said. “Students are not graded but only informed of their progress.” Demonstrations were given in the classroom of the school. Desks with partitions between them were equipped with a magnetic tape recorder and ear phones. Students heard only the unknown language and repeated orally the words and phrases of the teacher. Recordings can be made so the individual can listen to his pro nunciation for mistakes. In structors speak only in the un known language and explain by pictures, gestures and comparison, new words and rules of grammar. Another classroom, resembling a miniature United Nations As Briton Questions Methods Of Trash, Garbage Disposal Lack of uniformity among American cities in garbage collec tion and disposal is the most im portant single health factor re vealed today in a two-month study by J. C. Dawes of the English Min istry of Health. Mr. Dawes, an internationally famous sanitation expert, con ducted his study In this country under the sponsorship of the World Health Organization. “The thing I find most difficult to understand is the great varia tion in methods—or lack of meth ods—in both the collection and disposal of domestic trash and garbage.” Dr. Leonard A. Scheele, Surgeon General of the United States Pub lic Health Service, expressed sat isfaction with the study. When the final report comes in, he said, “I hope that he will pull no punches in calling attention to our shortcomings in this all-im portant phase of environmental sanitation.” Frugal Fred says: ( Look in the I Yellow Pages far ACCOUNTANTS ADDINS MACHINES TYPEWRITERS \OR ALMOST ANYTHING HU j sembly hall, has about 40 seats with headphones equipped to give simultaneous translation in five languages. Students with only a few months study of a language demonstrated the complex setup. Turn a selector switch at your side to “1” and a simultaneous translation of a speaker’s words is heard in English. Other transla tions in Spanish, French, German and Russian can also be heard on the system w'ith a flick of the switch. Five glassed-in booths in the room house the translators. Army to Back Denial Of Bidding Favoritism Next Week at Hearing ly the Associated Press Army officials are due to testify! in person next week in support of an Army denial that its Quarter master Corps showed favoritism, i or worse, in awarding a $100,000 contract. The denial, and the allegations which led to it, were given to aj House Judiciary subcommittee yes-' terday. The group is studying monopoly power in business and the possible need for anti-trust law revision on behalf of small businesses. The subcommittee heard testi mony from a Phidadelphia manu facturer that the Chicago quarter master’s office allegedly tailored specifications on a $100,000 order, for electric coolers in favor of the Westinghouse Electric Co. Claims Low Bid. Orville Morrison, head of the Sunroc Refrigerator Co. of Phil adelphia, said his firm was low bidder on the order but lost out. He complained that bid re quirements were made to fit the Westinghouse product by “word ing Westinghouse sales literature into Federal specifications.” This, he said, froze out small com panies. If not deliberate, Mr. Morrison told the committee, it was “the strangest coincidence in history.” Calling for an official study of the allegations by the Justice De partment and .military authori ties, Chairman Celler told report ers “these are serious charges.” He added that, if true, it would be a case of "what’s known as rigging bids.” The Army said in a statement that it “was requested and wel comes the opportunity to be heard in the matter.” It added, with respect to the complaint of tailor ing specifications to suit one firm, that "10 responsible refrigeration suppliers agreed to furnish water coolers in compliance with the specifications.” Contract Was Approved. Also, the statement continued, the Army judge advocate general had looked into the contract award to Westinghouse and found it proper. A Westinghouse spokesman at Pittsburgh said last night that the company received an Army order for 800 coolers last month. He added: “We definitely deny ‘Westing house sales literature’ was written into the specifications. The busi ness was secured in the ordinary routine manner of dealing with the Government.” Representative Celler said he would welcome the testimony of Maj. Gen. Herman Feldman, the Army's quartermaster general. Gen. Feldman was suspended from his job for a time this year. That was when the so-called “five percenter” inquiry brought out his acquaintanceship with lames V. Hunt, one of the Washington business agents who help get Gov ernment contracts for a fee. Gen. Feldman later was found by the Army to have committed no dis honest act and was restored to duty with a rebuke for errors of judgment. Recessed Until Monday. The monopoly hearings are in recess until Monday. Mr. Morrison's account of his troubles with the Quartermaster Corps related that he had writ ten 58 letters to the Army with out satisfaction. No other small refrigerator manufacturers have had the cour age to “open their mouth for fear of reprisal from the big com panies,” he went on. “But not a single solitary fact presented by me has been contro verted in any manner all the way up to Secretary of Defense Johnson’s office.” Widow of Ludendorff Tried on Nazi Charge By the Associated Press MUNICH, Nov. 23.—‘The widow of Germany’s World War I chief of staff, Field Marshal Erich Lu dendorff, went on trial today be fore a German denazification court. The prosecution asked that she be classed as a major Nazi—sub ject to 10 years' internment. She is charged with attacking the Jewish and Christian faiths in published articles. Mrs. Ludendorff. 72, denied on the witness stand that she was anti-Semitic or that she support ed Adolf Hitler's aggressive war aims. Girl, 7, Identifies Man In Beating, Assault By the Associated Press CROOKSTON, Minn., Nov. 23. An unemployed cook was held in jail lor further questioning today after a 7-year-old girl identified him as the man who abducted and attacked her and then left her for dead beside a haystack. The man, identified by authori ties as Raymond Dempsey, last night was brought before Vivian Shannon of nearby Red Lake Falls in a hospital where she is recovering. ‘‘I am very sure it is the same man.” Vivian said. "I’m sure not the guy,” said Dempsey. He was taken back to jail, where he is held without charge. Dempsey, 25, is married and the father of a three-year-old daugh ter. “We think we’re right in hold ing Dempsey,” said Sheriff Noel J. Proulx of Red Lake County, "but we need more evidence.” Vivian was seized by a man in a car on the street in Red Lake Falls late Monday. Early yester day she wandered into a farm home 12 miles to the north. The child was frost-bitten by the 10 degree cold. She was scratched and her throat bore marks of a choking attempt. Dr. L. N. Dale said the child had been sexually molested before she was left for dead beside a hay stack. She was in good condition at a Crookston hospital today. Vivian told officers her ab ductor’s auto had gone into the ditch as he drove her about on rural roads in this northwestern Minnesota area. She also said what appeared to be a dog or deer was in the back seat of the car. Sheriff Proulx said he and his deputies found a man who said he had helped pull Dempsey's auto out of a ditch. Growers Pay Big Taxes | Income taxes ranging from $8, 000 to $48,000 were paid in 1948 by some grape growers in the De | Doom district of South Africa, Worcester reports. In one case, 1 the assessment ran to $68,000. , ■ A City Orders End Of Houseboat 3 3 'Tenements' * , ■ The Commissioners have put 'an ’ end to something that had prac tically vanished anyway—the waterfront “floating tenement” rtf, the war years. < rTri> In an amendment to the policy,, regulations adopted yesterday, th£ city heads ruled that houseboat*^ ■ and other harbor craft may no longer be used as other than*,, single-family dwellings. Col. Thomas J. Hayes III, as sistant engineer commissioner, ex plained that, during the war, there were 15 or 20 craft of various sizes, shapes and riggings that were rented out to boarders forced to the waterfront by the housing shortage. Col. Hayes explained that only - one such dwelling is still in use—- _ the vessel Tech anchored at 950 Maine avenue S.W. and occupied.** by about 10 boarders. He sajd.n. the regulation will go into effeqfr,,,, within 30 days, as soon as it c^ftf;, be published. Jnas -- zuoti 3 Youths Seized After Chaste Held in Taking Priest's CaY * Charges of unauthorized use of an automobile were placed against three youths yesterday who were arrested with the aid of two alert Catholic priests. William H. Baxter, 18, colored, of the 600 block of M street N.W., ^ was held in Municipal Court for '' grand jury action. Bond was set"” at $2,000. His companions, botft“'* 17 years old, were turned over to juvenile authorities. The youths were arrested Mon day night shortly after the Rev?*: Joseph B. Coyne of St. Gabriel’i ■ Church, 26 Grant Circle N.W., saW3r" three boys driving off in his car.' He phoned police while the Rev;'17 John Roeder gave chase in his car. Father Coyne’s car stopped a few blocks away, and one boy ran ' down an alley. Father Roeder and Police Pvt. Walter Dawson, who had responded on a radio call, soon caught up with the fugitive. 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