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Bishop Urges Britain
To Sterilize Unfit and Adopt Birth Control By the Associated Press BIRMINGHAM. England, Nov. 28.—A Church of England bishop urged Britain today to sterilize the unfit and make birth control a na tional policy. Dr. E. W. Barnes, bishop of Bir mingham, said unless this is done Britain will become perilously overcrowded. He called the Brit ish Isles “the paupers of the Eng lish-speaking world.” The bishop told the Birming ham Rotary Club that the Labor government’s welfare state has made the problem more pressing than ever. “We must get rid of the slov enly. vicious, idle wasters of the community,” Dr. Barnes declared. "Unfortunately, the welfare state Is only too likely to encourage their increase.” Cites Population Rise. Dr. Barnes said the population of England and Wales alone has risen from around 4,000,000 in Elizabethan (the 1500’s) times to 11 times that today. “We are overpopulated,” he said. “The task of buying ever larger quantities of food from abroad is most difficult for a vir tually bankrupt country.” To make things worse, he de clared, immigrants are pouring into England. “Inhabitants of the West Indian Islands who can claim British citizenship, for example, are com ing to Britain in large numbers to enjoy the benefits of the wel fare state,” Dr. Barnes said. Urges Immigration Bar. “We must limit immigration, whether from India, South Africa, the West Indies or Eastern Europe. We must educate our citizens to have smaller families, we must have medically con trolled sterilization of the grosser forms of unfitness.” Dr. Barnes said many Britons are coming around to the view that there should be medically controlled euthanacia — mercy death—for defective babies. He added: “At least 90 per cent of feeble mindedness is inherited. A time is quickly coming when steriliza tion of the unfit will have to be essential in our social organiza tion. Such sterilization may well be in fact the complement of the welfare state. “We must get rid of our slums. We must give all possible help to the poor and unfortunate. But we must not let the welfare state spoil rather than improve the quality: of our population.” Thomas' (Continued From First Page.) gence Agency. The defense chal lenged seven witnesses and the Government only two, while two others were excused by the judge lor various causes. Representative Thomas, who was indicted just after he had won easy re-election to his seventh term in Congress, faces a possi ble maximum penalty of 32 years in prison and fines of up to 440, 000. The maximum on charges of fraudulent claims against the Government is 10 years in prison on each of the counts, plus $10, 000 in fines. The conspiracy charges carry a maximum of two years in prison and fines of up to $90,000. The first Government witnesses were to be called after the lunch eon recess. It was believed the defense would offer no witnesses with the exception of character! testimony in behalf of the Repre-j sentative and his elderly former! secretary, Miss Helen Campbell. Trial Delayed by Illness. Representative Thomas, whose trial has been delayed by an ill ness which has confined him to a hospital, appeared in good health and spirits. Assistant United States Attor ney John W. Fihelly, who will help United States Attorney: George Morris Fay, outlined the! nature of the charges to the jurors. Representative Thomas and Miss Campbell are charged with conspiracy during a five-year period beginning January 1, 1940, by arranging salary "kickbacks” with two persons on the Repre sentative’s payroll. The latter, according to the Government, were Mrs. Rean D. Chilson, formerly Mira Midkaff, Miss Campbell’s niece, and Arnette Minor, Miss Campbell’s maid. Received Pay Checks. Miss Campbell, it was said, re ceived pay checks totalling $817.60 from Mrs. Chilson and Miss Minor, after they had been en dorsed, it was said, and deposited them in her personal account. The Government charges that she later drew equal amounts from her account and sent them for deposit to the Representative’s bank in New Jersey. While Representative Thomas was chairman of the House com HERE FOR TRIAL—Stern-visaged Representative J. Parnell Thomas, Republican, of New Jersey appears at District Court with Mrs. Thomas for his long-delayed trial on charges of conspiracy and fraud against the Government in padding his payroll. (Story on Page A-l.) —AP Photo. mittee, when the Republicans were in control of Congress, he and former Attorney General Tom Clark engaged in a bitter contro versy over Representative Thomas’ insistence that the Justice Depart ment bring alleged Communists and suspects said to have been employed by the Government to trial. Mr. Clark had insisted that there was not sufficient evidence to prosecute the cases. Later, 17 attorneys in the House member’s New Jersey district pe titioned for an investigation of the charges being published against the Representative. Pope (Continued From First Page.> your capital have heard, in the days just past,, the noble accents of a nation’s prayer of Thanks giving to the living God * * *” “It is truly Just and right,” he added, “everywhere to give thanks to God for the blessings of life, liberty and abundance * • •” Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday in the United States, com memorating the bountiful harvest reaped by the Pilgrim colony In 1623 after a winter of great hard ship. President Lincoln revived the custom in 1864, appointing as the date the last Thursday of No vember. The day is observed by church services and family reunions. However, Catholic recognition of the day by special religious fea tures has only been of compara tively recent date, according to the official Catholic Encyclopedia. In Canada the governor-general by proclamation sets aside the last Monday in October as a legal holiday for the purpose of ac knowledging God’s providence and bounties. The Pope spoke in English at a private audience for Represen tative Rooney, Democrat of New York, and members of his State Department subcommittee of the House Appropriations Committee; Representative McGrath, Demo crat of New York, chairman of a foreign aid subcommittee of the House Appropriations Committee, and Representative Gavin, Repub lican of Pennsylvania. Mr. Rooney's group included Representatives Flood, Democrat of Pennsylvania; Kirwan, Demo crat of Ohio; Fogarty, Democrat of Rhode Island; Stockman, Re publican of Oregan, and Hedrick, Democrat of Virginia. Accompanying the group was John E. Peurifoy, Assistant Secre tary of State. Maryland Fire Destroys Lions Club Building * By the Associated Press BERLIN, Md„ Nov. 28.—A spec tacular fire last night destroyed the Iyion’s Den, country club and lodge hall of the Berlin Lions Club, on the outskirts. The club estimated its loss at $20,000. The three-story frame building, containing 15 rooms, was purchased by the organization from the John D. Henry estate about five years ago. The building housed many val uable antiques, which burned. Firemen were hampered in fight ing the fire by a lack of water. Helmed 4 Wheels Complete | FINEST QUALITY LINING 1 BUICK SPECIAL £■ m IMfc AC 1 PONTIAC-6 9 ■ .49 1 OLDSMOBILE-6 ^ on. com 1 Packard-110 mmwtm Cq ally Low |j COMPETITIVE LININGS, $9.45 UP QUICK EFFICIENT \ FREE BRAKE Service by Experts I ADJUSTMENTS Duplicate Police Testing Machine China (Continued From First Page.) inland city of 1,000,000 inhabit ants would fall tomorrow or the next day. A handful of top officials were still in Chungking at nightfall. Among them was Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Most had planes waiting to whisk them to safety. All Chungking shops were closed. Owners feared looters Silks, furs and cosmetics were hidden. They feared Communist confiscation of these items. Lights were out. Government buildings darkened. Some Troops Have No Shoes. Troops moved in great surges through the city. Soldiers were in a wide variety of uniforms, green, blue and khaki. Some had shoes. Some had none. Some wore summer uniforms in the dreary cold. Soldiers commandeered Rick shas. Sedan chair bearers lugged guns and ammunition. Traffic was so congested ac cidents were numerous. Vehicular and foot traffic wa* almost stalled. Throngs of spectators lined the sidewalks to watch the mad scramble. They gasped at the numbers who ^piled their luggage and children on bus tops when interiors became overcrowded. • A rigid curfew was proclaimed. Any one caught disturbing the peace will be shot on the spot. Reconciliation Doubted. Late in the day Gen. Chiang dispatched two messengers to British Hong Kong to try to get Acting President Li Tsung-jen back. Li is in a hospital with ulcers. Most doubted a reconciliation between the two would be affect-, ed. They differ sharply on con duct of the war. Gen. Chiang came from his Formosa Island bastion to see Li, with whom he has had many dif ferences. Li was away on a trip. Instead of coming back, the acting President went to Hong Kong a week ago yesterday. In an at tempt to patch the shattering split in the Nationalist hierarchy, Chiang since has been trying to effect Li’s return. The Hong Kong Sunday Herald reported the governor of Yunnan Province in China’s far southwest is thinking again of breaking away from the Nationalists. Gen. Lu Han almost did it not long ago but Chiang talked him out of it. Kunming, Yunnan’s capital, has been considered a likely last-stand mainland seat of the Nationalist government. The Herald also predicted more defections from the Chiang regime. Drainage System The drainage system and pumps installed in New Orleans can han dle 11,500,000 gallons of water a day. _ Peat bogs are formed from the remains of many thousands of generations of moss plants. Construction Industry, Unions Ask NLRB for Taft Law Exemption The National Labor Relations Board was faced today with the problem of deciding whether the Nation’s construction industry may be granted a blanket exemp tion from the collective bargain ing election requirements of the Taft-Hartley Act. Employer groups have joined with unions claiming to represent 2,000,000 workers in asking the NLRB to let them work out their labor relations matters without holding votes on questions of representation and the union shop. The petitioners claim the elec tion procedures are impractical in the construction field and would disrupt long-standing labor prac tices and hamper building pro grams if enforced. Workers Shift Jobs. They point out that construc tion workers usually are employed a relatively short time on any job and shift frequently from employ er to employer and from city to city. By the time an election is arranged by the NLRB the situa tion usually has changed to such an extent that the procedure be comes meaningless, it is con tended. The management appeal was filed with the NLRB by a group of contractors’ organizations, includ ing the Associated General Con tractors of America. The group claims to represent builders doing approximately 80 per cent of the construction work in the United States. The labor petition was filed by the Building and Construction Trades Department of the AFL, composed of 19 major unions. Another Conference May Be Held. The matter of waiving the elec tions required by the Taft-Hartley Act was discussed at a meeting of contractors and union officials at the NLRB several months ago. This session led to submission of the exemption request, now under study. Another conference probably will be held soon. The labor law requires that a vote of the workers be taken be fore the NLRB may certify as the legitimate collective agent any union claiming to represent the employes. A vote of the workers affected also is required before employer and union may sign a union shop agreement—an agreement that all employes hired must join the( union. Plans for Election Dropped. The NLRB already has aban doned plans for several elections in the construction industry be sr iu?aBess«!£ It is generally 'known that a large segment of the building in dustry has gone ahead with its long-standing policy of a closed shop—the hiring of union mem bers only, despite the Taft-Hart ley Act ban on formal agreements of this nature. Heavy Damage, Two Deaths Caused by Italian Floods ty th» Auoctatmi Prna ROME, Nov. 28. — Torrential rains soaked Italy from Genoa and Venice to Sicily over the week end, causing two deaths and heavy property and erop damage. Flooded tracks and the fear.pf weakened bridges delayed tratHi connecting Rome with the north. At Genoa a woman and a child died when a rain-soaked house collapsed. At Venice overflowing canals flooded homes and fields. Flood damage was reported par ticularly high in Central Italy. Estimates in Tuscany put the loss at high as a billion lire (about $1,500,000). High winds accompanied the storms which hit the islands of Sardinia and Sicily. One Sardin ian village was flooded. Four American destroyers took refuge frop the storm in the Sicilian port of Messina where the wind was so strong people could not walk on the streets. Bible Meeting Set A pre-Universal Bible Sunday meeting will be held by the Or ganized Bible Class Association of Washington at 8 p.m. December 6 in Hamline Methodist Church, Sixteenth and Allison streets N.W., Howard M. Stackhouse, associa tion executive vice president, an nounced today._ Truck Production The 1948 total world production of trucks and buses was 1,850,182 units. Canada and the United States combined produced 1,473, 006 trucks. _ ' ■FREE j AT ALL OFFICES—FOR OUR PATRONS COURTESY-SERVICE . Bank of Comkhx aw Savoks MAIN OFFICE 7th at E Northwest Parking Lot—614 E St. N.W. H Street Branch Brightwood Branch No. Capitol A H Street* ' 6422 Georgia Ave. Park at No. Capitol A G PL Park at Rear of Bank MEMBER FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION ——————————————»owotwy'.'www whii— ■’•wmarnff'?. .■vwjbuwpjuuijp ji^gupijiasjay^aa'sggffl; HOWARD ¥NIVERSITT PLATERS ARE BACK HOME—Eight of the 21 Howard University Players, who returned yesterday from a three-month tour abroad, looked at the globe at the university library to see just where they’ve been. Standing (left to right) are Owen Dodson, faculty member; Geraldine Haywood, Dr. Anne Cooke, director; Robert E. Brown and Edwin Ellick. Seated are Zaida Coles, William Bondhill and Mary Nelson. —Star Staff Photo. 27 Howard Players End Tour, Tell of Role as 'Ambassadors' Twenty-one Negroes who offi cially went to Norway, Sweden and Germany as the Howard Univer sity Players, turned into unofficial “ambassadors” for the United States. “The first thing we were asked in each country was, “tell us about race discrimination in youf coun try,’ ” Edwin Ellick, 24, a senior at Howard University, said. “Not having Negroes in Norway and Sweden they just couldn’t under stand why there was such a thing.’’ The second question the players were asked was “How do you feel about Paul Robeson?” Mary Nel son, 17-year-old junior of 1928 Benning road N.E., said. * 32aida Cole* Vg„ said she remembered (one time that Shauneille Perry, one of* the players on the group’s theatrical tour of 14 foreign cities, was "put on the spot.” “It was at a tea and cocktail party in Oslo, Norway, where there was an international group of people, she said. You could feel a certain tenseness in the air when we walked In. We knew what was in their minds. Finally a Britisher asked Shauneille what she thought of Robeson. “ ‘Do you mean as a politician or musician?’ she asked him. Her diplomacy really stunned the group," Miss Coles said. ‘‘We found our diplomacy improved constantly because of such ques tions.” , -i, ■ £ ’ - r Mr. Ellick*tolda fires- confer ence today at Howard University that when he was asked if he agreed with Robeson, he answered: “In our country we let people say what they want, but we don’t have to agree with them." Miss Coles said she often was asked what were her chances as a Negro of being a professional actress. “I told them there was not much of a demand for colored ac tresses. They wanted to know too if we could be in plays with white people.” The players, who gave 54 thea trical performances of Ibsen’s "The Wild Duck” and “Mamba’s Daughters,” by Du Bose Hayward, said people were anxious to talk to them but a ‘‘polite timidity” sometimes kept them from it. ‘‘If we went in a public place for coffee they would never let us pay the bill and sometimes if they thought it correct, they would talk to us,” Mr. Ellick said. “They wanted to know’ if it was allright to come backstage, a custom they don't follow too much in Norway and Sweden. Then we w’ould be deluged w’lth eager faces saying, ‘Thank you for a wonderful evening.’ ” The players’ appearances were on a non-profit basis. Transpor tation costs were met by funds made available through the offices of the Norwegian cultural attache and a private donor. The trip was made at the invitation of the Norwegian Embassy here to acquaint Norwegian audiences with amateur theatricals and their de velopment in the United States. The group returned to Washing ton yesterday by air. Uncharted Hill Blamed In Oslo Plane Crash By th« Auociotad Press THE HAGUE. Nov. 28.—The op erators of the plane which crashed south of Oslo. Norway, on Novem ber 20 with a death toll of 34 said today the hill hit by the plane was not marked on maps. Aero Holland Transport, opera tors of the aircraft, which was WEATHER REPORT Sunny and Cool Rain or shine, dry or dany, get Sterling Salt. We asked 2,560 users which salt they preferred for easy pouring in damp weather and the over whelming winner was Sterling Salt. Get it today—Sterling Salt. Iodized or Plain. TRAVEL. TRAVEL. t • I DO MORE...SEE MORE...STAY LONGER ...YET SPEND LESS! # With the new rate of the pound cutting your costs in Britain by almost one third, this 600-mile-long land offers vacation values unequaled in all Europe. Here is your chance to see more of Britain! Enjoy a country wide vacation... where travel is easy and inexpensive, and everything’s dose at hand. Take in your stride the thrilling events on Britain's gay holiday calendar. Visit her ancient places, famous in history, literature and legend. Stay in her old-world village inns, as well as her modem hotels. A warm welcome awaits you wherever you go. All Britain is ready, and eager, to receive you! START PLANNING NOW FOR NEXT SPRING OR SUMMER SEE YOUR TRAVEL AGENTI Hk services ore free FRII "COMING EVENTS”, ill cute and a wide selection of literature from your travel agent, or write to BP CENTRE, 336 Madison Avenue, New *to carrying Jewish refugee children to Norway, said the same map is used by virtually all airlines as well as by Norwegian authorities. Official investigation of the crash has not yet been completed. Los Angeles is second only to New York in garment manufac turing. Two Men Board Empty Bus, Beat and Rob Driver Two men boarded a Capital Transit bus in the 4500 block ol Third street S.E. early today, robbed the driver, then slugged him so viciously that eight stitches were required to close a scalp wound. The Livingston bus. driven by Charles E. Boswell, 22, of 1812 U place S.E.. had stopped at the end of the line at 1:21 a.m. and no passengers were aboard. One of the colored robbers aimed a pistol at Mr. Boswell and demanded the receipts. They took $26 in bills, $10 in a change holder, 400 fare tokens and 40 weekly passes—loot totalling $130. Mr. Boswell complied without re sistance, but was slugged never theless. He was treated at Emer gency Hospital. In another holdup, three col ored men armed with two pistols and a machine gun, called at Theodore Brooking’s tourist home at 130 D street S.E. about 3:15 a.m. Mr. Brooking, colored, 39, was guided to his bedroom by the machine-gunman, who took $218 from the victim’s pocket. The robber then joined his two companions, who were in the front holding guns on Mr. Brook ing’s wife. Julia. The intruders fled in an auto. Gambling (Continued From First Page.) be a deciding factor," Mr. Wheat ley asserted. Expected Trial To Be Over. Mr. Bowie said he had expected the District trial would be "out of the way" before the extradtion hearings. "The status now appears to be what it was before the trial,” h* said. Lewis and all but two of the 13 defendants tried in District Court are under indictment in Prince Georges County. The county, however, has indictments against four or five other, includ ing several women. All were seized when a bungalow at 4310 Forty-sixth street, Bladensburg, was raided, Mr. Bowie said.