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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 28, 1949, Image 11

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Truman's Personality
Seen Unchanged by
Ghost-Writer Shift
Clifford's Resignation
Held Not Affecting
Fair Deal Policies
By David Lawrence
Is there such a President as
Harry S. Truman, or is the pres
idency today a sort of synthetic
personality which is revealed to
the public in the form of ghost
written speeches and statements?
This question is asked only be
cause of the impression created
by some of the comments being
made on the announcement that
Clark Clifford, ghost-writer-in
chief at the White House, is re
signing to return to the practice
of law. It is being suggested in
some quarters that the “Fair
Deal” is now in danger of being
upset by conservatives in the in
ner circle and that a different
Truman would emerge if the
President engaged a different
sort of ghost-writer.
This correspondent, as has
been indicated occasionally in
these dispatches, does not think
most of the Truman policies in
domestic affairs have been soundly
conceived, though agreeing in
large part with the international
policies. To say, however, that
whether national or international,
the policies of the American
Government are entirely those of
an anonymous group of advisers
is to underestimate Harry S. Tru
It seems to have become a habit
with people who do not agree
with the President to attribute his
policies- to persons other than
himself. It seems to have become
a habit, also, to underestimate
Mr. Truman as did most all po
litical observers in the campaign
of 1948.
Adroit politician.
One doesn’t have to agree with
the policies of the President at all
to recognize that he is an adroit
politician with an innate judg
ment which differs entirely from
FDR’s intuitive process and yet
yields political policies that in
some cases are as good if not bet
ter than those of his illustrious
The Pendergast school of po
litical behaviorism is distasteful
to the moralists in political
thinking but Kansas City is a
place where a politician can learn
> the facts of political life. Mr.
Truman learned ward politics in
his home precincts. As the song
in “Oklahoma!” goes: “Every
thing is up-to-date in Kansas
City—they’ve gone about as far
as they can go.”
Many years ago this correspond
ent, as a boy waiting to carry
election returns, watched the dol
lar bills being handed out as hun
dreds of voters approached the
polls in a ward where machine
politics flourished. But there is
another side to ward politics. It
has to do with the benevolence of
the ward politician and his under
standing of the hundred and one
problems of the ward family.
Many a ward politician has
learned that simple paternalism
£ pays Off where direct purchase of
°.r votes would involve too stupendous
* a cost.
The Fundamental Lesson.
The fundamental lesson of ward
politics is that the maximum eco
nomic good of the maximum num
ber cannot be overlooked between
elections and that it is not enough
to buttonhole the voters on elec
tion day on their way to the voting
Harry Truman learned some
thing of the psychology of voter
groups at the ward level. He
learned party loyalty and personal
loyalty there. He first began to
apply his schooling to national
affairs when he became a United
States Senator. Anybody who
wants to find out what kind of a
progressive or liberal or radical
Mr. Truman is needs only to ex
amine his speeches and statements
when he was in the Senate—long
before anyone dreamed he would
be in the White House.
It is true that much of what
Mr. Truman has issued has been
ghost-written. This in itself is not
Important. All Presidents have had
their ghost-writers. All Presidents
receive gratuitous advice in the
form of countless letters and
memoranda on every subject of
j,. importance as It arises. The vital
point is not that a President ac
" cepts bodily the phrases and para
- graphs and whole statements sub
mitted to him by others. It is
that, using his own judgment, he
- is able to decide first of all what
strategy he wants to pursue and
a then select from all the words be
lore him those that reflect what
he most wants to say.
Clark Clifford has done an esti
mable service for Mr. Truman but
it is doubtful whether we shall
have a different presidential per
sonality just because ghost-writers
r are being changed at the White
u House. It isn’t that simple.
(Reproduction Rilhts Reserved)
Westminster Memorial
Dedication Set Dec. 11
WESTMINSTER. Md., Nov. 28.
- —Dr. Lowell S. Ensor, president
of Western Maryland College, will
fr' preside at the dedication cere
1' monies December 11 of West
* minster’s war memorial.
All of the town’s musical groups
t and military and civic organiza
tions have been Invited to par
b ticipate in the parade which will
■5 precede the dedication exercises.
The parade will form at 2:30 pjn.
n and march from Court street to
the memorial at West Main street
• -1 and Pennsylvania avenue._
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Zemo u backed by amazing record
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This Changing World
British Pressure, Religious Issue Held
Obstacles to U. S.-Spanish Relations
By Constantine Brown
MADRID (By Airmail).-4There
are two chief obstacles to the re
newal of closer relationships be
tween the United States and
Spain, accord
ing to top
Spanish offi
One i s the
belief in the
United States
that Spanish
non - Catholics
(about 52,000)
are being inter
fered with by
the Spanish
g o v e r n m ent.
The other is in
direct pressure
from Britain to
prevent the normalization of offi
cial American-Spanish economic
and diplomatic intercourse.
The first obstacle, according to
Spanish and American observers,
could be ironed out without diffi
culty if the American people were
made aware that many reports of
| interference have been exag
gerated, and if the Spanish gov
ernment, realizing that there is
no effort on our part to coerce it
in domestic matters, became more
liberal in granting the requests of
American Protestant clergymen.
There was a request, for in
stance, from a Baptist minister to
permit the building of a new
chapel in Barcelona. The request
was not turned down; it was
merely ignored. Considering the
very small number of Baptists in
that city, the Spanish authorities
apparently consider that two
chapels are sufficient. At home
this attitude is interpreted as
flagrant violation of the right of
religious freedom.
Religious matters play an im
portant role in this Catholic coun
try, as they do in America. Some
members of the Catholic hierarchy
here unquestionably put pressure
on the lay authorities, pointing out
that regardless of how much the
laws of religious freedom have
been liberalized, the United States
persists in its hostile attitude to
ward the present regime. As soon
as more concessions are made, the
members of the hierarchy say,
other demands will be forthcom
ing, without any change in Wash
ington’s attitude toward Madrid.
Needs t hurcn support.
The Franco government, which
cannot count on any friends
among the principal Western Eur
opean governments, needs the sup
port of even the most conservative
members of the national church.
Its position might become serious
ly jeopardized if it does not yield
to these elements without a coun
terpart of good will from America.
But all this could change if Wash
ington and Madrid approached the
existing problem in a friendly
spirit of mutual give and take.
The question of British influ
ence in Washington against re
sumption of normal relations with
Spain is a much more difficult
matter, however. The Spaniards
are convinced that the United
States Government will do noth
ing to embarrass the British Labor
government. The British elections
are not far off and the Labor
government, which has been hos
tile to Spain ever since it came to
power, feels that its chances of
winning might diminish if Amer
ica resumes normal ties with
So long as Clement Attlee re
mains Prime Minister no real im
provement in political relations
between Britain and Spain can be
expected. In the files of the Span
ish government is a photograph
which, it says, speaks for itself. It
shows Mr. Attlee surrounded by
Communist leaders reviewing the
British section of the Interna
tional Brigade in Madrid in 1937.
He also was giving the clenched
fist salute.
In the same files, which are
made available to all who want to
see them, there is also the original
message from Mr. Attlee, who was
then a member of Parliament, to
the British section of the Brigade.
The message extends the con
gratulations of Mr. Attlee’s coun
trymen and his expression of pride
at the good work the Britons were
doing. It ends with the Marxist
slogan, “Workers of the World
This may have been an act of
exuberance by the then more
youthful Attlee, who may not
have expected to become the
highest ranking dignitary in the
United Kingdom. It may have
been intended to add a number of
votes to the Labor Party, which
had not yet become as powerful
as it is today. But it is difficult
to convince any Spaniard that in
a democracy words and gestures
do not always represent deep con
The argument frequently used
here by foreigners is that If the
British Prime Minister still holds
the feelings he held in 1937 he
certainly would not have permit
ted his government to sign a
$200,000,000 trade agreement
with Spain, thus giving the
Franco regime a breathing spell.
Business Comes first.
To these logical arguments the
reply is that the British have
never mixed business with poli
tics and that business always
comes first. In the 1949-50 agree
ment the British certainly are not
the losers. Moreover, they know
that as soon as the American
Government decides to withdraw
the present political and economic
boycott of Spain, British and
French interests may suffer, inas
much as they will no longer be
able to dump into Spain leftover
Marshall Plan goods.
As an additional argument that
the British Prime Minister and
his colleagues sometimes use un
savory methods to undermine the
Spanish regime and create chaos
here, a recent incident is brought
to the public’s attention.
A gang of forgers was discov
ered in Brussels this month. They
specialized in manufacturing
Spanish currency. One of the
leaders of the ring was arrested
and confessed to the Belgian se
curity police that he had been ad
vised and assisted in his work by
British intelligence agents—
there are about a dozen of them—
in Madrid.
The story, which was published
in Spanish and Belgian papers,
was never denied. Currency sa
botage -is harmful. The Spaniards
believe that similar sabotage is
taking place in Washington,
where a number of politicians
would consider the defeat of the
British Labor Party next year as
a threat to the fabric of the Eco
nomic Co-operation Administra
tion, the Atlantic pact and the
military aid program._
’Welfare State’ Issue
Writer Recalls Business Welfare
Aided by RFC in Hoover Days
By Thomas L. Stokes
It is easy to forget history, even
rather recent history that has left
a deep imprint on our thinking
and our impulses.
But it is helpful to recall it, if
we hope to
understand the
now raging is
sue over the
“welfare state,”
so-called, so
that we can
proceed calmly
and in good
temper to meet
it, and without
name ; calling
and the apo
plectic furies.
Twenty years
ago a great de
pression broke Thom“ u stoll“
upon the country with the New
York stock market crash. Whose
“welfare” was the first official
concern then? Well, those of us
who worked day and night
through those times here can tell
you. It was banks, business and
industry. They were quick to call
for relief and they got it when
Congress, at the request of Presi
dent Hoover, set up the giant Re
construction Finance Corp. for
loans to banks, businesses and in
The idea was to save them by
bolstering up their capital struc
tures and, as regards the general
situation in the country, the
theory was that this would keep
them going and thus-provide con
tinued employment. It was re
lief from the top. It didn’t do
the Job. Unemployment continued
to mount into millions.
Resisted Federal Seller.
While President Hoover also set
up a committee here to do some
thing about'unemployment on a
voluntary basis with industry, he
resisted direct Federal relief on
the principle that the Federal
Government should not enter this
field, as he thought that many
dangerous things might follow
that system. Eventually he did
consent to loans from the RFC to
States — $300,000,000 altogether
— for them to provide direct re
lief themselves, a compromise
with the principle, Which Con
gress sanctioned. Subsequently
all those loans were cancelled.
None was ever paid back.
President Roosevelt, his succes
sor, did go to direct relief, but
reluctantly, and only after find
ing out the States had no funds
to do it.
There are two points to consider
in that earlier history. First, that
the natural impulse then was to
move first to relief of banks, busi
ness and industry, which repre
sented an attitude generally ac
cepted in Government. Second,
that during those years the
American people became so
security-conscious from the grim
experience of unemployment and
hunger that the Roosevelt ad
ministration was impelled to move
naturally to provide protection in
their jobs and in old age, among
other things, to readjust our
economy. That was a new atti
It still persists today in an un
certain world. It has influenced
every election since, including that
of last November 8. It is an in
disputable fact of modem ma
chine-age civilization and its
politics. We all might as well
begin to live with it.
Can Be Overdone.
So today the “welfare em
bodied in the Truman program is
that for rank and file citizens
relating to better living conditions
and protection against sickness,
unemployment and old age for
those not yet' Included. It can,
of course, be overdone at the ex
pense of the health of our general
economy. But the purpose is
sound. And anybody who has
watched Congress over a long
period is rrot really concerned
that Congress will let it get be
yond bounds. In this field, as
recent history shows, Congress
has served as quite a checks-and
balances force, only relenting last
session, after ten years, to move
forward slowly again on the social
welfare front.
This has created all the uproar.
An old reporter recognizes among
those sardonic clamorers against
the “welfare state” the familiar
faces of some who came rushing
down here in that earlier era to
get some "welfare” in the shape
of RFC loans.'
' Instead of getting red in the
face mouthing the new slogans, it
would seem the sensible thing to
do is to sit down and see how
much of these things we can do
with other demands on our econ
omy, as, for example, a very re
spected Republican leader, Senator
Taft of Ohio, announces he now
is ready to do in regard to expan
sion of our social security system.
He advocates a thorough study by
the Senate Finance Committee
early next session of the social
security expansion bill passed last
session by the House, to see
whether the Senate should accept
that, do less, or do more.
Senator Taft is no radical, but
he is sensible.
—By Harry Hanan
madame clg\
beauty SALON
Rebirth of Cartels
Monopolies That Served Axis Powers
Seeking to Regroup in Japan, Europe
By Doris Fleeson
The cartels and monopolies
which served the Axis powers so
well are seeking to regroup both
in Japan and Europe. Evidence
to this effect is
reaching the
Capital In ways
that cannot be
ignored, and
the problem of
how best to
cast America’s
weight against
the old prac
tices is increas
ingly to the fore
in the State De
partment, the
Army and the
Economic Co
operation Ad- d®'’1*
The Army, which still bears
full responsibility for occupied
Japan, may act this week. With
the approval of Gen. MacArthur,
Edward C. Welsh, chief of the
anti-trust and cartels division in
Tokyo, has been reporting person
ally to Assistant Secretary Voor
hees on economic developments
The considerable rightist ele
ments in the Japanese govem
jment, he explained to Mr. Voor
I hees, are attempting to make eco
nomic recovery an excuse to
weaken the occupation’s fair
trade practice laws and re-estab
lish the monopolies and combines.
What is needed, he thinks, is a
stem public warning that these
efforts must cease, that there is
no conflict between economic re
covery and private competition.
Japanese Encouraged.
The Japanese now seeking to
ditch the basic economic reforms
of the occupation have been en
couraged by several factors. One
is the shift in emphasis to eco
nomic recovery, as expressed by
the rising demand in Congress
that we must take the occupied
countries off the backs of the
American taxpayers.
Another is the fact that a peace
treaty for ,Japan is in the works
which Is bound to loosen* both the
actual and moral controls now ex
ercised by the occupation. Jap
anese politicians, aware that con
siderably more freedom to run
things to suit themselves is just
around the comer, are stalling
while business interests quietly
prepare to remake some of their
old arrangements.
Mr. Welsh asserts strongly that
the Japanese will do no more to
democratize their economy along
free-enterprise lines than the oc
cupation demands. He has had
long experience with them; it was
under his direction that the oc
cupation smashed the Mitsui, Mit
subishi and other holding com
panies which became familiar to
America in the ’thirties when they
dumped Japanese goods indis
criminately in order to get dollars
for scrap iron to make war.
Same Obstacles.
Mr. Welsh talks of Japan, but
ECA, which Is promoting the eco
nomic union of Europe, describes
the same obstacles. The right,
which likes political and economic
centralization, has naturally prof
ited from the Allied necessity for
“Saved my Life
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> i
building up opposition to Com
munism. It moved cautiously at
first: now in the economy recov
ery cycle it more boldly proclaims
its efficiency, its right to do busi
ness as usual in its familiar pat
In Europe the problem is com
plicated by the fact that the Ger
man cartelists had partners among
the Western powers, including
some of our Atlantic Pact allies.
Japan, howevet1, cannot resist a
firm United States demand on it
to abide by the democratic re
forms of the occupation.
Gen. MacArthur strongly de
sires that a fair, just peace treaty
shall be obtained as soon as pos
sible. He can then retire in a
blaze of glory—the man who beat
Japan, democratized her and gave
her back her government. But he
does not want to lose ground
gained. Probably he is also
shrewdly aware that no Senate
will ratify a peace treaty for a
Japan plainly headed back toward
an economic oligarchy.
(Released br the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Bishop Gibson to Speak
At St. George's Church
The Right Rev. Robert F. Gib
son, jr., suffragan bishop of the
Episcopal Diocese of Virginia, will
speak at the annual Every
Member Canvass dinner meeting
of St. George's Church, Ninth and
North Nelson streets, Arlington, at
6:30 p.m. Thursday.
The visit will be Bishop* Gibson’s
first to St. George’s since his
recent election.
Visualizes New York
Seceding from State
By Henry McLemore
(The question of a 49th State,
with New York City seceding from
New York State to form a com
monwealth of its own, has been
Who knows but that we’ll soon
be reading dis
patches like
Up Front
With New York
City Troops. —
Striking at 10
in the evening,
when they knew
all Yonkers
would be asleep,
Stork Club
Comma ndos
under the com
mand of Brig.
Gen. Sherman
Billingsley to- He «-y McLemore.
night captured this New York
State outpost.
In a walkie-talkie message to
GHQ, Gen. Billingsley said a Stork
Club tie was flying abovf the
Yonkers City Hall and he had
awarded Silver Stars to all the of
ficers and Bronze Stars to all the
men who had participated in the
attack, most of whom were gin
rummy and canasta expendables
from the Cub Room.
* * w ^
Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt, in
command of the Belmont, Ja
maica, Empire and Aqueduct race
tracks defense, today assured New
York City’s Supreme Commander,
Gen. William O’Dwyer, that he
and his men would fight "in the
bams, on the straightway, In the
backstretch, behind the tote board,
and in the members’ enclosure
before surrendering.”
Col. Vanderbilt also reported
that his cavalry, under the com
mand of Maj. Eddie Arcaro, was
closing in on Saratoga, the last
remaining field from which New
York State troops can launch dally
doubles and three-horse parlays.
With all race tracks in New York
City’s possession New York State
will be hard pressed for money to
carry on the war.
* * * *
GENEVA, Switzerland. — Gov.
Dewey of New York State today
filed a charge with the Red Cross
that New York City’s Army was
violating the international rules
of warfare by forcing prisoners to
ride the subway during the rush
hours and bet even money that
the New York Giants would win
the 1950 National League pennant.
Gov. Dewey threatened to re
taliate by making New York City
prisoners of war bet even money
that he would be elected President
in 1952.
* * * *
CANNES, French Riviera.—Miss
Elsa Maxwell today launched a
Bundles for New York City cam
“I have heard from friends,”
she told an audience which in
cluded the Duke and Duchess of
Windsor, “that because of the
Hudson River blockade the Colony
restaurant, El Morocco, ‘21,’ and
other key points in the city’s de
fense, are down to their last hun
dred jars of caviar, and may be
forced to ration grouse, smoked
salmon, and truffles unless we
come to their aid.”
* * * *
O’Dwyer admitted tonight that
heavy fighting was going on in
and about the Copacabana night
club where Jimmy Durante and
his gallant band of chorus girls
have been under siege for three
nights. The General said that Du
rante, when asked to surrender by
a large force of Upstate farmers
had answered (through a neutral
New Jersey bookmaker): “Mc
* * * *
SOUTH BEND. Ind. — Coach
Frank Leahy would neither con
firm nor deny a report that ha
had been asked by the Federal
Government to send his team to
New York to put an end to the
! fighting.
(Distributed by MeNaught Syndicate, Inc.)
! drops of Penetro Nose Drops s
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That mid-winter holiday
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surf bathing... sightseeing and gay night life are but
a few of the activities awaiting you. And, you can
save on expenses while there. The receift devalua
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Call year traval ogant
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Bankers’ Hours
Here at the Union Trust we’re glad to work as
long as need be to help you find the proper solu
tion to your business problems—to ferret out the
.financial answers that will help you bring your
business plans to maturity.
Extra effort of this sort has enabled us to an
swer “Yes” in many situations where a cursory
examination indicated an easy “No.” It is our
policy to provide money for any reasonable,
constructive business purpose—without need
less delay—for our growth depends upon the
growth of Washington commerce and industry:
You’ll like the completeness of our many stt*
vices for commercial customers. And you can
feel sure that every safeguard is provided for the
deposits you make at this bank. Our ratio of
capital funds to deposits is exceptionally strong
(1 to 10), and of the securities we hold, 99% are
short-term government bonds.
Call on the Union Trust when you have a busi
ness banking problem. We’d welcome you here
or be glad to visit you at your office.
Union Trust Company
of the District of Columbia
15th & H Streets, N. W. 14th & G Streets, N. W.
Member Federal Deposit Insurance'Corporation
’ f

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